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Shankar Aswani, Anne Lemahieu, Warwick H H Sauer
Local and indigenous knowledge is being transformed globally, particularly being eroded when pertaining to ecology. In many parts of the world, rural and indigenous communities are facing tremendous cultural, economic and environmental changes, which contribute to weaken their local knowledge base. In the face of profound and ongoing environmental changes, both cultural and biological diversity are likely to be severely impacted as well as local resilience capacities from this loss. In this global literature review, we analyse the drivers of various types of local and indigenous ecological knowledge transformation and assess the directionality of the reported change...
2018: PloS One
Csilla Vér, Gergely Hofgárt, Gábor Szima, Gábor Kovács, Zoltán Nyisztor, László Kardos, László Csiba
OBJECTIVE: In neurology the objective evaluation of improvement of paresis on every-day practice. The aim of this study was to develop and test a small 3-d acceleration measuring device and validate its usefulness. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We collected data from 17 mild and medium severity hemiparetic, bedridden acute ischaemic and hemorrhagic stroke patients and compared with data of 22 control subjects. The devices were attached to the paretic and non-paretic extremities and any movements (m/s2) and movement-durations were registered (24h)...
January 30, 2013: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
Osamu Higuchi, Kenji Hanita, Mai Kobayashi, Hideya Kitamura
This research investigated how to overcome temptations and protect high-order goals while pursuing a goal. We hypothesized that in order to promote self-regulation, individuals non-cousciously engage in asymmetric evaluative responses to goal-relevant and temptation-relevant stimuli. In an experiment, we manipulated either diet goal or academic goal. Then, we measured evaluations of either sugary drinks (e.g., Coke, Fanta) or healthy drinks (e.g., Healthya Green Tea, Black Oolong Tea). The results showed that participants who activated a diet goal had significantly more positive evaluations of healthy drinks than sugary drinks...
October 2012: Shinrigaku Kenkyu: the Japanese Journal of Psychology
Arvid Lundervold
BACKGROUND: During the last years, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) of the brain has been introduced as a new tool to measure consciousness, both in a clinical setting and in a basic neurocognitive research. Moreover, advanced mathematical methods and theories have arrived the field of fMRI (e.g. computational neuroimaging), and functional and structural brain connectivity can now be assessed non-invasively. RESULTS: The present work deals with a pluralistic approach to "consciousness'', where we connect theory and tools from three quite different disciplines: (1) philosophy of mind (emergentism and global workspace theory), (2) functional neuroimaging acquisitions, and (3) theory of deterministic and statistical neurodynamics - in particular the Wilson-Cowan model and stochastic resonance...
June 3, 2010: Nonlinear Biomedical Physics
Mehmet Sezai Taşbakan, Tansu Yamazhan, Söhret Aydemir, Feza Bacakoğlu
Cupriavidus pauculus (formerly CDC Group IVc-2) is a non-fermentative, motile, gram-negative bacillus, rarely associated with human infections. It has been isolated from water, water from ultrafiltration systems and bottled mineral water. To date, 19 cases of bacteremia, two cases of peritonitis and one case of tenosynovitis associated with C. pauculus have been reported in English literature. In this paper, we report the first case of C. pauculus ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in Turkey. A 47 years-old female with breast cancer was performed total mastectomy six years ago and received six cures of chemotherapy after surgery...
January 2010: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
Kai Vogeley, Andreas Roepstorff
Cognitive neurosciencists have recently begun to study self-consiousness and intersubjectivity but have not yet taken into account adequately the influence of culture on these phenomena. Here, we argue against the naïve inclusion of 'culture' as an additional independent factor that can be empirically addressed adequately merely by considering mother tongue or nationality. Instead, we propose that culture needs to be considered as a dynamical system of individuals; that culture is in continous dialectic interaction and exchange with the individuals that constitute it; and that cultural classifications feed back into social practices and identity processes, hence exhibiting a 'looping effect'...
December 2009: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
Nadine Reinhold, Hans J Markowitsch
Psychogenic amnesia is characterized by an impaired retrieval process of stored information, while the acquisition of new information is conserved. In addition, patients with this condition may display a state of belle indifference towards their own situation and may manifest deficits in emotional processing. So far, these conditions were noted cursorily in previous case descriptions, but have not been investigated thoroughly. We report data on two female juvenile patients that were examined with neuropsychological, including remote memory tests...
March 2007: Journal of Neuropsychology
Toshihiro Otsuka, Naoki Kato, Ikki Kajiwara, Toshihide Tanaka, Satoshi Sawauchi, Robert Tomohiko Numoto, Shigeyuki Murakami, Toshiaki Abe
A 87-year old male was admitted to our hospital due to generalized convulsion with loss of consiousness. He was afebrile and his blood sampling was not infectious. Computed tomography scan suspected left chronic subdural hematoma. Burr hole drainage was performed to remove the hematoma, but the abscess was aspirated in the subdural space. Infected subdural hematoma is rare. We discuss the clinical presentation, diagnosis and. treatment, and also briefly review the literature.
January 2007: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
Sławomir Slaski
AIM: Testing effectiveness of psychotherapy by evaluating changes in private and public self-consciousness of alcohol addicted persons and imprisoned felons. METHOD: The questionnaire known as Self-Consiousness Scale Fenigstein, Scheier, Buss's was applied. The tool is based on the theory of Duval and Wicklund and that of Carver and Scheier. Treatment curriculum--was based on two models of alcohol addiction. the psychological one and the other derived of assumptions defined in the Alcoholics Anonymous movement...
May 2006: Psychiatria Polska
David C Kramer, Gerald Grass
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review focuses on developments in airway management and concious sedation/analgesic techniques employed by anesthesiologists in the emergency department. RECENT FINDINGS: Emergency medicine physicians routinely employ airway devices and techniques that were previously reserved for anesthesiologists. An understanding of the uses and limitations of these devices are essential for successful outcomes. Anesthesiologists responding to the emergency department may be faced with soiled or traumatized airways...
August 2003: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Akiko Nagaishi, Motohiro Yukitake, Yasuo Kuroda
A 79-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital because of forgetfulness for a month followed with rapid development of consciousness disturbance. After admission, the depressed consciousness level fluctuated but continued for more than a month. Thyroid function tests showed increased free T3 and T4 level, lowered level of TSH, and increased anti-TSH receptor antibody titer. A diagnosis of Graves' disease was made but we could find none of thyrotoxic manifestations such as goiter, exophthalmos, tachycardia, high body temperature, or sweating...
April 2006: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Margaret J Strieper
Syncope, defined as the temporary loss of consiousness and postural tone resulting from an abrupt transient decrease in cerebral blood flow, is a common usually benign self-limiting event. However, rarely, it may be the first warning sign of a serious condition including arrhythmias, structural heart disease, or non-cardiac disease. This article presents a differential diagnosis of syncope in children with an emphasis on neurocardiogenic syncope, details important positives and negatives in the history and physical exam that would suggest cardiac syncope and gives recommendations on when to refer a child for syncope to a pediatric cardiologist...
March 2005: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 1953: Revista Clínica Española
M Clinton
Reflective practice is now widely debated as a means of improving nursing practice. However, assumptions about reflective practice are rarely clarified and seldom subjected to critique. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to take up Clarke, James & Kelly's suggestion that limits to the scope and depth of reflection be considered. This is achieved by reflecting on what these authors claim it means to reflect in action. Four arguments are presented: (i) that nurses cannot be conscious of all aspects of nursing practice because there are aspects of practice that cannot be represented in consiousness, (ii) that those aspects of practice that can be represented in consciousness can be so only imperfectly, (iii) that all such representations are not reflexive, and (iv) that any representation in the form of an internal dialogue that could be regarded as reflection is overdetermined...
September 1998: International Journal of Nursing Practice
M Yamamura, M Suzuki, K Matsumoto
Taltirelin hydrate[1-methyl-(S)-4,5-dihydroorotyl-L-histidyl-L-prolineamide tetrahydrate] is a new orally active thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH) peptide analog synthetized from aspartic acid. From preclinical studies with mice and rats, Taltirelin hydrate was found to be highly stable in the blood and brain as compared with TRH. Furthermore, the CNS stimulating actions of Taltirelin hydrate such as antagonistic actions against pentobarbital-induced anesthesia and reserpine- induced hypothermia were found to be about 100 times stronger and about 8 times longer-lasting as compared with those of TRH...
October 1997: Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi. Folia Pharmacologica Japonica
P W Schofield, M Tang, K Marder, K Bell, G Dooneief, M Chun, M Sano, Y Stern, R Mayeux
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a history of remote head injury as a risk factor for subsequent dementia due to Alzheimer's disease. METHODS: 271 participants of a community based longitudinal study of aging in north Manhattan without evidence of significant cognitive impairment were interrogated for a history of head injury on two occasions at entry into the study. The examining physician sought a history of head injury with loss of conciousness. Independently, a risk factor interviewer inquired about a history of head injury with loss of consiousness or amnesia, the duration of any loss of consiousness, and the date of the head injury...
February 1997: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
Iu O Abel'son
Blood free fatty acids (FFA) concentration was studied during 3 hrs after administration of I ml sunflower oil in consious normal and Brattleboro rats. Fasting FFA levels were similar in both groups of animals. In normal rats FFA concentration did not change significantly during the first 2 hrs after fat ingestion, the increase being observed to the end of the 3d hr. In DI-rats there was an increase in the concentration already to the end of the 1st hr which persisted till the end of experiment. The difference in FFA dynamics was observed just at the period when an antidiuretic reaction to fat ingestion was developed in normal animal...
March 1980: Fiziologicheskiĭ Zhurnal SSSR Imeni I. M. Sechenova
A M Florence
A modified technique of total intravenous anaesthesia was used in the management of 22 patients with myasthenia gravis of varying severity undergoing therapeutic transcervical thymectomy. The relatively short-acting intravenous hypnotics, Althesin and etomidate were compared for induction of anaesthesia and for maintenance as a supplement to 50% nitrous oxide in oxygen. Moderately high doses (20 or 25 micrograms/kg) of the potent, synthetic opiate, fentanyl provided analgesia and a level of respiratory depression sufficient to facilitate control of respiration...
September 1984: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
T G Bolwig, B Quistorff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1973: Journal of Neurochemistry
T Ohta, S Waga, W Handa, I Saito, K Takeuchi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1974: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
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