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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542319/shared-and-differentiated-motor-skill-impairments-in-children-with-dyslexia-and-or-attention-deficit-disorder-from-simple-to-complex-sequential-coordination
#1
Marie-Ève Marchand-Krynski, Olivier Morin-Moncet, Anne-Marie Bélanger, Miriam H Beauchamp, Gabriel Leonard
Dyslexia and Attention deficit disorder (AD) are prevalent neurodevelopmental conditions in children and adolescents. They have high comorbidity rates and have both been associated with motor difficulties. Little is known, however, about what is shared or differentiated in dyslexia and AD in terms of motor abilities. Even when motor skill problems are identified, few studies have used the same measurement tools, resulting in inconstant findings. The present study assessed increasingly complex gross motor skills in children and adolescents with dyslexia, AD, and with both Dyslexia and AD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533005/risk-factors-for-daytime-or-combined-incontinence-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#2
Bieke Samijn, Christine Van den Broeck, Ellen Deschepper, Catherine Renson, Piet Hoebeke, Frank Plasschaert, Johan Vande Walle, Erik Van Laecke
PURPOSE: To identify risk factors for daytime or combined urinary incontinence (UI) in children with cerebral palsy (CP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional case-control study was conducted including children with CP with or without UI from the CP-Reference Centre at *** (blinded for review) and two associated special education schools. Factors were subdivided in three clusters, namely demographic and general medical data, CP classification and bladder and bowel dysfunction...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526673/the-effectiveness-of-a-computer-game-based-rehabilitation-platform-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-protocol-for-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
Anuprita Kanitkar, Tony Szturm, Sanjay Parmar, Dorcas Bc Gandhi, Gina Ruth Rempel, Gayle Restall, Monika Sharma, Amitesh Narayan, Jeyaraj Pandian, Nilashri Naik, Ravi R Savadatti, Mahesh Appasaheb Kamate
BACKGROUND: It is difficult to engage young children with cerebral palsy (CP) in repetitive, tedious therapy. As such, there is a need for innovative approaches and tools to motivate these children. We developed the low-cost, computer game-based rehabilitation platform CGR that combines fine manipulation and gross movement exercises with attention and planning game activities appropriate for young children with CP. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to provide evidence of the therapeutic value of CGR to improve upper extremity (UE) motor function for children with CP...
May 18, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516192/the-value-of-gesell-score-in-predicting-the-outcome-of-cochlear-implantation-in-children
#4
Yang Yang, Liu Haihong, Zheng Jun, Chen Min, Li Ying, Hao Jinsheng, Liu Wei, Zhang Jie, Ni Xin
The purpose is to determine the value of preoperative evaluation on developmental levels using Gesell score in predicting the postoperative outcome in pediatric cochlear implantation (CI) recipients. 78 children who underwent CI were included in our study. Age at the time of CI ranged from 6 to 67 months. The Gesell score including adaptability, fine motor, gross motor, language, and social skill was used for evaluating the patients' developmental levels before the CI, and a developmental quotient (DQ) was calculated by the following formula: (developmental age/actual age) × 100...
May 17, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515161/suboptimal-maternal-iodine-intake-is-associated-with-impaired-child-neurodevelopment-at-3-years-of-age-in-the-norwegian-mother-and-child-cohort-study
#5
Marianne H Abel, Ida H Caspersen, Helle Margrete Meltzer, Margaretha Haugen, Ragnhild E Brandlistuen, Heidi Aase, Jan Alexander, Liv E Torheim, Anne-Lise Brantsæter
Background: Severe iodine deficiency in pregnancy has major effects on child neurodevelopment, but less is known about the potential consequences of mild-to-moderate deficiency and iodine supplement use.Objective: We explored the associations between maternal iodine intake and child neurodevelopment at 3 y of age and the potential impact of maternal intake of iodine from supplements on the same outcomes.Methods: This population-based prospective observational study included 48,297 mother-child pairs recruited during pregnancy from 2002 to 2008...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509631/improving-balance-mobility-and-dual-task-performance-in-an-adolescent-with-cerebral-palsy-a-case-report
#6
Sarah Fisher-Pipher, Lisa K Kenyon, Marci Westman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Improving functional mobility is often a desired outcome for adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP). Traditional neurorehabilitation approaches are frequently directed at impairments; however, improvements may not be carried over into functional mobility. The purpose of this case report was to describe the examination, intervention, and outcomes of a task-oriented physical therapy intervention program to improve dynamic balance, functional mobility, and dual-task performance in an adolescent with CP...
May 16, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507981/a-quasi-experimental-study-of-a-movement-and-preliteracy-program-for-3-and-4-year-old-children
#7
Chloe Bedard, Emily Bremer, Wenonah Campbell, John Cairney
OBJECTIVE: Approximately 28% of children are not ready for kindergarten, 91% are inactive according to current guidelines, and 21% are overweight/obese. Early intervention to strengthen movement and preliteracy skills may help to curb the concerning rates of poor school readiness, inactivity, obesity, and subsequently positively impact health across the lifespan. The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a motor and preliteracy skill program for a community sample of 3- to 4-year-old children...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502837/use-of-technology-to-facilitate-physical-activity-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-pilot-study
#8
Melissa D Bittner, B Rhett Rigby, Lisa Silliman-French, David L Nichols, Suzanna R Dillon
Deficits in social behavior and communication skills are correlated with reduced gross motor skills in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The ExerciseBuddy application (EB app) was designed to communicate these motor skills to those with ASD and integrates evidence-based practices such as visual support and video modeling supported by The National Professional Development Center on Autism Spectrum Disorders. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the EB app in facilitating increased physiologic responses to physical activity via a continuous measurement of energy expenditure and heart rate versus practice-style teaching methods in children with ASD...
May 11, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473257/stress-and-corticosterone-alter-synaptic-plasticity-in-a-rat-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#9
YongXin Hao, Aref Shabanpoor, Gerlinde A Metz
As a major influence on neuronal function and plasticity, chronic stress can affect the progression and symptoms of neurodegenerative conditions, such as Parkinson's disease (PD). Here we investigated the influence of unilateral dopamine depletion and stress on dopamine-related hallmarks of stress response and neuronal plasticity in a rat model of PD. Animals received either restraint stress or a combination of adrenalectomy and corticosterone (CORT) supplementation to clamp circulating glucocorticoid levels for three weeks prior to unilateral nigrostriatal dopamine depletion...
May 1, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440577/variable-developmental-delays-and-characteristic-facial-features-a-novel-7p22-3p22-2-microdeletion-syndrome
#10
Andrea C Yu, Regina M Zambrano, Ingrid Cristian, Sue Price, Birgitta Bernhard, Marc Zucker, Sunita Venkateswaran, Jean McGowan-Jordan, Christine M Armour
Isolated 7p22.3p22.2 deletions are rarely described with only two reports in the literature. Most other reported cases either involve a much larger region of the 7p arm or have an additional copy number variation. Here, we report five patients with overlapping microdeletions at 7p22.3p22.2. The patients presented with variable developmental delays, exhibiting relative weaknesses in expressive language skills and relative strengths in gross, and fine motor skills. The most consistent facial features seen in these patients included a broad nasal root, a prominent forehead a prominent glabella and arched eyebrows...
June 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435631/the-impact-of-kinesio-taping-technique-on-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#11
REVIEW
Alireza Shamsoddini, Zabihallah Rasti, Minoo Kalantari, Mohammad Taghi Hollisaz, Vahid Sobhani, Hamid Dalvand, Mohammad Kazem Bakhshandeh-Bali
Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common movement disorder in children that is associated with life-long disability and multiple impairments. The clinical manifestations of CP vary among children. CP is accompanied by a wide range of problems and has a broad spectrum. Children with CP demonstrate poor fine and dross motor function due to psychomotor disturbances. Early rehabilitation programs are essential for children with CP and should be appropriate for the age and functional condition of the patients. Kinesio taping (KT) technique is a relatively new technique applied in rehabilitation programs of CP...
October 7, 2016: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425223/three-families-with-mild-pmm2-cdg-and-normal-cognitive-development
#12
Mari-Anne Vals, Eva Morava, Kai Teeäär, Riina Zordania, Sander Pajusalu, Dirk J Lefeber, Katrin Õunap
Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) are caused by defective glycosylation of proteins and lipids. PMM2-CDG is the most common subtype among the CDG. The severity of PMM2-CDG is variable. Patients often have a recognizable phenotype with neurological and multisystem symptoms that might cause early death. We report six patients from three families who are diagnosed with a clinically mild PMM2-CDG and have normal cognitive development. All these patients had delayed gross motor skills with mild-to-moderate neurological findings...
June 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424177/developmental-and-behavioural-associations-of-burns-and-scalds-in-children-a-prospective-population-based-study
#13
Alan Emond, Clare Sheahan, Julie Mytton, Linda Hollén
OBJECTIVE: To investigate child developmental and behavioural characteristics and risk of burns and scalds. DESIGN: Data on burns in children up to 11 years from 12 966 participants in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children were linked to developmental profiles measured before the burn injury. MEASURES: Preinjury profiles of the children derived from maternal questionnaires completed in pregnancy, and at 6, 18, 42, 47 and 54 months...
May 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418261/preschool-children-s-communication-motor-and-social-development-parents-and-educators-concerns
#14
Sharynne McLeod, Kathryn Crowe, Jane McCormack, Paul White, Yvonne Wren, Elise Baker, Sarah Masso, Sue Roulstone
PURPOSE: During early childhood, it is important to identify which children require intervention before they face the increased demands of school. This study aimed to: (1) compare parents' and educators' concerns, (2) examine inter-rater reliability between parents' and educators' concerns and (3) determine the group difference between level of concern and children's performance on clinical testing. METHOD: Parents and educators of 1205 4- to 5-year-old children in the Sound Start Study completed the Parents' Evaluation of Developmental Status...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417687/does-a-perceptuomotor-skills-assessment-have-added-value-to-detect-talent-for-table-tennis-in-primary-school-children
#15
Irene R Faber, Johan Pion, Goran Munivrana, Niels R Faber, Maria W G Nijhuis-Van der Sanden
Talent detection intends to support lifelong sports participation, reduce dropouts and stimulate sports at the elite level. For this purpose it is important to reveal the specific profile which directs children to the sports that connect to their strengths and preferences. This study evaluated a perceptuomotor skills assessment as part of talent detection for table tennis, a sport in which perceptuomotor skills are considered essential to cope with the difficult technical aspects. Primary school children (n = 121) and gifted young table tennis players (n = 146) were assessed using the Dutch perceptuomotor skills assessment measuring "ball control" and "gross motor function"...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408725/screening-for-developmental-delay-in-preschool-aged-children-using-parent-completed-ages-and-stages-questionnaires-additional-insights-into-child-development
#16
Soheir S Abo El Elella, Maha A M Tawfik, Wafaa Moustafa M Abo El Fotoh, Naglaa Fathy Barseem
BACKGROUND: Developmental delay is a delay in areas of speech, language, motor, social and cognitive development. Because of the negative impact of intellectual and learning disabilities, early identification of children with developmental and behavioral problems using appropriate screening tests is crucial. OBJECTIVES: Utilization of parent-completed Ages and Stages Questionnaires (ASQs) for detecting the developmental delay in preschool age children and clarification of possible associated risk factors...
April 13, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386948/developmental-pathways-in-infants-from-4-to-24%C3%A2-months
#17
L Valla, M S Birkeland, D Hofoss, K Slinning
BACKGROUND: There has been limited epidemiological research describing population-based samples regarding developmental pathways throughout infancy, and the research that exists has revealed substantial diversity. Identifying predictors for developmental pathways can inform early intervention services. METHODS: The Ages and Stages Questionnaire was used to measure communication, gross motor, fine motor, problem-solving and personal-social skills longitudinally in a large, population-based sample of 1555 infants recruited from well-baby clinics in five municipalities in southeast Norway...
April 7, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382215/central-cord-syndrome-from-blast-injury-after-gunshot-wound-to-the-spine-a-case-report-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#18
Juan Galloza, Juan Valentin, Edwardo Ramos
INTRODUCTION: Central Cord Syndrome (CCS) is the most common of the spinal cord injury syndromes. Few cases have been presented with gunshot wound (GSW) as a cause of a central cord syndrome, and none, to our knowledge, has been presented without any evidence of central canal bullet/bone fragments. CASE PRESENTATION: A 27-year-old male suffered two close-range gunshot wounds, one to the left neck and one to the left shoulder. CT scan showed C5 spinous process fracture and paraspinal muscle hemorrhage without evidence of central canal stenosis or bullet/bone fragments...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376931/developmental-screening-in-children-with-chd-ages-and-stages-questionnaires
#19
Maia M Noeder, Beth A Logan, Kari L Struemph, Nancy Condon, Isabel Mueller, Barbara Sands, Ryan R Davies, Erica Sood
OBJECTIVE: Standardised developmental screening tools are important for the evaluation and management of developmental disorders in children with CHD; however, psychometric properties and clinical utility of screening tools, such as the Ages & Stages Questionnaires, Third Edition (ASQ-3), have not been examined in the CHD population. We hypothesised that the ASQ-3 would be clinically useful for this population. Study design ASQ-3 developmental classifications for 163 children with CHD at 6, 12, 24, and/or 36 months of age were compared with those obtained from concurrent developmental testing with the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition...
April 5, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376671/fundamental-motor-skill-proficiency-of-6-to-9-year-old-singaporean-children
#20
Swarup Mukherjee, Jamie Lye Ching Ting, Hin Fong Leong
Fundamental movement proficiency (FMS) is most successfully acquired during early school years. This cross-sectional study assessed FMS proficiency in Singaporean children at the start of and following 2.5 years of primary school physical education (PE). Participants were 244 children from Primary 1 and 3 levels. Fundamental movement skills (FMS) were assessed with the Test of Gross Motor Development-Second Edition (TGMD-2) that includes locomotor (LOCO) and object control (OC) subtests. Most children were rated "average" and "below average" for LOCO skills but "poor" and "below average" for OC skills without significant gender differences on either subtest or overall FMS proficiency and without FMS mastery...
January 1, 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
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