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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195230/when-stem-cells-meet-graphene-opportunities-and-challenges-in-regenerative-medicine
#1
REVIEW
Kenry, Wong Cheng Lee, Kian Ping Loh, Chwee Teck Lim
Recent advances in stem cell research and nanotechnology have significantly influenced the landscape of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Precise and reproducible control of the fate of stem cells and their lineage specification have, therefore, become more crucial than ever for the success of stem cell-based technologies. Extensive research has been geared towards developing materials that are capable of mimicking the physiological microenvironment of stem cells and at the same time, controlling their eventual fate...
October 4, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164180/you-can-t-burn-the-house-down-because-of-one-bedbug-a-qualitative-study-of-changing-gender-norms-in-the-prevention-of-violence-against-women-and-girls-in-an-urban-informal-settlement-in-india
#2
Nayreen Daruwalla, Ketaki Hate, Preethi Pinto, Gauri Ambavkar, Bhaskar Kakad, David Osrin
Background: The contribution of structural inequalities and societal legitimisation to violence against women, which 30% of women in India survive each year, is widely accepted. There is a consensus that interventions should aim to change gender norms, particularly through community mobilisation. How this should be done is less clear. Methods: We did a qualitative study in a large informal settlement in Mumbai, an environment that characterises 41% of households. After reviewing the anonymised records of consultations with 1653 survivors of violence, we conducted 5 focus group discussions and 13 individual interviews with 71 women and men representing a range of age groups and communities...
2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159198/perceptions-of-safety-among-lgbtq-people-following-the-2016-pulse-nightclub-shooting
#3
Christopher B Stults, Sandra A Kupprat, Kristen D Krause, Farzana Kapadia, Perry N Halkitis
The goals of this manuscript are two-fold. First, we provide a brief reaction to this journal's "Special Section: Reflections on the Orlando Massacre on its First Anniversary." Second, we present findings from a study on perceptions of safety among LGBTQ individuals following the Pulse shooting. These issues are discussed within the historical context of hate crimes experienced by the LGBTQ population (Herek), media coverage following the shooting (Hancock & Halderman), and the immediate reaction of LGBTQ graduate students to the event (Jackson)...
September 2017: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122020/from-disgust-to-contempt-speech-the-nature-of-contempt-on-the-map-of-prejudicial-emotions
#4
Michal Bilewicz, Olga Katarzyna Kamińska, Mikołaj Winiewski, Wiktor Soral
Analyzing the contempt as an intergroup emotion, we suggest that contempt and anger are not built upon each other, whereas disgust seems to be the most elementary and specific basic-emotional antecedent of contempt. Concurring with Gervais & Fessler, we suggest that many instances of "hate speech" are in fact instances of "contempt speech" - being based on disgust-driven contempt rather than hate.
January 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094365/exposure-to-hate-speech-increases-prejudice-through-desensitization
#5
Wiktor Soral, Michał Bilewicz, Mikołaj Winiewski
In three studies (two representative nationwide surveys, N = 1,007, N = 682; and one experimental, N = 76) we explored the effects of exposure to hate speech on outgroup prejudice. Following the General Aggression Model, we suggest that frequent and repetitive exposure to hate speech leads to desensitization to this form of verbal violence and subsequently to lower evaluations of the victims and greater distancing, thus increasing outgroup prejudice. In the first survey study, we found that lower sensitivity to hate speech was a positive mediator of the relationship between frequent exposure to hate speech and outgroup prejudice...
November 2, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985676/absorptive-dissolution-testing-of-supersaturating-systems-impact-of-absorptive-sink-conditions-on-solution-phase-behavior-and-mass-transport
#6
Siddhi S Hate, Susan M Reutzel-Edens, Lynne S Taylor
One of the most commonly used formulation development tools is dissolution testing. However, for solubility enhancing formulations, a simple closed compartment conventional dissolution apparatus operating under sink conditions often fails to predict oral bioavailability and differentiate between formulations. Hence, increasing attention is being paid to combined dissolution-absorption testing. The currently available mass transport apparatuses, however, have certain limitations, the most important being the small membrane surface area, which results in slow mass transfer...
November 6, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983151/on-self-love-and-outgroup-hate-opposite-effects-of-narcissism-on-prejudice-via-social-dominance-orientation-and-right-wing-authoritarianism
#7
Aleksandra Cichocka, Kristof Dhont, Arti P Makwana
Previous research has obtained mixed findings as to whether feelings of self-worth are positively or negatively related to right-wing ideological beliefs and prejudice. We propose to clarify the link between self-worth and ideology by distinguishing between narcissistic and non-narcissistic self-evaluations as well as between different dimensions of ideological attitudes. Four studies, conducted in three different socio-political contexts: the UK (Study 1, N = 422), the US (Studies 2 and 3, Ns = 471 and 289, respectively), and Poland (Study 4, N = 775), investigated the associations between narcissistic and non-narcissistic self-evaluations, social dominance orientation (SDO), right-wing authoritarianism (RWA), and ethnic prejudice...
July 2017: European Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953758/part-i-muslims-social-inclusion-and-the-west-exploring-challenges-faced-by-stigmatized-groups
#8
Ahmed Hankir, Frederick R Carrick, Rashid Zaman
The rise of radicalisation, the 'demonization' of Muslims in the media and the immigration crisis in Europe have all contributed and colluded to heightened levels of Islamophobia in the West. The stigmatisation of Muslims can and has resulted in negative outcomes in this group such as elevated levels of psychological distress and an increase in hate crime and terrorist attacks perpetrated against Muslims from members of the far right. There are 1.6 billion Muslims on the planet and Islam is the fastest growing religion in the world...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935276/don-t-hate-the-player-hate-the-game
#9
EDITORIAL
Renee Y Hsia, Jaime King, Brendan G Carr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915092/sexual-orientation-in-state-hate-crime-laws-exploring-social-construction-and-criminal-law
#10
Jace L Valcore
Several studies have described and analyzed the development and diffusion of hate crime laws in the United States, but none specifically examined state-level differences in protected categories. Forty-five of the 50 states have a hate crime statute, but only 30 of those include sexual orientation. In this study the social construction framework is applied to the hate crime policy domain in order to determine whether or not variations in the social and political status of gays and lesbians are associated with the inclusion of sexual orientation in state hate crime laws...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901202/intellectual-disability-hate-crime-and-other-social-constructions-a-view-from-south-yorkshire
#11
Alex McClimens, Jacqui Brewster
The category of hate crime is a recent legislative response to the increasing levels of antisocial, criminal and discriminatory behaviours and practices that target a wide spectrum of individuals on the basis of their identification within certain minority sociological subcultures. People with intellectual disability are often targeted for this kind of behaviour. Here, we report on an evaluation of one English city's efforts to instigate a street-based scheme to offer some security and protection to its intellectually disabled citizens...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891499/astroglial-hydro-ionic-waves-guided-by-the-extracellular-matrix-an-exploratory-model
#12
Alfredo Pereira
Calcium waves are generated from the astrocyte endoplasmatic reticulum, in response to neuronal electrochemical stimulation. The waves feed back on neurons, modulating (reinforcing or depressing) their activity and the resulting behavior. How do these waves propagate from the astrocyte endoplasmatic reticulum to the synaptic space and reach neuron membrane channels? An exploratory model is elaborated, on the basis of complex interactions of ions, water negative exclusion zones and charged sites of proteins...
2017: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864039/conceiving-of-addicted-pleasures-a-modern-paradox
#13
Fay Dennis
Drawing on research with people who inject drugs in London, UK, this article will explore how participants conceived of pleasure, and try to understand some of the tensions that ensued. There is a strong sense in participants' accounts that drug use is at points pleasurable but it should not, or rather, could not be conceived of in this way. As such, the article will reflect on several situations in which pleasure came up during fieldwork but was quickly redirected towards addiction using terms such as 'denial'...
August 31, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846509/reliability-and-validity-of-the-interpersonal-guilt-rating-scale-15-a-new-clinician-reporting-tool-for-assessing-interpersonal-guilt-according-to-control-mastery-theory
#14
Francesco Gazzillo, Bernard Gorman, Marshall Bush, George Silberschatz, Cristina Mazza, Filippo Faccini, Valeria Crisafulli, Roberta Alesiani, Emma De Luca
This article introduces the Interpersonal Guilt Rating Scale-15 (IGRS-15), a brief clinician-rated tool for the clinical assessment of interpersonal guilt as conceived in Control-Mastery Theory (CMT; Silberschatz, 2015; Weiss, 1993), and its psychometric proprieties. The items of the IGRS-15 were derived from the CMT clinical and empirical literature about guilt, and from the authors' clinical experiences. Twenty-eight clinicians assessed 154 patients with the IGRS-15, the patient self-reported Interpersonal Guilt Questionnaire-67 (IGQ-67; O'Connor, Berry, Weiss, Bush, & Sampson, 1997), and the Clinical Data Form (CDF; Westen & Shedler, 1999)...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812482/no-wonder-we-all-hate-hospitals
#15
Jane Bates
'I hate hospitals,' patients often say, and I always agree with them. I don't know why they are surprised - maybe they forget nurses are human too, with our own baggage. Perhaps they think we are so dedicated to our work that every moment in harness is a delight.
August 16, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800280/evaluations-of-antigay-hate-crimes-and-hate-crime-legislation-independent-and-differentially-predicted
#16
Wayne W Wilkinson, Christopher S Peters
Minimal studies have investigated individuals' evaluations of antigay hate crimes and hate crime legislation simultaneously, with most research focusing on one or the other. In a sample of 246 heterosexual undergraduates, the present study found that evaluations of antigay hate crimes and hate crime legislation were unrelated. Higher social dominance orientation (SDO) and crime control orientation scores were associated with more positive evaluations of antigay hate crimes. Positive evaluations of hate crime legislation were associated with more positive attitudes toward gay men and lesbians...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798211/do-biology-students-really-hate-math-empirical-insights-into-undergraduate-life-science-majors-emotions-about-mathematics
#17
Lucas P Wachsmuth, Christopher R Runyon, John M Drake, Erin L Dolan
Undergraduate life science majors are reputed to have negative emotions toward mathematics, yet little empirical evidence supports this. We sought to compare emotions of majors in the life sciences versus other natural sciences and math. We adapted the Attitudes toward the Subject of Chemistry Inventory to create an Attitudes toward the Subject of Mathematics Inventory (ASMI). We collected data from 359 science and math majors at two research universities and conducted a series of statistical tests that indicated that four AMSI items comprised a reasonable measure of students' emotional satisfaction with math...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751083/proposed-action-for-the-detection-and-care-of-victims-of-hate-violence-for-health-professionals
#18
Christian Carlo Gil-Borrelli, M Dolores Martín-Ríos, M Ángeles Rodríguez-Arenas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 24, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731856/bullying-its-effects-on-attitude-towards-class-attendance-and-the-contribution-of-physical-and-dentofacial-features-among-adolescents-in-northern-nigeria
#19
Oguchi Chikaodi, Yahaya Abdulmanan, Adeyemi Tope Emmanuel, Jibril Muhammad, Modu Adam Mohammed, Akpasa Izegboya, Otuyemi Olayinka Donald, Sani Balarabe
Background Bullying is a worldwide problem with varying consequences. Victims of school bullying may be targeted for many reasons including their appearance. They may also fear school and have difficulties in concentration. Objective This study aimed to determine the prevalence of bullying amongst adolescents in Kano, Northern Nigeria, the contribution of physical features and the perceived effect of bullying on their academic performance and school attendance. Subjects and methods Eight hundred and thirty-five students aged between 12 years and 17 years from eight randomly selected secondary schools in Kano, Nigeria took part in this study...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631104/is-there-an-association-between-surgeon-hat-type-and-30-day-wound-events-following-ventral-hernia-repair
#20
REVIEW
I N Haskins, A S Prabhu, D M Krpata, A J Perez, L Tastaldi, C Tu, S Rosenblatt, B K Poulose, M J Rosen
INTRODUCTION: While several patient and operative variables have been shown to be associated with an increased risk of postoperative wound events, the association between surgical hat type worn by surgeons and postoperative wound events remains controversial. The purpose of this study is to investigate the association between type of surgical hat worn by surgeons and the incidence of postoperative wound events following ventral hernia repair using the Americas Hernia Society Quality Collaborative database...
August 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
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