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Joshua K Hartshorne, Timothy J O'Donnell, Yasutada Sudo, Miki Uruwashi, Miseon Lee, Jesse Snedeker
In acquiring language, children must learn to appropriately place the different participants of an event (e.g., causal agent, affected entity) into the correct syntactic positions (e.g., subject, object) so that listeners will know who did what to whom. While many of these mappings can be characterized by broad generalizations, both within and across languages (e.g., semantic agents tend to be mapped onto syntactic subjects), not all verbs fit neatly into these generalizations. One particularly striking example is verbs of psychological state: The experiencer of the state can appear as either the subject (Agnes fears/hates/loves Bartholomew) or the direct object (Agnes frightens/angers/delights Bartholomew)...
September 28, 2016: Cognition
J E Rhodes, L J Healey
The study aimed to investigate the experience of adults with a diagnosis of psychosis and who have survived childhood physical abuse. We interviewed eight participants and used interpretative phenomenological analysis to generate themes. The main themes were of perceiving an everyday world of aggression and contempt by others, pervasive mistrust, feeling isolated and for some, attacking oneself with hate. Most participants were also able to reflect on what they saw as 'paranoia' or 'voices'. Paranoia was described as a fluctuating compulsive 'thread' of meaning, feeling and sometimes a transformation of the self...
September 29, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Cindy L Grines, Kimberly A Skelding
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
Mark J Russ
Constant observation (CO) of psychiatric inpatients at risk for suicidal behavior has been criticized in the literature because of the absence of demonstrable effectiveness, associated costs, staff and patient acceptance, and related issues. Our inability to demonstrate effectiveness, however, is an ethical conundrum that cannot readily be solved. Frequent and often vociferous references in the literature to the absence of an evidence base for this intervention carries the risk that CO may be underutilized in particular clinical circumstances with untoward results...
September 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
Z'étoile Imma
This article explores the politics of representing Black queer and trans subjectivities in the recent documentary film and photography of South African lesbian visual activist Zanele Muholi. While Muholi's work has been most often been positioned as an artistic response to the hate-crimes and violence perpetuated against Black lesbians in South African townships, most notably acts of sexual violence known increasingly as corrective rape, I argue that Muholi's documentary texts trouble the spatial, gendered, and highly racialized articulations that make up an increasingly global corrective rape discourse...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Lesbian Studies
Paramita M Ghosh
Extract: My father was a Professor of Physics at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kharagpur, a world renowned engineering school in Eastern India that has produced many famous scientists, engineers and entrepreneurs. Growing up on IIT campus, I felt that the only subjects people studied were either engineering or one of the physical sciences. My mother, who had a degree in nutrition, never worked outside the home -there were no opportunities for individuals with her background. Sure, there were doctors elsewhere in my world - my father's brother was a pediatrician and both my mother's brother and her father were surgeons; but in my high school, biological sciences were for those who hated math...
September 7, 2016: Endocrine-related Cancer
Carsten K W De Dreu, Daniel Balliet
Because intergroup interactions often are mixed-motive rather than strictly zero-sum, groups often negotiate settlements that enable both cultures to thrive. Moreover, group prosperity rests on in-group love (rather than out-group hate) that emerges also absent intergroup competition or comparison. It follows that cultural group selection (CGS) reflects group effectiveness in organizing in-group trust and cooperation, rather than winning (in)direct intergroup competitions.
January 2016: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
Rosine Jozef Perelberg
This paper explores the meaning of a patient's hallucinatory experiences in the course of a five times a week analysis. I will locate my understanding within the context of André Green's ideas on the role of the framing structure and the negative hallucination in the structuring of the mind. The understanding of the transference and countertransference was crucial in the creation of meaning and enabling the transformations that took place in the analytic process. Through a detailed analysis of a clinical example the author examines Bion's distinction between hysterical hallucinations and psychotic hallucinations and formulates her own hypothesis about the distinctions between the two...
August 20, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
Robert J Cramer, Amy L Wevodau, Brett O Gardner, Claire N Bryson
We evaluated the psychometric properties of scores on the Need for Affect-Short Form (NAQ-S) in 3 samples: undergraduate students (Sample I), jury-eligible community members (Sample II), and forensic clinicians (Sample III). Concerning factor structure, the NAQ-S 2-factor structure displayed good fit to the data in Sample I, with mostly acceptable levels of internal consistency for both approach and avoidance scores. Construct validity patterns were observed such that approach scores were most strongly correlated with female gender and trait agreeableness scores, whereas avoidance scores were most strongly correlated to trait agreeableness scores...
August 2, 2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
D G Karpouzas, G Tsiamis, M Trevisan, F Ferrari, C Malandain, O Sibourg, F Martin-Laurent
Pesticides end up in soil where they interact with soil microorganisms in various ways. On the Yin Side of the interaction, pesticides could exert toxicity on soil microorganisms, while on the Yang side of interaction, pesticides could be used as energy source by a fraction of the soil microbial community. The LOVE TO HATE project is an IAPP Marie Curie project which aims to study these complex interactions of pesticides with soil microorganisms and provide novel tools which will be useful both for pesticide regulatory purposes and agricultural use...
September 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Carly M Danielson, Tara M Emmers-Sommer
Bullying is on the rise, and bullied targets often face consequences when they do not effectively manage their victimization. This study investigates bullied bloggers' use and evaluations of coping strategies and support sources. Informed by Lazarus and Folkman's (1984) appraisal theory, Tenenbaum, Varjas, Meyers, and Parris's (2011) model of bullied students' coping, and social support literature, bullied students' narratives (N = 100) from five bullying blogs (Pacer's, I'm Getting Bullied, ReachOut, BullyVille, No Place 4 Hate) are examined...
July 27, 2016: Health Communication
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Eric M Clark, Chris A Jones, Jake Ryland Williams, Allison N Kurti, Mitchell Craig Norotsky, Christopher M Danforth, Peter Sheridan Dodds
BACKGROUND: Twitter has become the "wild-west" of marketing and promotional strategies for advertisement agencies. Electronic cigarettes have been heavily marketed across Twitter feeds, offering discounts, "kid-friendly" flavors, algorithmically generated false testimonials, and free samples. METHODS: All electronic cigarette keyword related tweets from a 10% sample of Twitter spanning January 2012 through December 2014 (approximately 850,000 total tweets) were identified and categorized as Automated or Organic by combining a keyword classification and a machine trained Human Detection algorithm...
2016: PloS One
Kate Winskell, Gaëlle Sabben, Rob Stephenson, Kaitlyn L Pruitt, Kristi Allen, Trinity Findlay
Narrative is a primary tool in human meaning-making and communication. Frequently value-laden, it plays an important role in global public health communication and advocacy efforts. State-endorsed homophobia is widespread across much of sub-Saharan Africa, severely restricting access to sexual health services and undermining human rights and mental health for sexual minorities. Young Africans' narratives about same-sex attraction (SSA) can both inform message framing and provide a source of creative ideas for communication and advocacy efforts...
July 13, 2016: Global Public Health
(no author information available yet)
During the RCN congress debate on whether the UK should leave the European Union, prominent college activist Jason Warriner said that nurses would play a vital role in 'healing the nation' after the vote, whatever the outcome. Unfortunately his prophecy has proved to be correct, with the UK being divided in way that few of us have experienced before.
July 6, 2016: Nursing Standard
Ira S Nash
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 5, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
P Dileep Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 5, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
Chana A Sacks, Debra Malina, Stephen Morrissey, Edward W Campion, Mary Beth Hamel, Jeffrey M Drazen
In the wreckage of destroyed lives, broken families, and a traumatized community left behind by a gunman’s rampage on June 12, Americans seemed to be asking what kind of crime this was. Another senseless mass shooting in a long line from Virginia Tech to Aurora to Newtown? A terrorist attack..
September 1, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Pekka Räsänen, James Hawdon, Emma Holkeri, Teo Keipi, Matti Näsi, Atte Oksanen
Drawing from routine activity theory (RAT), this article seeks to determine the crucial factors contributing to youth victimization through online hate. Although numerous studies have supported RAT in an online context, research focusing on users of particular forms of social media is lacking. Using a sample of 15- to 18-year-old Finnish Facebook users (n = 723), we examine whether the risk of online hate victimization is more likely when youth themselves produced online hate material, visited online sites containing potentially harmful content, and deliberately sought out online hate material...
2016: Violence and Victims
Jill Reuille, Donald D Kautz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
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