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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792504/measurement-invariance-of-tgmd-3-in-children-with-and-without-mental-and-behavioral-disorders
#1
Daniele Magistro, Giovanni Piumatti, Fabio Carlevaro, Lauren B Sherar, Dale W Esliger, Giulia Bardaglio, Francesca Magno, Massimiliano Zecca, Giovanni Musella
This study evaluated whether the Test of Gross Motor Development 3 (TGMD-3) is a reliable tool to compare children with and without mental and behavioral disorders across gross motor skill domains. A total of 1,075 children (aged 3-11 years), 98 with mental and behavioral disorders and 977 without (typically developing), were included in the analyses. The TGMD-3 evaluates fundamental gross motor skills of children across two domains: locomotor skills and ball skills. Two independent testers simultaneously observed children's performances (agreement over 95%)...
May 24, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789263/gross-motor-skills-in-toddlers-prevalence-and-socio-demographic-differences
#2
Sanne L C Veldman, Rachel A Jones, Rute Santos, Eduarda Sousa-Sá, Anthony D Okely
OBJECTIVES: Gross motor skills (GMS) are a vital component of a child's development. Monitoring levels and correlates of GMS is important to ensure appropriate strategies are put in place to promote these skills in young children. The aim of this study was to describe the current level of GMS development of children aged 11-29months and how these levels differ by age, sex, BMI and socio-economic status. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study involved children from 30 childcare services in NSW, Australia...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767802/sitting-together-and-reaching-to-play-start-play-protocol-for-a-multisite-randomized-controlled-efficacy-trial-on-intervention-for-infants-with-neuromotor-disorders
#3
Regina T Harbourne, Stacey C Dusing, Michele A Lobo, Sarah Westcott-McCoy, James Bovaird, Susan Sheridan, James C Galloway, Hui-Ju Chang, Lin-Ya Hsu, Natalie Koziol, Emily C Marcinowski, Iryna Babik
Background: There is limited research examining the efficacy of early physical therapy on infants with neuromotor dysfunction. In addition, most early motor interventions have not been directly linked to learning, despite the clear association between motor activity and cognition during infancy. Objective: The aim of this project is to evaluate the efficacy of Sitting Together And Reaching To Play (START-Play), an intervention designed to target sitting, reaching, and motor-based problem solving to advance global development in infants with motor delays or neuromotor dysfunction...
June 1, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765187/gross-motor-skill-development-of-kindergarten-children-in-japan
#4
Thanda Aye, Tsugumi Kuramoto-Ahuja, Tamae Sato, Kaori Sadakiyo, Miyoko Watanabe, Hitoshi Maruyama
[Purpose] The purposes of this study were to assess and explore the gender-based differences in gross motor skill development of 5-year-old Japanese children. [Subjects and Methods] This cross-sectional study recruited 60 healthy 5-year-old (third-year kindergarten, i.e., nencho ) children (34 boys, 26 girls) from one local private kindergarten school in Otawara city, Tochigi Prefecture, Japan. Gross motor skills, including six locomotor and six object control skills, were assessed using the test of gross motor development, second edition (TGMD-2)...
May 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753346/clinical-outcome-assessments-use-of-normative-data-in-a-pediatric-rare-disease
#5
Dawn Phillips, Beth Leiro
Pediatric rare diseases present unique challenges in clinical trial design and in selection of clinical outcome assessments (COAs) used to support claims in medical product labeling. COAs that discriminate level of function relative to a normative sample are particularly important in the pediatric rare disease setting because the literature is often void of natural history data. Pediatric rare disease clinical trials will often include a wide age distribution. Gross and fine motor skills, communication, cognition, and independence in activities of daily living vary by age, and it may be difficult to distinguish between treatment effect and change due to developmental maturation...
May 2018: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727358/relationships-between-gross-motor-skills-and-social-function-in-young-boys-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#6
Jamie M Holloway, Toby M Long, Fred Biasini
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between gross motor skills and social function in young boys with autism spectrum disorder. METHODS: Twenty-one children with autism spectrum disorder participated in the study. The Peabody Developmental Motor Scales Second Edition and the Miller Function and Participation Scales were used to assess gross motor skills. The Social Skills Improvement System Rating Scales was used to assess social function...
May 2, 2018: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720936/the-effects-of-tai-chi-intervention-on-healthy-elderly-by-means-of-neuroimaging-and-eeg-a-systematic-review
#7
Zhujun Pan, Xiwen Su, Qun Fang, Lijuan Hou, Younghan Lee, Chih C Chen, John Lamberth, Mi-Lyang Kim
Aging is a process associated with a decline in cognitive and motor functions, which can be attributed to neurological changes in the brain. Tai Chi, a multimodal mind-body exercise, can be practiced by people across all ages. Previous research identified effects of Tai Chi practice on delaying cognitive and motor degeneration. Benefits in behavioral performance included improved fine and gross motor skills, postural control, muscle strength, and so forth. Neural plasticity remained in the aging brain implies that Tai Chi-associated benefits may not be limited to the behavioral level...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705521/vertical-stiffness-and-balance-control-of-two-legged-hopping-in-place-in-children-with-and-without-down-syndrome
#8
Matthew Beerse, Jianhua Wu
BACKGROUND: Children with Down syndrome (DS) are known for their reduced balance control, and typically take longer to develop motor skills and display less coordinated movement patterns. Hopping in-place is a gross motor skill requiring whole-body vertical stiffness and horizontal movement control, particularly when attempting to modify hopping frequency. However, there is a lack of knowledge of the hopping capacity of children with DS. RESEARCH QUESTION: The purpose of this study was to assess the ability of children with DS aged 5-11 years old to continuously hop in-place on two legs and compare their biomechanical patterns to those of typically developing (TD) children...
April 22, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702472/fundamental-motor-skills-nutritional-status-perceived-competence-and-school-performance-of-brazilian-children-in-social-vulnerability-gender-comparison
#9
Glauber Carvalho Nobre, Nadia Cristina Valentini, Francisco Salviano Sales Nobre
Being at risk or in social vulnerability situations can affect important aspects of child development. The aim of this study was to investigate fundamental motor skills (locomotor and object control) and school (writing, arithmetic, reading) performances, the perceived competence and the nutritional status of girls and boys living in social vulnerability in the poorest regions of Brazil. Two hundred eleven (211) children (87 girls, 41%), 7-10-year-old (M = 8.3, SD = 0.9), from public schools in Ceará (Brazil), living in social vulnerability, participated in the study...
April 23, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686379/maternal-early-pregnancy-obesity-and-related-pregnancy-and-pre-pregnancy-disorders-associations-with-child-developmental-milestones-in-the-prospective-predo-study
#10
Polina Girchenko, Soile Tuovinen, Marius Lahti-Pulkkinen, Jari Lahti, Katri Savolainen, Kati Heinonen, Riikka Pyhälä, Rebecca M Reynolds, Esa Hämäläinen, Pia M Villa, Eero Kajantie, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Hannele Laivuori, Katri Räikkönen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have linked maternal pre-pregnancy obesity (BMI ≥30 kg/m2 ) with suboptimal neurodevelopment in her offspring; however, the literature is not entirely consistent. Whether these effects are muddled by maternal self-reports of pre-pregnancy weight and height, or are driven or amplified by the well often comorbid hypertensive and diabetic pregnancy and pre-pregnancy disorders, remains unclear. We examined whether maternal early pregnancy obesity is associated with developmental delay in her offspring, and if the associations are driven or amplified by diabetic and hypertensive pregnancy and pre-pregnancy disorders...
April 23, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667739/maternal-depressive-symptoms-during-and-after-pregnancy-and-child-developmental-milestones
#11
Soile Tuovinen, Marius Lahti-Pulkkinen, Polina Girchenko, Jari Lipsanen, Jari Lahti, Kati Heinonen, Rebecca M Reynolds, Esa Hämäläinen, Eero Kajantie, Hannele Laivuori, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Pia M Villa, Katri Räikkönen
BACKGROUND: Maternal depressive symptoms during and after pregnancy predict poorer child neurodevelopment. The effects of timing, symptom severity, and additive influences remain unclear. METHODS: A total of 2,231 mothers of the Prediction and Prevention of Pre-eclampsia and Intrauterine Growth Restriction (PREDO) study completed the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale biweekly up to 14 times during pregnancy and twice up to 12 months after pregnancy...
April 18, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652955/-neurodevelopmental-assessment-of-patients-with-congenital-hypothyroidism
#12
Alicia Núñez, Paula Bedregal, Carlos Becerra, Francisca Grob L
Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is the most common cause of preventable cognitive disability worldwide. Generally, it is produced by an alteration in the embryogenesis of the thyroid gland or by an alteration in the synthesis of thyroid hormones, which determine that affected patients have low or absent thyroid hormone concentrations. The importance of this fact is that brain development during the first three years of life is highly dependent on thyroid hormones. Prior to the implementation of national neonatal screening programs around the world, 8 to 27% of children with CH had an IQ lower than 70...
December 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652201/trunk-control-and-functionality-in-children-with-spastic-cerebral-palsy
#13
Gulce Kallem Seyyar, Bahar Aras, Ozgen Aras
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between trunk control in sitting and functionality in children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Fifty-eight children with spastic CP were included in the study. Functional abilities were evaluated with the Gross Motor Function Measurement-88 (GMFM-88) and the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory Functional Skills domain (PEDI-FSD). Trunk control in sitting was tested with the Trunk Control Measurement Scale (TCMS) and the Trunk Impairment Scale (TIS)...
April 13, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650414/joint-laxity-in-preschool-children-born-preterm
#14
Domenico M Romeo, Chiara Velli, Simona Lucibello, Gloria Ferrantini, Giuseppina Leo, Claudia Brogna, Francesco Cota, Daniela Ricci, Francesca Gallini, Costantino Romagnoli, Giovanni Vento, Eugenio Mercuri
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of joint laxity in children born preterm assessed in the first 2 years, the relationship between joint laxity and motor performance at preschool age, and possible changes over time in a subgroup of children followed longitudinally. STUDY DESIGN: The revised scale of Beighton Score was used to evaluate joint laxity in a population of 132 preschool children born preterm between 24 and 32 weeks of gestational age. All were assessed for joint laxity between 12 and 24 months of age...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648943/who-skips-using-temperament-to-explain-differential-outcomes-of-a-motor-competence-intervention-for-preschoolers
#15
Sally A Taunton, Kelly Lynn Mulvey, Ali S Brian
PURPOSE: Although motor skill interventions often improve fundamental motor skills (FMS) during preschool, the extent of individual children's success in development of FMS still varies among children receiving the same intervention. Temperament is multifaceted and includes negative affect (high levels of frustration or anger), effortful control (focus, self-regulation, and concentration), and surgency (energy and activity level). Temperament often influences cognitive, social, and behavioral outcomes and may be a significant factor in the development of FMS...
April 12, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643070/neurobehavioral-outcomes-11-years-after-neonatal-caffeine-therapy-for-apnea-of-prematurity
#16
Ines M Mürner-Lavanchy, Lex W Doyle, Barbara Schmidt, Robin S Roberts, Elizabeth V Asztalos, Lorrie Costantini, Peter G Davis, Deborah Dewey, Judy D'Ilario, Ruth E Grunau, Diane Moddemann, Harvey Nelson, Arne Ohlsson, Alfonso Solimano, Win Tin, Peter J Anderson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Caffeine is effective in the treatment of apnea of prematurity. Although caffeine therapy has a benefit on gross motor skills in school-aged children, effects on neurobehavioral outcomes are not fully understood. We aimed to investigate effects of neonatal caffeine therapy in very low birth weight (500-1250 g) infants on neurobehavioral outcomes in 11-year-old participants of the Caffeine for Apnea of Prematurity trial. METHODS: Thirteen academic hospitals in Canada, Australia, Great Britain, and Sweden participated in this part of the 11-year follow-up of the double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial...
April 11, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628361/relationship-between-habitual-physical-activity-motor-capacity-and-capability-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-aged-4-5-years-across-all-functional-abilities
#17
Piyapa Keawutan, Kristie L Bell, Stina Oftedal, Peter S W Davies, Robert S Ware, Roslyn N Boyd
BACKGROUND: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) have lower habitual physical activity (HPA) than their typically developing peers. There are limited studies of HPA in young children with CP under the age of 5 years. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationships between HPA, sedentary time, motor capacity and capability in children with CP aged 4-5 years. METHODS: Sixty-seven participants were classified using Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS), assessed for motor capacity using Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM) and wore accelerometers for three days to measure HPA and sedentary time...
April 3, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627308/function-in-unaffected-arms-of-children-with-obstetric-brachial-plexus-palsy
#18
Dilek Aktaş, Beyhan Eren, Özge Keniş-Coşkun, Evrim Karadag-Saygi
OBJECTIVE: The objective is to compare the fine and gross motor function of unaffected arms of children with obstetric brachial plexus palsy (OBBP) with typically developing children's dominant upper extremities. METHODS: Fifty-three patients with OBBP and fifty-one typically developing children between the age of 4 and 13 were included in the study. For gross motor function evaluation in the upper extremity box-block test (BBT), for fine motor skill nine-hole peg (9HP) test was used...
March 26, 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623011/assessment-of-oral-and-dental-health-status-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-an-exploratory-study
#19
Nabila A Sedky
Objectives: Evaluating oral and dental health status in Egyptian children with cerebral palsy (CP) in relation to gross motor skills and types of CP. Methods: A Cross-sectional study was conducted at el-Shatby Hospital for Children, Alexandria-Egypt. Oral examination for 62 children with CP between the age ranges 3-12 years was performed and decay missing filling-tooth/decay filling-tooth (DMFT/dft), simplified oral hygiene index (OHI-S), and modified gingival index (MGI) indices were charted...
January 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621940/joint-relationship-between-physical-activity-weight-status-and-motor-skills-in-children-aged-3-to-10-years
#20
Katrina D DuBose, Amy Gross McMillan, Aaron P Wood, Susan B Sisson
While the relationships between physical activity (PA), obesity, and motor skills have been independently examined by previous research, this study explored both independent and combined relationships between children's PA, weight status, and motor skills within a multiple regression analysis. We measured height and weight and calculated body mass index (BMI) z scores for 96 children (3-10 years of age). We measured motor skills using the Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2nd edition (MABC-2), and we measured PA levels through accelerometry...
January 1, 2018: Perceptual and Motor Skills
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