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Finger dexterity tests

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740353/distinct-associations-of-motor-domains-in-relatives-of-schizophrenia-patients-different-pathways-to-motor-abnormalities-in-schizophrenia
#1
Lea Schäppi, Katharina Stegmayer, Petra V Viher, Sebastian Walther
Introduction: Aberrant motor function is an integral part of schizophrenia. In fact, abnormalities are frequently found in patients, in populations at risk, and in unaffected relatives. Motor abnormalities are suspected to be relevant for the clinical outcome and could probably predict the conversion from at-risk individuals to schizophrenia. Furthermore, motor function has been argued as endophenotype of the disorder. Yet, which particular motor domain may classify as a potential endophenotype is unknown...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624666/manual-dexterity-but-not-cerebral-palsy-predicts-cognitive-functioning-after-neonatal-stroke
#2
Guillaume Thébault, Sophie Martin, Denis Brouillet, Lionel Brunel, Mickaël Dinomais, Émilie Presles, Joel Fluss, Stéphane Chabrier
AIM: To disentangle the respective impacts of manual dexterity and cerebral palsy (CP) in cognitive functioning after neonatal arterial ischaemic stroke. METHOD: The population included 60 children (21 females, 39 males) with neonatal arterial ischaemic stroke but not epilepsy. The presence of CP was assessed clinically at the age of 7 years and 2 months (range 6y 11mo-7y 8mo) using the definition of the Surveillance of CP in Europe network. Standardized tests (Nine-Hole Peg Test and Box and Blocks Test) were used to quantify manual (finger and hand respectively) dexterity...
April 6, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605519/a-new-direct-measure-of-thumb-use-in-children-after-index-pollicization-for-congenital-thumb-hypoplasia
#3
Kathleen M Kollitz, Wendy A Tomhave, Ann E Van Heest, Steven L Moran
PURPOSE: After index pollicization for congenital thumb hypoplasia, time-based hand dexterity tests do not indicate whether the new thumb is being used by a child. The Thumb Grasp and Pinch assessment (T-GAP) is a new outcome measure that classifies grasp and pinch styles to quantify use of the new thumb. The goal of this study was to establish concurrent validity and construct validity in the T-GAP. METHODS: Data from children treated with index finger pollicization for congenital thumb hypoplasia were retrospectively reviewed...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481400/change-in-hand-function-and-dexterity-with-age-after-index-pollicization-for-congenital-thumb-hypoplasia
#4
Kathleen M Kollitz, Wendy Tomhave, Ann E Van Heest, Steven L Moran
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how performance on strength, range of motion, and dexterity measures changes as children with index finger pollicization mature. The authors reviewed performance in range of motion, strength, and dexterity over a 7-year period and report outcomes over time. METHODS: Data from children treated with index finger pollicization for congenital thumb hypoplasia from 2007 to 2014 were reviewed retrospectively. Children were followed for an average of 3...
March 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467602/feature-selection-methods-for-robust-decoding-of-finger-movements-in-a-non-human-primate
#5
Subash Padmanaban, Justin Baker, Bradley Greger
Objective: The performance of machine learning algorithms used for neural decoding of dexterous tasks may be impeded due to problems arising when dealing with high-dimensional data. The objective of feature selection algorithms is to choose a near-optimal subset of features from the original feature space to improve the performance of the decoding algorithm. The aim of our study was to compare the effects of four feature selection techniques, Wilcoxon signed-rank test, Relative Importance, Principal Component Analysis (PCA), and Mutual Information Maximization on SVM classification performance for a dexterous decoding task...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462597/validity-and-reliability-of-outcome-measures-assessing-dexterity-coordination-and-upper-limb-strength-in-autosomal-recessive-spastic-ataxia-of-charlevoix-saguenay
#6
Cynthia Gagnon, Isabelle Lessard, Bernard Brais, Isabelle Côté, Caroline Lavoie, Matthis Synofzik, Jean Mathieu
OBJECTIVE: To document in adults affected by autosomal recessive spastic ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay (ARSACS) the intra- and interrater reliability, standard error of measurement, agreement, minimal detectable change, and construct validity of the 9-Hole Peg Test (NHPT), the Standardized Finger-to-Nose Test (SFNT), and grip strength. DESIGN: Metrologic study. SETTING: Neuromuscular rehabilitation clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Genetically confirmed adult patients with ARSACS (N=42; 21 women; mean age, 38...
February 17, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439364/enhancement-of-motor-learning-by-focal-intermittent-theta-burst-stimulation-itbs-of-either-the-primary-motor-m1-or-somatosensory-area-s1-in-healthy-human-subjects
#7
Thomas Platz, Marija Adler-Wiebe, Sybille Roschka, Martin Lotze
BACKGROUND: Motor rehabilitation after brain damage relies on motor re-learning as induced by specific training. Non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) can alter cortical excitability and thereby has a potential to enhance subsequent training-induced learning. Knowledge about any priming effects of NIBS on motor learning in healthy subjects can help to design targeted therapeutic applications in brain-damaged subjects. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether complex motor learning in healthy subjects can be enhanced by intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS) to primary motor or sensory cortical areas...
2018: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234901/upper-limb-function-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd
#8
Elizabeth Hotham, Miranda Haberfield, Susan Hillier, Jason M White, Gabrielle Todd
Upper limb function was investigated in children with ADHD using objective methods. We hypothesised that children with ADHD exhibit abnormal dexterity, force application during manipulation of a novel object, and movement rhythmicity. Two groups of age- and gender-matched children were investigated: 35 typically developing children (controls, 10.5 ± 0.4 years, 32M-3F) and 29 children (11.5 ± 0.5 years, 27M-2F) with formally diagnosed ADHD according to DSM-IV-TR criteria. Participants underwent a series of screening tests and tests of upper limb function while "off" medication...
April 2018: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204383/hand-arm-vibration-effects-on-performance-tactile-acuity-and-temperature-of-hand
#9
Farhad Forouharmajd, Mehrdad Yadegari, Masoumeh Ahmadvand, Farshad Forouharmajd, Siamak Pourabdian
Effects of vibration appear as mechanical and psychological disorders, including stress reactions, cognitive and movement disorders, problem in concentration and paying attention to the assigned duties. The common signs and symptoms of hand-arm vibration (HAV) in the fingers and hands may appear as pins and needles feeling, tingling, numbness, and also the loss of finger sensation and dexterity. Laboratory Virtual Instrument Engineering Workbench programming software designed for occupational vibrations measurement was used to calculate HAV acceleration...
October 2017: Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200623/effect-of-fingernail-length-on-the-hand-dexterity
#10
Rikiya Shirato, Atsumi Abe, Hikaru Tsuchiya, Mizuki Honda
[Purpose] The fingernails allow for increased sensory perception at the finger pulp, and contribute to the accurate picking up of small objects. The purpose of the present study was to clarify the effect of fingernail length on hand dexterity using subjects' own fingernails. [Subjects and Methods] The hand sizes and fingernail configurations of 38 young healthy volunteers (eighteen males and twenty females) were measured. The effect of fingernail length (0 and 2 mm) on hand dexterity also was investigated using the simple test for evaluating hand function...
November 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199081/robotic-finger-perturbation-training-improves-finger-postural-steadiness-and-hand-dexterity
#11
Yasuhide Yoshitake, Atsutoshi Ikeda, Minoru Shinohara
The purpose of the study was to understand the effect of robotic finger perturbation training on steadiness in finger posture and hand dexterity in healthy young adults. A mobile robotic finger training system was designed to have the functions of high-speed mechanical response, two degrees of freedom, and adjustable loading amplitude and direction. Healthy young adults were assigned to one of the three groups: random perturbation training (RPT), constant force training (CFT), and control. Subjects in RPT and CFT performed steady posture training with their index finger using the robot in different modes: random force in RPT and constant force in CFT...
February 2018: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168264/beneficial-effects-of-an-investigational-wristband-containing-synsepalum-dulcificum-miracle-fruit-seed-oil-on-the-performance-of-hand-and-finger-motor-skills-in-healthy-subjects-a-randomized-controlled-preliminary-study
#12
Steven Gorin, Charles Wakeford, Guodong Zhang, Elvira Sukamtoh, Charles Joseph Matteliano, Alfred Earl Finch
Miracle fruit (Synsepalum dulcificum) seed oil (MFSO) contains phytochemicals and nutrients reported to affect musculoskeletal performance. The purpose of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of a compression wristband containing MFSO on its ability to measurably improve the hand and finger motor skills of participants. Healthy right-handed participants (n = 38) were randomized in this double-blind, placebo-controlled study of MFSO and vehicle wristbands. Subjects wore the wristband on their left hand 4-6 weeks and then only on their right hand 2-4 weeks; the contralateral untreated hand served as an additional control...
February 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132379/effects-of-somatosensory-electrical-stimulation-on-motor-function-and-cortical-oscillations
#13
Adelyn P Tu-Chan, Nikhilesh Natraj, Jason Godlove, Gary Abrams, Karunesh Ganguly
BACKGROUND: Few patients recover full hand dexterity after an acquired brain injury such as stroke. Repetitive somatosensory electrical stimulation (SES) is a promising method to promote recovery of hand function. However, studies using SES have largely focused on gross motor function; it remains unclear if it can modulate distal hand functions such as finger individuation. OBJECTIVE: The specific goal of this study was to monitor the effects of SES on individuation as well as on cortical oscillations measured using EEG, with the additional goal of identifying neurophysiological biomarkers...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100805/development-of-the-modified-simple-test-for-evaluating-hand-function-modified-stef-construct-reliability-validity-and-responsiveness
#14
Keisuke Irie, Hirokatsu Iseki, Satomi Okamoto, Kazuhiro Okamoto, Seiji Nishimura, Kenji Kagechika
STUDY DESIGN: Clinimetric evaluation study. INTRODUCTION: Despite the availability of numerous performance tests to measure finger dexterity, there is no international consensus on hand function evaluation. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the reliability, validity, and responsiveness of the modified version of the simple test for evaluating hand function (STEF), which is widely used in Japan. METHODS: The intrarater (n = 40) and inter-rater (n = 32) reliability of the modified STEF was evaluated by calculating the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), models (1,1) and (2,1), respectively, in healthy individuals...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097982/evaluating-hand-function-in-clients-with-trigger-finger
#15
Danit Langer, Adina Maeir, Michael Michailevich, Shai Luria
Background: Trigger finger (TF) is a common hand pathology frequently encountered in hand clinics. Occupational therapists predominantly assess TF symptoms as opposed to using standardized hand functioning assessments. The purpose of this study was to assess the construct validity of dexterity and grip strength assessments for clients with TF. Method: Sixty-three participants with TF and 66 healthy controls were administered the Functional Dexterity Test (FDT), Purdue Pegboard Test (PPT), and Jamar® Hydraulic Hand Dynamometer (JD) and completed the Disabilities of Arm Shoulder and Hand questionnaire (DASH)...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096181/improvement-in-children-s-fine-motor-skills-following-a-computerized-typing-intervention
#16
Hannah L McGlashan, Caroline C V Blanchard, Nicole J Sycamore, Rachel Lee, Blandine French, Nicholas P Holmes
Children spend a large proportion of their school day engaged in tasks that require manual dexterity. If children experience difficulties with their manual dexterity skills it can have a consequential effect on their academic achievement. The first aim of this paper was to explore whether an online interactive typing intervention could improve children's scores on a standardised measure of manual dexterity. The second aim was to implement a serial reaction time tapping task as an index of children's finger movement learning, and to see whether performance on this task would improve after the intervention...
December 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076439/influence-of-shift-work-on-manual-dexterity-and-reaction-time-in-tunisian-nurses
#17
Irtyah Merchaoui, Neila Chaari, Mohamed Bouhlel, Lamia Bouzgarrou, Jacques Malchaire, Mohamed Akrout
BACKGROUND: Major effects of shift schedule are related to sleep alertness and performance, but also to long term health outcomes. For nurses, these negative effects have consequences not only on the individual, but also on the workplace, as decreased alertness and reduced job performance could endanger human lives. OBJECTIVE: The specific aim of our study is to assess the influence of shift schedule on nurses´ cognitive ability and rapidity of execution. METHOD: Our survey is a cross sectional study which had been conducted for 15 months; it involved a sample of 293 participants representative of 1118 nurses working in two Tunisian university hospitals...
2017: Recent Patents on Inflammation & Allergy Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037114/home-based-hand-rehabilitation-with-a-robotic-glove-in-hemiplegic-patients-after-stroke-a-pilot-feasibility-study
#18
Palmira Bernocchi, Chiara Mulè, Fabio Vanoglio, Giovanni Taveggia, Alberto Luisa, Simonetta Scalvini
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and safety of home rehabilitation of the hand using a robotic glove, and, in addition, its effectiveness, in hemiplegic patients after stroke. METHODS: In this non-randomized pilot study, 21 hemiplegic stroke patients (Ashworth spasticity index ≤ 3) were prescribed, after in-hospital rehabilitation, a 2-month home-program of intensive hand training using the Gloreha Lite glove that provides computer-controlled passive mobilization of the fingers...
March 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946577/effect-of-task-specific-training-and-wrist-fingers-extension-splint-on-hand-joints-range-of-motion-and-function-after-stroke
#19
Mohamed E Khallaf, Mariam A Ameer, Eman E Fayed
BACKGROUND: Most stroke patients experience hand impairments that can result in persistent limitations in daily activities. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at estimating the immediate and retention effects of task specific training and wrist/fingers extension splint on hand joints range of motion and function after stroke. METHODS: Twenty-four right handed patients with first ever stroke represented the sample of the study. The participants were randomly assigned into two equal groups...
2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946514/upper-limb-motor-and-sensory-function-in-patients-with-hip-fracture-comparison-with-community-dwelling-older-adults
#20
Hiroyuki Hayashi, Daiki Nakashima, Hiroka Matsuoka, Midori Iwai, Shugo Nakamura, Ayumi Kubo, Naoki Tomiyama
BACKGROUND: Upper-limb function is important in patients with hip fracture so they can perform activities of daily living and participate in leisure activities. Upper-limb function of these patients, however, has not been thoroughly investigated. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the upper-limb motor and sensory functions in patients with hip fracture by comparing these functions with those of community-dwelling older adults (control group). METHODS: We compared the results of motor and sensory function tests of upper-limb function - range of motion, strength, sensibility, finger dexterity, comprehensive hand function - between patients with hip fracture (n= 32) and the control group (n= 32)...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
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