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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537698/synthetic-mesh-repair-of-an-anterior-perineal-hernia-following-robotic-radical-urethrocystectomy
#1
Horacio J Alvarez Garzón, Thomas Maubon, Camille Jauffret, Pierre Vieille, Brigitte Fatton, Renaud de Tayrac
INTRODUCTION: Perineal hernia is a protrusion of intra-abdominal viscera through a defect in the pelvic floor and is a rare but challenging complication after extensive abdominoperineal surgery. There have been small series published after colorectal exenteration, but no cases have been reported after radical cystectomy and urethrectomy. CASE PRESENTATION: A 68 years old woman developed an anterior perineal hernia, with no vaginal prolapse, after an anterior exenteration for bladder cancer...
May 23, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533799/definitive-three-dimensional-high-dose-rate-brachytherapy-for-inoperable-endometrial-cancer
#2
Lorena Draghini, Ernesto Maranzano, Michelina Casale, Fabio Trippa, Paola Anselmo, Fabio Arcidiacono, Stefania Fabiani, Marco Italiani, Luigia Chirico, Marco Muti
PURPOSE: To report our experience on high-dose-rate brachytherapy (HDR-BT) in patients with stage I-III endometrial cancer unfit to surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventeen patients underwent HDR-BT as definitive treatment. Median age was 79 years (range, 60-95), median Karnofsky performance status 90% (range, 60-100). Histology was endometrial adenocarcinoma in 14 (82%), and non-endometrial in 3 (18%) patients. In 15 (88%) patients, clinical stage was I and in remaining 2 (12%) was III...
April 2017: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530629/-laparoendoscopic-single-site-less-ureteral-reimplantation
#3
Pedro M Cabrera Castillo, Felipe Cáceres Jiménez
OBJECTIVE: To present in detail our surgical technique and to show our initial experience with ureteral reimplantation using the transumbilical LESS approach to treat patients with ureteral stenosis secondary to various diseases and surgical complications. METHODS: We performed 7 ureteral reimplantations from February 2012, using the multichannel Richard- Wolf (KeyPort) platform placed transumbilical by a small 2-2,5 cm transversal incision. We always use a 3.5 mm minilaparoscopy accessory trocar in the right iliac fossa, that is crucial to perform the laparoscopic suturing safely for the patient and in an optimal time...
May 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530617/-principles-of-urinary-tract-reconstructive-surgery
#4
Juan Gomez Rivas, Jesús Cisneros Ledo
INTRODUCTION: In the last 15 years, the role of laparoscopic surgery has progressively increased to include reconstructive procedures such as pyeloplasty and management of ureteral stricture, in addition to being a field in continuous development, this refers to the improvement of ergonomics, new instruments and new techniques. We present a review on basic features of laparoscopic reconstructive surgery in urology. ACQUISITION OF EVIDENCE: For this review, an exhaustive literature search was performed in PUBMED, MEDILNE, BioMed central and others, with the keywords: reconstructive surgery, urology, laparoscopy...
May 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528932/robot-assisted-gynaecological-cancer-surgery-complications-and-prevention
#5
REVIEW
Ka Yu Tse, Hextan Yuen Sheung Ngan, Peter Christopher Lim
Ever since the US Food and Drug Administration approval of the use of da Vinci surgical systems (Intuitive Surgical Inc., Sunnyvale, California) in gynaecology in 2005, robot-assisted surgery has been widely adopted in different countries. Some of the applications in benign and oncological gynaecology include myomectomy, sacrocolpopexy, tubal anastomosis, simple hysterectomy, radical hysterectomy, radical trachelectomy, pelvic and/or para-aortic lymphadenectomy and even debulking surgery for ovarian cancer and pelvic exenteration for recurrent cervical and vaginal cancer...
April 23, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509325/an-alternative-approach-to-gynecological-wound-healing
#6
Jakub Rzepka, Katarzyna Mosoń, Romuald Dębski
An 89-year-old woman was reffered to our Clinic with vulvar cancer. She also suffered from obesity [with body mass index (BMI) 35 kg/m2], persistent hypertension, diabetes mellitus type 2 treated with oral medications. In 2015 she underwent a surgery due to endometrial carcinoma. Total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salphingoophorectomy, omentectomy and pelvical node dissection was performed (histopathology revealed adenocarcinoma serosum G2; FIGO stage Ib). In January 2016 after vulvar ulceration biopsy plano-epithelial squamous vulvar cancer was diagnosed...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506945/urinary-fistula-a-continuing-problem-with-changing-trends
#7
Sunesh Kumar, Richa Vatsa, Juhi Bharti, Kallol Kumar Roy, Jai Bhagwan Sharma, Neeta Singh, Jyoti Meena, Seema Singhal
OBJECTIVE: Urinary fistula is a distressing complication after difficult vaginal deliveries, obstetric, and gynecologic surgeries. The present study describes a single center's experience in the management of urinary fistula at a tertiary care hospital. It was performed to analyze the etiology of genitourinary fistula, to assess the outcome after surgical repair, and to determine the changing trends in the etiology and management of urinary fistula. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted over 5 years in the department of obstetrics and gynecology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi...
March 15, 2017: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506877/clinical-practice-guidelines-synthesis-of-the-guidelines-for-the-surgical-treatment-of-primary-pelvic-organ-prolapse-in-women-by-the-afu-cngof-sifud-pp-snfcp-and-scgp
#8
L Le Normand, M Cosson, F Cour, X Deffieux, L Donon, P Ferry, B Fatton, J-F Hermieu, H Marret, G Meurette, A Cortesse, L Wagner, X Fritel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503518/laparoscopic-vaginal-suspension-and-rectopexy-for-rectal-prolapse
#9
Shi-Jun Yang, Seo-Gue Yoon, Ki-Yun Lim, Jong-Kyun Lee
PURPOSE: Laparoscopic procedures for the treatment of patients with a rectal prolapse have gained increasing worldwide acceptance because they have lower recurrence and better functional outcome than perineal procedures. Nevertheless, ideal surgical methods are still not available. We propose a new surgical technique, laparoscopic vaginal suspension and rectopexy, for correcting a full-thickness rectal prolapse and/or middle-compartment prolapse. This study assessed the short-term outcomes for patients who underwent laparoscopic vaginal suspension and rectopexy...
April 2017: Annals of Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502966/laparoscopic-repair-of-vaginal-evisceration-after-abdominal-hysterectomy-for-uterine-corpus-cancer-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#10
Tomohiko Matsuhashi, Kazuho Nakanishi, Eri Hamano, Seiryu Kamoi, Toshiyuki Takeshita
Vaginal cuff dehiscence is a rare but serious complication that can develop after hysterectomy. Emergent surgical intervention is required for vaginal cuff dehiscence due to the potential subsequent vaginal evisceration, which may lead to necrosis of the small bowel. A 62-year-old nulliparous woman with a 30-year history of smoking, diabetes mellitus, and rheumatoid arthritis (treated with oral steroids) presented with a vaginal cuff dehiscence. Thirty-eight days before the admission, she had undergone a radical operation including total abdominal hysterectomy for uterine corpus cancer at another hospital...
2017: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498262/sarcoma-risk-in-uterine-surgery-in-a-tertiary-university-hospital-in-germany
#11
Sudip Kundu, Manuel Zachen, Hermann Hertel, Peter Hillemanns, Philipp Soergel
OBJECTIVES: There is a risk to incidentally spread uterine malignancies, especially sarcoma, if tissue is morcellated during hysterectomy or myoma enucleation. In the last years, a worldwide discussion has been started about this problem. However, the risk seems to be very small in recent studies. This study aims at further investigating the risk of disseminating uterine malignancy during uterine surgery in a tertiary university hospital in Germany. METHODS: In a retrospective setting, all cases of uterine myometrial surgery (hysterectomies and myomectomies) in our clinic during a period of 10 years were identified using clinical databases...
June 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498243/a-controlled-study-on-vaginal-blood-flow-during-sexual-arousal-among-early-stage-cervical-cancer-survivors-treated-with-conventional-radical-or-nerve-sparing-surgery-with-or-without-radiotherapy
#12
Rinske Maria Bakker, Quirine D Pieterse, Luc R C W van Lonkhuijzen, Baptist J B M Z Trimbos, Carien L Creutzberg, Gemma G Kenter, Cor D de Kroon, Moniek M Ter Kuile
OBJECTIVE: Sexual problems among cervical cancer survivors may in part be caused by reduced vaginal blood flow due to damaged hypogastric nerves during radical hysterectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy and/or by radiation-induced vaginal changes after pelvic radiotherapy. A nerve-sparing modification of radical hysterectomy (NSRH) may preserve vaginal blood flow. Vaginal blood flow during sexual arousal was compared between different treatment modalities. METHODS: We investigated premenopausal women treated for early-stage cervical cancer with radical hysterectomy (n = 29), NSRH (n = 28), NSRH with radiotherapy (n = 14), and controls (n = 31)...
June 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498240/simple-vaginal-trachelectomy-a-valuable-fertility-preserving-option-in-early-stage-cervical-cancer
#13
Marie Plante, Marie-Claude Renaud, Alexandra Sebastianelli, Jean Gregoire
OBJECTIVE: Radical trachelectomy is a valid alternative for the treatment of early-stage cervical cancer in young women who wish to preserve fertility potential. Recent data indicate that even less radical surgery could be performed in low-risk cases. The objective of our study was to evaluate the safety of simple vaginal trachelectomy and node assessment in patients with low-risk, early-stage cervical cancer (<2 cm). METHODS: From May 2007 to July 2016, 35 women underwent a simple vaginal trachelectomy with laparoscopic sentinel lymph node mapping + pelvic node dissection...
June 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494266/pelvic-organ-prolapse-surgery-in-finland-from-1987-to-2009-a-national-register-based-study
#14
Kaisa Kurkijärvi, Riikka Aaltonen, Mika Gissler, Juha Mäkinen
OBJECTIVES: To establish the trends in pelvic floor surgery in Finnish female population and to evaluate the age-specific incidence as well as the lifetime risk for pelvic organ prolapse surgery. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a population-based register study, which includes all Finnish women (n=77 906), who underwent surgery for pelvic organ prolapse in Finland 1987-2009. The women were identified in the Care Register for Health Care based on the procedure codes. Number of procedures, age-adjusted incidence, age-specific incidence, cumulative incidence, lifetime risk were calculated...
April 4, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492016/vaginal-rejuvenation-using-energy-based-devices
#15
REVIEW
Cheryl Karcher, Neil Sadick
Physiologic changes in a woman's life, such as childbirth, weight fluctuations, and hormonal changes due to aging and menopause, may alter the laxity of the vaginal canal, damage the pelvic floor, and devitalize the mucosal tone of the vaginal wall. These events often lead to the development of genitourinary conditions such as stress urinary incontinence; vaginal atrophy; dryness; and physiologic distress affecting a woman's quality of life, self-confidence, and sexuality. Various treatment modalities are currently available to manage these indications, varying from invasive vaginal surgery to more benign treatments like topical vaginal hormonal gels or hormone-replacement therapy...
September 2016: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487243/towards-rebuilding-vaginal-support-utilizing-an-extracellular-matrix-bioscaffold
#16
Rui Liang, Katrina Knight, Deanna Easley, Stacy Palcsey, Steven Abramowitch, Pamela A Moalli
As an alternative to polypropylene mesh, we explored an extracellular matrix (ECM) bioscaffold derived from urinary bladder matrix (MatriStem™) in the repair of vaginal prolapse. We aimed to restore disrupted vaginal support simulating application via transvaginal and transabdominal approaches in a macaque model focusing on the impact on vaginal structure, function, and the host immune response. In 16 macaques, after laparotomy, the uterosacral ligaments and paravaginal attachments to pelvic side wall were completely transected (IACUC# 13081928)...
May 6, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486371/trends-in-mode-of-hysterectomy-after-the-u-s-food-and-drug-administration-power-morcellation-advisory
#17
Helga Ottarsdottir, Sarah L Cohen, Mary Cox, Allison Vitonis, Jon I Einarsson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the trends in mode of surgery for benign hysterectomy after the 2014 U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) morcellation guidelines. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of all patients who underwent a hysterectomy for benign indications, specifically for leiomyomas, at Brigham and Women's Hospital from 2013 to 2015. The rates of abdominal, vaginal, laparoscopic, and robotic-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy as well as the perioperative outcomes were compared over the study period...
June 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485195/is-routine-adnexal-scanning-for-postmenopausal-bleeding-of-value-observational-study-of-2101-women
#18
Shagaf Bakour, Emmanuel Emovon, James Nevin, Ayman A A Ewies
Our objective is to assess the merits of adnexal scanning during the investigation of women with postmenopausal bleeding (PMB) in terms of adnexal cancer diagnosis. This observational study was designed utilising an institutional PMB database in a teaching hospital, analysing a sample of 2101 consecutive women with PMB seen between 16th February 2012 and 12th August 2014 looking at the prevalence of cancer in adnexal masses identified on Trans-vaginal ultrasound scanning (TVS) in these PMB women. This study suggests that routine adnexal scanning in women with PMB may provide no benefit...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483662/the-management-of-polyps-in-female-reproductive-organs
#19
REVIEW
Vasilios Tanos, Kelsey Elizabeth Berry, Jaana Seikkula, Elissa Abi Raad, Andreas Stavroulis, Zaki Sleiman, Rudi Campo, Stephan Gordts
Polyps of the lower reproductive tract are found in 7.8-50% of women. It has been hypothesized that cytogenetic modifications on chromosomes 6, 7 and 12 as well as epigenetic factors involving enzyme and metabolic activities may cause polyps to develop. Cervical polyps found in 2-5% of cases are of low clinical significance and can cause, although rarely, post coital bleedings. Cervical polyps grow during pregnancy and mucorrhoea. Trans vaginal ultrasound (TVU) provides an excellent diagnostic technique to diagnose the size and the anatomic location of endometrial polyps (EPs)...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479877/laparoscopic-uterovaginal-prolapse-surgery-in-the-elderly-feasibility-and-outcomes
#20
Samuel W King, Helen Jefferis, Simon Jackson, Alexander G Marfin, Natalia Price
BACKGROUND: Uterovaginal prolapse in very elderly women is a growing problem due to increased life expectancy. Surgeons and anaesthetists may be wary of performing quality of life surgery on this higher risk group. Where surgery is undertaken, it is commonly performed vaginally; there is a perception that this is better tolerated than abdominal surgery. Little data is published about laparoscopic prolapse surgery tolerability in this population, and laparoscopic surgery is perceived within the urogynaecological community as complex and lengthy and hence inherently unsuitable for the very elderly...
2017: Gynecological Surgery
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