keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Limb

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813086/translation-and-validation-of-the-life-satisfaction-index-for-adolescents-scale-with-neuromuscular-disorders-lsi-a-brazil
#1
Valdecir Antonio Simon, Edmar Zanoteli, Margarete Andreozzi Vaz Pereira Simon, Maria Bernadete Dutra de Resende, Umbertina Conti Reed
Objective: To validate the Life Satisfaction Index for Adolescents (LSI-A) scale, parent version and patient version, for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) and limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD). Methods: The parent version of the instrument was divided into Groups A, B, C and D; and the patient version, divided into B, C and D. For the statistical calculation, the following tests were used: Cronbach's α, ICC, Pearson and the ROC Curve...
August 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813081/epidemiological-and-clinical-factors-impact-on-the-benefit-of-riluzole-in-the-survival-rates-of-patients-with-als
#2
Francis Meire Fávero, Mariana Callil Voos, Isac de Castro, Fátima Aparecida Caromano, Acary Souza Bulle Oliveira
Objective: To investigate the impact of epidemiological and clinical factors on the benefit of riluzole in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Methods: The survival rate of 578 patients with ALS (1999-2011) was analyzed by descriptive statistics and Kaplan-Meier curves. Considering the median of the sample survival time (19 months), patients were divided in two groups: below (B19) and above the median (A19). Kaplan-Meier curves compared the survival rates of patients treated with riluzole and with patients who did not take the medication...
August 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812696/skeletal-trauma-reflects-hunting-behaviour-in-extinct-sabre-tooth-cats-and-dire-wolves
#3
Caitlin Brown, Mairin Balisi, Christopher A Shaw, Blaire Van Valkenburgh
Skeletal-injury frequency and distribution are likely to reflect hunting behaviour in predatory vertebrates and might therefore differ between species with distinct hunting modes. Two Pleistocene predators from the Rancho La Brea asphalt seeps, the sabre-tooth cat, Smilodon fatalis, and dire wolf, Canis dirus, represent ambush and pursuit predators, respectively. On the basis of a collection of over 1,900 pathological elements, the frequency of traumatic injury across skeletal elements in these two species was calculated...
April 10, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812396/the-influence-of-lower-limb-prostheses-technology-on-paracanoeing-time-trial-performance
#4
Shelley Ellis, Andrew Callaway, Bryce Dyer
Within the Paracanoeing discipline, it is important to ensure that appropriate control is achieved by a paddler with a disability. However, this Paralympic Games discipline has seen very little attention to date. The aims of this study were to understand the kinematic impact to a paracanoeist when not utilizing the use of a prosthetic lower-limb. A kayaker with a uni-lateral transfemoral amputation completed several 200 m maximal efforts both with and without their prosthesis. When the prosthetic limb was removed, there were significant differences found in stroke rate, stroke speed, stroke length and overall power output...
August 16, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812043/swallowing-markers-in-spinal-and-bulbar-muscular-atrophy
#5
Haruhiko Banno, Masahisa Katsuno, Keisuke Suzuki, Seiya Tanaka, Noriaki Suga, Atsushi Hashizume, Tomoo Mano, Amane Araki, Hirohisa Watanabe, Yasushi Fujimoto, Masahiko Yamamoto, Gen Sobue
OBJECTIVE: We examined the characteristics of dysphagia in spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy, a hereditary neuromuscular disease causing weakness of limb, facial, and oropharyngeal muscles via a videofluoroscopic swallowing study, and investigated the plausibility of using these outcome measures for quantitative analysis. METHODS: A videofluoroscopic swallowing study was performed on 111 consecutive patients with genetically confirmed spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy and 53 age- and sex-matched healthy controls...
August 2017: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811905/surgical-sympathectomy-for-buerger-s-disease
#6
REVIEW
Daniel G Cacione, Daniel H Moreno, Luis Cu Nakano, José Cc Baptista-Silva
Buerger's disease is characterized by recurring progressive inflammation and occlusions in small and medium arteries and veins of the limbs. Its cause is unknown, but it is most common in young men with a history of tobacco use. It is responsible for ischemic ulcers and extreme pain in the hands and feet. In many cases, notably in patients with the most severe presentations, there is no possibility of improving the condition with surgery (limb revascularisation), and therefore, alternative therapies (e.g. sympathectomy) is used...
August 2017: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811793/effectiveness-and-safety-of-percutaneous-vertebroplasty-in-the-treatment-of-spinal-metastatic-tumor
#7
Yilin Liu, Yuqiang Wang, Liang Zhao, Ruipeng Song, Hongyu Tan, Limin Wang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness, safety and feasibility of percutaneous vertebroplasty in the treatment of spinal metastatic tumor. METHODS: Thirty-four patients with spinal metastatic tumor who received treatment in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from May 2014 to June 2015 were selected. Totally fifty diseased vertebrae were treated by percutaneous vertebroplasty. The curative effects were evaluated according to visual analogue scale (VAS) score, Oswestry Dability Index (ODI) and dose of pain reliever...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811566/injectable-phosphorescence-based-oxygen-biosensors-identify-post-ischemic-reactive-hyperoxia
#8
Jennifer S Chien, Mahmoud Mohammed, Hysem Eldik, Mohamed M Ibrahim, Jeremy Martinez, Scott P Nichols, Natalie Wisniewski, Bruce Klitzman
Novel injectable biosensors were used to measure interstitial oxygenation before, during, and after transient ischemia. It is well known that reactive hyperemia occurs following a period of ischemia. However, increased blood flow does not necessarily mean increased oxygen tension in the tissue. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that tissue reactive hyperoxia occurs following release of hind-limb tourniquet occlusions. Rats were injected with bilateral hind-limb biosensors and were simultaneously subjected to a unilateral femoral vessel ligation...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811546/serum-derived-extracellular-vesicles-evs-impact-on-vascular-remodeling-and-prevent-muscle-damage-in-acute-hind-limb-ischemia
#9
Claudia Cavallari, Andrea Ranghino, Marta Tapparo, Massimo Cedrino, Federico Figliolini, Cristina Grange, Valentina Giannachi, Paolo Garneri, Maria Chiara Deregibus, Federica Collino, Pietro Rispoli, Giovanni Camussi, Maria Felice Brizzi
Serum is an abundant and accessible source of circulating extracellular vesicles (EVs). Serum-EV (sEV) pro-angiogenic capability and mechanisms are herein analyzed using an in vitro assay which predicts sEV angiogenic potential in vivo. Effective sEVs (e-sEVs) also improved vascular remodeling and prevented muscle damage in a mouse model of acute hind limb ischemia. e-sEV angiogenic proteomic and transcriptomic analyses show a positive correlation with matrix-metalloproteinase activation and extracellular matrix organization, cytokine and chemokine signaling pathways, Insulin-like Growth Factor and platelet pathways, and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor signaling...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811310/live-fate-mapping-of-joint-associated-fibroblasts-visualizes-expansion-of-cell-contributions-during-zebrafish-fin-regeneration
#10
Valerie A Tornini, John D Thompson, Raymond L Allen, Kenneth D Poss
The blastema is a mass of progenitor cells responsible for regeneration of amputated salamander limbs and fish fins. Previous studies have indicated that resident cell sources producing the blastema contribute lineage-restricted progeny to regenerating tissue. However, these studies have labeled general cell types rather than granular cell subpopulations, and they do not explain the developmental transitions that must occur for distal structures to arise from cells with proximal identities in the appendage stump...
August 15, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811061/surgical-demographics-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-and-cubital-tunnel-syndrome-over-5-years-at-a-single-institution
#11
Dafang Zhang, Jamie E Collins, Brandon E Earp, Philip Blazar
PURPOSE: Carpal tunnel and cubital tunnel syndrome are the 2 most common upper-limb compressive neuropathies. However, whether the characteristics of patient populations undergoing surgery for these conditions are similar is unclear in terms of demographics and concomitant pathologies. Our null hypothesis was that there are no identifiable differences between these patient populations. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed by billing system query using Common Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes for all patients who underwent open carpal tunnel release (CTR) (CPT code 64721) and/or open cubital tunnel surgery (CPT code 64718) by 1 of 4 hand surgeons from August 2008 to July 2013...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810992/two-new-effective-tourniquets-for-potential-use-in-the-military-environment-a-serving-soldier-study
#12
Alastair Beaven, Rob Briard, Mark Ballard, Paul Parker
BACKGROUND: Limb tourniquets have been used extensively during modern Middle Eastern conflicts. Despite its undeniable successes, the combat applied tourniquet (C-A-T) has some shortfalls, principally its inability to reliably control lower limb bleeding when applied to the mid-thigh. We tested two tourniquets which may represent an improvement to the combat applied tourniquet; the tactical mechanical tourniquet and the tactical pneumatic tourniquet. METHODS: We recruited 12 healthy service personnel and applied the tactical mechanical tourniquet and tactical pneumatic tourniquet to both lower limbs in a randomly generated sequence...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810990/gait-and-functional-outcomes-for-young-active-males-with-traumatic-unilateral-transfemoral-limb-loss
#13
Caitlin E Mahon, Alison L Pruziner, Brad D Hendershot, Erik J Wolf, Benjamin J Darter, K Bo Foreman, Joseph B Webster
OBJECTIVE: Altered body structures that occur with the loss of a lower limb can impact mobility and quality of life. Specifically, biomechanical changes that result from wearing a prosthesis have been associated with an increased risk of falls or joint degeneration, as well as increased energy demands. While previous studies describing these outcomes are typically limited by number of outcome measures and/or small, diverse patient groups, recent military conflicts present a unique opportunity to collect outcomes from a relatively homogenous, active patient population with limb loss...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810893/subcutaneous-emphysema-of-the-leg-after-hardware-removal-and-bone-allografting-for-infected-non-union-of-the-distal-femur
#14
Vincenzo Denaro, Umile Giuseppe Longo, Giuseppe Salvatore, Vincenzo Candela, Nicola Maffulli
BACKGROUND: Infected non-unions of the supracondylar region of the femur are uncommon. Even though hardware removal is a common procedure, it may lead to complications, including neurovascular injury, refracture, worsening pain or recurrence of deformity. CASE PRESENTATION: We report on a male who developed subcutaneous emphysema of the leg after hardware removal and bone allografting for an infected non-union of the distal femur. He was managed by debridement of the surgical wound, antibiotic therapy, multiple fasciotomies, and application of a VAC (vacuum-assisted closure) system...
August 15, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810647/limb-graft-occlusion-following-endovascular-aortic-repair-incidence-causes-treatment-and-prevention-in-a-study-cohort
#15
Guoquan Wang, Shuiting Zhai, Tianxiao Li, Xuan Li, Danghui Lu, Bo Wang, Dongbin Zhang, Shuaitao Shi, Zhidong Zhang, Kai Liang, Kewei Zhang, Xiaoyang Fu, Kun Li, Weixiao Li
The present study investigated the incidence, causes, treatment and prevention of limb graft occlusion following endovascular aortic repair (EVAR). A total of 66 cases of abdominal aortic aneurysm receiving EVAR at our department from January 2005 to December 2013 were enrolled. After EVAR, patients received routine antiplatelet therapy of 75 mg PLAVIX for 6 months and then 100 mg Aspirin for another 6 months by oral administration. According to previous clinical experiences, antiplatelet therapy is able to effectively reduce the incidence of iliac occlusion after EVAR...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810573/warfarin-induced-life-threatening-bleeding-associated-with-a-cyp3a4-loss-of-function-mutation-in-an-acute-limb-ischemia-patient-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Xiao-Wei Ma, Chang-Ning Hao, Zhi-Chun Gu, Meng Ye, Min Li, Lan Zhang
Patients with acute limb ischemia, deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary artery embolism may be treated with warfarin. The dose-response interaction of warfarin is associated with numerous factors, depending on which an uncommon life-threatening bleeding may occur. The present case study reported on a patient with acute limb ischemia and a history of warfarin-induced bleeding ten years previously and who again developed life threatening bleeding associated with warfarin treatment and received vascular surgery...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809870/-case-report-iatrogenic-shoulder-pain-syndrome-following-spinal-accessory-nerve-injury-during-lateral-cervical-neck-dissection-for-tongue-cancer-the-role-of-rehabilitation-and-ethical-deontological-issues
#17
Gianpaolo Ronconi, Antonio Gioacchino Spagnolo, Giorgio Ferriero, Silvia Giovannini, Eugenia Amabile, Giulio Maccauro, Paola Emilia Ferrara
The shoulder pain syndrome is the most frequent complication of lateral cervical neck dissection and may be caused by iatrogenic injury to the spinal accessory nerve, causing pain and functional limitation of the upper limb and of the cervical spine. Interdisciplinary collaboration and early rehabilitation can reduce the consequences of disability and the possible issues that can arise due to inadequate management of the problem.
May 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809745/a-hybrid-active-force-control-of-a-lower-limb-exoskeleton-for-gait-rehabilitation
#18
Zahari Taha, Anwar P P Abdul Majeed, Amar Faiz Zainal Abidin, Mohammed A Hashem Ali, Ismail Mohd Khairuddin, Abdelhakim Deboucha, Mohd Yashim Wong Paul Tze
Owing to the increasing demand for rehabilitation services, robotics have been engaged in addressing the drawbacks of conventional rehabilitation therapy. This paper focuses on the modelling and control of a three-link lower limb exoskeleton for gait rehabilitation that is restricted to the sagittal plane. The exoskeleton that is modelled together with a human lower limb model is subjected to a number of excitations at its joints while performing a joint space trajectory tracking, to investigate the effectiveness of the proposed controller in compensating disturbances...
August 15, 2017: Biomedizinische Technik. Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809628/-the-effect-of-activation-of-the-shoulder-girdle-muscles-on-functional-outcomes-of-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-surgically-treated-distal-radius-fractures
#19
V Jančíková, J Opavský, P Dráč, A Krobot, I Čižmář
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The aim of the study was to assess the functional outcomes of rehabilitation in patients with surgically treated distal radius fractures in the early postoperative period. We compared the functional outcomes of patients undergoing standard rehabilitation with the group of patients whose postoperative rehabilitation was extended with shoulder girdle exercises of the affected upper limb while the wrist was immobilized. Several indices and variables were used for the assessment of the functional therapeutic outcomes of the affected wrist...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809436/anatomical-description-of-the-main-vessels-for-venipuncture-in-the-black-striped-capuchin-monkey-sapajus-libidinosus-silva-junior-2002
#20
Ana Y F La Salles, Jefferson F Cordeiro, José R S Santos, Artur N Carreiro, Gildenor X Medeiros, Danilo J A Menezes
BACKGROUND: The scarcity of data on the anatomy of Sapajus libidinosus has impeded the execution for appropriate veterinary treatment. The objective of this study was to describe the main peripheral veins of the capuchin monkey, used in venipuncture and indicate the best access route for venipuncture procedures. METHODS: Ten S. libidinosus corpses were used. The face, neck, chest, and pelvic limb were dissected using surgical instruments to identify and locate surface vessels...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Primatology
keyword
keyword
93172
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"