keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

surgical oncology research

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208398/future-cancer-research-priorities-in-the-usa-a-lancet-oncology-commission
#1
REVIEW
Elizabeth M Jaffee, Chi Van Dang, David B Agus, Brian M Alexander, Kenneth C Anderson, Alan Ashworth, Anna D Barker, Roshan Bastani, Sangeeta Bhatia, Jeffrey A Bluestone, Otis Brawley, Atul J Butte, Daniel G Coit, Nancy E Davidson, Mark Davis, Ronald A DePinho, Robert B Diasio, Giulio Draetta, A Lindsay Frazier, Andrew Futreal, Sam S Gambhir, Patricia A Ganz, Levi Garraway, Stanton Gerson, Sumit Gupta, James Heath, Ruth I Hoffman, Cliff Hudis, Chanita Hughes-Halbert, Ramy Ibrahim, Hossein Jadvar, Brian Kavanagh, Rick Kittles, Quynh-Thu Le, Scott M Lippman, David Mankoff, Elaine R Mardis, Deborah K Mayer, Kelly McMasters, Neal J Meropol, Beverly Mitchell, Peter Naredi, Dean Ornish, Timothy M Pawlik, Jeffrey Peppercorn, Martin G Pomper, Derek Raghavan, Christine Ritchie, Sally W Schwarz, Richard Sullivan, Richard Wahl, Jedd D Wolchok, Sandra L Wong, Alfred Yung
We are in the midst of a technological revolution that is providing new insights into human biology and cancer. In this era of big data, we are amassing large amounts of information that is transforming how we approach cancer treatment and prevention. Enactment of the Cancer Moonshot within the 21st Century Cures Act in the USA arrived at a propitious moment in the advancement of knowledge, providing nearly US$2 billion of funding for cancer research and precision medicine. In 2016, the Blue Ribbon Panel (BRP) set out a roadmap of recommendations designed to exploit new advances in cancer diagnosis, prevention, and treatment...
November 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206790/aspirin-for-prophylaxis-against-venous-thromboembolism-after-orthopaedic-oncologic-surgery
#2
Gregory M Mendez, Yash M Patel, Daniel A Ricketti, John P Gaughan, Richard D Lackman, Tae Won B Kim
BACKGROUND: Patients who undergo orthopaedic oncologic surgical procedures are at increased risk of developing a venous thromboembolism (VTE). Guidelines from surgical societies are shifting to include aspirin as a postoperative VTE prophylactic agent. The purpose of this study was to review our experience using aspirin as postoperative VTE prophylaxis for orthopaedic oncologic surgical procedures. METHODS: This study was a retrospective review of patients diagnosed with a primary malignant soft-tissue or bone tumor or metastatic carcinoma...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205995/volume-and-health-outcomes-evidence-from-systematic-reviews-and-from-evaluation-of-italian-hospital-data
#3
Laura Amato, Danilo Fusco, Anna Acampora, Katia Bontempi, Alessandro Cesare Rosa, Paola Colais, Fabio Cruciani, Mariangela D'Ovidio, Francesca Mataloni, Silvia Minozzi, Zuzana Mitrova, Luigi Pinnarelli, Rosella Saulle, Salvatore Soldati, Chiara Sorge, Simona Vecchi, Martina Ventura, Marina Davoli
BACKGROUND Improving quality and effectiveness of healthcare is one of the priorities of health policies. Hospital or physician volume represents a measurable variable with an impact on effectiveness of healthcare. An Italian law calls for the definition of «qualitative, structural, technological, and quantitative standards of hospital care». There is a need for an evaluation of the available scientific evidence in order to identify qualitative, structural, technological, and quantitative standards of hospital care, including the volume of care above or below which the public and private hospitals may be accredited (or not) to provide specific healthcare interventions...
September 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205797/stereotactic-ablative-radiotherapy-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-history-current-status-and-opportunities
#4
REVIEW
Jeffrey Meyer, Amit G Singal
A variety of surgical and other local-regional approaches to the management of hepatocellular carcinoma are in clinical use. External beam radiation therapy is a relative newcomer to the portfolio of treatment options. Advances in planning and delivery of radiation therapy, developing in parallel with and inspiring changing paradigms of tumor management in the field of radiation oncology, have led to growing interest in radiation therapy as a viable treatment option for hepatocellular carcinoma as well as other liver tumors...
December 5, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204089/subpopulations-of-natural-killer-t-like-cells-before-and-after-surgical-treatment-of-laryngeal-cancer
#5
Janusz Klatka, Ewelina Grywalska, Anna Hymos, Ewelina Krasowska, Michał Mielnik, Dorota Siwicka-Gieroba, Justyna Markowicz, Piotr Trojanowski, Witold Olszański, Jacek Roliński
Introduction: Tumours connected with head and neck comprise about 5% of all tumours. The most frequent histological type of laryngeal carcinoma is squamous cell carcinoma. Different research projects suggest that the role of T lymphocytes might be significant in tumour development. iNKT cells are a new subpopulation of T cells and show cytotoxic activity against tumours. iNKT cells participate in modulating the function of other cells which have anti-tumour properties and secrete cytokines, which have pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory effects...
2017: Central-European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189967/evaluation-of-a-specialized-oncology-nursing-supportive-care-intervention-in-newly-diagnosed-breast-and-colorectal-cancer-patients-following-surgery-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#6
Jonathan Sussman, Daryl Bainbridge, Timothy J Whelan, Kevin Brazil, Sameer Parpia, Jennifer Wiernikowski, Susan Schiff, Gary Rodin, Myles Sergeant, Doris Howell
BACKGROUND: Better coordination of supportive services during the early phases of cancer care has been proposed to improve the care experience of patients. We conducted a randomized trial to test a community-based nurse-led coordination of care intervention in cancer patients. METHODS: Surgical practices were cluster randomized to a control group involving usual care practices or a standardized nursing intervention consisting of an in-person supportive care assessment with ongoing support to meet identified needs, including linkage to community services...
November 30, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180186/laparoscopic-versus-open-liver-resection-for-colorectal-liver-metastases-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Yusheng Cheng, Lei Zhang, Huizi Li, Li Wang, Yiming Huang, Lihao Wu, Yingcai Zhang
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) has been proposed as a safe and feasible treatment option for colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM). However, the short-term and oncologic outcomes of LLR versus open liver resection (OLR) for CRLM have not been adequately assessed. Thus, we herein provide an updated systematic review comparing short-term and oncologic outcomes of CRLM patients undergoing LLR versus OLR. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in the Pubmed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases (until November 2, 2016) with a limitation to the publications in English...
December 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167827/hepatocellular-cancer-and-recurrence-after-liver-transplantation-what-about-the-impact-of-immunosuppression
#8
REVIEW
Jan Lerut, Samuele Iesari, Maxime Foguenne, Quirino Lai
Liver transplantation (LT) has originally been designed to treat hepatobiliary malignancies. The initial results of LT for hepatocellular cancer (HCC) were, however, dismal this mainly due to the poor patient selection procedure. Better surgical and perioperative care and, especially, the refinement of selection criteria led to a major improvement of results, making HCC nowadays (again!) one of the leading indications for LT. This evolution is clearly shown by the innumerable reports aiming to further extend inclusion criteria for LT in HCC patients...
2017: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164264/risks-and-benefits-of-salpingectomy-at-the-time-of-sterilization
#9
Tara Castellano, Matthew Zerden, Laura Marsh, Kim Boggess
Importance: Bilateral salpingectomy reduces the risk ovarian cancer. The Society of Gynecologic Oncology has recommended surgeons discuss salpingectomy with patients desiring sterilization. Objective: This review summarizes current literature on the benefits and risks of bilateral salpingectomy to reduce ovarian cancer risk. Areas of insufficient evidence and directions for further research are discussed. Evidence Acquisition: We examined the benefits and risks of bilateral salpingectomy for female surgical sterilization, using a PubMed and EMBASE literature review...
November 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157120/evaluating-nurse-understanding-and-participation-in-the-informed-consent-process
#10
Sydney A Axson, Nicholas A Giordano, Robin M Hermann, Connie M Ulrich
BACKGROUND: Informed consent is fundamental to the autonomous decision-making of patients, yet much is still unknown about the process in the clinical setting. In an evolving healthcare landscape, nurses must be prepared to address patient understanding and participate in the informed consent process to better fulfill their well-established role as patient advocates. RESEARCH OBJECTIVE: This study examines hospital-based nurses' experiences and understandings of the informed consent process...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138191/evaluation-of-guidelines-regarding-surgical-treatment-of-breast-cancer-using-the-agree-instrument-a-systematic-review
#11
Xin Lei, Fengtao Liu, Shuying Luo, Ya Sun, Liling Zhu, Fengxi Su, Kai Chen, Shunrong Li
OBJECTIVES: Many clinical practice guidelines and consensus statements (CPGs/consensus statements) have been developed for the surgical treatments for breast cancer. This study aims to evaluate the quality of these CPGs/consensus statements. METHODS: We systematically searched the PubMed and EMBASE databases, as well as four guideline repositories, to identify CPGs and consensus statements regarding surgical treatments for breast cancer between January 2009 and December 2016...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129549/application-of-acosog-z1071-effect-of-results-on-patient-care-and-surgical-decision-making
#12
Jacquelyn A V Palmer, Teresa Flippo-Morton, Kendall K Walsh, Lejla Hadzikadic Gusic, Terry Sarantou, Myra M Robinson, Richard L White
BACKGROUND: The ACOSOG (American College of Surgeons Oncology Group) Z1071 assessed the feasibility of performing sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) in node-positive patients who completed neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT). Historically, adoption of clinical research into practice takes years. The goal of this study was to determine the effect of Z1071 on our practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective review of Z1071's influence on a single institution's practice...
October 12, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124419/a-systematic-review-to-assess-the-management-of-patients-with-cerebral-metastases-secondary-to-colorectal-cancer
#13
REVIEW
I L Silva, M Iskandarani, A Hotouras, J Murphy, C Bhan, B Adada, S D Wexner
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) rarely metastasizes to the brain. The incidence of cerebral metastases (CM) is estimated between 1 and 3%. Given the improved survival from advanced CRC as a result of surgical and oncological advances, it is anticipated that the incidence of patients with CM from CRC will rise over the next few years. The aim of this article was to systematically review the treatment options and outcome of patients with CM from CRC. METHODS: PubMed and Medline databases were examined using the search words or MESH headings "colorectal" "cancer/carcinoma/adenocarcinoma", "cerebral"/"brain" and "metastases/metastasis"...
November 9, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121199/the-next-19-years-of-the-american-head-and-neck-society
#14
Jeffrey N Myers
Jeffrey N. Myers, MD, PhD, president of the American Head and Neck Society (AHNS) for 2016 to 2017, offered his perspectives on the AHNS's history, present-day activities, and future plans at this year's annual meeting of the society. The society was created from the 1998 merger of 2 societies, the Society for Head and Neck Surgeons (SHNS), founded in 1954, and the American Society for Head and Neck Surgery (ASHNS), founded in 1959, to become the largest organization in North America for the advancement of research and education in head and neck oncology...
November 9, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113840/extended-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-after-radical-cystectomy-a-call-for-adherence-to-current-guidelines
#15
REVIEW
Zachary Klaassen, Karan Arora, Hanan Goldberg, Thenappan Chandrasekar, Christopher J D Wallis, Rashid K Sayyid, Neil E Fleshner, Antonio Finelli, Alexander Kutikov, Philippe D Violette, Girish S Kulkarni
PURPOSE: Radical cystectomy (RC) is an inherently morbid procedure. The purpose of this review is to assess the timing and incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE), review current guideline recommendations, and provide evidence for considering extended VTE prophylaxis among all patients undergoing RC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a PubMed search of available literature for RC and VTE, focusing on: incidence and timing, evidence supporting extended VTE prophylaxis (among RC and abdominal surgical oncology patients), current guideline recommendations, safety considerations, and direct oral anticoagulants...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110856/external-validation-of-prognostic-indices-for-overall-survival-of-malignant-pleural-mesothelioma
#16
Yuki Kataoka, Yosuke Yamamoto, Taiichiro Otsuki, Sawako Kaku, Nobuko Maehashi-Wada, Shingo Fukuma, Masataka Hirabayashi, Takashi Nakano, Shunichi Fukuhara
OBJECTIVE: There are several prognostic indices (PIs) to predict overall survival (OS) in malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) patients. Before using a clinical prediction model in the actual clinical setting, empiric evaluation of its performance based on datasets that were not used to develop the model (i.e., external validation) is essential. The purpose of this study was to conduct an external validation of the PIs for MPM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed on MPM patients treated at 2 tertiary hospitals in Japan between 2007 and 2015...
November 2017: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097072/recommendations-for-randomised-trials-in-surgical-oncology
#17
J C Glasbey, E L Magill, K Brock, S P Bach
Trials of surgical procedures in the treatment of malignant disease face a unique set of challenges. This review aimed to describe recommendations for the design, delivery and reporting of randomised trials in surgical oncology. A literature search was carried out without date limits to identify articles related to trial methodology research in surgery and surgical oncology. A narrative review was framed around two open National Institute of Health Research portfolio trials in colon and rectal cancer: the STAR-TREC trial (ISRCTN14240288) and the ROCCS trial (ISRCTN46330337)...
October 30, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090030/cancer-related-fatigue-in-breast-cancer-survivors-in-correlation-to-demographic-factors
#18
Fatemeh Moghaddam Tabrizi, Saeedeh Alizadeh
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is one of the most frequent symptoms in cancer patients. However, its exact causes are still unknown, and this circumstance makes it complicated to encounter the problem. OBJECTIVE: The current research was carried out to investigate factors associated with fatigue in cancer patients without other diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The research was conducted in 2013. A group of 150 randomly selected breast cancer patients who had successful surgical treatment and attending in oncology ward to receive chemotherapy and radiotherapy...
June 2017: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071149/laparoscopic-vs-robotic-nephroureterectomy-is-it-time-to-re-establish-the-standard-evidence-from-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Thomas Stonier, Nick Simson, Su-Min Lee, Ian Robertson, Tarik Amer, Bhaskar K Somani, Bhavan P Rai, Omar Aboumarzouk
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of comparative studies of laparoscopic nephroureterectomy (LNU), the standard management for upper urothelial tumours, and robot-assisted NU (RANU) that has emerged as a viable alternative. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library were searched according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines to identify all studies reporting on both LNU and RANU for upper urothelial tract tumours...
September 2017: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032924/epidemiology-of-rare-cancers-and-inequalities-in-oncologic-outcomes
#20
G Gatta, A Trama, R Capocaccia
Rare cancers epidemiology is better known compared to the other rare diseases. Thanks to the long history of the European population-based cancer registries and to the EUROCARE huge database, the burden of rare cancers has been estimated the European (EU28) population. A considerable fraction of all cancers is represented by rare cancers (24%). They are a heterogeneous group of diseases, but they share similar problems: uncertainty of diagnosis, lack of therapies, poor research opportunities, difficulties in clinical trials, lack of expertise and of centres of reference...
September 19, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
keyword
keyword
93122
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"