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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314433/corrigendum-to-the-midwives-aren-t-allowed-to-tell-you-perceived-infant-feeding-policy-restrictions-in-a-formula-feeding-culture-the-feeding-your-baby-study-midwifery-30-3-2014-e49-e55
#1
Briege M Lagan, Andrew Symon, Janet Dalzell, Heather Whitford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288222/-the-benefits-of-breastfeeding-and-associated-risks-of-replacement-with-baby-formulas
#2
Paulina Brahm, Verónica Valdés
Breastfeeding is the nourishment designed by nature for the newborn and the infant; however its prevalence is nowadays not optimal. The aim of this article is to review the current evidence of the benefits of breastfeeding for children and society, and to elaborate the risks associated with the replacement of lactation with baby formulas. Breastfeeding is a protective factor for several infectious, atopic, and cardiovascular diseases as well as for leukaemia, necrotising enterocolitis, celiac disease, and inflammatory bowel disease...
February 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218865/occurrence-of-ochratoxin-a-in-infant-foods-in-the-united-states
#3
Jack Cappozzo, Lauren Jackson, Hyun Jung Lee, Wei Zhou, Fadwa Al-Taher, Jerry Zweigenbaum, Dojin Ryu
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a possible human carcinogen and occurs frequently in cereal grain, soy, and other agricultural commodities. Infants and young children may be more susceptible to contaminants than adults because of their lower body weight, higher metabolic rate, reduced ability to detoxify food toxicants, and more restricted diet. The purpose of this study was to investigate the occurrence and levels of OTA in infant formula and infant cereal products available in the U.S. market. In the present study, 98 powdered infant formula (milk- and soy-based) samples and 155 infant cereal (barley-, rice-, oat-, wheat-, and mixed grain-based) products were collected from different retail locations in the United States over a 2-year period...
February 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190990/the-translation-of-lipid-profiles-to-nutritional-biomarkers-in-the-study-of-infant-metabolism
#4
Animesh Acharjee, Philippa Prentice, Carlo Acerini, James Smith, Ieuan A Hughes, Ken Ong, Julian L Griffin, David Dunger, Albert Koulman
INTRODUCTION: Links between early life exposures and later health outcomes may, in part, be due to nutritional programming in infancy. This hypothesis is supported by observed long-term benefits associated with breastfeeding, such as better cognitive development in childhood, and lower risks of obesity and high blood pressure in later life. However, the possible underlying mechanisms are expected to be complex and may be difficult to disentangle due to the lack of understanding of the metabolic processes that differentiate breastfed infants compared to those receiving just formula feed...
2017: Metabolomics: Official Journal of the Metabolomic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188944/comparison-of-fecal-calprotectin-in-exclusively-breastfed-and-formula-or-mixed-fed-infants-in-the-first-six-months-of-life
#5
Masoumeh Asgarshirazi, Mamak Shariat, Fatemeh Nayeri, Hosein Dalili, Alireza Abdollahi
We conducted this study to compare fecal calprotectin between exclusively breastfed and formula or mixed fed infants aged one month and six months. Sixty term infants were enrolled from the labor ward of Valiasr Hospital between Oct 2011 and July 2015 and their fecal calprotectin was checked by the ELISA method and Hycult biotech kits. The enrolled infants had a birth weight of 2500-4000 g and no perinatal insults or hospitalization. Stool sampling was done at 1±1 week and at 6n±1 months. The six-month infants had no recent disease, antibiotic use or vaccination...
January 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181715/development-of-age-based-weight-estimation-formulae-for-japanese-children
#6
Nobuyuki Nosaka, Takashi Yorifuji, Emily Knaup, Kohei Tsukahara, Takashi Muguruma, Ayumi Okada, Hirokazu Tsukahara, Hiroyuki Doi
BACKGROUND: Although dosing and sizing of resuscitation drugs and equipment are mostly weight based, time is usually insufficient to weigh critically ill children. Many age-based weight estimation formulae for emergency use have been developed worldwide; however, there is no specific formula for Japanese children. This study aimed to develop and validate age-based formulae for estimating body weight of children living in Japan. METHODS: We obtained 370,980 measurements of body weight from 39,547 participants aged 12-155 months...
February 9, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160787/legislation-policies-and-guidelines-related-to-breastfeeding-and-the-baby-friendly-health-initiative-in-australia-a-document-analysis
#7
Anahita Esbati, Margaret Barnes, Amanda Henderson, Jane Taylor
Objectives The aim of the present study was to assess the extent to which publicly available legislation, policy and guidelines related to breastfeeding and the Baby Friendly Health Initiative (BFHI) underpin and support the uptake and implementation of the BFHI in Australia.Methods Altheide's document analysis model (sample, data collection, data organisation, data analysis and report) was used to source and analyse publicly available legislation, policies and guidelines in Australia that were related to breastfeeding and the BFHI at national, state and professional organisational levels...
February 6, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135477/an-exploratory-thematic-analysis-of-the-breastfeeding-experience-of-students-at-a-canadian-university
#8
Jenna Mackenzie West, Jessica Power, Kathryn Hayward, Phillip Joy
BACKGROUND: The demographic of today's university student includes breastfeeding mothers. Few studies have examined the breastfeeding experience that women face upon their return to school. Research aim: The purpose of this research was to explore the breastfeeding experience of students on a university campus. METHODS: This qualitative study used semistructured interviews. Responses were audiotaped, transcribed, and coded according to common themes using MAXQDA software...
February 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131623/early-postnatal-genistein-administration-permanently-affects-nitrergic-and-vasopressinergic-systems-in-a-sex-specific-way
#9
G Ponti, A Rodriguez-Gomez, A Farinetti, M Marraudino, F Filice, B Foglio, G Sciacca, G C Panzica, S Gotti
Genistein (GEN) is a natural xenoestrogen (isoflavonoid) that may interfere with the development of estrogen-sensitive neural circuits. Due to the large and increasing use of soy-based formulas for babies (characterized by a high content of GEN), there are some concerns that this could result in an impairment of some estrogen-sensitive neural circuits and behaviors. In a previous study, we demonstrated that its oral administration to female mice during late pregnancy and early lactation induced a significant decrease of nitric oxide synthase-positive cells in the amygdala of their male offspring...
January 25, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072957/-a-cross-sectional-survey-on-the-patterns-of-primary-teeth-eruption-in-2-581-children
#10
R X Li, Y Hu
Objective: To investigate the patterns of primary teeth eruption by a cross-sectional survey in 0-40 months old children in Chongqing and to provide normal timetables of tooth eruption that are practical in general physical growth assessment. Method: Data of 2 581 0-40 months old healthy children were collected from January 2014 to January 2016 at Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University. General information was recorded by primary child health care doctors, including age, gender, gestation age, birth weight, time and sequence of first primary tooth eruption, number of teeth and age of totally primary teeth emergence...
January 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067117/furan-in-commercial-baby-foods-from-the-spanish-market-estimation-of-daily-intake-and-risk-assessment
#11
M Soubhi Altaki, F Javier Santos, Lluis Puignou, Maria Teresa Galceran
The occurrence of furan in commercial baby food samples from the Spanish market was evaluated using an automated headspace solid-phase microextraction method coupled to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (HS-SPME-GC-MS). A total of 76 baby food samples including infant formula, baby cereals, fruit in cans and/or jars, vegetables, meat, and fish, were surveyed for furan content. The lowest concentration of this compound was found in infant formula (<0.02-0.33 ng ml(-1)), and cereal-based food (0.15-2.1 ng g(-1)) while baby food containing fish showed the highest concentrations (19-84 ng g(-1))...
January 31, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990664/storage-stability-of-packaged-baby-formula-in-poly-lactide-whey-protein-isolate-laminated-pouch
#12
Thunyaluck Phupoksakul, Manusawee Leuangsukrerk, Anongnat Somwangthanaroj, Kanitha Tananuwong, Theeranun Janjarasskul
BACKGROUND: The use of biodegradable polymeric materials have been proposed as environmentally-friendly alternatives to petroleum-based packaging. In order to extend the shelf life of food products, these bioplastics must possess the appropriate barrier properties and food-package stability. In this study, the shelf life analyses of packaged baby formula in biopolymeric, multilayer film, fabricated from poly(lactide) (PLA) and whey protein isolate (WPI), PLA/WPI/PLA and PLA pouches were performed at 4-35°C, 50-59%RH...
December 18, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986740/self-reported-breast-feeding-practices-and-the-baby-friendly-hospital-initiative-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Cynthia Mosher, Abdullah Sarkar, Alaa AbouBakr Hashem, Reem E Hamadah, Asma Alhoulan, Yosra A AlMakadma, Tehreem A Khan, Abdurahman K Al-Hamdani, Abiola Senok
BACKGROUND: The Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) is a practice guideline for healthcare providers to promote breastfeeding and increase breastfeeding rates. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine reported experiences and views on breastfeeding of women using prenatal and postnatal services, and opinions of staff, in the context of the BFHI programme in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: This prospective, longitudinal study was conducted from December 2013 to September 2015 at two healthcare facilities (BFHI and non-BFHI) in Riyadh Saudi Arabia...
December 16, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979251/vitamin-d-concentrations-in-fortified-foods-and-dietary-supplements-intended-for-infants-implications-for-vitamin-d-intake
#14
Janneke Verkaik-Kloosterman, S Marije Seves, Marga C Ocké
Due to potential overages to cover losses during shelf life, the actual vitamin D concentration of fortified foods and dietary supplements may deviate from the label. In this pilot study the vitamin D concentrations of fortified foods (n=29; follow-on formula, baby porridge, curd cheese dessert) and dietary supplements (n=15), both specifically intended for infants, were analytically determined. Compared to the declared values, the vitamin D content ranged from 50% to 153% for fortified foods and from 8% to 177% for supplements...
April 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979241/a-comparative-study-of-triacylglycerol-composition-in-chinese-human-milk-within-different-lactation-stages-and-imported-infant-formula-by-sfc-coupled-with-q-tof-ms
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Anqi Tu, Qiang Ma, Hua Bai, Zhenxia Du
Triacylglycerols (TAGs) as the major component of milk fat are significant factors to ensure the healthy growth of infants. An efficient method for identifying TAGs in human milk (HM) and infant formula (IF) was established using supercritical fluid chromatograph (SFC) coupled with quadruple time-of-flight mass spectrometry (Q-TOF-MS). The results indicated the feasibility of this method with satisfactory recoveries (>80%) and correlation coefficients (r(2)⩾0.993). More than 60 TAGs in HM and 50 TAGs in IF were identified...
April 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931199/infant-formula-feeding-practices-in-a-prospective-population-based-study
#16
Hazel Ann Smith, Jonathan O'B Hourihane, Louise C Kenny, Mairead Kiely, Patricia Leahy-Warren, Deirdre M Murray
BACKGROUND: It is recommended that formula-fed infants are given standard whey-based infant formula throughout the first year of life, unless otherwise advised by healthcare professionals. To our knowledge it has not yet been explored if parents are using a whey-based infant formula throughout the first 12 months of life. Reasons for parental choice of formula are also unknown. Therefore, the objective of this paper was to describe parental administration of whey-based and non whey-based infant formula in the first year of life...
December 8, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922070/deep-sequencing-of-the-16s-ribosomal-rna-of-the-neonatal-oral-microbiome-a-comparison-of-breast-fed-and-formula-fed-infants
#17
S S Al-Shehri, E L Sweeney, D M Cowley, H G Liley, P D Ranasinghe, B G Charles, P N Shaw, D Vagenas, J A Duley, C L Knox
In utero and upon delivery, neonates are exposed to a wide array of microorganisms from various sources, including maternal bacteria. Prior studies have proposed that the mode of feeding shapes the gut microbiota and, subsequently the child's health. However, the effect of the mode of feeding and its influence on the development of the neonatal oral microbiota in early infancy has not yet been reported. The aim of this study was to compare the oral microbiota of healthy infants that were exclusively breast-fed or formula-fed using 16S-rRNA gene sequencing...
December 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917749/introduction-of-complementary-foods-in-sweden-and-impact-of-maternal-education-on-feeding-practices
#18
Sofia Klingberg, Johnny Ludvigsson, Hilde K Brekke
OBJECTIVE: To describe the introduction of complementary foods in a population-based cohort in relation to recommendations and explore the possible impact of maternal education on infant feeding practices. DESIGN: Prospective data from the All Babies in Southeast Sweden (ABIS) cohort study were used. The ABIS study invited all infants born in south-east Sweden during October 1997-October 1999 (n 21 700) to participate. A questionnaire was completed for 16 022 infants...
December 5, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909996/modelling-the-cost-effectiveness-of-human-milk-and-breastfeeding-in-preterm-infants-in-the-united-kingdom
#19
James Mahon, Lindsay Claxton, Hannah Wood
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the cost savings and health benefits in the UK NHS that could be achieved if human milk usage in the NICU was increased. METHODS: A systematic review established the disease areas with the strong sources of evidence of the short, medium and long-term benefits of human milk for preterm infants as opposed to the use of formula milk. The analysis assessed the economic impact of reducing rates of necrotising enterocolitis, sepsis, sudden infant death syndrome, leukaemia, otitis media, obesity and neurodevelopmental impairment...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904167/comparison-of-errors-of-35-weight-estimation-formulae-in-a-standard-collective
#20
M Hoopmann, K O Kagan, A Sauter, H Abele, P Wagner
Issue: The estimation of foetal weight is an integral part of prenatal care and obstetric routine. In spite of its known susceptibility to errors in cases of underweight or overweight babies, important obstetric decisions depend on it. In the present contribution we have examined the accuracy and error distribution of 35 weight estimation formulae within the normal weight range of 2500-4000 g. The aim of the study was to identify the weight estimation formulae with the best possible correspondence to the requirements of clinical routine...
November 2016: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
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