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baby formula

Sumona Chaudhury, Gloria K Mayondi, Paige L Williams, Jean Leidner, Roger Shapiro, Modiegi Diseko, Gbolahan Ajibola, Penny Holding, Vicki Tepper, Joseph Makhema, Chipo Petlo, George R Seage, Shahin Lockman, Betsy Kammerer
OBJECTIVE: Conflicting data exist regarding the impact of in utero exposure to maternal combination antiretrovirals. We compared neurodevelopmental outcomes between HIV-exposed/uninfected (HEU) children exposed in utero to 3-drug combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) versus zidovudine (ZDV) monotherapy. DESIGN: Prospective study of child neurodevelopment, nested within two cohorts of HIV-infected mothers and their children in Botswana (one observational, one interventional)...
March 15, 2018: AIDS
F P Martins-Celini, W A Gonçalves-Ferri, D C Aragon, J P Bernichi, C Calixto, E M F Sacramento, M A Santos, F E Martinez
The ideal feeding for premature babies has been the source of extensive debate. The aim of this study was to assess the association between type of feeding at discharge and the nutritional status of very low birth weight infants. This was a retrospective cohort of preterm babies with birth weight ≤1500 g, born between January 2006 and December 2013. The infants were divided into 3 groups according to type of feeding at discharge: exclusive breast milk (group 1), mixed feeding (group 2) and exclusive artificial formula (group 3)...
January 23, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
Lisa Daniels, Sheila M Williams, Rosalind S Gibson, Rachael W Taylor, Samir Samman, Anne-Louise M Heath
Suboptimal zinc status is common in very young children and likely associated with increased risk of infection and detrimental effects on growth. No studies have determined potentially modifiable "predictors" of zinc status in toddlers from high-income countries. This cross-sectional analysis of 115 toddlers from the Baby-Led Introduction to SolidS (BLISS) study used weighed diet records (three non-consecutive days) to assess dietary intake, and a venous blood sample (trace-element free techniques) to assess plasma zinc, at 12 months of age...
March 5, 2018: Nutrients
Elisabetta Villa, Roberta Barachetti, Mario Barbarini
Preterm infants are at risk for poor growth while in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) and after discharge from the NICU. The main objective is to reach the body composition and rate of growth of a normal fetus/infant of the same post-menstrual age during the first entire year of life. In case of human milk, the limited data do not provide convincing evidence that feeding preterm infants after discharge with multi-nutrient fortified human milk, compared with unfortified, affects important outcomes including growth rates during infancy...
December 22, 2017: La Pediatria Medica e Chirurgica: Medical and Surgical Pediatrics
Marlene W Borschel, Geraldine E Baggs, Jeffery S Oliver
The aim of this narrative review was to assess published growth data for healthy, term, infants consuming extensively hydrolyzed protein-based (EHF), or amino acid-based formulas (AAF). These data may be of use to clinicians managing infants with medical conditions consuming these products. A search was conducted using key terms: amino acid-based, hydrolysate, hydrolyzed, hydrolysed, infant formula, infant formulae or formulas, baby formula, or formulae or formulas, infant, infants, infantile, and growth. Seven controlled, randomized, prospective growth trials of healthy term infants fed EHFs or AAFs at similar time points during the first four months of age met these and other criteria, including that the trial was published in a peer-reviewed journal, subjects were enrolled by ≤14 days of age and were exclusively formula-fed at entry and throughout the duration of the trial, and infants were assessed at regular intervals with weight measures available ideally at 14 days, one, two, three, and four months of age...
March 1, 2018: Nutrients
Zahoor Ul Hassan, Roda Al Thani, Fathy A Atia, Saeed Al Meer, Quirico Migheli, Samir Jaoua
The present study was conducted to explore the occurrence of mycotoxins in commercial baby foods in Doha-Qatar. LCMS/MS- and HPLC-based analysis of baby food (n=67) for 12 mycotoxins, confirmed the presence of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1, 33%), ochratoxin A (OTA, 31%), deoxynivalenol (DON, 27%), aflatoxin B1 (AFB1, 22%), fumonisin B2 (FB2, 10%), zearalenone (ZEN, 4%) and T-2 toxin (2%). Noodles exhibited the maximum contamination percentage, with 33% of the samples being contaminated above the EU maximum limits, for at least one mycotoxin...
February 28, 2018: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part B, Surveillance
Diane Procaccini, Ann L Cupp Curley, Martha Goldman
INTRODUCTION: It is accepted that newborns lose weight in the first few days of life. Baby-Friendly practices that support breastfeeding may affect newborn weight loss. The objective of this study were: 1) To determine whether Baby-Friendly practices are associated with term newborn weight loss day 0-2 in three feeding categories (exclusively breastfed, mixed formula fed and breastfed, and formula fed). 2) To determine whether Baby-Friendly practices increase exclusive breast feeding rates in different ethnic populations...
February 28, 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
E Özalkaya, Z Aslandoğdu, A Özkoral, S Topcuoğlu, G Karatekin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Poor breast milk production is the most frequent cause of breastfeeding failure in preterm babies. The aim of our study is to evaluate the effect of herbal tea mixture containing stinging nettle (Natal, Hipp) on breast milk production and serum prolactin levels of mothers, and weight gain of preterm babies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled mothers and their babies who were less than 37 gestational week and less than 2000 g, fed with orogastric tube without any contraindication of enteral feeding in neonatal intensive care unit between November 2010 and June 2011...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Dharamveer Tatwavedi, Saudamini V Nesargi, Nachiket Shankar, Priyanka Mathias, Suman Rao Pn
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of modified Tochen's formula (birth weight + 5 cm) when compared to Tochen's formula for optimum placement of endotracheal tubes (ET) in low birth weight (LBW) neonates. STUDY DESIGN: In the NICU of a tertiary care hospital, LBW babies requiring intubation were randomized to Tochen's formula or modified Tochen's formula. The incidence of inadequate placement and optimum length of ET insertion were estimated. Analysis was done by the Chi square and 't'-tests...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Shuaishuai Wang, Chi Zhang, Cuishan Li, Daocheng Li, Ping He, Zhaojuan Su, Yanling Li, Yiling Ding, Aiping Lu
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is recommended worldwide but not fully practiced. The first week after childbirth is regarded as a critical period for increasing breast milk production. The aim of the study was to investigate whether Chinese herbal medicine Zengru Gao would result in more women breastfeeding in the first week after childbirth. METHODS: A multicenter randomized controlled trial was conducted of 588 mothers considering breastfeeding in China. Among the mothers of the intervention group, the intervention included Chinese herbal medicine Zengru Gao; among those of the control group, it did not...
February 6, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Jessica Appleton, Rachel Laws, Catherine Georgina Russell, Cathrine Fowler, Karen J Campbell, Elizabeth Denney-Wilson
BACKGROUND: Infant formula feeding practices are an important consideration for obesity prevention. An infant's diet is influential on their later risk of developing overweight or obesity, yet very little is known about infant formula feeding practices. It is plausible that certain modifiable practices may put children at higher risk of developing overweight or obesity, for example how much and how often a baby is fed. Understanding how parents use infant formula and what factors may influence this practice is therefore important...
January 24, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Mahnaz Zarshenas, Yun Zhao, Colin W Binns, Jane A Scott
There is evidence that the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) results in improved breastfeeding outcomes in Western countries, but little is known of its impact in Middle-Eastern countries. This study investigated the impact of BFHI practices on duration of full breastfeeding in a cohort of 700 Iranian mothers recruited between June 2014 and March 2015 from maternity hospitals in Shiraz and followed-up prospectively for 6 months. At baseline, mothers self-reported exposure to 7 of the BFHI Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding (Steps 3 to 9)...
January 24, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Lucía López Gómez, Miguel A Marín Gabriel, Begoña Encinas, Juan J de la Cruz Troca, Belén Rodríguez Marrodán
AIM: Oxytocin is a hormone involved in the mechanism of breastfeeding, uterine contractions, and social relationships. Atosiban (competitive oxytocin antagonist) is one of the most commonly used tocolytics for the threat of preterm labor in Europe. The aim of this study is to determinate if the administration of atosiban has any influence in the type of feeding in the term newborn at discharge. The secondary objective is to verify its effectiveness for the prevention of preterm delivery and in the possibility of applying treatment to complete lung maturation...
January 22, 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
Tiemin Jiang, Bin Liu, Jufang Li, Xueyan Dong, Man Lin, Minghui Zhang, Junying Zhao, Yaohua Dai, Lijun Chen
Increasing evidence shows that host diet and gut microbes are related. Previous studies have shown the effects of specific dietary fatty acids (FAs) on intestinal microbiota, but little is known about the effect of the stereospecifically numbered sn-2 position in triglycerides (TG) of human milk on the gut microbiome of infants. This study aimed at examining possible effects of sn-2 FAs of human milk on the gut microbial development of breastfeeding babies. Sn-2 FAs and intestinal microbiota were assessed by GC-MS and high-throughput 16S rRNA sequencing, respectively...
January 19, 2018: Food & Function
Renate Akkerman, Marijke M Faas, Paul de Vos
Human milk (HM) is the golden standard for nutrition of newborn infants. Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) are abundantly present in HM and exert multiple beneficial functions, such as support of colonization of the gut microbiota, reduction of pathogenic infections and support of immune development. HMO-composition is during lactation continuously adapted by the mother to accommodate the needs of the neonate. Unfortunately, for many valid reasons not all neonates can be fed with HM and are either totally or partly fed with cow-milk derived infant formulas, which do not contain HMOs...
January 15, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Thomas Bessaire, Claudia Mujahid, Andrea Beck, Adrienne Tarres, Marie-Claude Savoy, Pei-Mun Woo, Pascal Mottier, Aurélien Desmarchelier
A fast and robust high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) screening method was developed for the analysis of β-lactam antibiotics in foods of animal origin: eggs, raw milk, processed dairy ingredients, infant formula, and meat- and fish-based products including baby-foods. QuEChERS extraction with some adaptations enabled twenty-three drugs to be simultaneously monitored. Screening Target Concentrations were set at levels adequate to ensure compliance with current European, Chinese, US and Canadian regulations...
January 11, 2018: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
Helen E D Shallow, Ruth Deery, Mavis Kirkham
OBJECTIVE: to explore the interactions between mothers and midwives when labour begins with a focus on midwives and unexpected birth out of hospital. DESIGN: participatory action research (PAR) that sought to understand and improve interactions between mothers and midwives through interviews, focus groups and a joint workshop. SETTING: maternity services in the north of England, in a district general hospital with one obstetric unit and two birth centres, across two sites and where there was a birth rate of 6000...
October 18, 2017: Midwifery
Rebecca Mannel, Jennifer D Peck
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether type of milk supplementation provided to breastfeeding late preterm infants was associated with hospital length of stay (LOS) or breastfeeding status at discharge. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: Tertiary care teaching hospital in the southern United States. PARTICIPANTS: Late preterm infants 35 0/7 to 36 6/7 weeks gestational age (N = 183) admitted to the mother-baby unit between November 1, 2014, and October 31, 2016...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
Rohollah Lak, Bahareh Yazdizadeh, Majid Davari, Mojtaba Nouhi, Roya Kelishadi
BACKGROUND: Classical galactosaemia is an autosomal recessive inborn error of metabolism caused by a deficiency of the enzyme galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase. This is a rare and potentially lethal condition that classically presents in the first week of life once milk feeds have commenced. Affected babies may present with any or all of the following: cataracts; fulminant liver failure; prolonged jaundice; or Escherichia coli sepsis. Once the diagnosis is suspected, feeds containing galactose must be stopped immediately and replaced with a soya-based formula...
December 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Helena H Hauta-Alus, Liisa Korkalo, Elisa M Holmlund-Suila, Jenni Rosendahl, Saara M Valkama, Maria Enlund-Cerullo, Otto M Helve, Timo K Hytinantti, Outi M Mäkitie, Sture Andersson, Heli T Viljakainen
The infant diet has short- and long-term health consequences. Updated data regarding the dietary intake of Finnish infants are lacking. The objectives of this study were to describe infant food and nutrient intake and to identify food sources of the nutrients. Altogether, 739 healthy infants were studied. Dietary intake and breastfeeding frequency were assessed with a three-day food record at 1 year of age. Dietary intake was calculated separately for non-breastfed and breastfed infants. One-third (36%) of the infants were partially breastfed and 95% consumed mass-produced baby foods...
December 1, 2017: Nutrients
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