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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164081/delayed-development-of-feeding-skills-in-children-with-feeding-difficulties-cross-sectional-study-in-a-brazilian-reference-center
#1
Cláudia C Ramos, Priscila Maximino, Rachel H V Machado, Ana Beatriz Bozzini, Letícia W Ribeiro, Mauro Fisberg
Background: Delays in gross motor development, sensory processing issues, and organic and behavioral problems are known to interfere in the development of feeding skills (FS); and-therefore-in the success of the process of feeding a child. Children with feeding difficulties (FD) commonly present inadequacy of FS. Objectives: Assessment of five FS in Brazilian children with FD, and search of associations with types of FD. Methods: Cross-sectional study with 70 children below 10 years old...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163089/the-bachd-rat-model-of-huntington-disease-shows-specific-deficits-in-a-test-battery-of-motor-function
#2
Giuseppe Manfré, Erik K H Clemensson, Elisavet I Kyriakou, Laura E Clemensson, Johanneke E van der Harst, Judith R Homberg, Huu Phuc Nguyen
Rationale: Huntington disease (HD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by motor, cognitive and neuropsychiatric symptoms. HD is usually diagnosed by the appearance of motor deficits, resulting in skilled hand use disruption, gait abnormality, muscle wasting and choreatic movements. The BACHD transgenic rat model for HD represents a well-established transgenic rodent model of HD, offering the prospect of an in-depth characterization of the motor phenotype. Objective: The present study aims to characterize different aspects of motor function in BACHD rats, combining classical paradigms with novel high-throughput behavioral phenotyping...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150312/the-effect-of-a-physical-activity-intervention-on-preschoolers-fundamental-motor-skills-a-cluster-rct
#3
Niko S Wasenius, Kimberly P Grattan, Alysha L J Harvey, Patti-Jean Naylor, Gary S Goldfield, Kristi B Adamo
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of a physical activity intervention delivered in the childcare centres (CC), with or without a parent-driven home physical activity component, on children's fundamental motor skills (FMS). DESIGN: Six-month 3-arm cluster randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Preschoolers were recruited from 18 licensed CC. CC were randomly assigned to a typical curriculum comparison group (COM), childcare intervention alone (CC), or childcare intervention with parental component (CC+HOME)...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148568/intrathecal-baclofen-in-dyskinetic-cerebral-palsy-effects-on-function-and-activity
#4
Meta N Eek, Kristina Olsson, Karin Lindh, Berit Askljung, Magnus Påhlman, Olle Corneliusson, Kate Himmelmann
AIM: To investigate the effect of intrathecal baclofen (ITB) on function and activity in dyskinetic cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD: A retrospective cohort study of records from 25 children (15 males, 10 females; mean age 10y 11mo, SD 4y 9mo). Five were classified in Gross Motor Function Classification level IV and 20 in level V. Parents were interviewed about activities in daily life, sitting, communication, pain, sleep, and gross and fine motor function. Differences before and 1 year after ITB were graded as positive, no change, or negative...
November 17, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121516/comparing-motor-performance-praxis-coordination-and-interpersonal-synchrony-between-children-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd
#5
Maninderjit Kaur, Sudha M Srinivasan, Anjana N Bhat
Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) have basic motor impairments in balance, gait, and coordination as well as autism-specific impairments in praxis/motor planning and interpersonal synchrony. Majority of the current literature focuses on isolated motor behaviors or domains. Additionally, the relationship between cognition, symptom severity, and motor performance in ASD is unclear. We used a comprehensive set of measures to compare gross and fine motor, praxis/imitation, motor coordination, and interpersonal synchrony skills across three groups of children between 5 and 12 years of age: children with ASD with high IQ (HASD), children with ASD with low IQ (LASD), and typically developing (TD) children...
November 6, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082607/inner-ear-manifestations-in-charge-abnormalities-treatments-animal-models-and-progress-toward-treatments-in-auditory-and-vestibular-structures
#6
REVIEW
Daniel I Choo, Kareem O Tawfik, Donna M Martin, Yehoash Raphael
The inner ear contains the sensory organs for hearing and balance. Both hearing and balance are commonly affected in individuals with CHARGE syndrome (CS), an autosomal dominant condition caused by heterozygous pathogenic variants in the CHD7 gene. Semicircular canal dysplasia or aplasia is the single most prevalent feature in individuals with CHARGE leading to deficient gross motor skills and ambulation. Identification of CHD7 as the major gene affected in CHARGE has enabled acceleration of research in this field...
October 30, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065156/motor-skill-delays-in-pre-school-children-with-leukemia-one-year-after-treatment-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-therapy-as-an-important-risk-factor
#7
Livia Taverna, Marta Tremolada, Sabrina Bonichini, Barbara Tosetto, Giuseppe Basso, Chiara Messina, Marta Pillon
CNS-directed therapies for the treatment of leukemia can adversely affect the acquisition of new skills, such as reading/writing and math. Two years after the end of treatments, children show gross and fine motor skill delays that may persist even when patients are considered healed. The goal of the present study was to assess motor skills difficulties in pre-school children with leukemia one year after treatment. Particular attention has been paid to those patients who had undergone Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT) and to the relationship between motor delays and age bands...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048256/skiping-with-head-start-teachers-influence-of-t-skip-on-object-control-skills
#8
Ali Brian, Jacqueline D Goodway, Jessica A Logan, Sue Sutherland
PURPOSE: Children from disadvantaged settings are at risk for delays in their object-control (OC) skills. Fundamental motor skill interventions, such as the Successful Kinesthetic Instruction for Preschoolers (SKIP) Program, are highly successful when led by motor development experts. However, few preschools employ such experts. This study examined the extent to which Head Start teachers delivering an 8-week teacher-led SKIP (T-SKIP) intervention elicited learning of OC skills for Head Start children...
October 19, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045324/a-ball-skills-intervention-in-preschoolers-the-champ-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Leah E Robinson, Sanne L C Veldman, Kara K Palmer, Anthony D Okely
PURPOSE: Fundamental motor skills (FMS) contribute to positive health trajectories. A high level of competence in ball skills (a subset of FMS) is a predictor for time spent in moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity during adolescence. This study examined the effects of a ball skills intervention on ball skill competence among preschool-aged boys and girls. METHODS: This is a two-armed randomized controlled trial. A total of 124 preschoolers (Mage ± SD = 48...
November 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035576/inter-and-intrarater-reliabilities-of-the-test-of-gross-motor-development-third-edition-among-experienced-tgmd-2-raters
#10
Hyokju Maeng, E Kipling Webster, E Andrew Pitchford, Dale A Ulrich
The purpose of this study was to examine the inter- and intrarater reliabilities of the Test of Gross Motor Development-third edition (TGMD-3). The TGMD-3 was administered to 10 typically developing children. Five raters with experience using the Test of Gross Motor Development-second edition (TGMD-2) scored the digitally recorded performances and then rescored the same performances after a period of 2 weeks. Intraclass correlation (ICC) was used to examine both inter- and intrarater reliabilities of scores...
October 1, 2017: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028557/understanding-the-association-between-stunting-and-child-development-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-next-steps-for-research-and-intervention
#11
REVIEW
Jessica M Perkins, Rockli Kim, Aditi Krishna, Mark McGovern, Victor M Aguayo, S V Subramanian
Stunting, caused by experiences of chronic nutritional deprivation, affects approximately 25% of children under age five globally (i.e., 156 million children). In this review, evidence of a relationship between stunting and child development in low- and middle-income countries is summarized, and issues for further research are discussed. We focus on studies that measured low height-for-age among children less than 5 years old as the exposure and gross/fine motor skills, psychosocial competencies, cognitive abilities, or schooling and learning milestones as the outcomes...
November 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023517/developmental-delay-in-the-amazon-the-social-determinants-and-prevalence-among-rural-communities-in-peru
#12
Christopher Westgard, Yossef Alnasser
The consequences of poor child development are becoming increasingly recognized. Programs are being put in place around the world to improve child development by providing healthy and stimulating environments for children. However, these programs often have limited reach and little is known about the prevalence of developmental delay in under-developed communities. The current study set-out to better understand the prevalence of developmental delay in rural communities in the Amazon region of Peru. Also, it explores social determinants that are associated with any delay...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020061/catching-up-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-compared-to-healthy-children-before-and-after-sensorimotor-therapy
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Mats Niklasson, Torsten Norlander, Irene Niklasson, Peder Rasmussen
The aims of the present study were to (a) compare healthy children in terms of sensorimotor maturity to untreated children diagnosed with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and (b) compare healthy children to diagnosed children following completed treatment with sensorimotor therapy. Participants were 298 children, 196 boys and 102 girls, distributed into a Norm group of healthy children (n = 99) and a group of children diagnosed with DCD (n = 199) with a total mean age of 8.77 years (SD = 2.88). Participants in both groups were assessed on instruments aimed to detect sensorimotor deviations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954441/developmental-assessments-during-injury-research-is-enrollment-of-very-young-children-in-cr%C3%A3-ches-associated-with-better-scores
#14
Divya Nair, Olakunle Alonge, Jena Derakhshani Hamadani, Shumona Sharmin Salam, Irteja Islam, Adnan A Hyder
The Developmental Study is part of a larger intervention on "saving of lives from drowning (SoLiD)" where children were enrolled either into crèches (daycare centers) or playpens to prevent drowning in rural Bangladesh. Sampling ~1000 children between the ages of 9-17 months, we compared problem-solving, communication, motor and personal-social outcomes assessed by the Ages and Stages Questionnaire in the two interventions. After controlling for variables such as home stimulation in multivariate regressions, children in crèches performed about a quarter of a standard deviation better in total scores (p < 0...
September 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942767/measuring-the-effect-of-soil-transmitted-helminth-infections-on-cognitive-function-in-children-systematic-review-and-critical-appraisal-of-evidence
#15
Kei Owada, Mark Nielsen, Colleen L Lau, Archie C A Clements, Laith Yakob, Ricardo J Soares Magalhães
Recently the role of soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections in children's cognitive developmental impairment has been under scrutiny. We conducted a systematic review of the evidence for associations between STH infections and cognitive function of children using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses protocol. We aimed to identify the domains of cognitive function in three age strata (<24months, 24-59months and ≥60months) and critically appraise the general design protocol of the studies, with a focus on the cognitive function measurement tools used...
2017: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921722/interactive-effects-of-music-tempi-and-intensities-on-grip-strength-and-subjective-affect
#16
Costas I Karageorghis, Peter Cheek, Stuart D Simpson, Marcelo Bigliassi
Pretask music is widely used by athletes albeit there is scant empirical evidence to support its use. The present study extended a line of work into pretask music by examining the interactive effects of music tempo and intensity (volume) on the performance of a simple motor skill and subjective affect. A 2 × 2 within-subjects factorial design was employed with an additional no-music control, the scores from which were used as a covariate. A sample of 52 male athletes (age = 26.1 ± 4.8 years) was exposed to five conditions: fast/loud (126 bpm/80 dBA), fast/quiet (126 bpm/70 dBA), slow/loud (87 bpm/80 dBA), slow/quiet (87 bpm/70 dBA) music, and a no-music control...
September 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917084/evaluation-of-neurodevelopment-of-children-with-congenital-hypothyroidism-by-the-denver-developmental-screening-test
#17
Ayşe Derya Buluş, Esra Tiftik
BACKGROUND: Thyroid hormones are essential for growth and brain development in childhood. Although congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is the most common reason for mental retardation, normal neurological development can be achieved through early and effective treatment. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the neurological development of CH patients aged 24-56 months. METHODS: The study included a total of 116 healthy control subjects and 112 patients aged 24-56 months who were diagnosed with CH during the neonatal period and were being followed up at the Pediatric Endocrinology Department, Keçiören Training and Research Hospital, between 2012 and 2015...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902393/fine-motor-control-underlies-the-association-between-response-inhibition-and-drawing-skill-in-early-development
#18
Andrew Simpson, Reshaa Al Ruwaili, Richard Jolley, Hayley Leonard, Nicolas Geeraert, Kevin J Riggs
Previous research shows that the development of response inhibition and drawing skill are linked. The current research investigated whether this association reflects a more fundamental link between response inhibition and motor control. In Experiment 1, 3- and 4-year-olds (n = 100) were tested on measures of inhibition, fine motor control, and drawing skill. Data revealed an association between inhibition and fine motor control, which was responsible for most of the association observed with drawing skill...
September 13, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873887/motorsense-using-motion-tracking-technology-to-support-the-identification-and-treatment-of-gross-motor-dysfunction
#19
Inmaculada Arnedillo-Sánchez, Bryan Boyle, Benoît Bossavit
MotorSense is a motion detection and tracking technology that can be implemented across a range of environments to assist in detecting delays in gross-motor skills development. The system utilises the motion tracking functionality of Microsoft's Kinect™. It features games that require children to perform graded gross-motor tasks matched with their chronological and developmental ages. This paper describes the rationale for MotorSense, provides an overview of the functionality of the system and illustrates sample activities...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871568/a-mini-overview-of-single-muscle-fibre-mechanics-the-effects-of-age-inactivity-and-exercise-in-animals-and-humans
#20
Hyunseok Jee, Jong-Hee Kim
Many basic movements of living organisms are dependent on muscle function. Muscle function allows for the coordination and harmonious integrity of movement that is necessary for various biological processes. Gross and fine motor skills are both regulated at the micro-level (single muscle fibre level), controlled by neuronal regulation, and it is therefore important to understand muscle function at both micro- and macro-levels to understand the overall movement of living organisms. Single muscle mechanics and the cellular environment of muscles fundamentally allow for the harmonious movement of our bodies...
September 5, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
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