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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917084/evaluation-of-neurodevelopment-of-children-with-congenital-hypothyroidism-by-the-denver-developmental-screening-test
#1
Ayşe Derya Buluş, Esra Tiftik
BACKGROUND: Thyroid hormones are essential for growth and brain development in childhood. Although congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is the most common reason for mental retardation, normal neurological development can be achieved through early and effective treatment. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the neurological development of CH patients aged 24-56 months. METHODS: The study included a total of 116 healthy control subjects and 112 patients aged 24-56 months who were diagnosed with CH during the neonatal period and were being followed up at the Pediatric Endocrinology Department, Keçiören Training and Research Hospital, between 2012 and 2015...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902393/fine-motor-control-underlies-the-association-between-response-inhibition-and-drawing-skill-in-early-development
#2
Andrew Simpson, Reshaa Al Ruwaili, Richard Jolley, Hayley Leonard, Nicolas Geeraert, Kevin J Riggs
Previous research shows that the development of response inhibition and drawing skill are linked. The current research investigated whether this association reflects a more fundamental link between response inhibition and motor control. In Experiment 1, 3- and 4-year-olds (n = 100) were tested on measures of inhibition, fine motor control, and drawing skill. Data revealed an association between inhibition and fine motor control, which was responsible for most of the association observed with drawing skill...
September 13, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873887/motorsense-using-motion-tracking-technology-to-support-the-identification-and-treatment-of-gross-motor-dysfunction
#3
Inmaculada Arnedillo-Sánchez, Bryan Boyle, Benoît Bossavit
MotorSense is a motion detection and tracking technology that can be implemented across a range of environments to assist in detecting delays in gross-motor skills development. The system utilises the motion tracking functionality of Microsoft's Kinect™. It features games that require children to perform graded gross-motor tasks matched with their chronological and developmental ages. This paper describes the rationale for MotorSense, provides an overview of the functionality of the system and illustrates sample activities...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871568/a-mini-overview-of-single-muscle-fibre-mechanics-the-effects-of-age-inactivity-and-exercise-in-animals-and-humans
#4
Hyunseok Jee, Jong-Hee Kim
Many basic movements of living organisms are dependent on muscle function. Muscle function allows for the coordination and harmonious integrity of movement that is necessary for various biological processes. Gross and fine motor skills are both regulated at the micro-level (single muscle fibre level), controlled by neuronal regulation, and it is therefore important to understand muscle function at both micro- and macro-levels to understand the overall movement of living organisms. Single muscle mechanics and the cellular environment of muscles fundamentally allow for the harmonious movement of our bodies...
September 5, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870141/physical-and-psychosocial-characteristics-of-current-child-dancers-and-nondancers-with-systemic-joint-hypermobility-a-descriptive-analysis
#5
Leslie L Nicholson, Roger Adams, Louise Tofts, Verity Pacey
Study Design Cross-sectional study. Background The effect of current participation in dance training on joint pain and instability, fatigue, and quality of life is unknown. Objectives To examine differences in joint pain, instability, gross-motor skills, non-musculoskeletal systemic manifestations, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and fatigue between children with Joint Hypermobility Syndrome/Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome-Hypermobility Type (JHS/EDS-HT) who currently undertake formal dance training and those who do not...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866011/development-of-a-computerized-adaptive-test-of-children-s-gross-motor-skills
#6
Chien-Yu Huang, Li-Chen Tung, Yeh-Tai Chou, Hing-Man Wu, Kuan-Lin Chen, Ching-Lin Hsieh
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop a computerized adaptive test (CAT) for gross motor skills (GM-CAT) as a diagnostic test and an outcome measure, using the gross motor subtest of the Comprehensive Developmental Inventory for Infants and Toddlers (CDIIT-GM) as the candidate item bank. Moreover, we examined the psychometric properties and the efficiency of the GM-CAT. SETTING: A developmental center of a medical center DESIGN: Retrospective study. PARTICIPANTS: Children with and without developmental delay (N=1,738) INTERVENTIONS: Not Applicable...
August 30, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855403/developmental-outcomes-of-cord-blood-transplantation-for-krabbe-disease-a-15-year-study
#7
Matthew D Wright, Michele D Poe, Anthony DeRenzo, Shilpa Haldal, Maria L Escolar
OBJECTIVE: To describe long-term outcomes of children with early-infantile Krabbe disease who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in the first 7 weeks of life. METHODS: In this prospective longitudinal study, evaluations performed at baseline and follow-up included brain imaging, neurodiagnostic tests, and neurobehavioral evaluations. RESULTS: Of the 18 patients in this study (11 girls, 7 boys; mean follow-up 9.5 years, range 4-15), 5 died (3 of peritransplant complications, 1 of a surgical complication unrelated to Krabbe disease, 1 of disease progression)...
August 30, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853621/does-power-mobility-training-impact-a-child-s-mastery-motivation-and-spectrum-of-eeg-activity-an-exploratory-project
#8
Lisa K Kenyon, John P Farris, Naomi J Aldrich, Samhita Rhodes
PURPOSE: The purposes of this exploratory project were: (1) to evaluate the impact of power mobility training with a child who has multiple, severe impairments and (2) to determine if the child's spectrum of electroencephalography (EEG) activity changed during power mobility training. STUDY DESIGN: A single-subject A-B-A-B research design was conducted with a four-week duration for each phase. Two target behaviours were explored: (1) mastery motivation assessed via the dimensions of mastery questionnaire (DMQ) and (2) EEG data collected under various conditions...
August 30, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851412/influence-of-motor-skills-training-on-children-s-development-evaluated-in-the-motor-skills-in-preschool-mips-study-dk-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-nested-in-a-cohort-study
#9
Lise Hestbaek, Sarah Thurøe Andersen, Thomas Skovgaard, Line Groenholt Olesen, Mette Elmose, Dorthe Bleses, Simon Calmar Andersen, Henrik Hein Lauridsen
BACKGROUND: Good motor skills are considered important for children's physical, social, and psychological development, but the relationship is still poorly understood. Preschool age seems to be decisive for the development of motor skills and probably the most promising time-window in relation to preventive strategies based on improved motor skills. This research program has four overall aims: (1) investigation of the effect of a structured program aimed at improving motor skills in 3-6-year-old children on current and future motor skills, health, cognition, and wellbeing; (2) establish reference data on motor skills in 3-6-year-olds; (3) description of early development of musculoskeletal problems; and (4) establishment of a population-based cohort of 3-6-year-olds...
August 29, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846688/effects-of-lay-support-for-pregnant-women-with-social-risk-factors-on-infant-development-and-maternal-psychological-health-at-12-months-postpartum
#10
Emma Popo, Sara Kenyon, Sophie-Anna Dann, Christine MacArthur, Jacqueline Blissett
BACKGROUND: The ELSIPS (Evaluation of Lay Support in Pregnant Women with Social Risk) RCT showed that lay support for women with social risk had a positive effect on maternal mental health and mother-infant bonding. This exploratory study examined whether these observed benefits would impact infant development at 1 year. METHODS: A sub-sample of women whose infants were under one year who had participated in the ELSIPS RCT which randomised women to receive either standard care or the services of a Pregnancy Outreach Worker (POW), and who were contactable, were eligible to participate in the follow up...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826274/the-effect-of-a-running-intervention-on-running-ability-and-participation-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Noula Gibson, Annie Chappell, Amanda Marie Blackmore, Susan Morris, Gavin Williams, Natasha Bear, Garry Allison
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate effects of a running intervention on running ability and participation in children with cerebral palsy. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Children with cerebral palsy (9-18 years) with Gross Motor Function Classification System levels I-III were randomly assigned to a 12-week running intervention or usual care. Primary outcomes included improvement in running ability (assessed by Goal Attainment Scaling, high level mobility (assessed by the High-Level Mobility Assessment Tool) and participation (assessed by the Participation and Environment Measure for Children and Youth)...
August 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816582/effects-of-a-conductive-education-course-in-young-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Hilde Tinderholt Myrhaug, Jan Odgaard-Jensen, Sigrid Østensjø, Nina Køpke Vøllestad, Reidun Jahnsen
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of a conductive education (CE) course followed by conventional practice, on gross motor function, other functional skills, quality of life, and parents' experiences of family-centered services in young children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Twenty-one children with CP, 3-6 years old, were randomized to one 3-week CE course followed by conventional practice or conventional practice on a waiting list. Outcomes were measured 4 months after baseline...
August 17, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814993/exploration-of-the-effects-of-telerehabilitation-in-a-school-based-setting-for-at-risk-youth
#13
Sara Benham, Varleisha Gibbs
This study explored the efficacy and feasibility of a motion-capture program that may be utilized for telerehabilitation purposes. Two children attending a school for at-risk children received 20 sessions of Timocco, with sessions lasting for 30 minutes, under the guidance of research assistants. The researchers employed a mixed methods design to analyze quantitative data and qualitative interviews. Both children improved their fine and gross motor coordination, as measured on the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency Short Form...
2017: International Journal of Telerehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790905/task-complexity-modulates-sleep-related-offline-learning-in-sequential-motor-skills
#14
Klaus Blischke, Andreas Malangré
Recently, a number of authors have advocated the introduction of gross motor tasks into research on sleep-related motor offline learning. Such tasks are often designed to be more complex than traditional key-pressing tasks. However, until now, little effort has been undertaken to scrutinize the role of task complexity in any systematic way. Therefore, the effect of task complexity on the consolidation of gross motor sequence memory was examined by our group in a series of three experiments. Criterion tasks always required participants to produce unrestrained arm movement sequences by successively fitting a small peg into target holes on a pegboard...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761201/the-impact-of-methylphenidate-on-motor-performance-in-children-with-both-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-developmental-coordination-disorder-a-randomized-double-blind-crossover-clinical-trial
#15
Robabeh Soleimani, Maryam Kousha, Homa Zarrabi, Seyede Mahnaz Tavafzadeh-Haghi, Mir Mohammad Jalali
BACKGROUND: Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder/developmental coordination disorder (ADHD/DCD) suffer from problems associated with gross and fine motor skills. There is no effective pharmacological therapy for such patients. We aimed to assess the impact of methylphenidate (MPH) on motor performance of children with ADHD/DCD. METHODS: In this double-blind placebo-controlled, 17 children (12 boys) with ADHD/DCD with a mean age of 7 years 6 months were recruited in Shafa Hospital, Rasht, Iran...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760181/school-physical-activity-programming-and-gross-motor-skills-in-children
#16
Ryan D Burns, You Fu, James C Hannon, Timothy A Brusseau
OBJECTIVE: We examined the effect of a comprehensive school physical activity program (CSPAP) on gross motor skills in children. METHODS: Participants were 959 children (1st-6th grade; Mean age = 9.1 ± 1.5 years; 406 girls, 553 boys) recruited from 5 low-income schools receiving a year-long CSPAP intervention. Data were collected at the beginning of the school year and at a 36-week follow-up. Gross motor skills were assessed using the Test for Gross Motor Development (3rd ed...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755534/treadmill-interventions-in-children-under-six-years-of-age-at-risk-of-neuromotor-delay
#17
REVIEW
Marta Valentín-Gudiol, Katrin Mattern-Baxter, Montserrat Girabent-Farrés, Caritat Bagur-Calafat, Mijna Hadders-Algra, Rosa Maria Angulo-Barroso
BACKGROUND: Delayed motor development may occur in children with Down syndrome, cerebral palsy, general developmental delay or children born preterm. It limits the child's exploration of the environment and can hinder cognitive and social-emotional development. Literature suggests that task-specific training, such as locomotor treadmill training, facilitates motor development. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of treadmill interventions on locomotor development in children with delayed ambulation or in pre-ambulatory children (or both), who are under six years of age and who are at risk for neuromotor delay...
July 29, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753053/development-of-child-and-family-centered-engagement-guidelines-for-clinical-administration-of-the-challenge-to-measure-advanced-gross-motor-skills-a-qualitative-study
#18
Barbara E Gibson, Bhavnita Mistry, F Virginia Wright
AIMS: This article describes a qualitative study aimed at producing child-centered guidelines for the administration of a measure of children's advanced gross motor skills, the Challenge. The purpose of the guidelines is to promote collaborative interpretation and application of results. METHODS: The study was conducted in three Canadian cities and included 31 children with cerebral palsy (GMFCS Level I or II) ages 8 to 18 and one parent/caregiver per child (N = 62 participants)...
July 28, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750368/changes-in-white-matter-integrity-following-intensive-voice-treatment-lsvt-loud%C3%A2-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-and-motor-speech-disorders
#19
Alesha Reed, Jacqueline Cummine, Reyhaneh Bakhtiari, Cynthia M Fox, Carol A Boliek
Preliminary evidence suggests that intensive voice and speech treatment based on activity-dependent neuroplasticity principles holds promise for affecting positive change in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and motor speech disorders. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) allows researchers to make inferences about the integrity of white matter tracks and provides a sensitive measure of neuroplasticity. Previous treatment studies looking at the effects of training on white matter integrity have shown positive results, but these studies have been limited to gross motor function...
July 28, 2017: Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737868/languaje-what-makes-us-humans
#20
Horacio Lejarraga
Pediatrician carry out the surveillance of language in preschool children as one of the components of child development (language, fine and gross motor skills, etc.). However, language is more than that. The process of transformation of the magic meaning on the word present in the initial stages of human evolution (Myth period) into a new, symbolic meaning as representative of the object (Logos period) took around 40,000 years. With the mastering of language, man was capable of thinking; from then onwards, these two functions, thought and language, became inextricably linked, the evolved hand in hand...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
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