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definitions of urinary tract infection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753570/xanthogranulomatous-pyelonephritis-a-complicated-febrile-urinary-tract-infection-detected-by-point-of-care-ultrasound-in-the-emergency-department
#1
Ryan Gibbons, Nicole Leonard, Mark Magee, Allison Zanaboni, Jessica Patterson, Thomas Costantino
BACKGROUND: Febrile urinary tract infections (UTIs) include a spectrum of pathologies from uncomplicated pyelonephritis to urosepsis, including xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP). Most febrile UTIs are treated with antibiotics alone, but studies indicate nearly 12% of cases of presumed simple pyelonephritis require emergent urologic intervention. How to identify these individuals, while limiting unnecessary advanced imaging and delays in diagnosis, challenges all emergency providers...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738178/-thulium-laser-vaporization-versus-transurethral-resection-of-the-prostate-and-risk-factors-for-postoperative-urethral-stricture
#2
Wen Song, Tao Wang, Qing Ling, Xia-Ming Liu, Zhong Chen, Xiao-Dong Song, Xiao-Lin Guo, Qian-Yuan Zhuang, Shao-Gang Wang, Ji-Hong Liu
Objective: To compare thulium laser vaporization of the prostate (TLVP) and transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) in the treatment of benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) analyze the risk factors for postoperative urethral stricture. METHODS: From June 2015 to June 2016, 210 BPH patients in our hospital underwent TURP (n = 126) or TLVP (n = 84). We followed up the patients for 6 months, compared the effects of the two surgical strategies and analyzed the risk factors for postoperative urethral stricture by multivariate logistic regression analysis...
December 2017: Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue, National Journal of Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727546/-ningmitai-capsule-for-the-treatment-of-andrological-diseases-advances-in-studies
#3
REVIEW
Hong-Cai Cai, Xue-Jun Shang
Ningmitai Capsule is a classical patent medicine prepared from multiple effective ingredients of Chinese herbal medicine, with a wide range of biological activities and a significant efficacy in the treatment of urogenital diseases. Ningmitai Capsule has been widely applied in the management of urological and andrological diseases, with a particularly ideal effect on chronic prostatitis, since its first introduction nearly 20 years ago. With no obvious adverse effect on the male reproductive system, it has also been gaining a gradual application in the treatment of such diseases as urinary tract infections, diabetes, non-gonococcal urethritis, seminal vesiculitis, acute epididymitis, overactive bladder, hematuria, and semen non-liquefaction...
October 2017: Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue, National Journal of Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698542/point-prevalence-of-healthcare-associated-infections-and-antibiotic-use-in-three-large-swiss-acute-care-hospitals
#4
Aliki Metsini, Miriam Vazquez, Rami Sommerstein, Jonas Marschall, Cathy Voide, Nicolas Troillet, Céline Gardiol, Didier Pittet, Walter Zingg, The Swissnoso Network
BACKGROUND: The overall burden of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) remains high, even in high-income countries. However, the current burden of HAI in Switzerland is unknown. Prevalence surveys have a long tradition in the field of infection prevention and control for measuring both HAI and antimicrobial use. The objective of this survey was to test the point prevalence survey (PPS) methodology of the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) in acute-care hospitals in Switzerland...
April 26, 2018: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665877/the-impact-of-2015-nhsn-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection-cauti-definition-change-on-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infection-clabsi-rates-and-clabsi-prevention-efforts-at-an-academic-medical-center
#5
Sonali D Advani, Rachael A Lee, Martha Long, Mariann Schmitz, Bernard C Camins
The 2015 changes in the catheter-associated urinary tract infection definition led to an increase in central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) and catheter-related candidemia in some health systems due to the change in CLABSI attribution. However, our rates remained unchanged in 2015 and further declined in 2016 with the implementation of new vascular-access guidelines.Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2018;1-3.
April 18, 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663148/urinary-bladder-worm-pearsonema-sp-infection-in-domestic-dogs-and-cats-in-mexico-at-a-high-altitude
#6
Javier Del-Angel-Caraza, Israel Alejandro Quijano-Hernández, Edgardo Soriano-Vargas, Marco Antonio Barbosa-Mireles, José Simón Martínez-Castañeda
Urinary bladder worm infection is relatively uncommon in pet dogs and cats in the Americas. This report describes the diagnosis of lower urinary tract infection by Pearsonema plica in two asymptomatic dogs and P. feliscati in a cat with lower urinary tract clinical signs diagnosed between 2002 and 2015, and the first report of this type of parasitism in domestic small animals in Mexico at an altitude above 2600 m above sea level. The studied cases demonstrate the need to consider a urinary bladder worm infection in domestic small animals, both stray animals and those with controlled access to the streets...
April 16, 2018: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653162/inconsistency-in-the-definition-of-urinary-tract-infection-after-intravesical-botulinum-toxin-a-injection-a-systematic-review
#7
Andrew W Stamm, Sarah A Adelstein, Andrew Chen, Alvaro Lucioni, Kathleen C Kobashi, Una J Lee
PURPOSE: In order to more accurately examine the rate of urinary tract infection following onabotulinumtoxinA injection of the bladder, we systematically reviewed the literature for definitions of urinary tract infection utilized in series that reported on onabotulinumtoxinA injections and assessed them for consistency with guideline statements defining urinary tract infections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed via query using MEDLINE and EMBASE...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556979/is-fluoroquinolone-monotherapy-a-useful-alternative-treatment-for-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-bacteraemia
#8
Ping-Feng Wu, Yi-Tsung Lin, Fu-Der Wang, Tsuey-Ching Yang, Chang-Phone Fung
PURPOSE: Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteraemia is associated with high mortality, and most monotherapies are beta-lactam-based. We aimed to investigate clinical outcomes of definitive fluoroquinolone monotherapy versus beta-lactam monotherapy for P. aeruginosa bacteraemia. METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled adult patients receiving definitive monotherapy with beta-lactam or fluoroquinolone between November 2013 and November 2014 at Taipei Veterans General Hospital...
March 20, 2018: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551201/impact-of-a-change-in-surveillance-definition-on-performance-assessment-of-a-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection-prevention-program-at-a-tertiary-care-medical-center
#9
Madhuri M Sopirala, Asma Syed, Roman Jandarov, Margaret Lewis
BACKGROUND: In January 2015, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)/National Health Safety Network (NHSN) changed the definition of catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI). We evaluated the outcomes of a robust CAUTI prevention program when we performed surveillance using the old definition (before 2015) versus the new definition (after 2015). This is the first study to evaluate how the change in CDC/NHSN definitions affected the outcomes of a CAUTI reduction program...
March 16, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29539622/the-2017-update-of-the-german-clinical-guideline-on-epidemiology-diagnostics-therapy-prevention-and-management-of-uncomplicated-urinary-tract-infections-in-adult-patients-part-ii-therapy-and-prevention
#10
Jennifer Kranz, Stefanie Schmidt, Cordula Lebert, Laila Schneidewind, Falitsa Mandraka, Mirjam Kunze, Sina Helbig, Winfried Vahlensieck, Kurt Naber, Guido Schmiemann, Florian M Wagenlehner
BACKGROUND: We aimed to update the 2010 evidence- and consensus-based national clinical guideline on the diagnosis and management of uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTIs) in adult patients. Results are published in 2 parts. Part 1 covers methods, the definition of patient groups, and diagnostics. This second publication focuses on treatment of acute episodes of cystitis and pyelonephritis as well as on prophylaxis of recurrent UTIs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An interdisciplinary group consisting of 17 representatives of 12 medical societies and a patient representative was formed...
2018: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520590/role-of-urinary-tract-infection-in-bladder-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Christopher E Bayne, Dannah Farah, Katherine W Herbst, Michael H Hsieh
PURPOSE: We sought to examine the literature reporting the effect of urinary tract infection (UTI) on non-schistosomiasis-related UBC (UBCNS ) through a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: A predefined study protocol was developed according to PRISMA. Medline and Scopus were searched for all studies investigating exposure to UTI with UBCNS as the primary outcome. Potential studies were screened against eligibility criteria. Clinical heterogeneity was assessed and groups with more than two studies were evaluated by random effect meta-analysis...
March 8, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482936/two-year-outcomes-of-sacral-neuromodulation-versus-onabotulinumtoxina-for-refractory-urgency-urinary-incontinence-a-randomized-trial
#12
Cindy L Amundsen, Yuko M Komesu, Christopher Chermansky, W Thomas Gregory, Deborah L Myers, Emily F Honeycutt, Sandip P Vasavada, John N Nguyen, Tracey S Wilson, Heidi S Harvie, Dennis Wallace
BACKGROUND: Urgency urinary incontinence (UUI) is a chronic condition for which sacral neuromodulation (SNM) (InterStim/Medtronic) and onabotulinumtoxinA (BTX) (BotoxA/Allergan) are utilized. These therapies have not been compared over extended time. OBJECTIVE: To compare UUI episodes (UUIE) over 24 mo following SNM or BTX. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Multicenter, open-label, randomized, extension trial (February 2012-July 2016) at nine US medical centers involving 386 women with ≥6 UUIE over 3 d inadequately managed by medications...
February 23, 2018: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466956/outcome-and-prognostic-factors-of-patients-with-right-sided-infective-endocarditis-requiring-intensive-care-unit-admission
#13
Hugues Georges, Olivier Leroy, Norair Airapetian, Nicolas Lamblin, Elie Zogheib, Patrick Devos, Sebastien Preau
BACKGROUND: Right-sided infective endocarditis (RSIE) is an uncommon diagnosis accounting for less than 10% of cases of infective endocarditis. Optimal management for severely ill patients with RSIE remains challenging because few studies reported on management and outcome. The goal of our study was to determine outcome and associated prognostic factors in a population of ICU patients with a diagnosis of definite, active and severe RSIE. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study in 10 French ICUs between January 2002 and December 2012...
February 21, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457579/clinical-relevance-of-the-2014-and-2015-national-healthcare-safety-network-s-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection-definitions
#14
Heather L Young, Bryan C Knepper, Whitney Daum, Tara Janosz, Larissa M Pisney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398584/endoscopic-balloon-dilatation-in-primary-obstructive-megaureter-long-term-results
#15
I Casal Beloy, I Somoza Argibay, M García González, M A García Novoa, L M Míguez Fortes, T Dargallo Carbonell
BACKGROUND: Open neoureterocystostomy is the traditional surgical treatment for primary obstructive megaureter (POM). Endoscopic balloon dilation is a new minimally invasive alternative. It has been shown to be a safe and effective endoscopic procedure over short-term follow-up; however, few studies have shown its long-term efficacy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term results and complications of balloon dilation for the treatment of primary obstructive megaureter in infants...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397230/effectiveness-of-a-bundled-approach-to-reduce-urinary-catheters-and-infection-rates-in-trauma-patients
#16
Paige E Davies, Mitchell J Daley, Jonathan Hecht, Athena Hobbs, Caroline Burger, Lynda Watkins, Taya Murray, Katherine Shea, Sadia Ali, Lawrence H Brown, Thomas B Coopwood, Carlos V R Brown
BACKGROUND: Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) are common nosocomial infections. In 2015, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services began imposing financial penalties for institutions where CAUTI rates are higher than predicted. However, the surveillance definition for CAUTI is not a clinical diagnosis and may represent asymptomatic bacteriuria. The objective of this study was to compare rates of urinary catheterization and CAUTI before and after the implementation of a bundled intervention...
January 31, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395511/healthcare-associated-infections-in-the-neurological-intensive-care-unit-results-of-a-6-year-surveillance-study-at-a-major-tertiary-care-center
#17
Yasser B Abulhasan, Susan P Rachel, Marc-Olivier Châtillon-Angle, Najayeb Alabdulraheem, Ian Schiller, Nandini Dendukuri, Mark R Angle, Charles Frenette
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) occur frequently in neurological intensive care units (neuro-ICUs); however, data differentiating associations with various diagnostic categories and resulting burdens are limited. This prospective cohort study reported incidence rates, pathogen distribution, and patient-related outcomes of HAIs in a neuro-ICU population from April 2010 to March 2016. METHODS: Laboratory results and specific clinical indicators were used to categorize infections as per National Healthcare Safety Network nosocomial infection surveillance definitions...
January 25, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376606/-the-role-of-the-uretral-catheter-in-the-development-of-catheter-related-urinary-tract-infection
#18
REVIEW
A O Vasilyev, A V Govorov, A A Shiryaev, D Yu Pushkar
The most common source of nosocomial infection is the urinary tract, especially if they it is drained with a urethral catheter. Catheter-associated urinary tract infections account for at least 80% of all complicated urinary tract infections and are the most common type of hospital-acquired infection. Intestinal microflora plays the leading role in the pathogenesis of catheter-associated urinary tract infections, whereas the most important risk factor for their development is the long duration of urinary catheter drainage...
December 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370234/febrile-urinary-tract-infection-due-to-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-children-a-french-prospective-multicenter-study
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Fouad Madhi, Camille Jung, Sandra Timsit, Corinne Levy, Sandra Biscardi, Mathie Lorrot, Emmanuel Grimprel, Laure Hees, Irina Craiu, Aurelien Galerne, François Dubos, Emmanuel Cixous, Véronique Hentgen, Stéphane Béchet, Stéphane Bonacorsi, Robert Cohen
OBJECTIVES: To assess the management of febrile urinary-tract infection (FUTIs) due to extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) in children, the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Group of the French Pediatric Society set up an active surveillance network in pediatric centers across France in 2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively analysed data from 2014 to 2016 for all children < 18 years old who received antibiotic treatment for FUTI due to ESBL-E in 24 pediatric centers...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355906/antibiotic-therapy-for-preventing-infections-in-people-with-acute-stroke
#20
REVIEW
Jan-Dirk Vermeij, Willeke F Westendorp, Diederik Wj Dippel, Diederik van de Beek, Paul J Nederkoorn
BACKGROUND: Stroke is the main cause of disability in high-income countries and ranks second as a cause of death worldwide. Infections occur frequently after stroke and may adversely affect outcome. Preventive antibiotic therapy in the acute phase of stroke may reduce the incidence of infections and improve outcome. In the previous version of this Cochrane Review, published in 2012, we found that antibiotics did reduce the risk of infection but did not reduce the number of dependent or deceased patients...
January 22, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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