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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102106/comparison-of-disability-and-quality-of-life-between-patients-with-pediatric-and-adult-onset-paraplegia
#1
Hanife Duzgun Celik, Ayla Cagliyan Turk, Fusun Sahin, Figen Yilmaz, Banu Kuran
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the factors that affect disability and quality of life in patients with spinal cord injuries (SCIs) and to compare the degree of disability and quality of life in patients with SCI according to over and under 18 years of age when their injury occurred. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Two academic hospitals in Istanbul, Turkey. PARTICIPANTS: Forty patients with SCI were included in this study...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101620/-home-based-telerehabilitation-after-stroke
#2
M Keidel, F Vauth, J Richter, B Hoffmann, H Soda, B Griewing, M Scibor
The use of modern information and telecommunication technologies enables telerehabilitation of neurological deficits in the domestic environment. The current state of studies on rehabilitative teletherapy for improvement of motor function and mobility deficits due to stroke is reviewed. Two neurolinguistic proof of concept studies investigating the efficacy of online interactive telespeech therapy are reported, which compared virtual screen to screen interactive telerehabilitation of aphasia after stroke and dysarthrophonia in Parkinson's disease to conventional face to face rehabilitation...
January 18, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100858/-semi-quantitative-assessment-of-tinnitus-before-and-after-endovascular-treatment-for-intracranial-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-usefulness-of-the-tinnitus-handicap-inventory-thi-score
#3
Keitaro Shiraishi, Naoki Akioka, Daina Kashiwazaki, Naoya Kuwayama, Satoshi Kuroda
Intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas(dAVFs)cause pulsatile tinnitus that can easily impair the individual's quality of life. In this study, we aimed to assess the usefulness of the semi-quantitative Tinnitus Handicap Inventory(THI)score before and after endovascular treatment in patients with intracranial dAVF by determining the relationship between the severity of pulsatile tinnitus, radiographic findings, and the effect of treatment. This study included a total of 14 sides in 13 patients who underwent endovascular therapy for pulsatile tinnitus due to intracranial dAVFs between March 2014 and September 2015...
January 2017: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100415/a-10-year-trend-of-dental-treatments-under-general-anesthesia-of-children-in-taipei-veterans-general-hospital
#4
Yung-Pan Chen, Chun-Yi Hsieh, Wen-Ting Hsu, Fu-Ya Wu, Wen-Yu Shih
BACKGROUND: General anesthesia (GA) as a pediatric dental procedure is a well-established method of behavior management. However, studies of pediatric dentistry under GA have mostly focused on handicapped patients, and various retrospective studies in Taiwan have mainly reviewed only a limited number of years. The purpose of the present study was to report trends in pediatric dental treatment performed under GA over the past 10 years. METHODS: A retrospective review of the hospital records of patients receiving dental treatment under GA from 2006 until 2015 was performed...
January 16, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099967/somatosensory-tinnitus-correlation-between-cranio-cervico-mandibular-disorder-history-and-somatic-modulation
#5
Massimo Ralli, Giancarlo Altissimi, Rosaria Turchetta, Filippo Mazzei, Massimo Salviati, Francesca Cianfrone, Maria Patrizia Orlando, Valeria Testugini, Giancarlo Cianfrone
In a subpopulation of patients, tinnitus can be modulated by movements of the jaw or head and neck due to complex somatosensory-auditory interactions. In some of these subjects, tinnitus could be related to an underlying temporomandibular (TMJ) or craniocervical (NECK) dysfunction that, if correctly identified, could streamline treatment and increase chances of tinnitus improvement. However, it is still unclear whether somatic modulation of tinnitus could be used as a screening tool for identifying such patients...
January 19, 2017: Audiology & Neuro-otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092362/the-role-of-endothelial-hif-1-%C3%AE-in-the-response-to-sublethal-hypoxia-in-c57bl-6-mouse-pups
#6
Qi Li, Michael Michaud, Chan Park, Yan Huang, Rachael Couture, Frank Girodano, Michael L Schwartz, Joseph A Madri
Chronic sublethal hypoxia, a complication of premature birth, is associated with cognitive and motor handicaps. Responsiveness to and recovery from this hypoxic environment is dependent on induction of HIF-1 α in the cells affected. Microvascular endothelial-glial and microvascular endothelial-neuronal precursor interactions have been found to be dynamic and reciprocal, involving autocrine and paracrine signaling, with response and recovery correlated with baseline levels and levels of induction of HIF-1 α...
January 16, 2017: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092172/analysis-of-indium-tin-oxide-film-using-argon-fluroide-arf-laser-excited-atomic-fluorescence-of-ablated-plumes
#7
Sut Kam Ho, Dario Machado Garcia
A two-pulse laser-excited atomic fluorescence (LEAF) technique at 193 nm wavelength was applied to the analysis of indium tin oxide (ITO) layer on polyethylene terephthalate (PET) film. Fluorescence emissions from analytes were induced from plumes generated by first laser pulse. Using this approach, non-selective LEAF can be accomplished for simultaneous multi-element analysis and it overcomes the handicap of strict requirement for laser excitation wavelength. In this study, experimental conditions including laser fluences, times for gating and time delay between pulses were optimized to reveal high sensitivity with minimal sample destruction and penetration...
January 1, 2017: Applied Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089856/erythrocyte-heat-shock-protein-responses-to-chronic-in-vivo-and-acute-in-vitro-temperature-challenge-in-diploid-and-triploid-salmonids
#8
Pillai V Saranyan, Neil W Ross, Tillmann J Benfey
This research investigated how ploidy level (diploid versus triploid) affects the heat shock protein (HSP) response in erythrocytes under different thermal stress regimes, both in vivo and in vitro, in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and brook charr (Salvelinus fontinalis) in order to address the question of why triploids typically have reduced thermal tolerance. A preliminary study confirmed that identical volumes of diploid and triploid erythrocytes (which equates to a smaller number of larger cells for triploids compared to diploids) did not differ in total protein synthesis rates...
January 13, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088930/adherence-of-older-people-with-instability-in-vestibular-rehabilitation-programmes-prediction-criteria
#9
A Soto-Varela, A Faraldo-García, M Del-Río-Valeiras, M Rossi-Izquierdo, I Vaamonde-Sánchez-Andrade, P Gayoso-Diz, A Lirola-Delgado, S Santos-Pérez
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether demographic characteristics or balance examination findings can predict the adherence of older people with instability to a vestibular rehabilitation programme. METHODS: A prospective case-control study was conducted of 120 patients aged 65 years or more (mean age, 77.3 ± 6.33 years). Two groups were classified according to patients' adherence with the follow-up post-rehabilitation protocol. Analysed variables included: age, sex, body mass index, Timed Up and Go test findings, computerised dynamic posturography, Dizziness Handicap Inventory scores and Short Falls Efficacy Scale - International questionnaire results, number of falls, and type of vestibular rehabilitation...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081322/does-cpap-treatment-affect-the-voice
#10
Güleser Saylam, Mustafa Şahin, Dilek Demiral, Ömer Bayır, Melike Bağnu Yüceege, Emel Çadallı Tatar, Mehmet Hakan Korkmaz
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate alterations in voice parameters among patients using continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with an indication for CPAP treatment without any voice problems and with normal laryngeal findings were included and voice parameters were evaluated before and 1 and 6 months after CPAP. Videolaryngostroboscopic findings, a self-rated scale (Voice Handicap Index-10, VHI-10), perceptual voice quality assessment (GRBAS: grade, roughness, breathiness, asthenia, strain), and acoustic parameters were compared...
December 20, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079317/human-umbilical-cord-blood-cd34-positive-cells-as-predictors-of-the-incidence-and-short-term-outcome-of-neonatal-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy-a-pilot-study
#11
Sahar M A Hassanein, Mohamed Hassan Nasr Eldin, Hanaa A Amer, Adel E Abdelhamid, Moustafa El Houssinie, Abir Ibrahim
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is one of the leading causes of neurological handicap in developing countries. Human umbilical cord blood (hUCB) CD34-positive (CD34⁺) stem cells exhibit the potential for neural repair. We tested the hypothesis that hUCB CD34⁺ stem cells and other cell types [leukocytes and nucleated red blood cells (NRBCs)] that are up-regulated during the acute stage of perinatal asphyxia (PA) could play a role in the early prediction of the occurrence, severity, and mortality of HIE...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076370/dizziness-and-falls-in-obese-inpatients-undergoing-metabolic-rehabilitation
#12
Stefano Corna, Valentina Aspesi, Nicola Cau, Federica Scarpina, Natalia Gattini Valdés, Luigia Brugliera, Veronica Cimolin, Paolo Capodaglio
AIM: The relationship between dizziness and falls in the obese population is a relatively unexplored issue. The aims of the present study were to define the 1-year prevalence of dizziness in an obese inpatient population undergoing metabolic rehabilitation and to investigate possible correlations with fall events. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We recruited 329 obese subjects: 203 female (BMI 43,74 kg/m2 ± 0.5 SE; age 17-83 years, 58.33 ± 0.9 SE) and 126 male (BMI 44,27kg/m2 ± 0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071980/metabolic-syndrome-hypertension-and-nervous-system-injury-epidemiological-correlates
#13
Giovanna Ricci, Isabel Pirillo, Daniele Tomassoni, Ascanio Sirignano, Iolanda Grappasonni
: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a common and complex disorder combining hypertension, obesity, dyslipidemia, and insulin resistance. MetS represents a risk factor for changes in cognitive functions in older age, and several studies have suggested that MetS may be linked to dementia. This article reviews the main evidences about the relationship between MetS and neurodegenerative disease. Starting from an epidemiological point of view, the article analyzes medico-social aspects related to MetS, considering the reduction of work capacity and the condition of disability that it involves...
January 10, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069467/validity-and-reliability-of-a-french-version-of-reflux-symptom-index
#14
Jérôme R Lechien, Kathy Huet, Camille Finck, Mohamad Khalife, Anne-Françoise Fourneau, Véronique Delvaux, Myriam Piccaluga, Bernard Harmegnies, Sven Saussez
OBJECTIVE: To develop a French version of the Reflux Symptom Index (Fr-RSI) and to assess its internal consistency, reliability, and clinical validity. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled, prospective trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-four patients with a reflux finding score > 7 and an Fr-RSI > 13 were enrolled and treated with 20 mg of pantoprazole twice daily and diet changes for 3 months. Ninety asymptomatic subjects were also included in the study...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068305/comparison-of-treatment-outcomes-following-either-prefrontal-cortical-only-or-dual-site-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-in-chronic-tinnitus-patients-a-double-blind-randomized-study
#15
Tae-Soo Noh, Jeong Sug Kyong, Mun Young Chang, Moo-Kyun Park, Jun-Ho Lee, Seung-Ha Oh, June Sic Kim, Chun Kee Chung, Myung-Whan Suh
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated treatment outcomes following single-site repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and dual-site rTMS in the auditory cortex (AC) and DLPFC (AC + FC). STUDY DESIGN AND PATIENTS: This prospective randomized double-blind trial initially included 19 patients with chronic tinnitus and 17 of these patients received rTMS on the left AC and left DLPFC or only the left DLPFC. The subjects were randomly allocated to either the dual-site rTMS (AC + FC) protocol (Group 1, n = 9) or the singlesite rTMS (DLPFC) protocol (Group 2, n = 8)...
February 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060993/self-assessed-hearing-handicap-in-older-adults-with-poorer-than-predicted-speech-recognition-in-noise
#16
Mark A Eckert, Lois J Matthews, Judy R Dubno
Purpose: Even older adults with relatively mild hearing loss report hearing handicap, suggesting that hearing handicap is not completely explained by reduced speech audibility. Method: We examined the extent to which self-assessed ratings of hearing handicap using the Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly (HHIE; Ventry & Weinstein, 1982) were significantly associated with measures of speech recognition in noise that controlled for differences in speech audibility...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054525/questionnaire-survey-to-assess-the-pattern-and-characteristics-of-cell-phone-usage-among-indian-oncologists
#17
Anusheel Munshi, Debanarayan Dutta, Pramod Tike, Jai Prakash Agarwal
PURPOSE: Obtain baseline data of cell-phone usage in the medical (MO), surgical (SO) and radiation (RO) oncology community practicing in India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Indigenously prepared cell-phone usage related questionnaire was used in the present study after approval by the Institutional Ethics/Scientific Committees. The questionnaire had 41 items and was made to assess the cell-phone usage parameters, utility in clinical practice, awareness, and to compare parameters between oncology specialties...
July 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050214/satisfaction-of-elderly-hearing-aid-users
#18
Lorena Kozlowski, Angela Ribas, Gleide Almeida, Idalina Luz
Introduction The impact of auditory sensory deprivation in the life of an individual is enormous because it not only affects one's ability to properly understand auditory information, but also the way people relate to their environment and their culture. The monitoring of adult and elderly subjects with hearing loss is intended to minimize the difficulties and handicaps that occur as a consequence of this pathology. Objective To evaluate the level of user satisfaction with hearing aids. Methods A clinical and experimental study involving 91 elderly hearing aid users...
January 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050210/tinnitus-in-elderly-individuals-discomfort-and-impact-in-the-quality-of-life
#19
Adriane Ribeiro Teixeira, Leticia Petersen Schmidt Rosito, Andréa Kruger Gonçalves, Michelle Gassen Paulo Nunes, Silvia Dornelles, Maira Rozenfeld Olchik
Introduction Tinnitus is a symptom that affects mainly the elderly and can negatively influence their quality of life. Objective The objective of our study is to evaluate the existence of a relationship between the quality of life and the impact caused by tinnitus in elderly individuals, considering the age and gender variables. Method We conducted a cross-sectional study in elderly people of both genders who participate in the extension activities at the university. The evaluation was composed of anamnesis and WHOQOL-OLD instruments, to evaluate the quality of life, and Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) for the evaluation of the tinnitus impact...
January 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049132/the-null-hypothesis-of-gsea-and-a-novel-statistical-model-for-competitive-gene-set-analysis
#20
Birgit Debrabant
MOTIVATION: Competitive gene set analysis intends to assess whether a specific set of genes is more associated with a trait than the remaining genes. However, the statistical models assumed to date to underly these methods do not enable a clear cut formulation of the competitive null hypothesis. This is a major handicap to the interpretation of results obtained from a gene set analysis. RESULTS: This work presents a hierarchical statistical model based on the notion of dependence measures, which overcomes this problem...
January 2, 2017: Bioinformatics
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