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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886725/when-love-meets-hate-the-relationship-between-state-policies-on-gay-and-lesbian-rights-and-hate-crime-incidence
#1
Brian L Levy, Denise L Levy
Do public policies on gay and lesbian rights affect the incidence of hate crimes based on sexual orientation? We propose that legal inequalities increase hate crimes because they provide discursive opportunities for bias, discrimination, and violence. Legal equality, however, will reduce violence. Using annual panel data from 2000 to 2012, a period of substantial policy change, we analyze how three state policies affect reported hate crimes: same-sex partnerships, employment non-discrimination, and hate crime laws...
January 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863224/the-good-and-bad-of-rna-dna-hybrids-in-double-strand-break-repair
#2
Brian S Plosky
Transcription and genome stability have somewhat of a love-hate relationship. In a recent issue of Cell, Ohle et al. (2016) demonstrate a previously unappreciated mechanism by which transcription and RNA contribute to genome stability.
November 17, 2016: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859180/infantile-anorexia-co-excitation-and-co-mastery-in-the-parent-baby-cathexis-the-contribution-of-sigmund-and-anna-freud
#3
Thomas Cascales
Recent epidemiological studies show that 2% of babies in ordinary paediatric clinics suffer from infantile anorexia. In the first part of this paper we present a case study from our hospital clinical activity. Our framework combines clinical psychoanalytic sessions and perinatal videos. In the second part, we will focus on the concepts of instinct and excitation proposed by Sigmund Freud and the concept of mastery proposed by Anna Freud. In the third part, we will examine these concepts in the light of the case study...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842971/application-of-ich-q9-quality-risk-management-tools-for-advanced-development-of-hot-melt-coated-multiparticulate-systems
#4
Elena Stocker, Karin Becker, Siddhi Hate, Roland Hohl, Wolfgang Schiemenz, Stephan Sacher, Andreas Zimmer, Sharareh Salar-Behzadi
This study aimed to apply quality risk management based on the The International Conference on Harmonisation guideline Q9 for the early development stage of hot melt coated multiparticulate systems for oral administration. N-acetylcysteine crystals were coated with a formulation composing tripalmitin and polysorbate 65. The critical quality attributes (CQAs) were initially prioritized using failure mode and effects analysis. The CQAs of the coated material were defined as particle size, taste-masking efficiency, and immediate release profile...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802271/civility-vs-incivility-in-online-social-interactions-an-evolutionary-approach
#5
Angelo Antoci, Alexia Delfino, Fabio Paglieri, Fabrizio Panebianco, Fabio Sabatini
Evidence is growing that forms of incivility-e.g. aggressive and disrespectful behaviors, harassment, hate speech and outrageous claims-are spreading in the population of social networking sites' (SNS) users. Online social networks such as Facebook allow users to regularly interact with known and unknown others, who can behave either politely or rudely. This leads individuals not only to learn and adopt successful strategies for using the site, but also to condition their own behavior on that of others. Using a mean field approach, we define anevolutionary game framework to analyse the dynamics of civil and uncivil ways of interaction in online social networks and their consequences for collective welfare...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783635/estimating-client-out-of-pocket-costs-for-accessing-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-in-south-africa
#6
Michel Tchuenche, Vibhuti Haté, Dacia McPherson, Eurica Palmer, Ananthy Thambinayagam, Dayanund Loykissoonlal, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Steven Forsythe
In 2010, South Africa launched a countrywide effort to scale up its voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) program on the basis of compelling evidence that circumcision reduces men's risk of acquiring HIV through heterosexual intercourse. Even though VMMC is free there, clients can incur indirect out-of-pocket costs (for example transportation cost or foregone income). Because these costs can be barriers to increasing the uptake of VMMC services, we assessed them from a client perspective, to inform VMMC demand creation policies...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783612/the-cost-of-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-in-south-africa
#7
Michel Tchuenche, Eurica Palmer, Vibhuti Haté, Ananthy Thambinayagam, Dayanund Loykissoonlal, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Steven Forsythe
Given compelling evidence associating voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) with men's reduced HIV acquisition through heterosexual intercourse, South Africa in 2010 began scaling up VMMC. To project the resources needed to complete 4.3 million circumcisions between 2010 and 2016, we (1) estimated the unit cost to provide VMMC; (2) assessed cost drivers and cost variances across eight provinces and VMMC service delivery modes; and (3) evaluated the costs associated with mobilize and motivate men and boys to access VMMC services...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774242/a-valid-question-could-hate-speech-condition-bias-in-the-brain
#8
Gail B Murrow, Richard Murrow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Law and the Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774239/dehumanization-its-operations-and-its-origins
#9
Robert Mark Simpson
Murrow and Murrow offer a novel account of dehumanization, by synthesizing data which suggest that where subject S has a dehumanized view of group G, S's neural mechanisms of empathy show a dampened response to the suffering of members of G, and S's judgments about the humanity of members of G are largely non-conscious. Here I examine Murrow and Murrow's suggestions about how identity-based hate speech bears responsibility for dehumanization in the first place. I identify a distinction between (i) accounts of the nature of the harm effected by identity prejudice, and (ii) accounts of how hate speech contributes to the harms of identity prejudice...
April 2016: Journal of Law and the Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774238/hate-speech-volition-and-neurology
#10
Alexandra B Roginsky, Alexander Tsesis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Law and the Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693942/psych-verbs-the-linking-problem-and-the-acquisition-of-language
#11
Joshua K Hartshorne, Timothy J O'Donnell, Yasutada Sudo, Miki Uruwashi, Miseon Lee, Jesse Snedeker
In acquiring language, children must learn to appropriately place the different participants of an event (e.g., causal agent, affected entity) into the correct syntactic positions (e.g., subject, object) so that listeners will know who did what to whom. While many of these mappings can be characterized by broad generalizations, both within and across languages (e.g., semantic agents tend to be mapped onto syntactic subjects), not all verbs fit neatly into these generalizations. One particularly striking example is verbs of psychological state: The experiencer of the state can appear as either the subject (Agnes fears/hates/loves Bartholomew) or the direct object (Agnes frightens/angers/delights Bartholomew)...
December 2016: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686877/-many-die-in-the-hurricane-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-of-adults-with-psychosis-and-a-history-of-childhood-physical-abuse
#12
J E Rhodes, L J Healey
The study aimed to investigate the experience of adults with a diagnosis of psychosis and who have survived childhood physical abuse. We interviewed eight participants and used interpretative phenomenological analysis to generate themes. The main themes were of perceiving an everyday world of aggression and contempt by others, pervasive mistrust, feeling isolated and for some, attacking oneself with hate. Most participants were also able to reflect on what they saw as 'paranoia' or 'voices'. Paranoia was described as a fluctuating compulsive 'thread' of meaning, feeling and sometimes a transformation of the self...
September 29, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659565/women-and-calcium-a-love-hate-relationship-at-the-center-of-the-heart
#13
EDITORIAL
Cindy L Grines, Kimberly A Skelding
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648502/constant-observation-of-suicidal-patients-the-intervention-we-love-to-hate
#14
Mark J Russ
Constant observation (CO) of psychiatric inpatients at risk for suicidal behavior has been criticized in the literature because of the absence of demonstrable effectiveness, associated costs, staff and patient acceptance, and related issues. Our inability to demonstrate effectiveness, however, is an ethical conundrum that cannot readily be solved. Frequent and often vociferous references in the literature to the absence of an evidence base for this intervention carries the risk that CO may be underutilized in particular clinical circumstances with untoward results...
September 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611999/-re-visualizing-black-lesbian-lives-trans-masculinity-and-township-space-in-the-documentary-work-of-zanele-muholi
#15
Z'étoile Imma
This article explores the politics of representing Black queer and trans subjectivities in the recent documentary film and photography of South African lesbian visual activist Zanele Muholi. While Muholi's work has been most often been positioned as an artistic response to the hate-crimes and violence perpetuated against Black lesbians in South African townships, most notably acts of sexual violence known increasingly as corrective rape, I argue that Muholi's documentary texts trouble the spatial, gendered, and highly racialized articulations that make up an increasingly global corrective rape discourse...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605444/from-physics-to-cancer-biology-and-everywhere-in-between
#16
Paramita M Ghosh
Extract: My father was a Professor of Physics at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kharagpur, a world renowned engineering school in Eastern India that has produced many famous scientists, engineers and entrepreneurs. Growing up on IIT campus, I felt that the only subjects people studied were either engineering or one of the physical sciences. My mother, who had a degree in nutrition, never worked outside the home -there were no opportunities for individuals with her background. Sure, there were doctors elsewhere in my world - my father's brother was a pediatrician and both my mother's brother and her father were surgeons; but in my high school, biological sciences were for those who hated math...
September 7, 2016: Endocrine-related Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562414/intergroup-competition-may-not-be-needed-for-shaping-group-cooperation-and-cultural-group-selection
#17
COMMENT
Carsten K W De Dreu, Daniel Balliet
Because intergroup interactions often are mixed-motive rather than strictly zero-sum, groups often negotiate settlements that enable both cultures to thrive. Moreover, group prosperity rests on in-group love (rather than out-group hate) that emerges also absent intergroup competition or comparison. It follows that cultural group selection (CGS) reflects group effectiveness in organizing in-group trust and cooperation, rather than winning (in)direct intergroup competitions.
January 2016: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543939/negative-hallucinations-dreams-and-hallucinations-the-framing-structure-and-its-representation-in-the-analytic-setting
#18
Rosine Jozef Perelberg
This paper explores the meaning of a patient's hallucinatory experiences in the course of a five times a week analysis. I will locate my understanding within the context of André Green's ideas on the role of the framing structure and the negative hallucination in the structuring of the mind. The understanding of the transference and countertransference was crucial in the creation of meaning and enabling the transformations that took place in the analytic process. Through a detailed analysis of a clinical example the author examines Bion's distinction between hysterical hallucinations and psychotic hallucinations and formulates her own hypothesis about the distinctions between the two...
August 20, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484839/a-validation-study-of-the-need-for-affect-questionnaire-short-form-in-legal-contexts
#19
Robert J Cramer, Amy L Wevodau, Brett O Gardner, Claire N Bryson
We evaluated the psychometric properties of scores on the Need for Affect-Short Form (NAQ-S) in 3 samples: undergraduate students (Sample I), jury-eligible community members (Sample II), and forensic clinicians (Sample III). Concerning factor structure, the NAQ-S 2-factor structure displayed good fit to the data in Sample I, with mostly acceptable levels of internal consistency for both approach and avoidance scores. Construct validity patterns were observed such that approach scores were most strongly correlated with female gender and trait agreeableness scores, whereas avoidance scores were most strongly correlated to trait agreeableness scores...
August 2, 2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27470248/-love-to-hate-pesticides-felicity-or-curse-for-the-soil-microbial-community-an-fp7-iapp-marie-curie-project-aiming-to-establish-tools-for-the-assessment-of-the-mechanisms-controlling-the-interactions-of-pesticides-with-soil-microorganisms
#20
D G Karpouzas, G Tsiamis, M Trevisan, F Ferrari, C Malandain, O Sibourg, F Martin-Laurent
Pesticides end up in soil where they interact with soil microorganisms in various ways. On the Yin Side of the interaction, pesticides could exert toxicity on soil microorganisms, while on the Yang side of interaction, pesticides could be used as energy source by a fraction of the soil microbial community. The LOVE TO HATE project is an IAPP Marie Curie project which aims to study these complex interactions of pesticides with soil microorganisms and provide novel tools which will be useful both for pesticide regulatory purposes and agricultural use...
September 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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