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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453273/evolution-of-a-holistic-systems-approach-to-planning-and-managing-road-safety-the-victorian-case-study-1970-2015
#1
Carlyn Muir, Ian R Johnston, Eric Howard
BACKGROUND: The Victorian Safe System approach to road safety slowly evolved from a combination of the Swedish Vision Zero philosophy and the Sustainable Safety model developed by the Dutch. The Safe System approach reframes the way in which road safety is viewed and managed. METHODS: This paper presents a case study of the institutional change required to underpin the transformation to a holistic approach to planning and managing road safety in Victoria, Australia...
February 16, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431584/horizon-scanning-how-will-metabolomics-applications-transform-food-science-bioengineering-and-medical-innovation-in-the-current-era-of-foodomics
#2
Mustafa Bayram, Çağlar Gökırmaklı
Food and engineering sciences have tended to neglect the importance of human nutrition sciences and clinical study of new molecules discovered by food engineering community, and vice versa. Yet, the value of systems thinking and use of omics technologies in food engineering are rapidly emerging. Foodomics is a new concept and practice to bring about "precision nutrition" and integrative bioengineering studies of food composition, quality, and safety, and applications to improve health of humans, animals, and other living organisms on the planet...
February 12, 2018: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412277/family-and-crisis-contributions-of-the-systemic-thinking-for-family-care
#3
EDITORIAL
Ana Lúcia de Moraes Horta, Hugo Fernandes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407671/walking-the-talk-comparing-pedestrian-activity-as-imagined-with-activity-as-done
#4
Gemma J M Read, Erin L Stevens, Michael G Lenné, Neville A Stanton, Guy H Walker, Paul M Salmon
The safety of vulnerable road users, including pedestrians, is an important issue worldwide. In line with the shift towards systems thinking in transport safety, the aim of this study was to compare the normal performance of pedestrians as they navigate the road system with that imagined by road system managers to gain insights into how safety management can be improved for this vulnerable road user group. The Event Analysis of Systemic Teamwork framework was used to compare pedestrian activity 'as imagined' and 'as done' at signalised road intersections and railway level crossings...
January 30, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406938/metabolic-syndrome-systems-thinking-in-heart-disease
#5
REVIEW
Ron Dommermuth, Kristine Ewing
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of cardiometabolic risk factors. MetS is associated with approximately 4-fold increase in the likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and a 2-fold increase in the incidence of cardiovascular disease complications. MetS is a progressive, proinflammatory, prothrombotic condition that manifests itself along a broad spectrum of disease. It is associated with hypertension, obstructive sleep apnea, fatty liver disease, gout, and polycystic ovarian syndrome. Intervening in and reversing the pathologic process become more difficult as the disease progresses, highlighting the needs for increased individual and community surveillance and primary prevention...
March 2018: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389313/using-behavior-over-time-graphs-to-spur-systems-thinking-among-public-health-practitioners
#6
Larissa Calancie, Seri Anderson, Jane Branscomb, Alexsandra A Apostolico, Kristen Hassmiller Lich
Public health practitioners can use Behavior Over Time (BOT) graphs to spur discussion and systems thinking around complex challenges. Multiple large systems, such as health care, the economy, and education, affect chronic disease rates in the United States. System thinking tools can build public health practitioners' capacity to understand these systems and collaborate within and across sectors to improve population health. BOT graphs show a variable, or variables (y axis) over time (x axis). Although analyzing trends is not new to public health, drawing BOT graphs, annotating the events and systemic forces that are likely to influence the depicted trends, and then discussing the graphs in a diverse group provides an opportunity for public health practitioners to hear each other's perspectives and creates a more holistic understanding of the key factors that contribute to a trend...
February 1, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384582/using-a-role-play-simulation-game-to-promote-systems-thinking
#7
Judith Young
Learning is a dynamic process where the learner discovers new knowledge and constructs new insights. The "Friday Night in the ER"© role-play simulation game facilitates system thinking, data-based decision making, and collaboration. Nurse educators in academe and health care settings can use this game to practice the essential skills of nurse professionals. J Contin Nurs Educ. 2018;49(1):10-11.
January 1, 2018: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381534/using-systems-thinking-to-envision-quality-and-safety-in-healthcare
#8
Ann M Stalter, Altagracia Mota
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380477/thinking-about-complexity-in-health-a-systematic-review-of-the-key-systems-thinking-and-complexity-ideas-in-health
#9
Evan Rusoja, Deson Haynie, Jessica Sievers, Navonil Mustafee, Fred Nelson, Martin Reynolds, Eric Sarriot, Robert Chad Swanson, Bob Williams
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: As the Sustainable Development Goals are rolled out worldwide, development leaders will be looking to the experiences of the past to improve implementation in the future. Systems thinking and complexity science (ST/CS) propose that health and the health system are composed of dynamic actors constantly evolving in response to each other and their context. While offering practical guidance for steering the next development agenda, there is no consensus as to how these important ideas are discussed in relation to health...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359482/systems-thinking-and-incivility-in-nursing-practice-an-integrative-review
#10
Janet M Phillips, Ann M Stalter, Sherri Winegardner, Carol Wiggs, Amy Jauch
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is a critical need for nurses and interprofessional healthcare providers to implement systems thinking (ST) across international borders, addressing incivility and its perilous effects on patient quality and safety. An estimated one million patients die in hospitals worldwide due to avoidable patient-related errors. Establishing safe and civil workplaces using ST is paramount to promoting clear, level-headed thinking from which patient-centered nursing actions can impact health systems...
January 23, 2018: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356627/rebooting-bioresilience-a-multi-omics-approach-to-tackle-global-catastrophic-biological-risks-and-next-generation-biothreats
#11
Manousos E Kambouris, Yiannis Manoussopoulos, Maria Kantzanou, Aristea Velegraki, Georgios Gaitanis, Michalis Arabatzis, George P Patrinos
Global Catastrophic Biological Risks (GCBRs) refer to biological events-natural, deliberate, and accidental-of a global and lasting impact. This challenges the life scientists to raise their game on two hitherto neglected innovation frontiers: a veritable "futures" thinking to "think the unthinkable," and "systems thinking" so as to see both the trees and the forest when it comes to GCBRs. This innovation analysis article outlines the promise of Omics systems science biotechnologies, for example, to deploy rapid fire diagnostics for health security crises at GCBR level, possibly involving neopathogens and/or incurring epidemics (e...
January 2018: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336597/navigating-emotions-and-relationship-dynamics-family-life-review-as-a-clinical-tool-for-older-adults-during-a-relocation-transition-into-an-assisted-living-facility
#12
Kendra A O'Hora, Karen A Roberto
OBJECTIVE: Relocation for the purpose of receiving care may be one of the more challenging transitions for older adults. The purpose of this study was to facilitate a family life review (FLR) session aimed at enhancing family relationships and assisting older adults in coping with the challenges associated with a relocation. METHODS: Fourteen dyads comprised of older adults who relocated to an assisted living facility (ALF) and a chosen family member or friend participated in a FLR session and semi-structured follow up interview...
January 16, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314478/navigating-systems-ideas-for-health-practice-towards-a-common-learning-device
#13
Martin Reynolds, Eric Sarriot, Robert Chad Swanson, Evan Rusoja
Systems thinking and reference to complexity science have gained currency in health sector practice and research. The extent to which such ideas might represent a mere passing fad or might more usefully be mobilized to tackle wicked problems in health systems is a concern underpinning this paper. Developing the usefulness of the systems idea requires appreciating how systems ideas are used essentially as constructs conceptually bounded by practitioners. Systems are used for purposes of understanding and engaging the reality of health issues, with the intent of transforming the reality into one that is more manageable, equitable, and sustainable...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283669/systems-thinking-and-systems-based-practice-across-the-health-professions-an-inquiry-into-definitions-teaching-practices-and-assessment
#14
Margaret M Plack, Ellen F Goldman, Andrea R Scott, Christine Pintz, Debra Herrmann, Kathleen Kline, Tracey Thompson, Shelley B Brundage
Phenomenon: Systems thinking is the cornerstone of systems-based practice (SBP) and a core competency in medicine and health sciences. Literature regarding how to teach or apply systems thinking in practice is limited. This study aimed to understand how educators in medicine, physical therapy, physician assistant, nursing, and speech-language pathology education programs teach and assess systems thinking and SBP. APPROACH: Twenty-six educators from seven different degree programs across the five professions were interviewed and program descriptions and relevant course syllabi were reviewed...
December 28, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283608/-imagine-a-clinical-world-without-family-systems-thinking
#15
Colleen T Fogarty, Larry B Mauksch
Collaborative family health care acknowledges the importance of family and social context to yield a comprehensive understanding of health. In this editorial, we return to the concept of family systems thinking. (PsycINFO Database Record
December 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280244/complex-systems-thinking-in-emergency-medicine-a-novel-paradigm-for-a-rapidly-changing-and-interconnected-health-care-landscape
#16
Matthew A Widmer, R Chad Swanson, Brian J Zink, Jesse M Pines
INTRODUCTION: The specialty of emergency medicine is experiencing the convergence of a number of transformational forces in the United States, including health care reform, technological advancements, and societal shifts. These bring both opportunity and uncertainty. 21ST CENTURY CHALLENGES: Persistent challenges such as the opioid epidemic, rising health care costs, misaligned incentives, patients with multiple chronic diseases, and emergency department crowding continue to plague the acute, unscheduled care system...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244862/application-of-system-dynamics-and-participatory-spatial-group-model-building-in-animal-health-a-case-study-of-east-coast-fever-interventions-in-lundazi-and-monze-districts-of-zambia
#17
Chisoni Mumba, Eystein Skjerve, Magda Rich, Karl M Rich
East Coast Fever (ECF) is the most economically important production disease among traditional beef cattle farmers in Zambia. Despite the disease control efforts by the government, donors, and farmers, ECF cases are increasing. Why does ECF oscillate over time? Can alternative approaches such as systems thinking contribute solutions to the complex ECF problem, avoid unintended consequences, and achieve sustainable results? To answer these research questions and inform the design and implementation of ECF interventions, we qualitatively investigated the influence of dynamic socio-economic, cultural, and ecological factors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235361/the-elusive-search-for-the-public-voice-in-health-policy-the-case-for-systems-thinking
#18
John Boswell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230310/applying-systems-thinking-to-task-shifting-for-mental-health-using-lay-providers-a-review-of-the-evidence
#19
REVIEW
D Javadi, I Feldhaus, A Mancuso, A Ghaffar
Objective: This paper seeks to review the available evidence to determine whether a systems approach is employed in the implementation and evaluation of task shifting for mental health using lay providers in low- and middle-income countries, and to highlight system-wide effects of task-shifting strategies in order to better inform efforts to strength community mental health systems. Methods: Pubmed, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library databases were searched. Articles were screened by two independent reviewers with a third reviewer resolving discrepancies...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208000/dynamics-behind-the-scale-up-of-evidence-based-obesity-prevention-protocol-for-a-multi-site-case-study-of-an-electronic-implementation-monitoring-system-in-health-promotion-practice
#20
Kathleen P Conte, Sisse Groen, Victoria Loblay, Amanda Green, Andrew Milat, Lina Persson, Christine Innes-Hughes, Jo Mitchell, Sarah Thackway, Mandy Williams, Penelope Hawe
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of many interventions to promote health and prevent disease has been well established. The imperative has therefore shifted from amassing evidence about efficacy to scale-up to maximise population-level health gains. Electronic implementation monitoring, or 'e-monitoring', systems have been designed to assist and track the delivery of preventive policies and programs. However, there is little evidence on whether e-monitoring systems improve the dissemination, adoption, and ongoing delivery of evidence-based preventive programs...
December 6, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
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