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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032924/epidemiology-of-rare-cancers-and-inequalities-in-oncologic-outcomes
#1
G Gatta, A Trama, R Capocaccia
Rare cancers epidemiology is better known compared to the other rare diseases. Thanks to the long history of the European population-based cancer registries and to the EUROCARE huge database, the burden of rare cancers has been estimated the European (EU28) population. A considerable fraction of all cancers is represented by rare cancers (24%). They are a heterogeneous group of diseases, but they share similar problems: uncertainty of diagnosis, lack of therapies, poor research opportunities, difficulties in clinical trials, lack of expertise and of centres of reference...
September 19, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022081/surgical-management-and-outcomes-of-12-cases-of-wilms-tumour-with-intracardiac-extension-from-a-single-centre
#2
Sharon G Cox, A Davidson, J Thomas, A Brooks, J Hewitson, A Numanoglu, A J W Millar
PURPOSE: To review demographics, effect of preoperative chemotherapy on tumour thrombus, imaging, operative strategy, and outcomes of 12 patients presenting with intracardiac extension of Wilms tumour thrombus. METHODS: A retrospective audit was undertaken on patients with intracardiac extension of Wilms tumour. Patients were identified from the oncology database and information obtained on clinical presentation, stage, preoperative treatment, surgical procedures and complications, histology, and survival status...
October 11, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994196/demographics-management-and-treatment-outcomes-of-benign-and-malignant-retroperitoneal-tumors-in-japan
#3
Naohiro Fujimoto, Tatsuhiko Kubo, Masanori Hisaoka, Kazuma Udo, Akira Yokomizo, Tadamasa Shibuya, Hironobu Wakeda, Kiyoaki Nishihara, Ryosuke Moriya, Keiko Iwakuma
OBJECTIVES: To show the demographics, type of treatment and clinical outcomes of patients with retroperitoneal tumors in Japan. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective analysis of patients with retroperitoneal tumors treated between 2000 and 2012 at 12 university hospitals in Japan. Histology was re-evaluated using the 2013 World Health Organization classification. RESULTS: A total of 167 patients were included in the analysis. The number of diagnosed patients increased over the 12-year study period...
October 9, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985845/postoperative-paralytic-ileus-remains-a-problem-following-surgery-for-advanced-pelvic-cancers
#4
Jonas Amstrup Funder, Rikke Tolstrup, Betina Norman Jepsen, Lene Hjerrild Iversen
BACKGROUND: Paralytic postoperative ileus (POI) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality after abdominal surgery. Despite increased awareness and implementation of various measures, POI remains a problem, perhaps moreso for those patients undergoing extensive oncological surgical treatment. The aim of this study was to describe the extent of POI after advanced cancer surgery in the era of contemporary treatment modalities of POI. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all patients who underwent either abdominoperineal excision with transpelvic vertical rectus abdominal musculocutaneous (VRAM)-flap after anal cancer or pelvic exenteration at single institution from January 2012 to November 2013 was carried out...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975890/identification-and-validation-of-novel-prognostic-markers-in-renal-cell-carcinoma
#5
Maj Rabjerg
Kidney cancer (Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC)) is one of the most deadly malignancies due to frequent late diagnosis and poor treatment options. Histologically, RCC embraces a wide variety of different subtypes with the clear cell variant (ccRCC) being the most common, accounting for 75-90% of all RCCs. At present, the surveillance protocols for follow-up of RCC patients after radical nephrectomy are based on the American Joint Committee on Cancers (AJCC) pathological tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) classification system...
October 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975111/human-papillomavirus-in-head-and-neck-cancer-in-india-current-status-and-consensus-recommendations
#6
REVIEW
Vedang Murthy, Adnan Calcuttawala, Kirti Chadha, Anil d'Cruz, Arvind Krishnamurthy, Indranil Mallick, Sudhir Nair, Tanuja Teni, Sagar Pawar, Kaustav Talapatra, Asawari Patil, Amit Bhatt, Sanjoy Chatterjee, Monali Swain, Prasad Narayanan, Nikhil Ghadyalpatil, Manish Singhal, Moni Kuriakose, Kumar Prabhash, Jaiprakash Agarwal, Purvish Parikh
Human papillomavirus (HPV) associated head and neck squamous cell cancers (HNSCC) have become increasingly common in the West, but the same cannot be said about India. These cancers have a different biology and confer a better prognosis, however, its current role in the management of patients in India is not clearly defined. At the 35(th) Indian Cooperative Oncology Network conference held in September 2016, a panel of radiation, surgical and medical oncologists, pathologists, and basic scientists from across the country having experience in clinical research with respect to HPV in HNSCC reviewed the available literature from India...
July 2017: South Asian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972457/oncologic-effectiveness-and-safety-of-bursectomy-in-patients-with-advanced-gastric-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-updated-meta-analysis
#7
Luigi Marano, Karol Polom, Alberto Bartoli, Alessandro Spaziani, Raffaele De Luca, Laura Lorenzon, Natale Di Martino, Daniele Marrelli, Franco Roviello, Giampaolo Castagnoli
Purpose/Aim: In the past few decades some researchers have questioned whether bursectomy for gastric cancer is essential from an oncological point of view and no consistent recommendations have been proposed. The aim of this systematic review with meta-analysis is to investigate the oncologic effectiveness and safety of bursectomy for the treatment of advanced gastric cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We planned and performed this systematic review and meta-analysis in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) statement and Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Intervention...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959143/surveillance-and-prevention-of-surgical-site-infections-in-breast-oncologic-surgery-with-immediate-reconstruction
#8
Margaret A Olsen, Katelin B Nickel, Ida K Fox
Surgical site infection (SSI) after immediate breast reconstruction is much more common than would be expected after a clean surgical procedure. Although the SSI rates reported in individual studies are quite variable, there are no obvious explanations for the variation in infection rates between institutions. The microbiology of these SSIs is unusual, with higher proportions of infections caused by atypical Myobacterium species and Gram-negative bacilli than would be expected for this anatomic site. In an effort to prevent SSIs, many surgeons use a variety of different practices including irrigation and soaking of implants with antibiotic solutions and prolonged duration of prophylactic antibiotics, although the literature to support these practices is very sparse...
June 2017: Current Treatment Options in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949315/quality-of-life-and-depression-among-female-patients-undergoing-surgical-treatment-for-breast-cancer-a-prospective-study
#9
Anto Dujmović, Darko Marčinko, Krešimir Bulić, Hrvoje Kisić, Mladen Duduković, Davor Mijatović
BACKGROUND: Breast carcinoma is the most common malignant disease in women in the majority of developed countries. The development of depression as well as the quality of life (QoL) in these patients depends not only on the result of oncologic treatment, but on the cosmetic outcome as well. The primary aim of this prospective study was to investigate the changes in QoL and depressive symptoms among patients undergoing surgical treatment for breast cancer. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective study that included 100 female patients (mean age 60...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945830/patient-derived-xenografts-effectively-capture-responses-to-oncology-therapy-in-a-heterogeneous-cohort-of-patients-with-solid-tumors
#10
E Izumchenko, K Paz, D Ciznadija, I Sloma, A Katz, D Vasquez-Dunddel, I Ben-Zvi, J Stebbing, W McGuire, W Harris, R Maki, A Gaya, A Bedi, S Zacharoulis, R Ravi, L H Wexler, M O Hoque, C Rodriguez-Galindo, H Pass, N Peled, A Davies, R Morris, M Hidalgo, D Sidransky
Background: While patient-derived xenografts (PDXs) offer a powerful modality for translational cancer research, a precise evaluation of how accurately patient responses correlate with matching PDXs in a large, heterogeneous population is needed for assessing the utility of this platform for preclinical drug-testing and personalized patient cancer treatment. Patients and methods: Tumors obtained from surgical or biopsy procedures from 237 cancer patients with a variety of solid tumors were implanted into immunodeficient mice and whole-exome sequencing was carried out...
October 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925941/cold-atmospheric-plasma-in-the-treatment-of-osteosarcoma
#11
REVIEW
Denis Gümbel, Sander Bekeschus, Nadine Gelbrich, Matthias Napp, Axel Ekkernkamp, Axel Kramer, Matthias B Stope
Human osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common primary malignant bone tumor occurring most commonly in adolescents and young adults. Major improvements in disease-free survival have been achieved by implementing a combination therapy consisting of radical surgical resection of the tumor and systemic multi-agent chemotherapy. However, long-term survival remains poor, so novel targeted therapies to improve outcomes for patients with osteosarcoma remains an area of active research. This includes immunotherapy, photodynamic therapy, or treatment with nanoparticles...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910997/paediatric-nuclear-medicine-imaging
#12
Lorenzo Biassoni, Marina Easty
Background: Nuclear medicine imaging explores tissue viability and function by using radiotracers that are taken up at cellular level with different mechanism. This imaging technique can also be used to assess blood flow and transit through tubular organs. Nuclear medicine imaging has been used in paediatrics for decades and this field is continuously evolving. Sources of data: The data presented comes from clinical experience and some milestone papers on the subject...
September 1, 2017: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904361/intrafascial-versus-interfascial-nerve-sparing-in-radical-prostatectomy-for-localized-prostate-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Hong Weng, Xian-Tao Zeng, Sheng Li, Xiang-Yu Meng, Ming-Jun Shi, Da-Lin He, Xing-Huan Wang
The present study aimed to systematically evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the intrafascial and interfascial nerve sparing (ITR-NS and ITE-NS) radical prostatectomy. PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases were searched for eligible studies. Meta-analysis with random-effects model was performed. Six comparative trials were selected and embraced in this research, including one randomized controlled trial, three prospective comparative trials, and two retrospective comparative trials. With regard to perioperative parameters, no significant association of operative time, blood loss, transfusion rates, duration of catheterization, and hospital stay existed between ITR-NS and ITE-NS...
September 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903826/comparison-of-6-injectable-anesthetic-regimens-and-isoflurane-in-gray-short-tailed-opossums-monodelphis-domestica
#14
Grace J Barnett, Ian J Barnett, Steven R Wilson, Peter C Smith
Gray short-tailed opossums are used in a wide variety of research in the areas of developmental biology, oncology, immunology, and comparative biology. Despite many frequent experimental manipulations of these animals under anesthesia, few studies to date have characterized the effects of anesthesia in this species. Our aim was to identify safe and effective injectable anesthetic combinations using ketamine and xylazine or ketamine and dexmedetomidine at doses of 40 mg/kg to 100 mg/kg for ketamine, 5 mg/kg to 10 mg/kg for xylazine, and 0...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881890/active-surveillance-in-clinically-complete-responders-after-neoadjuvant-chemoradiotherapy-for-esophageal-or-junctional-cancer
#15
B J Noordman, B P L Wijnhoven, S M Lagarde, K Biermann, A van der Gaast, M C W Spaander, R Valkema, J J B van Lanschot
Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) followed by surgery is standard of care for locally advanced esophageal cancer in many countries. After nCRT up to one third of all patients have a pathologically complete response in the resection specimen, posing an ethical imperative to reconsider the necessity of standard surgery in all operable patients after nCRT. An active surveillance strategy following nCRT, in which patients are subjected to frequent clinical investigations after the completion of neoadjuvant therapy, has been evaluated in other types of cancer with promising results...
December 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877002/lymphedema-pathogenesis-and-novel-therapies
#16
Joseph H Dayan, Catherine L Ly, Raghu P Kataru, Babak J Mehrara
Lymphedema affects up to 1 in 6 patients who undergo treatment for a solid tumor in the United States. Its prevalence has increased as more effective oncologic therapies have improved patient survival, but there remains no definitive cure. Recent research has elucidated new details in the pathogenesis of the disease and has demonstrated that it is fundamentally an immunologic progress that ultimately results in inflammation, fibroadipose deposition, impaired lymphangiogenesis, and dysfunctional lymphatic pumping...
September 6, 2017: Annual Review of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870711/the-economics-of-academic-advancement-within-surgery
#17
Maria Baimas-George, Brian Fleischer, James R Korndorffer, Douglas Slakey, Christopher DuCoin
BACKGROUND: The success of an academic surgeon's career is often viewed as directly related to academic appointment; therefore, the sequence of promotion is a demanding, rigorous process. This paper seeks to define the financial implication of academic advancement across different surgical subspecialties. STUDY DESIGN: Data was collected from the Association of American Medical College's 2015 report of average annual salaries. Assumptions included 30 years of practice, 5 years as assistant professor, and 10 years as associate professor before advancement...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862111/how-can-we-improve-education-of-breast-surgeons-across-europe
#18
Agnieszka Kolacinska
The proposed global curriculum developed by the American Society of Surgical Oncology (SSO) and the European Society of Surgical Oncology (ESSO) and the textbook: provides a state-of- the- art of breast cancer surgery, complements the syllabus and curriculum of the Union Europeenne des Medecins Specialistes (UEMS) examination in breast surgery/ European Board of Surgery Qualification in Breast Surgery (EBSQinBS) administered by ESSO (1) Knowledge and understanding of the principles of breast cancer incidence, aetiology, risk factors, genetics, premalignant and high-risk lesions, pathology, prognostic and predictive factors, risk prediction models, screening, diagnosis and imaging, breast cancer, oncoplastic, reconstructive breast surgery, axillary surgery and future perspective for this, radiation therapy, neoadjuvant and adjuvant systemic treatment- endocrine-, immuno- and chemotherapy, side effects and toxicities of treatment, locoregional recurrence, follow-up, locally advanced breast cancer, metastatic breast cancer, breast cancer in young and elderly patients, survivor issues, lymphedema, palliative care, chroni pain, body image and sexuality, fertility issues, cognitive functions, etc...
July 2017: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841916/neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-versus-surgery-first-for-resectable-pancreatic-cancer-norwegian-pancreatic-cancer-trial-1-norpact-1-study-protocol-for-a-national-multicentre-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Knut Jørgen Labori, Kristoffer Lassen, Dag Hoem, Jon Erik Grønbech, Jon Arne Søreide, Kim Mortensen, Rune Smaaland, Halfdan Sorbye, Caroline Verbeke, Svein Dueland
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death. While surgical resection remains the foundation for potentially curative treatment, survival benefit is achieved with adjuvant oncological treatment. Thus, completion of multimodality treatment (surgical resection and (neo)adjuvant chemotherapy) to all patients and early treatment of micrometastatic disease is the ideal goal. NorPACT-1 aims to test the hypothesis that overall mortality at one year after allocation of treatment can be reduced with neoadjuvant chemotherapy in surgically treated patients with resectable pancreatic cancer...
August 25, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823006/impact-of-gleason-score-on-biochemical-recurrence-in-patients-with-pt3an0-nx-prostate-cancer-with-positive-surgical-margins-a-multicenter-study-from-the-prostate-cancer-research-committee
#20
Wan Song, Dong Hyeon Lee, Hwang Gyun Jeon, Byong Chang Jeong, Seong Il Seo, Hyun Moo Lee, Han Yong Choi, Jong Wook Kim, SangChul Lee, Seok-Soo Byun, Chang Wook Jeong, Cheol Kwak, Jin Seon Cho, Hanjong Ahn, Seong Soo Jeon
PURPOSE: Oncologic outcomes of patients with pT3aN0/Nx prostate cancer (PCa) with positive surgical margins (PSM) after radical prostatectomy (RP) are heterogeneous. We investigated the impact of Gleason score (GS) on biochemical recurrence (BCR) in these patients. METHODS: A retrospective, multicenter study was performed on 795 patients with pT3aN0/Nx PCa with PSM after RP between January 2006 and December 2014. Clinicopathologic characteristics of patients were examined and onset of BCR was identified...
November 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
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