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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619605/the-prognostic-value-of-proton-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-in-term-newborns-treated-with-therapeutic-hypothermia-following-asphyxia
#1
Paul E Sijens, Katharina Wischniowsky, Hendrik J Ter Horst
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to correlate brain metabolism assessed shortly after therapeutic hyperthermia by (1)H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), with neurodevelopmental outcome. METHODS: At the age of 6.0±1.8days, brain metabolites of 35 term asphyxiated newborns, treated with therapeutic hypothermia, were quantified by multivoxel proton MRS of a volume cranial to the corpus callosum, containing both gray and white matter. At the age of 30months the Bayley Scale of Infant Development-III was performed...
June 12, 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619292/psychophysiological-response-in-parachute-jumps-the-effect-of-experience-and-type-of-jump
#2
Vicente Javier Clemente-Suárez, José Juan Robles-Pérez, Jesús Fernández-Lucas
We aimed to analyse the effect of experience and type of parachute jump on the psychophysiological responses of jumpers. We analysed blood oxygen saturation, heart rate, blood glucose, lactate and creatinkinase, leg strength, isometric hand strength, cortical arousal, specific fine motor skills, self-confidence and cognition, and somatic and state anxiety, before and after four different parachute jumps: a sport parachute jump, a manual tactical parachute jump, tandem pilots, and tandem passengers. Independently of the parachute jump, the psychophysiological responses of experienced paratroopers were not affected by the jumps, except for an increase in anaerobic metabolism...
June 13, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616424/evaluation-of-1-year-old-children-development-in-isfahan-city-and-its-effective-factors-using-ages-and-stages-questionnaire-in-2014
#3
Mehri Rejali, Soheila Pahlavni, Akbar Hassanzadeh
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Attention to the development of children as the future generation that leads to the upbringing of productive human resources is an important subject. Development has dimensions that a child should acquire the skills related to them in proper age. Otherwise, he may be affected by developmental delays. There are different factors influencing children's developmental delays and this study is carried out to evaluate the developmental conditions of 1-year-old children in the Isfahan and its effective factors...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608521/cultural-entrainment-of-motor-skill-development-learning-to-write-hiragana-in-japanese-primary-school
#4
Tetsushi Nonaka
The aim of the present study was to examine how the social norms shared in a classroom environment influence the development of movement dynamics of handwriting of children who participate in the environment. To look into this issue, the following aspects of the entire period of classroom learning of hiragana letters in Japanese 1st graders who had just entered primary school were studied: First, the structure of classroom events and the specific types of interaction and learning within such environment were described...
June 13, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602489/prenatal-naled-and-chlorpyrifos-exposure-is-associated-with-deficits-in-infant-motor-function-in-a-cohort-of-chinese-infants
#5
Monica K Silver, Jie Shao, Binquan Zhu, Minjian Chen, Yankai Xia, Niko Kaciroti, Betsy Lozoff, John D Meeker
BACKGROUND: Organophosphate insecticides (OPs) are used worldwide, yet despite nearly ubiquitous exposure in the general population, few have been studied outside the laboratory. Fetal brains undergo rapid growth and development, leaving them susceptible to long-term effects of neurotoxic OPs. The objective here was to investigate the extent to which prenatal exposure to OPs affects infant motor development. METHODS: 30 OPs were measured in umbilical cord blood using gas chromatography tandem mass spectrometry in a cohort of Chinese infants...
June 6, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600111/do-active-video-games-benefit-the-motor-skill-development-of-non-typically-developing-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Zoey E Page, Stephanie Barrington, Jacqueline Edwards, Lisa M Barnett
OBJECTIVES: The use of interactive video gaming, known as 'exergames' or 'active video games (AVG)' may provide an opportunity for motor skill development. Youth with non-typical patterns of development may have deficits in gross motor skill capacities and are therefore an intervention target. The aim was to determine the effectiveness of AVG use on motor skill development in non-typically developing children and adolescents. DESIGN: Review article. METHODS: The PRISMA protocol was used to conduct a systematic review of EBSCOhost, Embase, Gale Cengage, Informit, Ovid, ProQuest, PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science databases...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582693/analysis-of-the-pen-pressure-and-grip-force-signal-during-basic-drawing-tasks-the-timing-and-speed-changes-impact-drawing-characteristics
#7
Arthur Gatouillat, Antoine Dumortier, Subashan Perera, Youakim Badr, Claudine Gehin, Ervin Sejdić
Writing is a complex fine and trained motor skill, involving complex biomechanical and cognitive processes. In this paper, we propose the study of writing kinetics using three angles: the pen-tip normal force, the total grip force signal and eventually writing quality assessment. In order to collect writing kinetics data, we designed a sensor collecting these characteristics simultaneously. Ten healthy right-handed adults were recruited and were asked to perform four tasks: first, they were instructed to draw circles at a speed they considered comfortable; they then were instructed to draw circles at a speed they regarded as fast; afterwards, they repeated the comfortable task compelled to follow the rhythm of a metronome; and eventually they performed the fast task under the same timing constraints...
May 22, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578819/home-based-training-for-dexterity-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Tim Vanbellingen, Thomas Nyffeler, Julia Nigg, Jorina Janssens, Johanna Hoppe, Tobias Nef, René M Müri, Erwin E H van Wegen, Gert Kwakkel, Stephan Bohlhalter
BACKGROUND: Patients with Parkinson's disease exhibit disturbed manual dexterity. This impairment leads to difficulties in activities of daily living, such as buttoning a shirt or hand-writing. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of a home-based dexterity program on fine motor skills in a single-blinded, randomized controlled trial, in patients with Parkinson's disease. METHODS: One hundred and three patients with Parkinson's disease (aged between 48 and 80 years, Hoehn & Yahr stage I-IV) were randomized to either a home-based dexterity program (HOMEDEXT) or Thera-band program...
May 25, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526673/the-effectiveness-of-a-computer-game-based-rehabilitation-platform-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-protocol-for-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Anuprita Kanitkar, Tony Szturm, Sanjay Parmar, Dorcas Bc Gandhi, Gina Ruth Rempel, Gayle Restall, Monika Sharma, Amitesh Narayan, Jeyaraj Pandian, Nilashri Naik, Ravi R Savadatti, Mahesh Appasaheb Kamate
BACKGROUND: It is difficult to engage young children with cerebral palsy (CP) in repetitive, tedious therapy. As such, there is a need for innovative approaches and tools to motivate these children. We developed the low-cost, computer game-based rehabilitation platform CGR that combines fine manipulation and gross movement exercises with attention and planning game activities appropriate for young children with CP. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to provide evidence of the therapeutic value of CGR to improve upper extremity (UE) motor function for children with CP...
May 18, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516192/the-value-of-gesell-score-in-predicting-the-outcome-of-cochlear-implantation-in-children
#10
Yang Yang, Liu Haihong, Zheng Jun, Chen Min, Li Ying, Hao Jinsheng, Liu Wei, Zhang Jie, Ni Xin
The purpose is to determine the value of preoperative evaluation on developmental levels using Gesell score in predicting the postoperative outcome in pediatric cochlear implantation (CI) recipients. 78 children who underwent CI were included in our study. Age at the time of CI ranged from 6 to 67 months. The Gesell score including adaptability, fine motor, gross motor, language, and social skill was used for evaluating the patients' developmental levels before the CI, and a developmental quotient (DQ) was calculated by the following formula: (developmental age/actual age) × 100...
May 17, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515161/suboptimal-maternal-iodine-intake-is-associated-with-impaired-child-neurodevelopment-at-3-years-of-age-in-the-norwegian-mother-and-child-cohort-study
#11
Marianne H Abel, Ida H Caspersen, Helle Margrete Meltzer, Margaretha Haugen, Ragnhild E Brandlistuen, Heidi Aase, Jan Alexander, Liv E Torheim, Anne-Lise Brantsæter
Background: Severe iodine deficiency in pregnancy has major effects on child neurodevelopment, but less is known about the potential consequences of mild-to-moderate deficiency and iodine supplement use.Objective: We explored the associations between maternal iodine intake and child neurodevelopment at 3 y of age and the potential impact of maternal intake of iodine from supplements on the same outcomes.Methods: This population-based prospective observational study included 48,297 mother-child pairs recruited during pregnancy from 2002 to 2008...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512858/comprehension-of-handwriting-development-pen-grip-kinetics-in-handwriting-tasks-and-its-relation-to-fine-motor-skills-among-school-age-children
#12
Yu-Chen Lin, Yen-Li Chao, Shyi-Kuen Wu, Ho-Hsio Lin, Chieh-Hsiang Hsu, Hsiao-Man Hsu, Li-Chieh Kuo
BACKGROUND/AIM: Numerous tools have been developed to evaluate handwriting performances by analysing written products. However, few studies have directly investigated kinetic performances of digits when holding a pen. This study thus attempts to investigate pen-grip kinetics during writing tasks of school-age children and explore the relationship between the kinetic factors and fine motor skills. METHODS: This study recruited 181 children aged from 5 to 12 years old and investigated the effects of age on handwriting kinetics and the relationship between these and fine motor skills...
May 16, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502698/effectiveness-of-a-fine-motor-skills-rehabilitation-program-on-upper-limb-disability-manual-dexterity-pinch-strength-range-of-fingers-motion-performance-in-activities-of-daily-living-functional-independency-and-general-self-efficacy-in-hand-osteoarthritis-a
#13
Jose Manuel Pérez-Mármol, Ma Carmen García-Ríos, María Azucena Ortega-Valdivieso, Enrique Elías Cano-Deltell, María Isabel Peralta-Ramírez, Kelly Ickmans, María Encarnación Aguilar-Ferrándiz
STUDY DESIGN: A randomized clinical trial. INTRODUCTION: Rehabilitation treatments for improving fine motor skills (FMS) in hand osteoarthritis (HOA) have not been well explored yet. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To assess the effectiveness of a rehabilitation program on upper limb disability, independence of activities of daily living (ADLs), fine motor abilities, functional independency, and general self-efficacy in older adults with HOA. METHODS: About 45 adults (74-86 years) with HOA were assigned to an experimental group for completing an FMS intervention or a control group receiving conventional occupational therapy...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501968/effect-of-parachute-jump-in-the-psychophysiological-response-of-soldiers-in-urban-combat
#14
Joaquín Sánchez-Molina, José J Robles-Pérez, Vicente J Clemente-Suárez
The study of organic and psychological response during combat situations has been poorly reported despite its importance for soldiers training and specific instruction, so it was proposed as aim of the present investigation to analyze the effect of a tactical parachute simulated jump in psycho-physiological response of paratroopers' warfighters during an urban combat simulation. 19 male paratroopers (31.9 ± 6.2 year old; 173.6 ± 5.3 cm; 73.8 ± 8.3 Kg) of the Spanish Army were divided in two groups: parachute jump group (n:11) that conducted a simulated parachute jump and a urban combat maneuver and a non-parachute jump group (n:8) that only conducted an urban combat maneuver...
June 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490842/the-need-for-virtual-reality-simulators-in-dental-education-a-review
#15
REVIEW
Elby Roy, Mahmoud M Bakr, Roy George
Virtual reality simulators are becoming an essential part of modern education. The benefits of Virtual reality in dentistry is constantly being assessed as a method or an adjunct to improve fine motor skills, hand-eye coordination in pre-clinical settings and overcome the monetary and intellectual challenges involved with such training. This article, while providing an overview of the virtual reality dental simulators, also looks at the link between virtual reality simulation and current pedagogical knowledge...
April 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468268/an-instrumented-glove-to-assess-manual-dexterity-in-simulation-based-neurosurgical-education
#16
Juan Diego Lemos, Alher Mauricio Hernandez, Georges Soto-Romero
The traditional neurosurgical apprenticeship scheme includes the assessment of trainee's manual skills carried out by experienced surgeons. However, the introduction of surgical simulation technology presents a new paradigm where residents can refine surgical techniques on a simulator before putting them into practice in real patients. Unfortunately, in this new scheme, an experienced surgeon will not always be available to evaluate trainee's performance. For this reason, it is necessary to develop automatic mechanisms to estimate metrics for assessing manual dexterity in a quantitative way...
April 29, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462609/the-effects-of-double-gloving-on-microsurgical-skills
#17
Scott A Hardison, Grace Pyon, Audrey Le, Wen Wan, Daniel H Coelho
Objective To determine whether double gloving would negatively affect participants' ability to perform a simulated microsurgical task. Study Design Randomized single-blinded controlled crossover trial. Setting Temporal bone laboratory of an academic otolaryngology department. Subjects and Methods This study involved the simulated insertion of a stapes prosthesis into a model of the ossicular chain under microscopy. Forty-one participants were recruited from our medical and dental school and randomized into 2 groups...
April 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448557/are-sex-differences-in-fundamental-motor-skills-uniform-throughout-the-entire-preschool-period
#18
Jakub Kokštejn, Martin Musálek, James J Tufano
The aim of this study was to assess differences in fundamental motor skills (FMS) proficiency between boys and girls of each age group, independently, across the entire preschool period. Using the Movement Assessment Battery for Children-second edition, FMS proficiency was tested in 325 preschoolers (4.9 ± 1.1 y, range 3-6) using a cross-sectional design. Compared to boys of the same age, 3- and 4-year-old girls had greater total (p < .01), fine motor skill (p < .01), and balance scores (p < .05)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440577/variable-developmental-delays-and-characteristic-facial-features-a-novel-7p22-3p22-2-microdeletion-syndrome
#19
Andrea C Yu, Regina M Zambrano, Ingrid Cristian, Sue Price, Birgitta Bernhard, Marc Zucker, Sunita Venkateswaran, Jean McGowan-Jordan, Christine M Armour
Isolated 7p22.3p22.2 deletions are rarely described with only two reports in the literature. Most other reported cases either involve a much larger region of the 7p arm or have an additional copy number variation. Here, we report five patients with overlapping microdeletions at 7p22.3p22.2. The patients presented with variable developmental delays, exhibiting relative weaknesses in expressive language skills and relative strengths in gross, and fine motor skills. The most consistent facial features seen in these patients included a broad nasal root, a prominent forehead a prominent glabella and arched eyebrows...
June 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435631/the-impact-of-kinesio-taping-technique-on-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#20
REVIEW
Alireza Shamsoddini, Zabihallah Rasti, Minoo Kalantari, Mohammad Taghi Hollisaz, Vahid Sobhani, Hamid Dalvand, Mohammad Kazem Bakhshandeh-Bali
Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common movement disorder in children that is associated with life-long disability and multiple impairments. The clinical manifestations of CP vary among children. CP is accompanied by a wide range of problems and has a broad spectrum. Children with CP demonstrate poor fine and dross motor function due to psychomotor disturbances. Early rehabilitation programs are essential for children with CP and should be appropriate for the age and functional condition of the patients. Kinesio taping (KT) technique is a relatively new technique applied in rehabilitation programs of CP...
October 7, 2016: Iranian Journal of Neurology
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