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Prescription writing, abbreviation

Jayanthi Mathaiyan, Tanvi Jain, Biswajit Dubashi, K Satyanarayana Reddy, Gitanjali Batmanabane
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the frequency and type of prescription errors in patients receiving cancer chemotherapy. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional study at the day care unit of the Regional Cancer Centre (RCC) of a tertiary care hospital in South India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All prescriptions written during July to September 2013 for patients attending the out-patient department of the RCC to be treated at the day care center were included in this study...
April 2015: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
A A Ajemigbitse, M K Omole, W O Erhun
BACKGROUND: Accurate medication prescribing is an important process in ensuring the best possible outcomes in patient care. Worldwide literature is replete with studies reporting high prevalence of prescribing error which are the most common type of avoidable medication errors and hence are an important target for improvement. OBJECTIVES: This study assessed types and prevalence of prescribing errors, their clinical significance, when in the prescribing process they occurred and the medications commonly associated with prescribing errors...
December 2013: African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
(no author information available yet)
Insulin is vital for patients with type 1 diabetes and useful for certain patients with type 2 diabetes. The serious consequences of insulin-related medication errors are overdose, resulting in severe hypoglycaemia, causing seizures, coma and even death; or underdose, resulting in hyperglycaemia and sometimes ketoacidosis. Errors associated with the preparation and administration of insulin are often reported, both outside and inside the hospital setting. These errors are preventable. By analysing reports from organisations devoted to medication error prevention and from poison control centres, as well as a few studies and detailed case reports of medication errors, various types of error associated with insulin use have been identified, especially in the hospital setting...
January 2014: Prescrire International
Colette B Raymond, Barbara Sproll, Jan Coates, Donna M M Woloschuk
BACKGROUND: The Winnipeg Regional Health Authority (WRHA) implemented a medication order writing standards (MOWS) policy (including banned abbreviations) to improve patient safety. Widespread educational campaigns and direct prescriber feedback were implemented. METHODS: We audited orders within the WRHA from 2005 to 2009 and surveyed all WRHA staff in 2011 about the policy and suggestions for improving education and compliance. RESULTS: Overall, orders containing banned abbreviations, acronyms or symbols numbered 2261/8565 (26...
September 2013: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
Fahad A Al-Hussein
OBJECTIVE: To use statistical control charts in a series of audits to improve the acceptance and consistant use of guidelines, and reduce the variations in prescription processing in primary health care. METHODS: A series of audits were done at the main satellite of King Saud Housing Family and Community Medicine Center, National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, where three general practitioners and six pharmacists provide outpatient care to about 3000 residents. Audits were carried out every fortnight to calculate the proportion of prescriptions that did not conform to the given guidelines of prescribing and dispensing...
January 2009: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
Fernanda Raphael Escobar Gimenes, Tatiane Cristina Marques, Thalyta Cardoso Alux Teixeira, Maria Lurdemiler Sabóia Mota, Ana Elisa Bauer de Camargo Silva, Silvia Helena de Bortoli Cassiani
This study analyzes the influence of medical prescriptions' writing on the occurrence of medication errors in the medical wards of five Brazilian hospitals. This descriptive study used data obtained from a multicenter study conducted in 2005. The population was composed of 1,425 medication errors and the sample included 92 routes through which medication was wrongly administered. The pharmacological classes most frequently involved in errors were cardiovascular agents (31.5%), medication that acts on the nervous system (23...
January 2011: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Mukhtar Ansari, D Neupane
BACKGROUND: Prescription writing is one of the most important and basic skills that a doctor needs. Prescribing errors may have various detrimental consequences. Hence, the components of a prescription should be clearly written, free of drug related omission (incomplete prescription), commission (incorrect information) and integration errors, without nonofficial abbreviations, and fulfil the legal requirements of a prescription. Since errors of prescribing are the commonest form of avoidable medication errors, it is the most important target for improvement...
July 2009: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
Susan J Semple, Elizabeth E Roughead
BACKGROUND: This paper presents Part 2 of a literature review examining medication safety in the Australian acute care setting. This review was undertaken for the Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care, updating the 2002 national report on medication safety. Part 2 of the review examined the Australian evidence base for approaches to build safer medication systems in acute care. METHODS: A literature search was conducted to identify Australian studies and programs published from 2002 to 2008 which examined strategies and activities for improving medication safety in acute care...
2009: Australia and New Zealand Health Policy
Mário Borges Rosa, Edson Perini, Tânia Azevedo Anacleto, Hessem Miranda Neiva, Tânia Bogutchi
OBJECTIVE: Medication errors are currently a worldwide public health issue and it is one of the most serious prescription errors. The objective of the study was to evaluate the practice of prescribing high-alert medications and its association with the prevalence of medication errors in hospital settings. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted including 4,026 prescription order forms of high-alert medications. There were evaluated all prescriptions received at the pharmacy of a reference hospital in the state of Minas Gerais, southeastern Brazil, over a 30-day period in 2001...
June 2009: Revista de Saúde Pública
Christine Koczmara, Valentina Jelincic, Dan Perri
Communication is commonly cited as a contributing factor to adverse events causing patient harm (Baker et al., 2004). There are numerous ways and reasons that communication failures can occur, such as poor handwriting, transcription errors, lack of verification, lack of integration of information, and ineffective team functioning. Errors that can occur in critical care with the verbal communication and receipt of a telephone order will be highlighted. These examples, together with proposed strategies for improving telephone order safety, are intended to promote awareness and potential practice changes in the critical care environment...
2006: Dynamics: the Official Journal of the Canadian Association of Critical Care Nurses
(no author information available yet)
Medication use errors are the largest single source of preventable adverse events. To minimize the risk of medication use errors, obstetrician-gynecologists should focus on several elements of medication order writing, such as the appropriate use of decimals and zeros, standard abbreviations, and assuring legibility. Additionally, it is important to assist the patient in understanding the medical condition for which a medication is prescribed. Focusing on elements that may prevent prescription errors and helping patients understand how to use prescribed medication properly may help lower the occurrence of medication use errors...
April 2006: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Kate G Burbrink
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2005: West Virginia Medical Journal
Jeffrey K Aronson
If drug names are similar, errors can occur. Problems arise when different drugs have similar names (whether proprietary or non-proprietary), when formulations with the same brand name contain different drugs, when the same drug is marketed in formulations with different names, and when drug names are abbreviated. The risk of errors could be reduced by some simple precautions at different stages of drug development, prescribing, supply, and administration. Regulatory authorities and manufacturers should maintain their vigilance when naming new drugs and formulations, and should be prepared to change names if errors occur...
May 2004: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
David M Benjamin
Today, reducing medication errors and improving patient safety have become common topics of discussion for the president of the United States, federal and state legislators, the insurance industry, pharmaceutical companies, health care professionals, and patients. But this is not news to clinical pharmacologists. Improving the judicious use of medications and minimizing adverse drug reactions have always been key areas of research and study for those working in clinical pharmacology. However, added to the older terms of adverse drug reactions and rational therapeutics, the now politically correct expression of medication error has emerged...
July 2003: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Julia Hippisley-Cox, Mike Pringle, Ruth Cater, Alison Wynn, Vicky Hammersley, Carol Coupland, Rhydian Hapgood, Peter Horsfield, Sheila Teasdale, Christine Johnson
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether paperless medical records contained less information than paper based medical records and whether that information was harder to retrieve. DESIGN: Cross sectional study with review of medical records and interviews with general practitioners. SETTING: 25 general practices in Trent region. PARTICIPANTS: 53 British general practitioners (25 using paperless records and 28 using paper based records) who each provided records of 10 consultations...
June 28, 2003: BMJ: British Medical Journal
K Ohashi
The symbol variously written Rp. Rx. or R. is still employed by physicians to head their prescriptions. In our country, we have learned and believe that the origin of the symbol is an abbreviation of the Latin word for "recipe." In Europe, another suggestion of the origin of the symbol appears to represent the astronomical sign of the planet Jupiter. There is, however, no evidence to support this suggestion. As regards the Jupiter symbol it is probably that printer may have used the sign as the nearest approach he had in type to the abbreviated sign for recipe...
1995: Yakushigaku Zasshi. the Journal of Japanese History of Pharmacy
M J Liddell, S P Goldman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the rate of use and acceptance of a new prescription form designed to provide more information to pharmacists and patients. DESIGN: Prospective descriptive study. SETTING: A semi-rural community outside Melbourne, Victoria, in November 1994. PARTICIPANTS: GPs and pharmacists working three or more sessions per week in the locality, and 21 consumers who formed two consumer focus groups. INTERVENTION: An education session for GPs and pharmacists, followed by a one-month trial of new prescription forms which included notations to facilitate interprofessional communication...
April 6, 1998: Medical Journal of Australia
M M Bailey
OBJECTIVE: To review some of the problems associated with the prescription, supply and administration of drugs in a multicultural environment. METHOD: Staff questionnaire. RESULTS: Most respondents indicated the information received from the pharmacy was satisfactory, that they had read a recent therapeutic bulletin and that they could describe prescription handwriting as 'clear and reasonable'. There was general difficulty in understanding the meaning of Latin abbreviations and a demonstrated failure to absorb recently circulated information...
1990: Australian Clinical Review
R F Burke, F G Fahy, G A Widolf
Two separate surveys of prescriptions and prescription habits have been performed. In a survey in one pharmacy in Tamworth, 16 out of 750 prescriptions had to be returned to the doctor for correction. The most common problem was illegible handwriting. Another survey to determine the competence of script writing amongst 12 interns at Tamworth Base Hospital revealed a certain lack in their basic training.
September 18, 1976: Medical Journal of Australia
F L Snipes
For centuries tedious, often confusing Latin abbreviations have been used in writing prescriptions. A simple four-digit (zip) code is proposed as a new method of writing directions for most drug regimens.
January 1978: Postgraduate Medicine
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