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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769176/using-feeding-to-reduce-pain-during-vaccination-of-formula-fed-infants-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Netty G P Bos-Veneman, Marrit Otter, Sijmen A Reijneveld
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and potential side effects of formula feeding to reduce pain during vaccination among infants. STUDY DESIGN: In the setting of well-baby clinics we recruited a community-based sample of full-term born infants who were already formula fed by the choice of the parents (n=48, aged 4-10 weeks) and received their first DTaP-IPV-HepB-Hib and pneumococcal vaccinations and randomised them into two groups. To evaluate pain experienced during vaccination we compared infants who drank formula feeding before, during and after vaccination with infants who did not...
May 16, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757936/formula-milk-supplementation-on-the-postnatal-ward-a-cross-sectional-analytical-study
#2
Kirsty V Biggs, Katherine Hurrell, Eleanor Matthews, Ekaterina Khaleva, Daniel Munblit, Robert J Boyle
Breastfeeding rates are low in the UK, where approximately one quarter of infants receive a breastmilk substitute (BMS) in the first week of life. We investigated the reasons for early BMS use in two large maternity units in the UK, in order to understand the reasons for the high rate of early BMS use in this setting. Data were collected through infant feeding records, as well as maternal and midwife surveys in 2016. During 2016, 28% of infants received a BMS supplement prior to discharge from the hospital maternity units with only 10% supplementation being clinically indicated...
May 14, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743323/iron-deficiency-its-epidemiological-features-and-feeding-practices-among-infants-aged-12-months-in-qatar-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Abdul Jaleel A Latif Zainel, Sherif R Omar Osman, Sadriya Mohammed S Al-Kohji, Nagah A Selim
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the magnitude of anaemia, iron deficiency (ID), iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) and to explore epidemiological features of ID and feeding practices among infants aged 12 months in Qatar. SETTING: Well baby clinics in 14 randomly selected primary healthcare centres covering all geographical areas on the national level. PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred and six (163 male and 143 female) infants of all nationalities were enrolled...
May 9, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724233/baby-led-weaning-what-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-adds-on
#4
REVIEW
Enza D'Auria, Marcello Bergamini, Annamaria Staiano, Giuseppe Banderali, Erica Pendezza, Francesca Penagini, Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti, Diego Giampietro Peroni
The term weaning describes the time period in which a progressive reduction of breastfeeding or the feeding of infant-formula takes place while the infant is gradually introduced to solid foods. It is a crucial time in an infant's life as not only does it involve with a great deal of rapid change for the child, but it is also associated with the development of food preferences, eating behaviours and body weight in childhood and also in adolescence and adulthood.Therefore, how a child is weaned may have an influence later, on the individual's entire life...
May 3, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702618/glucose-gel-as-a-potential-alternative-treatment-to-infant-formula-for-neonatal-hypoglycaemia-in-australia
#5
Raenee L Barber, Amy E Ekin, Pushparani Sivakumar, Kay Howard, Therese A O'Sullivan
Infant formula is often used as a treatment for neonatal hypoglycaemia in Australia; however, there are concerns that this may jeopardise mother-baby bonding and breastfeeding. Successful use of glucose gel as an alternative treatment for hypoglycaemia has been reported. We wanted to investigate in a pilot study whether the use of glucose gel has the potential to quickly and safely restore normoglycaemia in the infants of diabetic mothers in an Australian setting. Infants with asymptomatic hypoglycaemia were treated with glucose gel ( n = 36) and compared to a historical group of infants which had been treated with infant formula ( n = 24)...
April 27, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696704/fetal-medicine-foundation-fetal-and-neonatal-population-weight-charts
#6
K H Nicolaides, D Wright, A Syngelaki, A Wright, R Akolekar
OBJECTIVE: To develop fetal and neonatal population weight charts. The rationale for this objective is that while reference ranges of estimated fetal weight (EFW) are representative of the whole population, the traditional approach of deriving birth-weight (BW) charts is misleading because a high proportion of babies born preterm arises from pathological pregnancies. We propose that the reference population for BW charts, as in the case of EFW charts, should be all babies at a given gestational age including those still in utero...
April 26, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674313/key-lessons-and-impact-of-the-growing-healthy-mhealth-program-on-milk-feeding-timing-of-introduction-of-solids-and-infant-growth-quasi-experimental-study
#7
Rachel A Laws, Elizabeth A Denney-Wilson, Sarah Taki, Catherine G Russell, Miaobing Zheng, Eloise-Kate Litterbach, Kok-Leong Ong, Sharyn J Lymer, Rosalind Elliott, Karen J Campbell
BACKGROUND: The first year of life is an important window to initiate healthy infant feeding practices to promote healthy growth. Interventions delivered by mobile phone (mHealth) provide a novel approach for reaching parents; however, little is known about the effectiveness of mHealth for child obesity prevention. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of an mHealth obesity prevention intervention in terms of reach, acceptability, and impact on key infant feeding outcomes...
April 19, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658706/differences-in-the-triacylglycerol-and-fatty-acid-compositions-of-human-colostrum-and-mature-milk
#8
Pu Zhao, Shuwen Zhang, Lu Liu, Xiaoyang Pang, Yang Yang, Jing Lu, Jiaping Lv
Human colostrum is important for immune system development and plays a protective role for infants. However, the comprehensive exploration of lipids, which account for 3-5% of milk, and their biological functions in human colostrum was limited. In present study, the triacylglycerol (TAG) and fatty acid (FA) compositions of human colostrum and mature milk were analyzed and compared. Variations were observed in both the TAG and FA compositions. The concentrations of 18:1/18:1/16:0 TAG, high-molecular-weight and unsaturated TAGs were significantly higher in colostrum, whereas mature milk contained more low/medium-molecular-weight TAGs and medium-chain FAs...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611251/ultrasonographic-estimation-of-fetal-weight-development-of-new-model-and-assessment-of-performance-of-previous-models
#9
Aymen Hammami, Alicia Mazer Zumaeta, Argyro Syngelaki, Ranjit Akolekar, Kypros H Nicolaides
OBJECTIVE: To develop a new formula for ultrasonographic estimation of fetal weight (EFW) and evaluate the accuracy of this and all previous formulas in the prediction of birthweight. METHODS: The study population consisted of 5,163 singleton pregnancies with fetal biometry at 22-43 weeks' gestation and livebirth of phenotypically normal neonates within 2 days of the ultrasound examination. Multivariable fractional polynomial analysis was used to determine the combination of variables that provided the best-fitting models for EFW...
April 2, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595995/barriers-and-facilitators-of-breastfeeding-reported-by-postpartum-women-in-methadone-maintenance-therapy
#10
Jennifer Hicks, Elizabeth Morse, David K Wyant
INTRODUCTION: This study utilized a cross-sectional qualitative and quantitative interview-based survey to capture the infant feeding practices and barriers to exclusive breastfeeding for women in methadone maintenance therapy. Participants were recruited from an opioid dependence treatment center in an urban setting in the Southeastern United States. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A convenience sample of women in treatment (n = 30) were interviewed using an adapted instrument designed to capture decisions and intentions to formula feed or breastfeed; support from friends and family; hospital experience; support from healthcare personnel; and maternal knowledge of breastfeeding while taking methadone...
March 29, 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553946/effective-communication-strategies-for-nurses-to-discuss-infant-feeding-with-new-mothers-during-postpartum-hospitalization
#11
Rainey Banick Wood
During prenatal care and postpartum hospitalization, nurses have an important role in assisting new mothers to make informed decisions about feeding their newborn infants. There is overwhelming evidence that breastfeeding is beneficial for most new mothers and babies; therefore, perinatal nurses encourage breastfeeding. Newborn infant feeding conversations with women who have chosen to formula feed may be complicated and may cause tension in the nurse-patient relationship. Despite this po tential difficulty, these conversations are essential to establish a feeding plan for the newborn infant and to promote healthy outcomes for mothers and babies...
March 16, 2018: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549507/simultaneous-determination-of-organophosphorus-pesticides-and-phthalates-in-baby-food-samples-by-ultrasound-vortex-assisted-liquid-liquid-microextraction-and-gc-it-ms
#12
Ivan Notardonato, Elisabetta Salimei, Mario Vincenzo Russo, Pasquale Avino
Baby foods are either a soft, liquid paste or an easily chewed food since babies lack developed muscles and teeth to chew effectively. Babies typically move to consuming baby food once nursing or formula is not sufficient for the child's appetite. Some commercial baby foods have been criticized for their contents. This article focuses on the simultaneous determination of organophosphorus pesticides and phthalates by means of a method based on ultrasound-vortex-assisted liquid-liquid microextraction coupled with gas chromatography-ion trap mass spectrometry (GC-IT/MS)...
May 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547434/in-utero-exposure-to-antiretrovirals-and-neurodevelopment-among-hiv-exposed-uninfected-children-in-botswana
#13
Sumona Chaudhury, Gloria K Mayondi, Paige L Williams, Jean Leidner, Roger Shapiro, Modiegi Diseko, Gbolahan Ajibola, Penny Holding, Vicki Tepper, Joseph Makhema, Chipo Petlo, George R Seage, Shahin Lockman, Betsy Kammerer
OBJECTIVE: Conflicting data exist regarding the impact of in-utero exposure to maternal combination antiretrovirals. We compared neurodevelopmental outcomes between HIV-exposed-uninfected (HEU) children exposed in utero to three-drug combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) vs. zidovudine (ZDV) monotherapy. DESIGN: Prospective study of child neurodevelopment, nested within two cohorts of HIV-infected mothers and their children in Botswana (one observational, one interventional)...
June 1, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513880/association-between-type-of-feeding-at-discharge-from-the-hospital-and-nutritional-status-of-very-low-birth-weight-preterm-infants
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
F P Martins-Celini, W A Gonçalves-Ferri, D C Aragon, J P Bernichi, C Calixto, E M F Sacramento, M A Santos, F E Martinez
The ideal feeding for premature babies has been the source of extensive debate. The aim of this study was to assess the association between type of feeding at discharge and the nutritional status of very low birth weight infants. This was a retrospective cohort of preterm babies with birth weight ≤1500 g, born between January 2006 and December 2013. The infants were divided into 3 groups according to type of feeding at discharge: exclusive breast milk (group 1), mixed feeding (group 2) and exclusive artificial formula (group 3)...
January 23, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510562/modifiable-predictors-of-zinc-status-in-toddlers
#15
Lisa Daniels, Sheila M Williams, Rosalind S Gibson, Rachael W Taylor, Samir Samman, Anne-Louise M Heath
Suboptimal zinc status is common in very young children and likely associated with increased risk of infection and detrimental effects on growth. No studies have determined potentially modifiable "predictors" of zinc status in toddlers from high-income countries. This cross-sectional analysis of 115 toddlers from the Baby-Led Introduction to SolidS (BLISS) study used weighed diet records (three non-consecutive days) to assess dietary intake, and a venous blood sample (trace-element free techniques) to assess plasma zinc, at 12 months of age...
March 5, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502383/nutritional-management-of-preterm-newborn-after-hospital-discharge-energy-and-nutrients
#16
Elisabetta Villa, Roberta Barachetti, Mario Barbarini
Preterm infants are at risk for poor growth while in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) and after discharge from the NICU. The main objective is to reach the body composition and rate of growth of a normal fetus/infant of the same post-menstrual age during the first entire year of life. In case of human milk, the limited data do not provide convincing evidence that feeding preterm infants after discharge with multi-nutrient fortified human milk, compared with unfortified, affects important outcomes including growth rates during infancy...
December 22, 2017: La Pediatria Medica e Chirurgica: Medical and Surgical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494498/comparison-of-growth-of-healthy-term-infants-fed-extensively-hydrolyzed-protein-and-amino-acid-based-infant-formulas
#17
REVIEW
Marlene W Borschel, Geraldine E Baggs, Jeffery S Oliver
The aim of this narrative review was to assess published growth data for healthy, term, infants consuming extensively hydrolyzed protein-based (EHF), or amino acid-based formulas (AAF). These data may be of use to clinicians managing infants with medical conditions consuming these products. A search was conducted using key terms: amino acid-based, hydrolysate, hydrolyzed, hydrolysed, infant formula, infant formulae or formulas, baby formula, or formulae or formulas, infant, infants, infantile, and growth. Seven controlled, randomized, prospective growth trials of healthy term infants fed EHFs or AAFs at similar time points during the first four months of age met these and other criteria, including that the trial was published in a peer-reviewed journal, subjects were enrolled by ≤14 days of age and were exclusively formula-fed at entry and throughout the duration of the trial, and infants were assessed at regular intervals with weight measures available ideally at 14 days, one, two, three, and four months of age...
March 1, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490584/co-occurrence-of-mycotoxins-in-commercial-formula-milk-and-cereal-based-baby-food-in-qatar
#18
Zahoor Ul Hassan, Roda Al Thani, Fathy A Atia, Saeed Al Meer, Quirico Migheli, Samir Jaoua
The present study was conducted to explore the occurrence of mycotoxins in commercial baby foods in Doha-Qatar. LCMS/MS- and HPLC-based analysis of baby food (n=67) for 12 mycotoxins, confirmed the presence of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1, 33%), ochratoxin A (OTA, 31%), deoxynivalenol (DON, 27%), aflatoxin B1 (AFB1, 22%), fumonisin B2 (FB2, 10%), zearalenone (ZEN, 4%) and T-2 toxin (2%). Noodles exhibited the maximum contamination percentage, with 33% of the samples being contaminated above the EU maximum limits, for at least one mycotoxin...
February 28, 2018: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part B, Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489390/baby-friendly-practices-minimize-newborn-infants-weight-loss
#19
Diane Procaccini, Ann L Cupp Curley, Martha Goldman
INTRODUCTION: It is accepted that newborns lose weight in the first few days of life. Baby-Friendly practices that support breastfeeding may affect newborn weight loss. The objective of this study were: 1) To determine whether Baby-Friendly practices are associated with term newborn weight loss day 0-2 in three feeding categories (exclusively breastfed, mixed formula fed and breastfed, and formula fed). 2) To determine whether Baby-Friendly practices increase exclusive breast feeding rates in different ethnic populations...
April 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411721/effect-of-a-galactagogue-herbal-tea-on-breast-milk-production-and-prolactin-secretion-by-mothers-of-preterm-babies
#20
E Özalkaya, Z Aslandoğdu, A Özkoral, S Topcuoğlu, G Karatekin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Poor breast milk production is the most frequent cause of breastfeeding failure in preterm babies. The aim of our study is to evaluate the effect of herbal tea mixture containing stinging nettle (Natal, Hipp) on breast milk production and serum prolactin levels of mothers, and weight gain of preterm babies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled mothers and their babies who were less than 37 gestational week and less than 2000 g, fed with orogastric tube without any contraindication of enteral feeding in neonatal intensive care unit between November 2010 and June 2011...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
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