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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682719/-evolution-and-prospect-of-colorectal-anastomosis
#1
Qi Liu, Xinxiang Li
Colorectal cancer is the third most common malignant tumor among men, and the second most common malignant tumor among women worldwide. As one of the most common malignant tumor, colorectal cancer has a great threat to the health of people. Although the development of radiotherapy and chemotherapy could improve the prognosis of colorectal cancer, surgery, the complete resection of the tumor, remains the only chance for the cure of this disease. Over the past hundred years, surgical oncology went in the direction of protecting organ function and improving quality of life...
2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669697/the-prevalence-of-sarcopaenia-in-a-vascular-surgical-patient-cohort-and-its-impact-on-outcome
#2
Rachel Heard, Douglas Black, George Ramsay, Neil Scott, Diane Hildebrand
BACKGROUND: Sarcopaenia, loss of lean muscle mass and quality, has prognostic significance and can be used to guide the management of oncology patients.1 However, there is limited research into the prevalence and effect of sarcopaenia in vascular populations. We aim to investigate the prevalence of this measure of physiological reserve in a vascular patient group. METHODS: All patients admitted to a tertiary vascular unit in a single year were considered for the study...
April 16, 2018: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657611/gastric-cancer-with-situs-inversus-totalis-does-it-really-create-difficulties-for-surgeons
#3
Ebubekir Gündeş, Durmuş Ali Çetin, Ulaş Aday, Hüseyin Çiyiltepe, Emre Bozdağ, Aziz Serkan Senger, Selçuk Gülmez, Kamuran Cumhur Değer, Orhan Uzun, Erdal Polat
Introduction: Situs inversus totalis (SIT) is a very rare condition that is seen at a rate of one in about 6000-8000 births. Aim: To offer a general view on the coexistence of SIT and gastric cancer, accompanied by a literature review. Material and methods: Within the scope of this study, the case of a patient with gastric adenocarcinoma and SIT has been presented. Previous research on gastric cancer cases with SIT was reviewed through a comprehensive search of the PubMed, Medline, and Google Scholar databases...
2018: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626285/image-guided-minimally-invasive-treatment-for-small-renal-cell-carcinoma
#4
REVIEW
Miltiadis E Krokidis, Panagiotis Kitrou, Stavros Spiliopoulos, Dimitrios Karnabatidis, Konstantinos Katsanos
Surgical partial nephrectomy is still considered as the "gold standard" for the definitive management of small malignant renal masses, whereas treatment with image-guided percutaneous ablation is still mainly reserved for those patients who cannot undergo nephron-sparing surgical resection due to advanced age, underlying comorbidities or compromised renal function. Nonetheless, the recent evidence that underlines the long-term oncological equipoise of percutaneous ablation methods with surgical resection in combination with the reduced complication rate and cost supports the use of an image-guided minimally invasive approach as a first-line treatment...
April 6, 2018: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618054/influence-of-residual-disease-following-surgical-resection-in-newly-diagnosed-glioblastoma-on-clinical-neurocognitive-and-patient-reported-outcomes
#5
William A Hall, Stephanie L Pugh, Jeffrey S Wefel, Terri S Armstrong, Mark R Gilbert, David G Brachman, Maria Werner-Wasik, Merideth M Wendland, Paul D Brown, Samuel T Chao, Kevin S Roof, H Ian Robins, Minesh P Mehta, Walter J Curran, Benjamin Movsas
BACKGROUND: The influence of subtotal resection (STR) on neurocognitive function (NCF), quality of life, and symptom burden in glioblastoma is unknown. If bevacizumab preferentially benefits patients with STR is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To examine these uncertainties. METHODS: NCF and patient reported outcomes (PRO) were prospectively collected in NRG Oncology RTOG 0525 and 0825. Changes in NCF and PRO measures from baseline to prespecified times were examined by Wilcoxon test, and mixed effects longitudinal modeling, to assess differences between patients who received STR vs gross-total resection...
March 30, 2018: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616463/the-influence-of-comorbidity-on-the-postoperative-survival-in-elderly-%C3%A2-75-years-old-with-lung-cancer
#6
Tokujiro Yano, Mototsugu Shimokawa, Osamu Kawashima, Mitsuhiro Takenoyama, Yoshinori Yamashita, Takeshi Fukami, Tsuyoshi Ueno, Eiji Yatsuyanagi, Seiichi Fukuyama
OBJECTIVES: We conducted a multi-institutional prospective observational study of elderly patients (≥ 75 years-old) with resected non-small cell lung cancer. In this report, we have followed the cohorts for 2 years after surgery and examined both the influence of preoperative comorbidity [Adult Comorbidity Evaluation-27 (ACE-27) index] on the postoperative survival and the change in the Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS). METHODS: From March 2014 to April 2015, 264 patients were prospectively registered from 22 hospitals affiliated with the National Hospital Organization...
April 3, 2018: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588809/evolution-of-transanal-total-mesorectal-excision-for-rectal-cancer-from-top-to-bottom
#7
REVIEW
Sameh Hany Emile, F Borja de Lacy, Deborah Susan Keller, Beatriz Martin-Perez, Sadir Alrawi, Antonio M Lacy, Manish Chand
The gold standard for curative treatment of locally advanced rectal cancer involves radical resection with a total mesorectal excision (TME). TME is the most effective treatment strategy to reduce local recurrence and improve survival outcomes regardless of the surgical platform used. However, there are associated morbidities, functional consequences, and quality of life (QoL) issues associated with TME; these risks must be considered during the modern-day multidisciplinary treatment for rectal cancer. This has led to the development of new surgical techniques to improve patient, oncologic, and QoL outcomes...
March 27, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587903/-minimally-invasive-surgery-in-thymic-malignances
#8
Wentao Fang, Zhitao Gu, Keneng Chen
Surgery is the most important therapy for thymic malignances. The last decade has seen increasing adoption of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) for thymectomy. MIS for early stage thymoma patients has been shown to yield similar oncological results while being helpful in minimize surgical trauma, improving postoperative recovery, and reduce incisional pain. Meanwhile, With the advance in surgical techniques, the patients with locally advanced thymic tumors, preoperative induction therapies or recurrent diseases, may also benefit from MIS in selected cases...
April 20, 2018: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580709/impact-of-surgical-factors-on-robotic-partial-nephrectomy-outcomes-comprehensive-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Giovanni E Cacciamani, Luis G Medina, Tania Gill, Andre Abreu, Renè Sotelo, Walter Artibani, Inderbir S Gill
PURPOSE: Utilization of robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) has increased significantly. We report a literature-wide systematic review and cumulative meta-analysis to critically evaluate the impact of surgical factors on the operative, peri-operative, functional, oncological and survival outcomes of RPN. MATERIALS & METHODS: All English-language publications on RPN comparing various surgical approaches were evaluated. We followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) guidelines to evaluate Pubmed®, Scopus® and Web of Science® databases (01/01/2000-10/31/2016, updated 06/2017)...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567516/predicting-survival-for-metastatic-spine-disease-a-comparison-of-nine-scoring-systems
#10
A Karim Ahmed, C Rory Goodwin, Amir Heravi, Rachel Kim, Nancy Abu-Bonsrah, Eric Sankey, Daniel Kerekes, Rafael De la Garza Ramos, Joseph Schwab, Daniel M Sciubba
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Despite advances in spinal oncology, research into patient-based prognostic calculators for metastatic spine disease is lacking. Much of the literature in this area investigates the general predictive accuracy of scoring systems in heterogeneous populations, with few studies considering the accuracy of scoring systems based on patient specifics such as type of primary tumor. PURPOSE: The aim of the current study was to compare the ability of widespread scoring systems to estimate both overall survival at various time points and tumor-specific survival for patients undergoing surgical treatment for metastatic spine disease in order to provide surgeons with information to determine the most appropriate scoring system for a specific patient and timeline...
March 19, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547600/nurses-caring-behaviors-the-perception-of-patients-with-cancer-at-the-time-of-discharge-after-surgery
#11
Emily K Compton, Karen Gildemeyer, Tina M Mason, Susan R Hartranft, Steven K Sutton
BACKGROUND: Duffy's Quality-Caring Model guides nursing practice at the H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute in Tampa, FL. No published studies using this model in oncology were found. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this article is to determine patients' perceptions of nurse caring behaviors at the time of discharge after surgery. METHODS: A descriptive correlational design was used. Data were collected using Duffy's Caring Assessment Tool (CAT)...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546560/study-protocol-for-a-multicenter-prospective-controlled-and-randomized-trial-of-transanal-total-mesorectal-excision-versus-laparoscopic-low-anterior-resection-in-rectal-cancer
#12
X Serra-Aracil, A Zárate, L Mora, S Serra-Pla, A Pallisera, J Bonfill, J Bargalló, A Pando, S Delgado, E Balleteros, C Pericay
PURPOSE: Compared with the open approach, laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (TME) achieves faster patient recovery, reduces morbidity rates, and shortens hospital stay. However, in laparoscopic low anterior resection (L-LAR), conversion to open surgery is required in almost 20% of cases. Transanal TME (Ta-TME) combined with laparoscopy, also called hybrid natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES), is a less invasive procedure that can overcome some of the limitations of laparoscopic rectal surgery...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538168/frailty-and-geriatric-assessment-in-urologic-oncology
#13
Tyler Sheetz, Cheryl T Lee
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: As the population ages, urologic oncologists are caring for older and more vulnerable patients that must withstand complex surgical treatments. Our healthcare environment emphasizes surgical quality, reductions in length of hospital stay, reduced readmission rates, and high patient satisfaction. So those who manage urologic malignancies must be able to optimize their patients. Understanding the concept of frailty, how to diagnose it in a timely and reliable manner, appreciate its perioperative impact, and consider interventions to reduce its effects may improve surgical outcomes...
March 13, 2018: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530664/vulvar-field-resection-based-on-ontogenetic-cancer-field-theory-for-surgical-treatment-of-vulvar-carcinoma-a-single-centre-single-group-prospective-trial
#14
Michael Höckel, Sophia Trott, Nadja Dornhöfer, Lars-Christian Horn, Bettina Hentschel, Benjamin Wolf
BACKGROUND: The incidence of vulvar cancer is increasing, but surgical treatment-the current standard of care-often leads to unsatisfactory outcomes, especially in patients with node-positive disease. Preliminary results at our centre showed that locoregional spread of vulvar carcinoma occurs within tissue domains defined by stepwise embryonic and fetal development (ontogenetic cancer fields and associated lymph node regions). We propose that clinical translation of these insights into practice could improve outcomes of surgical treatment of vulvar cancer...
April 2018: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524715/surgeon-annual-and-cumulative-volumes-predict-early-postoperative-outcomes-after-brain-tumor-resection
#15
Rohan Ramakrishna, Wei-Chun Hsu, Jialin Mao, Art Sedrakyan
OBJECTIVE: Surgeon volume has been previously shown to impact patient outcomes. However, data related to neuro-oncologic surgery is limited and does not include neurologic morbidities as an outcomes measure. In this study, we aimed to determine if 5-year surgeon cumulative and annual volumes predict early postoperative outcomes in patients following brain tumor surgery. METHODS: A population-based cohort of patients (n=10, 258) undergoing brain tumor resection between 2005 and 2014 were included for study utilizing the New York Statewide Planning and Research Cooperation System...
March 7, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503781/preoperative-stereotactic-radiosurgery-of-brain-metastases-preliminary-results
#16
Elena Vetlova, Denis A Golbin, Andrey V Golanov, Alexander A Potapov, Sergey M Banov, Natalia Antipina, Valery V Kostjuchenko, Dmitry Y Usachev, Artem Y Belyaev, Sergey Goryaynov
INTRODUCTION:  Preoperative stereotactic radiosurgery (pre-SRS) is a recent advancement in the strategy for brain metastasis (BM) management, and available data demonstrate the advantages of pre-SRS before postoperative radiation treatment, including lower rates of local toxicity, leptomeningeal progression, and a high percentage of local control. The authors presented the results of pre-SRS in patients with BM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nineteen patients with BM (11 female and eight male) have been treated at N...
December 26, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492912/-function-preserving-gastrectomy-for-early-gastric-cancer-based-on-japanese-researches
#17
Chi Zhang, Xiang Hu
In the past, people only focused on surgical resection of gastric cancer to obtain satisfactory therapeutic effect, while the concept of function-preserving in gastric cancer surgery has not been emphasized. Gastric function-preserving surgery was originally performed by Japanese doctor Maki for surgical treatment of gastroduodenal ulcer. With the definition of early gastric cancer being accepted, the pylorus-preserving gastrectomy can be used continuously in the treatment of gastric cancer. Because of high incidence of early gastric cancer in Japan, a variety of application and research about function-preserving gastrectomy in other areas for treatment of early gastric cancer, such as proximal gastrectomy and jejunal interposition, segmental gastrectomy, gastric local resection and laparoscopic and endoscopic cooperative surgery (LECS) at the same time, and regional or sentinel lymph node dissection were performed for the purpose of radical cure...
February 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492910/-laparoscopic-gastrectomy-combined-with-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-for-gastric-cancer-patients-from-the-view-of-the-class-03a-trial
#18
Jiankun Hu, Weihan Zhang, Xinzu Chen
Neoadjuvant chemotherapy combined with radical gastrectomy is one of the most important parts of the multimodality therapy strategies for locally advanced gastric cancer. With the development of laparoscopic technique in recent decades, laparoscopic technique plays a more and more important role in the surgical treatment of gastric cancer. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy, as a part of comprehensive treatment of gastric cancer, has gained more and more clinical supports and been recommended for guidelines. With the development of laparoscopic technique and clinical evidence, laparoscopic operation for advanced gastric cancer has been applied more and more widely...
February 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492908/-clinical-research-status-of-laparoscopic-gastric-cancer-surgery-in-china-japan-and-south-korea
#19
Guoxin Li, Xinhua Chen, Jiang Yu, Hao Liu
Laparoscopic surgery has its unique minimally invasive advantages, however, taking the complex and difficult D2 lymph node dissection for advanced gastric cancer into consideration, laparoscopic gastrectomy was only applied in the treatment of early gastric cancer at its preliminary stage. With the development of more than a decade, many multicenter clinical data have confirmed the safety, feasibility and effectiveness of laparoscopic radical gastrectomy for early gastric cancer. Based on high-quality evidence-based medicine evidence, laparoscopic gastrectomy has been recommended as an optional treatment for stage I( gastric cancer by the Japanese Gastric Cancer Treatment Guidelines 2014(ver...
February 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461914/comparison-of-open-versus-laparoscopic-versus-hand-assisted-laparoscopic-nephroureterectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Akbar Nouralizadeh, Shahin Tabatabaei, Abbas Basiri, Nasser Simforoosh, Mohammad Soleimani, Babak Javanmard, Anahita Ansari, Hamidreza Shemshaki
BACKGROUND: A systematic analysis of the evidence regarding oncological, perioperative and postoperative outcomes of open nephroureterectomy (ONU), laparoscopic nephroureterectomy (LNU), and hand-assisted laparoscopic nephroureterectomy (HALNU) was designed. METHODS: The summarized data were abstracted from 52 original research articles representing 19,195 patients. PubMed/Medline, Scopus, Google Scholar, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were reviewed in March 2017, following PRISMA framework...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
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