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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141838/online-perceptions-of-mothers-about-breastfeeding-and-introducing-formula-qualitative-study
#1
Anna Lena Wennberg, Sanna Jonsson, Josefine Zadik Janke, Åsa Hörnsten
BACKGROUND: Although the benefits of breastfeeding are well established for babies and their mothers, many women give formula to their infants. Whether to breastfeed or to give infant formula is a complex decision to make. Many parents use the Internet to find information and support that relate to infant feeding decisions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the perceptions of mothers, who are discussing the topic on Web forums, about introducing infant formula...
November 15, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141482/obstetric-practice-guidelines-labor-s-love-lost
#2
Wayne R Cohen, Emanuel A Friedman
Implementation of clinical practice guidelines may moderate health care costs, improve care, reduce medicolegal liability, and provide a uniformity in care allowing meaningful investigation of treatments and outcomes. However, new guidelines are often uncritically embraced by clinicians, risk management organizations, insurance companies, and the courts as the standard of care. Adoption of incompletely vetted recommendations can lead to patient harm. Recent recommendations made by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine for assessment and management of labor provide an example of well-intended guidelines adopted uncritically...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103903/predictors-of-breastfeeding-exclusivity-and-duration-in-a-hospital-without-baby-friendly-hospital-initiative-accreditation-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Michelle O'Connor, Jyai Allen, Jennifer Kelly, Yu Gao, Sue Kildea
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the maternity care factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding duration at three months and six months postpartum in a setting without BFHI accrediation. METHODS: A prospective cohort design. Participants from one tertiary maternity hospital were eligible if they intended to exclusively breastfeed, had birthed a live, term baby; were breastfeeding at recruitment; were rooming-in with their baby; were healthy and well; and understood English...
November 2, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077567/dietary-patterns-in-toddlers-with-excess-weight-the-2016-pitnuts-study
#4
Halina Weker, Marta Barańska, Agnieszka Riahi, Małgorzata Strucińska, Małgorzata Więch, Grażyna Rowicka, Hanna Dyląg, Witold Klemarczyk, Agnieszka Bzikowska, Piotr Socha
INTRODUCTION: Children's appropriate dietary pattern determines their optimal development, reduces the risk of childhood diseases and the risk of diet-dependent diseases, including obesity in adulthood. AIM: To analyze the dietary patterns of children with excess weight aged 1-3 years in comparison with the main components of the safe nutrition model including: the organization of meals (frequency of meals), selection of products (food intake), energy and nutritional value of children's diets...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072928/donor-milk-utilization-for-healthy-infants-experience-at-a-single-academic-center
#5
Sarbattama Sen, Charis Benjamin, Jennifer Riley, Abigail Heleba, Kaitlin Drouin, Katherine Gregory, Mandy Brown Belfort
BACKGROUND: Banked donor milk (BDM) has historically been used as an alternative to formula for preterm infants. Recently, BDM has been endorsed by two national organizations for use in healthy infants. We sought to quantify utilization trends and characteristics of mothers and their healthy newborns who received BDM during their postpartum stay between 2013 and 2016 at a single academic medical center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this observational study, we used a clinical log to identify all infants who received BDM in the well-baby nursery between July 2013 and June 2016...
October 26, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072377/-congenital-ileal-stenosis-late-clinical-manifestations-of-early-prenatal-suspicion
#6
Avi On, Mary Abdo, Sammi Haddad, Wail Naser, Said Abozaid
Congenital stenosis (partial obstruction) of the small intestine is uncommon in comparison to atresia (complete obstruction). The clinical manifestations of stenosis could be delayed up to several weeks post-delivery. We present a case wherein a baby with a prenatal ultrasound examination showed a suspicious picture of small bowel obstruction. However, the clinical manifestations after delivery and imaging studies were misleading and non-classic; therefore, the resection of the stenotic portion of the ileum was delayed until the baby was one month of age...
October 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064280/prevalence-and-trends-in-donor-milk-use-in-the-well-baby-nursery-a-survey-of-northeast-united-states-birth-hospitals
#7
Mandy Brown Belfort, Kaitlin Drouin, Jennifer F Riley, Katherine E Gregory, Barbara L Philipp, Margaret G Parker, Sarbattama Sen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pasteurized donor human milk ("donor milk") is an alternative to formula for supplementation of breastfed infants. We conducted a survey to determine (1) prevalence, trends, and hospital-level correlates of donor milk use for healthy newborns in the northeast United States and (2) clinician knowledge and opinions regarding this practice. METHODS: We conducted parallel surveys of clinicians (88% nurse and/or lactation consultant) at (1) all birth hospitals in Massachusetts (MA) and (2) all birth hospitals served by a northeast United States milk bank...
October 24, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061898/inferring-processes-of-cultural-transmission-the-critical-role-of-rare-variants-in-distinguishing-neutrality-from-novelty-biases
#8
James P O'Dwyer, Anne Kandler
Neutral evolution assumes that there are no selective forces distinguishing different variants in a population. Despite this striking assumption, many recent studies have sought to assess whether neutrality can provide a good description of different episodes of cultural change. One approach has been to test whether neutral predictions are consistent with observed progeny distributions, recording the number of variants that have produced a given number of new instances within a specified time interval: a classic example is the distribution of baby names...
December 5, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047226/babies-in-boxes-and-the-missing-links-on-safe-sleep-human-evolution-and-cultural-revolution
#9
REVIEW
Melissa Bartick, Cecília Tomori, Helen L Ball
Concerns about bedsharing as a risk for sudden infant death syndrome and other forms of sleep-associated infant death have gained prominence as a public health issue. Cardboard "baby boxes" are increasingly promoted to prevent infant death through separate sleep, despite no proof of efficacy. However, baby boxes disrupt "breastsleeping" (breastfeeding with co-sleeping) and may undermine breastfeeding. Recommendations enforcing separate sleep are based on 20th century Euro-American social norms for solitary infant sleep and scheduled feedings via bottles of cow's milk-based formula, in contrast to breastsleeping, an evolutionary adaptation facilitating the survival of mammalian infants for millennia...
October 18, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046023/-determination-of-a-new-cow-s-milk-based-formula-allergenic-capacity-in-7-infants
#10
Beatriz Estella López-Marín, Benjamín Rojano, Luz Marina Carvajal-de Pabón
BACKGROUND: Cow's milk protein allergy is the main allergic problem during the first year of life, possibly owing to immune and gastrointestinal systems poor maturation. To prevent allergic reactions, the content and type of proteins in infant formulas resemble those of breast milk. We believe that reactions are due rather to the amount than to the type of protein. OBJECTIVE: To design a new formula with cow's milk that provides the infant with the main nutrients at an affordable cost and with lower risk for the development of allergies...
July 2017: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955076/the-determination-of-infant-feeding-attitudes-among-turkish-mothers-using-the-iowa-infant-feeding-attitude-scale
#11
Sumeyra Topal, Hilal Uslu Yuvaci, Unal Erkorkmaz, Nursan Cinar, Sevin Altinkaynak
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale is a valid and reliable scale for Turkish mothers, and to assess maternal attitudes toward various aspects of infant feeding. METHODS: This methodological, analytical study was conducted at the obstetrics and gynaecology department of Sakarya Training and Research Hospital, Sakarya, Turkey, from June to August 2015, and comprised mothers of newborn babies. Data was collected using the Turkish version of Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale...
October 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912815/feasibility-of-metatranscriptome-analysis-from-infant-gut-microbiota-adaptation-to-solid-foods-results-in-increased-activity-of-firmicutes-at-six-months
#12
Floor Hugenholtz, Jarmo Ritari, Lotta Nylund, Mark Davids, Reetta Satokari, Willem M de Vos
Newborns are rapidly colonized by microbes and their intestinal tracts contain highly dynamic and rapidly developing microbial communities in the first months of life. In this study, we describe the feasibility of isolating mRNA from rapidly processed faecal samples and applying deep RNA-Seq analysis to provide insight into the active contributors of the microbial community in early life. Specific attention is given to the impact of removing rRNA from the mRNA on the phylogenetic and transcriptional profiling and its analysis depth...
2017: International Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888353/preimplantation-genetic-diagnosis-and-screening-current-status-and-future-challenges
#13
REVIEW
Hsin-Fu Chen, Shee-Uan Chen, Gwo-Chin Ma, Sung-Tsang Hsieh, Horng-Der Tsai, Yu-Shih Yang, Ming Chen
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) is a clinically feasible technology to prevent the transmission of monogenic inherited disorders in families afflicted the diseases to the future offsprings. The major technical hurdle is it does not have a general formula for all mutations, thus different gene locus needs individualized, customized design to make the diagnosis accurate enough to be applied on PGD, in which the quantity of DNA is scarce, whereas timely result is sometimes requested if fresh embryo transfer is desired...
September 6, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882162/factors-influencing-the-practice-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-among-nursing-mothers-in-a-peri-urban-district-of-ghana
#14
Kofi Akohene Mensah, Enoch Acheampong, Francis Owusu Anokye, Paul Okyere, Emmanuel Appiah-Brempong, Rose Odotei Adjei
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is one of the optimal infant and young child feeding practices. Globally, <40% of infants under 6 months of age are exclusively breastfed. In Ghana, 63% of children <6 months are exclusively breastfed which is far less than the 100% recommended by the United Nation Children Emergency Fund. This study was carried out to find out the factors that influence the practice of exclusive breastfeeding in the district. METHODS: A cross-sectional quantitative study was conducted using structured questionnaires...
September 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881314/analytical-characterization-of-human-milk-oligosaccharides-potential-applications-in-pharmaceutical-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Márkó Grabarics, Orsolya Csernák, Réka Balogh, Szabolcs Béni
Human breast milk is the gold standard for infant feeding and the best possible nourishment a new-born could have. Breastfeeding is the natural way to provide optimal nutritional, immunological and emotional nurturing for the healthy growth and development of infants. Human milk is a complex and dynamic biofluid comprised of many hundreds to thousands of distinct bioactive structures, among which one of the most abundant substances are the non-conjugated complex carbohydrates referred to as human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs)...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855672/evolution-of-gut-bifidobacterium-population-in-healthy-japanese-infants-over-the-first-three-years-of-life-a-quantitative-assessment
#16
Ravinder Nagpal, Takashi Kurakawa, Hirokazu Tsuji, Takuya Takahashi, Kazunari Kawashima, Satoru Nagata, Koji Nomoto, Yuichiro Yamashiro
Bifidobacteria are important members of human gut microbiota; however, quantitative data on their early-life dynamics is limited. Here, using a sensitive reverse transcription-qPCR approach, we demonstrate the carriage of eight signature infant-associated Bifidobacterium species (B. longum, B. breve, B. bifidum, B. catenulatum group, B. infantis, B. adolescentis, B. angulatum and B. dentium) in 76 healthy full-term vaginally-born infants from first day to three years of life. About 21% babies carry bifidobacteria at first day of life (6...
August 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820632/media-presentation-of-breastfeeding-beliefs-in-newspapers
#17
Rose Hitt, Jie Zhuang, Jennifer Anderson
Despite numerous health benefits for babies and mothers, many women do not either initiate or continue breastfeeding for the recommended duration, and increasing breastfeeding is a national priority. It is important to understand media messages on the topic, given that breastfeeding is influenced by many environmental factors and that perceived norms, social support, and perceptions of difficulties predict breastfeeding. The current study analyzes how media covers (1) breastfeeding in general, (2) public breastfeeding, and (3) extended breastfeeding (past 1 year)...
August 18, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795377/comparison-of-the-fatty-acid-profile-of-spanish-infant-formulas-and-galician-women-breast-milk
#18
Rocío Barreiro, Patricia Regal, Olga López-Racamonde, Alberto Cepeda, Cristina A Fente
The importance of dietary lipids during childhood is evident, as they are necessary for correct growth and development of the newborn. When breastfeeding is not possible, infant formulas are designed to mimic human milk as much as possible to fulfill infant's requirements. However, the composition of these dairy products is relatively constant, while human milk is not a uniform bio-fluid and changes according to the requirements of the baby. In this study, breast milk samples were donated by 24 Spanish mothers in different lactation stages and different infant formulas were purchased in supermarkets and pharmacies...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789740/strategically-positioned-breastfeeding-advocacy-and-the-hands-on-nurse
#19
Erika L Gathron
Breastfeeding, a health behavior that provides well-known benefits for mothers, infants, and children, is an essential strategy to improve public health. Breastfeeding can reduce the incidence of infant illness and death and provides both short- and longterm physiological benefits to mothers. National and international government agencies and grassroots organizations supporting breastfeeding include the World Health Organization, the United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund, the World Alliance for Breastfeeding Action, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the La Leche League...
August 1, 2017: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780499/how-to-feed-a-baby-recovering-from-necrotising-enterocolitis-when-maternal-milk-is-not-available
#20
REVIEW
Nicholas D Embleton, Stefan P Zalewski
Necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating disease with significant mortality and serious adverse outcomes in at least 50% including short gut and poor neurodevelopment. Research and management are complicated by a lack of robust clinical markers, and without histological confirmation, there is a risk of both underdiagnosis and overdiagnosis. Interunit variations in the thresholds for surgical referral, laparotomy and postmortem rates mean the actual incidence is difficult to determine, especially because the histological term 'NEC' is used in practice to describe a heterogeneous clinical syndrome...
November 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
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