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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647804/estimating-the-long-term-functional-burden-of-osteoporosis-related-fractures
#1
S Fischer, K A Kapinos, A Mulcahy, L Pinto, O Hayden, R Barron
Although fractures are associated with short-term reductions in functional status, there is limited information on longer-term burden of fracture. This study documents evidence of an association between fractures and significant declines and functional health and activities that persist but attenuate beyond two years. INTRODUCTION: Although fractures are associated with short-term reductions in functional status and may have other short-term effects on healthcare utilization (hospitalization and follow-up care), there is limited information on long-term burden of fracture beyond 12 to 24 months post-fracture...
June 24, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619605/the-prognostic-value-of-proton-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-in-term-newborns-treated-with-therapeutic-hypothermia-following-asphyxia
#2
Paul E Sijens, Katharina Wischniowsky, Hendrik J Ter Horst
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to correlate brain metabolism assessed shortly after therapeutic hyperthermia by (1)H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), with neurodevelopmental outcome. METHODS: At the age of 6.0±1.8days, brain metabolites of 35 term asphyxiated newborns, treated with therapeutic hypothermia, were quantified by multivoxel proton MRS of a volume cranial to the corpus callosum, containing both gray and white matter. At the age of 30months the Bayley Scale of Infant Development-III was performed...
June 12, 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616424/evaluation-of-1-year-old-children-development-in-isfahan-city-and-its-effective-factors-using-ages-and-stages-questionnaire-in-2014
#3
Mehri Rejali, Soheila Pahlavni, Akbar Hassanzadeh
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Attention to the development of children as the future generation that leads to the upbringing of productive human resources is an important subject. Development has dimensions that a child should acquire the skills related to them in proper age. Otherwise, he may be affected by developmental delays. There are different factors influencing children's developmental delays and this study is carried out to evaluate the developmental conditions of 1-year-old children in the Isfahan and its effective factors...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608149/exercise-capacity-and-self-efficacy-are-associated-with-moderate-to-vigorous-intensity-physical-activity-in-children-with-congenital-heart-disease
#4
Laura Banks, Shelly Rosenthal, Cedric Manlhiot, Chun-Po Steve Fan, Adam McKillop, Patricia E Longmuir, Brian W McCrindle
This study sought to determine whether exercise capacity, self-efficacy, and gross motor skills are associated with moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) levels in children, and if these associations differ by congenital heart disease (CHD) type. Medical history was abstracted from chart review. We assessed MVPA levels (via accelerometry), percent-predicted peak oxygen consumption ([Formula: see text] cardiopulmonary exercise test), gross motor skill percentiles (test of gross motor development version-2), and self-efficacy [children's self-perceptions of adequacy and predilection for physical activity scale (CSAPPA scale)]...
June 12, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602489/prenatal-naled-and-chlorpyrifos-exposure-is-associated-with-deficits-in-infant-motor-function-in-a-cohort-of-chinese-infants
#5
Monica K Silver, Jie Shao, Binquan Zhu, Minjian Chen, Yankai Xia, Niko Kaciroti, Betsy Lozoff, John D Meeker
BACKGROUND: Organophosphate insecticides (OPs) are used worldwide, yet despite nearly ubiquitous exposure in the general population, few have been studied outside the laboratory. Fetal brains undergo rapid growth and development, leaving them susceptible to long-term effects of neurotoxic OPs. The objective here was to investigate the extent to which prenatal exposure to OPs affects infant motor development. METHODS: 30 OPs were measured in umbilical cord blood using gas chromatography tandem mass spectrometry in a cohort of Chinese infants...
June 6, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600111/do-active-video-games-benefit-the-motor-skill-development-of-non-typically-developing-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Zoey E Page, Stephanie Barrington, Jacqueline Edwards, Lisa M Barnett
OBJECTIVES: The use of interactive video gaming, known as 'exergames' or 'active video games (AVG)' may provide an opportunity for motor skill development. Youth with non-typical patterns of development may have deficits in gross motor skill capacities and are therefore an intervention target. The aim was to determine the effectiveness of AVG use on motor skill development in non-typically developing children and adolescents. DESIGN: Review article. METHODS: The PRISMA protocol was used to conduct a systematic review of EBSCOhost, Embase, Gale Cengage, Informit, Ovid, ProQuest, PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science databases...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593124/pragmatic-evaluation-of-the-go2play-active-play-intervention-on-physical-activity-and-fundamental-movement-skills-in-children
#7
Avril Johnstone, Adrienne R Hughes, Xanne Janssen, John J Reilly
Active play is a novel approach to addressing low physical activity levels and fundamental movement skills (FMS) in children. This study aimed to determine if a new school-based, 'Go2Play Active Play' intervention improved school day physical activity and FMS. This was a pragmatic evaluation conducted in Scotland during 2015-16. Participants (n = 172; mean age = 7 years) were recruited from seven primary schools taking part in the 5-month intervention, plus 24 participants not receiving the intervention were recruited to act as a comparison group...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579797/manganese-enhanced-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-studies-of-rat-behavior-transient-motor-deficit-in-skilled-reaching-rears-and-activity-in-rats-after-a-single-dose-of-mncl2
#8
Mariam Alaverdashvili, Valerie Lapointe, Ian Q Whishaw, Albert R Cross
Manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MEMRI) has been suggested to be a useful tool to visualize and map behavior-relevant neural populations at large scale in freely behaving rodents. A primary concern in MEMRI applications is Mn(2+) toxicity. Although a few studies have specifically examined toxicity on gross motor behavior, Mn(2+) toxicity on skilled motor behavior was not explored. Thus, the objective of this study was to combine manganese as a functional contrast agent with comprehensive behavior evaluation...
2017: Magnetic Resonance Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542319/shared-and-differentiated-motor-skill-impairments-in-children-with-dyslexia-and-or-attention-deficit-disorder-from-simple-to-complex-sequential-coordination
#9
Marie-Ève Marchand-Krynski, Olivier Morin-Moncet, Anne-Marie Bélanger, Miriam H Beauchamp, Gabriel Leonard
Dyslexia and Attention deficit disorder (AD) are prevalent neurodevelopmental conditions in children and adolescents. They have high comorbidity rates and have both been associated with motor difficulties. Little is known, however, about what is shared or differentiated in dyslexia and AD in terms of motor abilities. Even when motor skill problems are identified, few studies have used the same measurement tools, resulting in inconstant findings. The present study assessed increasingly complex gross motor skills in children and adolescents with dyslexia, AD, and with both Dyslexia and AD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533005/risk-factors-for-daytime-or-combined-incontinence-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#10
Bieke Samijn, Christine Van den Broeck, Ellen Deschepper, Catherine Renson, Piet Hoebeke, Frank Plasschaert, Johan Vande Walle, Erik Van Laecke
PURPOSE: To identify risk factors for daytime or combined urinary incontinence (UI) in children with cerebral palsy (CP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional case-control study was conducted including children with CP with or without UI from the CP-Reference Centre at *** (blinded for review) and two associated special education schools. Factors were subdivided in three clusters, namely demographic and general medical data, CP classification and bladder and bowel dysfunction...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526673/the-effectiveness-of-a-computer-game-based-rehabilitation-platform-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-protocol-for-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Anuprita Kanitkar, Tony Szturm, Sanjay Parmar, Dorcas Bc Gandhi, Gina Ruth Rempel, Gayle Restall, Monika Sharma, Amitesh Narayan, Jeyaraj Pandian, Nilashri Naik, Ravi R Savadatti, Mahesh Appasaheb Kamate
BACKGROUND: It is difficult to engage young children with cerebral palsy (CP) in repetitive, tedious therapy. As such, there is a need for innovative approaches and tools to motivate these children. We developed the low-cost, computer game-based rehabilitation platform CGR that combines fine manipulation and gross movement exercises with attention and planning game activities appropriate for young children with CP. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to provide evidence of the therapeutic value of CGR to improve upper extremity (UE) motor function for children with CP...
May 18, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516192/the-value-of-gesell-score-in-predicting-the-outcome-of-cochlear-implantation-in-children
#12
Yang Yang, Liu Haihong, Zheng Jun, Chen Min, Li Ying, Hao Jinsheng, Liu Wei, Zhang Jie, Ni Xin
The purpose is to determine the value of preoperative evaluation on developmental levels using Gesell score in predicting the postoperative outcome in pediatric cochlear implantation (CI) recipients. 78 children who underwent CI were included in our study. Age at the time of CI ranged from 6 to 67 months. The Gesell score including adaptability, fine motor, gross motor, language, and social skill was used for evaluating the patients' developmental levels before the CI, and a developmental quotient (DQ) was calculated by the following formula: (developmental age/actual age) × 100...
May 17, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515161/suboptimal-maternal-iodine-intake-is-associated-with-impaired-child-neurodevelopment-at-3-years-of-age-in-the-norwegian-mother-and-child-cohort-study
#13
Marianne H Abel, Ida H Caspersen, Helle Margrete Meltzer, Margaretha Haugen, Ragnhild E Brandlistuen, Heidi Aase, Jan Alexander, Liv E Torheim, Anne-Lise Brantsæter
Background: Severe iodine deficiency in pregnancy has major effects on child neurodevelopment, but less is known about the potential consequences of mild-to-moderate deficiency and iodine supplement use.Objective: We explored the associations between maternal iodine intake and child neurodevelopment at 3 y of age and the potential impact of maternal intake of iodine from supplements on the same outcomes.Methods: This population-based prospective observational study included 48,297 mother-child pairs recruited during pregnancy from 2002 to 2008...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509631/improving-balance-mobility-and-dual-task-performance-in-an-adolescent-with-cerebral-palsy-a-case-report
#14
Sarah Fisher-Pipher, Lisa K Kenyon, Marci Westman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Improving functional mobility is often a desired outcome for adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP). Traditional neurorehabilitation approaches are frequently directed at impairments; however, improvements may not be carried over into functional mobility. The purpose of this case report was to describe the examination, intervention, and outcomes of a task-oriented physical therapy intervention program to improve dynamic balance, functional mobility, and dual-task performance in an adolescent with CP...
July 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507981/a-quasi-experimental-study-of-a-movement-and-preliteracy-program-for-3-and-4-year-old-children
#15
Chloe Bedard, Emily Bremer, Wenonah Campbell, John Cairney
OBJECTIVE: Approximately 28% of children are not ready for kindergarten, 91% are inactive according to current guidelines, and 21% are overweight/obese. Early intervention to strengthen movement and preliteracy skills may help to curb the concerning rates of poor school readiness, inactivity, obesity, and subsequently positively impact health across the lifespan. The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a motor and preliteracy skill program for a community sample of 3- to 4-year-old children...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502837/use-of-technology-to-facilitate-physical-activity-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-pilot-study
#16
Melissa D Bittner, B Rhett Rigby, Lisa Silliman-French, David L Nichols, Suzanna R Dillon
Deficits in social behavior and communication skills are correlated with reduced gross motor skills in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The ExerciseBuddy application (EB app) was designed to communicate these motor skills to those with ASD and integrates evidence-based practices such as visual support and video modeling supported by The National Professional Development Center on Autism Spectrum Disorders. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the EB app in facilitating increased physiologic responses to physical activity via a continuous measurement of energy expenditure and heart rate versus practice-style teaching methods in children with ASD...
May 11, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473257/stress-and-corticosterone-alter-synaptic-plasticity-in-a-rat-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#17
YongXin Hao, Aref Shabanpoor, Gerlinde A Metz
As a major influence on neuronal function and plasticity, chronic stress can affect the progression and symptoms of neurodegenerative conditions, such as Parkinson's disease (PD). Here we investigated the influence of unilateral dopamine depletion and stress on dopamine-related hallmarks of stress response and neuronal plasticity in a rat model of PD. Animals received either restraint stress or a combination of adrenalectomy and corticosterone (CORT) supplementation to clamp circulating glucocorticoid levels for three weeks prior to unilateral nigrostriatal dopamine depletion...
June 9, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440577/variable-developmental-delays-and-characteristic-facial-features-a-novel-7p22-3p22-2-microdeletion-syndrome
#18
Andrea C Yu, Regina M Zambrano, Ingrid Cristian, Sue Price, Birgitta Bernhard, Marc Zucker, Sunita Venkateswaran, Jean McGowan-Jordan, Christine M Armour
Isolated 7p22.3p22.2 deletions are rarely described with only two reports in the literature. Most other reported cases either involve a much larger region of the 7p arm or have an additional copy number variation. Here, we report five patients with overlapping microdeletions at 7p22.3p22.2. The patients presented with variable developmental delays, exhibiting relative weaknesses in expressive language skills and relative strengths in gross, and fine motor skills. The most consistent facial features seen in these patients included a broad nasal root, a prominent forehead a prominent glabella and arched eyebrows...
June 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435631/the-impact-of-kinesio-taping-technique-on-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#19
REVIEW
Alireza Shamsoddini, Zabihallah Rasti, Minoo Kalantari, Mohammad Taghi Hollisaz, Vahid Sobhani, Hamid Dalvand, Mohammad Kazem Bakhshandeh-Bali
Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common movement disorder in children that is associated with life-long disability and multiple impairments. The clinical manifestations of CP vary among children. CP is accompanied by a wide range of problems and has a broad spectrum. Children with CP demonstrate poor fine and dross motor function due to psychomotor disturbances. Early rehabilitation programs are essential for children with CP and should be appropriate for the age and functional condition of the patients. Kinesio taping (KT) technique is a relatively new technique applied in rehabilitation programs of CP...
October 7, 2016: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425223/three-families-with-mild-pmm2-cdg-and-normal-cognitive-development
#20
Mari-Anne Vals, Eva Morava, Kai Teeäär, Riina Zordania, Sander Pajusalu, Dirk J Lefeber, Katrin Õunap
Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) are caused by defective glycosylation of proteins and lipids. PMM2-CDG is the most common subtype among the CDG. The severity of PMM2-CDG is variable. Patients often have a recognizable phenotype with neurological and multisystem symptoms that might cause early death. We report six patients from three families who are diagnosed with a clinically mild PMM2-CDG and have normal cognitive development. All these patients had delayed gross motor skills with mild-to-moderate neurological findings...
June 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
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