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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430083/hydrocephalus-treatment-in-children-long-term-outcome-in-975-consecutive-patients
#1
Pierre-Aurelien Beuriat, Stephanie Puget, Giuseppe Cinalli, Thomas Blauwblomme, Kevin Beccaria, Michel Zerah, Christian Sainte-Rose
OBJECTIVE Hydrocephalus remains one of the more common pathologies managed in pediatric neurosurgical units. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) has an advantage over ventriculoperitoneal shunting as it enables patients to remain device free. Multiple shunt devices with various valve designs exist, with no one valve proven to be superior to another. The aim of this study was to describe the management of hydrocephalus and its long-term outcome. METHODS The authors retrospectively reviewed the medical records of all patients who had been treated for hydrocephalus at the Hôpital Necker-Enfants Malades in the period from 1985 to 1995...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429648/-the-influence-of-scene-context-on-parafoveal-processing-of-objects
#2
Monica S Castelhano, Effie J Pereira
Many studies in reading have shown the enhancing effect of context on the processing of a word before it is directly fixated (parafoveal processing of words; Balota et al., 1985; Balota & Rayner, 1983; Ehrlich & Rayner, 1981). Here, we examined whether scene context influences the parafoveal processing of objects and enhances the extraction of object information. Using a modified boundary paradigm (Rayner, 1975), the Dot-Boundary paradigm, participants fixated on a suddenly-onsetting cue before the preview object would onset 4° away...
April 21, 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427830/liver-transplantation-for-hereditary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Emanuele Felli, Pietro Addeo, François Faitot, Gennaro Nappo, Constantin Oncioiu, Philippe Bachellier
AIM: To evaluate the indications, timing and results of liver transplantation in patients affected by hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT), by undertaking a systematic review of the current literature. METHODS: Electronic bibliographical databases were searched on MEDLINE and Pubmed according to the PRISMA criteria. A total of 58 articles were initially found, 11 have been excluded because of single center series later included in the European Liver transplant Registry (ELTR), already reported in this study...
April 17, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426250/processed-meat-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-a-pooled-analysis-of-three-italian-case-control-studies
#4
Valentina Rosato, Alessandra Tavani, Eva Negri, Diego Serraino, Maurizio Montella, Adriano Decarli, Carlo La Vecchia, Monica Ferraroni
To add evidence to the limited data available from southern Europe, we assessed the association between processed meat consumption and colorectal cancer risk. We analyzed data from three case-control studies conducted between 1985 and 2010 in various Italian areas, including a total of 3745 incident cases and 6804 hospital-based controls. We calculated odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) by unconditional multiple logistic regression models. The median consumption of processed meat was around 20 g/day both in cases and controls...
April 20, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425591/reflective-functioning-and-personality-organization-associations-with-negative-maternal-behaviors
#5
Karin Ensink, Marie-Eve Rousseau, Marko Biberdzic, Michaël Bégin, Lina Normandin
The aim of this study was to examine whether mothers who manifest insensitive and disconnected behaviors in interaction with their infants differ in terms of maternal reflective functioning (RF), personality organization, and histories of abuse. A total of 86 mother-infant dyads, 28 of them with histories of abuse, participated in the study. RF was assessed with the Adult Attachment Interview (C. George, N. Kaplan, & M. Main, 1985), and personality organization was assessed with the self-report Inventory of Personality Organization (M...
April 20, 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424272/trends-in-dementia-prevalence-incidence-and-survival-rate-in-a-japanese-community
#6
Tomoyuki Ohara, Jun Hata, Daigo Yoshida, Naoko Mukai, Masaharu Nagata, Toru Iwaki, Takanari Kitazono, Shigenobu Kanba, Yutaka Kiyohara, Toshiharu Ninomiya
OBJECTIVE: To investigate secular trends in the prevalence, incidence, and survival rate of dementia in a Japanese elderly population in a comprehensive manner. METHODS: Five cross-sectional surveys of dementia were conducted among residents of a Japanese community, aged ≥65 years, in 1985, 1992, 1998, 2005, and 2012. We also established 2 cohorts consisting of the residents of this age group without dementia in 1988 (n = 803) and 2002 (n = 1,231), and each was followed for 10 years...
April 19, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422921/population-based-estimate-of-trauma-related-deaths-for-law-enforcement-personnel-risks-for-death-are-higher-and-increasing-over-time
#7
Alexander L Eastman, Michael W Cripps, Kareem R Abdelfattah, Kenji Inaba, Thomas G Weiser, David A Spain, Kristan L Staudenmayer
OBJECTIVE: Trauma-related deaths remain an important public health problem. One group susceptible to death due to traumatic mechanisms is U.S. Law Enforcement (LE). We hypothesized that LE officers experienced a higher chance of violent death compared to the general U.S. population and that risks have increased over time. METHODS: The National Institute on Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) National Occupational Mortality Surveillance (NOMS) is a population-based survey of occupational deaths...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419853/listeria-monocytogenes-meningitis-in-the-netherlands-1985-2014-a-nationwide-surveillance-study
#8
Merel M Koopmans, Merijn W Bijlsma, Matthijs C Brouwer, Diederik van de Beek, Arie van der Ende
OBJECTIVES: Listeria monocytogenes can cause sepsis and meningitis. We report national surveillance data on L. monocytogenes meningitis in the Netherlands, describing incidence changes, genetic epidemiology and fatality rate. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Netherlands Reference Laboratory of Bacterial Meningitis for cases of Listeria monocytogenes meningitis. Strains were assessed by serotyping and bacterial population structure by multi-locus sequence typing...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416155/tracking-of-muscular-strength-and-power-from-youth-to-young-adulthood-longitudinal-findings-from-the-childhood-determinants-of-adult-health-study
#9
Brooklyn J Fraser, Michael D Schmidt, Quan L Huynh, Terence Dwyer, Alison J Venn, Costan G Magnussen
OBJECTIVES: Low muscular fitness levels have previously been reported as an independent risk factor for chronic disease outcomes. Muscular fitness tracking, the ability to maintain levels measured at one point in time to another point in time, was assessed from youth to adulthood to provide insight into whether early identification of low muscular fitness in youth is possible. DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal study. METHODS: Study including 623 participants who had muscular fitness measures in 1985 (aged 9, 12 or 15 years) and again 20 years later in young adulthood...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414709/robotic-surgery-fast-forward-to-telemedicine
#10
George B Stefano
Since the realization that certain maladies can be corrected via surgical techniques, we have been consumed by the desire to constantly advance the tools of surgery, as well as the techniques. In recent times, computer-assisted surgical tools have emerged and are growing in their use. The Puma 560 emerged in 1985 for brain biopsies and laparoscopic surgery. Prostatic surgery was performed by the Probot in 1988. In 1992, fittings in the femur were placed using the ROBODOC. These early robotic endeavors gave rise to AESOP, ZEUS and the relatively intuitive da Vinci® Surgical System...
April 17, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414186/a-review-on-neuroimaging-based-classification-studies-and-associated-feature-extraction-methods-for-alzheimer-s-disease-and-its-prodromal-stages
#11
REVIEW
Saima Rathore, Mohamad Habes, Muhammad Aksam Iftikhar, Amanda Shacklett, Christos Davatzikos
Neuroimaging has made it possible to measure pathological brain changes associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD) in vivo. Over the past decade, these measures have been increasingly integrated into imaging signatures of AD by means of classification frameworks, offering promising tools for individualized diagnosis and prognosis. We reviewed neuroimaging-based studies for AD classification and mild cognitive impairment, selected after online database searches in Google Scholar and PubMed (January, 1985 to June, 2016)...
April 13, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413846/a-carbon-balance-model-for-the-great-dismal-swamp-ecosystem
#12
Rachel Sleeter, Benjamin M Sleeter, Brianna Williams, Dianna Hogan, Todd Hawbaker, Zhiliang Zhu
BACKGROUND: Carbon storage potential has become an important consideration for land management and planning in the United States. The ability to assess ecosystem carbon balance can help land managers understand the benefits and tradeoffs between different management strategies. This paper demonstrates an application of the Land Use and Carbon Scenario Simulator (LUCAS) model developed for local-scale land management at the Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge. We estimate the net ecosystem carbon balance by considering past ecosystem disturbances resulting from storm damage, fire, and land management actions including hydrologic inundation, vegetation clearing, and replanting...
December 2017: Carbon Balance and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411395/a-longitudinal-study-of-smokeless-tobacco-use-and-mortality-in-the-united-states
#13
David S Timberlake, Dmitriy Nikitin, Norman J Johnson, Sean F Altekruse
Few studies in the United States have examined longitudinally the mortality risks associated with use of smokeless tobacco (SLT). The sample of this study was composed of participants from the National Longitudinal Mortality Study who completed a single Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey between the years 1985 and 2011. Using survival methods, SLT use at the baseline survey was examined as a predictor of all-cause mortality and cause-specific mortalities in models that excluded individuals who had ever smoked cigarettes, cigars, or used pipes (final n=349,282)...
April 14, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409526/the-impact-of-coat-protein-mediated-virus-resistance-in-applied-plant-pathology-and-basic-research
#14
John A Lindbo, Bryce W Falk
Worldwide, plant viruses cause serious reductions in marketable crop yield and in some cases even plant death. In most cases, the most effective way to control virus diseases is through genetically controlled resistance. However, developing virus-resistant (VR) crops through traditional breeding can take many years, and in some cases is not even possible. Because of this, the demonstration of the first VR transgenic plants in 1985 generated much attention. This seminal report served as an inflection point for research in both basic and applied plant pathology, the results of which have dramatically changed both basic research and in a few cases, commercial crop production...
April 14, 2017: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408610/classic-spotlight-1984-and-1985-articles-of-significant-interest-selected-from-the-journal-of-virology-archives-by-the-editors
#15
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407426/a-short-history-of-microbial-biofilms-and-biofilm-infections
#16
REVIEW
Niels Høiby
The observation of aggregated microbes surrounded by a self-produced matrix adhering to surfaces or located in tissues or secretions is old since both Leeuwenhoek and Pasteur have described the phenomenon. In environmental and technical microbiology, biofilms, 80-90 years ago, were already shown to be important for biofouling on submerged surfaces, for example, ships. The concept of biofilm infections and their importance in medicine was, however, initiated in the early 1970s by the observation of heaps of Pseudomonas aeruginosa cells in sputum and lung tissue from chronically infected cystic fibrosis patients...
April 2017: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406044/stage-specific-mortality-and-survival-trends-of-prostate-cancer-patients-in-finland-before-and-after-introduction-of-psa
#17
Heikki A Seikkula, Antti J Kaipia, Matti E Rantanen, Janne M Pitkäniemi, Nea K Malila, Peter J Boström
BACKGROUND: The early diagnosis and right treatment strategy of localized prostate cancer (PCa) remains problematic. In order to characterize the survival of PCa patients, we compared patients' all-cause and cancer-specific mortalities between pre- and post-PSA periods by stage in Finland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All PCa cases diagnosed in Finland between 1985 and 2013 (N = 91,329) were identified from the Finnish Cancer Registry (FCR). PCa stage at diagnosis was defined as localized, local node positive or metastasized...
February 13, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403096/the-efficiency-and-safety-of-fascia-iliaca-block-for-pain-control-after-total-joint-arthroplasty-a-meta-analysis
#18
Peng Zhang, Jifeng Li, Yuze Song, Xiao Wang
BACKGROUND: This meta-analysis aimed to perform a meta-analysis including randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to assess the efficiency and safety of fascia iliaca block (FIB) for pain control in patients undergoing total joint arthroplasty (TJA). METHODS: A systematic search was performed in Medline (1966-2017.03), PubMed (1966-2017.03), Embase (1980-2017.03), ScienceDirect (1985-2017.03) and the Cochrane Library. Study evaluated the efficiency and safety of FIB in TJA was selected...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401364/ablative-therapies-in-metastatic-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Michael Jonathan Kucharczyk, Sameer Parpia, Cindy Walker-Dilks, Laura Banfield, Anand Swaminath
PURPOSE: Patients with oligometastatic breast cancer are being increasingly offered ablative therapies, yet it is unclear which subpopulations may derive long-term benefit. This study sought to explore factors that could define a clinically relevant oligometastatic breast cancer population that benefits from ablative therapies. METHODS: A systematic review using MEDLINE for English language articles published between 1985 and April 2014 was undertaken. Criteria for review included studies that reported overall survival (OS) or progression-free survival (PFS) in breast cancer patients with distant metastases which also: quantified the extent of disease, had metachronous presentation of metastases, and reported on at least 5 patients...
April 11, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400548/the-relation-between-cultural-values-euthanasia-and-spiritual-care-in-the-netherlands
#20
Carlo Leget
The aim of this paper is to gain some understanding of euthanasia as a Dutch cultural practice, focusing on value orientations that lie beneath the surface of what is made visible in the many national surveys that have been done in the Netherlands. In order to reach this aim we will take two steps. In the first place we will give a short sketch of euthanasia as it is understood and practiced in the Netherlands. This will be followed by a cultural analysis of the American-Dutch historian James Kennedy who studied the euthanasia debate in the Netherlands from the 1960 until 1985...
March 17, 2017: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
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