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gross motor skills

Samine Khandan, Hedyeh Riazi, Sedigheh Amir Ali Akbari, Malihe Nasiri, Ali Montazeri
OBJECTIVE: To assess the correlation between adaptation to maternal role (AMR) and infant development. BACKGROUND: Maternal role is an important key in infant's care and development. Previous findings demonstrated an inconsistency in the effect of the mother's adaptation on each domain of infant's development. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 260 healthy mothers and healthy infants attending health centres affiliated to Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences in Tehran in 2016...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Ali Brian, Sally Taunton, Lauren J Lieberman, Pamela Haibach-Beach, John Foley, Sara Santarossa
Results of the Test of Gross Motor Development-2 (TGMD-2) consistently show acceptable validity and reliability for children/adolescents who are sighted and those who have visual impairments. Results of the Test of Gross Motor Development-3 (TGMD-3) are often valid and reliable for children who are sighted, but its psychometric properties are unknown for children with visual impairments. Participants (N = 66; Mage  = 12.93, SD = 2.40) with visual impairments completed the TGMD-2 and TGMD-3. The TGMD-3 results from this sample revealed high internal consistency (ω = ...
March 9, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
Melissa R Mandarakas, Kristy J Rose, Oranee Sanmaneechai, Manoj P Menezes, Kathryn M Refshauge, Joshua Burns
A functional outcome measure for infants (aged 0-3 years) with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is needed for upcoming disease-modifying trials. A systematic review of outcome measures for infants with neuromuscular disorders was completed to determine if validated measures were available for the CMT infant population. We assessed 20,375 papers and identified seven functional outcome measures for infants with neuromuscular disorders. Six were developed and validated for Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA). There were no CMT-specific outcome measures identified, however one (Motor Function Measure) assessed a range of neuromuscular disorders including 13 infants and children with CMT...
March 9, 2018: Journal of the Peripheral Nervous System: JPNS
Zohar Mor, Anat Amit Aharon, Rivka Sheffer, Haim Nehama
INTRODUCTION: Israel has absorbed >40,000 Eritrean undocumented migrants since 2007, while the majority live in the southern neighborhoods of Tel-Aviv. As non-citizens and citizens infants in Israel receive free preventive treatment at the mother and child health clinics (MCHC), this study aimed to compare development and growth achievements between children of Eritrean mothers (CE) to children of Israeli mothers (CI), and assess their compliance to routine follow-up and vaccination-timeliness...
2018: PloS One
Stéphanie Ward, Amanda Froehlich Chow, M Louise Humbert, Mathieu Bélanger, Nazeem Muhajarine, Hassan Vatanparast, Anne Leis
BACKGROUND: The Healthy Start-Départ Santé intervention was developed to promote physical activity, gross motor skills and healthy eating among preschoolers attending childcare centers. This process evaluation aimed to report the reach, effectiveness, adoption, implementation and maintenance of the Healthy Start-Départ Santé intervention. METHODS: The RE-AIM framework was used to guide this process evaluation. Data were collected across 140 childcare centers who received the Healthy Start-Départ Santé intervention in the provinces of Saskatchewan and New Brunswick, Canada...
February 14, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Renato S Procianoy, Andrea Lucia A Corso, Maria Gabriela Longo, Leonardo Vedolin, Rita C Silveira
OBJECTIVE: To determine the neurodevelopment outcomes after Therapeutic Hypothermia for Neonatal Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy (HIE) and identify the neonatal Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) findings associated with neurological outcome in a middle-income country. STUDY DESIGN: All infants born after 35 completed weeks' gestation with signs of moderate to severe encephalopathy and evidence of perinatal asphyxia before 6 hours of life were submitted to whole-body hypothermia and were imaged at 18 ± 8...
March 4, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Micheli Bernardone Saquetto, Adriana de Santana Bispo, Camila da Silva Barreto, Katiuce Almeida Gonçalves, Rodrigo Santos Queiroz, Cássio Magalhães da Silva, Mansueto Gomes Neto
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the addition of an education programme for primary caregivers to rehabilitation improves daily functioning in children with cerebral palsy. DESIGN: A randomized, single-blind, controlled study. SETTING: This study was conducted in a rehabilitation centre in Salvador, Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 63 boys and girls with cerebral palsy, at 1-12 years of age, with Gross Motor Function Classification Systems I-V, were randomly assigned to two groups: educational programme for primary caregivers and conventional rehabilitation ( n = 29) or conventional rehabilitation alone ( n = 31)...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Breanna Clive, Tara Chobotuk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
Hooshang Dadgar, Javad Alaghband Rad, Zahra Soleymani, Anahita Khorammi, Joe McCleery, Saman Maroufizadeh
Objective: Development of early social skills in children is a complex process. To understand this process, it is important to assess how strengths or weaknesses in other developmental domains may be affected by these skills. The present study aimed at investigating the association of motor skills and imitation ability with early social communication skills in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Method: In this study, 20 children with ASD aged 3 to 5 years (M = 4.05, SD = 0.55) participated. All children were diagnosed as ASD based on the DSM-V criteria by an independent child psychiatrist...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Bruno Corrado, Nadia Sommella, Gianluca Ciardi, Enza Raiano, Iris Scala, Pietro Strisciuglio, Clemente Servodio Iammarrone
BACKGROUND: The development of both gross and fine motor skills in a child with Down syndrome is generally delayed. The most seriously affected stage is the achievement of independent walking ability, which influences the onset of all following motor and cognityive skills. The study objectives were (a) to assess the time taken to achieve independent walking ability in a cohort of children with Down syndrome, (b) to examine differences in walking onset by patient characteristics, (c) to verify the effect of early physical therapy (Neurodevelopmental Treatment on the basis of Bobath Concept practised within the first months of life) in the achievement of that skill...
February 19, 2018: Minerva Pediatrica
Andrew J Kobets, Daniel Komlos, John K Houten
BACKGROUND: Ehler-Danlos syndome (EDS) refers to a group of heritable connective tissue disorders; rare manifestations of which are cervical kyphosis and clinical myelopathy. Surgical treatment is described for the deformity in the thoracolumbar spine in adolescents but not for infantile cervical spine. Internal fixation for deformity correction in the infantile cervical spine is challenging due to the diminutive size of the bony anatomy and the lack of spinal instrumentation specifically designed for young children...
February 15, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Jo Wray, Katherine L Brown, Deborah Ridout, Monica Lakhanpaul, Liz Smith, Angie Scarisbrick, Sara O'Curry, Aparna Hoskote
Introduction Neurodevelopmental abnormalities are common in children with CHD and are the highest-priority concerns for parents and professionals following cardiac surgery in childhood. There is no additional routine monitoring of development for children with CHD in the United Kingdom; hence, neurodevelopmental concerns may be detected late, precluding early referral and intervention. METHODS: An early recognition tool - the "Brief Developmental Assessment" - was developed using quality improvement methodology involving several iterations and rounds of pilot testing...
February 13, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
Rachel Toovey, Adrienne R Harvey, Jennifer L McGinley, Katherine J Lee, Sophy T F Shih, Alicia J Spittle
INTRODUCTION: Two-wheel bike riding can be a goal for children with cerebral palsy (CP) and a means of participating in physical activity. It is possible for some children with CP to ride a two-wheel bike; however, currently far fewer can ride compared with their typically developing peers. Evidence supports training targeted towards goals of the child with CP and their family; yet there is little evidence to guide best-practice bike skills training. Task-specific training may lead to attainment of two-wheel bike-specific goals...
February 3, 2018: BMJ Open
Berhanu Nigussie Worku, Teklu Gemechu Abessa, Mekitie Wondafrash, Marleen Vanvuchelen, Liesbeth Bruckers, Patrick Kolsteren, Marita Granitzer
BACKGROUND: Extreme poverty is severe deprivation of basic needs and services. Children living in extreme poverty may lack adequate parental care and face increased developmental and health risks. However, there is a paucity of literature on the combined influences of undernutrition and psychosocial factors (such as limited play materials, playground, playtime, interactions of children with their peers and mother-child interaction) on children's developmental outcomes. The main objective of this study was, therefore, to ascertain the association of developmental outcomes and psychosocial factors after controlling nutritional indices...
February 9, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Griet Dequeker, Anja Van Campenhout, Hilde Feys, Guy Molenaers
AIM: To explore the evolution of self-care and functional mobility after multilevel surgery in children and adolescents with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy and to identify factors affecting these outcomes. METHOD: Thirty-four participants (22 males, 12 females) were evaluated before surgery, and at 2 months, 6 months, 1 year, 18 months, and 2 years after surgery. Self-care was assessed with the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory Dutch edition. The Mobility Questionnaire47 (MobQues47) and Functional Mobility Scale (FMS) were used to measure functional mobility...
February 8, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Cristhina Bonilha Huster Siegle, Cristina Dos Santos Cardoso de Sá
BACKGROUND: Exposure to HIV during pregnancy is a risks to development. Exposed child should have assessed its development since birth. Alberta Infant Motor Scale is a tool which assess gross motor skills, with easy application and low cost. Up to now, this scale had not proven its validity for the population exposed to HIV. It's necessary to compare its with a gold standard tool, Bayley scale, which assess gross and fine motor skills, has a high cost and longer application time required...
February 1, 2018: Infant Behavior & Development
Sharon Israely, Gerry Leisman, Eli Carmeli
Muscle synergies are proposed to function as motor primitives that are modulated by frontal brain areas to construct a large repertoire of movement. This paper reviews the history of the development of our current theoretical understanding of nervous system-based motor control mechanisms and more specifically the concept of muscle synergies. Computational models of muscle synergies, especially the nonnegative matrix factorization algorithm, are discussed with specific reference to the changes in synergy control post-central nervous system (CNS) lesions...
February 5, 2018: Reviews in the Neurosciences
Timothy A Brusseau, James C Hannon, You Fu, Yi Fang, Kahyun Nam, Sara Goodrum, Ryan D Burns
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the trends in school-day step counts, health-related fitness, and gross motor skills during a two-year Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program (CSPAP) in children. DESIGN: Longitudinal trend analysis. METHODS: Participants were a sample of children (N=240; mean age=7.9±1.2 years; 125 girls, 115 boys) enrolled in five low-income schools. Outcome variables consisted of school day step counts, Body Mass Index (BMI), estimated VO2 Peak, and gross motor skill scores assessed using the Test of Gross Motor Development-3rd Edition (TGMD-3)...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Chiza Kumwenda, Jaimie Hemsworth, John Phuka, Ulla Ashorn, Mary Arimond, Kenneth Maleta, Elizabeth L Prado, Marjorie J Haskell, Kathryn G Dewey, Per Ashorn
World Health Organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding for infants for the first 6 months of life, followed by introduction of nutritious complementary foods alongside breastfeeding. Breast milk remains a significant source of nourishment in the second half of infancy and beyond; however, it is not clear whether more breast milk is always better. The present study was designed to determine the association between amount of breast milk intake at 9-10 months of age and infant growth and development by 12-18 months of age...
January 19, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Ana M Romero Otalvaro, Nora Grañana, Nadia Gaeto, María de Los Á Torres, María N Zamblera, María A Vasconez, Claudia Misenta, María E Rouvier, Jane Squires
INTRODUCTION: The systematic assessment of child development in the first years of life is an essential component of pediatric health checkups. The Ages and Stages Questionnaire, third edition (ASQ-3) is the most validated scale, and has been recommended by the UNICEF to verify if children have a normal neurological development. It is a monitoring instrument to assess the main developmental areas, including communication, gross motor, fine motor, personal-social, and problem solving skills, and to compare the local population to the international development standards...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
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