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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785926/intramedullary-nail-fixation-versus-locking-plate-fixation-for-adults-with-a-fracture-of-the-distal-tibia-the-uk-fixdt-rct
#1
Matthew L Costa, Juul Achten, Susie Hennings, Nafisa Boota, James Griffin, Stavros Petrou, Mandy Maredza, Melina Dritsaki, Thomas Wood, James Masters, Ian Pallister, Sarah E Lamb, Nick R Parsons
BACKGROUND: The best treatment for fractures of the distal tibia remains controversial. Most of these fractures require surgical fixation, but the outcomes are unpredictable and complications are common. OBJECTIVES: To assess disability, quality of life, complications and resource use in patients treated with intramedullary (IM) nail fixation versus locking plate fixation in the 12 months following a fracture of the distal tibia. DESIGN: This was a multicentre randomised trial...
May 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785522/non-invasive-vagus-nerve-stimulation-significantly-improves-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-persistent-postural-perceptual-dizziness
#2
Ozan E Eren, Filipp Filippopulos, Kristina Sönmez, Ken Möhwald, Andreas Straube, Florian Schöberl
Persistent postural-perceptual dizziness (PPPD) is one of the most common causes of chronic vestibular disorders, with a substantial portion of the affected patients showing no significant improvement to standard therapies (i.e., pharmacotherapy, behavioral psychotherapy). Patients with PPPD have been shown to have a significant comorbidity with anxiety disorders and depression. Further, these patients show an activation of the autonomic nervous system resulting in symptoms such as nausea, increase of heart rate, and sweating...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784501/consequences-of-quality-of-reduction-on-osteosynthesis-complications-and-quality-of-life-in-elderly-patients-with-subtrochanteric-fracture
#3
P Codesido-Vilar, A Mejía-Casado, J Riego-Fernández, N Rodriguez-Casas, S García-Cabanas, J Rivas-Felice, L García-Quevedo
OBJECTIVE: To compare results in terms of orthopaedic complications and quality of life in elderly patients with subtrochanteric fracture treated with intramedullary nailing according to fracture reduction status. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study including 90 elderly patients with subtrochanteric fractures of the femur treated with a cephalomedullary nail, with a minimum 1-year follow up. The inclusion criteria were: aged 60 years or older, without severe cognitive dysfunction and independent ambulatory capability before the fracture...
May 18, 2018: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779387/-assessment-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-psoriasis-patients-in-hungary
#4
Adrienn Katalin Poór, Miklós Sárdy, Tamás Cserni, Valentin Brodszky, Péter Holló, László Gulácsi, Éva Remenyik, Andrea Szegedi, Fanni Rencz, Márta Péntek
INTRODUCTION: The health status and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients with psoriasis in Hungary are understudied. AIM: To assess HRQoL in psoriasis patients, to compare HRQoL of psoriasis patients to that of the general public in Hungary and to identify predictors of HRQoL. METHOD: Between 2012 and 2016, two cross-sectional surveys were carried out among psoriasis patients at two academic dermatology departments. HRQoL was assessed by EQ-5D-3L, EQ Visual Analogue Scale (EQ VAS) and Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI)...
May 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777491/-effects-of-an-integrated-neighborhood-approach-on-older-people-s-health-related-quality-of-life-and-well-being
#5
Hanna M van Dijk, Jane M Cramm, Erwin Birnie, Anna P Nieboer
Integrated neighborhood approaches (INAs) are increasingly advocated to support community-dwelling older people; their effectiveness however remains unknown. We evaluated INA effects on older people's (health-related) quality of life (HRQoL) and well-being in Rotterdam. We used a matched quasi-experimental design comparing INA with "usual" care and support. Community-dwelling people (aged ≥70) and control subjects (n = 186 each) were followed over a one-year period (measurements at baseline, 6 and 12 months)...
May 18, 2018: Tijdschrift Voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776959/symptom-burden-of-atrial-fibrillation-and-its-relation-to-interventions-and-outcome-in-europe
#6
Renate B Schnabel, Ladislav Pecen, Nargiz Rzayeva, Markus Lucerna, Yanish Purmah, Francisco M Ojeda, Raffaele De Caterina, Paulus Kirchhof
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the association of atrial fibrillation symptom burden with quality of life and outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: In the Prevention of Thromboembolic Events-European Registry in Atrial Fibrillation (n=6196 patients with atrial fibrillation; mean±SD age, 71.8±10.4 years; 39.7% women), we assessed European Heart Rhythm Association score symptoms and calculated correlations with the standardized health status questionnaire (EQ-5D-5L)...
May 18, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775641/surviving-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-the-neurological-and-functional-outcome-and-health-related-quality-of-life-one-year-later
#7
Marjaana Tiainen, Jukka Vaahersalo, Markus B Skrifvars, Johanna Hästbacka, Juha Grönlund, Ville Pettilä
BACKGROUND: Data on long-term functional outcome and quality of life (QoL) after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) are limited. We assessed long-term functional outcome and health-related QoL of OHCA survivors regardless of arrest aetiology. METHODS: All adult unconscious OHCA patients treated in 21 Finnish ICUs between March 2010 and February 2011 were followed. Barthel Index (BI), activities of daily living (ADL), accommodation, help needed and received, working status, car driving and self-experienced cognitive deficits were assessed in 1-year survivors (N = 206, 40...
May 15, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775129/health-related-quality-of-life-and-orthosis-use-in-a-swedish-population-with-arthrogryposis
#8
Marie Eriksson, Leena Jylli, Li Villard, Anna-Karin Kroksmark, Åsa Bartonek
BACKGROUND: Joint contractures are the main characteristics for children with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita. Orthoses are often used to enable or facilitate walking. OBJECTIVES: To describe health-related quality of life in children with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita and satisfaction with orthoses in those using orthoses. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: A total of 33 children with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita participated in the study...
May 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775084/health-state-utilities-in-patients-with-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-china
#9
Yunjie Shen, Bin Wu, Xiaohui Wang, Jun Zhu
AIM: Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a leading global health threat that impairs patient health outcomes. Health state utilities are fundamental values in economic evaluation and significantly vary across countries. Given the scarce data on the Chinese population, the current study measured utility values in the Chinese patients with NSCLC. METHODS: This study was conducted as a cross-sectional survey of patients with advanced NSCLC at the Shanghai Chest Hospital...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773696/electroacupuncture-as-a-complement-to-usual-care-for-patients-with-non-acute-low-back-pain-after-back-surgery-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
In Heo, Man-Suk Hwang, Eui-Hyoung Hwang, Jae-Heung Cho, In-Hyuk Ha, Kyung-Min Shin, Jun-Hwan Lee, Nam-Kwen Kim, Dong-Wuk Son, Byung-Cheul Shin
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this pilot study was to estimate the sample size for a large pragmatic study of the comparative effectiveness of electroacupuncture (EA) for low back pain (LBP) after back surgery. DESIGN: A randomised, active-controlled, assessor-blinded trial. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with recurrent or persistent LBP, defined as a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score of ≥50 mm, with or without leg pain after back surgery. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were randomised to an EA plus usual care (UC) group or to a UC alone group at a 1:1 ratio...
May 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773539/effectiveness-of-text-message-based-diabetes-self-management-support-programme-sms4bg-two-arm-parallel-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Rosie Dobson, Robyn Whittaker, Yannan Jiang, Ralph Maddison, Matthew Shepherd, Catherine McNamara, Richard Cutfield, Manish Khanolkar, Rinki Murphy
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of a theoretically based and individually tailored, text message based, diabetes self management support intervention (SMS4BG) in adults with poorly controlled diabetes. DESIGN: Nine month, two arm, parallel randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Primary and secondary healthcare services in New Zealand. PARTICIPANTS: 366 participants aged 16 years and over with poorly controlled type 1 or type 2 diabetes (HbA1c ≥65 mmol/mol or 8%) randomised between June 2015 and November 2016 (n=183 intervention, n=183 control)...
May 17, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769026/cost-effectiveness-of-a-multicomponent-primary-care-program-targeting-frail-elderly-people
#12
Franca G H Ruikes, Eddy M Adang, Willem J J Assendelft, Henk J Schers, Raymond T C M Koopmans, Sytse U Zuidema
BACKGROUND: Over the last 20 years, integrated care programs for frail elderly people aimed to prevent functional dependence and reduce hospitalization and institutionalization. However, results have been inconsistent and merely modest. To date, evidence on the cost-effectiveness of these programs is scarce. We evaluated the cost-effectiveness of the CareWell program, a multicomponent integrated care program for frail elderly people. METHODS: Economic evaluation from a healthcare perspective embedded in a cluster controlled trial of 12 months in 12 general practices in (the region of) Nijmegen...
May 16, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767329/validity-of-the-eq-5d-5l-and-reference-norms-for-the-spanish-population
#13
Gimena Hernandez, Olatz Garin, Yolanda Pardo, Gemma Vilagut, Àngels Pont, Mónica Suárez, Montse Neira, Luís Rajmil, Inigo Gorostiza, Yolanda Ramallo-Fariña, Juan Cabases, Jordi Alonso, Montse Ferrer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The EuroQol 5 dimensions 5 levels (EQ-5D-5L) is the new version of EQ-5D, developed to improve its discriminatory capacity. This study aims to evaluate the construct validity of the Spanish version and provide index and dimension population-based reference norms for the new EQ-5D-5L. METHODS: Data were obtained from the 2011/2012 Spanish National Health Survey, with a representative sample (n = 20,587) of non-institutionalized Spanish adults (≥ 18 years)...
May 16, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765887/validation-of-korean-version-of-the-london-chest-activity-of-daily-living-scale-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#14
Jun Tak Choi, Jeong-Hwan Seo, Myoung-Hwan Ko, Sung-Hee Park, Gi-Wook Kim, Yu Hui Won
Objective: To translate the English version of the London Chest Activity of Daily Living scale (LCADL) into a Korean version and to determine the reliability and validity of the Korean version in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods: The English version of LCADL was translated into Korean and back-translated into English. Subsequently, the back-translated version was reviewed and compared with the original, and thus the final K-LCADL was obtained...
April 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765104/falls-and-recurrent-falls-among-adults-in-a-multi-ethnic-asian-population-the-singapore-epidemiology-of-eye-diseases-study
#15
Wei Dai, Yih-Chung Tham, Miao-Li Chee, Nicholas Y Q Tan, Kah-Hie Wong, Shivani Majithia, Charumathi Sabanayagam, Ecosse Lamoureux, Tien-Yin Wong, Ching-Yu Cheng
We evaluated the rate and risk factors associated with falls and recurrent falls in a multi-ethnic Asian population. 10,009 participants aged ≥40 years (mean[SD] age = 58.9[10.4] years) underwent clinical examinations and completed interviewer-administered questionnaires. Participants who self-reported at least one fall or ≥2 falls in past 12 months were defined as fallers and recurrent fallers, respectively. Age-standardized rates for falls and recurrent falls were 13.8% (95%CI, 13.1-14.6%) and 4.6% (95%CI, 4...
May 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764459/health-related-quality-of-life-by-allergy-symptoms-in-elementary-school-students
#16
Sang-Kyu Kim, Min-Woo Jo, Seon-Ha Kim
BACKGROUND: Globally, allergic diseases are very common in childhood and may affect children's quality of life. This study aimed to explore health-related quality of life of elementary school students with allergy symptoms using the EQ-5D-Y and to examine the validity and feasibility of the EQ-5D-Y. METHODS: The study subjects were the students within 50 elementary schools which voluntarily participated in research project. In this sample population, the EQ-5D-Y questionnaire was self-administered by the students, and demographic and health information were collected from the student's parents...
May 15, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764447/efficacy-of-intra-articular-hypertonic-dextrose-prolotherapy-versus-normal-saline-for-knee-osteoarthritis-a-protocol-for-a-triple-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Regina Wing Shan Sit, Ricky Wing Keung Wu, Kenneth Dean Reeves, David Rabago, Dicken Cheong Chun Chan, Benjamin Hon Kei Yip, Vincent Chi Ho Chung, Samuel Yeung Shan Wong
BACKGROUND: Knee Osteoarthritis (KOA) is a very common condition with prevalence rising with age. It is a major contributor to global disability and has a large socioeconomic burden worldwide. Conservative therapies have marginal effectiveness, and surgery is reserved for severe symptomatic KOA. Dextrose Prolotherapy (DPT) is an evidence-based injection-based therapy for chronic musculoskeletal conditions including KOA. The standard "whole joint" injection method includes intra-articular injection and multiple extra-articular injections at soft tissue bony attachments...
May 15, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764325/responsiveness-of-the-eq-5d-3l-in-elective-shoulder-surgery-does-it-adequately-represent-patient-experience
#18
J Evans, Rupen Dattani, Vijayaraj Ramasamy, Vipul Patel
AIM: Generic patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) allow comparison of health-related quality of life across populations and pathologies. For these comparisons to be valid, the PROM must be responsive; the score must change when the patient's quality of life changes. This study aims to assess the responsiveness of the EQ-5D-three level (3L) in elective shoulder surgery. METHODS: Pre- and post-operative EQ-5D-3L and Oxford Shoulder Scores (OSS) were prospectively collected across a range of 204 elective shoulder surgeries...
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762275/health-related-quality-of-life-in-adulthood-in-untreated-and-treated-individuals-with-adolescent-or-juvenile-idiopathic-scoliosis
#19
Elias Diarbakerli, Anna Grauers, Aina Danielsson, Paul Gerdhem
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life in adults with idiopathic scoliosis diagnosed before maturity has been reported to be similar between brace-treated and surgically treated individuals. The aim of this study was to compare health-related quality of life in untreated, brace-treated, and surgically treated adults with idiopathic scoliosis diagnosed before skeletal maturity. Subgroup analyses were performed on the basis of age at the time of the study, age of onset, surgical characteristics, and curve magnitude...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755116/health-related-quality-of-life-after-treatment-for-bladder-cancer-in-england
#20
Samantha J Mason, Amy Downing, Penny Wright, Luke Hounsome, Sarah E Bottomley, Jessica Corner, Mike Richards, James W Catto, Adam W Glaser
BACKGROUND: Little is known about quality of life after bladder cancer treatment. This common cancer is managed using treatments that can affect urinary, sexual and bowel function. METHODS: To understand quality of life and inform future care, the Department of Health (England) surveyed adults surviving bladder cancer 1-5 years after diagnosis. Questions related to disease status, co-existing conditions, generic health (EQ-5D), cancer-generic (Social Difficulties Inventory) and cancer-specific outcomes (Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Bladder)...
May 14, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
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