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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143355/short-term-changes-in-chewing-efficiency-and-subjective-evaluation-in-normal-dentate-subjects-after-insertion-of-oral-appliances-with-an-occlusal-flat-table
#1
Yuya Satokawa, Ichiro Minami, Noriyuki Wakabayashi
BACKGROUND: Oral appliances with an occlusal flat table are used as treatment dentures. However, the short-term effect of insertion of such oral appliances on chewing has not been reported. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether experimental and continuous insertion of oral appliances with an occlusal flat table has an effect on chewing efficiency and Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) in healthy participants. METHODS: Ten participants each in the oral-appliance and control (no oral-appliance insertion) groups attended six data collection sessions for 5 consecutive days...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141772/acoustic-analysis-of-soccer-fans-in-acute-phonotrauma-after-the-match
#2
Mehmet Ozgur Pinarbasli, Ercan Kaya, Erkan Ozudogru, Melek Kezban Gurbuz, Ertugrul Colak, Mehmet Akif Aksoy, Leman Birdane, Fatma Ozgur Guney
OBJECTIVES: Acute phonotrauma is the result of sound production by shouting or straining one's voice. In this study, we aimed to investigate the acute changes in the vocal folds and voices of soccer fans who voluntarily applied to our clinic after the soccer match where they engaged in acute phonotrauma. There are no other studies in the literature conducted on a similar sample group. STUDY DESIGN: This is a case-control study. METHODS: Videolaryngostroboscopic (VLS) examination, acoustic voice analysis, and Voice Handicap Index (VHI) questionnaire were performed on 29 voluntary soccer fans included to the study before the match and at the first hour after the match...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132808/bilateral-vocal-fold-medialization-a-treatment-for-abductor-spasmodic-dysphonia
#3
Karuna Dewan, Gerald S Berke
INTRODUCTION: Abductor spasmodic dysphonia, a difficult-to-treat laryngologic condition, is characterized by spasms causing the vocal folds to remain abducted despite efforts to adduct them during phonation. Traditional treatment for abductor spasmodic dysphonia-botulinum toxin injection into the posterior cricoarytenoid muscle-can be both technically challenging and uncomfortable. Due to the difficulty of needle placement, it is often unsuccessful. The purpose of this investigation is to present a previously undescribed treatment for abductor spasmodic dysphonia-bilateral vocal fold medialization...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131037/paradoxical-reactions-anti-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-agents-ustekinumab-secukinumab-ixekizumab-and-others
#4
Lluís Puig
Paradoxical reactions during treatment with a biologic agent can be defined as the appearance or exacerbation of a pathological condition that usually responds to this class of drug while treating a patient for another condition, which usually remains under control (even though there may be a change in morphology or phenotype). Paradoxical reactions were initially described as isolated case reports or case series in patients treated with anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α agents, first in inflammatory rheumatic diseases, later in psoriasis and inflammatory bowel disease...
2018: Current Problems in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130955/tinnitus-and-hearing-survey-a-polish-study-of-validity-and-reliability-in-a-clinical-population
#5
Danuta Raj-Koziak, Elzbieta Gos, Joanna Rajchel, Adam Piłka, Henryk Skarżyński, Joanna Rostkowska, Piotr H Skarzynski
This study investigates the psychometric properties of the Polish version of the Tinnitus and Hearing Survey (THS-POL), which is a tool for evaluating what proportion of patients' tinnitus is due to hearing problems and what proportion is specifically due to the tinnitus. The THS-POL was created using the translation-backtranslation method. Study participants completed the THS-POL twice over a period of 3 days. The test-retest analysis shows excellent strength of correlations (THS-POL subscale A r = 0.89, subscale B r = 0...
November 11, 2017: Audiology & Neuro-otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130441/is-the-device-oriented-subjective-outcome-doso-independent-of-personality
#6
Yu-Hsiang Wu, Kelsey Dumanch, Elizabeth Stangl, Christi Miller, Kelly Tremblay, Ruth Bentler
BACKGROUND: Self-report questionnaires are a frequently used method of evaluating hearing aid outcomes. Studies have shown that personality can account for 5-20% of the variance in response to self-report measures. As a result, these influences can impact results and limit their generalizability when the purpose of the study is to examine the technological merit of hearing aids. To reduce personality influences on self-report outcome data, the Device-Oriented Subjective Outcome (DOSO) was developed...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129447/amplified-hearing-device-use-in-acute-care-settings-for-patients-with-hearing-loss-a-feasibility-study
#7
Amber R Kimball, Cecelia I Roscigno, Coretta M Jenerette, Kimberly M Hughart, Wendy W Jenkins, Wesley Hsu
The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility of using amplified hearing devices (AHD) in acute care settings for patients with hearing loss. Secondary objectives include patient and nurse satisfaction, and nursing perceived productivity. Twenty-five adult hard of hearing patients and 15 nurses were evaluated. Patients with a perceived hearing handicap were identified through the Hearing Handicap for the Elderly Screening Version. Patient and staff nurse surveys were used to assess for satisfaction with using the AHD...
November 9, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129348/performance-of-the-tinnitus-functional-index-as-a-diagnostic-instrument-in-a-uk-clinical-population
#8
Kathryn Fackrell, Deborah A Hall, Johanna G Barry, Derek J Hoare
OBJECTIVES: The Tinnitus Functional Index (TFI) has been optimised as a diagnostic tool for quantifying the functional impact of tinnitus in US veteran and civilian groups. However, the TFI has not been fully evaluated for use in other English-speaking clinical populations despite its increasingly popular uptake. Here, a prospective multi-site longitudinal validation study was conducted to evaluate psychometric properties relevant to the UK clinical population. Guided by quality criteria for the measurement properties of health-related questionnaires, we specifically evaluated three diagnostic properties relating to the degree to which the TFI (i) covers the eight dimensions proposed to be important for diagnosis, (ii) reliably distinguishes individual differences in severity of tinnitus, and (iii) reliably measures the functional impact of tinnitus...
November 9, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128434/the-korean-version-of-the-voice-symptom-scale-for-patients-with-thyroid-operation-and-its-use-in-a-validation-and-reliability-study
#9
Hee Young Son, Chang-Yoon Lee, Kyung A Kim, Sina Kim, Hee Seok Jeong, Jin Pyeong Kim
OBJECTIVES: The Voice Symptom Scale (VoiSS) questionnaire is a self-reported measure of voice function. Compared with previous voice-rating tools, the VoiSS focuses more on communication difficulties, pharyngeal symptoms, and psychosocial distress. This study aimed to translate the VoiSS into the Korean language, validate it, and assess its reliability. STUDY DESIGN: This is a prospective patient study utilizing questionnaires and acoustic analysis. METHODS: A recognized methodology was used to translate the questionnaires...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126426/the-influence-of-immediately-loaded-implant-treatment-in-the-atrophic-edentulous-maxilla-on-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-of-edentulous-patients-3-year-results-of-a-prospective-study
#10
Maria Erkapers, Susanna Segerström, Karl Ekstrand, Russell A Baer, Joseph A Toljanic, Andreas Thor
BACKGROUND: To evaluate oral health related quality of life (OHQoL) in edentulous patients treated with immediately loaded implants in the maxilla. METHODS: Fifty-one edentulous patients in two centers received six maxillary implants each were loaded within 24 h with provisional restoration. Definitive restoration was delivered 20-24 weeks later. OHQoL was evaluated preoperatively with the Oral Health Impact Profile 49 questionnaire (OHIP-49) and on five subsequent occasions...
November 10, 2017: Head & Face Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126068/margined-winner-take-all-new-learning-rule-for-pattern-recognition
#11
Kunihiko Fukushima
The neocognitron is a deep (multi-layered) convolutional neural network that can be trained to recognize visual patterns robustly. In the intermediate layers of the neocognitron, local features are extracted from input patterns. In the deepest layer, based on the features extracted in the intermediate layers, input patterns are classified into classes. A method called IntVec (interpolating-vector) is used for this purpose. This paper proposes a new learning rule called margined Winner-Take-All (mWTA) for training the deepest layer...
November 7, 2017: Neural Networks: the Official Journal of the International Neural Network Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123602/rehabilitation-of-vulnerable-groups-in-emergencies-and-disasters-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Hojjat Sheikhbardsiri, Mohammad H Yarmohammadian, Fatemeh Rezaei, Mohammad Reza Maracy
BACKGROUND: Natural and man-made disasters, especially those occurring in large scales not only result in human mortality, but also cause physical, psychological, and social disabilities. Providing effective rehabilitation services in time can decrease the frequency of such disabilities. The aim of the current study was to perform a systematic review related to rehabilitation of vulnerable groups in emergencies and disasters. METHODS: The systematic review was conducted according to the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122413/differences-between-subjective-and-objective-assessment-of-speech-deficiency-in-parkinson-disease
#13
Wioletta Pawlukowska, Aleksandra Szylińska, Dariusz Kotlęga, Iwona Rotter, Przemysław Nowacki
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to establish the frequency at which patients with Parkinson disease subjectively assess the intensity of their speech disorders, factors that the patients believe determine the severity of their vocal impairment, and how their subjective self-assessment of vocal impairment by means of the Voice Handicap Index compares with the objective evaluation of the performance of the articulatory organs by means of Frenchay Dysarthria Assessment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The methods used Voice Handicap Index, Frenchay Dysarthria Assessment, and the Hoehn and Yahr scale...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119844/symptom-relief-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-globus-patients-a-prospective-study
#14
Pia Järvenpää, Assi Laatikainen, Risto P Roine, Harri Sintonen, Perttu Arkkila, Leena-Maija Aaltonen
Globus may be a persistent symptom impairing patients' quality of life. Diagnostics and treatment are controversial but some globus patients may benefit from reassurance and attention. We investigated how globus symptoms change during a short-term follow-up without any treatment after an examination by an ear, nose and throat (ENT) physician and further diagnostic procedures. We also surveyed whether patients with persistent globus suffer from simultaneous voice problems. The study comprised 30 consecutive globus patients referred to Helsinki University Hospital, Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery...
November 9, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116384/living-with-otosclerosis-disease-specific-health-related-quality-of-life-measurement-in-patients-undergoing-stapes-surgery
#15
Susen Lailach, Tina Schenke, Ingo Baumann, Hannah Walter, Mark Praetorius, Thomas Beleites, Thomas Zahnert, Marcus Neudert
INTRODUCTION: Otosclerosis is associated with hearing disability, leading to communication deficits and social and psychological restrictions. The objective of our study was to analyze disease-specific health-related quality of life (HRQOL) after stapes surgery and compare the outcome of HRQOL with audiometric parameters. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Our clinical case study was conducted at two tertiary referral centers. All the 37 patients who had undergone stapes surgery were analyzed clinically and by audiometric testing (pure tone and speech audiometry) in the pre- and postoperative settings...
November 7, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112532/speech-in-noise-perception-as-a-marker-of-cognitive-impairment-in-hiv-infection
#16
Yi Zhan, Abigail M Fellows, Tangkai Qi, Odile H Clavier, Sigfrid D Soli, Xiudong Shi, Jiang Gui, Yuxin Shi, Jay C Buckey
OBJECTIVES: Human immunodeficiency virus positive (HIV+) individuals report hearing difficulties, but standard audiological tests show no, or small, changes in peripheral hearing ability. The hearing complaints may reflect central nervous system (CNS) auditory processing deficits, rather than middle or inner ear problems, and may result from CNS damage due to HIV infection or treatment. If central auditory task performance and cognitive deficits in HIV+ individuals are shown to be related, then central auditory tests might serve as a "window" into CNS function in these patients...
November 4, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111338/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-italian-version-of-the-vocal-tract-discomfort-scale-i-vtd
#17
Carlo Robotti, Francesco Mozzanica, Ilaria Pozzali, Laura D'Amore, Patrizia Maruzzi, Daniela Ginocchio, Stafania Barozzi, Rosaria Lorusso, Francesco Ottaviani, Antonio Schindler
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability and validity of the Italian version of the VTD scale (I-VTD scale). STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional, nonrandomized, prospective study with controls. METHODS: For the item generation, a cross-cultural adaptation and translation process was performed following the back translation process (phase 1). For reproducibility analysis (phase 2), 102 patients with dysphonia were recruited (internal consistency analysis); 57 of them completed the I-VTD scale twice (test-retest reliability analysis)...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110566/predicting-the-outcome-after-acute-unilateral-vestibulopathy-analysis-of-vestibulo-ocular-reflex-gain-and-catch-up-saccades
#18
Niccolò Cerchiai, Elena Navari, Stefano Sellari-Franceschini, Chiara Re, Augusto Pietro Casani
Objectives (1) To describe the relationships among the main instrumental features characterizing an acute unilateral vestibulopathy and (2) to clarify the role of the video head impulse test in predicting the development of chronic vestibular insufficiency. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Tertiary referral center. Subjects and Methods Sixty patients suffering from acute unilateral vestibulopathy were retrospectively analyzed: 30 who recovered spontaneously (group 1) and 30 who needed a vestibular rehabilitation program (group 2)...
November 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107735/impaired-math-achievement-in-patients-with-acute-vestibular-neuritis
#19
Ivan Moser, Dominique Vibert, Marco D Caversaccio, Fred W Mast
Broad cognitive difficulties have been reported in patients with peripheral vestibular deficit, especially in the domain of spatial cognition. Processing and manipulating numbers relies on the ability to use the inherent spatial features of numbers. It is thus conceivable that patients with acute peripheral vestibular deficit show impaired numerical cognition. Using the number Stroop task and a short math achievement test, we tested 20 patients with acute vestibular neuritis and 20 healthy, age-matched controls...
October 28, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103318/prospective-parents-perspectives-on-antenatal-decision-making-for-the-anticipated-birth-of-a-periviable-infant
#20
Brownsyne Tucker Edmonds, Teresa A Savage, Robert E Kimura, Sarah J Kilpatrick, Miriam Kuppermann, William Grobman, Karen Kavanaugh
OBJECTIVE: To examine prospective parents' perceptions of management options and outcomes in the context of threatened periviable delivery, and the values they apply in making antenatal decisions during this period. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative analysis of 46 antenatal interviews conducted at three tertiary-care hospitals with 54 prospective parents (40 pregnant women, 14 partners) who had received counseling for threatened periviable delivery (40 cases). RESULTS: Participants most often recalled being involved in resuscitation, cerclage, and delivery mode decisions...
November 5, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
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