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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549624/multiparametric-assessment-of-voice-quality-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-undergoing-microlaryngeal-surgery-correlation-between-subjective-and-objective-methods
#1
Anna Rzepakowska, Ewelina Sielska-Badurek, Ewa Osuch-Wójcikiewicz, Kazimierz Niemczyk
The aim of the study was to estimate voice defect and the quality of life deterioration in patients with different laryngeal pathologies qualified for microsurgery treatment. The results of videolaryngostroboscopy (VLS), perception, aerodynamics, acoustics, Dysphonia Severity Index, Voice Handicap Index (VHI), and the World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale Brief Version before microsurgery were analyzed. There were 151 patients enrolled in the study. There were 86 patients in group 1 (benign lesions), 34 in group 2 (premalignant conditions), and 31 in group 3 (malignant neoplasms)...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546507/individual-quality-as-sensitivity-to-cysteine-availability-in-a-melanin-based-honest-signalling-system
#2
Ismael Galván, Carlos Alonso-Alvarez
The evolution of honest animal communication is mostly understood through the handicap principle, which is intrinsically dependent on the concept of individual quality: low-quality individuals are prevented from producing high-quality signals because if they did so, they would pay greater production costs than high-quality individuals. We tested an alternative explanation for the black bib size of male house sparrows Passer domesticus, an honest signal of quality whose expression is negatively related to levels of the pigment pheomelanin in its contituent feathers...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543062/an-adaptive-vestibular-rehabilitation-technique
#3
Benjamin T Crane, Michael C Schubert
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: There is a large variation in vestibular rehabilitation (VR) results depending on type of therapy, adherence, and the appropriateness for the patient's level of function. A novel adaptive vestibular rehabilitation (AVR) program was developed and evaluated. STUDY DESIGN: Technology and procedure development, and prospective multicenter trial. METHODS: Those with complete unilateral vestibular hypofunction and symptomatic at least 3 months with a Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI) >30 were eligible...
May 23, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541763/fall-risk-screening-protocol-for-older-hearing-clinic-patients
#4
Robin E Criter, Julie A Honaker
OBJECTIVE: The primary purposes of this study were (1) to describe measures that may contrast audiology patients who fall from those who do not fall and (2) to evaluate the clinical performance of measures that could be easily used for fall risk screening in a mainstream audiology hearing clinic. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study Study sample: Thirty-six community-dwelling audiology patient participants and 27 community-dwelling non-audiology patients over 60 years of age...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540785/single-session-high-intensity-focussed-ablation-hifu-versus-open-cervical-hemithyroidectomy-for-benign-thyroid-nodule-analysis-on-early-efficacy-safety-and-voice-quality
#5
Brian H H Lang, Carlos K H Wong, Estella P M Ma
BACKGROUND: High intensity focussed ultrasound (HIFU) is a promising non-surgical treatment for symptomatic benign thyroid nodule. We aimed to compare early efficacy, safety and voice quality between HIFU ablation and open thyroidectomy. METHODS: Consecutive patients who underwent single-session HIFU ablation or a hemithyroidectomy for symptomatic benign thyroid nodule were included. The 6-month extent of nodule shrinkage, symptom improvement score, thyroid function, hospital stay and cost were compared between the two procedures...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540530/voice-outcomes-in-surgical-repair-of-zenker-s-diverticulum
#6
Stephen Schoeff, Michael Freeman, James Daniero
The purpose of the study was to define the impact of Zenker's diverticula on voice and potential benefit from repair. Retrospective chart review of prospectively collected data from eleven patients with a Zenker's diverticulum treated surgically in a tertiary care center from November 2014 through January 2016. The voice handicap index-10 (VHI-10) and eating assessment tool-10 (EAT-10) questionnaires were collected as part of pre- and post-operative evaluation, with an average post-operative follow-up of 69 days...
May 25, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537137/adaptation-of-the-tinnitus-handicap-inventory-into-polish-and-its-testing-on-a-clinical-population-of-tinnitus-sufferers
#7
Piotr H Skarzynski, Danuta Raj-Koziak, Joanna J Rajchel, Adam Pilka, Andrzej W Wlodarczyk, Henryk Skarzynski
OBJECTIVE: To describe how the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) was translated into Polish (THI-POL) and to present psychometric data on how well it performed in a clinical population of tinnitus sufferers. DESIGN: The original version of THI was adapted into Polish. The reliability of THI-POL was investigated using test-retest, Cronbach's alpha, endorsement rate and item-total correlation. Construct validity and convergent validity were also assessed based on confirmatory factor analysis, inter-item correlation and Pearson product-moment correlations using subscale A (Tinnitus) of the Tinnitus and Hearing Survey (THS-POL); divergent validity was checked using subscale B (Hearing) of THS-POL...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530260/injection-laryngoplasty-through-a-transoral-approach-using-the-guedel-oral-airway
#8
A L Hamdan, M Rizk, C Ayoub, G Ziade
Injection laryngoplasty has gained popularity as a treatment modality for glottal insufficiency. Several approaches have been described, specifically transcutaneous, transoral and transnasal. The authors describe a novel technique performed successfully on three subjects, namely endoscopic injection laryngoplasty using the modified Guedel oral airway. There was marked improvement in dysphonia, maximum phonation time and closed quotient in all three subjects with a decrease in the Voice Handicap Index-10 score...
May 22, 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530069/-in-office-vocal-cord-injection-for-treatment-of-dysphonia
#9
Limor Benyamini, Faten Awwad, Ziv Gil, Jacob T Cohen
INTRODUCTION: Dysphonia significantly damages quality of life and employment opportunities. One of the common causes of hoarseness is glottic insufficiency, namely the lack of full adherence of the vocal cords during speech and swallowing. Correction is achieved by vocal cord medialization. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of vocal cord injection with carboxymethyl cellulose and hydroxyapatite under local anesthesia in the office, on the voice objectively, assessment by staff and patient satisfaction...
November 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527541/impact-of-chemoradiation-after-supra-or-infrahyoid-cancer-on-aerodynamic-subjective-and-objective-voice-assessments-a-multicenter-prospective-study
#10
Jérôme R Lechien, Mohamad Khalife, Kathy Huet, Anne-Francoise Fourneau, Véronique Delvaux, Myriam Piccaluga, Bernard Harmegnies, Sven Saussez
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to investigate the impact of chemoradiotherapy (CRT) on speech and voice quality according to the anatomic localization of the head and neck cancer. METHODS: Thirty-four patients treated by CRT for advanced suprahyoid (N = 17) or infrahyoid (N = 17) cancer were assessed for speech function, videolaryngostroboscopy, Voice Handicap Index, blinded Grade, Roughness, Breathiness, Asthenia, Strain, and Instability, acoustic measurements, and aerodynamic measurements...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527159/efficacy-of-betahistine-by-patient-reported-outcomes-and-its-tolerability-profile-in-indian-patients-with-vestibular-vertigo
#11
M V Kirtane, Anirban Biswas
OBJECTIVE: Patients with vestibular vertigo suffer from disabling symptoms which affect their quality of life. This article presents the efficacy and safety profile of betahistine hydrochloride in Indian patients suffering from vestibular vertigo (OSVaLD study). METHODS: Study included patients suffering from vertigo, who were prescribed betahistine (48 mg/day) according to local label. Safety and efficacy populations of this study included 80 and 75 subjects respectively...
April 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521181/utility-of-a-brief-assessment-tool-developed-from-the-dizziness-handicap-inventory-to-screen-for-cervicogenic-dizziness-a-case-control-study
#12
Susan A Reid, Robin Callister, Michael G Katekar, Julia M Treleaven
BACKGROUND: Cervicogenic dizziness (CGD) is hard to diagnose as there is no objective test. OBJECTIVE: Can a brief assessment tool be derived from the Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI) to assist in screening for CGD? DESIGN: Case-control study with split-sample analysis. METHOD: 86 people with CGD and 86 people with general dizziness completed the DHI as part of the assessment of their dizziness. Descriptive statistics were used to assess how frequently each question on the DHI was answered 'yes' or 'sometimes' by participants with CGD and by participants with general dizziness...
March 20, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514787/delayed-effect-of-active-pressure-treatment-on-endolymphatic-hydrops
#13
Edoardo Covelli, Luigi Volpini, Francesca Atturo, Anna Teresa Benincasa, Chiara Filippi, Silvia Tarentini, Vania Marrone, Simonetta Monini, Annarita Vestri, Maurizio Barbara
OBJECTIVE: To identify eventual correlations between the effect of low-pressure treatment and endolymphatic hydrops in Ménière patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group consisted of subjects affected by definite Ménière disease (2015) and a severe degree of disability, who received a ventilation tube with or without a low-pressure treatment before undergoing a surgical procedure (vestibular neurectomy). After the placement of the ventilation tube, the subjects were either left alone with the tube or received 1 month of self-administered low-pressure therapy with a portable device...
May 18, 2017: Audiology & Neuro-otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512544/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-outcomes-of-partially-edentulous-patients-treated-with-implant-supported-single-crowns-or-fixed-partial-dentures
#14
Bader K AlZarea
BACKGROUND: Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) is afflicted by different variables. Limited information is available regarding the impact of different phases of implant therapy on OHRQoL of edentulous patients. This study was carried out to assess the OHRQoL of patients treated with implant-supported single crowns or fixed partial dentures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 79 healthy partially edentulous subjects needing implant therapy were incorporated in this study...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510639/toward-an-elucidation-of-the-molecular-genetics-of-inherited-retinal-degenerations
#15
G Jane Farrar, Matthew Carrigan, Adrian Dockery, Sophia Millington Ward, Arpad Palfi, Naomi Chadderton, Marian Humphries, Anna Sophia Kiang, Paul F Kenna, Pete Humphries
While individually classed as rare diseases, hereditary retinal degenerations (IRDs) are the major cause of registered visual handicap in the developed world. Given their hereditary nature, some degree of intergenic heterogeneity was expected, with genes segregating in autosomal dominant, recessive, X-linked recessive, and more rarely in digenic or mitochondrial modes. Today, it is recognized that IRDs, as a group, represent one of the most genetically diverse of hereditary conditions - at least 260 genes having been implicated, with 70 genes identified in the most common IRD, retinitis pigmentosa (RP)...
May 16, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509696/on-top-index-pollicization-after-a-partial-amputation-of-a-syndactylized-hypoplastic-thumb-in-a-patient-with-townes-brocks-syndrome
#16
Mia Lorencin, Kresimir Bulic
Townes-Brocks syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant syndrome characterized by multiple malformations, including thumb anomalies. Thumb hypoplasia poses a specific problem, where a deficient thumb creates a significant handicap in hand function. The treatment goal is enabling pinch and grip activity, and the preferred procedure for a severely hypoplastic thumb is index finger pollicization. We present a case of on-top index pollicization in a 10-year-old, after a partial amputation of a previously syndactylized hypoplastic thumb, with a well-formed first carpometacarpal joint...
May 15, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504197/intravenous-injection-of-umbilical-cord-derived-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-attenuates-reactive-gliosis-and-hypomyelination-in-a-neonatal-intraventricular-hemorrhage-model
#17
Takeo Mukai, Yuka Mori, Takahisa Shimazu, Atsuko Takahashi, Hajime Tsunoda, Satoru Yamaguchi, Shigeru Kiryu, Arinobu Tojo, Tokiko Nagamura-Inoue
Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is a frequent complication of preterm newborns, resulting in cerebral palsy and cognitive handicap as well as hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy and periventricular leukomalacia. In this study, we investigated the restorative effect on neonatal IVH by umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (UC-MSCs) cultured in serum-free medium (RM medium) for clinical application. UC-MSCs were cultured with αMEM medium supplemented with FBS or RM. A neonatal IVH mouse model at postnatal day 5 was generated by intraventricular injection of autologous blood, and mice were intravenously administered 1×10(5) UC-MSCs two days after IVH...
May 11, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502563/-is-the-right-hemisphere-really-minor-involvement-in-the-repair-of-bodily-injury
#18
REVIEW
P Menei, R Clement, C Rouge-Maillart
An appraisal mission regarding the repair of physical injury is based on the classification of the effects of injury and scales. These scales are surprisingly incomplete concerning the symptoms due to a right hemisphere injury. However, these symptoms can cause an important handicap in numerous activities, social, affective and professional. This paper reviews the recent functional anatomic knowledge of the right hemisphere functions, visuo-spatial cognition, intentional process and social cognition. The impacts of this appraisal data, as well as suggestions for new scales, are outlined...
May 11, 2017: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499293/-current-audiological-diagnostics
#19
Sebastian Hoth, Izet Baljić
Today's audiological functional diagnostics is based on a stock of hearing tests, whose large number takes account of the variety of malfunctions of a complex sensory organ system and the necessity to examine it in a differentiated manner and at any age of life. The objective is to identify nature and origin of the hearing loss and to quantify its extent as far as necessary to dispose of the information needed to initiate the adequate medical (conservative or operational) treatment or the provision with technical hearing aids or prostheses...
April 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496338/the-voice-quality-after-laser-surgery-versus-radiotherapy-of-t1a-glottic-carcinoma-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Guanjiang Huang, Mengsi Luo, Jingxuan Zhang, Hongbing Liu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The voice quality assessment of laser surgery (LS) in comparison with radiotherapy (RT) remains uncertain in T1a glottic carcinoma treatment. This systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted to compare the voice quality of the two treatments. METHODS: Searches were conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane with the following index words: glotti*, layn*, vocal cord, vocal, surgery, cordectomy, laser, radiation, irradiation, radiotherapy, cancer, and carcinoma for relative studies that compared the voice quality between LS and RT...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
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