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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351128/fluid-removal-with-ultrasound-guided-protocol-improves-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-dehydration-in-post-resuscitated-critically-ill-patients-a-quasi-experimental-before-and-after-study
#1
Luhao Wang, Chunfang Qiu, Xiangdong Guan, Minying Chen, Juan Chen, Xiang Si, Zhicheng Du, Yanqiu Liu, Bin Ouyang
Fluid overload is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients. However, researches rarely study the precise start or end point of fluid removal and no protocol was developed to control the fluid removal process. We hypothesized that individualized fluid removal with ultrasound-guided protocol could improve the efficacy and safety of fluid removal in post-resuscitated critically ill patients. A quasi-experimental, before and after trial was conducted to identify the benefits of ultrasound-guided fluid removal...
January 18, 2018: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334335/simultaneous-formation-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-pahs-and-heterocyclic-aromatic-amines-hcas-in-gas-grilled-beef-satay-at-different-temperatures
#2
A K Nor Hasyimah, S Jinap, M Sanny
This study investigated the simultaneous formation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and heterocyclic aromatic amines (HCAs) in gas-grilled beef satay at different temperatures (150°C, 200°C, 250°C, 300°C, and 350°C). Solid-phase extraction (SPE) was used for sample clean-up. Fifteen PAHs were determined using high performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection (HPLC-FLD) and nine HCAs were quantified using liquid chromatography tandem-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) with a gradient programme...
January 15, 2018: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332626/symptoms-of-depression-and-anxiety-and-11-year-all-cause-mortality-in-men-and-women-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-cabg-surgery
#3
Galit Geulayov, Ilya Novikov, Daniella Dankner, Rachel Dankner
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the overall and the sex-specific association of preoperative and one-year post coronary artery bypass (CABG) surgery symptoms of depression and anxiety with 11-year all-cause mortality. METHODS: A multicenter prospective study including 1125 patients who completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) before an elective CABG surgery, of whom 850 completed the HADS again at one-year follow-up. Information on all-cause mortality was obtained through the Israeli Ministry of Internal Affairs Register...
February 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311624/genetic-variations-in-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-were-associated-with-the-susceptibility-to-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-among-chinese-high-risk-population
#4
Ting Tian, Jie Wang, Peng Huang, Jun Li, Rongbin Yu, Haozhi Fan, Xueshan Xia, Yaping Han, Yun Zhang, Ming Yue
Polymorphisms within NF-κB pathway genes may be linked to hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection susceptibility and outcomes. We investigated the associations between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in NF-κB and the susceptibility as well as resolution of HCV infection. A Chinese population, including 1125 uninfected control cases, 558 cases with spontaneous viral clearance and 898 cases with persistent HCV infection, was genotyped for four SNPs (rs11820062, rs230530, rs1056890 and rs3774963) using a TaqMan assay...
January 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311406/the-changing-face-of-the-diagnosis-of-chronic-and-malignant-liver-diseases-potential-new-biomarkers
#5
Vania Cruz-Ramón, Paulina Chinchilla-López, Oscar Ramírez-Pérez, Xingshun Qi, Nahum Méndez-Sánchez
The early diagnosis of primary sclerosing cholangitis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and cholangiocarcinoma is often challenging. In a recent study in 134 patients (Arbelaiz, Hepatology 2017; 66:1125-1143), it was reported that specific proteins found in serum extracellular vesicles of patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis, hepatocellular carcinoma,orcholangiocarcinomamay be useful as noninvasive diagnostic and prognostic tools. This current article critically appraises this study.
December 27, 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298474/current-pharmacologic-approaches-in-painful-bladder-research-an-update
#6
REVIEW
Karl-Erik Andersson, Lori Birder
The symptoms of interstitial cystitis (IC)/bladder pain syndrome (BPS) may have multiple causes and involve many contributing factors. Traditional treatments (intravesical instillations) have had a primary focus on the bladder as origin of symptoms without adequately considering the potential influence of other local (pelvic) or systemic factors. Systemic pharmacological treatments have had modest success. A contributing factor to the low efficacy is the lack of phenotyping the patients. Individualized treatment based on is desirable, but further phenotype categorization is needed...
December 2017: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295782/immediate-and-delayed-effects-of-atmospheric-temperature-in-the-incidence-of-testicular-torsion
#7
Aderivaldo Cabral Dias Filho, Paulo Gonçalves de Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: Ongoing controversy surrounds the role of atmospheric temperature in the incidence of intravaginal testicular torsion (iTT). This debate may be attributed to inadequate research methodology. As environmental risk factors have been successfully investigated with distributed lag non-linear model regression (DLNM), we applied this methodology to investigate the association between daily mean atmospheric temperatures (Tmean) and daily incidences of intravaginal testicular torsion (iTT) in our region...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273628/marijuana-use-and-fecundability-in-a-north-american-preconception-cohort-study
#8
Lauren A Wise, Amelia K Wesselink, Elizabeth E Hatch, Kenneth J Rothman, Ellen M Mikkelsen, Henrik Toft Sørensen, Shruthi Mahalingaiah
BACKGROUND: The influence of marijuana use on human fertility has not been well studied. We evaluated the association between female and male use of marijuana and fecundability in Pregnancy Study Online, a prospective cohort of North American couples. METHODS: Female participants completed a baseline questionnaire on which they reported lifestyle and behavioural factors, including frequency of marijuana use within the previous 2 months. Male partners completed an optional baseline questionnaire on similar factors, including marijuana use...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258198/hot-deformation-behavior-and-pulse-current-auxiliary-isothermal-forging-of-hot-pressing-sintering-tial-based-alloys
#9
Chengcheng Shi, Shaosong Jiang, Kaifeng Zhang
This paper focuses on the fabrication of as-forged Ti46.5Al2Cr1.8Nb-(W, B) alloy via pulse current auxiliary isothermal forging (PCIF). The starting material composed of near gamma (NG) microstructure was fabricated by adopting pre-alloyed powders via hot pressing sintering (HPS) at 1300 °C. Isothermal compression tests were conducted at a strain rate range of 0.001-0.1 s-1 and a temperature range of 1125-1275 °C to establish the constitutive model and processing map. The optimal hot deformation parameters were successfully determined (in a strain rate range of 10-3-2...
December 16, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250876/levels-of-supplementation-of-inorganic-selenium-and-vitamin-e-for-meat-quail-aged-0-to-14-and-14-to-35%C3%A2-days
#10
V Zancanela, A C Furlan, P C Pozza, S M Marcato, D O Grieser, C E Stanquevis, E M Finco, T M Oliveira-Bruxel, M F Z Ferreira
Two experiments were carried out to determine the levels of supplementation of inorganic selenium (Se) and vitamin E (VE) in diets of quails aged 0-14 and 14-35 days old. A completely randomized design was used in a factorial design (Se = 0.1125; 0.2250; 0.3375 and 0.4500 mg kg-1  diet-1  × VE = 10; 23; 36 and 49 IU kg-1  diet-1 ). In experiment 1, quail (n = 2,400) were aged 0-14 days and were divided into 16 treatments, with three replicates of 50 birds. In experiment 2, quail (n = 1,680) were aged 14-35 days and were divided into the same treatments, with three replicates of 35 birds...
December 17, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245509/deep-water-scleractinian-corals-cnidaria-anthozoa-from-2010-2011-indemares-expeditions-to-the-galicia-bank-spain-northeast-atlantic
#11
Alvaro Altuna
During surveys in the Galicia Bank (northeastern Atlantic) in the years 2010-2011 (INDEMARES project), 25 species of scleractinian corals corals were collected in a depth interval of 744-1764 m. Most interesting species are described and depicted. Additionally, species list and remarks are given for the 23 species dredged in the bank during the 1987 SEAMOUNT 1 expedition at 675-1125 m depth.From a literature review and new records from Galicia Bank given herein, 31 species of scleractinian corals are known from this seamount in a depth interval of 614-1764 m depth...
November 23, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236753/effects-of-genetic-polymorphisms-on-the-oct1-and-oct2-mediated-uptake-of-ranitidine
#12
Marleen Julia Meyer, Tina Seitz, Jürgen Brockmöller, Mladen Vassilev Tzvetkov
BACKGROUND: Ranitidine (Zantac®) is a H2-receptor antagonist commonly used for the treatment of acid-related gastrointestinal diseases. Ranitidine was reported to be a substrate of the organic cation transporters OCT1 and OCT2. The hepatic transporter OCT1 is highly genetically variable. Twelve major alleles confer partial or complete loss of OCT1 activity. The effects of these polymorphisms are highly substrate-specific and therefore difficult to predict. The renal transporter OCT2 has a common polymorphism, Ala270Ser, which was reported to affect OCT2 activity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205199/seroprevalence-of-japanese-encephalitis-virus-west-nile-virus-in-alappuzha-district-kerala
#13
Anukumar Balakrishnan, Romy Jose Thekkekare, Gajanan Sapkal, Babasaheb V Tandale
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Several outbreaks of acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) have been reported in Alappuzha district, Kerala State, India, in the past. The aetiology of these outbreaks was either inconclusive or concluded as probable Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) infection based on clinical presentation. The role of West Nile virus (WNV) in AES outbreaks was also determined. However, the extent of WNV infection has not been studied in this region previously. A population-based cross-sectional serosurvey study was undertaken to determine the seroprevalence of JEV and WNV in Alappuzha district...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200818/photodynamic-therapy-combined-with-antivascular-endothelial-growth-factor-treatment-for-recalcitrant-chronic-central-serous-chorioretinopathy
#14
Masumi G Asahi, Andrew T Chon, Esmeralda Gallemore, Ron P Gallemore
Purpose: To determine whether combination photodynamic therapy (PDT) and antivascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy is effective in the management of chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) recalcitrant to conventional therapy. Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of eight patients with chronic CSC unresponsive to topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, focal photocoagulation, anti-VEGF alone, or PDT alone. All patients were evaluated with a full ophthalmic examination, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT), fluorescein angiography (FA), and most with indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) followed by treatment with half-fluence PDT and intravitreal anti-VEGF injection (seven bevacizumab, one aflibercept)...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164225/amorphous-red-phosphorus-nanosheets-anchored-on-graphene-layers-as-high-performance-anodes-for-lithium-ion-batteries
#15
Li Sun, Yu Zhang, Deyang Zhang, Yihe Zhang
A facile solution-based method was developed to combine the advantage of amorphous nanoscale red P sheets and highly conductive graphene, forming a high-performance P/graphene composite anode for advanced lithium ion batteries. Graphene can be easily expanded into a 3D framework in solution with rich interior porosity and abundant adsorption points, which enables a large percentage of red P to be loaded and form a uniform P/graphene hybrid structure. The nanoscale and amorphous features of red P effectively reduce the volume expansion and mechanical stress within individual P sheets, thereby alleviating P pulverization during cycling...
November 22, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146650/benefits-and-risks-of-iron-interventions-in-children-brisc-protocol-for-a-three-arm-parallel-group-randomised-controlled-field-trial-in-bangladesh
#16
Mohammed Imrul Hasan, Sheikh Jamal Hossain, Sabine Braat, Michael John Dibley, Jane Fisher, Sally Grantham-McGregor, Fahmida Tofail, Julie A Simpson, Shams Ei Arifeen, Jena Hamadani, Beverley-Ann Biggs, Sant-Rayn Pasricha
INTRODUCTION: Anaemia is a major global health problem affecting about 43% of preschool children globally and 60% of 6-24-month-old children in rural Bangladesh, half of which is attributed to iron deficiency (ID). Although WHO recommends universal supplementation with iron or home fortification with iron-containing multiple micronutrient powders (MMPs) to children under 2 years, evidence for benefits of these interventions on childhood development (a key rationale for these interventions) and harms (especially infection) remains limited...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135852/quantifying-missed-nursing-care-using-the-hospital-consumer-assessment-of-healthcare-providers-and-systems-hcahps-survey
#17
Sabrina B Orique, Christopher M Patty, Alisha Sandidge, Emma Camarena, Rose Newsom
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to describe the use of Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) data to measure missed nursing care and construct a missed nursing care metric. BACKGROUND: Missed nursing care varies widely within and between US hospitals. Missed nursing care can be measured utilizing the HCAHPS data. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used HCAHPS data to measure missed care. RESULTS: This analysis includes HCAHPS data from 1125 acute care patients discharged between January 2014 and December 2014...
December 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106584/plasma-trough-concentrations-of-antiretrovirals-in-hiv-infected-persons-treated-with-direct-acting-antiviral-agents-for-hepatitis-c-in-the-real-world
#18
Massimo Tempestilli, Gabriele Fabbri, Ilaria Mastrorosa, Laura Timelli, Stefania Notari, Rita Bellagamba, Raffaella Libertone, Federico Lupi, Mauro Zaccarelli, Andrea Antinori, Chiara Agrati, Adriana Ammassari
Background: Possible drug-drug interactions (DDIs) between antiretrovirals (ARVs) and direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) are of some concern. Objectives: To investigate ARV plasma trough concentrations (Ctrough) before and during DAAs in patients treated in the real world. Methods: Single-centre, prospective, observational study including HIV/HCV coinfected persons undergoing DAA treatment. Self-reported adherence was assessed and ARVs Ctrough measured by HPLC-UV...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101293/mortality-of-hospitalised-internal-medicine-patients-bedspaced-to-non-internal-medicine-inpatient-units-retrospective-cohort-study
#19
Anthony D Bai, Siddhartha Srivastava, George A Tomlinson, Christopher A Smith, Chaim M Bell, Sudeep S Gill
OBJECTIVE: To compare inhospital mortality of general internal medicine (GIM) patients bedspaced to off-service wards with GIM inpatients admitted to assigned GIM wards. METHOD: A retrospective cohort study of consecutive GIM admissions between 1 January 2015 and 1 January 2016 was conducted at a large tertiary care hospital in Canada.Inhospital mortality was compared between patients admitted to off-service wards (bedspaced) and assigned GIM wards using a Cox proportional hazards model and a competing risk model...
January 2018: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094424/fetal-sheep-central-hemodynamics-and-cardiac-function-during-ascending-aorta-occlusion
#20
Heikki Huhta, Juulia Junno, Mervi Haapsamo, Tiina Erkinaro, Pasi Ohtonen, Lowell E Davis, A Roger Hohimer, Ganesh Acharya, Juha Rasanen
Fetal aortic isthmus (AoI) allows communication between left (LV) and right (RV) ventricular outputs and represents arterial watershed between the brachiocephalic (brain) and subdiaphragmatic (placenta) circulations. To understand the capability of AoI to maintain the balance between upper and lower body circulations, we performed a complete fetal ascending aorta occlusion in 9 chronically instrumented sheep at near term gestation. We hypothesized that the occlusion would significantly decrease LV output and concomitantly increase RV output in order to maintain adequate systemic cardiac output and perfusion pressure to the fetal brain circulation through retrograde filling of the AoI...
November 2, 2017: Experimental Physiology
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