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chemotherapy probiotic

Mahmoud A O Dawood, Shunsuke Koshio, Manabu Ishikawa, Mabrouk El-Sabagh, M Angeles Esteban, Amr I Zaineldin
A usual strategy in modern aquaculture to combat production bottlenecks associated with intensification is preventive health care through the use of consumer and environment-friendly alternatives including probiotics. The current study evaluates the influence of Lactobacillus rhamnosus (LR), a lyophilized probiotic bacterium, on health status and performance of red sea bream (Pagrus major). Probiotics were incorporated in the diets at four different concentrations: 0 (control diet, LR0), 10(2) (LR1), 10(4) (LR2) and 10(6) (LR3) cells g(-1) and diets were administered to the fish for a period of 8 weeks...
October 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Yan Tang, Yingtao Wu, Ziyi Huang, Weiwei Dong, Ying Deng, Fengjiao Wang, Ming Li, Jieli Yuan
OBJECTIVE: The use of probiotics to alleviate chemotherapy-induced intestinal mucositis is supported by clinical consensus. However, no studies to date, to our knowledge, have systematically analyzed the effects of a probiotic mixture on chemotherapy-induced mucositis or assessed changes in the intestinal microbiota after probiotic treatment. The aim of this study was to report the effects of a probiotic mixture, DM#1, on intestinal mucositis and dysbiosis of rats treated with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)...
May 20, 2016: Nutrition
Y-H Wang, N Yao, K-K Wei, L Jiang, S Hanif, Z-X Wang, C-X Pei
A systematic review and meta-analysis were designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of probiotics for prevention of chemoradiotherapy-induced diarrhea in people with abdominal and pelvic cancer. We searched the Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE and Web of Science up to November 2015. We also hand searched the citation lists of included studies and previously identified systematic reviews to identify further relevant trials. Odds ratio (OR) was used to compare efficacy, and the pooled OR was estimated using a random effects model; heterogeneity was assessed with Cochran's Q and the Higgins' I(2)-test...
June 22, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
JaeJin An, Eun-Mi Ha
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer in the world. Although 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) is the representative chemotherapy drug for colorectal cancer, it has therapeutic limits due to its chemoresistant characteristics. Colorectal cancer cells can develop into cancer stem cells (CSCs) with self-renewal potential, thereby causing malignant tumors. The human gastrointestinal tract contains a complex gut microbiota that is essential for the host's homeostasis. Recently, many studies have reported correlations between gut flora and the onset, progression, and treatment of CRC...
August 28, 2016: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Sona Ciernikova, Michal Mego, Maria Semanova, Lenka Wachsmannova, Zuzana Adamcikova, Viola Stevurkova, Lubos Drgona, Vladimir Zajac
PURPOSE: Availability without prescription restriction, low cost, and simple oral administration allow cancer patients to use probiotics without knowledge of potential risks. We present a survey of probiotic use and the association with patient tumor characteristics in cancer patients treated at the outpatient department of the National Cancer Institute in Slovakia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between March and December 2014, 499 patients were asked to evaluate their overall experience with probiotics by questionnaire form, including the length and method of use relative to anticancer therapy, expectations, side-effect experiences, understanding of the possible risks, dietary supplement use, and others...
May 5, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Ai-Qun Yu, Lianqin Li
The human gut microbiota has a significant effect on many aspects of human physiology such as metabolism, nutrient absorption, and immune function. Imbalance of the microbiota has been implicated in many disorders including inflammatory bowel disease, obesity, asthma, psychiatric illnesses, and cancers. As a kind of functional foods, probiotics have been shown to play a protective role against cancer development in animal models. Clinical application of probiotics indicated that some probiotic strains could diminish the incidence of postoperative inflammation in cancer patients...
May 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
Carlos Araújo, Estefanía Muñoz-Atienza, Patrícia Poeta, Gilberto Igrejas, Pablo E Hernández, Carmen Herranz, Luis M Cintas
The use of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) as probiotics constitutes an alternative or complementary strategy to chemotherapy and vaccination for disease control in aquaculture. The objectives of this work were (1) the in vitro safety assessment of 8 Pediococcus acidilactici strains isolated from rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum) feed and larvae; (2) the evaluation of their genetic relatedness; (3) the study of their antimicrobial/bacteriocin activity against fish pathogens; and (4) the biochemical and genetic characterization of the bacteriocin produced by the strain displaying the greatest antimicrobial activity...
May 3, 2016: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
R W Bastos, S H S P Pedroso, A T Vieira, L M C Moreira, C S França, C T Cartelle, R M E Arantes, S V Generoso, V N Cardoso, M J Neves, J R Nicoli, F S Martins
Indigenous microbiota plays a crucial role in the development of several intestinal diseases, including mucositis. Gastrointestinal mucositis is a major and serious side effect of cancer therapy, and there is no effective therapy for this clinical condition. However, some probiotics have been shown to attenuate such conditions. To evaluate the effects of Saccharomyces cerevisiae UFMG A-905 (Sc-905), a potential probiotic yeast, we investigated whether pre- or post-treatment with viable or inactivated Sc-905 could prevent weight loss and intestinal lesions, and maintain integrity of the mucosal barrier in a mucositis model induced by irinotecan in mice...
September 2016: Beneficial Microbes
Amin Talebi Bezmin Abadi
Over three decades have passed since the discovery of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), and yet many questions about its treatment remain unanswered. For example, there is no certainty regarding continued use of current antibiotic therapy against H. pylori. The bad news is that even combined regimens are also unable to eradicate bacterial colonization. The worst problem with H. pylori chemotherapy is that even if we identify the most successful regimen, it cannot eliminate the risk of re-infection. This problem is further complicated by the fact that clinicians have no information as to whether probiotics are useful or not...
March 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Seema Patel, Arun Goyal
In nutraceutical science, the ingestible live microbes 'probiotics' are regarded for their ability to confer multiplicity of health benefits on the consumers. Wide spectrum impact of these friendly microbes on the host health has been proved very frequently. They have been confirmed to boost immunity, aid in digestion, eliminate pathogens, curb inflammatory bowel diseases, moderate side effects of antibiotic therapy, lower cholesterol and blood glycemic index and produce vitamins. This review, however, focuses on the incipient, but promising area of probiotic diet-based prevention and remedy of cancer...
March 2013: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
Kwang Jae Lee
Chronic diarrhea is usually associated with a number of non-infectious causes. When definitive treatment is unavailable, symptomatic drug therapy is indicated. Pharmacologic agents for chronic diarrhea include loperamide, 5-hydroxytryptamine type 3 (5-HT3) receptor antagonists, diosmectite, cholestyramine, probiotics, antispasmodics, rifaximin, and anti-inflammatory agents. Loperamide, a synthetic opiate agonist, decreases peristaltic activity and inhibits secretion, resulting in the reduction of fluid and electrolyte loss and an increase in stool consistency...
October 2015: Intestinal Research
Chun-Yan Yeung, Wai-Tao Chan, Chun-Bin Jiang, Mei-Lien Cheng, Chia-Yuan Liu, Szu-Wen Chang, Jen-Shiu Chiang Chiau, Hung-Chang Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: PloS One
Chun-Yan Yeung, Wai-Tao Chan, Chun-Bin Jiang, Mei-Lien Cheng, Chia-Yuan Liu, Szu-Wen Chang, Jen-Shiu Chiang Chiau, Hung-Chang Lee
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Intestinal mucositis is a frequently encountered side effect in oncology patients undergoing chemotherapy. No well-established or up to date therapeutic strategies are available. To study a novel way to alleviate mucositis, we investigate the effects and safety of probiotic supplementation in ameliorating 5-FU-induced intestinal mucositis in a mouse model. METHODS: Seventy-two mice were injected saline or 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) intraperitoneally daily...
2015: PloS One
Carlos Araújo, Estefanía Muñoz-Atienza, Tania Pérez-Sánchez, Patrícia Poeta, Gilberto Igrejas, Pablo E Hernández, Carmen Herranz, Imanol Ruiz-Zarzuela, Luis M Cintas
Probiotics represent an alternative to chemotherapy and vaccination to control fish diseases, including lactococcosis caused by Lactococcus garvieae. The aims of this study were (i) to determine the in vitro probiotic properties of three bacteriocinogenic Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris of aquatic origin, (ii) to evaluate in vivo the ability of L. cremoris WA2-67 to protect rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum) against infection by L. garvieae, and (iii) to demonstrate the role of nisin Z (NisZ) production as an anti-infective mechanism...
December 2015: Marine Biotechnology
Michal Mego, Jozef Chovanec, Iveta Vochyanova-Andrezalova, Peter Konkolovsky, Milada Mikulova, Maria Reckova, Vera Miskovska, Branislav Bystricky, Juraj Beniak, Lenka Medvecova, Adela Lagin, Daniela Svetlovska, Stanislav Spanik, Vladimir Zajac, Jozef Mardiak, Lubos Drgona
PURPOSE: Diarrhea is one of the dose limiting toxicity of irinotecan. SN-38 is main irinotecan metabolite responsible for diarrhea development, which is excreted in glucuronidated form into the intestine. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of the probiotics in the prevention of irinotecan induced diarrhea due to reduction of intestinal beta-d-glucuronidase activity. METHODS: Between January 2011 and December 2013, 46 patients with colorectal cancer starting a new line of irinotecan based therapy were included...
June 2015: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Jingtao Hu, Chunfeng Wang, Liping Ye, Wentao Yang, Haibin Huang, Fei Meng, Shaohua Shi, Zhuang Ding
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most prevalent forms of cancer that shows a high mortality and increasing incidence. There are numerous successful treatment options for CRC, including surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and immunotherapy; however, their side effects and limitations are considerable. Probiotics may be an effective strategy for preventing and inhibiting tumour growth through stimulation of host innate and adaptive immunity. We investigated and compared potential anti-tumour immune responses induced by two isolated Lactobacillus strains, Lactobacillus plantarum A and Lactobacillus rhamnosus b, by pre-inoculating mice with lactobacilli for 14 days...
June 2015: Journal of Biosciences
Matthew A Ciorba, Christopher L Hallemeier, William F Stenson, Parag J Parikh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There is currently an unmet need for agents that can prevent the gastrointestinal toxicity (mucositis and enteritis) associated with chemotherapy and radiation therapy of abdominal and pelvic cancers. Herein we provide an overview of how manipulation of the gut microbiota by probiotic administration affects these gastrointestinal symptoms. We focus this review on published human trials and also provide suggestions on how the field can move forward. RECENT FINDINGS: Several clinical trials of varying design, patient populations and probiotic products have been reported...
June 2015: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
Umme Hani, Hosakote G Shivakumar, Rudra Vaghela, Riyaz Ali M Osmani, Atul Shrivastava
Despite therapeutic advances candidiasis remains a common fungal infection most frequently caused by C. albicans and may occur as vulvovaginal candidiasis or thrush, a mucocutaneous candidiasis. Candidiasis frequently occurs in newborns, in immune-deficient people like AIDS patients, and in people being treated with broad spectrum antibiotics. It is mainly due to C. albicans while other species such as C. tropicalis, C. glabrata, C. parapsilosis and C. krusei are increasingly isolated. OTC antifungal dosage forms such as creams and gels can be used for effective treatment of local candidiasis...
2015: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
Priscilla F C Justino, Luis F M Melo, Andre F Nogueira, Cecila M Morais, Walber O Mendes, Alvaro X Franco, Emmanuel P Souza, Ronaldo A Ribeiro, Marcellus H L P Souza, Pedro Marcos Gomes Soares
PURPOSE: Lactobacillus acidophilus is widely used for gastrointestinal disorders, but its role in inflammatory conditions like in chemotherapy-induced mucositis is unclear. Here, we report the effect of L. acidophilus on 5-fluorouracil-induced (5-FU) intestinal mucositis in mice. METHODS: Mice weighing 25-30 g (n = 8) were separated into three groups, saline, 5-FU, and 5-FU + L. acidophilus (5-FU-La) (16 × 10(9) CFU/kg). In the 5-FU-La group, L. acidophilus was administered concomitantly with 5-FU on the first day and alone for two additional days...
March 2015: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Jin Liu, Xin-En Huang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and side effects of Bifidobacterium tetragenous viable bacteria tablets in treating cancer patients with functional constipation during chemotherapy. METHODS: A consecutive cohort of 100 cancer patients with functional constipation were divided into two equal groups: patients in the experimental group were given Bifidobacterium tetragenous viable bacteria tablets combined with chemotherapy, while patients in the control group received chemotherapy alone...
2014: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
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