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Paternal support in pregnancy

Dries S Martens, Michelle Plusquin, Wilfried Gyselaers, Immaculata De Vivo, Tim S Nawrot
BACKGROUND: Newborn telomere length sets telomere length for later life. At birth, telomere length is highly variable among newborns and the environmental factors during in utero life for this observation remain largely unidentified. Obesity during pregnancy might reflect an adverse nutritional status affecting pregnancy and offspring outcomes, but the association of maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) with newborn telomere length, as a mechanism of maternal obesity, on the next generation has not been addressed...
October 18, 2016: BMC Medicine
G Barrientos, A Uceda, A Sgariglia, G Giardina, S M Blois, J E Toblli
OBJECTIVE: Severe forms of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, like early-onset preeclampsia (PE), are often linked with abnormal placentation. Genetic factors contributed by the father may be important for placental development, and previous studies support the existence of a paternal component for PE and fetal growth restriction. Thus, the present study was conducted to evaluate the influence of arterial hypertension as a paternal factor on placental development and fetal growth in normal female rats...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Bo Lund Krogsgaard Chawes
Asthma and allergies are today the most common chronic diseases in children and the leading causes of school absences, chronic medication usage, emergency department visits and hospitalizations, which affect all members of the family and represent a significant societal and scientific challenge. These highly prevalent disorders are thought to originate from immune distortion in early childhood, but the etiology and heterogeneity of the disease mechanisms are not understood, which hampers preventive initiatives and makes treatment inadequate...
August 2016: Danish Medical Journal
A E Lange, J R Thyrian, S Wetzka, S Flessa, W Hoffmann, M Zygmunt, C Fusch, H N Lode, M Heckmann
BACKGROUND: Congenital toxoplasmosis is associated with severe complications. German state health insurance covers rubella, but not toxoplasmosis, immunity screening. We analysed the effect of socioeconomic factors on the efficiency of private toxoplasmosis screening during pregnancy. METHODS: Toxoplasmosis and rubella screening data (n = 5402 mothers) were collected within the population-based Survey of Neonates in Pomerania (SNiP). RESULTS: At the first-trimester screening, 34...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Jordyn T Wallenborn, Saba W Masho, Scott Ratliff
Objectives Despite the benefits of breastfeeding, less than a fifth of American mothers breastfeed for the recommended duration. Paternal support plays a major role in maternal and child health outcomes; however, the influence of paternal pregnancy intention on breastfeeding duration is under investigated. This study examines the relationship between fathers' pregnancy intention and breastfeeding duration. Methods Data from the 2011-2013 National Survey of Family Growth were analyzed using cross-sectional methodology...
July 22, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Tanja Švara, Vasilij Cociancich, Katarina Šest, Mitja Gombač, Tomislav Paller, Jože Starič, Cord Drögemüller
BACKGROUND: Hydrops foetalis is defined as excessive fluid accumulation within the foetal extravascular compartments and body cavities. It has been described in human and veterinary medicine, but despite several descriptive studies its aetiology is still not fully clarified. Pulmonary hypoplasia and anasarca (PHA) syndrome is a rare congenital abnormality in cattle that is characterised by hydrops foetalis including extreme subcutaneous oedema (anasarca) and undeveloped or poorly formed lungs (pulmonary hypoplasia)...
2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Maiko Suto, Emi Isogai, Fumino Mizutani, Naoko Kakee, Chizuru Misago, Kenji Takehara
Paternal postpartum depression may affect not only the mental health and wellbeing of fathers but their partners and children. We investigated the point and period prevalence of paternal postpartum depression and its association with factors measured during pregnancy in a regional longitudinal study in Nishio City, Aichi Prefecture, Japan, between December 1, 2012, and April 30, 2013. Data were collected once in pregnancy and five times in the first three months postpartum. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale was used to assess paternal depression, and data were collected in pregnancy on demographic and psychosocial factors...
August 2016: Research in Nursing & Health
Susanne Hvolgaard Mikkelsen, Jørn Olsen, Bodil Hammer Bech, Carsten Obel
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that young mothers more often have children with ADHD. We used sibling comparisons to examine the nature of this association and to investigate if this association is explained by early environment or genetic and socioeconomic factors. METHODS: A large population-based cohort including all singletons born in Denmark from 1 January 1991 through 31 December 2005 was followed from birth until 30 April 2011. Data were available for 94% (N = 943 785) of the population...
May 11, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
E H Yeung, R Sundaram, E M Bell, C Druschel, C Kus, Y Xie, G M Buck Louis
STUDY QUESTION: Does early childhood growth from birth through to 3 years of age differ by mode of conception? SUMMARY ANSWER: Findings suggest early childhood growth was comparable for children irrespective of infertility treatment, but twins conceived with ovulation induction with or without intrauterine insemination (OI/IUI) were slightly smaller than twins conceived without treatment. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Although studies have found that babies conceived with infertility treatment are born lighter and earlier than infants conceived without treatment, little research especially for non-assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatments has focused on their continued growth during early childhood...
July 2016: Human Reproduction
Pamela J Maxson, Sharon E Edwards, Ellis M Valentiner, Marie Lynn Miranda
Objectives Domains of psychosocial health have been separately connected to pregnancy outcomes. This study explores the relationship between five domains of psychosocial health and their joint association with prenatal health and pregnancy outcomes. Methods Women from a prospective cohort study in Durham, North Carolina were clustered based on measures of paternal support, perceived stress, social support, depression, and self-efficacy. Clusters were constructed using the K-means algorithm. We examined associations between psychosocial health and maternal health correlates, pregnancy intention, and pregnancy outcomes using Chi square tests and multivariable models...
June 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Ashok Agarwal, Chak-Lam Cho, Sandro C Esteves
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The clinical utility of sperm DNA fragmentation tests needs to be revisited in light of increasing evidence of detrimental effect of sperm DNA damage on reproductive outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: Current evidence supports the association between high sperm DNA fragmentation and poor outcomes with regards to natural conception and intrauterine insemination. The relationship between high sperm DNA fragmentation and impaired outcomes after in-vitro fertilization and intracytoplasmic sperm injection are more equivocal...
June 2016: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Esther L Wilkinson, Heather A O'Mahen, Pasco Fearon, Sarah Halligan, Dorothy X King, Geva Greenfield, Jacqueline Dunkley-Bent, Jennifer Ericksen, Jeannette Milgrom, Paul G Ramchandani
BACKGROUND: National guidelines in the UK, United States of America, Canada, and Australia have recently stressed the importance of identifying and treating antenatal anxiety and depression. However, there is little research into the most effective and acceptable ways of helping women manage their symptoms of anxiety and stress during pregnancy. Research indicates the necessity to consider the unique needs and concerns of perinatal populations to ensure treatment engagement, highlighting the need to develop specialised treatments which could be integrated within routine antenatal healthcare services...
2016: Trials
Saeedeh Azary, Arupa Ganguly, Greta R Bunin, Christina Lombardi, Andrew S Park, Beate Ritz, Julia E Heck
BACKGROUND: Retinoblastoma is the most frequent tumor of the eye in children and very little is known about the etiology of non-familial (sporadic) retinoblastoma. In this study we examined whether parental tobacco smoking or alcohol consumption (pre- or post-conception) contribute to the two phenotypes (bilateral or unilateral) of sporadic retinoblastoma. METHODS: Two large multicenter case-control studies identified 488 cases through eye referral centers in the United States and Canada or through the Children's Oncology Group...
2016: PloS One
Nikita Abhyankar, Martin Kathrins, Craig Niederberger
OBJECTIVE: To examine outcomes of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) using testicular versus ejaculated sperm among men with cryptozoospermia. DESIGN: Meta-analysis. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): Men with cryptozoospermia undergoing consecutive ICSI cycles using ejaculated or testicular sperm. INTERVENTION(S): A systematic search was performed using PubMed (inception to August 2015)...
June 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Pamela Pilkington, Lisa Milne, Kathryn Cairns, Thomas Whelan
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews have established that partner support protects against perinatal mood problems. It is therefore a key target for interventions designed to prevent maternal and paternal depression and anxiety. Nonetheless, the extant literature is yet to be translated into specific actions that parents can implement. Prevention efforts aiming to facilitate reciprocal partner support within the couple dyad need to provide specific guidance on how partners can support one another to reduce their vulnerability to perinatal depression and anxiety...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
Maiko Suto, Kenji Takehara, Yumina Yamane, Erika Ota
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of paternal depression in the postnatal period is estimated to be approximately 10 %. Effective partner education during pregnancy has the possibility to prevent postnatal mental health problems and support expectant fathers in their transition to parenthood. This paper describes the protocol of a systematic review that will investigate the effects of prenatal childbirth education for partners of pregnant women particularly on paternal postnatal mental health...
2016: Systematic Reviews
Devidas Menon, Alexa A Nardelli, Tarek Motan, Kristin Klein, Tania Stafinski
OBJECTIVES: This review aims to assess the state of the science around the potential impact of certain patient characteristics on the safety and effectiveness of in vitro fertilization (IVF). METHODS: Following Cochrane Collaboration guidelines and the PRISMA statement, a comprehensive systematic review of reviews and recent primary studies examining the impact of paternal age and maternal age, smoking, and body mass index (BMI) on the safety and effectiveness of IVF was performed...
2015: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
Tullio Ghi, Luisa Cariello, Ludovica Rizzo, Enrico Ferrazzi, Enrico Periti, Federico Prefumo, Tamara Stampalija, Elsa Viora, Carla Verrotti, Giuseppe Rizzo
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to construct fetal biometric charts between 16 and 40 weeks' gestation that were customized for parental characteristics, race, and parity, using quantile regression analysis. METHODS: In a multicenter cross-sectional study, 8070 sonographic examinations from low-risk pregnancies between 16 and 40 weeks' gestation were analyzed. The fetal measurements obtained were biparietal diameter, head circumference, abdominal circumference, and femur diaphysis length...
January 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Steven D Chernausek, Silva Arslanian, Sonia Caprio, Kenneth C Copeland, Laure El ghormli, Megan M Kelsey, Michaela B Koontz, Carisse M Orsi, Denise Wilfley
OBJECTIVE: Children whose parents have diabetes are at increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes. This report assessed relationships between parental diabetes status and baseline demographics, anthropometrics, metabolic measurements, insulin sensitivity, and β-cell function in children recently diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The sample included 632 youth (aged 10-17 years) diagnosed with type 2 diabetes for <2 years who participated in the TODAY clinical trial...
January 2016: Diabetes Care
Y W Koh, A M Lee, C Y Chan, D Y T Fong, C P Lee, K Y Leung, C S K Tang
BACKGROUND: There is emerging evidence of the significance of paternal mental health problems among the expectant fathers during the antenatal and postnatal period. The present study aims at determining the prevalence of paternal perinatal anxiety and identifying its risk factors among the fathers. METHODS: A total of 622 expectant fathers were recruited in Hong Kong. The expectant fathers were assessed using standardized and validated psychological instruments on three time points including early pregnancy, late pregnancy and 6 week postnatal...
2015: BMC Public Health
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