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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668141/-prevalence-and-risk-factors-associated-to-tuberculosis-and-non-tuberculous-mycobacterial-infections-in-hiv-positive-patients-in-bogot%C3%A3
#1
Magda Beltrán-León, Francy Pérez-Llanos, Liliana Sánchez, Carlos Parra-López, Myriam Navarrete, Ricardo Sánchez, Carlos Awad, Ana María Granada, Edgardo Quintero, Óscar Briceño, Óscar Cruz, Martha Isabel Murcia
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis is one of the most widely distributed infectious diseases worldwide. It is the most common cause of mortality among AIDS patients. In Colombia, 12,918 tuberculosis cases were notified, and 926 deaths were reported in 2015. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and risk factors associated to mycobacterial infections in HIVpositive patients in two public hospitals from Bogotá. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective and descriptive study was carried out by an active search for tuberculosis cases and non-tuberculous mycobacterial infections in HIV-positive patients...
March 15, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667644/emotional-distress-as-a-predictor-of-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-malaysian-nursing-professionals
#2
Nur Azma Amin, Kia Fatt Quek, Jennifer Anne Oxley, Rahim Noah, Rusli Nordin
BACKGROUND: Emotional distress is becoming a great concern and is more common in both developed and developing countries. It is associated with several disease conditions. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of self-perceived emotional distress and its relation to work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs) in nurses. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire survey was carried out on 660 female nurses working in public hospitals in the Klang Valley, Malaysia...
April 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667584/pharmacist-interventions-during-patient-rounds-in-two-intensive-care-units-clinical-and-financial-impact
#3
B E Bosma, P M L A van den Bemt, P H G J Melief, J van Bommel, S S Tan, N G M Hunfeld
INTRODUCTION: The risk of prescribing errors and related adverse drug events (ADE) on the intensive care unit (ICU) is high. Based on studies carried out in North America or the UK, a clinical pharmacy service can reduce ADEs and lower overall costs. This study looks into the clinical and financial impact of interventions made by pharmacists during patient rounds in two ICU settings in the Netherlands. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A quality improvement study was performed in a general teaching hospital (GTH) and a university hospital (UH) in the Netherlands...
April 2018: Netherlands Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667100/severe-infections-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-disease-pattern-and-predictors-of-infection-related-mortality
#4
C L Teh, S A Wan, G R Ling
Infection is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). To describe the pattern of serious infections in patients with SLE and to identify the predictors of infection-related mortality among SLE patients with serious infections, we prospectively studied all SLE patients who were hospitalized with infections in Sarawak General Hospital during 2011-2015. Demographic data, clinical features, and outcomes were collected. Cox regression analysis was carried out to determine the independent predictors of infection-related mortality...
April 18, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667041/perception-versus-reality-elucidating-motivation-and-expectations-of-current-fellowship-council-minimally-invasive-surgery-fellows
#5
Jeffrey R Watkins, Aurora D Pryor, Michael S Truitt, D Rohan Jeyarajah
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study is to determine minimally invasive trainee motivation and expectations for their respective fellowship. Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) is one of the largest non-ACGME post-residency training pathways though little is known concerning the process of residents choosing MIS as a fellowship focus. As general surgery evolves, it is important to understand resident motivation in order to better prepare them for a surgical career. METHODS: A survey invitation was sent to current trainees in the Minimally Invasive and related pathways through the Fellowship Council...
April 17, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666948/epidemiology-of-hip-fracture-in-belarus-development-of-a-country-specific-frax-model-and-its-comparison-to-neighboring-country-models
#6
H Ramanau, I Chernyanin, E Rudenka, O Lesnyak, A Zakroyeva, J P Bilezikian, H Johansson, N C Harvey, E V McCloskey, J A Kanis
Fracture probabilities resulting from the newly generated FRAX model for Belarus based on regional estimates of the hip fracture incidence were compared with FRAX models of neighboring countries. Differences between the country-specific FRAX patterns and the rank orders of fracture probabilities were modest. OBJECTIVE: This paper describes the epidemiology of hip fractures in Belarus that was used to develop the country-specific fracture prediction FRAX® tool and illustrates its features compared to models for the neighboring countries of Poland, Russia, and Lithuania...
April 17, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666933/-pain-relief-during-and-after-surgical-procedures-results-of-an-austria-wide-patient-survey-on-postoperative-pain-and-perioperative-pain-management
#7
W Jaksch, R Likar, U Frohner, F Herbst
BACKGROUND: Pain after surgery, especially on the first postoperative day, results in longer hospital stays, increased complication rates and may also cause a higher risk of pain chronification. However, the expected intensity of pain is often misjudged and therefore not adequately treated. METHODOLOGY: An Austria-wide patient survey on the pain situation on the first postoperative day and on the quality of perioperative pain management was carried out on a voluntary and anonymous basis...
April 17, 2018: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666925/-which-patients-benefit-from-transport-with-ongoing-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-retrospective-analysis-of-70-patients-with-refractory-preclinical-cardiac-arrest
#8
C Adler, C Paul, J Hinkelbein, G Michels, R Pfister, A Krings, A Lechleuthner, R Stangl
BACKGROUND: Mortality in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) remains very high despite advances in resuscitation algorithms. Most of these patients die at the scene and do not reach hospital. It is currently the subject of discussion whether transport to hospital with ongoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) improves survival and neurological outcome in patients with OHCA. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify predictors of survival and good neurological outcome in patients after OHCA who were transported to hospital with ongoing CPR...
April 17, 2018: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666797/development-and-implementation-of-a-perianesthetic-safety-checklist-in-a-veterinary-university-small-animal-teaching-hospital
#9
Gwennaëlle Menoud, Shannon Axiak Flammer, Claudia Spadavecchia, Mathieu Raillard
Introduction: The use of a surgical safety checklist is recommended by the World Health Organization and is associated with advantages: improved communication and reduced complications and mortality. Adapting checklists to the environment in which they are used improves their efficiency, but their implementation can be challenging. The aim of this study was to develop and implement a perianesthetic safety checklist for a small animal hospital. Materials and methods: A panel of eight anesthesia diplomates and seven residents and doctoral students were gathered...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666686/evaluation-of-a-clinical-pharmacist-intervention-on-clinical-and-drug-related-problems-among-coronary-heart-disease-inpatients-a-pre-experimental-prospective-study-at-a-general-hospital-in-indonesia
#10
Vina A Sagita, Anton Bahtiar, Retnosari Andrajati
Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the role of a clinical pharmacist intervention in decreasing subsequent clinical and drug-related problems (DRPs) among coronary heart disease (CHD) inpatients with at least one previous DRP. Methods: This pre-experimental study with a pre-post design was carried out from January to April 2017 among inpatients with at least one previous DRP at a general hospital in Tangerang District, Banten, Indonesia. Clinical and DRPs were documented prospectively by a clinical pharmacist, with DRPs classified using Version 6...
February 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665984/emergency-department-overcrowding-quality-improvement-in-a-taiwan-medical-center
#11
Chen-Mei Hsu, Li-Lin Liang, Yun-Te Chang, Wang-Chuan Juang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Overcrowding of hospital emergency departments (ED) is a worldwide health problem. The Taiwan Joint Commission on Hospital Accreditation has stressed the importance of finding solutions to overcrowding, including, reducing the number of patients with >48 h stay in the ED. Moreover, the Ministry of Health and Welfare aims at transferring non-critical patients to district or regional hospitals. We report the results of our Quality Improvement Project (QIP) on ED overcrowding, especially focusing on reducing length of stay (LOS) in ED...
April 14, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665913/-analysis-of-the-clinicopathological-characteristics-treatment-and-prognosis-of-unclassifiable-b-cell-lymphoma-intermediated-between-dlcbl-and-bl
#12
De-Liang Liu, Biao Wang, Yuan-Dong Zhu, Feng Yan
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinicopathological characteristics, treatment and prognosis of patients with unclassifiable B-cell lymphoma intermediated between DLCBL and BL. METHODS: A total of 16 patients with DLBCL/BL in our hospital were included in this study between July 2014 and June 2016. The clinical and pathological data of 16 patients were collected. Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate and compare overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS)...
April 2018: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665881/seeking-out-sari-an-automated-search-of-electronic-health-records
#13
John C O'Horo, Mikhail Dziadzko, Amra Sakusic, Rashid Ali, M Rizwan Sohail, Daryl J Kor, Ognjen Gajic
The definition of severe acute respiratory infection (SARI) - a respiratory illness with fever and cough, occurring within the past 10 days and requiring hospital admission - has not been evaluated for critically ill patients. Using integrated electronic health records data, we developed an automated search algorithm to identify SARI cases in a large cohort of critical care patients and evaluate patient outcomes. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all admissions to a medical intensive care unit from August 2009 through March 2016...
April 18, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665611/-suicides-of-psychiatric-inpatients-a-systematic-recording-in-switzerland-of-the-years-2000-to-2010
#14
Flavian Ruff, Alexander Hemmer, Christine Bartsch, Nadine Glasow, Thomas Reisch
OBJECTIVE: To analyze characteristics of suicide methods of psychiatric inpatients that were carried out within and outside of psychiatric hospitals in order to identify adequate suicide prevention measures. METHODS: Data of 436 inpatient suicides were included in the data base of all institutes of forensic medicine in Switzerland for the years 2000 - 2010. We compared details of suicide methods that were applied within and outside psychiatric hospitals. RESULTS: About two thirds of all suicides were carried out outside psychiatric hospitals...
April 17, 2018: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665609/-smoking-behaviour-among-patients-and-staff-of-a-psychiatric-hospital-two-independent-surveys-in-2007-and-2015
#15
Julia Grempler, Tilman Steinert, Petra Schmid
OBJECTIVE: In order to evaluate the prevalence and smoking behaviour in a psychiatric hospital two independent surveys in 2007 (t1) and 2015 (t2) were carried out before and after implementing strategies to protect non-smokers and to offer assistance to stop smoking. METHODS: In two cross-sectional surveys all in-patients and staff of the Centre for Psychiatry Ravensburg-Bodensee were interviewed by questionnaire. RESULTS: The prevalence of smoking among patients was very high at both time points with 59 % (t1) and 57 % (t2), respectively...
April 17, 2018: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664517/-radar-a-program-for-the-prevention-of-suicide-in-adolescents-in-the-region-of-aysen-chile-preliminary-results
#16
Francisco Bustamante, Cinthya Urquidi, Ramón Florenzano, Carolina Barrueto, Jaime de Los Hoyos, Karla Ampuero, Laura Terán, María Inés Figueroa, Magdalena Farías, María Livia Rueda, Eduardo Giacaman
OBJECTIVE: We present the preliminary results of the implementation of RADAR: a community suicide prevention program in adolescents implemented in two high schools in a south region of Chile. METHOD: In a pilot study, during 2016, we implemented RADAR in two high schools of Puerto Aysen, in in the Region of Aysen of Chile. A total of 409 actors were trained (among students, school teachers, caregivers and health professionals) for the screening and referral of high suicide risk adolescents...
February 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664504/contribution-of-the-use-of-basic-telemedicine-tools-to-the-care-of-children-and-adolescents-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-at-the-puerto-montt-hospital-chile
#17
A S Strickler, J Palma, R Charris, T Candia, M Grez, B González, A King, V Rivera
Children and adolescents with rheumatologic diseases require specialized and comprehensive care, but pediatric rheumatologists and immunologists are concentrated in hospitals with specific, high-cost and modern technology. Considering that some patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) live in rural, remote and limited accessibility areas, the use of Telemedicine (TM) can optimize diag nosis, follow-up and prognosis. OBJECTIVE: Reporting 10 years of experience of a mixed care model: face-to-face and distance, using basic TM; the institutional impact, advantages, disadvantages and acceptance informed by parents and patients...
February 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664456/quality-of-life-assessment-among-multiple-sclerosis-patients-in-saudi-arabia
#18
Adel A Alhazzani, Mohammed S Alqahtani, Mohammed S Alahmari, Muhannad A Asiri, Noof M Alamri, Leen A Sarhan, Shahad S Alkhashrami, Abdullmgeed A Asiri
OBJECTIVE: To determine the quality of life (QoL) among multiple sclerosis (MS) patients in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out to assess the QoL of MS patients during the period from November 2016 to May 2017. Patients were recruited from tertiary hospitals in 5 regions in the kingdom. Clinical and demographic data were collected and information on patients` health status using the self-report SF-36 questionnaire to assess QoL...
April 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664210/differential-clinical-presentation-of-adamantiades-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-in-non-endemic-and-endemic-areas-retrospective-data-from-a-middle-european-cohort-study
#19
Thomas Moosmann, Cécilia Veraar, Jürgen Brunner, Gustav Fraedrich, Andreas Frech, Wolfgang Horninger, Gudrun Ratzinger, Werner Streif, Barbara Teuchner, Johann Willeit, Manuela Zlamy, Tobias De Zordo, Michael Schirmer
OBJECTIVES: To assess demographical and clinical data in a Middle-European cohort of patients with Adamantiades-Behçet's disease (ABD), together with the use of medication in adherence to international guidelines. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study, in- and outpatients of an Austrian secondary and tertiary university hospital center were analyzed independent from the medical discipline involved. After ethics approval, screening for ABD-patients in the clinical information system resulted in 1821 documents from 1997 to 2016...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664055/identification-of-potential-biomarkers-for-urine-metabolomics-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-based-on-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry
#20
Ying Zou, Fu-Fan Zhu, Chao-Ying Fang, Xi-Yue Xiong, Hong-Yun Li
Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex endocrine and metabolic disorder, and it's diagnosis is difficult. The aim of this study was to investigate the metabolic profiles of PCOS patients by analyzing urine samples and identify useful biomarkers for diagnosis of PCOS. Methods: This study was carried out in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Hunan Province from December 2014 to July 2016. In this study, the urine samples of 21 women with PCOS and 16 healthy controls were assessed through gas chromatography-mass spectrometry to investigate the urine metabolite characteristics of PCOS and identify useful biomarkers for the diagnosis of this disorder...
April 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
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