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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333864/non-digestible-carbohydrates-in-infant-formula-as-substitution-for-human-milk-oligosaccharide-functions-effects-on-microbiota-and-gut-maturation
#1
Renate Akkerman, Marijke M Faas, Paul de Vos
Human milk (HM) is the golden standard for nutrition of newborn infants. Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) are abundantly present in HM and exert multiple beneficial functions, such as support of colonization of the gut microbiota, reduction of pathogenic infections and support of immune development. HMO-composition is during lactation continuously adapted by the mother to accommodate the needs of the neonate. Unfortunately, for many valid reasons not all neonates can be fed with HM and are either totally or partly fed with cow-milk derived infant formulas, which do not contain HMOs...
January 15, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324077/screening-of-23-%C3%AE-lactams-in-foodstuffs-by-lc-ms-ms-using-an-alkaline-quechers-like-extraction
#2
Thomas Bessaire, Claudia Mujahid, Andrea Beck, Adrienne Tarres, Marie-Claude Savoy, Pei-Mun Woo, Pascal Mottier, Aurélien Desmarchelier
A fast and robust high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) screening method was developed for the analysis of β-lactam antibiotics in foods of animal origin: eggs, raw milk, processed dairy ingredients, infant formula, and meat- and fish-based products including baby-foods. QuEChERS extraction with some adaptations enabled twenty-three drugs to be simultaneously monitored. Screening Target Concentrations were set at levels adequate to ensure compliance with current European, Chinese, US and Canadian regulations...
January 11, 2018: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306098/exploring-midwives-interactions-with-mothers-when-labour-begins-a-study-using-participatory-action-research
#3
Helen E D Shallow, Ruth Deery, Mavis Kirkham
OBJECTIVE: to explore the interactions between mothers and midwives when labour begins with a focus on midwives and unexpected birth out of hospital. DESIGN: participatory action research (PAR) that sought to understand and improve interactions between mothers and midwives through interviews, focus groups and a joint workshop. SETTING: maternity services in the north of England, in a district general hospital with one obstetric unit and two birth centres, across two sites and where there was a birth rate of 6000...
October 18, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287170/outcomes-associated-with-type-of-milk-supplementation-among-late-preterm-infants
#4
Rebecca Mannel, Jennifer D Peck
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether type of milk supplementation provided to breastfeeding late preterm infants was associated with hospital length of stay (LOS) or breastfeeding status at discharge. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: Tertiary care teaching hospital in the southern United States. PARTICIPANTS: Late preterm infants 35 0/7 to 36 6/7 weeks gestational age (N = 183) admitted to the mother-baby unit between November 1, 2014, and October 31, 2016...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274129/newborn-screening-for-galactosaemia
#5
REVIEW
Rohollah Lak, Bahareh Yazdizadeh, Majid Davari, Mojtaba Nouhi, Roya Kelishadi
BACKGROUND: Classical galactosaemia is an autosomal recessive inborn error of metabolism caused by a deficiency of the enzyme galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase. This is a rare and potentially lethal condition that classically presents in the first week of life once milk feeds have commenced. Affected babies may present with any or all of the following: cataracts; fulminant liver failure; prolonged jaundice; or Escherichia coli sepsis. Once the diagnosis is suspected, feeds containing galactose must be stopped immediately and replaced with a soya-based formula...
December 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194422/food-and-nutrient-intake-and-nutrient-sources-in-1-year-old-infants-in-finland-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#6
Helena H Hauta-Alus, Liisa Korkalo, Elisa M Holmlund-Suila, Jenni Rosendahl, Saara M Valkama, Maria Enlund-Cerullo, Otto M Helve, Timo K Hytinantti, Outi M Mäkitie, Sture Andersson, Heli T Viljakainen
The infant diet has short- and long-term health consequences. Updated data regarding the dietary intake of Finnish infants are lacking. The objectives of this study were to describe infant food and nutrient intake and to identify food sources of the nutrients. Altogether, 739 healthy infants were studied. Dietary intake and breastfeeding frequency were assessed with a three-day food record at 1 year of age. Dietary intake was calculated separately for non-breastfed and breastfed infants. One-third (36%) of the infants were partially breastfed and 95% consumed mass-produced baby foods...
December 1, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194402/nutrition-in-the-first-1000-days-ten-practices-to-minimize-obesity-emerging-from-published-science
#7
Angelo Pietrobelli, Massimo Agosti
The prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity has increased in most countries the last decades. Considering this in a simplistic way, we can say that obesity is the result of an imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure. Moreover, the environment from conception to childhood could influence the child's future health. The first 1000 days of life start with woman's pregnancy, and offer a unique window of opportunity to contribute to obesity prevention. In light of the actual literature, the aim of our article is to discuss a proposal of 10 good practices to minimize obesity in the first 1000 days emerging from published science...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192576/-mothers-in-the-netherlands-do-not-have-to-feel-guilty-about-bottle-feeding-their-babies
#8
P J J Sauer
Human milk provides optimal nutrition for the term new-born infant. This milk might give the infant certain advantages over formula milk, and the potential advantages are reviewed in this commentary. It is concluded that there are advantages to breastfeeding, but that these are limited for an infant in an industrialised country receiving adequate formula milk. Breastfeeding should be encouraged, but there is insufficient reason for a mother who either is not able or not willing to breastfeed to feel guilty about not doing so...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180346/relationship-between-the-menstrual-cycle-and-timing-of-ovulation-revealed-by-new-protocols-analysis-of-data-from-a-self-tracking-health-app
#9
Satoshi Sohda, Kenta Suzuki, Ichiro Igari
BACKGROUND: There are many mobile phone apps aimed at helping women map their ovulation and menstrual cycles and facilitating successful conception (or avoiding pregnancy). These apps usually ask users to input various biological features and have accumulated the menstrual cycle data of a vast number of women. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to clarify how the data obtained from a self-tracking health app for female mobile phone users can be used to improve the accuracy of prediction of the date of next ovulation...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141838/online-perceptions-of-mothers-about-breastfeeding-and-introducing-formula-qualitative-study
#10
Anna Lena Wennberg, Sanna Jonsson, Josefine Zadik Janke, Åsa Hörnsten
BACKGROUND: Although the benefits of breastfeeding are well established for babies and their mothers, many women give formula to their infants. Whether to breastfeed or to give infant formula is a complex decision to make. Many parents use the Internet to find information and support that relate to infant feeding decisions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the perceptions of mothers, who are discussing the topic on Web forums, about introducing infant formula...
November 15, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141482/obstetric-practice-guidelines-labor-s-love-lost
#11
Wayne R Cohen, Emanuel A Friedman
Implementation of clinical practice guidelines may moderate health care costs, improve care, reduce medicolegal liability, and provide a uniformity in care allowing meaningful investigation of treatments and outcomes. However, new guidelines are often uncritically embraced by clinicians, risk management organizations, insurance companies, and the courts as the standard of care. Adoption of incompletely vetted recommendations can lead to patient harm. Recent recommendations made by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine for assessment and management of labor provide an example of well-intended guidelines adopted uncritically...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103903/predictors-of-breastfeeding-exclusivity-and-duration-in-a-hospital-without-baby-friendly-hospital-initiative-accreditation-a-prospective-cohort-study
#12
Michelle O'Connor, Jyai Allen, Jennifer Kelly, Yu Gao, Sue Kildea
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the maternity care factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding duration at three months and six months postpartum in a setting without BFHI accrediation. METHODS: A prospective cohort design. Participants from one tertiary maternity hospital were eligible if they intended to exclusively breastfeed, had birthed a live, term baby; were breastfeeding at recruitment; were rooming-in with their baby; were healthy and well; and understood English...
November 2, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077567/dietary-patterns-in-toddlers-with-excess-weight-the-2016-pitnuts-study
#13
Halina Weker, Marta Barańska, Agnieszka Riahi, Małgorzata Strucińska, Małgorzata Więch, Grażyna Rowicka, Hanna Dyląg, Witold Klemarczyk, Agnieszka Bzikowska, Piotr Socha
INTRODUCTION: Children's appropriate dietary pattern determines their optimal development, reduces the risk of childhood diseases and the risk of diet-dependent diseases, including obesity in adulthood. AIM: To analyze the dietary patterns of children with excess weight aged 1-3 years in comparison with the main components of the safe nutrition model including: the organization of meals (frequency of meals), selection of products (food intake), energy and nutritional value of children's diets...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072928/donor-milk-utilization-for-healthy-infants-experience-at-a-single-academic-center
#14
Sarbattama Sen, Charis Benjamin, Jennifer Riley, Abigail Heleba, Kaitlin Drouin, Katherine Gregory, Mandy Brown Belfort
BACKGROUND: Banked donor milk (BDM) has historically been used as an alternative to formula for preterm infants. Recently, BDM has been endorsed by two national organizations for use in healthy infants. We sought to quantify utilization trends and characteristics of mothers and their healthy newborns who received BDM during their postpartum stay between 2013 and 2016 at a single academic medical center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this observational study, we used a clinical log to identify all infants who received BDM in the well-baby nursery between July 2013 and June 2016...
October 26, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072377/-congenital-ileal-stenosis-late-clinical-manifestations-of-early-prenatal-suspicion
#15
Avi On, Mary Abdo, Sammi Haddad, Wail Naser, Said Abozaid
Congenital stenosis (partial obstruction) of the small intestine is uncommon in comparison to atresia (complete obstruction). The clinical manifestations of stenosis could be delayed up to several weeks post-delivery. We present a case wherein a baby with a prenatal ultrasound examination showed a suspicious picture of small bowel obstruction. However, the clinical manifestations after delivery and imaging studies were misleading and non-classic; therefore, the resection of the stenotic portion of the ileum was delayed until the baby was one month of age...
October 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064280/prevalence-and-trends-in-donor-milk-use-in-the-well-baby-nursery-a-survey-of-northeast-united-states-birth-hospitals
#16
Mandy Brown Belfort, Kaitlin Drouin, Jennifer F Riley, Katherine E Gregory, Barbara L Philipp, Margaret G Parker, Sarbattama Sen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pasteurized donor human milk ("donor milk") is an alternative to formula for supplementation of breastfed infants. We conducted a survey to determine (1) prevalence, trends, and hospital-level correlates of donor milk use for healthy newborns in the northeast United States and (2) clinician knowledge and opinions regarding this practice. METHODS: We conducted parallel surveys of clinicians (88% nurse and/or lactation consultant) at (1) all birth hospitals in Massachusetts (MA) and (2) all birth hospitals served by a northeast United States milk bank...
October 24, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061898/inferring-processes-of-cultural-transmission-the-critical-role-of-rare-variants-in-distinguishing-neutrality-from-novelty-biases
#17
James P O'Dwyer, Anne Kandler
Neutral evolution assumes that there are no selective forces distinguishing different variants in a population. Despite this striking assumption, many recent studies have sought to assess whether neutrality can provide a good description of different episodes of cultural change. One approach has been to test whether neutral predictions are consistent with observed progeny distributions, recording the number of variants that have produced a given number of new instances within a specified time interval: a classic example is the distribution of baby names...
December 5, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047226/babies-in-boxes-and-the-missing-links-on-safe-sleep-human-evolution-and-cultural-revolution
#18
REVIEW
Melissa Bartick, Cecília Tomori, Helen L Ball
Concerns about bedsharing as a risk for sudden infant death syndrome and other forms of sleep-associated infant death have gained prominence as a public health issue. Cardboard "baby boxes" are increasingly promoted to prevent infant death through separate sleep, despite no proof of efficacy. However, baby boxes disrupt "breastsleeping" (breastfeeding with co-sleeping) and may undermine breastfeeding. Recommendations enforcing separate sleep are based on 20th century Euro-American social norms for solitary infant sleep and scheduled feedings via bottles of cow's milk-based formula, in contrast to breastsleeping, an evolutionary adaptation facilitating the survival of mammalian infants for millennia...
October 18, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046023/-determination-of-a-new-cow-s-milk-based-formula-allergenic-capacity-in-7-infants
#19
Beatriz Estella López-Marín, Benjamín Rojano, Luz Marina Carvajal-de Pabón
BACKGROUND: Cow's milk protein allergy is the main allergic problem during the first year of life, possibly owing to immune and gastrointestinal systems poor maturation. To prevent allergic reactions, the content and type of proteins in infant formulas resemble those of breast milk. We believe that reactions are due rather to the amount than to the type of protein. OBJECTIVE: To design a new formula with cow's milk that provides the infant with the main nutrients at an affordable cost and with lower risk for the development of allergies...
July 2017: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955076/the-determination-of-infant-feeding-attitudes-among-turkish-mothers-using-the-iowa-infant-feeding-attitude-scale
#20
Sumeyra Topal, Hilal Uslu Yuvaci, Unal Erkorkmaz, Nursan Cinar, Sevin Altinkaynak
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale is a valid and reliable scale for Turkish mothers, and to assess maternal attitudes toward various aspects of infant feeding. METHODS: This methodological, analytical study was conducted at the obstetrics and gynaecology department of Sakarya Training and Research Hospital, Sakarya, Turkey, from June to August 2015, and comprised mothers of newborn babies. Data was collected using the Turkish version of Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale...
October 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
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