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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647550/longitudinal-prediction-of-quality-of-life-scores-and-locomotion-in-individuals-with-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury
#1
Shivayogi V Hiremath, Nathan S Hogaboom, Melissa R Roscher, Lynn A Worobey, Michelle L Oyster, Michael L Boninger
OBJECTIVES: The study examined differences in quality of life scores for groups based on transitions in locomotion status at 1, 5, and 10 years post-discharge in a sample of people with spinal cord injury (SCI). We also investigated whether demographic factors and transitions in locomotion status can predict quality of life measures at these time points. DESIGN: Retrospective case study of the National SCI Database. SETTING: Model SCI Systems Centers...
June 21, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643931/clinical-effectiveness-of-late-maxillary-protraction-in-cleft-lip-and-palate-a-methods-paper
#2
M K Lee, C Lane, F Azeredo, M Landsberger, H Kapadia, B Sheller, S L Yen
OBJECTIVES: A prospective parallel cohort trial was conducted to compare outcomes of patients treated with maxillary protraction vs LeFort 1 maxillary advancement surgery. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: The primary site for the clinical trial is Children's Hospital Los Angeles; the satellite test site is Seattle Children's Hospital. All patients have isolated cleft lip and palate and a skeletal Class III malocclusion. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 50 patients, ages 11-14, will be recruited for the maxillary protraction cohort...
June 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641038/interaction-of-tinnitus-suppression-and-hearing-ability-after-cochlear-implantation
#3
Qian Wang, Jia-Nan Li, Guan-Xiong Lei, Dai-Shi Chen, Wei-Ze Wang, Ai-Ting Chen, Meng-Di Mong, Sun Li, Qing-Shan Jiao, Shi-Ming Yang
OBJECTIVES: To study the postoperative impact of cochlear implants (CIs) on tinnitus, as well as the impact of tinnitus on speech recognition with CI switched on. METHODS: Fifty-two postlingual deafened CI recipients (21 males and 31 females) were assessed using an established Tinnitus Characteristics Questionnaire and Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) before and after cochlear implantation. The tinnitus loudness was investigated when CI was switched on and off in CI recipients with persistent tinnitus...
June 22, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631805/drug-therapy-for-chronic-idiopathic-axonal-polyneuropathy
#4
REVIEW
Janna Warendorf, Alexander Fje Vrancken, Ivo N van Schaik, Richard Ac Hughes, Nicolette C Notermans
BACKGROUND: Chronic idiopathic axonal polyneuropathy (CIAP) is an insidiously progressive sensory or sensorimotor polyneuropathy that affects elderly people. Although severe disability or handicap does not occur, CIAP reduces quality of life. CIAP is diagnosed in 10% to 25% of people referred for evaluation of polyneuropathy. There is a need to gather and review emerging evidence on treatments, as the number of people affected is likely to increase in ageing populations. This is an update of a review first published in 2004 and previously updated in 2006, 2008, 2011 and 2013...
June 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629784/-from-paediatric-urological-care-to-adult-urology-assessment-of-a-transition-consultation-for-adolescents
#5
L Even, S Mouttalib, J Moscovici, M Soulie, P Rischmann, X Game, P Galinier, O Bouali
To provide an adequate lifelong urological care in the complex period of adolescence, a transition consultation conducted by a paediatric surgeon and an urologist was developed in our institution. As a real rite of passage, it allows the follow-up and the adapted care of urological conditions, sometimes complex, and permits the transition between childhood and the world of grown-ups. We reported our experience at the Children Hospital of our institution (paediatric surgery and urology departments). During a 6 months period (January-July 2015), forty-five young adults with a mean age of 17...
June 16, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625091/factors-related-to-tinnitus-and-hyperacusis-handicap-in-older-people
#6
Hashir Aazh, Karen Lammaing, Brian C J Moore
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to assess factors related to tinnitus and hyperacusis handicap in older people. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional. STUDY SAMPLE: Data were gathered for 184 patients with an average age of 69 years. RESULTS: Tinnitus handicap as measured via the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) was significantly predicted by tinnitus annoyance as measured via the visual analogue scale (VAS) (regression coefficient, b = 2...
June 18, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624826/voice-handicap-index-in-persian-speakers-with-various-severities-of-hearing-loss
#7
Ozra Aghadoost, Negin Moradi, Payman Dabirmoghaddam, Alireza Aghadoost, Ehsan Naderifar, Siavash Mohammadi Dehbokri
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess and compare the total score and subscale scores of the Voice Handicap Index (VHI) in speakers with and without hearing loss. A further aim was to determine if a correlation exists between severities of hearing loss with total scores and VHI subscale scores. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional, descriptive analytical study, 100 participants, divided in 2 groups of participants with and without hearing loss, were studied...
June 17, 2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622055/factors-related-to-uncomfortable-loudness-levels-for-patients-seen-in-a-tinnitus-and-hyperacusis-clinic
#8
Hashir Aazh, Brian C J Moore
OBJECTIVES: The aims were as follows: (1) to explore patterns of uncomfortable loudness levels (ULLs) across frequency and their associated factors for patients with tinnitus and hyperacusis, and (2) to re-evaluate the criteria for diagnosing hyperacusis based on ULLs and scores for the Hyperacusis Questionnaire (HQ). DESIGN: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study. STUDY SAMPLE: 573 consecutive patients for whom ULLs had been measured were included...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616045/development-of-the-persian-version-of-the-vertigo-symptom-scale-validity-and-reliability
#9
Atefeh Kamalvand, Mansoureh Adel Ghahraman, Shohreh Jalaie
BACKGROUND: Vertigo Symptom Scale (VSS) is a proper instrument for assessing the patient status, clarifying the symptoms, and examining the relative impact of the vertigo and anxiety on reported handicap. Our aim is the translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the VSS into Persian language (VSS-P) and investigating its validity and reliability in patients with peripheral vestibular disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: VSS was translated into Persian. Cross-cultural adaptation was carried out on 101 patients with peripheral vestibular disorders and 34 participants with no history of vertigo...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615544/evidence-of-associations-between-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-bdnf-serum-levels-and-gene-polymorphisms-with-tinnitus
#10
Aysun Coskunoglu, Seda Orenay-Boyacioglu, Artuner Deveci, Mustafa Bayam, Ece Onur, Arzu Onan, Fethi S Cam
BACKGROUND: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene polymorphisms are associated with abnormalities in regulation of BDNF secretion. Studies also linked BDNF polymorphisms with changes in brainstem auditory-evoked response test results. Furthermore, BDNF levels are reduced in tinnitus, psychiatric disorders, depression, dysthymic disorder that may be associated with stress, conversion disorder, and suicide attempts due to crises of life. For this purpose, we investigated whether there is any role of BDNF changes in the pathophysiology of tinnitus...
May 2017: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614844/the-effectiveness-of-the-progression-of-widex-zen-tinnitus-therapy-a-pilot-study
#11
Richard S Tyler, Aniruddha K Deshpande, Chi C Lau, Francis Kuk
Purpose: The aim of this study was to measure the progression of benefits to individuals with tinnitus from providing informational counseling, hearing aids, a brief tinnitus activities treatment and Zen therapy. Method: Several magnitude estimation scales and tinnitus handicap scales were administered for the duration of the study to 20 participants. Results: Results indicated that all participants benefited from this sequential approach of providing different components of this tinnitus treatment...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614234/motion-based-equilibrium-reprocessing-therapy-a-novel-treatment-method-for-chronic-peripheral-vestibulopathies-a-pilot-study
#12
Mirke S Hondebrink, Agali Mert, Roos van der Lint, J Alexander de Ru, Peter van der Wurff
Rehabilitation for vestibular disease is a safe method to partially alleviate symptoms of vertigo. It was hypothesized that principles of military aviation vestibular desensitization procedures that have a success rate of more than 80% can be extrapolated to chronic vestibular disease as well.The virtual reality motion base computer-assisted rehabilitation environment was used as treatment modality in 17 patients. They were exposed to sinusoidal vertical passive whole body motion in increasing intensity for a maximum of 12 sessions...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607897/a-comparative-study-of-pharyngeal-repair-in-two-layers-versus-three-layers-following-total-laryngectomy-in-carcinoma-of-larynx
#13
Asok K Saha, Saikat Samaddar, Avijit Choudhury, Abir Chaudhury, Nirmalya Roy
Larynx is the second most common site for cancer in the upper aerodigestive tract. One of the dreaded complications following total laryngectomy has been pharyngo cutaneous fistula (PCF). PCF merits special attention due to its significant negative impact on the recovery process. Total laryngectomy profoundly alters speech. Effective voice restoration is essential for the rehabilitation of these patients. Inadequate consensus exists as to the best technique of pharyngeal repair to decrease incidence of PCF and ensure good quality voice following total laryngectomy...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602058/development-and-evaluation-of-a-korean-version-of-a-thyroid-specific-quality-of-life-questionnaire-scale-in-thyroid-cancer-patients
#14
Chang Hwan Ryu, Boram Park, Junsun Ryu, Youn Mi Ryu, Seong Ae Jo, You Jin Lee, Eun-Kyung Lee, Yul Hwangbo, Jungnam Joo, Yuh-Seog Jung
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop a Korean version of the self-reported thyroid specific quality of life (QoL) questionnaire for thyroid cancer patients (KT-QoL), and to evaluate its reliability and validity. Materials and Methods: Two hundred seventy-two patients who underwent thyroidectomy from January to December 2010 were recruited in this study. The original version of the Thyroid QoL (T-QoL) was translated into Korean and evaluated for its reliability and validity...
May 26, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598601/designing-air-stable-o3-type-cathode-materials-by-combined-structure-modulation-for-na-ion-batteries
#15
Hu-Rong Yao, Peng-Fei Wang, Yue Gong, Jienan Zhang, Xiqian Yu, Lin Gu, Chuying Ouyang, Ya-Xia Yin, Enyuan Hu, Xiao-Qing Yang, Eli Stavitski, Yu-Guo Guo, Li-Jun Wan
As promising high-capacity cathode materials for Na-ion batteries, O3-type Na-based metal oxides always suffer from their poor air stability originating from the spontaneous extraction of Na and oxidation of transition metals when exposed to air. Herein, a combined structure modulation is proposed to concurrently tackle the two handicaps via reducing Na layers spacing and simultaneously increasing valance state of transition metals. Guided by density functional theory calculations, we demonstrate that such a modulation can be subtly realized through co-substitution of one kind of heteroatom with comparable electronegativity and another one with substantially different Fermi level, by adjusting the structure of NaNi0...
June 9, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598462/an-experience-of-optimizing-a-community-based-micro-insurance-model-to-bridge-the-gap-between-treatment-cost-and-ability-to-pay-at-bpkihs
#16
N Kumar, S Koirala, M Varma
In the year 2001 the leaders of BPKIHS started a micro social insurance scheme; Social Health Insurance (SHI) for prospective research. It is a method of financing and managing health care using compulsory contributions from employers, employees and may be from the government. Household members from organized groups in catchment areas enrolled voluntarily. Photographed service cards were issued entitled for free IPD/OPD consultations, investigations and bed charges excluding CT scans and specialty treatment...
January 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597960/prevalence-of-malocclusion-in-individuals-with-and-without-intellectual-disability-a-comparative-study
#17
Joana P Cabrita, Maria de Fátima Bizarra, Sandra Ribeiro Graça
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence malocclusion between individuals with intellectual disability (ID) and a control group without disability (NID). METHODS: A total of 202 individuals (123 with ID and 79 with no impairment) were included in the study. Data were collected through oral examinations using the Angle classification of malocclusion and the dental aesthetic index (DAI). RESULTS: According to Angle's classification of malocclusion, it was found that 37...
June 9, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597066/effects-of-fat-grafting-containing-stem-cells-in-microstomia-and-microcheilia-derived-from-systemic-sclerosis
#18
Oskar Blezien, Francesco D'Andrea, Giovanni Francesco Nicoletti, Giuseppe Andrea Ferraro
BACKGROUND: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease with multisystem involvement, dominated by a general fibrosis. The early stage of the disease is associated with progressive damage to microcirculation, particularly in the respiratory tract, the gastrointestinal tract and skin. The face assumes a typical appearance characterized by microstomia (reduction of mouth opening) and microcheilia (thinning of the lips). These conditions cause a considerable reduction in performance status of patients...
June 8, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596098/acoustic-analysis-of-voice-and-electroglottography-in-patients-with-laryngopharyngeal-reflux
#19
Daphne Anahit Morales Ramírez, Víctor Manuel Valadez Jiménez, Xochiquetzal Hernández López, Pablo Antonio Ysunza
BACKGROUND: Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) refers to the flow of gastric acid content into the laryngopharynx. It has been reported that 10% of the patients consulting an otolaryngologist present with this condition. Signs of LPR can be identified during flexible or rigid laryngoscopy. The Voice Handicap Index (VHI) is a reliable tool for detecting the impact of voice disorders, and acoustic assessment of voice including acoustic analysis of voice (AAV) and electroglottography (EGG) provide objective data of voice production and voice disorders...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596097/menstrual-cycle-vocal-performance-and-laryngeal-vascular-appearance-an-observational-study-on-17-subjects
#20
Hagit Shoffel-Havakuk, Narin N Carmel-Neiderman, Doron Halperin, Yael Shapira Galitz, Dan Levin, Yaara Haimovich, Oded Cohen, Jean Abitbol, Yonatan Lahav
OBJECTIVE: To assess the anatomical and functional features of the vocal folds during different phases of the female menstrual cycle. METHODS: An observational study of 17 healthy fertile female volunteers not using hormonal contraception was carried out. Each volunteer underwent two examinations: first, during the early days of the menstrual cycle when progesterone levels are low (p-depletion), and second, during premenstruation when progesterone levels are high (p-peak)...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
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