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Anesthesia for extrapleural pneumonectomy

Nobuyasu Komasawa, Hiromi Shii, Ryusuke Ueki, Tsuneo Tatara, Chikara Tashiro, Yoshiroh Kaminoh
We report a case of awake intubation in a patient with a difficult airway combined with severe hemorrhagic shock using the Pentax-AWS Airwayscope (AWS). A 65-year-old man experienced severe hemorrhagic shock due to diaphragmatic hernia after extrapleural pneumonectomy and was scheduled for emergent exploratory thoracotomy under general anesthesia. Blood pressure was maintained with dopamine-noradrenaline support, and rapid transfusion. We anticipated difficult ventilation due to a swollen face and tongue. The patient underwent awake intubation with the AWS under dexmedetomidine sedation and lidocaine spray for laryngotracheal anesthesia...
February 2013: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
Seijiro Sonoda, Yuko Kumagawa, Eiichi Inada
A 44-year-old man underwent radical thymectomy for malignant thymoma 5 years ago. He subsequently underwent right extrapleural pneumonectomy because a right pleural metastatic lesion had developed. The operation was completed uneventfully. Immediately after arrival at the intensive care unit, the patient appeared restless and in pain. His heart rate increased to 140 bpm and then abruptly decreased to 20-30 bpm concomitant with profound systolic hypotension of 30-40 mmHg. Chest X-ray showed that the heart was shifted into the right thorax...
December 2010: Journal of Anesthesia
Andrea S Wolf, Jonathan Daniel, David J Sugarbaker
Trimodality treatment of malignant pleural mesothelioma with cytoreductive surgery followed by radiation and chemotherapy has resulted in long-term survival for a select group of patients. Knowledge of the similarities and differences between the two operations that have evolved-extrapleural pneumonectomy and pleurectomy/decortication-is prerequisite to understanding the complex issues associated with patient selection, diagnosis, pathologic staging, preoperative assessment, perioperative management, and adjuvant treatment...
2009: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
S Eba, Y Karube, M Minowa, M Chida, Y Matsumura, Y Matsuura, H Odajima, T Tsuda
We report a case who had undergone operation of very early malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). A 58-year-old woman admitted to first visited hospital because of pleural effusion of the right side. She received a diagnosis of epithelial type MPM which had been confirmed from a pleural biopsy spacemen obtained by thoracoscopy under local anesthesia. An abnormal change of the pleura could not be detected on chest X-ray and thoracic computed tomography (CT) scan after chest drainage. She was referred to our hospital for surgery, and was undergone an extrapleural pneumonectomy followed by postoperative treatment with cisplatin puls gemcitabine...
July 2009: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
Peter Slinger
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pneumonectomy has the highest perioperative risk among common pulmonary resections. The purpose of this review is to update clinicians on the importance of anesthetic management for these patients. RECENT FINDINGS: Two complications associated with increased perioperative mortality are relevant to anesthetic management: postoperative arrhythmias and acute lung injury. The geriatric population is particularly at risk for arrhythmias. Adequate preoperative cardiac assessment and drug prophylaxis may decrease this risk...
February 2009: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Ju-Mei Ng, Philip M Hartigan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Extrapleural pneumonectomy is a radical and aggressive surgery that presents a great challenge to the thoracic anesthesiologist. This surgery is performed routinely by only a few centers in the world and this review represents our institution's experience in anesthetic care. RECENT FINDINGS: Prominent among the developing multimodal treatment options is the combination of extrapleural pneumonectomy with intraoperative intracavitary hyperthermic chemotherapy...
February 2008: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Philip M Hartigan, Ju-Mei Ng
Anesthetic management of patients with extrapleural pneumonectomy may contribute to risk reduction, and it differs from management of patients with standard pneumonectomy in several respects. Hemodynamic and intravascular fluid management is complicated by the significantly greater blood loss and impairments of venous return imposed by weighty tumors and the blunt dissection process. There are greater risks of catastrophic (central) bleeding, dysrhythmias, cardiac herniation, and electrocardiographic changes...
November 2004: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
D N Bimston, J P McGee, M J Liptay, W A Fry
BACKGROUND: Continuous thoracic epidural analgesia is considered by many the gold standard for post-thoracotomy pain control but is associated with its own complications. In this study we compare continuous paravertebral extrapleural to epidural infusion for post-thoracotomy pain control. METHODS: In a prospective fashion, 50 patients were randomized to receive either paravertebral or epidural infusion for post-thoracotomy pain control. The anesthesia department placed epidurals, and the operative surgeon placed unilateral paravertebral catheters...
October 1999: Surgery
T Symreng, M N Gomez, B Johnson, N P Rossi, C K Chiang
The authors evaluated the incidence and type of technical problems associated with blind insertion of intrapleural catheters placed in 21 anesthetized patients and then injected in a double-blind fashion with 0.5% bupivacaine (1.5 mg/kg) or isotonic saline. The patients' chests were then opened, catheter positions located, and the lungs inspected. Eleven of the catheters were located with the tips intrapleurally, three extrapleurally, and seven actually in lung tissue. Eight patients had holes in the lung surface...
April 1989: Journal of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia
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