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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919861/lactobacillus-rhamnosus-gg-an-overview-to-explore-the-rationale-of-its-use-in-cancer
#1
REVIEW
Giuseppe L Banna, Francesco Torino, Francesco Marletta, Maria Santagati, Rossella Salemi, Elisa Cannarozzo, Luca Falzone, Francesco Ferraù, Massimo Libra
Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the western world. In the era of precision medicine, a significant number of cancer patients can be cured with several anti-cancer therapeutic regimens. However, therapy failure may be caused by treatment side effects, such as diarrhea, especially occurring in patients with gastrointestinal or pelvic malignancies. In particular, diarrhea is one of the most frequent gastrointestinal toxicity during cancer treatment and it can result from nearly bot chemo- and radio-therapeutic strategies currently used...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862123/results-of-1-year-diet-and-exercise-interventions-for-er-pr%C3%A2-her2-breast-cancer-patients-correlated-with-treatment-type
#2
Diana V Artene, Cristian I Bordea, Alexandru Blidaru
PURPOSE: Many breast cancer patients gain weight during chemotherapy and antiestrogenic treatment increasing recurrence, oncologic specific and all-cause mortality risks. Patients and Methods: 165 ER+/PR±/HER2- breast cancer patients under antiestrogenic treatment were randomly assigned to follow an at-home diet based on food naturally high in proteins, calcium, probiotics and prebiotics (D), or this diet and 4' isometric exercises (D+Ex) for 1 year. We measured weight (W), body (BF) and visceral fat (VF) using a multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance scale on the 6th and 12th month and we correlated results with chemotherapy, surgery and antiestrogenic medication type...
July 2017: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857425/strain-specific-probiotic-microbial-cell-preparation-and-omega-3-fatty-acid-in-modulating-quality-of-life-and-inflammatory-markers-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Babak Golkhalkhali, Retnagowri Rajandram, Audra Shaleena Paliany, Gwo Fuang Ho, Wan Zamaniah Wan Ishak, Che Shafini Johari, Kin Fah Chin
AIM: Colorectal cancer patients on chemotherapy usually have elevated levels of inflammatory markers and experience numerous side effects from chemotherapy thereby leading to poor quality of life. Omega-3 fatty acid and microbial cell preparation (MCP) have been known to provide significant benefits in patients on chemotherapy. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of supplementation of omega-3 fatty acid and MCP in quality of life, chemotherapy side effects and inflammatory markers in colorectal cancer patients on chemotherapy...
August 31, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794958/saccharomyces-cerevisiae-var-boulardii-fungemia-following-probiotic-treatment
#4
Marcelo C Appel-da-Silva, Gabriel A Narvaez, Leandro R R Perez, Laura Drehmer, Jairo Lewgoy
Probiotics are commonly prescribed as an adjuvant in the treatment of antibiotic-associated diarrhea caused by Clostridium difficile. We report the case of an immunocompromised 73-year-old patient on chemotherapy who developed Saccharomyces cerevisiae var. boulardii fungemia in a central venous catheter during treatment of antibiotic-associated pseudomembranous colitis with the probiotic Saccharomyces cerevisiae var. boulardii. Fungemia was resolved after interruption of probiotic administration without the need to replace the central venous line...
December 2017: Medical Mycology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678976/probiotic-therapy-reduces-inflammation-and-improves-intestinal-morphology-in-rats-with-induced-oral-mucositis
#5
Dayana Gerhard, Frederico José da Silva Simão de Sousa, Rodrigo Antonio Carvalho Andraus, Paulo Eduardo Pardo, Gisele Alborguetti Nai, Hermann Bremer Neto, Michel Reis Messora, Luciana Prado Maia
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of systemic administration of probiotics (PROB) on the progression of experimentally induced oral and intestinal mucositis in rats immunosuppressed by chemotherapy (5-fluorouracil: 5-FU). Twenty-four rats were divided into the following groups (n=6): GC (control), GPROB, G5FU and G5-FU/PROB. Groups GPROB and G5-FU/PROB received 1 g of probiotic incorporated into each 100 g of feed (Bacillus subtilis, Bifidobacterium bifidum, Enterococcus faecium and Lactobacilllus acidophilus), beginning 30 days before oral mucositis induction...
July 3, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640662/using-probiotics-in-clinical-practice-where-are-we-now-a-review-of-existing-meta-analyses
#6
Mariangela Rondanelli, Milena Anna Faliva, Simone Perna, Attilio Giacosa, Gabriella Peroni, Anna Maria Castellazzi
The scientific literature has demonstrated that probiotics have a broad spectrum of activity, although often the results are contradictory. This study provides a critical overview of the current meta-analyses that have evaluated the efficacy of probiotics in physiologic and pathological conditions, such as metabolic disease, antibiotic-associated and Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea, IBS, constipation, IBD, chemotherapy-associated diarrhea, respiratory tract infection, ventilator-associated pneumonia, NAFLD, liver encephalopathy, periodontitis, depression, vaginosis, urinary tract infections, pancreatitis, incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia, hospital infection and stay in ICU, mortality of post-trauma patients, necrotising enterocolitis in premature infants...
June 22, 2017: Gut Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590519/probiotic-bifidobacterium-bifidum-g9-1-attenuates-5-fluorouracil-induced-intestinal-mucositis-in-mice-via-suppression-of-dysbiosis-related-secondary-inflammatory-responses
#7
Shinichi Kato, Nahla Hamouda, Yoshitaro Kano, Yousuke Oikawa, Yoshiki Tanaka, Kenjiro Matsumoto, Kikuko Amagase, Masaki Shimakawa
Bifidobacterium, a major component of the intestinal microbiota, has been clinically used for the treatment of diarrhoea and constipation. 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU), widely used for cancer chemotherapy, is known to frequently induce intestinal mucositis accompanied by severe diarrhoea. The present study examined the effect of Bifidobacterium bifidum G9-1 (BBG9-1) on 5-FU-induced intestinal mucositis in mice. Intestinal mucositis was induced by repeated administration of 5-FU for 6 days. BBG9-1 was administered orally once daily for 9 days, beginning 3 days before the onset of 5-FU treatment...
June 7, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588016/commensal-microbes-provide-first-line-defense-against-listeria-monocytogenes-infection
#8
Simone Becattini, Eric R Littmann, Rebecca A Carter, Sohn G Kim, Sejal M Morjaria, Lilan Ling, Yangtsho Gyaltshen, Emily Fontana, Ying Taur, Ingrid M Leiner, Eric G Pamer
Listeria monocytogenes is a foodborne pathogen that causes septicemia, meningitis and chorioamnionitis and is associated with high mortality. Immunocompetent humans and animals, however, can tolerate high doses of L. monocytogenes without developing systemic disease. The intestinal microbiota provides colonization resistance against many orally acquired pathogens, and antibiotic-mediated depletion of the microbiota reduces host resistance to infection. Here we show that a diverse microbiota markedly reduces Listeria monocytogenes colonization of the gut lumen and prevents systemic dissemination...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275899/spray-dried-formulation-of-5-fluorouracil-embedded-with-probiotic-biomass-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-studies
#9
Anshul Sharma, Malika Arora, Amit K Goyal, Goutam Rath
The present study is utilizing the targeted therapeutic approach and antioxidant potential of selected probiotic biomass in mitigating toxic side effects of chemotherapeutic agents. Multicomponent carrier system consisting of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and selected probiotic strain with higher free radical scavenging activity was prepared using spray drying technique. Prepared spray dried microparticles were characterized for various physical, pharmaceutical, and biopharmaceutical properties including particle size, moisture content, entrapment efficiency, in vitro drug release, DSC, XRD, cell uptake, histopathology, and pharmacokinetic studies...
March 8, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212560/use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam-in-cancer-patients-an-italian-multicenter-survey
#10
Massimiliano Berretta, Chiara Della Pepa, Paolo Tralongo, Alberto Fulvi, Ferdinando Martellotta, Arben Lleshi, Guglielmo Nasti, Rossella Fisichella, Carmela Romano, Chiara De Divitiis, Rosaria Taibi, Francesco Fiorica, Raffaele Di Francia, Anna Di Mari, Lino Del Pup, Anna Crispo, Paolo De Paoli, Adriano Santorelli, Vincenzo Quagliariello, Rosario Vincenzo Iaffaioli, Umberto Tirelli, Gaetano Facchini
INTRODUCTION: Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) include a wide range of products (herbs, vitamins, minerals, and probiotics) and medical practices, developed outside of the mainstream Western medicine. Patients with cancer are more likely to resort to CAM first or then in their disease history; the potential side effects as well as the costs of such practices are largely underestimated. PATIENTS AND METHOD: We conducted a descriptive survey in five Italian hospitals involving 468 patients with different malignancies...
April 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118611/the-influence-of-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-on-gastric-cancer-patients-postoperative-infectious-complications-what-is-the-negative-role-played-by-the-intestinal-barrier-dysfunction
#11
Zhiliang Wei, Bin Tan, Shougen Cao, Shanglong Liu, Xiaojie Tan, Zengwu Yao, Na Yin, Jiante Li, Dongfeng Zhang, Yanbing Zhou
Evidence has shown that neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) is correlated with patients' overall postoperative complications. But investigations on relationship between NACT and postoperative infectious complications, which is closely linked to intestinal barrier damage, were scanty. Accordingly, 90 patients with advanced gastric cancer were included in this study. The differences in postoperative infectious complications were determined between NACT group in which patients received NACT before surgery and SURG group in which received surgical treatment immediately after diagnosis...
June 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106826/colorectal-carcinoma-a-general-overview-and-future-perspectives-in-colorectal-cancer
#12
REVIEW
Inés Mármol, Cristina Sánchez-de-Diego, Alberto Pradilla Dieste, Elena Cerrada, María Jesús Rodriguez Yoldi
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer and the fourth most common cause of cancer-related death. Most cases of CRC are detected in Western countries, with its incidence increasing year by year. The probability of suffering from colorectal cancer is about 4%-5% and the risk for developing CRC is associated with personal features or habits such as age, chronic disease history and lifestyle. In this context, the gut microbiota has a relevant role, and dysbiosis situations can induce colonic carcinogenesis through a chronic inflammation mechanism...
January 19, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994577/metabiotics-one-step-ahead-of-probiotics-an-insight-into-mechanisms-involved-in-anticancerous-effect-in-colorectal-cancer
#13
REVIEW
Mridul Sharma, Geeta Shukla
Colorectal cancer is closely associated with environment, diet and lifestyle. Normally it is treated with surgery, radiotherapy or chemotherapy but increasing systemic toxicity, resistance and recurrence is prompting scientists to devise new potent and safer alternate prophylactic or therapeutic strategies. Among these, probiotics, prebiotics, synbiotics, and metabiotics are being considered as the promising candidates. Metabiotics or probiotic derived factors can optimize various physiological functions of the host and offer an additional advantage to be utilized even in immunosuppressed individuals...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542618/probiotics-as-an-environment-friendly-approach-to-enhance-red-sea-bream-pagrus-major-growth-immune-response-and-oxidative-status
#14
Mahmoud A O Dawood, Shunsuke Koshio, Manabu Ishikawa, Mabrouk El-Sabagh, M Angeles Esteban, Amr I Zaineldin
A usual strategy in modern aquaculture to combat production bottlenecks associated with intensification is preventive health care through the use of consumer and environment-friendly alternatives including probiotics. The current study evaluates the influence of Lactobacillus rhamnosus (LR), a lyophilized probiotic bacterium, on health status and performance of red sea bream (Pagrus major). Probiotics were incorporated in the diets at four different concentrations: 0 (control diet, LR0), 10(2) (LR1), 10(4) (LR2) and 10(6) (LR3) cells g(-1) and diets were administered to the fish for a period of 8 weeks...
October 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27427511/administration-of-probiotic-mixture-dm-1-ameliorated-5-fluorouracil-induced-intestinal-mucositis-and-dysbiosis-in-rats
#15
Yan Tang, Yingtao Wu, Ziyi Huang, Weiwei Dong, Ying Deng, Fengjiao Wang, Ming Li, Jieli Yuan
OBJECTIVE: The use of probiotics to alleviate chemotherapy-induced intestinal mucositis is supported by clinical consensus. However, no studies to date, to our knowledge, have systematically analyzed the effects of a probiotic mixture on chemotherapy-induced mucositis or assessed changes in the intestinal microbiota after probiotic treatment. The aim of this study was to report the effects of a probiotic mixture, DM#1, on intestinal mucositis and dysbiosis of rats treated with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)...
January 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27329608/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-probiotics-for-prevention-of-chemoradiotherapy-induced-diarrhea-in-people-with-abdominal-and-pelvic-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Y-H Wang, N Yao, K-K Wei, L Jiang, S Hanif, Z-X Wang, C-X Pei
A systematic review and meta-analysis were designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of probiotics for prevention of chemoradiotherapy-induced diarrhea in people with abdominal and pelvic cancer. We searched the Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE and Web of Science up to November 2015. We also hand searched the citation lists of included studies and previously identified systematic reviews to identify further relevant trials. Odds ratio (OR) was used to compare efficacy, and the pooled OR was estimated using a random effects model; heterogeneity was assessed with Cochran's Q and the Higgins' I(2)-test...
November 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27221111/combination-therapy-of-lactobacillus-plantarum-supernatant-and-5-fluouracil-increases-chemosensitivity-in-colorectal-cancer-cells
#17
JaeJin An, Eun-Mi Ha
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer in the world. Although 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) is the representative chemotherapy drug for colorectal cancer, it has therapeutic limits due to its chemoresistant characteristics. Colorectal cancer cells can develop into cancer stem cells (CSCs) with self-renewal potential, thereby causing malignant tumors. The human gastrointestinal tract contains a complex gut microbiota that is essential for the host's homeostasis. Recently, many studies have reported correlations between gut flora and the onset, progression, and treatment of CRC...
August 28, 2016: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27151581/probiotic-survey-in-cancer-patients-treated-in-the-outpatient-department-in-a-comprehensive-cancer-center
#18
Sona Ciernikova, Michal Mego, Maria Semanova, Lenka Wachsmannova, Zuzana Adamcikova, Viola Stevurkova, Lubos Drgona, Vladimir Zajac
PURPOSE: Availability without prescription restriction, low cost, and simple oral administration allow cancer patients to use probiotics without knowledge of potential risks. We present a survey of probiotic use and the association with patient tumor characteristics in cancer patients treated at the outpatient department of the National Cancer Institute in Slovakia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between March and December 2014, 499 patients were asked to evaluate their overall experience with probiotics by questionnaire form, including the length and method of use relative to anticancer therapy, expectations, side-effect experiences, understanding of the possible risks, dietary supplement use, and others...
June 2017: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27144297/the-potential-role-of-probiotics-in-cancer-prevention-and-treatment
#19
Ai-Qun Yu, Lianqin Li
The human gut microbiota has a significant effect on many aspects of human physiology such as metabolism, nutrient absorption, and immune function. Imbalance of the microbiota has been implicated in many disorders including inflammatory bowel disease, obesity, asthma, psychiatric illnesses, and cancers. As a kind of functional foods, probiotics have been shown to play a protective role against cancer development in animal models. Clinical application of probiotics indicated that some probiotic strains could diminish the incidence of postoperative inflammation in cancer patients...
May 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27137071/characterization-of-pediococcus-acidilactici-strains-isolated-from-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-feed-and-larvae-safety-dna-fingerprinting-and-bacteriocinogenicity
#20
Carlos Araújo, Estefanía Muñoz-Atienza, Patrícia Poeta, Gilberto Igrejas, Pablo E Hernández, Carmen Herranz, Luis M Cintas
The use of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) as probiotics constitutes an alternative or complementary strategy to chemotherapy and vaccination for disease control in aquaculture. The objectives of this work were (1) the in vitro safety assessment of 8 Pediococcus acidilactici strains isolated from rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum) feed and larvae; (2) the evaluation of their genetic relatedness; (3) the study of their antimicrobial/bacteriocin activity against fish pathogens; and (4) the biochemical and genetic characterization of the bacteriocin produced by the strain displaying the greatest antimicrobial activity...
May 3, 2016: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
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