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Neuromuscular electrical stimulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732481/central-and-peripheral-fatigue-development-in-the-shoulder-muscle-with-obesity-during-an-isometric-endurance-task
#1
Mojdeh Pajoutan, Mahboobeh Ghesmaty Sangachin, Lora A Cavuoto
BACKGROUND: Fatigue increases the likelihood of developing work-related musculoskeletal disorders and injury. Due to the physiological and neuromuscular changes that accompany obesity, it may alter the fatigue development mechanism and exacerbate injury risk. The upper extremities have the highest incidence rates for work-related musculoskeletal disorders. Therefore, the goals of this study were to investigate the effect of obesity on central vs. peripheral fatigue as well as on the physical signs of fatigue on the middle deltoid muscle...
July 21, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732069/saccharomyces-boulardii-cncm-i-745-supplementation-reduces-gastrointestinal-dysfunction-in-an-animal-model-of-ibs
#2
Paola Brun, Melania Scarpa, Chiara Marchiori, Gloria Sarasin, Valentina Caputi, Andrea Porzionato, Maria Cecilia Giron, Giorgio Palù, Ignazio Castagliuolo
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the effect of Saccharomyces boulardii CNCM I-745 on intestinal neuromuscular anomalies in an IBS-type mouse model of gastrointestinal motor dysfunctions elicited by Herpes Simplex Virus type 1 (HSV-1) exposure. METHODS: Mice were inoculated intranasally with HSV-1 (102 PFU) or vehicle at time 0 and 4 weeks later by the intragastric (IG) route (108 PFU). Six weeks after IG inoculum, mice were randomly allocated to receive oral gavage with either S...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730908/electrical-stimulation-for-the-treatment-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-a-review-of-the-evidence
#3
Valeria Bisogni, Martino F Pengo, Andrea De Vito, Giuseppe Maiolino, Gian Paolo Rossi, John Moxham, Joerg Steier
Obstructi ve sleep apnoea is an increasingly prevalent clinical condition with significant impact on individuals and public health. Continuous positive airway pressure therapy is the standard treatment, but adherence is limited and alternative treatments are needed. In this context, non-invasive and invasive methods for the electrical stimulation of upper airway dilator muscles have been demonstrated to be effective in selected patients. Areas covered: This review will cover investigations on the clinical effects, safety, and tolerability of non-invasive and invasive electrical stimulation of the upper airway for the management of obstructive sleep apnoea...
July 21, 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728611/effect-of-electrode-position-of-low-intensity-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-on-the-evoked-force-in-the-quadriceps-femoris-muscle
#4
Kohei Watanabe, Shuhei Kawade, Toshio Moritani
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to test the effect of the electrode position and inter-electrode distance on the evoked force by neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) with a low current intensity and a single pair of electrodes. Knee extensor forces during NMES to quadriceps femoris muscles were compared among four different electrode configurations in seven healthy men. Electrodes were located at 10 cm proximal and 15 cm distal (P10-D15), 10 cm proximal and 10 cm distal (P10-D10), 5 cm proximal and 15 cm distal, and 5 cm proximal and 10 cm distal (P5-D10) to the center of the longitudinal axis of the quadriceps femoris muscles...
July 20, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723717/localized-muscle-vibration-reverses-quadriceps-muscle-hypotrophy-and-improves-physical-function-a-clinical-and-electrophysiological-study
#5
Maria Grazia Benedetti, Gennaro Boccia, Lorenzo Cavazzuti, Elena Magnani, Elisabetta Mariani, Alberto Rainoldi, Roberto Casale
Quadriceps weakness has been associated with knee osteoarthritis (OA). High-frequency localized muscle vibration (LMV) has been proposed recently for quadriceps strengthening in patients with knee OA. The purpose of this study was (a) to investigate the clinical effectiveness of high-frequency LMV on quadriceps muscle in patients with knee OA and (b) to disentangle, by means of surface electromyography (sEMG), the underlying mechanism. Thirty patients, aged between 40 and 65 years, and clinically diagnosed with knee OA were included in this randomized, controlled, single-blinded pilot study...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722822/-test-retest-reliability-of-wide-pulse-high-frequency-nmes-evoked-force
#6
Daria Neyroud, Sidney Grosprêtre, Julien Gondin, Bengt Kayser, Nicolas Place
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to compare forces evoked by wide-pulse high-frequency (WPHF) neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) delivered to a nerve trunk vs. muscle belly and to assess their test-retest intra- and inter-individual reliability. METHODS: Forces evoked during two sessions with WPHF NMES delivered over the tibial nerve trunk and two over the triceps surae muscle belly were compared. Ten individuals participated in four sessions involving ten 20-s WPHF NMES contractions interspaced by 40 s recovery...
July 19, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664657/refractory-venous-leg-ulcers-observational-evaluation-of-innovative-new-technology
#7
Connie Harris, Amanda Loney, Jillian Brooke, Amanda Charlebois, Lucy Coppola, Sowmil Mehta, Norman Flett
This observational case series reports the evaluation of a novel neuromuscular electrical stimulation device (geko™) that stimulates the common peroneal nerve at the fibular head as an adjunctive therapy in patients with non-healing venous leg ulcers. The aim was to evaluate and determine if the geko™ device was effective in this population and should be added to the medical supply formulary. Patients whose wounds had failed to heal within 24 weeks of standard therapy were identified in two community settings in Ontario...
June 30, 2017: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658177/short-term-microcurrent-electrical-neuromuscular-stimulation-to-improve-muscle-function-in-the-elderly-a-randomized-double-blinded-sham-controlled-clinical-trial
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Dong Rak Kwon, Jihoon Kim, Yongmin Kim, Sungho An, Jinmyoung Kwak, Sungjae Lee, Suyeon Park, Yoon Hee Choi, Yang Kyun Lee, Ji Woong Park
BACKGROUND: Microcurrent electrical neuromuscular stimulation (MENS) has been suggested to improve muscle function and restore damaged muscle. However, current evidence is insufficient to determine the effectiveness of this therapy in age-dependent muscle weakness. Therefore, a prospective, randomized, double-blinded, sham-controlled clinical trial was designed to evaluate the effects of short-term MENS on muscle function in the elderly. METHODS: A total of 38 healthy elderly participants aged 65 years and above were enrolled and randomly divided into 2 stimulation groups: real or sham MENS group...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648715/midbrain-stimulation-evoked-lumbar-spinal-activity-in-the-adult-decerebrate-mouse
#9
Katinka Stecina
BACKGROUND: Genetic techniques rendering murine models a popular choice for neuroscience research has led to important insights on neural networks controlling locomotor function. Using genetically altered mouse models for in vivo, electrophysiological studies in the adult state could validate key principles of locomotor network organization that have been described in neonatal, in vitro preparations. NEW METHOD: The experimental model presented here describes a decerebrate, in vivo adult mouse preparation in which focal, electrical midbrain stimulation was combined with monitoring lumbar neural activity and motor output after pre-collicular decerebration and neuromuscular blockade...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636643/neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-prevents-skeletal-muscle-dysfunction-in-adjuvant-induced-arthritis-rat
#10
Koichi Himori, Daisuke Tatebayashi, Keita Kanzaki, Masanobu Wada, Håkan Westerblad, Johanna T Lanner, Takashi Yamada
Skeletal muscle weakness is a prominent feature in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In this study, we investigated whether neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) training protects against skeletal muscle dysfunction in rats with adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA). AIA was produced by intraarticular injection of complete Freund's adjuvant into the knees of Wistar rats. For NMES training, dorsiflexor muscles were stimulated via a surface electrode (0.5 ms pulse, 50 Hz, 2 s on/4 s off). NMES training was performed every other day for three weeks and consisted of three sets produced at three min intervals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633534/neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-improves-exercise-tolerance-in-patients-with-advanced-heart-failure-on-continuous-intravenous-inotropic-support-use-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Patrícia Forestieri, Douglas W Bolzan, Vinícius B Santos, Rita Simone Lopes Moreira, Dirceu Rodrigues de Almeida, Renata Trimer, Flávio de Souza Brito, Audrey Borghi-Silva, Antonio Carlos de Camargo Carvalho, Ross Arena, Walter J Gomes, Solange Guizilini
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of a short-term neuromuscular electrical stimulation program on exercise tolerance in hospitalized patients with advanced heart failure who have suffered an acute decompensation and are under continuous intravenous inotropic support. DESIGN: A randomized controlled study. SUBJECTS: Initially, 195 patients hospitalized for decompensated heart failure were recruited, but 70 were randomized. INTERVENTION: Patients were randomized into two groups: control group subject to the usual care ( n = 35); neuromuscular electrical stimulation group ( n = 35) received daily training sessions to both lower extremities for around two weeks...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621488/effects-of-intradialytic-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-on-strength-and-muscle-architecture-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-failure-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Jociane Schardong, Thiago Dipp, Camila Bassani Bozzeto, Marília Godoy da Silva, Gabriela Leivas Baldissera, Raíssa de Castro Ribeiro, Bruna Pan Valdemarca, Alexandre Severo do Pinho, Graciele Sbruzzi, Rodrigo Della Méa Plentz
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) on muscle strength and architecture, functional capacity, and endothelial function in patients with chronic kidney failure (CKF) on hemodialysis (HD). Twenty-one patients with CKF on HD were randomized into a control group (CG; n = 10) and neuromuscular electrical stimulation group (NMESG; n = 11) who received NMES in the quadriceps muscle for 8 weeks, 3 times/week (20-34 min) during HD sessions. The muscle strength of the lower limbs was evaluated by dynamometry and sit-and-stand test (SST); muscle architecture through ultrasonography; functional capacity by the distance covered in a 6-min walk test and the endothelial function by flow-mediated dilatation technique of the brachial artery...
June 16, 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612678/orthotic-and-therapeutic-effect-of-functional-electrical-stimulation-on-fatigue-induced-gait-patterns-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#13
Christopher J Barr, Benjamin L Patritti, Rebecca Bowes, Maria Crotty, James V McLoughlin
PURPOSE: To assess the orthotic and therapeutic effects of prolonged use of functional electrical stimulation (FES) on fatigue induced gait patterns in people with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). METHOD: Thirteen people with MS completed 3D gait analysis with FES off and on, before and after a fatiguing 6-minute walk, at baseline and after 8 weeks of use of FES. RESULTS: Eleven participants completed all testing. An orthotic effect on gait was not evident on first use of FES...
August 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610968/comparison-of-the-effect-of-sensory-level-and-conventional-motor-level-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-on-quadriceps-strength-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-prospective-randomized-single-blind-trial
#14
Yosuke Yoshida, Koki Ikuno, Koji Shomoto
OBJECTIVE: To compare sensory-level neuromuscular electrical stimulation (sNMES) and conventional motor- level neuromuscular electrical stimulation (mNMSE ) in patients after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). DESIGN: A prospective randomized single-blind trial. SETTING: A hospital total arthroplasty center: inpatients. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with osteoarthritis (N=66, 85% women, mean age 73.5±6.3y) were randomized to receive either sNMES applied to the quadriceps (the sNMES group), mNMES (the mNMES group), or no stimulation (the Control group) in addition to a standard rehabilitation program...
June 10, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610546/neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-for-the-prevention-of-venous-thromboembolism
#15
Raveena Ravikumar, Katherine J Williams, Adarsh Babber, Hayley M Moore, Tristan Ra Lane, Joseph Shalhoub, Alun H Davies
Objective Venous thromboembolism, encompassing deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality, affecting one in 1000 adults per year. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation is the transcutaneous application of electrical impulses to elicit muscle contraction, preventing venous stasis. This review aims to investigate the evidence underlying the use of neuromuscular electrical stimulation in thromboprophylaxis. Methods The Medline and Embase databases were systematically searched, adhering to PRISMA guidelines, for articles relating to electrical stimulation and thromboprophylaxis...
January 1, 2017: Phlebology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577338/specific-brain-activation-patterns-associated-with-two-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-protocols
#16
Jennifer Wegrzyk, Jean-Philippe Ranjeva, Alexandre Fouré, Anne Kavounoudias, Christophe Vilmen, Jean-Pierre Mattei, Maxime Guye, Nicola A Maffiuletti, Nicolas Place, David Bendahan, Julien Gondin
The influence of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) parameters on brain activation has been scarcely investigated. We aimed at comparing two frequently used NMES protocols - designed to vary in the extent of sensory input. Whole-brain functional magnetic resonance imaging was performed in sixteen healthy subjects during wide-pulse high-frequency (WPHF, 100 Hz-1 ms) and conventional (CONV, 25 Hz-0.05 ms) NMES applied over the triceps surae. Each protocol included 20 isometric contractions performed at 10% of maximal force...
June 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572500/neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-improves-skeletal-muscle-regeneration-through-satellite-cell-fusion-with-myofibers-in-healthy-elderly-subjects
#17
Ester Sara Di Filippo, Rosa Mancinelli, Mariangela Marrone, Christian Doria, Vittore Verratti, Luana Toniolo, Josè Luiz Dantas, Stefania Fulle, Tiziana Pietrangelo
The aim was to determine whether neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) affects skeletal muscle regeneration through a reduction of oxidative status in satellite cells of healthy elderly subjects. Satellite cells from the Vastus lateralis skeletal muscle of 12 healthy elderly subjects before and after 8 weeks of NMES were allowed to proliferate to provide myogenic populations of adult stem cells (myogenic precursor cells; MPCs). These MPCs were then investigated in terms of their proliferation, their basal cytoplasmic free Ca(2+) concentrations, and their expression of myogenic regulatory factors (PAX3, PAX7, MYF5, MYOD, MYOG) and microRNAs (miR-1, miR-133a/b, miR-206)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567858/optimization-of-interphase-intervals-to-enhance-the-evoked-muscular-responses-of-transcutaneous-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation
#18
Jose Luis Vargas Luna, Matthias Krenn, Winfried Mayr, Jorge Armando Cortés Ramírez
Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is a widely used technique for clinical diagnostic, treatment, and research. Normally, it applies charge-balanced biphasic pulses, which several publications have reported to be less efficient than monophasic pulses. A good alternative is the use of interphase intervals (IPI) on biphasic pulses that allows to achieve similar responses than those evoked by monophasic stimulation. This study analyzes the enhancing mechanism of the IPI and provides guidelines on how to optimize the IPI in order to reduce secondary effects such as the electrode corrosion...
June 1, 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556590/biocompatibility-of-four-common-orthopedic-biomaterials-following-neuroelectromyostimulation-an-in-vivo-study
#19
Lecocq Mathieu, Felix Marie-Solenne, Bernard Cécile, Linares Jean-Marc, Chaves-Jacob Julien, Decherchi Patrick, Dousset Erick
Despite the worldwide high prevalence of total joint arthroplasty (TJA), life expectancy of prosthesis remains limited by mechanical and chemical constraint which promote wear debris production, surrounding tissues damage and finally prosthesis loosening. Such results could be amplified by neuro-myoelectrostimulation (NMES; widely used to reduce neuromuscular deficits observed following TJA surgery). It was previously described in an in vivo experiment that interactions between NMES and Ti6Al4V implant are deleterious for both implant and surrounding muscles...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539869/correct-the-smile-of-a-child-by-neuromuscular-facilitation-technique-an-interesting-case-report
#20
Vencita Priyanka Aranha, Asir John Samuel, Kanimozhi Narkeesh
Bell's palsy (BP) in children is a rare case with no documented evidence regarding its rehabilitation management. Till date, individuals with BP are being treated with electrical stimulation are proportionately greater than other conventional means such as facial exercise and massage. These conventional modes of treatment have proved to have less incidence of synkinesis with more benefits. Here, we report a case of a 7-year-old boy diagnosed clinically to have right idiopathic facial nerve paralysis, who underwent 14 days of facial proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation exercises along with facial therapeutic massage...
April 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
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