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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151175/demographic-clinical-lifestyle-related-and-social-cognitive-correlates-of-physical-activity-in-head-and-neck-cancer-survivors
#1
Laurien M Buffart, Remco de Bree, Martine Altena, Sophie van der Werff, Constance H C Drossaert, Caroline M Speksnijder, Michiel W van den Brekel, Harriët Jager-Wittenaar, Neil K Aaronson, Martijn M Stuiver
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to identify demographic, clinical, lifestyle-related, and social-cognitive correlates of physical activity (PA) intention and behavior in head and neck cancer (HNC) survivors using the theory of planned behavior (TPB). METHODS: Data from two cross-sectional studies on correlates of PA in HNC survivors were pooled. Both studies used self-reports to assess PA and social-cognitive correlates. Potential correlates were collected via self-report or medical records...
November 18, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151128/physical-activity-in-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis
#2
S I E Liem, J M T A Meessen, R Wolterbeek, N Ajmone Marsan, M K Ninaber, T P M Vliet Vlieland, J K de Vries-Bouwstra
OBJECTIVES: To compare self-reported levels of physical activity (PA) of systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients with the general population. To evaluate in SSc patients factors associated with PA levels and needs and preferences regarding PA. METHODS: Fifty nine SSc patients completed the Short QUestionnaire to ASsess Health-Enhancing PA. The proportion of patients meeting the Dutch Recommendation for PA (= moderate PA for 30 min on ≥ 5 days/week) and total minutes of PA per week were calculated and compared with similar data from the Dutch population...
November 18, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151050/physical-activity-in-former-elite-cricketers-and-strategies-for-promoting-physical-activity-after-retirement-from-cricket-a-qualitative-study
#3
Stephanie R Filbay, Felicity L Bishop, Nicholas Peirce, Mary E Jones, Nigel K Arden
OBJECTIVES: The health benefits of professional sport dissipate after retirement unless an active lifestyle is adopted, yet reasons for adopting an active or inactive lifestyle after retirement from sport are poorly understood. Elite cricket is all-encompassing, requiring a high volume of activity and unique physical demands. We aimed to identify influences on physical activity behaviours in active and insufficiently active former elite cricketers and provide practical strategies for promoting physical activity after cricket retirement...
November 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150678/dog-ownership-and-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-and-death-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#4
Mwenya Mubanga, Liisa Byberg, Christoph Nowak, Agneta Egenvall, Patrik K Magnusson, Erik Ingelsson, Tove Fall
Dogs may be beneficial in reducing cardiovascular risk in their owners by providing social support and motivation for physical activity. We aimed to investigate the association of dog ownership with incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) and death in a register-based prospective nation-wide cohort (n = 3,432,153) with up to 12 years of follow-up. Self-reported health and lifestyle habits were available for 34,202 participants in the Swedish Twin Register. Time-to-event analyses with time-updated covariates were used to calculate hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI)...
November 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150652/evidence-for-frozen-melts-in-the-mid-lithosphere-detected-from-active-source-seismic-data
#5
Akane Ohira, Shuichi Kodaira, Yasuyuki Nakamura, Gou Fujie, Ryuta Arai, Seiichi Miura
The interactions of the lithospheric plates that form the Earth's outer shell provide much of the evidentiary basis for modern plate tectonic theory. Seismic discontinuities in the lithosphere arising from mantle convection and plate motion provide constraints on the physical and chemical properties of the mantle that contribute to the processes of formation and evolution of tectonic plates. Seismological studies during the past two decades have detected seismic discontinuities within the oceanic lithosphere in addition to that at the lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary (LAB)...
November 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150382/changes-in-fall-risk-and-functional-status-in-women-aged-50-years-and-older-after-distal-radius-fracture-a-prospective-1-year-follow-up-study
#6
Katie Crockett, Jonathan P Farthing, Jenny Basran, Vanina Dal Bello-Haas, Geoffrey Johnston, Charlene R A Haver, Catherine M Arnold
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. INTRODUCTION: Few studies have evaluated the course of recovery after distal radius fracture (DRF) when functional decline and fracture risk may be affected. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this study was to determine changes in overall functional status over the first year after a DRF in women aged 50 years and older. METHODS: Seventy-eight women were assessed for balance, balance confidence, lower extremity strength, gait speed, fall history, physical activity levels, and self-reported wrist pain and function (Patient-Rated Wrist Evaluation) at weeks 1, 3, 9, 12, 26, and 52 after DRF...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150314/connecting-qualitative-research-on-exercise-and-environment-to-public-health-agendas-requires-an-equity-lens
#7
Stephanie E Coen
In this commentary, I respond to the special section in Health&Place (vol. 46) on "Exercise and environment: new qualitative work to link popular practice and public health" edited by Hitchings and Latham. I argue that if qualitative research is to effectively inform public health policy and practice it cannot ignore the fact that physical activity participation is inequitable. Without building in a critical equity lens, geographers risk perpetuating the "inequality paradox"-that is, the potential for population health interventions to inadvertently exacerbate health inequalities...
November 14, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150312/the-effect-of-a-physical-activity-intervention-on-preschoolers-fundamental-motor-skills-a-cluster-rct
#8
Niko S Wasenius, Kimberly P Grattan, Alysha L J Harvey, Patti-Jean Naylor, Gary S Goldfield, Kristi B Adamo
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of a physical activity intervention delivered in the childcare centres (CC), with or without a parent-driven home physical activity component, on children's fundamental motor skills (FMS). DESIGN: Six-month 3-arm cluster randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Preschoolers were recruited from 18 licensed CC. CC were randomly assigned to a typical curriculum comparison group (COM), childcare intervention alone (CC), or childcare intervention with parental component (CC+HOME)...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150223/do-factors-related-to-participation-in-physical-activity-change-following-restrictive-bariatric-surgery-a-qualitative-study
#9
Juliana Zabatiero, Anne Smith, Kylie Hill, Jeffrey M Hamdorf, Susan F Taylor, Martin S Hagger, Daniel F Gucciardi
AIMS: To explore participants' ability to participate in physical activity (PA), and barriers and facilitators to PA, at 12 months following restrictive bariatric surgery, and how these differed from participants' pre-surgery perceptions. Motivators for PA post-surgery were also explored. METHODS: Qualitative one-on-one in-depth interviews were conducted pre- and 12 months post-surgery. Data were analysed using inductive thematic analysis. RESULTS: Fourteen adults (12 females), with a mean (range) age of 41...
November 14, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150165/effects-of-programmed-exercise-on-depressive-symptoms-in-midlife-and-older-women-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
REVIEW
Faustino R Pérez-López, Samuel J Martínez-Domínguez, Héctor Lajusticia, Peter Chedraui
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to clarify the effect of programmed exercise on depressive symptoms (DSs) in midlife and older women. METHODS: We carried out a structured search of PubMed-Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, Embase, Cochrane Library and Scielo, from database inception through June 29, 2017, without language restriction. The search included the following terms: "depression", "depressive symptoms", "exercise", "physical activity", "menopause", and "randomized controlled trial" (RCTs) in midlife and older women...
December 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150143/life-after-endometrial-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-patient-reported-outcomes
#11
Robert Shisler, Jennifer A Sinnott, Vivian Wang, Courtney Hebert, Ritu Salani, Ashley S Felix
BACKGROUND: Women with endometrial cancer (EC) are the second largest population of female cancer survivors in the United States. However, the outcomes of EC survivors, from the patient perspective, are not well-understood. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review of patient-reported outcomes (PROs) following an EC diagnosis. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, CINAHL, and reference lists to identify published observational studies that examined PROs among women with EC...
November 14, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149912/trial-to-incentivise-adherence-for-diabetes-triad-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Marcel Bilger, Mitesh Shah, Ngiap Chuan Tan, Kaye Louise Howard, Hui Yan Xu, Ecosse Luc Lamoureux, Eric Andrew Finkelstein
BACKGROUND: Many people with diabetes have suboptimal glycaemic control due to not being adherent to their treatment regimen. Behavioural economic theory suggests that the lack of adherence results from the disconnect between the timing of when costs and benefits accrue. One strategy to address this discontinuity is to offer patients a near-term benefit, such as a financial reward. Whereas there is evidence that rewards can improve treatment adherence and sometimes health outcomes, further research is needed to determine whether rewards are more effective when targeting processes or intermediary health outcomes...
November 17, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149901/development-and-exploration-of-the-content-validity-of-a-patient-reported-outcome-measure-to-evaluate-the-impact-of-migraine-the-migraine-physical-function-impact-diary-mpfid
#13
Asha Hareendran, Sally Mannix, Anne Skalicky, Martha Bayliss, Andrew Blumenfeld, Dawn C Buse, Pooja R Desai, Brian G Ortmeier, Sandhya Sapra
BACKGROUND: Adults with migraine experience substantial reductions in quality of life during and in-between migraine attacks. Clinical and regulatory guidelines encourage the inclusion of patient reported outcomes for the evaluation of benefits of interventions for migraine. METHODS: The conceptual framework and items for a new patient-reported outcome (PRO) instrument, the Migraine Physical Function Impact Diary (MPFID), were developed using scientific methods recommended to ensure content validity of PRO instruments...
November 17, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149890/physical-activity-and-calorie-intake-mediate-the-relationship-from-depression-to-body-fat-mass-among-female-mexican-health-workers
#14
Amado D Quezada, Nayeli Macías-Waldman, Jorge Salmerón, Tessa Swigart, Katia Gallegos-Carrillo
BACKGROUND: Depression is a foremost cause of morbidity throughout the world and the prevalence of depression in women is about twice as high as men. Additionally, overweight and obesity are major global health concerns. We explored the relationship between depression and body fat, and the role of physical activity and diet as mediators of this relationship in a sample of 456 adult female Mexican health workers. METHOD: Longitudinal and cross-sectional analyses using data from adult women of the Health Workers Cohort Study (HWCS) Measures of body fat mass (kg from DEXA), dietary intake (kcal from FFQ), leisure time activity (METs/wk) and depression (CES-D) were determined in two waves (2004-2006 and 2010-2011)...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149847/individuals-explanations-for-their-persistent-or-recurrent-low-back-pain-a-cross-sectional-survey
#15
Jenny Setchell, Nathalia Costa, Manuela Ferreira, Joanna Makovey, Mandy Nielsen, Paul W Hodges
BACKGROUND: Most people experience low back pain (LBP), and it is often ongoing or recurrent. Contemporary research knowledge indicates individual's pain beliefs have a strong effect on their pain experience and management. This study's primary aim was to determine the discourses (patterns of thinking) underlying people's beliefs about what causes their LBP to persist. The secondary aim was to investigate what they believed was the source of this thinking. METHODS: We used a primarily qualitative survey design: 130 participants answered questions about what caused their LBP to persist, and where they learned about these causes...
November 17, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149812/architectures-and-mechanical-properties-of-drugs-and-complexes-of-surface-active-compounds-at-air-water-and-oil-water-interfaces
#16
Dipak K Sarker
BACKGROUND: Drugs can represents a multitude of compounds from proteins and peptides, such as growth hormones and insulin and on to simple organic molecules such as flurbiprofen, ibuprofen and lidocaine. Given the chemical nature of these compounds two features are always present. A portion or portions of the molecule that has little affinity for apolar surfaces and media and the opposite a series of part or one large part that has considerable affinity for hydrophilic, polar or charged media and surfaces...
November 17, 2017: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149796/effectiveness-of-treatment-in-wards-for-patients-with-dementia-and-issues-associated-with-this-treatment-a-prospective-analysis
#17
Shogo Taniguchi, Teruyuki Matsuoka, Takeshi Hikawa, Atsushi Machihara, Keisuke Shibata, Hideki Miki, Hiroshi Shimizu, Jin Narumoto
In order to optimize the treatment in wards for patients with dementia, we investigated predictors of the length of stay in the ward for patients with dementia. A prospective analysis of 72 patients with dementia was conducted in two wards for patients with dementia. Severity of dementia was assessed by the Clinical Dementia Rating, basic activities of daily living were evaluated using the Physical Self-Maintenance Scale, and severity of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia and caregiver distress were determined with the Nursing Home version of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149617/decoding-early-and-late-cortical-contributions-to-individuation-of-attended-and-unattended-objects
#18
Claire K Naughtin, Jason B Mattingley, Angela D Bender, Paul E Dux
To isolate a visual stimulus as a unique object with a specific spatial location and time of occurrence, it is necessary to first register (individuate) the stimulus as a distinct perceptual entity. Recent investigations into the neural substrates of object individuation have suggested it is subserved by a distributed neural network, but previous manipulations of individuation load have introduced extraneous visual confounds, which might have yielded ambiguous findings, particularly in early cortical areas...
November 8, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149569/blue-thermally-activated-delayed-fluorescence-polymers-with-nonconjugated-backbone-and-through-space-charge-transfer-effect
#19
Shiyang Shao, Jun Hu, Xingdong Wang, Lixiang Wang, Xiabin Jing, Fosong Wang
We demonstrate a novel molecular design concept for thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) polymers based on a nonconjugated polyethylene backbone with through-space charge transfer effect between pendant electron donor (D) and electron acceptor (A) units. Different from conventional conjugated D-A polymers with through-bond charge transfer effect, the nonconjugated architecture avoids the direct conjugation between D and A units, enabling us to realize blue emission. Meanwhile, the spatial π-π interaction between the physically separated D and A units results in both small singlet-triplet energy splitting (0...
November 17, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149454/melatonin-alleviates-adipose-inflammation-through-elevating-%C3%AE-ketoglutarate-and-diverting-adipose-derived-exosomes-to-macrophages-in-mice
#20
Zhenjiang Liu, Lu Gan, Tiantian Zhang, Qian Ren, Chao Sun
Obesity is associated with macrophage infiltration and metabolic inflammation, both of which promote metabolic disease progression. Melatonin is reported to possess anti-inflammatory properties by inhibiting inflammatory response of adipocytes and macrophages activation. However, the effects of melatonin on the communication between adipocytes and macrophages during adipose inflammation remain elusive. Here, we demonstrated melatonin alleviated inflammation and elevated α-ketoglutarate (αKG) level in adipose tissue of obese mice...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Pineal Research
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