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solar dryers

Mohamed Oussama Belloulid, Hassan Hamdi, Laila Mandi, Naaila Ouazzani
This paper presents a site-specific study of solar drying of wastewater sludge in the region of Marrakesh in Morocco. During the course of the experiments, drying pans (DP) and solar greenhouse drying processes were studied in summer and winter seasons. To simulate the DP process, representative samples were dried in plastic cylindrical plates in ambient conditions, near an Open Greenhouse Sludge Dryer (OGSD) designed and constructed as a tunnel plant. Results showed that the dry solids' (DS) concentration of 80% was reached in only 32 h in summer and 57 h in winter by DP process...
January 11, 2018: Environmental Technology
James Owusu-Kwarteng, Francis K K Kori, Fortune Akabanda
The objective of this work was to determine the effects of blanching and two drying methods, open-sun drying and natural convection solar drying, on the quality characteristics of red pepper. A 2 × 3 factorial design with experimental factors as 2 drying methods (open-sun drying and use of solar dryer) and 3 levels of pepper blanching (unblanched, blanched in plain water, and blanched in 2% NaCl) was conducted. Dried pepper samples were analysed for chemical composition, microbial load, and consumer sensory acceptability...
2017: International Journal of Food Science
Kshanaprava Dhalsamant, Punyadarshini P Tripathy, Shanker L Shrivastava
BACKGROUND: Desirable quality estimation is an important consumer driver for wider acceptability of mixed-mode solar drying of potatoes in food industries. The aim of this study is to characterise rehydration, colour, texture, nanoindentaion and microstructure of dried potato samples and to establish the influence of pre-drying treatment on the above qualities. RESULTS: The water absorption capacity and rehydration ability of solar dried potato were significantly influenced by pretreatment followed by rehydration temperature and sample diameter...
August 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Rebecca R Milczarek, Roberto Avena-Mascareno, Jérôme Alonzo, Mélissa I Fichot
Photo-selective materials have been studied for their effects on the preharvest quality of horticultural crops, but little work has been done on potential postharvest processing effects. The aim of this work was to characterize the effects of 5 different photo-selective acrylic materials (used as the lid to a single-layer sun drying cabinet) on the drying rate and quality of apricots (Prunus armeniaca). Photo-selective cabinet materials that transmit light in the visible portion of the solar spectrum accelerate the apricots' drying rate in both the early period of drying and the course of drying as a whole...
October 2016: Journal of Food Science
P T Akonor, H Ofori, N T Dziedzoave, N K Kortei
The influence of different drying methods on physical and nutritional properties of shrimp meat was investigated in this study. Peeled shrimps were dried separately using an air-oven dryer and a tunnel solar dryer. The drying profile of shrimp meat was determined in the two drying systems by monitoring moisture loss over the drying period. Changes in color, proximate composition, and rehydration capacity were assessed. The rate of moisture removal during solar drying was faster than the air-oven drying. The development of red color during drying was comparable among the two methods, but solar-dried shrimps appeared darker (L (⁎) = 47...
2016: International Journal of Food Science
Henrietta N Ene-Obong, Helen O Okudu, Ukamaka V Asumugha
The nutrient and phytochemical composition of two varieties of Monkey kola: Cola parchycarpa and Cola lepidota were determined. The pulps were extracted, grated and dried using solar dryer. Dried pulps were milled into flour with attrition milling machine (0.5mm sieve size). The nutrient compositions were determined using standard AOAC methods. Gravimetric and spectrophotometric methods were used for phytochemical determinations. There were significant (p<0.05) differences in the proximate and some mineral and vitamin composition of the two varieties...
February 15, 2016: Food Chemistry
T S Workneh, A Zinash, K Woldetsadik
The study was aimed at assessing the quality of pumpkin (Cucuribita Spp.) slices that were subjected to pre-drying treatments and drying using two drying methods (uncontrolled sun and oven) fruit accessions. Pre-drying had significant (P ≤ 0.05) effect on the quality of dried pumpkin slices. 10 % salt solution dipped pumpkin fruit slices had good chemical quality. The two-way interaction between drying methods and pre-drying treatments had significant (P ≤ 0.05) effect on chemical qualities. Pumpkin subjected to salt solution dipping treatment and oven dried had higher chemical concentrations...
November 2014: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Mayıs Kurt, Ayşegül Aksoy, F Dilek Sanin
Thermal drying is a common method to reach above 90% dry solids content (DS) in sludge. However, thermal drying requires high amount of energy and can be expensive. A greenhouse solar dryer (GSD) can be a cost-effective substitute if the drying performance, which is typically 70% DS, can be increased by additional heat. In this study feasibility of GSD supported with solar panels is evaluated as an alternative to thermal dryers to reach 90% DS. Evaluations are based on capital and O&M costs as well as area requirements for 37 wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) with various sludge production rates...
October 1, 2015: Water Research
Y I Sallam, M H Aly, A F Nassar, E A Mohamed
Two identical prototype solar dryers (direct and indirect) having the same dimensions were used to dry whole mint. Both prototypes were operated under natural and forced convection modes. In the case of the later one the ambient air was entered the dryer with the velocity of 4.2 m s(-1). The effect of flow mode and the type of solar dryers on the drying kinetics of whole mint were investigated. Ten empirical models were used to fit the drying curves; nine of them represented well the solar drying behavior of mint...
March 2015: Journal of Advanced Research
P P Tripathy
Drying experiments have been performed with potato cylinders and slices using a laboratory scale designed natural convection mixed-mode solar dryer. The drying data were fitted to eight different mathematical models to predict the drying kinetics, and the validity of these models were evaluated statistically through coefficient of determination (R(2)), root mean square error (RMSE) and reduced chi-square (χ (2)). The present investigation showed that amongst all the mathematical models studied, the Modified Page model was in good agreement with the experimental drying data for both potato cylinders and slices...
March 2015: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Mohammad Jafar Dalvand, Seyed Saeid Mohtasebi, Shahin Rafiee
The purpose of this article was to present a new drying method for agricultural products. Electrohydrodynamic (EHD) has been applied for drying of agricultural materials due to several advantages such as energy saving, low cost equipment, low drying temperatures, and superior material quality. To evaluate this method, an EHD dryer based on solar (photovoltaic) energy was designed and fabricated. Moreover, the optimum condition for the EHD drying of kiwi fruit was studied by applying the Box-Behnken design of response surface methodology...
November 2014: Food Science & Nutrition
Anna Hubackova, Iva Kucerova, Rithy Chrun, Petra Chaloupkova, Jan Banout
A solar drying was investigated as one of perspective techniques for fish processing in Cambodia. The solar drying was compared to conventional drying in electric oven. Five typical Cambodian fish species were selected for this study. Mean solar drying temperature and drying air relative humidity were 55.6 °C and 19.9%, respectively. The overall solar dryer efficiency was 12.37%, which is typical for natural convection solar dryers. An average evaporative capacity of solar dryer was 0.049 kg · h(-1). Based on coefficient of determination (R(2)), chi-square (χ(2)) test, and root-mean-square error (RMSE), the most suitable models describing natural convection solar drying kinetics were Logarithmic model, Diffusion approximate model, and Two-term model for climbing perch and Nile tilapia, swamp eel and walking catfish and Channa fish, respectively...
2014: TheScientificWorldJournal
M R Manikantan, P Barnwal, R K Goyal
Drying characteristics of paddy (long grain variety PR-118 procured from PAU, Ludhiana) in an integrated dryer using single as well as combined heating source was studied at different air temperatures. The integrated dryer comprises three different air heating sources such as solar, biomass and electrical. Drying of paddy occurred in falling rate period. It was observed that duration of drying of paddy from 22 to 13 % moisture content (w.b.) was 5-9 h depending upon the source of energy used. In order to select a suitable drying curve, six thin layer-drying models (Newton, Page, Modified Page, Henderson and Pabis, Logarithmic and Wang and Singh) were fitted to the experimental moisture ratio data...
April 2014: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Amruta R Eswara, M Ramakrishnarao
Increasing population and high cost of fuels have created opportunities for using alternate energies for post-harvest processing of foods. Solar food processing is an emerging technology that provides good quality foods at low or no additional fuel costs. A number of solar dryers, collectors and concentrators are currently being used for various steps in food processing and value addition. Society for Energy, Environment and Development (SEED) developed Solar Cabinet Dryer with forced circulation which has been used for dehydration and development of value added products from locally grown fruits, vegetables, leafy greens and forest produce...
April 2013: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Ashok Kumar, Manpreet Singh, Gurdeep Singh
Freshly harvested mushrooms are highly perishable because of high moisture content metabolism and susceptible to enzymatic browning. Mushroom is a fungal fruiting body which is cultivated throughout the world. Effect on quality of dried mushrooms was studied for various chemical pretreatments viz. 1.0% potassium metabisulphite, 0.5% citric acid, 0.5% potassium metabisulphite + 0.2% citric acid, control and low cost drying methods viz. domestic solar dryer, medium size solar dryer and open sun drying. It was observed that application of 1% potassium metabisulphite treatment prior to drying using medium size solar dryer gave best quality dried mushrooms with results in accordance with statistical analysis...
February 2013: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Ali Coşkun Dalgıç, Hatice Pekmez, Kadir Bülent Belibağlı
Mint leaves were dried by three different types of dryers, namely; tray, freeze and distributed (indirect)-type solar dryer. Sorption isotherms of fresh, solar, tray and freeze dried mint were determined at temperatures of 15 °C, 25 °C and 35 °C over a range of relative humidities (10-90%). The effect of drying method on the water sorption isotherms of dried mint samples was evaluated. Experimental data were used to determine the best models for predicting the moisture sorption content of mint. Among nine sorption models tested, Peleg, GAB, Lewicki and modified Mizrahi equations gave the best fit to experimental data...
August 2012: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Navin Chandra Shahi, Junaid N Khan, Umesh C Lohani, Anupama Singh, Anil Kumar
Polyhouse type solar dryer (PSD) consist of drying chamber, drying trays and exhaust fan was developed for drying fruits and vegetables. The relative humidity (RH) inside the PSD varied in between 21 to 74% as compared to outside RH which ranged from 40 to 75%. The performance was found suitable and resulted in efficient drying at low RH. The thermal performance test for PSD under full and no load testing conditions were calculated. The temperature inside the dryer was 62 to 76% higher than the ambient conditions...
June 2011: Journal of Food Science and Technology
V K Prajapati, Prabhat K Nema, S S Rathore
Value added dried Indian gooseberry (aonla) shreds were prepared using aonla fruits of cv. 'NA-7'. Two blanching methods (hot water and potassium metabisulphite (KMS) at 0.1%) and two drying methods (solar and hot air oven drying) were tried for the production of aonla shreds. Common salt, black salt and ginger juice were mixed for enhancing sensory quality of the product. The best product was obtained with KMS blanching and drying in solar dryer with added common salt at 3%. The most acceptable product had ascorbic acid content 298...
February 2011: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Irene Montero, Teresa Miranda, Jose Ignacio Arranz, Carmen Victoria Rojas
The thin-layer behavior of by-products from olive oil production was determined in a solar dryer in passive and active operation modes for a temperature range of 20-50 °C. The increase in the air temperature reduced the drying time of olive pomace, sludge and olive mill wastewater. Moisture ratio was analyzed to obtain effective diffusivity values, varying in the oil mill by-products from 9.136 × 10(-11) to 1.406 × 10(-9) m(2)/s in forced convection (m(a) = 0.22 kg/s), and from 9.296 × 10(-11) to 6.277 × 10(-10) m(2)/s in natural convection (m(a) = 0...
2011: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
George A Asare, A Sittie, K Bugyei, Ben A Gyan, Samuel Adjei, Phyllis Addo, Edwin K Wiredu, Alex K Nyarko, Lydia S Otu-Nyarko, David Nana Adjei
AIM OF THE STUDY: Croton membranaceus root and leaf extracts are used in the Bahamas to aromatize tobacco, in Nigeria to improve digestion, and in Ghana, for benign prostate hyperplasia. Despite claims of success there is paucity of information on its toxicity. The aim of this study was to determine if Croton membranaceus has acute toxicity properties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Roots were air-dried in a solar dryer for one week before milling. The powder was extracted with 96% ethanol, freeze-dried and re-extracted with distilled water and freeze-dried...
April 12, 2011: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
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