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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230615/the-effect-of-intravenous-acetaminophen-on-postoperative-pain-and-narcotic-consumption-after-vaginal-reconstructive-surgery-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#1
Catrina C Crisp, Madiha Khan, Donna L Lambers, Lauren B Westermann, Donna M Mazloomdoost, Jennifer J Yeung, Steven D Kleeman, Rachel N Pauls
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the effect of intravenous acetaminophen versus placebo on postoperative pain, satisfaction with pain control, and narcotic use after vaginal reconstructive surgery. METHODS: This was an institutional review board-approved, double-blind placebo-controlled randomized trial. Women scheduled for reconstructive surgery including vaginal hysterectomy and vaginal vault suspension were enrolled. Subjects received 1000 mg of intravenous acetaminophen or 100 mL placebo every 6 hours for 24 hours...
March 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224269/severe-pelvic-organ-prolapse-treated-by-vaginal-native-tissue-repair-long-term-analysis-of-outcomes-in-146-patients
#2
Michele Carlo Schiavi, Giorgia Perniola, Violante Di Donato, Virginia Sibilla Visentin, Flaminia Vena, Anna Di Pinto, Marzio Angelo Zullo, Marco Monti, Pierluigi Benedetti Panici
AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness and safety of vaginal native tissue repair (VNTR) as a surgical treatment for severe pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and, second, to evaluate the impact on the quality-of-life (QoL) and sexual function. METHODS: Women with symptomatic POP (≥III stage according to POP Quantification System) with or without stress urinary incontinence (SUI) underwent VNTR. The clinical stage, 3-day voiding diary, and urodynamic testing were evaluated in the preoperative and postoperative times, respectively...
February 21, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220946/light-and-energy-based-therapeutics-for-genitourinary-syndrome-of-menopause-consensus-and-controversies
#3
Yona Tadir, Adrian Gaspar, Ahinoam Lev-Sagie, Macrene Alexiades, Red Alinsod, Alex Bader, Alberto Calligaro, Jorge A Elias, Marco Gambaciani, Jorge E Graviria, Cheryl B Iglesia, Ksenija Selih-Martinec, Patricia L Mwesigwa, Urska B Ogrinc, Stefano Salvatore, Paolo Scollo, Nicola Zerbinati, John Stuart Nelson
Gynecologist and plastic surgeons pioneered the application of lasers in medicine and surgery almost 5 decades ago, initially used to treat cervical and vaginal pathologies. Ever since, energy-based devices have been deployed to treat pelvic pathologies and improve fertility. Recent technological developments triggered an unprecedented wave of publications, assessing the efficacy of fractional laser, and radiofrequency on the vaginal wall in reversing natural aging processes. Studies have shown that a certain degree of thermal energy deposited on the vaginal wall stimulates proliferation of the glycogen-enriched epithelium, neovascularization, and collagen formation in the lamina propria, and improves natural lubrication and control of urination...
February 21, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220540/results-of-surgical-excision-of-urethral-prolapse-in-symptomatic-patients
#4
Mary E Hall, Tola Oyesanya, Anne P Cameron
AIM: Here, we present the clinical presentation and surgical outcomes of women with symptomatic urethral prolapse presenting to our institution over 20 years, and seek to provide treatment recommendations for management of symptomatic urethral prolapse and caruncle. METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records from female patients who underwent surgery for symptomatic urethral prolapse from June 1995 to August 2015 was performed. Surgical technique consisted of a four-quadrant excisional approach for repair of urethral prolapse...
February 21, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218565/-total-laparoscopic-hysterectomy-with-the-coagulation-of-the-uterine-arteries-at-their-origin
#5
Rudolf Lampé, Csaba Móré, Ilona Fazekas, Róbert Póka
INTRODUCTION: Hysterectomy is one of the most frequently performed gynecological operations worldwide. Due to patient perceived advantages of technical development laparoscopic hysterectomy has become a widely used method. The attitude of patients, surgeons and service providers to laparoscopic procedures is not uniform, but total laparoscopic hysterectomy has prevailed due to its advantages from other types of laparoscopic hysterectomies. Coagulation of the uterine arteries at their origin during the standardized method of total laparoscopic hysterectomy provides further benefits for this procedure...
February 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217683/lymphoepithelioma-like-carcinoma-of-the-uterine-cervix
#6
Hyun Sil Yun, Sun Kyung Lee, Gun Yoon, Hwi Gon Kim, Dong Hyung Lee, Yong Jin Na, Ook Hwan Choi, Dong Hoon Shin, Yong Jung Song
Lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma (LELC) of the uterine cervix is exceedingly uncommon. We herein report a rare case of cervical LELC. A 45-year-old woman was admitted to gynecology department with vaginal bleeding for one month. Liquid-based cytology revealed atypical endometrial cells, not otherwise specified on her cervix. On a hysteroscopy, an endocervical mass was identified and the pathologic result was consistent with poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma. Magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography with 2-deoxy-2-[fluorine-18] fluoro-D-glucose integrated with computed tomography revealed a 3...
January 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216920/posthysterectomy-ureteric-injuries-presentation-and-outcome-of-management
#7
S B Patil, Nilesh Guru, V S Kundargi, B S Patil, Nikhil Patil, Kshitiz Ranka
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the presentation and management of posthysterectomy ureteral injuries. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fourteen patients with ureteric injuries after hysterectomy for benign diseases were evaluated. The diagnosis was done based on clinical presentation, intravenous urogram, computed tomography, cystoscopy, and retrograde pyelogram (RGP) depending on the clinical situation. RESULTS: Sixteen iatrogenic ureteric injuries in 14 patients over a 2-year period were evaluated...
January 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216458/incidence-of-malignancy-and-fibroid-variants-at-surgery-for-presumed-benign-symptomatic-fibroids
#8
Monique Ramos Damasco, Pui-Wan Kiri Chan, Marnie Slonim, Woun-Eng Catarina Ang, Martin Graham Healey
STUDY OBJECTIVE: In women undergoing hysterectomy or myomectomy for benign gynecology indications, where fibroids were present, to estimate the incidence of (1) leiomyosarcoma (LMS), (2) other uterine pathology (3) the frequency of use of morcellation, both mechanical and manual in laparoscopic, vaginal and laparotomy operative routes. DESIGN: Retrospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II-3). SETTING: The Royal Women's Hospital, Melbourne Australia...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215494/2d-versus-3d-in-laparoscopic-surgery-by-beginners-and-experts-a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-a-pelvitrainer-in-objectively-graded-surgical-steps
#9
Johannes Spille, Antonia Wenners, Ulrike von Hehn, Nicolai Maass, Ulrich Pecks, Liselotte Mettler, Ibrahim Alkatout
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Progress in endoscopic surgery in the past few decades has led to the application of 3-dimensional (3D) procedures in operating rooms. This permits patient- and surgeon-friendly operations and also maximizes the superiority of laparoscopy over laparotomy. In this study, we compare 2-dimensional (2D) and 3D endoscopy techniques with regard to time, efficiency, optics, and handling by users with different degrees of experience at 4 difficulty levels. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial on a pelvitrainer in objectively graded surgical steps for students and postgraduates...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213799/the-hybrid-technique-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse-treatment-apical-sling-and-subfascial-colporrhaphy
#10
Dmitry Shkarupa, Nikita Kubin, Alexey Pisarev, Anastasiya Zaytseva, Ekaterina Shapovalova
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The majority of patients with cystocele undergoing reconstructive surgery have combined defects of pubocervical fascia and uterosacral/cardinal ligament complex. In this regard, the simultaneous correction of both defects is rational. Furthermore, decreasing the use of synthetic materials in pelvic floor surgery is an important goal. The aim was to evaluate the objective and subjective cure rate of a hybrid technique: bilateral sacrospinous fixation using modern monofilament synthetic tape (apical sling) combined with the original technique of subfascial colporrhaphy...
February 17, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213795/thigh-exploration-for-excision-of-a-transobturator-sling
#11
Alana M Murphy, Howard B Goldman
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Groin pain is a known complication of transobturator mesh placement. The objective of this instructional video is to present the surgical technique used to excise the thigh portion of a sling in a patient with persistent thigh pain after placement of a transobturator sling. METHODS: The featured patient is a 49-year-old woman with a history of bilateral groin pain since undergoing placement of a type one polypropylene transobturator sling...
February 17, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210025/vascular-lipoleiomyoma-of-the-uterus-an-unusual-case
#12
Vesna Chibisheva, Vesna Antovska, Milka Trajanova, Drage Dabeski, Rubens Jovanovic, Ivana Kijajova
INTRODUCTION: Uterine lipoleiomyomas are a rare type of uterine myomas, which have been seldom diagnosed and are less known and still unusual. Histologically they are composed of smooth muscle cells with multiple fat cells and fibrous tissue. Their pathogenesis is still a stigmata and their preoperative diagnosis is still questionable. CASE REPORT HISTORY: A 39-year old woman presented at the University clinic for obstetrics and gynecology with complaints of a mild low abdominal and pelvic pain, increased frequency of vaginal bleeding and abdominal distension...
December 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209456/the-role-of-stereotactic-ablative-body-radiotherapy-in-gynaecological-cancers-a-systematic-review
#13
L C Mendez, E Leung, P Cheung, L Barbera
AIMS: To summarise and evaluate the current literature in gynaecological tumours treated with stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy (SABR) through a systematic review using the Preferred Reported Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) guideline. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search through Medline, EMBASE and Cochrane databases resulted in 22 pertinent manuscripts. Selected studies evaluated the locoregional role of SABR in gynaecological tumours, regardless of SABR clinical indication...
February 13, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208544/re-the-role-of-obesity-in-success-and-complications-in-patients-undergoing-retropubic-tension-free-vaginal-tape-surgery
#14
Alan J Wein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203451/case-report-a-rare-cause-of-complicated-urinary-tract-infection-in-a-woman-with-herlyn-werner-wunderlich-syndrome
#15
Jun-Li Tsai, Shang-Feng Tsai
INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infection is a common disease in the general population. However, in patients with frequent urinary tract infection, it is important to determine any treatable cause to avoid recurrence. CASE PRESENTATION: Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome or OHVIRA syndrome is a very rare congenital anomaly with uterus didelphys, obstructed hemivagina, and ipsilateral renal agenesis. The earliest presentation of this syndrome is hematocolpos that develops during menstruation and results in dysmenorrhea and a pelvic mass shortly after menarche...
November 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203133/simultaneously-diagnosed-and-successfully-treated-rectovaginal-and-vesicovaginal-fistulae-after-low-anterior-resection-with-concomitant-resection-of-female-genitalia
#16
Chisato Takagi, Hideo Baba, Kazuo Yamafuji, Atsunori Asami, Kaoru Takeshima, Nobuhiko Okamoto, Hidena Takahashi, Kiyoshi Kubochi
Rectovaginal fistula (RVF) and vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) are infrequent but distressing complications after pelvic surgery. However, their adequate treatment is not well described. Here, we simultaneously encountered and successfully treated RVF and VVF after radical surgery for rectal cancer. A 70-year-old woman underwent low anterior resection (LAR) combined with resection of the uterus, the bilateral adnexa, and the upper side of the vagina, as well as diverted ileostomy for rectal cancer. A month after the surgery, she developed urinary incontinence and underwent medical treatment, but her symptoms did not improve...
January 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199078/anterior-six-arms-prolene-mesh-for-high-stage-vaginal-prolapse-five-years-follow-up
#17
Luis Gustavo M de Toledo, André Costa-Matos, Susane Mey Hwang, Raquel Dória Ramos Richetti, Silvia S Carramão, Antônio P F Auge
INTRODUCTION: In high stage vaginal prolapse, recurrence risk patients, anterior and apical defects need to be addressed in the same procedure. The pre-molded commercial mesh kits are expensive and not always available. Alternative effective and safe treatment ways, with lower costs are desirable. OBJECTIVE: To present long term follow-up of patients treated with a homemade mesh shape to correct high stage prolapses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We describe prospectively 18 patients with anterior and apical vaginal prolapses, stages III and IV, repaired using this specific design of mesh...
February 15, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197351/a-case-of-malignant-melanoma-of-the-uterine-cervix-with-disseminated-metastases-throughout-the-vaginal-wall
#18
Tomoko Noguchi, Nami Ota, Yasushi Mabuchi, Shigetaka Yagi, Sawako Minami, Hisako Okuhira, Yuki Yamamoto, Yasushi Nakamura, Kazuhiko Ino
Malignant melanoma (MM) in the female genital tract accounts for less than 2% of all melanomas, and the vast majority associated occur in the vulva and vagina. Primary MM of the uterine cervix is extremely rare and its prognosis is very poor. We report a case of primary MM of the cervix with dissemination throughout the vaginal wall. A 66-year-old woman presented with postmenopausal bleeding. Gynecologic examination demonstrated a 2 cm polypoid blackish-pigmented tumor on the cervix with multiple small blackish-pigmented lesions throughout the vaginal wall...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195378/to-cut-or-not-to-cut-that-is-the-question-a-review-of-the-anatomy-the-technique-risks-and-benefits-of-an-episiotomy
#19
REVIEW
Mitchel Alan Muhleman, Islam Aly, Andrew Walters, Nitsa Topale, R Shane Tubbs, Marios Loukas
Childbirth can be a traumatic experience on the female body. Some techniques may be implemented to make the process smoother and decrease the potential lacerations that can occur. Episiotomies have been used by obstetricians and midwives to help make the fetal decent down the vaginal canal less turbulent. A physician must use his best judgment on when it is necessary to make this incision and what form of incision to make. Before making an incision one must understand the female external and internal anatomy and thoroughly comprehend the stages of birth to understand how and what complications can occur...
February 13, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194347/is-rectosigmoid-vaginoplasty-still-useful
#20
Seok-Kwun Kim, Ji-Woen Park, Kwang-Ryeol Lim, Keun-Cheol Lee
BACKGROUND: The ideal vaginoplasty must be successful functionally as well as have a natural appearance, and also must retain its functionality and appearance over the long term. Conventional vaginoplasty techniques have functional limitations and are associated with recurrent complications, but rectosigmoid vaginoplasty is known to have a high satisfaction rate due to its functional similarity with the vagina. We conducted the present study to assess the usability of rectosigmoid vaginoplasty over the course of long-term follow-up...
January 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
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