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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880002/life-satisfaction-among-elderly-patients-in-nepal-associations-with-nutritional-and-mental-well-being
#1
Saruna Ghimire, Binaya Kumar Baral, Isha Karmacharya, Karen Callahan, Shiva Raj Mishra
BACKGROUND: Nepal's demography is aging rapidly, yet few studies to date have examined how this has affected the health and well-being of the elderly, defined as those above 60 years in Nepal's Senior Citizen Act (2006). Our study, abbreviated NepEldQOLII, aims to assess perceived life satisfaction, and evaluate its relationship with nutritional health and mental well-being among the burgeoning Nepalese elderly population. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey among 289 Nepalese elderly, aged ≥60 years, attending an outpatient clinic of a hospital in Kathmandu, Nepal was conducted...
June 7, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29848114/book-review-tests-measurement-for-people-who-think-they-hate-tests-measurement-salkind-n-j-2017-tests-measurement-for-people-who-think-they-hate-tests-measurement-3rd-ed-los-angeles-ca-sage-isbn-9781506368382-1506368387
#2
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770367/engaging-religious-leaders-to-support-hiv-prevention-and-care-for-gays-bisexual-men-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-coastal-kenya
#3
Evans Gichuru, Bernadette Kombo, Noni Mumba, Salla Sariola, Eduard J Sanders, Elise M van der Elst
In Kenyan communities, religious leaders are important gatekeepers in matters of health and public morality. In a context that is generally homophobic, religious leaders may aggravate or reduce stigmatization of sexual minorities such as gay and bisexual men, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM). Literature indicates mixed results in efforts to encourage religious leaders to work effectively and sensitively with issues regarding HIV and sexuality. This paper describes the implementation of an engagement intervention with religious leaders from different denominations, which took place following a homophobic hate attack that was led by local religious leaders, at an HIV research clinic for GBMSM on the Kenyan coast...
2018: Critical Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766757/a-comparison-of-juror-decision-making-in-race-based-and-sexual-orientation-based-hate-crime-cases
#4
Bradlee W Gamblin, Andre Kehn, Karen Vanderzanden, Joelle C Ruthig, Kelly M Jones, Brittney L Long
Several constructs have been identified as relevant to the juror decision-making process in hate crime cases. However, there is a lack of research on the relationships between these constructs and their variable influence across victim group. The purpose of the current study was to reexamine factors relevant to the juror decision-making process in hate crime cases within a structural model, and across victim group, to gauge the relative strength and explanatory power of various predictors. In the current study, 313 participants sentenced a perpetrator found guilty of a hate crime committed against either a Black man or a gay man; participants also responded to individual difference measures relevant to mock juror hate crime decision making, including prejudice toward the victim's social group...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754115/delusional-misidentifications-in-a-procrustean-bed
#5
EDITORIAL
G N Christodoulou, M Margariti, N Christodoulou
The Delusional Misidentification Syndromes (DMSs) are characterized by defective integration of the normally The Delusional Misidentification Syndromes (DMSs) are characterized by defective integration of the normally fused functions of perception and recognition. The classical sub-types are: the syndromes of Capgras, Fregoli,Intermetamorphosis (mentioned in 3) and Subjective doubles. These syndromes occur in a clear sensorium and shouldbe differentiated from the banal transient misidentifications occurring in confusional states and in mania and from thenon-delusional misidentifications (e...
January 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732933/challenges-imposed-by-hypoglycemia-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#6
Pamela Martyn-Nemeth, Jennifer Duffecy, Cynthia Fritschi, Laurie Quinn
Little is known regarding how hypoglycemia and associated fears influence day-to-day life among adults with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) who use contemporary diabetes management strategies. To address this gap, we performed an exploratory qualitative study with five focus groups of 30 people aged 20 to 57 years with T1DM. Sessions were audiotaped and transcribed, and then analyzed. Eight themes emerged: (a) hypoglycemic worry, (b) unpredictability and loss of control, (c) contending with life stress, (d) exercise benefits and challenges, (e) a changed relationship with food, (f) sleep fears, (g) a love/hate relationship with technology, and (h) coping strategies to make it better...
May 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724613/perceptions-of-singaporean-patients-living-with-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-an-exploratory-qualitative-study
#7
Sim Leng Ooi, Betsy Seah, Vivien Xi Wu, Karen Wei Ling Koh, Nana Jiao, Hong-Gu He, Wenru Wang
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing use of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) as a preventive approach for high-risk patients with arrhythmias, little is known about the perceptions of ICD recipients regarding these devices and their impact on quality of life. OBJECTIVES: To explore perceptions towards quality of life, coping strategies, and learning needs of patients living with ICDs in Singapore. METHODS: 16 participants (age ranges 52 to 84 years old) were purposively recruited and interviewed individually for this exploratory qualitative study...
April 30, 2018: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716456/who-decides-what-is-acceptable-speech-on-campus-why-restricting-free-speech-is-not-the-answer
#8
Stephen J Ceci, Wendy M Williams
Recent protests on dozens of campuses have led to the cancellation of controversial talks, and violence has accompanied several of these protests. Psychological science provides an important lens through which to view, understand, and potentially reduce these conflicts. In this article, we frame opposing sides' arguments within a long-standing corpus of psychological research on selective perception, confirmation bias, myside bias, illusion of understanding, blind-spot bias, groupthink/in-group bias, motivated skepticism, and naive realism...
May 2018: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708860/why-hate-the-good-guy-antisocial-punishment-of-high-cooperators-is-greater-when-people-compete-to-be-chosen
#9
Aleta Pleasant, Pat Barclay
When choosing social partners, people prefer good cooperators (all else being equal). Given this preference, people wishing to be chosen can either increase their own cooperation to become more desirable or suppress others' cooperation to make them less desirable. Previous research shows that very cooperative people sometimes get punished ("antisocial punishment") or criticized ("do-gooder derogation") in many cultures. Here, we used a public-goods game with punishment to test whether antisocial punishment is used as a means of competing to be chosen by suppressing others' cooperation...
April 1, 2018: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699429/book-review-tests-measurement-for-people-who-think-they-hate-tests-measurement-salkind-n-j-2017-tests-measurement-for-people-who-think-they-hate-tests-measurement-3rd-ed-los-angeles-ca-sage-isbn-9781506368382-1506368387
#10
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698108/capsaicin-based-analgesic-balm-attenuates-the-skeletal-muscle-metaboreflex-in-healthy-humans
#11
Lauro C Vianna, Igor A Fernandes, Thales C Barbosa, André L Teixeira, Antonio Claudio Lucas da Nóbrega
The exercise pressor reflex (EPR) is comprised from group III and IV skeletal muscle afferents and is one of the principal mediators of the cardiovascular response to exercise. In animals, capsaicin-based analgesic balm (CAP) attenuates the pressor response to muscle contraction, indicating the transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPv1) receptor (localized on the group IV afferent neuron) as an important mediator of the EPR. However, whether these findings can be extrapolated to humans remain unknown...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693478/psychoeducation-against-depression-anxiety-alexithymia-and-fibromyalgia-a-pilot-study-in-primary-care-for-patients-on-sick-leave
#12
Eva O Melin, Ralph Svensson, Hans O Thulesius
OBJECTIVES: Feasibility testing of a psychoeducational method -The Affect School and Script Analyses (ASSA) - in a Swedish primary care setting. Exploring associations between psychological, and medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS). DESIGN: Pilot study. SETTING: Three Swedish primary care centers serving 20,000 people. INTERVENTION: 8 weekly 2-hour sessions with a 5-7 participant group led by two instructors - followed by 10 individual hour-long sessions...
June 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672152/islamophobia-health-and-public-health-a-systematic-literature-review
#13
Goleen Samari, Héctor E Alcalá, Mienah Zulfacar Sharif
BACKGROUND: In 2017, a "Muslim ban" on immigrants to the United States was coupled with a continued rise in Islamophobia and hate crimes toward Muslims. Islamophobia undermines health equity, yet delineating the effects of Islamophobia globally is challenging as it affects a myriad of groups (geographically, racially, and socially). Additionally, stereotypes equate all Muslims with populations from the Middle East and South Asia. To date, health research pays insufficient attention to Islamophobia, Muslims, and those racialized to be Muslim...
June 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656088/-ne-nnipadua-mmpe-the-body-hates-it-exploring-the-lived-experience-of-food-allergy-in-sub-saharan-africa
#14
George A Atiim, Susan J Elliott, Ann E Clarke
Allergic diseases have closely followed the rise of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) especially in western societies. As prevalence of NCD is increasing in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), researchers are hinting that the same future may hold for (food) allergic disease in this world region. Already, researchers are beginning to record prevalence, though with little attention to the social experience of individuals and parents with food allergic children. This paper presents the first qualitative analysis of the daily realities of adults and parents of children with allergies in SSA using Ghana as a case study...
May 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643372/good-and-bad-love-and-intimacy-from-plato-to-melanie-klein
#15
David Stromberg
Melanie Klein's theories on love outline a complex system of relations-an oscillating dynamic of psychical and emotional tendencies following from both actual experience and fantasies produced by the mind. Her insights are often discussed and applied in psychoanalytical contexts, but the philosophical implications of her theory-especially in relation to Platonic thought-have rarely been discussed. In this article, I will attempt to address this gap by setting out some preliminary yet core considerations shared by both Plato and Klein...
June 2018: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609679/hate-crime-victimization-data-in-pennsylvania-a-useful-complement-to-the-uniform-crime-reports
#16
R Barry Ruback, Andrew S Gladfelter, Brendan Lantz
Data on the incidence and prevalence of hate crimes in the United States come primarily from the Uniform Crime Reports (UCR). Although UCR data undercount most crimes, hate crimes are particularly underreported, especially for some groups. We compare 2000-2011 UCR data in Pennsylvania to data from a state agency that came from police, media, and citizen reports. First, we find that the state-agency database is generally consistent with the UCR data, in terms of absolute counts, correlations, and predictors...
April 1, 2018: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601291/on-hate-crime-victimization-rates-types-and-links-with-suicide-risk-among-sexual-orientation-minority-special-interest-group-members
#17
Robert J Cramer, Susan Wright, Molly M Long, Nestor D Kapusta, Matt R Nobles, Tess M Gemberling, Hayley J Wechsler
Hate crimes remain pressing traumatic events for sexual orientation minority adults. Previous literature documents patterns in which hate crime victimization is associated with elevated risk for poor mental health. The present paper held 2 aims to advance literature. First, we investigated the rates and types of hate crime victimization among sexual orientation minority adults. Second, adopting a mental health amplification risk model, we evaluated whether symptoms of depression, impulsivity, or post-traumatic stress exacerbated the hate crime victimization-suicide risk link...
July 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551154/-when-the-trap-closes-in
#18
Anne L
The poignant testimony of Anne L. illustrates perfectly how the spiral of an abuser's hold closes around the victim. She describes how she met Charles and how their relationship, between passionate love and hate, hope and disillusion, progressed from psychological war to beatings, resulting in absolute domination. Supported today by a specialised network, even though she has managed to leave him, many questions remain for this victim and her scars are far from healed.
March 2018: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535648/somatic-experiencing-%C3%A2-informed-therapeutic-group-for-the-care-and-treatment-of-biopsychosocial-effects-upon-a-gender-diverse-identity
#19
Paul C Briggs, Sage Hayes, Michael Changaris
Background: Somatic Experiencing® (SE™) is a resiliency-based treatment for autonomic nervous systems dysregulation syndromes, such as posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety, depression, and physical syndromes like chronic pain, migraines, and fibromyalgia. "Transgender/gender non-conforming/gender variant" describes people whose gender identity/expression is different, at least part of the time, from the sex assigned at birth. Research indicates transgender individuals have a higher incidence of depression, anxiety, victimization, and discrimination...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518360/trem2-and-amyloid-beta-a-love-hate-relationship
#20
Joe Udeochu, Faten A Sayed, Li Gan
Mutations in TREM2 increase risk for late-onset AD. In this issue of Neuron, Zhao et al. (2018) show that TREM2 binds Aβ to enhance its clearance and Lee et al. (2018) demonstrate that human TREM2 expression in AD mice ameliorates Aβ-associated deficits.
March 7, 2018: Neuron
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