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Vegetarian diet

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909700/the-significant-role-of-amino-acids-during-pregnancy-nutritional-support
#1
Penelope D Manta-Vogli, Kleopatra H Schulpis, Yannis Dotsikas, Yannis L Loukas
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is characterized by a complexity of metabolic processes that may impact fetal development and infant health outcome. Normal fetal growth and development depend on a continuous supply of nutrients via the placenta. The placenta transports, utilizes, produces and interconverts amino acids (AAs). FINDINGS: Concentrations of both nonessential and essential AAs in maternal plasma decrease in early pregnancy and persist at low concentrations throughout...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907356/effect-of-vegetarian-diets-on-the-presentation-of-metabolic-syndrome-or-its-components-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Maria C Picasso, Jessica A Lo-Tayraco, Juselly M Ramos-Villanueva, Vinay Pasupuleti, Adrian V Hernandez
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Several studies have examined the effect of vegetarian diets (VD) on metabolic syndrome (MetS) or its components, but findings have been inconsistent. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies to assess the association between VD and MetS or its components (systolic blood pressure [SBP], diastolic blood pressure [DBP], fasting glucose triglycerides, waist circumference [WC], HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C)) in adults...
June 6, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898042/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-framingham-risk-score-in-apparently-healthy-vegetarian-and-omnivorous-men
#3
Julio Cesar Acosta Navarro, Luiza Antoniazzi, Adriana Midori Oki, Maria Carlos Bonfim, Valeria Hong, Luiz Aparecido Bortolotto, Pedro Acosta-Cardenas, Valeria Sandrim, Marcio Hiroshi Miname, Raul Dias Dos Santos Filho
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown a lower prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MSyn) in vegetarians (VEG) despite the inconclusive evidence from others. OBJECTIVE: To verify the association between diet and other lifestyle characteristics and the prevalence of MSyn, cardiovascular risk factors (CRF), and Framingham Risk Score (FRS) in apparently healthy VEG and omnivorous (OMN) men. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 88 apparently healthy men ≥ 35 years, 44 VEG and 44 OMN, were assessed for anthropometric data, blood pressure, blood lipids, glucose, C-reactive protein (CRP) and FRS...
May 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887784/can-nutrition-lower-the-risk-of-recurrence-in-breast-cancer
#4
REVIEW
Julia Weigl, Hans Hauner, Dagmar Hauner
Background: The impact of diet on breast cancer prognosis is poorly understood. Therefore, we conducted a literature search summarizing the current evidence on the effect of diet on breast cancer recurrence and mortality. Methods: The PubMed database was searched for original studies, reviews, and meta-analyses published between 2010 and 2017. Studies related to diet, dietary patterns, special diets or specific dietary factors, and breast cancer recurrence or mortality were included...
April 2018: Breast Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881359/immunohistochemical-characterization-of-pept1-and-ghrelin-in-gastrointestinal-tract-of-zebrafish-effects-of-spirulina-vegetarian-diet-on-the-neuroendocrine-system-cells-after-alimentary-stress
#5
Patrizia Lo Cascio, Concetta Calabrò, Clara Bertuccio, Carmelo Iaria, Fabio Marino, Maria G Denaro
Gastrointestinal function in vertebrates is influenced by stressors, such as fasting and refeeding, different types of diet and hormonal factors. The aim of this paper was to analyze the effect of a Spirulina ( Arthrospira platensis ) diet, a microalga known for its nutraceutical properties, on the gastrointestinal tract of zebrafish ( Danio rerio ) regarding expression of oligopeptide transporter 1 (PepT1) and ghrelin (GHR). Food deprivation and refeeding was investigated to elucidate expression of PepT1 and GHR at a gastrointestinal level and the zebrafish compensatory mechanism...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875591/vegetarian-diet-food-substitution-and-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver
#6
Tina H Chiu, Ming-Nan Lin, Wen-Harn Pan, Yen-Ching Chen, Chin-Lon Lin
Objectives: Vegetarian diets have been shown to improve insulin resistance and reduce body weight, but the effects on nonalcoholic fatty liver require further confirmation. We aim to investigate the association between vegetarian diets, major food groups, and nonalcoholic fatty liver, and to compare the degree of liver fibrosis between vegetarians and nonvegetarians in those with fatty liver. Materials and Methods: We analyzed cross-sectional data from the Tzu Chi Health Study which included 2127 nonvegetarians and 1273 vegetarians who did not smoke or habitually drink alcohol and had no hepatitis B or hepatitis C...
April 2018: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868910/anthropometric-and-physiologic-characteristics-in-white-and-british-indian-vegetarians-and-nonvegetarians-in-the-uk-biobank
#7
Tammy Yn Tong, Timothy J Key, Jakub G Sobiecki, Kathryn E Bradbury
Background: A detailed description of anthropometric and physiologic characteristics of persons in different diet groups is lacking. Objective: We aimed to perform cross-sectional analyses of diet group with anthropometric and physiologic characteristics in a large cohort in the United Kingdom. Design: The UK Biobank recruited ∼500,000 middle-aged participants throughout the United Kingdom in 2006-2010. Anthropometric indexes (height, weight, waist and hip circumference, body composition) and other physiologic characteristics (heel bone mineral density, grip strength, blood pressure, pulse rate) were measured following standardized protocols...
June 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844414/effect-of-religion-on-hypertension-in-adult-buddhists-and-residents-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Qingtao Meng, Ying Xu, Rufeng Shi, Xin Zhang, Si Wang, Kai Liu, Xiaoping Chen
Correlation between religion and hypertension is worth investigating since they both influence many people. Compared to studies which quantify religion with indicators representing only restricted dimensions of religion, researches assessing religion as an integral is preferable while lacking. Moreover, religious behaviors have great potential to be generalized if they are proved to be mediator through which religion exerts effect. However, relevant evidence is limited. Therefore, this cross-sectional study recruited 1384 adult Tibetan Buddhists from two Buddhist institutes in the Sichuan Province of China, and enrolled 798 adult Tibetan residents from nearby villages/towns...
May 29, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29800598/vegetarian-dietary-patterns-and-cardiovascular-disease
#9
REVIEW
Hana Kahleova, Susan Levin, Neal D Barnard
Cardiovascular (CV) disease (CVD) is the leading global cause of mortality, being responsible for 46% of non-communicable disease deaths. It has been estimated that about 85.6 million Americans are living with some form of CVD, which continues to rise. Healthy lifestyle choices may reduce the risk of myocardial infarction by more than 80%, with nutrition playing a key role. Vegetarian dietary patterns reduce CVD mortality and the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) by 40%. Plant-based diets are the only dietary pattern to have shown reversal of CHD...
May 22, 2018: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786804/-protein-deficiency-a-rare-nutrient-deficiency
#10
Gunnar Johansson
There is a widespread myth that we have to be careful about what we eat so that we do not cause protein deficiency. We know today that it is virtually impossible to design a calorie-sufficient diet, whether it is based on meat, fish, eggs, various vegetarian diets or even unprocessed whole natural plant foods, which is lacking in protein and any of the amino acids. The body is capable of taking incomplete proteins and making them complete by utilizing the amino acid recycling mechanism. The majority of amino acids absorbed from the intestinal tract are derived from recycled body protein...
May 21, 2018: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777369/adherence-to-special-diets-and-its-association-with-meeting-the-nutrient-recommendations-in-individuals-with-type-1-diabetes
#11
A J Ahola, C Forsblom, Per-Henrik Groop
AIMS: Not much is known about adherence to special diets in type 1 diabetes, characteristics of individuals with special diets, and whether such practices should raise concerns with respect to meeting the dietary recommendations. In this study, we assessed the frequencies of adherence to special diets, in a population of individuals with type 1 diabetes, and investigated the association between special diet adherence and dietary intake, measured as dietary patterns and nutrient intakes...
May 18, 2018: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772294/a-model-of-the-dynamics-of-household-vegetarian-and-vegan-rates-in-the-u-k
#12
James Waters
Although there are many studies of determinants of vegetarianism and veganism, there have been no previous studies of how their rates in a population jointly change over time. In this paper, we present a flexible model of vegetarian and vegan dietary choices, and derive the joint dynamics of rates of consumption. We fit our model to a pseudo-panel with 23 years of U.K. household data, and find that while vegetarian rates are largely determined by current household characteristics, vegan rates are additionally influenced by their own lagged value...
May 14, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769115/lifestyle-choices-and-mental-health-a-longitudinal-survey-with-german-and-chinese-students
#13
Julia Velten, Angela Bieda, Saskia Scholten, André Wannemüller, Jürgen Margraf
BACKGROUND: A healthy lifestyle can be beneficial for one's mental health. Thus, identifying healthy lifestyle choices that promote psychological well-being and reduce mental problems is useful to prevent mental disorders. The aim of this longitudinal study was to evaluate the predictive values of a broad range of lifestyle choices for positive mental health (PMH) and mental health problems (MHP) in German and Chinese students. METHOD: Data were assessed at baseline and at 1-year follow-up...
May 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765583/effect-of-diet-on-blood-viscosity-in-healthy-humans-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Hamideh Naghedi-Baghdar, Seyed-Mohammad Nazari, Ali Taghipour, Mohsen Nematy, Sadegh Shokri, Mohammad-Reza Mehri, Tahereh Molkara, Roghayeh Javan
Background: Increased whole blood viscosity is associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality of several life-threatening diseases, including cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease. The effect of diet on human health has been indicated in many studies, and a health dietary pattern can reduce the incidence of several chronic diseases. Objective: The aim of this systematic review was to assess the effect of diet on blood viscosity and related parameters such as haematocrit (HCT)...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762334/toddler-s-paralysis-an-acute-case-of-leg-stiffening-in-a-previously-healthy-2-year-old
#15
Kimberly Renee Kahne, Ee Tein Tay
Vegetarian and vegan diets are gaining popularity in the United States. Although appropriately planned vegetarian diets, including vegan diets, are healthful and nutritionally adequate and may provide health benefits in the prevention and treatment of certain diseases, not all families are aware of the nutritional supplements that may be required for their children. We describe a case of a 2-year-old previously healthy child consuming a vegan diet who presented to the pediatric emergency department with an acute inability to move her legs...
May 14, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756974/-effects-of-lacto-vegetarian-diet-and-stabilization-core-exercises-on-body-composition-and-pain-in-women-with-fibromyalgia-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Alejandro Martínez-Rodríguez, Belén Leyva-Vela, Alba Martínez-García, Yolanda Nadal-Nicolás
BACKGROUND: fibromyalgia is a disease of unknown origin characterized by chronic muscular pain. The lack of knowledge about this disease is one of the main causes that makes complex to make a diagnosis and an appropriate treatment. OBJECTIVE: the main objective of this study was to know the efficacy of a physiotherapy treatment combined with a lacto-vegetarian dietary-nutritional intervention, on low back pain and body composition in women with fibromyalgia. METHODS: twenty-one women were randomly divided into three groups: A (core stabilization exercises + lacto-vegetarian diet), B (placebo + lacto-vegetarian diet) and C (control)...
March 1, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755475/impact-of-a-3-months-vegetarian-diet-on-the-gut-microbiota-and-immune-repertoire
#17
Chenchen Zhang, Andrea Björkman, Kaiye Cai, Guilin Liu, Chunlin Wang, Yin Li, Huihua Xia, Lijun Sun, Karsten Kristiansen, Jun Wang, Jian Han, Lennart Hammarström, Qiang Pan-Hammarström
The dietary pattern can influence the immune system directly, but may also modulate it indirectly by regulating the gut microbiota. Here, we investigated the effect of a 3-months lacto-ovo-vegetarian diet on the diversity of gut microbiota and the immune system in healthy omnivorous volunteers, using high-throughput sequencing technologies. The short-term vegetarian diet did not have any major effect on the diversity of the immune system and the overall composition of the metagenome. The prevalence of bacterial genera/species with known beneficial effects on the intestine, including butyrate-producers and probiotic species and the balance of autoimmune-related variable genes/families were, however, altered in the short-term vegetarians...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752697/biofortification-of-safflower-an-oil-seed-crop-engineered-for-ala-targeting-better-sustainability-and-plant-based-omega-3-fatty-acids
#18
Arti Rani, Asha Panwar, Manjary Sathe, Karunakara Alageri Chandrashekhara, Anil Kush
Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) deficiency and a skewed n6:n3 fatty acid ratio in the diet is a major explanation for the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases and inflammatory/autoimmune diseases. There is mounting evidence of the health benefits associated with omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC PUFA's). Although present in abundance in fish, a number of factors limit our consumption of fish based omega-3 PUFA's. To name a few, overexploitation of wild fish stocks has reduced their sustainability due to increased demand of aquaculture for fish oil and meal; the pollution of marine food webs has raised concerns over the ingestion of toxic substances such as heavy metals and dioxins; vegetarians do not consider fish-based sources for supplemental nutrition...
May 11, 2018: Transgenic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748650/how-empathic-are-vegan-medical-professionals-compared-to-others-leads-from-a-paper-pencil-survey
#19
Christian S Kessler, Andreas Michalsen, Sophie Holler, Vijayendra S Murthy, Holger Cramer
The aim of this survey was to examine differences in personality profiles among 198 vegan (n = 64; 32.3%), vegetarian (n = 78; 39.4%) and omnivore (n = 55; 27.8%) medical professionals. Outcomes were motives for the nutritional approaches, WHO QoL-BREF, Big Five SOEP Inventory, Portraits Value Questionnaire, and Empathizing Scale. Regarding motives for particular diets, omnivores rated influence of guardians (p < 0.001), physical health (p = 0.017) and food taste (p = 0.001) as more and love of animals as less important (p < 0...
May 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736493/erosive-tooth-wear-and-dietary-patterns-a-clinical-study
#20
Alice Moreira Neves Pedrão, Leslie Andrews Portes, Everton Padilha Gomes, Fernanda Cristina Figueira Teixeira, Alexandre da Costa Pereira, Natalia Cristina de Oliveira
PURPOSE: Evidence exists which suggests that a vegetarian diet is a predisposing factor to erosive tooth wear. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of dietary pattern (vegetarian, lacto-ovo vegetarian and omnivore) on erosive tooth wear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred seven subjects (29 vegetarians, 96 lacto-ovo vegetarians and 82 omnivores) underwent an oral assessment and were asked to answer questionnaires about diet and oral care. RESULTS: Individuals who followed vegetarian and lacto-ovo vegetarian diets had statistically significantly more erosive tooth wear than did omnivores (p = 0...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
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