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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231495/drug-induced-panic-attacks-analysis-of-cases-registered-in-the-french-pharmacovigilance-database
#1
Delphine Abadie, Anaïs Essilini, Virginie Fulda, Aurore Gouraud, Mélissa Yéléhé-Okouma, Joëlle Micallef, François Montastruc, Jean Louis Montastruc
BACKGROUND: The potential role of drugs in the onset of panic attacks (PAs) is poorly understood. AIM: The objective of our study was to characterize drug-induced PAs. METHOD: We performed an analysis of PAs registered in the French pharmacovigilance database between 01/01/1985 and 05/11/2014. RESULTS: Among the 163 recorded cases, 136 (83.4%) were directly related to drugs, mainly antidepressants (11.3%, mainly serotonin reuptake inhibitors), mefloquine (7...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220717/merger-acquisition-and-capital-expenditure-in-health-care
#2
Wenjing Ouyang, Peter E Hilsenrath
Investment, especially through merger and acquisition (M&A), is a leading topic of concern among health care managers. In addition, the implications of this activity for organization and market concentration are of great interest to policy makers. Using a sample of 2256 firm-year observations in the health care industry during the period from 1985 to 2011, this article provides novel evidence that managers learn from financial markets in making capital expenditure (CAPEX) and M&A investment decisions. Within the industry, managers in the Drugs subsector are most likely to do so, whereas managers in the Medical Equipment and Supplies are least likely to do so...
January 2017: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219457/maximum-time-to-rescue-after-the-1908-messina-reggio-calabria-earthquake-was-20-days-hints-for-disaster-planning
#3
Natale Gaspare De Santo, Carmela Bisaccia, Luca Salvatore De Santo
: Introduction Maximum time-to-rescue has been studied accurately for many earthquakes in the years 1985-2004. No study is available for historical quakes. Hypothesis/Problem This study aimed to evaluate long-term survivors (from the fifth day after the quake) of the Messina-Reggio Calabria earthquake (1908; Italy), which is considered, historically, to be the worst seismic event in Europe. METHODS: Accurate readings of 11 national newspapers from the fifth day after the quake looking for rescued persons and transferring, to an ad hoc form, all data relating to each rescued person...
February 21, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218769/new-world-s-old-disease-cardiac-hydatid-disease-and-surgical-principles
#4
Omer Tanyeli, Yuksel Dereli, Ilker Mercan, Niyazi Gormus, Tahir Yuksek
BACKGROUND: Hydatid cyst is a parasitic disease caused by infection with the Echinococcus granulosus tapeworm larva. It is a major public health problem in endemic regions. Cardiac involvement of the disease is rare. METHODS: Between 1985 and 2015, 12 patients were admitted to our clinic with a possible diagnosis of cardiac hydatid disease. Of these patients, six (50%) were male and six (50%) were female. Mean age of the patients was 42.6 years. RESULTS: The most common location of cardiac hydatid disease was left sided (six patients, 50%)...
February 20, 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216033/safety-of-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-in-children-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#5
REVIEW
Corey H Allen, Benzi M Kluger, Isabelle Buard
BACKGROUND: Data and best practice recommendations for transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) use in adults are largely available. Although there are fewer data in pediatric populations and no published guidelines, its practice in children continues to grow. METHODS: We performed a literature search through PubMed to review all TMS studies from 1985 to 2016 involving children and documented any adverse events. Crude risks were calculated per session. RESULTS: Following data screening we identified 42 single-pulse and/or paired-pulse TMS studies involving 639 healthy children, 482 children with central nervous system disorders, and 84 children with epilepsy...
January 4, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215882/replacing-alfalfa-hay-with-dry-corn-gluten-feed-and-chinese-wild-rye-grass-effects-on-rumen-fermentation-rumen-microbial-protein-synthesis-and-lactation-performance-in-lactating-dairy-cows
#6
X Y Hao, H Gao, X Y Wang, G N Zhang, Y G Zhang
This experiment was conducted to investigate nutrient digestibility, rumen microbial protein synthesis, and lactation performance when a portion of alfalfa was replaced with combinations of dry corn gluten feed (DCGF) and Chinese wild rye grass in the diet of lactating cows. Six multiparous and 3 primiparous Chinese Holsteins were arranged in a replicated 3 × 3 Latin square experiment for 21-d periods. The animals were fed 1 of 3 treatment diets during each period: (1) 0% DCGF (0DCGF); (2) 6.5% DCGF (7DCGF); and (3) 11% DCGF (11DCGF)...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214588/the-experiences-of-a-biochemist-in-the-evolving-world-of-g-protein-dependent-signaling
#7
REVIEW
Richard A Cerione
This review describes how a biochemist and basic researcher (i.e. myself) came to make a career in the area of receptor-coupled signal transduction and the roles cellular signaling activities play both in normal physiology and in disease. Much of what has been the best part of this research life is due to the time I spent with Bob Lefkowitz (1982-1985), during an extraordinary period in the emerging field of G-protein-coupled receptors. Among my laboratory colleagues were some truly outstanding scientists including Marc Caron, the late Jeffrey Stadel, Berta Strulovici, Jeff Benovic, Brian Kobilka, and Henrik Dohlman, as well as many more...
February 15, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211046/teacher-structure-as-a-predictor-of-students-perceived-competence-and-autonomous-motivation-the-moderating-role-of-differentiated-instruction
#8
Frédéric Guay, Amélie Roy, Pierre Valois
BACKGROUND: An important pedagogical practice is the provision of structure (Farkas & Grolnick, 2010, Motiv. Emot., 34, 266). According to self-determination theory (SDT; Deci & Ryan, 1985, Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior, Plenum, New York, NY), structure allows students to develop perceived competence in different school subjects, which in turn facilitates the development of autonomous motivation towards these subjects and limits the development of controlled motivation...
February 17, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209264/patient-travel-for-bariatric-surgery-does-distance-matter
#9
J Hunter Mehaffey, Alex D Michaels, Mathew G Mullen, Max O Meneveau, John R Pender, Peter T Hallowell
BACKGROUND: Increasingly, patients are faced with greater travel distances to undergo bariatric surgery at high-volume centers. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the impact of travel distance on access to care and outcomes after bariatric surgery. SETTING: Patients who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass at an academic bariatric surgery center from 1985 to 2004 were examined and stratified by patient travel distance. METHODS: Univariate analyses were performed for preoperative risk factors, 30-day complications, and long-term (10-yr) weight loss between "local," defined as<1 hour of travel time, and "regional," defined as>1 hour of travel time...
December 28, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207342/cumulative-lifetime-marijuana-use-and-incident-cardiovascular-disease-in-middle-age-the-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults-cardia-study
#10
Jared P Reis, Reto Auer, Michael P Bancks, David C Goff, Cora E Lewis, Mark J Pletcher, Jamal S Rana, James M Shikany, Stephen Sidney
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of marijuana in the development of incident cardiovascular and cerebrovascular outcomes. METHODS: Participants were 5113 adults aged 18 to 30 years at baseline (1985-1986) from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study, who were followed for more than 25 years. We estimated cumulative lifetime exposure to marijuana using repeated assessments collected at examinations every 2 to 5 years. The primary outcome was incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) through 2013...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207331/a-systematic-review-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-sexual-minorities
#11
Billy A Caceres, Abraham Brody, Rachel E Luscombe, Jillian E Primiano, Peter Marusca, Edward M Sitts, Deborah Chyun
BACKGROUND: Mental health and HIV disparities are well documented among sexual minorities, but there is a dearth of research on other chronic conditions. Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death worldwide. Although sexual minorities have high rates of several modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease (including stress, tobacco use, and alcohol consumption), there is a paucity of research in this area. OBJECTIVES: In this systematic review, we synthesized and critiqued the existing evidence on cardiovascular disease among sexual minority adults...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202311/anesthetic-considerations-for-labor-and-delivery-in-women-with-cerebrospinal-fluid-shunts
#12
S Rajagopalan, S Gopinath, V T Trinh, S Chandrasekhar
BACKGROUND: The anesthetic management of labor and delivery in pregnant women with cerebrospinal fluid shunts can be challenging. We conducted a literature review to understand the anesthetic implications in pregnant women with cerebrospinal fluid shunts. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and Medline databases to identify reports of pregnant women with cerebrospinal fluid shunts during the 30-year period from 1985 to 2015. Twenty-four studies reporting anesthetic techniques for labor and delivery were included in the analyses...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199497/racial-differences-in-associations-of-blood-pressure-components-in-young-adulthood-with-incident-cardiovascular-disease-by-middle-age-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults-cardia-study
#13
Yuichiro Yano, Jared P Reis, Yacob G Tedla, David C Goff, David R Jacobs, Stephen Sidney, Hongyan Ning, Kiang Liu, Philip Greenland, Donald M Lloyd-Jones
Importance: Data are sparse regarding which blood pressure (BP) components in young adulthood optimally determine cardiovascular disease (CVD) by middle age. Objectives: To assess which BP components best determine incident CVD events in young adults and determine whether these associations vary by race and age at BP measurement. Design, Setting, and Participants: Using data from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study, this study assessed the longitudinal race-stratified associations between BP and cardiovascular outcomes...
February 15, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196505/clinicopathologic-characteristics-and-prognostic-factors-for-primary-spinal-epidural-lymphoma-report-on-36-chinese-patients-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
Le Xiong, Ling-Min Liao, Jian-Wu Ding, Zhi-Lin Zhang, An-Wen Liu, Long Huang
BACKGROUND: Due to the uncommon nature of primary spinal epidural lymphomas (PSELs), there has been little research looking at prognostic indicators for the tumor. To our knowledge, this is the largest study to evaluate possible clinical and pathologic prognostic factors in PSEL patients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 130 cases of PSEL, including 36 Chinese patients and 94 published case reports from 1985 to 2015. Patient treatment regimens included surgery (S; n = 119), surgery followed by chemotherapy (S + CT; n = 25), surgery followed by radiotherapy (S + RT; n = 26), and surgery followed by chemotherapy and radiotherapy (S + CT + RT; n = 50)...
February 14, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196265/association-of-coronary-artery-calcium-in-adults-aged-32-to-46-years-with-incident-coronary-heart-disease-and-death
#15
John Jeffrey Carr, David R Jacobs, James G Terry, Christina M Shay, Stephen Sidney, Kiang Liu, Pamela J Schreiner, Cora E Lewis, James M Shikany, Jared P Reis, David C Goff
Importance: Coronary artery calcium (CAC) is associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD); however, prognostic data on CAC are limited in younger adults. Objective: To determine if CAC in adults aged 32 to 46 years is associated with incident clinical CHD, CVD, and all-cause mortality during 12.5 years of follow-up. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study is a prospective community-based study that recruited 5115 black and white participants aged 18 to 30 years from March 25, 1985, to June 7, 1986...
February 8, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192247/comparison-of-peri-articular-liposomal-bupivacaine-and-standard-bupivacaine-for-postsurgical-analgesia-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Xi Wang, Lin Xiao, Zhiyuan Wang, Guanghui Zhao, Jianbing Ma
OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of intraoperative peri-articular liposomal bupivacaine and standard bupivacaine in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: A systematic search was performed in Medline (1966-2016.9), PubMed (1966-2016.9), Embase (1980-2016.9), ScienceDirect (1985-2016.9) and the Cochrane Library. Only high-quality studies were selected. Meta-analysis was performed using Stata 11.0 software. RESULTS: Three randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and two non-randomized controlled trials (Non-RCTs), including 1214 patients met the inclusion criteria...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192006/does-marital-conflict-predict-infants-physiological-regulation-a-short-term-prospective-study
#17
Christin L Porter, W Justin Dyer
Prior research has linked marital conflict to children's internalizing/externalizing disorders, insecure attachment, and poor emotional regulation (e.g., Cummings & Davies, 2010; Cummings, Iannotti, & Zahn-Waxler, 1985). Although investigators have examined the impact of marital discord on older children (e.g., Crockenberg & Langrock, 2001), few have explored direct links in infancy (e.g., Cowan & Cowan, 1999). This study extends earlier work by examining linkages between marital functioning (conflict and harmony) and infants' cardiac vagal tone and developmental status across 2 time points using a cross-lag approach...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186998/somatic-molecular-subtyping-of-prostate-tumors-from-hoxb13-g84e-carriers
#18
Tamara L Lotan, Alba Torres, Miao Zhang, Jeffrey J Tosoian, Liana B Guedes, Helen Fedor, Jessica Hicks, Charles M Ewing, Sarah D Isaacs, Dorhyun Johng, Angelo M De Marzo, William B Isaacs
A recurrent germline mutation (G84E) in the HOXB13 gene is associated with early onset and family history-positive prostate cancer in patients of European descent, occurring in up to 5% of prostate cancer families. To date, the molecular features of prostate tumors occurring in HOXB13 G84E carriers have not been studied in a large cohort of patients. We identified 101 heterozygous carriers of G84E who underwent radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer between 1985 and 2011 and matched these men by race, age and tumor grade to 99 HOXB13 wild-type controls...
February 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185698/progression-of-authorship-of-scientific-articles-in-the%C3%A2-journal-of-hand-surgery-1985-2015
#19
Alex Gu, Neil Almeida, Jordan S Cohen, Kathryn M Peck, Gregory A Merrell
PURPOSE: For scientists, authorship is academic currency. Authorship characteristics have been studied in a subset of the surgical and medical literature, but trends in the specialty of hand surgery have not yet been investigated. Specifically, a longitudinal analysis of number, educational training, sex, and geographical origin of authors has not been conducted. We explored the progression of authorship of scientific articles in a leading hand surgery journal. METHODS: We recorded number of authors, number of references, degrees, and sex of the first and senior authors as well as geographical origin of the corresponding author in The Journal of Hand Surgery in 1985, 1995, 2005, and 2015...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185658/long-term-outcome-in-patients-with-transient-global-amnesia-a-population-based-study
#20
Julieta E Arena, Robert D Brown, Jay Mandrekar, Alejandro A Rabinstein
OBJECTIVE: To study the long-term risk of cerebrovascular events, seizures, and cognitive impairment in patients with transient global amnesia (TGA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data for all patients diagnosed with possible TGA in Olmsted County, Minnesota, between January 1, 1985, through December 31, 2010, were retrieved from the Rochester Epidemiology Project database. Transient global amnesia was defined clinically. End points were cerebrovascular event (stroke or transient ischemic attack), seizure, or cognitive impairment (mild cognitive impairment or dementia) during follow-up...
February 6, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
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