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Paternal support in pregnancy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733398/pre-pregnancy-fast-food-and-fruit-intake-is-associated-with-time-to-pregnancy
#1
Jessica A Grieger, Luke E Grzeskowiak, Tina Bianco-Miotto, Tanja Jankovic-Karasoulos, Lisa J Moran, Rebecca L Wilson, Shalem Y Leemaqz, Lucilla Poston, Lesley McCowan, Louise C Kenny, Jenny Myers, James J Walker, Robert J Norman, Gus A Dekker, Claire T Roberts
STUDY QUESTION: Is preconception dietary intake associated with reduced fecundity as measured by a longer time to pregnancy (TTP)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Lower intake of fruit and higher intake of fast food in the preconception period were both associated with a longer TTP. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Several lifestyle factors, such as smoking and obesity, have consistently been associated with a longer TTP or infertility, but the role of preconception diet in women remains poorly studied...
May 4, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680523/fathers-involvement-during-pregnancy-and-childbirth-an-integrative-literature-review
#2
REVIEW
Weilin Lynn Xue, Shefaly Shorey, Wenru Wang, Hong-Gu He
OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of existing literature on the current perceived levels of paternal involvement during the pregnancy and childbirth periods and the factors influencing this involvement. DESIGN: An integrative literature review. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search was conducted using the databases of PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Scopus. REVIEW METHODS: Studies were included for the review if they were published in English from the period of 2005-2015...
April 11, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663601/psychiatric-disorders-among-children-of-parents-with-cancer-a-swedish-register-based-matched-cohort-study
#3
Ruoqing Chen, Amanda Regodón Wallin, Eva Norén Selinus, Arvid Sjölander, Katja Fall, Unnur Valdimarsdóttir, Kamila Czene, Fang Fang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk of psychiatric disorders among children of parents with cancer in a nationwide population-based setting. METHODS: Based on Swedish national registers, the study included 101,339 children with parental cancer diagnosed either during pregnancy (N=1,047) or after birth (N=100,292) that were born during 1983-2000. For each exposed child, we randomly selected 10 unexposed children from the general population after individual matching by year of birth and sex...
April 16, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608712/influence-of-early-life-risk-factors-on-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-weight-gain
#4
Isabel Iguacel, Alexandra Chung, Emma Gearon, Luis A Moreno, Anna Peeters, Kathryn Backholer
Background: Previous research has examined the role of early-life risk factors on childhood weight gain.The extent to which these factors drive socioeconomic differences in weight is unclear. We aimed to quantify the influence of early-life risk factors on the development of socioeconomic inequalities in children's body mass index (BMI) z-score at 10-11 years. Methods: Overall, 2186 children from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children were examined. Socioeconomic position (SEP) was measured as a continuous composite of parent's education, occupation and income...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549397/early-life-risk-factors-and-their-cumulative-effects-as-predictors-of-overweight-in-spanish-children
#5
Isabel Iguacel, Laura Escartín, Juan M Fernández-Alvira, Iris Iglesia, Idoia Labayen, Luis A Moreno, María Pilar Samper, Gerardo Rodríguez
OBJECTIVES: To explore early life risk factors of overweight/obesity at age 6 years and their cumulative effects on overweight/obesity at ages 2, 4 and 6 years. METHODS: Altogether 1031 Spanish children were evaluated at birth and during a 6-year follow-up. Early life risk factors included: parental overweight/obesity, parental origin/ethnicity, maternal smoking during pregnancy, gestational weight gain, gestational age, birth weight, caesarean section, breastfeeding practices and rapid infant weight gain collected via hospital records...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534225/childhood-and-parental-asthma-future-risk-of-bipolar-disorder-and-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-a-population-based-cohort-study
#6
Qiong Wu, Christina Dalman, Håkan Karlsson, Glyn Lewis, David P J Osborn, Renee Gardner, Joseph F Hayes
Background: Mounting evidence implicates early life and prenatal immune disturbances in the etiology of severe mental illnesses. Asthma is a common illness associated with chronic aberrant immune responses. We aimed to determine if asthma in childhood and parents is associated with bipolar and schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Methods: A cohort study including all children born in Sweden 1973-1995 (N > 2 million) assessing associations between childhood hospitalization for asthma, parental asthma during and pre-pregnancy, and subsequent bipolar and schizophrenia spectrum disorders...
March 9, 2018: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486217/parental-hospital-treated-somatic-illnesses-during-offspring-s-childhood-associated-with-later-offspring-use-of-psychotropic-medication-during-childhood-to-young-adult-the-1987-finnish-birth-cohort-study
#7
Marko Merikukka, Sami Räsänen, Helinä Hakko, Tiina Ristikari, Mika Gissler, Mika Niemelä
This study aimed to systematically examine whether parental hospital-treated somatic illnesses, diagnosed during an offspring's childhood (1987-1995), are associated with later use of psychotropic medication (1996-2012) by the offspring. If so, which parental somatic illnesses, in particular, increase the likelihood for later use of psychotropic medication among the offspring. The 1987 Finnish Birth Cohort study yields longitudinal nationwide follow-up data that include a complete census of children born in a single year...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472946/heavy-chronic-intermittent-ethanol-exposure-alters-small-noncoding-rnas-in-mouse-sperm-and-epididymosomes
#8
Gregory R Rompala, Anais Mounier, Cody M Wolfe, Qishan Lin, Iliya Lefterov, Gregg E Homanics
While the risks of maternal alcohol abuse during pregnancy are well-established, several preclinical studies suggest that chronic preconception alcohol consumption by either parent may also have significance consequences for offspring health and development. Notably, since isogenic male mice used in these studies are not involved in gestation or rearing of offspring, the cross-generational effects of paternal alcohol exposure suggest a germline-based epigenetic mechanism. Many recent studies have demonstrated that the effects of paternal environmental exposures such as stress or malnutrition can be transmitted to the next generation via alterations to small noncoding RNAs in sperm...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455723/addressing-a-critical-gap-in-u-s-national-teen-pregnancy-prevention-programs-the-acceptability-and-feasibility-of-father-based-sexual-and-reproductive-health-interventions-for-latino-adolescent-males
#9
Vincent Guilamo-Ramos, Alex S Bowman, Diane Santa Maria, Francesca Kabemba, Yoyce Geronimo
PURPOSE: The purpose of the research was to examine the feasibility and acceptability of a father-based sexual and reproductive health intervention designed to reduce sexual and reproductive (SRH) disparities and increase correct and consistent condom use among Latino adolescent males. METHODS: The current study conducted in-depth semi-structured interviews with Latino father-son dyads (N=30) designed to elicit perspectives on communication regarding sex and condom use...
March 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410387/text-based-program-addressing-the-mental-health-of-soon-to-be-and-new-fathers-sms4dads-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Richard Fletcher, Chris May, John Attia, Craig Franklin Garfield, Geoff Skinner
BACKGROUND: Recent estimates indicating that approximately 10% of fathers experience Paternal Perinatal Depression (PPND) and the increasing evidence of the impact of PPND on child development suggest that identifying and assisting distressed fathers is justified on public health grounds. However, addressing new fathers' mental health needs requires overcoming men's infrequent contact with perinatal health services and their reluctance to seek help. Text-based interventions delivering information and support have the potential to reach such groups in order to reduce the impact of paternal perinatal distress and to improve the wellbeing of their children...
February 6, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310444/safety-of-galcanezumab-in-patients-with-episodic-migraine-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-dose-ranging-phase-2b-study
#11
Tina Marie Myers Oakes, Vladimir Skljarevski, Qi Zhang, William Kielbasa, Michael E Hodsdon, Holland C Detke, Angelo Camporeale, Joel R Saper
Background Safety findings from a Phase 2b study of galcanezumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody against calcitonin gene-related peptide, for prevention of migraine (NCT02163993) are reported here. Methods Patients aged 18-65 years with episodic migraine were evaluated in this multicenter, double-blind, randomized study. After randomization, 410 patients were administered 5, 50, 120 or 300 mg of galcanezumab or placebo subcutaneously once every 4 weeks for 12 weeks, followed by a post-treatment off-drug period lasting 12 weeks...
May 2018: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301586/effectiveness-of-a-psycho-educational-intervention-to-prevent-postpartum-parental-distress-and-enhance-infant-well-being-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Marjolein Missler, Roseriet Beijers, Jaap Denissen, Annemieke van Straten
BACKGROUND: The first months after birth can be challenging for parents, leading to parental distress and decreased well-being. Parents with high levels of distress are found to respond less adequately and sensitively to their infant, which in turn affects infant well-being and health. The goal of this study is to examine the effectiveness of a psycho-educational intervention to prevent postpartum parental distress and enhance the quality of caregiving and infant well-being. In contrast to other interventions, this intervention will be (1) offered already before birth, (2) offered to all parents-to-be, regardless of their risk of postpartum distress, and (3) include fathers...
January 4, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244063/maternal-psychosocial-stress-associates-with-increased-risk-of-asthma-development-in-offspring
#13
Maria C Magnus, Rosalind J Wright, Espen Røysamb, Christine L Parr, Øystein Karlstad, Christian M Page, Per Nafstad, Siri E Håberg, Stephanie J London, Wenche Nystad
Prenatal maternal psychosocial stress might influence childhood asthma development. Evaluating paternal psychosocial stress and conducting a sibling comparison could provide further insight into the role of unmeasured confounding. We examined the associations of parental psychosocial stress during and after pregnancy with asthma at 7 years in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (n = 63,626). Measures of psychosocial stress included lifetime major depressive symptoms, current anxiety/depression symptoms, use of antidepressants, anxiolytics and/or hypnotics, life satisfaction, relationship satisfaction, work stress and social support...
December 13, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218490/fathers-count-the-impact-of-paternal-risk-factors-on-birth-outcomes
#14
Ying Meng, Susan W Groth
Objective To determine the contribution of paternal factors to the risk of adverse birth outcomes. Methods This is a retrospective cross-sectional analysis using birth certificate data from 2004 to 2015 retrieved from the Finger Lakes Regional Perinatal Data System. Primiparous women with singleton pregnancies were analyzed in the study. Two multivariate logistic regression models were conducted to assess potential paternal risk factors including age, race/ethnicity, and education on four birth outcomes, including preterm birth (PTB), low birthweight (LBW), high birthweight (HBW), and small for gestational age (SGA)...
March 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198470/parental-advisory-maternal-and-paternal-stress-can-impact-offspring-neurodevelopment
#15
REVIEW
Jennifer C Chan, Bridget M Nugent, Tracy L Bale
Parental stress exposures are implicated in the risk for offspring neurodevelopmental and neuropsychiatric disorders, prompting critical examination of preconception and prenatal periods as vulnerable to environmental insults such as stress. Evidence from human studies and animal models demonstrates the influence that both maternal and paternal stress exposures have in changing the course of offspring brain development. Mechanistic examination of modes of intergenerational transmission of exposure during pregnancy has pointed to alterations in placental signaling, including changes in inflammatory, nutrient-sensing, and epigenetic pathways...
October 13, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186532/loss-of-offspring-peg3-reduces-neonatal-ultrasonic-vocalizations-and-increases-maternal-anxiety-in-wild-type-mothers
#16
G I McNamara, H D J Creeth, D J Harrison, K E Tansey, R M Andrews, A R Isles, R M John
Depression and anxiety are the most common mental health conditions during pregnancy and can impair the normal development of mother-infant interactions. These adversities are associated with low birth weight and increased risk of behavioural disorders in children. We recently reported reduced expression of the imprinted gene PATERNALLY EXPRESSED GENE 3 (PEG3) in placenta of human infants born to depressed mothers. Expression of Peg3 in the brain has previously been linked maternal behaviour in rodents, at least in some studies, with mutant dams neglecting their pups...
February 1, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144191/paternal-involvement-and-support-and-risk-of-preterm-birth-findings-from-the-boston-birth-cohort
#17
Pamela J Surkan, Liming Dong, Yuelong Ji, Xiumei Hong, Hongkai Ji, Mary Kimmel, Wan-Yee Tang, Xiaobin Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate to what extent paternal involvement and support during pregnancy were associated with preterm (PTB) and small-for-gestational age (SGA) births. METHODS: Using data from the Boston Birth Cohort (n = 7047), multiple logistic regression models were performed to estimate the log odds of either PTB or SGA birth, with paternal involvement, paternal social support, and family and friend social support variables as the primary independent variables...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128989/infant-mortality-lessons-learned-from-a-fetal-and-infant-mortality-review-program
#18
Haywood L Brown, Mark Smith, Yvonne Beasley, Teri Conard, Anne Lise Musselman, Virginia A Caine
Objective To review fetal and infant deaths from women enrolled in Indianapolis Healthy Start using the National Fetal and Infant Mortality Review (FIMR) methods to provide strategies for prevention. METHODS: Marion County Public Health Department (MCPHD) FIMR staff identified and reviewed 22 fetal and infant deaths to Indianapolis Healthy Start program participants between 2005 and 2012. Trained FIMR nurses completed 13 of 20 maternal interviews and compiled case summaries of all deaths from the MCPHD FIMR database...
December 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040553/longitudinal-depression-or-anxiety-in-mothers-and-offspring-asthma-a-swedish-population-based-study
#19
Bronwyn K Brew, Cecilia Lundholm, Alexander Viktorin, Paul Lichtenstein, Henrik Larsson, Catarina Almqvist
Background: Previous research has found that maternal stress during pregnancy increases the risk of offspring asthma. However, whether this association is consistent with a causal interpretation has never been tested. The objective is to determine whether there is a critical exposure period for maternal depression or anxiety on offspring asthma or whether cumulative exposure is most important, and to investigate evidence of confounding. Methods: The study population included all children born in Sweden from July 2006 to December 2009 (n = 360 526)...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035711/childhood-adversity-social-support-and-telomere-length-among-perinatal-women
#20
Amanda M Mitchell, Jennifer M Kowalsky, Elissa S Epel, Jue Lin, Lisa M Christian
Adverse perinatal health outcomes are heightened among women with psychosocial risk factors, including childhood adversity and a lack of social support. Biological aging could be one pathway by which such outcomes occur. However, data examining links between psychosocial factors and indicators of biological aging among perinatal women are limited. The current study examined the associations of childhood socioeconomic status (SES), childhood trauma, and current social support with telomere length in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in a sample of 81 women assessed in early, mid, and late pregnancy as well as 7-11 weeks postpartum...
January 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
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