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gross motor skills

Johann Issartel, Bronagh McGrane, Richard Fletcher, Wesley O'Brien, Danielle Powell, Sarahjane Belton
OBJECTIVES: This study proposes an extension of a widely used test evaluating fundamental movement skills proficiency to an adolescent population, with a specific emphasis on validity and reliability for this older age group. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. METHODS: A total of 844 participants (n=456 male, 12.03±0.49) participated in this study. The 12 fundamental movement skills of the TGMD-2 were assessed. Inter-rater reliability was examined to ensure a minimum of 95% consistency between coders...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Rebecca M Stanley, Rachel A Jones, Dylan P Cliff, Stewart G Trost, Donna Berthelsen, Jo Salmon, Marijka Batterham, Simon Eckermann, John J Reilly, Ngiare Brown, Karen J Mickle, Steven J Howard, Trina Hinkley, Xanne Janssen, Paul Chandler, Penny Cross, Fay Gowers, Anthony D Okely
BACKGROUND: Participation in regular physical activity (PA) during the early years helps children achieve healthy body weight and can substantially improve motor development, bone health, psychosocial health and cognitive development. Despite common assumptions that young children are naturally active, evidence shows that they are insufficiently active for health and developmental benefits. Exploring strategies to increase physical activity in young children is a public health and research priority...
October 19, 2016: BMC Public Health
Sutanu Dutta Chowdhury, Brian H Wrotniak, Tusharkanti Ghosh
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between body mass index and motor competence in Santal children 5-12 years old. A total of 816 Santal children were studied. Children's adiposity status was assessed by body mass index (BMI) for age z-score based on World Health Organization reference data. Motor competence was measured using the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Competence (BOT-2). There was no significant difference in mean BMI z-score between Santal boys (0.13 ± 0.07) and girls (-0...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Motor Behavior
Lisa M Barnett, Jo Salmon, Kylie D Hesketh
BACKGROUND: Almost half of young children do not achieve minimum recommendations of 60 daily minutes in physical activity. Physical activity is potentially an important determinant of the development of motor competence in children. This study is one of very few longitudinal studies in this area and the first to investigate early childhood physical activity as a predictor of subsequent motor skill competence. METHODS: Children were assessed as part of the Melbourne InFANT Program longitudinal cohort study at 19 months, 3...
October 10, 2016: BMC Public Health
Citlali López-Ortiz, Tara Egan, Deborah J Gaebler-Spira
INTRODUCTION: This pilot study evaluates the effects of a targeted dance class utilizing classical ballet principles for rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy on balance and upper extremity control. METHODS: Twelve children with cerebral palsy (ages 7-15 years) with Gross Motor Function Classification scores II-IV participated in this study and were assigned to either a control group or targeted dance class group. Targeted dance class group participated in 1-h classes three times per week in a 4-week period...
2016: SAGE Open Medicine
Ryan Burns, Tim Brusseau, James Hannon
Motor skills are needed for physical development and may be linked to health-related fitness and physical activity levels. No studies have examined the relationships among these constructs in large samples of disadvantaged children from low-income families using the Test for Gross Motor Development-3rd Edition (TGMD-3). The purpose of this study was to examine the multivariate associations among health-related fitness, physical activity, and motor skills assessed using the TGMD-3. Participants included 1460 school-aged children (730 boys, 730 girls; M age = 8...
October 4, 2016: Perceptual and Motor Skills
Dattaraj Paramanand Sawarkar, Satish Varma, Pankaj Kumar Singh, Ramesh Doddamani, Amandeep Jagdevan, Bhawani Shanker Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is a rare condition with the potential to cause severe morbidity and mortality. CVST can also occur after vestibular schwannoma (VS) surgery with the thrombosis of transverse and sigmoid sinus. However, there is not a single report of superior sagittal sinus (SSS) thrombosis after VS surgery reported in the literature. CASE REPORT: A 45-year-old lady presented to our centre with large left sided solid cystic VS...
September 26, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Xiuhong Li, Rina D Eiden, Leonard H Epstein, Edmond D Shenassa, Chuanbo Xie, Xiaozhong Wen
BACKGROUND: To examine whether different dimensions of parenting at different ages help small-for-gestational-age (SGA) children 'catch-up' the normal children in cognition and psychomotor. METHODS: We analyzed data of 800 children born SGA and 3,000 children born appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth cohort. The Two Bag Task was used to measure 2-year or 4-year parenting dimensions. Children's reading, math, gross motor, and fine motor scores were assessed at 5 years...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
Katherine A Benfer, Kelly A Weir, Kristie L Bell, Baitun Nahar, Robert S Ware, Peter S W Davies, Roslyn N Boyd
PURPOSE: There is paucity of research investigating oropharyngeal dysphagia (OPD) in young children with cerebral palsy (CP), and most studies explore OPD in high-resource countries. This study aimed at determining the proportion and severity of OPD in preschool children with CP in Bangladesh, compared to Australia. METHOD: Cross-sectional, comparison of two cohorts. Two hundred and eleven children with CP aged 18-36 months, 81 in Bangladesh (mean = 27.6 months, 61...
September 26, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Leah E Robinson, Kara K Palmer, Kristen L Bub
Self-regulatory skills are broadly defined as the ability to manage emotions, focus attention, and inhibit some behaviors while activating others in accordance with social expectations and are an established indicator of academic success. Growing evidence links motor skills and physical activity to self-regulation. This study examined the efficacy of a motor skills intervention (i.e., the Children's Health Activity Motor Program, CHAMP) that is theoretically grounded in Achievement Goal Theory on motor skill performance and self-regulation in Head Start preschoolers...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
Hossein Mohamadipanah, Chembian Parthiban, Jay Nathwani, Drew Rutherford, Shannon DiMarco, Carla Pugh
BACKGROUND: Due to the increased use of peripherally inserted central catheter lines, central lines are not performed as frequently. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether a virtual reality (VR)-based assessment of fine motor skills can be used as a valid and objective assessment of central line skills. METHODS: Surgical residents (N = 43) from 7 general surgery programs performed a subclavian central line in a simulated setting. Then, they participated in a force discrimination task in a VR environment...
October 2016: American Journal of Surgery
Yasmin Iles-Caven, Jean Golding, Steven Gregory, Alan Emond, Caroline M Taylor
As part of the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), measures of early child development were collected using both hands-on expert assessment (on a random 10% sub-sample) by trained psychologists at 18 months using the Griffiths Mental Development Scales (Extended 0-8 years) and from detailed questionnaires completed by the study mothers on the whole cohort using assessments based on the Denver Developmental Screening Test. The development determined by the psychologists on the 10% subsample showed a correlation of 0...
December 2016: Data in Brief
Farid Bardid, Matthieu Lenoir, Floris Huyben, Kristine De Martelaer, Jan Seghers, Jacqueline D Goodway, Frederik J A Deconinck
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a 30-week fundamental motor skill program in typically developing young children and to investigate possible sex differences. DESIGN: A multicenter quasi experimental design was set up for this study which involved 992 children aged 3-8 years. METHODS: All participants received their typical Physical Education curriculum and habitual movement activities. The intervention group (n=523; 53...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Maria Chiara Gallotta, Gian Pietro Emerenziani, Sara Iazzoni, Luigi Iasevoli, Laura Guidetti, Carlo Baldari
Aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of two different 5-month physical education (PE) interventions conducted by a specialist PE teacher on primary school children's skill- and health-related outcomes. About 230 children were randomly assigned to one of three intervention groups: experimental_1 group, experimental_2 group or control group (school curriculum given by the generalist teacher). Pre- and post-intervention tests assessed pupils' fitness (pacer, curl-up, push-up, trunk lift, sit and reach tests) and gross motor coordination (shifting platforms, balance beam, jumping laterally, hopping on one leg over an obstacle tests)...
September 3, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
Andrea Coleman, Simona Fiori, Kelly A Weir, Robert S Ware, Roslyn N Boyd
BACKGROUND: MRI shows promise as a prognostic tool for clinical findings such as gross motor function in children with cerebral palsy(CP), however the relationship with communication skills requires exploration. AIMS: To examine the relationship between the type and severity of brain lesion on MRI and communication skills in children with CP. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: 131 children with CP (73 males(56%)), mean corrected age(SD) 28(5) months, Gross Motor Functional Classification System distribution: I=57(44%), II=14(11%), III=19(14%), IV=17(13%), V=24(18%)...
November 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Tanya N Antonini, William J Dreyer, Susan E Caudle
Cardiac defects represent the most common type of birth defect and children with these abnormalities are known to experience a variety of developmental and neuropsychological delays. Children receiving heart transplants may be at the highest risk for delays as they tend to represent the most severely ill patients with heart disease. This study investigates neurocognitive and adaptive functioning in 20 children under 2 years of age who were undergoing evaluation for heart transplant, comparing their performance to that of normative samples...
August 31, 2016: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
Svend Sparre Geertsen, Richard Thomas, Malte Nejst Larsen, Ida Marie Dahn, Josefine Needham Andersen, Matilde Krause-Jensen, Vibeke Korup, Claus Malta Nielsen, Jacob Wienecke, Christian Ritz, Peter Krustrup, Jesper Lundbye-Jensen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations between motor skills, exercise capacity and cognitive functions, and evaluate how they correlate to academic performance in mathematics and reading comprehension using standardised, objective tests. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 423 Danish children (age: 9.29±0.35 years, 209 girls). Fine and gross motor skills were evaluated in a visuomotor accuracy-tracking task, and a whole-body coordination task, respectively...
2016: PloS One
Michelle Stahlhut, Jenny Downs, Helen Leonard, Anne-Marie Bisgaard, Eva Nordmark
BACKGROUND: The repertoire of measures of walking in Rett syndrome is limited. This study aimed to determine measurement properties of a modified two-minute walk test (2MWT) and a modified Rett syndrome-specific functional mobility scale (FMS-RS) in Rett syndrome. METHODS: Forty-two girls and women with Rett syndrome (median 18.4 years, range 2.4-60.9 years) were assessed for clinical severity, gross motor skills, and mobility. To measure walking capacity, 27 of this group completed a 2MWT twice on two different assessment days...
August 24, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Nataliia Burakevych, Christopher Joel Dorman Mckinlay, Jane Marie Alsweiler, Trecia Ann Wouldes, Jane Elizabeth Harding
AIM: To determine whether Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development (3rd edition) (Bayley-III) motor scores and neurological examination at 2 years corrected age predict motor difficulties at 4.5 years corrected age. METHOD: A prospective cohort study of children born at risk of neonatal hypoglycaemia in Waikato Hospital, Hamilton, New Zealand. Assessment at 2 years was performed using the Bayley-III motor scale and neurological examination, and at 4.5 years using the Movement Assessment Battery for Children (2nd edition) (MABC-2)...
August 20, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
James R Rudd, Lisa M Barnett, Damian Farrow, Jason Berry, Erika Borkoles, Remco Polman
OBJECTIVES: Internationally, children's movement competence levels are low. This study's aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of a 16 week gymnastics curriculum on stability, locomotive and object control skills and general body coordination. It was hypothesised that the gymnastics intervention group would demonstrate significant improvements beyond a PE comparison group. DESIGN: This study used a non-randomised control design. The intervention and comparison groups were drawn from three primary schools...
July 14, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
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