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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349922/association-between-breast-milk-intake-at-9-10%C3%A2-months-of-age-and-growth-and-development-among-malawian-young-children
#1
Chiza Kumwenda, Jaimie Hemsworth, John Phuka, Ulla Ashorn, Mary Arimond, Kenneth Maleta, Elizabeth L Prado, Marjorie J Haskell, Kathryn G Dewey, Per Ashorn
World Health Organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding for infants for the first 6 months of life, followed by introduction of nutritious complementary foods alongside breastfeeding. Breast milk remains a significant source of nourishment in the second half of infancy and beyond; however, it is not clear whether more breast milk is always better. The present study was designed to determine the association between amount of breast milk intake at 9-10 months of age and infant growth and development by 12-18 months of age...
January 19, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333806/asq-3-validation-of-the-ages-and-stages-questionnaire-for-the-detection-of-neurodevelopmental-disorders-in-argentine-children
#2
Ana M Romero Otalvaro, Nora Grañana, Nadia Gaeto, María de Los Á Torres, María N Zamblera, María A Vasconez, Claudia Misenta, María E Rouvier, Jane Squires
INTRODUCTION: The systematic assessment of child development in the first years of life is an essential component of pediatric health checkups. The Ages and Stages Questionnaire, third edition (ASQ-3) is the most validated scale, and has been recommended by the UNICEF to verify if children have a normal neurological development. It is a monitoring instrument to assess the main developmental areas, including communication, gross motor, fine motor, personal-social, and problem solving skills, and to compare the local population to the international development standards...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327599/motor-skills-cognition-and-work-performance-of-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#3
Lena Lipskaya-Velikovsky, Dikla Elgerisi, Adam Easterbrook, Navah Z Ratzon
PURPOSE: Employment offers many benefits to people with mental illness, yet their employment rate is much lower than that of the general population. We investigated the effect of work-related motor skills, neurocognition, and job attitudes on the work performance of people with mental illness, comparing those working in sheltered workshops, with controls working in similar jobs. METHODS: Twenty-nine adults with severe mental illness and 27 controls matched by gender and age were enrolled into the study using convenience sampling...
January 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321033/environmental-enrichment-intervention-for-rett-syndrome-an-individually-randomised-stepped-wedge-trial
#4
Jenny Downs, Jenny Rodger, Chen Li, Xuesong Tan, Nan Hu, Kingsley Wong, Nicholas de Klerk, Helen Leonard
BACKGROUND: Rett syndrome is caused by a pathogenic mutation in the MECP2 gene with major consequences for motor and cognitive development. One of the effects of impaired MECP2 function is reduced production of Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF), a protein required for normal neuronal development. When housed in an enriched environment, MECP2 null mice improved motor abilities and increased levels of BDNF in the brain. We investigated the effects of environmental enrichment on gross motor skills and blood BDNF levels in girls with Rett syndrome...
January 10, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295783/associations-between-gross-motor-skills-and-physical-activity-in-australian-toddlers
#5
Sanne L C Veldman, Rachel A Jones, Rute Santos, Eduarda Sousa-Sá, João R Pereira, Zhiguang Zhang, Anthony D Okely
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity can be promoted by high levels of gross motor skills. A systematic review found a positive relationship in children (3-18 years) but only few studies examined this in younger children. The aim of this study was to examine the association between gross motor skills and physical activity in children aged 11-29 months. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study involved 284 children from 30 childcare services in NSW, Australia (Mean age=19...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285411/simple-training-tricks-for-mastering-and-taming-bypass-procedures-in-neurosurgery
#6
Ahmad Hafez, Rahul Raj, Michael T Lawton, Mika Niemelä
Background: Neurosurgeons devoted to bypass neurosurgery or revascularization neurosurgery are becoming scarcer. From a practical point of view, "bypass neurosurgeons" are anastomosis makers, vessels technicians, and time-racing repairers of vessel walls. This requires understanding the key features and hidden tricks of bypass surgery. The goal of this paper is to provide simple and inexpensive tricks for taming the art of bypass neurosurgery. Most of these tricks and materials described can be borrowed, donated, or purchased inexpensively...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273816/novel-mealtime-duration-measures-reliability-and-preliminary-associations-with-clinical-feeding-and-swallowing-performance-in-self-feeding-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#7
Avinash Mishra, Justine J Sheppard, Cagla Kantarcigil, Andrew M Gordon, Georgia A Malandraki
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine (a) the reliability of newly developed measures of mealtime duration and (b) their relationship to clinical feeding/swallowing performance in children with spastic cerebral palsy (SCP). Method: Seventeen self-feeding children (9 boys, 8 girls) with SCP (age range = 5;1 [years;months] to 17;6, Gross Motor Function Classification System range = I-IV) were assessed during mealtimes using the Dysphagia Disorder Survey (DDS; Sheppard, Hochman, & Baer, 2014)...
December 22, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258560/a-clinical-series-using-intensive-neurorehabilitation-to-promote-functional-motor-and-cognitive-skills-in-three-girls-with-cask-mutation
#8
Stephanie C DeLuca, Dory A Wallace, Mary Rebekah Trucks, Konark Mukherjee
OBJECTIVES: Children with microcephaly face lifelong psychomotor, cognitive, and communications skills disabilities. Etiology of microcephaly is heterogeneous but presentation often includes seizures, hypotonia, ataxia, stereotypic movements, attention deficits, excitability, cognitive delays, and poor communication skills. Molecular diagnostics have outpaced available interventions and most children receive generic physical, speech, and occupational therapies with little attention to the efficacy of such treatments...
December 19, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235424/fundamental-movement-skills-of-children-living-in-england-the-role-of-ethnicity-and-native-english-language
#9
Emma L J Eyre, Leanne Jaye Walker, Michael J Duncan
The development of fundamental movement skills (FMS) has been associated with children's general health, and, while there is evidence to suggest that age, gender, physical activity, and socioeconomic status relate to FMS, the relationship of ethnicity and language barriers to FMS competence has been underexplored. These factors may be of particular interest for South Asian (SA) children who have lower physical activity and increased risk of metabolic disease. This cross-sectional study examined ethnic and language differences in FMS among 218 ethnically diverse five-year-old children (61 White ethnic background, 91 SA, 29 Black ethnic background, and 37 other), some with English as a native language ( n = 90) and some with English as an additional language ( n = 75), all recruited from within central England...
January 1, 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229503/characterization-of-early-onset-motor-deficits-in-the-pink1-mouse-model-of-parkinson-disease
#10
Cynthia A Kelm-Nelson, Alexander F L Brauer, Kelsey J Barth, Jacob M Lake, Mackenzie L K Sinnen, Forrest J Stehula, Cagla Muslu, Roberta Marongiu, Michael G Kaplitt, Michelle R Ciucci
In Parkinson disease (PD), a complex neurodegenerative disorder that affects nearly 10 million people worldwide, motor skills are significantly impaired. However, onset and progression of motor deficits and the neural correlates of these deficits are poorly understood. We used a genetic mouse model of PD (Pink1 -/-), with phenotypic similarities to human PD, to investigate the manifestation of early-onset sensorimotor deficits. We hypothesized this mouse model would show early vocalization and gross motor dysfunction that would be progressive in nature...
December 8, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205624/fundamental-movement-skills-and-balance-of-children-with-down-syndrome
#11
C M Capio, T C T Mak, M A Tse, R S W Masters
BACKGROUND: Conclusive evidence supports the importance of fundamental movement skills (FMS) proficiency in promoting physical activity and countering obesity. In children with Down Syndrome (DS), FMS development is delayed, which has been suggested to be associated with balance deficits. This study therefore examined the relationship between FMS proficiency and balance ability in children with DS, with the aim of contributing evidence to programmes that address FMS delay. METHODS: Participants consisted of 20 children with DS (7...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192871/what-does-the-dap-iq-measure-drawing-comparisons-between-drawing-performance-and-developmental-assessments
#12
Gwendolyn Rehrig, Karin Stromswold
Human figure drawing tasks such as the Draw-a-Person test have long been used to assess intelligence (F. Goodenough, 1926). The authors investigate the skills tapped by drawing and the risk factors associated with poor drawing. Self-portraits of 345 preschool children were scored by raters trained in using the Draw-a-Person Intellectual Ability test (DAP:IQ) rubric (C. R. Reynolds & J. A. Hickman, 2004). Analyses of children's fine motor, gross motor, social, cognitive, and language skills revealed that only fine motor skill was an independent predictor of DAP:IQ scores...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190557/prenatal-co-exposure-to-neurotoxic-metals-and-neurodevelopment-in-preschool-children-the-environment-and-childhood-inma-project
#13
Carmen Freire, Esperanza Amaya, Fernando Gil, Mariana F Fernández, Mario Murcia, Sabrina Llop, Ainara Andiarena, Juanjo Aurrekoetxea, Mariona Bustamante, Mònica Guxens, Esteban Ezama, Guillermo Fernández-Tardón, Nicolás Olea
We sought to determine whether prenatal co-exposure to As, Cd, Hg, Mn, and Pb was associated with impaired neurodevelopment in preschool children from the Spanish Environment and Childhood (INMA) Project, using the placenta as exposure matrix. We measured metal levels in placenta tissue samples randomly selected from five of the seven population-based birth cohorts participating in the INMA Project, collected between 2000 and 2008. Neuropsychological assessment of cognitive and motor function was carried through the use of the McCarthy Scales of Children's Abilities (MSCA) at the age of 4-5years...
November 27, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184287/gross-motor-skill-development-of-5-year-old-kindergarten-children-in-myanmar
#14
Thanda Aye, Khin Saw Oo, Myo Thuzar Khin, Tsugumi Kuramoto-Ahuja, Hitoshi Maruyama
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the gross motor skill development of 5-year-old Kindergarten children in Myanmar. [Subjects and Methods] Total 472 healthy Kindergarten children (237 males, 235 females) of 2016-2017 academic year from four schools in urban area and four schools in rural area of Myanmar were recruited. The gross motor skill development of all subjects was assessed with the test of gross motor development second edition (TGMD-2). All subjects performed two trials for each gross motor skill and the performance was video recorded and scored...
October 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184278/reliability-of-the-test-of-gross-motor-development-second-edition-tgmd-2-for-kindergarten-children-in-myanmar
#15
Thanda Aye, Khin Saw Oo, Myo Thuzar Khin, Tsugumi Kuramoto-Ahuja, Hitoshi Maruyama
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate reliability of the test of gross motor development second edition (TGMD-2) for Kindergarten children in Myanmar. [Subjects and Methods] Fifty healthy Kindergarten children (23 males, 27 females) whose parents/guardians had given written consent were participated. The subjects were explained and demonstrated all 12 gross motor skills of TGMD-2 before the assessment. Each subject individually performed two trials for each gross motor skill and the performance was video recorded...
October 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179758/developmental-performance-of-hospitalized-severely-acutely-malnourished-under-six-children-in-low-income-setting
#16
Teklu Gemechu Abessa, Liesbeth Bruckers, Patrick Kolsteren, Marita Granitzer
BACKGROUND: Retrospective studies show that severe acute malnutrition (SAM) affects child development. However, to what extent SAM affects children of different ages at its acute stage is not well documented. This study was aimed at comparing the developmental performance of severely acutely malnourished children under six with that of age and gender-matched non-malnourished healthy children. METHODS: The developmental performances of 310 children with SAM (male = 155, female = 155); mean age = 30...
November 28, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164081/delayed-development-of-feeding-skills-in-children-with-feeding-difficulties-cross-sectional-study-in-a-brazilian-reference-center
#17
Cláudia C Ramos, Priscila Maximino, Rachel H V Machado, Ana Beatriz Bozzini, Letícia W Ribeiro, Mauro Fisberg
Background: Delays in gross motor development, sensory processing issues, and organic and behavioral problems are known to interfere in the development of feeding skills (FS); and-therefore-in the success of the process of feeding a child. Children with feeding difficulties (FD) commonly present inadequacy of FS. Objectives: Assessment of five FS in Brazilian children with FD, and search of associations with types of FD. Methods: Cross-sectional study with 70 children below 10 years old...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163089/the-bachd-rat-model-of-huntington-disease-shows-specific-deficits-in-a-test-battery-of-motor-function
#18
Giuseppe Manfré, Erik K H Clemensson, Elisavet I Kyriakou, Laura E Clemensson, Johanneke E van der Harst, Judith R Homberg, Huu Phuc Nguyen
Rationale: Huntington disease (HD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by motor, cognitive and neuropsychiatric symptoms. HD is usually diagnosed by the appearance of motor deficits, resulting in skilled hand use disruption, gait abnormality, muscle wasting and choreatic movements. The BACHD transgenic rat model for HD represents a well-established transgenic rodent model of HD, offering the prospect of an in-depth characterization of the motor phenotype. Objective: The present study aims to characterize different aspects of motor function in BACHD rats, combining classical paradigms with novel high-throughput behavioral phenotyping...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150312/the-effect-of-a-physical-activity-intervention-on-preschoolers-fundamental-motor-skills-a-cluster-rct
#19
Niko S Wasenius, Kimberly P Grattan, Alysha L J Harvey, Patti-Jean Naylor, Gary S Goldfield, Kristi B Adamo
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of a physical activity intervention delivered in the childcare centres (CC), with or without a parent-driven home physical activity component, on children's fundamental motor skills (FMS). DESIGN: Six-month 3-arm cluster randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Preschoolers were recruited from 18 licensed CC. CC were randomly assigned to a typical curriculum comparison group (COM), childcare intervention alone (CC), or childcare intervention with parental component (CC+HOME)...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148568/intrathecal-baclofen-in-dyskinetic-cerebral-palsy-effects-on-function-and-activity
#20
Meta N Eek, Kristina Olsson, Karin Lindh, Berit Askljung, Magnus Påhlman, Olle Corneliusson, Kate Himmelmann
AIM: To investigate the effect of intrathecal baclofen (ITB) on function and activity in dyskinetic cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD: A retrospective cohort study of records from 25 children (15 males, 10 females; mean age 10y 11mo, SD 4y 9mo). Five were classified in Gross Motor Function Classification level IV and 20 in level V. Parents were interviewed about activities in daily life, sitting, communication, pain, sleep, and gross and fine motor function. Differences before and 1 year after ITB were graded as positive, no change, or negative...
November 17, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
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