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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909747/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-to-the-supplementary-motor-area-sma-influences-performance-on-motor-tasks
#1
K E Hupfeld, C J Ketcham, H D Schneider
The supplementary motor area (SMA) is believed to be highly involved in the planning and execution of both simple and complex motor tasks. This study aimed to examine the role of the SMA in planning the movements required to complete reaction time, balance, and pegboard tasks using anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), which passes a weak electrical current between two electrodes, in order to modulate neuronal activity. Twenty healthy adults were counterbalanced to receive either tDCS (experimental condition) or no tDCS (control condition) for 3 days...
December 1, 2016: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900816/sensorimotor-and-visual-perceptual-functioning-in-school-aged-children-with-williams-syndrome
#2
Y-P Wuang, H-Y Tsai
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to describe sensorimotor profile and visual perceptual performance in school-aged (6-12 years) children with Williams syndrome (WS). The impacts of sensorimotor and visual perception on participation in WS were examined as well to guide research and evidence-based practices. METHODS: A total of 38 children with WS aged 6 to 12 years were evaluated with measures of motor performance (Bruininks-Oseretsky of Motor Proficiency-Second Edition), sensory processing (Sensory Profile), visual perceptual abilities (Test of Visual Perception Skills-Third Edition) and activity participation (Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale, School Function Assessment)...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900154/efficacy-of-gross-motor-skill-interventions-in-young-children-an-updated-systematic-review
#3
Sanne L C Veldman, Rachel A Jones, Anthony D Okely
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to provide an update of the evidence on the efficacy of gross motor development interventions in young children (0-5 years) from 2007 to 2015. METHODS: Searches were conducted of six electronic databases: PUBMED, Medline (Ovid), ERIC (Ebsco), Embase, SCOPUS and Psychinfo. Studies included any childcare-based, preschool-based, home-based, or community-based intervention targeting the development of gross motor skills including statistical analysis of gross motor skill competence...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899082/interventions-to-improve-gross-motor-performance-in-children-with-neurodevelopmental-disorders-a-meta-analysis
#4
Barbara R Lucas, Elizabeth J Elliott, Sarah Coggan, Rafael Z Pinto, Tracy Jirikowic, Sarah Westcott McCoy, Jane Latimer
BACKGROUND: Gross motor skills are fundamental to childhood development. The effectiveness of current physical therapy options for children with mild to moderate gross motor disorders is unknown. The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature to investigate the effectiveness of conservative interventions to improve gross motor performance in children with a range of neurodevelopmental disorders. METHODS: A systematic review with meta-analysis was conducted...
November 29, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889381/do-developmental-milestones-at-4-8-12-and-24-months-predict-iq-at-5-6-years-old-results-of-the-eden-mother-child-cohort
#5
Hugo Peyre, Marie-Laure Charkaluk, Anne Forhan, Barbara Heude, Franck Ramus
RATIONALE: The present study aims: (i) to determine how well developmental milestones at 4, 8, 12 and 24 months may predict IQ at 5-6 years old, (ii) to identify cognitive domains during the first two years that best predict later IQ and (iii) to determine whether children with IQ in the normal range at 5-6 years old may differ from disabled (IQ < 70) and gifted children (IQ > 130) with regard to their early cognitive development. METHOD: The main developmental milestones were collected through self-administered questionnaires rated by parents at 4, 8, 12 and 24 months and through parental questionnaires administered by a trained interviewer and questionnaires completed following a medical examination at 12 months...
November 15, 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875541/new-perspective-on-impact-of-folic-acid-supplementation-during-pregnancy-on-neurodevelopment-autism-in-the-offspring-children-a-systematic-review
#6
Yunfei Gao, Chao Sheng, Ri-Hua Xie, Wen Sun, Elizabeth Asztalos, Diane Moddemann, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Mark Walker, Shi Wu Wen
It has been conclusively established that folic acid supplementation prior to and during early pregnancy (up to 12 weeks of gestation) can prevent neural tube defects (NTDs). We hypothesized that folate effects may extend from neuro-structural defects to alterations in neuro-behavioural and emotional skills including autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and other developmental disorders. The objective of this review was to comprehensively evaluate evidence on the impact of folic acid on neurodevelopment other than NTDs...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843743/comparison-of-a-robotic-assisted-gait-training-program-with-a-program-of-functional-gait-training-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-design-and-methods-of-a-two-group-randomized-controlled-cross-over-trial
#7
Alicia J Hilderley, Darcy Fehlings, Gloria W Lee, F Virginia Wright
BACKGROUND: Enhancement of functional ambulation is a key goal of rehabilitation for children with cerebral palsy (CP) who experience gross motor impairment. Physiotherapy (PT) approaches often involve overground and treadmill-based gait training to promote motor learning, typically as free walking or with body-weight support. Robotic-assisted gait training (RAGT), using a device such as the Lokomat(®)Pro, may permit longer training duration, faster and more variable gait speeds, and support walking pattern guidance more than overground/treadmill training to further capitalize on motor learning principles...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832925/ecological-validity-of-the-german-bruininks-oseretsky-test-of-motor-proficiency-2nd-edition
#8
Sabine Vinçon, Dido Green, Rainer Blank, Ekkehart Jenetzky
The diagnosis of Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) is based on poor motor coordination in the absence of other neurological disorders. In order to identify the presence of movement difficulties, a standardised motor assessment is recommended to determine the extent of movement problems which may contribute to deficits in daily task performance. A German version of the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency, Second Edition (German BOT-2) was recently published. This study aimed to determine the ecological validity of the German BOT-2 by considering the relationship between assessment of fundamental motor skills with the BOT-2 and performance of everyday motor activities as evaluated by parents...
November 7, 2016: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824688/gross-motor-skills-and-cardiometabolic-risk-in-children-a-mediation-analysis
#9
Ryan D Burns, Timothy A Brusseau, You Fu, James C Hannon
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the linear relationship between gross motor skills and cardiometabolic risk, with aerobic fitness as a mediator variable, in low-income children from the U.S. METHODS: Participants were a convenience sample of 224 children (Mean age = 9.1 ± 1.1 years; 129 girls, 95 boys) recruited from five low-income elementary schools from the Mountain West Region of the U.S. Gross motor skills were assessed using the Test for Gross Motor Development 3rd Edition...
November 7, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821947/effect-of-task-oriented-training-and-high-variability-practice-on-gross-motor-performance-and-activities-of-daily-living-in-children-with-spastic-diplegia
#10
Hae-Yeon Kwon, So-Yoon Ahn
[Purpose] This study investigates how a task-oriented training and high-variability practice program can affect the gross motor performance and activities of daily living for children with spastic diplegia and provides an effective and reliable clinical database for future improvement of motor performances skills. [Subjects and Methods] This study randomly assigned seven children with spastic diplegia to each intervention group including that of a control group, task-oriented training group, and a high-variability practice group...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818366/aicardi-syndrome-epilepsy-surgery-as-a-palliative-treatment-option-for-selected-patients-and-pathological-findings
#11
Irina Podkorytova, Ajay Gupta, Elaine Wyllie, Ahsan Moosa, William Bingaman, Richard Prayson, Elia M Pestana Knight
The optimal treatment for medically refractory epilepsy in Aicardi syndrome (AS) is still unclear. Palliative surgical treatment, including vagus nerve stimulation and corpus callosotomy, has therefore been used. There is limited data on the role of resective epilepsy surgery as a treatment choice in patients with AS. Here, we describe the seizures, anatomo-pathological findings, and neurodevelopmental outcome of palliative epilepsy surgery in two children with AS who had resective epilepsy surgery at the Cleveland Clinic...
November 4, 2016: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793778/aav-mediated-gene-delivery-attenuates-neuroinflammation-in-feline-sandhoff-disease
#12
Allison M Bradbury, Tiffany A Peterson, Amanda L Gross, Stephen Z Wells, Victoria J McCurdy, Karen G Wolfe, John C Dennis, Brandon L Brunson, Heather Gray-Edwards, Ashley N Randle, Aime K Johnson, Edward E Morrison, Nancy R Cox, Henry J Baker, Miguel Sena-Esteves, Douglas R Martin
Sandhoff disease (SD) is a lysosomal storage disorder characterized by the absence of hydrolytic enzyme β-N-acetylhexosaminidase (Hex), which results in storage of GM2 ganglioside in neurons and unremitting neurodegeneration. Neuron loss initially affects fine motor skills, but rapidly progresses to loss of all body faculties, a vegetative state, and death by five years of age in humans. A well-established feline model of SD allows characterization of the disease in a large animal model and provides a means to test the safety and efficacy of therapeutic interventions before initiating clinical trials...
October 26, 2016: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785593/communication-deficits-and-the-motor-system-exploring-patterns-of-associations-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd
#13
M Mody, A M Shui, L A Nowinski, S B Golas, C Ferrone, J A O'Rourke, C J McDougle
Many children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have notable difficulties in motor, speech and language domains. The connection between motor skills (oral-motor, manual-motor) and speech and language deficits reported in other developmental disorders raises important questions about a potential relationship between motor skills and speech-language deficits in ASD. To this end, we examined data from children with ASD (n = 1781), 2-17 years of age, enrolled in the Autism Speaks-Autism Treatment Network (AS-ATN) registry who completed a multidisciplinary evaluation that included diagnostic, physical, cognitive and behavioral assessments as part of a routine standard of care protocol...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769687/a-cross-validation-study-of-the-tgmd-2-the-case-of-an-adolescent-population
#14
Johann Issartel, Bronagh McGrane, Richard Fletcher, Wesley O'Brien, Danielle Powell, Sarahjane Belton
OBJECTIVES: This study proposes an extension of a widely used test evaluating fundamental movement skills proficiency to an adolescent population, with a specific emphasis on validity and reliability for this older age group. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. METHODS: A total of 844 participants (n=456 male, 12.03±0.49) participated in this study. The 12 fundamental movement skills of the TGMD-2 were assessed. Inter-rater reliability was examined to ensure a minimum of 95% consistency between coders...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756277/increasing-physical-activity-among-young-children-from-disadvantaged-communities-study-protocol-of-a-group-randomised-controlled-effectiveness-trial
#15
Rebecca M Stanley, Rachel A Jones, Dylan P Cliff, Stewart G Trost, Donna Berthelsen, Jo Salmon, Marijka Batterham, Simon Eckermann, John J Reilly, Ngiare Brown, Karen J Mickle, Steven J Howard, Trina Hinkley, Xanne Janssen, Paul Chandler, Penny Cross, Fay Gowers, Anthony D Okely
BACKGROUND: Participation in regular physical activity (PA) during the early years helps children achieve healthy body weight and can substantially improve motor development, bone health, psychosocial health and cognitive development. Despite common assumptions that young children are naturally active, evidence shows that they are insufficiently active for health and developmental benefits. Exploring strategies to increase physical activity in young children is a public health and research priority...
October 19, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740896/association-between-body-mass-index-and-motor-competence-in-santal-children-of-purulia-district-india
#16
Sutanu Dutta Chowdhury, Brian H Wrotniak, Tusharkanti Ghosh
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between body mass index and motor competence in Santal children 5-12 years old. A total of 816 Santal children were studied. Children's adiposity status was assessed by body mass index (BMI) for age z-score based on World Health Organization reference data. Motor competence was measured using the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Competence (BOT-2). There was no significant difference in mean BMI z-score between Santal boys (0.13 ± 0.07) and girls (-0...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27724941/more-active-pre-school-children-have-better-motor-competence-at-school-starting-age-an-observational-cohort-study
#17
Lisa M Barnett, Jo Salmon, Kylie D Hesketh
BACKGROUND: Almost half of young children do not achieve minimum recommendations of 60 daily minutes in physical activity. Physical activity is potentially an important determinant of the development of motor competence in children. This study is one of very few longitudinal studies in this area and the first to investigate early childhood physical activity as a predictor of subsequent motor skill competence. METHODS: Children were assessed as part of the Melbourne InFANT Program longitudinal cohort study at 19 months, 3...
October 10, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721977/pilot-study-of-a-targeted-dance-class-for-physical-rehabilitation-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#18
Citlali López-Ortiz, Tara Egan, Deborah J Gaebler-Spira
INTRODUCTION: This pilot study evaluates the effects of a targeted dance class utilizing classical ballet principles for rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy on balance and upper extremity control. METHODS: Twelve children with cerebral palsy (ages 7-15 years) with Gross Motor Function Classification scores II-IV participated in this study and were assigned to either a control group or targeted dance class group. Targeted dance class group participated in 1-h classes three times per week in a 4-week period...
2016: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703062/multivariate-associations-among-health-related-fitness-physical-activity-and-tgmd-3-test-items-in-disadvantaged-children-from-low-income-families
#19
Ryan Burns, Tim Brusseau, James Hannon
Motor skills are needed for physical development and may be linked to health-related fitness and physical activity levels. No studies have examined the relationships among these constructs in large samples of disadvantaged children from low-income families using the Test for Gross Motor Development-3rd Edition (TGMD-3). The purpose of this study was to examine the multivariate associations among health-related fitness, physical activity, and motor skills assessed using the TGMD-3. Participants included 1460 school-aged children (730 boys, 730 girls; M age = 8...
October 4, 2016: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686505/fatal-superior-sagittal-sinus-and-torcular-thrombosis-after-vestibular-schwannoma-surgery-report-of-a-rare-complication-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
Dattaraj Paramanand Sawarkar, Satish Kumar Verma, Pankaj Kumar Singh, Ramesh Doddamani, Amandeep Kumar, Bhawani Shanker Sharma
BACKGROUND: Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is a rare condition with the potential to cause severe morbidity and mortality. CVST can also occur after vestibular schwannoma (VS) surgery with the thrombosis of transverse and sigmoid sinus. However, there is not a single report of superior sagittal sinus (SSS) thrombosis after VS surgery reported in the literature. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 45-year-old woman presented to our center with large left-sided solid cystic VS...
September 28, 2016: World Neurosurgery
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