keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Vegetarian diet

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471576/-vegetarian-diets-in-children-an-assessment-from-pediatrics-and-nutrition-science
#1
Mathilde Kersting, Hermann Kalhoff, Michael Melter, Thomas Lücke
In Germany, the "Dietary Schedule for the 1st year of life" and the "Optimised Mixed Diet" for children and adolescents serve as scientifically based and generally applicable dietary concepts throughout the period of growth and development. Vegetarian diets as the lacto-ovo-vegetarian diet (exclusion of meat, fish) and the vegan diet (exclusion of all food groups of animal origin) need to be evaluated for their potential to safely meet the high and specific requirements for growth and development...
February 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466822/alternative-ern%C3%A3-hrungsformen-allgemeine-aspekte-und-vegetarische-kostformen
#2
Alexander Ströhle, Christian Löser, Isabel Behrendt, Claus Leitzmann, Andreas Hahn
Alternative diets (AD) differ from the current common mixed diet; AD are recommended as a permanent diet. These diets are based on ethical, philosophical and health promoting principles and lead to very different recommendations for food selection. Even within a particular AD there is usually a broad spectrum of versions, so that a general evaluation is only possible to a limited extent. This is also true for single AD. Vegetarian diets and partly paleo-diets have been investigated to a reasonable extent. Plant based diets are appropriate as permanent diets and offer health benefits as compared with currently practiced diets (risk reduction of cancers by 10-18% and of heart diseases by 30%; favorable effect on blood pressure and lipid profile; no risk reduction on cancer and total mortality)...
February 2018: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463047/human-intrinsic-factor-expression-for-bioavailable-vitamin-b-12-enrichment-in-microalgae
#3
Serena Lima, Conner L Webb, Evelyne Deery, Colin Robinson, Julie A Z Zedler
Dietary supplements and functional foods are becoming increasingly popular complements to regular diets. A recurring ingredient is the essential cofactor vitamin B12 (B12 ). Microalgae are making their way into the dietary supplement and functional food market but do not produce B12 , and their B12 content is very variable. In this study, the suitability of using the human B12 -binding protein intrinsic factor (IF) to enrich bioavailable B12 using microalgae was tested. The IF protein was successfully expressed from the nuclear genome of the model microalga C hlamydomonas reinhardtii and the addition of an N-terminal ARS2 signal peptide resulted in efficient IF secretion to the medium...
February 19, 2018: Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462965/patterns-of-protein-food-intake-are-associated-with-nutrient-adequacy-in-the-general-french-adult-population
#4
Erwan de Gavelle, Jean-François Huneau, François Mariotti
Protein food intake appears to partially structure dietary patterns, as most current emergent diets (e.g., vegetarian and flexitarian) can be described according to their levels of specific protein sources. However, few data are available on dietary protein patterns in the general population and their association with nutrient adequacy. Based on protein food intake data concerning 1678 adults from a representative French national dietary survey, and non-negative-matrix factorization followed by cluster analysis, we were able to identify distinctive dietary protein patterns and compare their nutrient adequacy (using PANDiet probabilistic scoring)...
February 17, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442351/milk-alkali-syndrome-mas-as-a-complication-of-the-treatment-of-hypoparathyroidism
#5
Agata Skwarek, Janusz Pachucki, Tomasz Bednarczuk, Zuzanna Żurecka, Michał Popow
Milk-alkali syndrome (MAS), characterized by renal failure, metabolic alkalosis and hypercalcemia, is a severe and life-threatening complication of the treatment of hypoparathyroidism. The clinical course is often sudden and is not preceded by any prodromal symptoms. Occurrence does not depend on the duration of hypoparathyroidism treatment, although it is closely related to the applied therapy, especially the dose of calcium carbonate and active vitamin D preparations. Drugs influencing the glomerular filtration rate (angiotensin receptor blockers, sartans, aldosterone receptor antagonists, thiazide diuretics), lack of adequate routine control, changing the calcium carbonate supplementation, dehydration, a diet rich in pH-basic foods (i...
February 14, 2018: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432508/a-study-on-the-relationship-between-orthorexia-and-vegetarianism-using-the-bot-bratman-test-for-orthorexia
#6
Anna Dittfeld, Katarzyna Gwizdek, Paweł Jagielski, Joanna Brzęk, Katarzyna Ziora
OBJECTIVES: The following article presents the relationship between vegetarianism and orthorexia nervosa (ON). Vegetarianism is an ideology and a way of life that aims at minimizing animal exploitation. A vegetarian diet excludes the consumption of meat together with other animal derived products. According to scientists, orthorexia nervosa is considered to be a new, yet unclassified eating disorder. It involves introducing dietary restrictions by individuals who feel a desire to improve their health status by healthy eating...
December 30, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427539/cholesterol-absorption-and-synthesis-in-vegetarians-and-omnivores
#7
Dieter Lütjohann, Sven Meyer, Klaus von Bergmann, Frans Stellaard
SCOPE: Vegetarian diets are considered health promoting, however, a plasma cholesterol lowering effect is not always observed. We investigated the link between vegetarian diet-induced alterations in cholesterol metabolism. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied male and female omnivores, lacto-ovo vegetarians, lacto vegetarians and vegans. Cholesterol intake, absorption and fecal sterol excretion were measured as well as plasma concentrations of cholesterol and non-cholesterol sterols...
February 10, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416997/acute-coronary-syndrome-related-mortality-audit-in-a-teaching-hospital-at-port-blair-india
#8
Shiv Shankar Singh, Swapan Kumar Paul, Ranabir Pal, Pandurang Vithal Thatkar
Background: India has a growing trend of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) due to shifting lifestyle. Objective: To study the profile of patients died due to AMI and to find its risk correlates. Methods: A study was conducted on consecutive AMI cases admitted in the teaching hospital at Port Blair from April 2011 to March 2016. During inpatients management, outcomes were followed up from admission till discharge or expiry. Results: Of the total 491 cases, majority (75...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414859/the-assessment-of-bone-regulatory-pathways-bone-turnover-and-bone-mineral-density-in-vegetarian-and-omnivorous-children
#9
Jadwiga Ambroszkiewicz, Magdalena Chełchowska, Katarzyna Szamotulska, Grażyna Rowicka, Witold Klemarczyk, Małgorzata Strucińska, Joanna Gajewska
Vegetarian diets contain many beneficial properties as well as carry a risk of inadequate intakes of several nutrients important to bone health. The aim of the study was to evaluate serum levels of bone metabolism markers and to analyze the relationships between biochemical bone markers and anthropometric parameters in children on vegetarian and omnivorous diets. The study included 70 prepubertal children on a lacto-ovo-vegetarian diet and 60 omnivorous children. Body composition, bone mineral content (BMC), and bone mineral density (BMD) were assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry...
February 7, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397564/orthorexic-and-restrained-eating-behaviour-in-vegans-vegetarians-and-individuals-on-a-diet
#10
Friederike Barthels, Frank Meyer, Reinhard Pietrowsky
PURPOSE: Orthorexic eating behaviour, restrained eating, and veganism/vegetarianism are food selection strategies sharing several characteristics. Since there are no studies investigating their interrelationships, aim of the present study was to analyse orthorexic and restrained eating behaviour in (1) a sample of vegans and vegetarians and (2) a sample of individuals on a diet to lose weight. METHOD: Division of samples according to pre-defined criteria in (1) vegans (n = 114), vegetarians (n = 63), individuals with rare meat consumption (n = 83) and individuals with frequent meat consumption (n = 91) and in (2) participants on a diet with dietary change (n = 104), without dietary change (n = 37) and a control group of individuals not on a diet (n = 258)...
February 3, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387815/a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-the-effects-of-high-p-rotein-c-omplete-l-a-cto-ve-geta-r-ian-pacer-diet-in-non-diabetic-obese-asian-indians-in-north-india
#11
Swati Bhardwaj, Anoop Misra, Seema Gulati, Shajith Anoop, Vineet Kumar Kamal, Ravindra Mohan Pandey
In view of the increasing prevalence of obesity in largely vegetarian Asian Indians, it is important to research a high protein, low carbohydrate vegetarian diet. The present study was designed to evaluate the effects of a "High P rotein C omplete (lacto) V E geta R ian Diet (Acronym; 'PACER diet'), on weight, body composition and metabolic profiles in non-diabetic obese Asian Indians living in north India. In this 8-week randomized control trial, 102 vegetarian subjects with body mass index (BMI) >25 kg/m 2 were randomized to either a test diet (PACER diet; high protein, high fat and moderately low carbohydrate, lacto-vegetarian diet) or control diet (standard vegetarian diet formulated as the dietary guidelines for Asian Indians) after 4 weeks of diet and exercise run-in period...
December 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386724/osteoporosis-among-household-women-a-growing-but-neglected-phenomenon
#12
R N Hiremath, A K Yadav, Sandhya Ghodke, Jyoti Yadav, Sumit Latwal, Atul Kotwal
Background: Osteoporosis is associated with variable morbidity and socio-economic burden and referred as a "silent epidemic" with increasing risk among Indian women. The present study was conducted to find prevalence of osteoporosis. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in Ranchi city with household women as participants. Data was collected by means of pre-tested structured questionnaire in Hindi language and bone status was screened utilizing calcaneal quantitative ultrasound as a diagnostic tool to estimate bone mineral density from 223 participants and statistical analysis was performed with SPSS software...
January 2018: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353152/tgf%C3%AE-c-509t-tgf%C3%AE-t869c-xrcc1-arg194trp-ikb%C3%AE-c642t-il4-c-590t-genetic-polymorphisms-combined-with-socio-economic-lifestyle-diet-factors-and-gastric-cancer-risk-a-case-control-study-in-south-indian-population
#13
Dhayalan Pavithra, Majumdar Gautam, Ranganathan Rama, Rajaraman Swaminathan, Gopisetty Gopal, Ayyalur Seshadri Ramakrishnan, Thangarajan Rajkumar
BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer is worldwide the third major cause of cancer related death. Risk factors for gastric cancer includes Helicobacter pylori infection, gastric ulcer, less hygienic condition, use of tobacco, alcohol consumption, use of salted, smoked food, genetic alterations etc. In order to identify the risk factors associated with gastric cancer in South Indian population a case-control study involving 200 proven gastric cancer cases and 400 controls was conducted. METHODS: A structured questionnaire was used to interview all the subjects who participated in our study...
January 17, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336622/nutritional-supplement-and-functional-food-use-among-medical-students-in-india
#14
Nitin Joseph, Abhinav Kumar, Harjas Singh, Mohammed Shaheen, Kriti Das, Apurva Shrivastava
This study was conducted to assess the pattern of use of nutritional supplements (NSs) and functional foods (FFs), reasons for their use, factors influencing their use, and perception toward their use among medical students. Data were collected from 400 randomly chosen participants using a self-administered semistructured questionnaire. The most common source of information on these substances was from medical professionals (n = 140 [35%]). Multivitamins were consumed by 48 (45.3%) participants. Most common reasons stated for the use of supplements were for good health (n = 39 [36...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320401/mediterranean-diet-and-other-dietary-patterns-in-primary-prevention-of-heart-failure-and-changes-in-cardiac-function-markers-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Karina Sanches Machado d'Almeida, Stefanny Ronchi Spillere, Priccila Zuchinali, Gabriela Corrêa Souza
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is a complex syndrome and is recognized as the ultimate pathway of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Studies using nutritional strategies based on dietary patterns have proved to be effective for the prevention and treatment of CVD. Although there are studies that support the protective effect of these diets, their effects on the prevention of HF are not clear yet. METHODS: We searched the Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases for studies that examined dietary patterns, such as dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH diet), paleolithic, vegetarian, low-carb and low-fat diets and prevention of HF...
January 10, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319158/effect-of-restriction-vegan-diet-s-on-muscle-mass-oxidative-status-and-myocytes-differentiation-a-pilot-study
#16
D Vanacore, G Messina, S Lama, G Bitti, P Ambrosio, G C Tenore, A Messina, V Monda, S Zappavigna, M Boccellino, E Novellino, M Monda, P Stiuso
This study was conceived to evaluate the effects of three different diets on body composition, metabolic parameters and serum oxidative status. We enrolled three groups of healthy men (omnivores, vegetarians and vegans) with similar age, weight and BMI and we observed a significant decrease in muscle mass index and lean body mass in vegan compared to vegetarian and omnivore groups, and higher serum homocysteine levels in vegetarians and vegans compared to omnivores. We studied whether serum from omnivore, vegetarian and vegan subjects affected oxidative stress, growth and differentiation of both cardiomyoblast cell line H9c2 and H-H9c2 (H9c2 treated with H2 O2 to induce oxidative damage)...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307071/dietary-exposure-to-hch-and-ddt-congeners-and-their-associated-cancer-risk-based-on-pakistani-food-consumption
#17
Muhammad Aamir, Sardar Khan, Gang Li
Dietary exposure to organochlorine pesticides such as hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) congeners was assessed using diet study approach, and for this purpose, different food items were collected in August 2014. The levels of ∑(HCHs + DDTs) in different food groups were ranged from 2.57 to 206 ng g-1, ww, with contamination order of fish > poultry > milk > vegetables > cereals > flour > fruits. In the present study, the ratios of β-HCH/∑HCH (0.19-0...
January 6, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304010/soy-soy-foods-and-their-role-in-vegetarian-diets
#18
REVIEW
Gianluca Rizzo, Luciana Baroni
Soy is a basic food ingredient of traditional Asian cuisine used for thousands of years. In Western countries, soybeans have been introduced about a hundred years ago and recently they are mainly used for surrogate foods production. Soy and soy foods are common nutritional solutions for vegetarians, due to their high protein content and versatility in the production of meat analogues and milk substitutes. However, there are some doubts about the potential effects on health, such as the effectiveness on cardiovascular risk reduction or, conversely, on the possible disruption of thyroid function and sexual hormones...
January 5, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302906/toxic-heavy-metals-in-human-blood-in-relation-to-certain-food-and-environmental-samples-in-kerala-south-india
#19
Anitha Jose, Joseph George Ray
Toxic heavy metals such as arsenic (As), lead (Pb), and mercury (Hg) are systemic toxicants that are hazardous to human health. However, as these elements are increasing in the environment due to fast urbanization, industrialization, and chemicalized agricultural activities, accumulation of the same in human body anywhere in the world is quite interesting to global assessment of environment quality. In this connection, random examination of blood samples of human population in Kerala, South India, was carried out to assess the threat of heavy metal contamination to humans in this part of the globe, especially in relation to the amount of such metals in food and other environmental samples...
January 4, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302846/a-network-meta-analysis-on-the-comparative-efficacy-of-different-dietary-approaches-on-glycaemic-control-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#20
Lukas Schwingshackl, Anna Chaimani, Georg Hoffmann, Carolina Schwedhelm, Heiner Boeing
The aim of the present study is to assess the comparative efficacy of different dietary approaches on glycaemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus using a systematic review of the literature. Electronic and hand searches were performed until July 2017. The inclusion criteria were defined as follows: (1) randomized trial with a dietary approach; (2) adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus; (3) outcome either HbA1c (%) and/or fasting glucose (mmol/l); (4) minimum intervention period of 12 weeks. For each outcome measure, random effects network meta-analysis was performed in order to determine the pooled effect of each intervention relative to each of the other interventions...
January 4, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
keyword
keyword
9318
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"