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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923101/secular-changes-in-physical-growth-and-obesity-among-southwestern-american-indian-children-over-four-decades
#1
P Vijayakumar, K M Wheelock, S Kobes, R G Nelson, R L Hanson, W C Knowler, M Sinha
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Most studies describing childhood obesity in the United States are based on cross-sectional surveys and do not include substantial numbers of American Indians (AI). Secular trends in height and weight reflect general health status. This study describes weight trends and transitions among AI children over a 43-year period. METHODS: Anthropometric data were obtained from a prospective study conducted in a southwestern US AI population (1965 through 2007)...
December 6, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922724/antenatal-breastfeeding-education-for-increasing-breastfeeding-duration
#2
REVIEW
Pisake Lumbiganon, Ruth Martis, Malinee Laopaiboon, Mario R Festin, Jacqueline J Ho, Mohammad Hakimi
BACKGROUND: Breast milk is well recognised as the best food source for infants. The impact of antenatal breastfeeding (BF) education on the duration of BF has not been evaluated. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of antenatal breastfeeding (BF) education for increasing BF initiation and duration. SEARCH METHODS: We searched Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth's Trials Register on 1 March 2016, CENTRAL (The Cochrane Library, 2016, Issue 3), MEDLINE (1966 to 1 March 2016) and Scopus (January 1985 to 1 March 2016)...
December 6, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922080/warming-trends-and-bleaching-stress-of-the-world-s-coral-reefs-1985-2012
#3
Scott F Heron, Jeffrey A Maynard, Ruben van Hooidonk, C Mark Eakin
Coral reefs across the world's oceans are in the midst of the longest bleaching event on record (from 2014 to at least 2016). As many of the world's reefs are remote, there is limited information on how past thermal conditions have influenced reef composition and current stress responses. Using satellite temperature data for 1985-2012, the analysis we present is the first to quantify, for global reef locations, spatial variations in warming trends, thermal stress events and temperature variability at reef-scale (~4 km)...
December 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920635/clinical-and-molecular-characterisation-of-children-with-pierre-robin-sequence-and-additional-anomalies
#4
Jessie X Xu, Nicky Kilpatrick, Naomi L Baker, Anthony Penington, Peter G Farlie, Tiong Yang Tan
Pierre Robin Sequence (PRS) is usually classified into syndromic and nonsyndromic groups, with a further subclassification of the nonsyndromic group into isolated PRS and PRS with additional anomalies (PRS-Plus). The aim of this research is to provide an accurate phenotypic characterisation of nonsyndromic PRS, specifically the PRS-Plus subgroup. We sought to examine the frequency of sequence variants in previously defined conserved noncoding elements (CNEs) in the putative enhancer region upstream of SOX9, the regulation of which has been associated with PRS phenotypes...
November 2016: Molecular Syndromology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919803/germ-cell-proliferation-and-cluster-behavior-in-ovarioles-of-sialis-flavilatera-megaloptera-sialidae-during-larval-growth
#5
Ralph Rübsam, Jürgen Büning
Telotrophic meroistic insect ovaries are assigned to four different types. The Sialis type is found in Sialidae (Megaloptera), Raphidioptera and a coleopteran subgroup (Myxophaga: Hydroscaphidae). King and Büning (1985) proposed a hypothetical model for the development of this ovariole type, a detailed description of ovarian development in Sialis was missing so far. Using light and electron microscopy, we investigated developing ovaries of Sialis flavilatera starting in the 10(th) month of the biennial larval phase until adulthood...
December 2, 2016: Arthropod Structure & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918368/what-can-long-term-attendance-at-programming-appointments-tell-us-about-pediatric-cochlear-implant-recipients
#6
Dawn Choo, Shani Joy Dettman
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to understand factors linked to long-term engagement with available post-implant "mapping" review services for individuals who received cochlear implants (CI)(s) as children. STUDY DESIGN: Demographics, communication outcomes, and appointment attendance records from an unselected group of 400 participants who received CI(s) between 1985 and 2009 were analyzed. RESULTS: After 5 years post-implant, 85.75% (n = 343) of participants attended the clinic for "mapping" appointments between March 2011 and March 2014, but 14...
December 1, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917723/rising-incidence-of-head-and-neck-mucosal-melanoma-in-australia
#7
D Youssef, S Vasani, J Marquess, A Cervin
OBJECTIVE: To establish Australian population-based incidence trends for mucosal melanoma of the head and neck. METHODS: Cases between 1985 and 2009 were identified in the Australian Cancer Database. Age-standardised incidence trends were established, including subgroup stratification by sex and site. RESULTS: A continuously progressive increase in incidence was evident in the 353 cases identified over the 25-year study period. This was particularly evident in sinonasal mucosal melanoma in men, despite the overall incidence remaining higher in women...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917039/echinoids-of-the-kerguelen-plateau-occurrence-data-and-environmental-setting-for-past-present-and-future-species-distribution-modelling
#8
Charlène Guillaumot, Alexis Martin, Salomé Fabri-Ruiz, Marc Eléaume, Thomas Saucède
The present dataset provides a case study for species distribution modelling (SDM) and for model testing in a poorly documented marine region. The dataset includes spatially-explicit data for echinoid (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) distribution. Echinoids were collected during oceanographic campaigns led around the Kerguelen Plateau (+63°/+81°E; -46°/-56°S) since 1872. In addition to the identification of collection specimens from historical cruises, original data from the recent campaigns POKER II (2010) and PROTEKER 2 to 4 (2013-2015) are also provided...
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917038/revised-classification-and-catalogue-of-global-nepticulidae-and-opostegidae-lepidoptera-nepticuloidea
#9
Erik J van Nieukerken, Camiel Doorenweerd, Robert J B Hoare, Donald R Davis
A catalogue of all named Nepticulidae and Opostegidae is presented, including fossil species. The catalogue is simultaneously published online in the scratchpad http://nepticuloidea.info/ and in Catalogue of Life (http://www.catalogueoflife.org/col/details/database/id/172). We provide a historical overview of taxonomic research on Nepticuloidea and a brief 'state of the art'. A DNA barcode dataset with 3205 barcodes is made public at the same time, providing DNA barcodes of ca. 779 species, of which 2563 are identified as belonging to 444 validly published species...
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916063/-clinical-application-of-adult-comorbidity-evaluation-27-in-endometrial-cancer
#10
W Y Tian, Y M Wang, Y Yan, J P Gao, D D Sun, S Jiang, Y Sheng, F Teng, F X Xue
Objective: To investigate the significant role of the clinical application of adult comorbidity evaluation-27 (ACE-27) in endometrial cancer (EC). Methods: A total of 847 EC patients were included during Jan. 1985 to Dec. 2015 from Tianjin Medical University General Hospital. The clinical data of the patients were collected and analyzed retrospectively. All of the patients were received operation with no chemotherapy and radiotherapy before operation. The average age was 57.6 years old (range from 25 to 85 years old)...
November 25, 2016: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915460/zinc-supplementation-for-the-prevention-of-pneumonia-in-children-aged-2-months-to-59-months
#11
REVIEW
Zohra S Lassi, Anoosh Moin, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children younger than five years of age. Most deaths occur during infancy and in low-income countries. Daily zinc supplements have been reported to prevent acute lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) and reduce child mortality. This is an update of a review first published in 2010. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of zinc supplementation in the prevention of pneumonia in children aged two to 59 months...
December 4, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913321/deterioration-of-r-wave-detection-in-pathology-and-noise-a-comprehensive-analysis-using-simultaneous-truth-and-performance-level-estimation
#12
Muhammad Kashif, Stephan Jonas, Thomas Deserno
OBJECTIVE: For long-term electrocardiography (ECG) recordings, accurate R-wave detection is essential. Several algorithms have been proposed but not yet compared on large, noisy, or pathological data, since manual ground truth establishment is impossible on such large data. METHODS: We apply the simultaneous truth and performance level estimation (STAPLE) method to ECG signals comparing 9 R-wave detectors: Pan & Tompkins (1985), Chernenko (2007), Arzeno et al. (2008), Manikandan et al...
December 1, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909197/severity-assessment-in-rabbits-after-partial-hepatectomy-part-ii
#13
N Drude, K Pawlowsky, H Tanaka, K Fukushima, B Kögel, R H Tolba
Although the recognition of pain, distress and discomfort has already been described in 1985 by Morton and Griffiths there is still very little known about the establishment of score sheets especially, regarding post-surgical pain and severity assessment for laboratory animals such as rabbits. In this paper we describe the estimation of severity and recovery status of 36 female New Zealand White rabbits (NZW) in a standardized liver resection model using two different adhesive treatments and one control group...
December 2016: Laboratory Animals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909085/a-negative-antinuclear-antibody-does-not-indicate-autoantibody-negativity-in-myositis-role-of-anticytoplasmic-antibody-as-a-screening-test-for-antisynthetase-syndrome
#14
Rohit Aggarwal, Namrata Dhillon, Noreen Fertig, Diane Koontz, Zengbiao Qi, Chester V Oddis
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the utility of anticytoplasmic autoantibody (anti-CytAb) in antisynthetase antibody-positive (anti-SynAb+) patients. METHODS: Anti-SynAb+ patients were evaluated for antinuclear antibody (ANA) and anti-CytAb [cytoplasmic staining on indirect immunofluorescence (IIF)] positivity. Anti-SynAb+ patients included those possessing anti-Jo1 and other antisynthetase autoantibodies. Control groups included scleroderma, systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjögren syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, and healthy subjects...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908488/accumulation-of-cadmium-and-uranium-in-arable-soils-in-switzerland
#15
Moritz Bigalke, Andrea Ulrich, Agnes Rehmus, Armin Keller
Mineral phosphorus (P) fertilizers contain contaminants that are potentially hazardous to humans and the environment. Frequent mineral P fertilizer applications can cause heavy metals to accumulate and reach undesirable concentrations in agricultural soils. There is particular concern about Cadmium (Cd) and Uranium (U) accumulation because these metals are toxic and can endanger soil fertility, leach into groundwater, and be taken up by crops. We determined total Cd and U concentrations in more than 400 topsoil and subsoil samples obtained from 216 agricultural sites across Switzerland...
November 28, 2016: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908044/erratum-acoustic-radiation-potential-on-a-sphere-in-plane-cylindrical-and-spherical-standing-waves-j-acoust-soc-am-77-3-928-945-1985
#16
Martin B Barmatz, Peter Collas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905697/management-of-infertile-women-with-pelvic-endometriosis-a-literature-review
#17
Elisabeth Guinard, Pierre Collinet, Catherine Lefebvre, Geoffroy Robin, Chrystele Rubod
INTRODUCTION: Endometriosis is a condition that affects women's fertility. Several mechanisms are involved in this process: anatomical changes, mechanical, immune or inflammatory factors, ovarian reserve alterations. There are different types of strategies to treat endometriosis-related infertility: medical treatment, surgical treatment and / or techniques of medically assisted procreation. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We tried to consider various therapeutic strategies depending on the stage of the disease in order to offer appropriate management to patients with endometriosis who wish to become pregnant: we reviewed 58 articles between 1985 to 2016 searching in medline using the key words "endometriosis and infertility" and "infertility and endometriosis treatment"...
December 1, 2016: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905672/oral-astragalus-huang-qi-for-preventing-frequent-episodes-of-acute-respiratory-tract-infection-in-children
#18
REVIEW
Guobin Su, Xiankun Chen, Zhuangzhu Liu, Lihong Yang, La Zhang, Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg, Zehuai Wen, Xinfeng Guo, Xindong Qin, Jueyao Liang, Xusheng Liu
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs) are common in children and can involve both upper and lower airways. Many children experience frequent ARTI episodes or recurrent respiratory tract infections (RRTIs) in early life, which creates challenges for paediatricians, primary care physicians, parents and carers of children.In China, Astragalus (Huang qi), alone or in combination with other herbs, is used by Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) practitioners in the form of a water extract, to reduce the risk of ARTIs; it is believed to stimulate the immune system...
December 1, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901244/trends-in-mortality-from-ill-defined-causes-among-the-elderly-in-brazil-1979-2013-ecological-study
#19
Davi Félix Martins, Ridalva Dias Martins Felzemburg, Acácia Batista Dias, Tania Maria Costa, Pedro Nascimento Prates Santos
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Mortality measurements are traditionally used as health indicators and are useful in describing a population's health situation through reporting injuries that lead to death. The aim here was to analyze the temporal trend of proportional mortality from ill-defined causes (IDCs) among the elderly in Brazil from 1979 to 2013. DESIGN AND SETTING: Ecological study using data from the Mortality Information System of the Brazilian Ministry of Health...
September 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899468/favorable-swallowing-outcomes-following-vagus-nerve-sacrifice-for-vagal-schwannoma-resection
#20
Mira A Patel, Danielle F Eytan, Justin Bishop, Joseph A Califano
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of unilateral vagal sacrifice for vagal schwannoma on postoperative swallowing function. STUDY DESIGN: Case series, chart review. SETTING: Academic medical institution. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Ten patients underwent vagus nerve sacrifice for vagal schwannoma resection. Archived pathology records dating from 1985 through 2012 at our institution were retrospectively queried for cases of vagal schwannoma with vagus nerve sacrifice...
November 29, 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
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