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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306603/current-treatment-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse-correlated-with-chronic-pelvic-pain-bladder-and-bowel-dysfunction
#1
Bernhard Liedl, Klaus Goeschen, Leopold Durner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to critically analyze the relationship between symptoms of abnormal emptying of the bladder, urgency, pelvic pain, anorectal dysfunction and pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and to present evidence in order to show how many of the above mentioned symptoms can be cured or substantially improved by repair of specific pelvic ligaments. RECENT FINDINGS: In this review, we provide evidence to show how often these dysfunctions occur and how they can be cured in 42-94% by appropriate pelvic floor surgery in the longer term, up to 2 years...
March 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304415/vaginal-obliterative-procedures-for-pelvic-organ-prolapse-a-systematic-review
#2
Gunhilde M Buchsbaum, Toy Gee Lee
Importance: Pelvic organ prolapse is a common condition, the prevalence of which is likely to increase with the aging of our population. Also changing are parameters by which outcomes are assessed, shifting toward patient-centered care. Objective: To review vaginal obliterative procedures for surgical treatment of advanced pelvic organ prolapse historically and to discuss evidence on indications for colpocleisis, outcomes, and complications, as well as review pros and cons for concomitant vaginal hysterectomy and anti-incontinence procedures...
March 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299405/validation-of-the-international-consultation-on-incontinence-questionnaire-vaginal-symptoms-iciq-vs-in-two-south-asian-languages
#3
Chanil D Ekanayake, Arunasalam Pathmeswaran, Rasika P Herath, H Suharshi S Perera, Malitha Patabendige, Prasantha S Wijesinghe
INTRODUCTION: The multifaceted nature of pelvic floor disorders means that a systematic evaluation is required for optimal treatment outcome. It is also generally acknowledged that a valid tool is necessary to objectively assess symptoms reported by affected women. METHODS: The International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Vaginal Symptoms (ICIQ-VS) questionnaire was translated to Sinhala and Tamil and a validation study carried out among women attending gynecology clinics at North Colombo Teaching Hospital, Ragama, and the district general hospitals Mannar and Vavuniya...
March 16, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294563/a-new-material-for-tissue-engineered-vagina-reconstruction-acellular-porcine-vagina-matrix
#4
Jing-Kun Zhang, Run-Xuan Du, Lin Zhang, Ya-Nan Li, Ming-le Zhang, Shuo Zhao, Xiang-Hua Huang, Yan-Fang Xu
Acellular matrix materials have been widely used to repair various tissues and organs. According to the plastic principle, when a part of the body is lost, it should be replaced with a similar material. Therefore, the use of a homologous organ-specific acellular vaginal tissue in vagina reconstruction repair surgery may show good results. However, the acellular vagina matrix (AVM) form large vertebrates is difficult to isolate. In this study, we described a multi-step method to prepare porcine AVM and evaluated the efficacy of acellularization...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293789/development-of-an-ovine-model-for-training-in-vaginal-surgery-for-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#5
A Mansoor, S Curinier, S Campagne-Loiseau, L Platteeuw, B Jacquetin, B Rabischong
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: This aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and usefulness of an ovine model for training in vaginal surgery. METHODS: Four senior urogynaecological surgeons and five residents attended five sessions of vaginal surgery for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) in five old multiparous female sheep. Urogynaecological examinations were performed and measurements similar to the POP-Q classification in humans were obtained. Standard POP surgical procedures with and without mesh were performed...
March 14, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287815/a-classical-wooden-vaginal-speculum-mentioned-in-old-medical-manuscripts
#6
Selim Kadıoğlu, Oya Ögenler, İlter Uzel
The subject of this paper is the story of an ancient medical instrument. This instrument is a wooden vaginal speculum used in classical and Islamic medicine. Its drawings can be found in Abulcasis al-Zahrawi's and Şerefeddin Sabuncuoğlu's illustrated books of surgery.
March 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285211/ovarian-serous-cystadenoma-with-ectopic-adrenal-tissue-in-a-65-year-old-patient-a-case-report
#7
Çağdaş Şahin, Enes Taylan, Ali Akdemir, Osman Zekioglu, Parvane Seyidova, Ahmet Mete Ergenoglu
INTRODUCTION: Ectopic adrenal tissue is a very rare entity in adult females, especially in the ovary, and is generally diagnosed incidentally during surgery. Although it can present at various sites during childhood, it becomes atrophic by adulthood due to normally functioning adrenal glands. Patients are predominantly asymptomatic; however, in some cases endocrine symptoms such as hypertension and fasciotruncal obesity due to hormonal activity can be seen or neoplastic transformation can appear...
February 27, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283284/mri-in-the-evaluation-of-obstructive-reproductive-tract-anomalies-in-paediatric-patients
#8
H Zhang, H Qu, G Ning, B Cheng, F Jia, X Li, X Chen
AIM: To outline the anatomical variations of obstructive reproductive tract anomalies (ORTA) using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and its role in preoperative evaluation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MRI and treatment of 21 paediatric patients with ORTA were reviewed and analysed. MRI findings were correlated with ultrasound and surgical findings. RESULTS: Patients presented in two distinct ways: primary amenorrhoea with cyclic pelvic pain, or progressive dysmenorrhoea...
March 7, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279757/comparing-two-uterine-manipulators-at-total-laparoscopic-hysterectomy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Heinrich Husslein, Helena Frecker, Eliane M Shore, Guylaine Lefebvre, Eleanor Latta, Eliana Montanari, Abheha Satkunaratnam
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare two different types of uterine manipulators (i.e., tight fitting vs. loose fitting) used for total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. Primary endpoints were time for colpotomy, time from skin incision to detachment of the uterus and histological assessment of thermal damage to the vagina. DESIGN: Classification: Canadian Task Force Classification I SETTING: University teaching hospital...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277596/the-mccarus-volker-fornisee%C3%A2-a-novel-trans-illuminating-colpotomy-device-and-uterine-manipulator-for-use-in-conventional-and-robotic-assisted-laparoscopic-hysterectomy
#10
Melissa M Gutierrez, Jasmine D Pedroso, K Warren Volker, David L Howard, Steven D McCarus
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to introduce a novel trans-illuminating culdotomy and uterine manipulator device. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was a prospective, non-randomized, non-blinded observational clinical study involving 50 female patients undergoing total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) or laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy (LSH) for benign indications. The surgeries were performed from March through May 2012 at two institutions. The primary study objectives were to demonstrate the safety and adequate clinical performance of the uterine manipulator device and to illustrate its potential widespread future use in minimally invasive gynecologic procedures...
March 9, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277363/fetoscopic-open-neural-tube-defect-repair-development-and-refinement-of-a-two-port-carbon-dioxide-insufflation-technique
#11
Michael A Belfort, William E Whitehead, Alireza A Shamshirsaz, Zhoobin H Bateni, Oluyinka O Olutoye, Olutoyin A Olutoye, David G Mann, Jimmy Espinoza, Erin Williams, Timothy C Lee, Sundeep G Keswani, Nancy Ayres, Christopher I Cassady, Amy R Mehollin-Ray, Magdalena Sanz Cortes, Elena Carreras, Jose L Peiro, Rodrigo Ruano, Darrell L Cass
OBJECTIVE: To describe development of a two-port fetoscopic technique for spina bifida repair in the exteriorized, carbon dioxide-filled uterus and report early results of two cohorts of patients: the first 15 treated with an iterative technique and the latter 13 with a standardized technique. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study (2014-2016). All patients met Management of Myelomeningocele Study selection criteria. The intraoperative approach was iterative in the first 15 patients and was then standardized...
March 6, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277355/activity-restriction-recommendations-and-outcomes-after-reconstructive-pelvic-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Margaret G Mueller, Christina Lewicky-Gaupp, Sarah A Collins, Melinda G Abernethy, Alex Alverdy, Kimberly Kenton
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between prescribed postoperative activity recommendations (liberal compared with restricted) after reconstructive prolapse surgery and patient satisfaction and pelvic floor symptoms. METHODS: In our multicenter, randomized, double-blind clinical trial, women undergoing reconstructive prolapse surgery were randomized to liberal compared with restricted postoperative activity recommendations. Liberal recommendations instructed women to resume postoperative activity at the woman's own pace with no restrictions on lifting or high-impact activities...
March 6, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277315/clear-cell-carcinoma-of-the-uterine-cervix-presented-as-submucosal-tumor-arising-from-a-background-of-cervical-endometriosis
#13
Mariko Hashiguchi, Keita Kai, Satoshi Nishiyama, Yoshifumi Nakao, Masatoshi Yokoyama, Shinichi Aishima
Clear cell carcinoma (CCC) of the uterine cervix without prenatal diethylstilbestrol exposure is rare, and its etiology is unclear. We present a case of cervical CCC presenting as a submucosal tumor, which strongly suggests an association between cervical endometriosis and cervical CCC. A 56-year-old postmenopausal Japanese woman visited a gynecologic clinic with a complaint of watery vaginal discharge. A few atypical cells suggesting adenocarcinoma were detected in a cervical cytologic specimen. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a cystic lesion with a solid component at the uterine cervix...
March 8, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267057/female-pelvic-floor-biomechanics-bridging-the-gap
#14
Deanna C Easley, Steven D Abramowitch, Pamela A Moalli
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The pelvic floor is a complex assembly of connective tissues and striated muscles that simultaneously counteracts gravitational forces, inertial forces, and intra-abdominal pressures while maintaining the position of the pelvic organs. In 30% of women, injury or failure of the pelvic floor results in pelvic organ prolapse. Surgical treatments have high recurrence rates, due, in part, to a limited understanding of physiologic loading conditions. It is critical to apply biomechanics to help elucidate how altered loading conditions of the pelvis contribute to the development of pelvic organ prolapse and to define surgeries to restore normal support...
March 4, 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266516/surgery-vaginal-mesh-debate-boosted-by-two-large-scottish-studies
#15
Kamran P Sajadi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2017: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263200/increasing-utilization-of-minimally-invasive-hysterectomy
#16
Mark D Walters, Beri M Ridgeway
Once the decision to perform a hysterectomy has been made, the type and route of hysterectomy must be chosen, and efforts made to accomplish the surgery as safely as possible. Hysterectomy can be performed vaginally, abdominally with laparoscopic or robotic assistance, or open. The main goal of gynecologic surgeons should be to lower the rate of open abdominal hysterectomy and increase use of both vaginal and laparoscopic hysterectomy in their patients. We discuss efforts to accomplish a greater use of minimally invasive hysterectomy...
March 3, 2017: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258346/sacrospinous-hysteropexy-review-and-meta-analysis-of-outcomes
#17
REVIEW
Shveta Kapoor, Kanapathippillai Sivanesan, Jessica Amy Robertson, Mayooran Veerasingham, Vishal Kapoor
INTRODUCTION: Sacrospinous hysteropexy is a uterine-preserving procedure for treatment of apical prolapse. We present a literature review evaluating the sacrospinous hysteropexy procedure and its current place in the surgical management of pelvic organ prolapse. Additionally, to assess the efficacy of the procedure, we performed a meta-analysis of studies comparing sacrospinous hysteropexy to vaginal hysterectomy and repair in terms of anatomical outcomes, complications, and repeat surgery...
March 3, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256903/mr-imaging-in-patients-with-male-to-female-sex-reassignment-surgery-postoperative-anatomy-and-complications
#18
Michele Bertolotto, Giovanni Liguori, Stefano Bucci, Mariano Iannelli, Francesca Vedovo, Nicola Pavan, Carlo Trombetta, Lorenzo Egildo Derchi
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role of MRI in evaluation of both the new female anatomy and complications in male-to-female sex reassignment surgery (MtF-SRS). METHODS: 71 consecutive patients with MtF-SRS had 74 MRI (age range, 21-63 years; mean [± SD] age, 36 ± 10 years; median age, 37 years). In 47 patients MRI was performed to rule-out early postoperative complications after gender conversion (n=40), vaginoplasty (n=6), or remodelling of the labia majora (n=1)...
March 3, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256727/laparoscopic-cryptorchidectomy-with-a-vessel-sealing-device-in-dorsal-recumbent-horses-43-cases
#19
José L Bracamonte, Keri L Thomas
OBJECTIVE: To document laparoscopic cryptorchidectomy with a vessel-sealing device in dorsal recumbent horses. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. ANIMALS: Forty-three male horses. METHODS: Food was withheld for 36 hours before horses were placed under general anesthesia and positioned in dorsal recumbency. One laparoscopic portal and 2 instrument portals were placed for the laparoscopic procedure. A third instrument portal was created in bilateral cryptorchid horses...
March 3, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255763/cervical-length-after-cerclage-comparison-between-laparoscopic-and-vaginal-approach
#20
Daniele Bolla, Maria Luisa Gasparri, Sabrina Badir, Michael Bajka, Michael D Mueller, Andrea Papadia, Luigi Raio
PURPOSE: The aim of our study was to investigate the sonographic changes of the cervical length during pregnancy after the placement of a transvaginal cervical cerclage (TVC) or a laparoscopic abdominal cerclage (LAC) in patients with cervical insufficiency (CI). METHODS: Between January 2008 and March 2015, a retrospective analysis of all women undergoing a prophylactic laparoscopic (LAC group) or transvaginal (TVC group) cerclage due to cervical insufficiency was conducted...
March 3, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
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