keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Health systems research

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820902/from-hospitalization-records-to-surveillance-the-use-of-local-patient-profiles-to-characterize-cholera-in-vellore-india
#1
Melissa S Cruz, Tania M AlarconFalconi, Meghan A Hartwick, Aishwarya Venkat, Hanna Y Ehrlich, Shalini Anandan, Honorine D Ward, Balaji Veeraraghavan, Elena N Naumova
Despite availability of high quality medical records, health care systems often do not have the resources or tools to utilize these data efficiently. Yet, hospital-based, laboratory-confirmed records may pave the way for building reliable surveillance systems capable of monitoring temporal trends of emerging infections. In this communication, we present a new tool to compress and visualize medical records with a local population profile (LPP) approach, which transforms information into statistically comparable patterns...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820896/a-strategy-for-scaling-up-access-to-comprehensive-care-in-adults-with-chagas-disease-in-endemic-countries-the-bolivian-chagas-platform
#2
Maria-Jesus Pinazo, Jimy Pinto, Lourdes Ortiz, Jareth Sánchez, Wilson García, Ruth Saravia, Mirko-R Cortez, Silvia Moriana, Enric Grau, Daniel Lozano, Joaquim Gascon, Faustino Torrico
BACKGROUND: Bolivia has the highest prevalence of Chagas disease (CD) in the world (6.1%), with more than 607,186 people with Trypanosoma cruzi infection, most of them adults. In Bolivia CD has been declared a national priority. In 2009, the Chagas National Program (ChNP) had neither a protocol nor a clear directive for diagnosis and treatment of adults. Although programs had been implemented for congenital transmission and for acute cases, adults remained uncovered. Moreover, health professionals were not aware of treatment recommendations aimed at this population, and research on CD was limited; it was difficult to increase awareness of the disease, understand the challenges it presented, and adapt strategies to cope with it...
August 18, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820870/controversies-in-the-identification-and-management-of-acute-pulmonary-hypertension-in-preterm-neonates
#3
REVIEW
Regan E Giesinger, Kiran More, Jodie Odame, Amish Jain, Robert P Jankov, Patrick J McNamara
It is increasingly recognized that the abnormal physiologic consequences of pulmonary hypertension (PH) may contribute to poor cardiopulmonary health in premature babies. Conflicting literature has led to clinical uncertainty, pathological misinterpretation and variability in treatment approaches among practitioners. There are several disorders with overlapping and interrelated presentations and other disorders with a similar clinical phenotype but diverse pathophysiological contributors. In this review, we provide a diagnostic approach for acute HRF in the preterm neonate, outline the pathophysiological conditions that may present as acute PH and discuss the implications of high pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) on the cardiovascular system...
August 18, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820525/the-content-validity-of-a-chemotherapy-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-patient-reported-outcome-measure
#4
Ellen M Lavoie Smith, Rylie Haupt, James P Kelly, Deborah Lee, Grace Kanzawa-Lee, Robert Knoerl, Celia Bridges, Paola Alberti, Nusara Prasertsri, Clare Donohoe
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To test the content validity of a 16-item version of the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life Questionnaire-Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy (QLQ-CIPN20). 
. RESEARCH APPROACH: Cross-sectional, prospective, qualitative design. 
. SETTING: Six outpatient oncology clinics within the University of Michigan Health System's comprehensive cancer center in Ann Arbor. 
...
September 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820074/exploring-the-cardio-metabolic-relevance-of-t-cadherin-a-pleiotropic-adiponectin-receptor
#5
Jaime Lynn Clark, Carla Gwen Taylor, Peter Zahradka
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: T cadherin is a unique member of the cadherin family and is primarily expressed in the cardiovascular system. T cadherin has not been abundantly studied, but the studies conducted to date have explored the impact of this protein on health and the function of organs involved in metabolic regulation. METHODS: This article examines the recent knowledge of the ligand partners for T cadherin and the potential contribution(s) of T-cadherin to cardio-metabolic function...
August 18, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820053/neurobiological-mechanisms-of-stress-resilience-and-implications-for-the-aged-population
#6
Charlène Faye, Josephine C Mcgowan, Christine A Denny, Denis J David
Stress is a common reaction to an environmental adversity, but a dysregulation of the stress response can lead to psychiatric illnesses such as major depressive disorder (MDD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and anxiety disorders. Yet, not all individuals exposed to stress will develop psychiatric disorders; those with enhanced stress resilience mechanisms have the ability to adapt successfully to stress without developing persistent psychopathology. Notably, the potential to enhance stress resilience in at-risk populations may prevent the onset of stress-induced psychiatric disorders...
August 17, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820021/e-roster-policy-insights-and-implications-of-codifying-nurse-scheduling
#7
Robert G Drake
Following a decade of dissemination, particularly within the British National Health Service, electronic rostering systems were recently endorsed within the Carter Review. However, electronic rostering necessitates the formal codification of the roster process. This research investigates that codification through the lens of the 'Roster Policy', a formal document specifying the rules and procedures used to prepare staff rosters. This study is based upon analysis of 27 publicly available policies, each approved within a 4-year period from January 2010 to July 2014...
August 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819494/functioning-and-disability-in-recent-research-from-cameroon-a-narrative-synthesis
#8
Minal Ray, Lorena Wallace, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Lynn Cockburn
INTRODUCTION: People living with disabilities in Cameroon face many barriers to daily functioning and social participation. However, there is limited research on disabilities and their impact. We sought to examine the research related to disability from Cameroon. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review, bibliometric analysis, and narrative synthesis of research related to disability, functioning, and social participation from Cameroon published during 2005-2014...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818629/hospice-she-yelped-examining-the-quantity-and-quality-of-decision-support-available-to-patient-and-families-considering-hospice
#9
Grace Finnigan-Fox, Dan D Matlock, Channing E Tate, Christopher E Knoepke, Larry A Allen
BACKGROUND: Whether to engage hospice is one of the most difficult medical decisions patients and families make. Meanwhile, misperceptions about hospice persist. Within this context, the breadth and depth of patient decision support materials for hospice is unknown. OBJECTIVE: Identify available patient decision aids (PtDAs) relating information about hospice care and compare that information to the informational needs expressed by real-world healthcare consumers...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818298/enhancing-the-pediatric-drug-development-framework-to-deliver-better-pediatric-therapies-tomorrow
#10
Christina Bucci-Rechtweg
Health care professionals involved in the clinical management of children have long appreciated the limited number of therapies suitably evaluated for their optimal use in the pediatric population. In the past century, advances in regulatory policy significantly evolved adult drug evaluation. The scarcity of available patient populations, practical complexities of drug development research, and minimal financial returns have hampered pharmaceutical investment in the study of therapies for children. More recently, pediatric policy and legislation in the United States and Europe have instituted a system of obligations and incentives to stimulate investment in pediatric drug development...
August 14, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817682/experimental-study-of-tuberculosis-from-animal-models-to-complex-cell-systems-and-organoids
#11
REVIEW
Kaori L Fonseca, Pedro N S Rodrigues, I Anna S Olsson, Margarida Saraiva
Tuberculosis (TB) is a devastating disease to mankind that has killed more people than any other infectious disease. Despite many efforts and successes from the scientific and health communities, the prospect of TB elimination remains distant. On the one hand, sustainable public health programs with affordable and broad implementation of anti-TB measures are needed. On the other hand, achieving TB elimination requires critical advances in three areas: vaccination, diagnosis, and treatment. It is also well accepted that succeeding in advancing these areas requires a deeper knowledge of host-pathogen interactions during infection, and for that, better experimental models are needed...
August 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817429/the-rising-challenge-of-training-physician-scientists-recommendations-from-a-canadian-national-consensus-conference
#12
Michael J Strong, Nick Busing, Danika L Goosney, Ken A Harris, Tanya Horsley, Alexandra Kuzyk, Lorelei Lingard, Wendy V Norman, Norman D Rosenblum, Tina Saryeddine, Xin Wang
Physician-scientists are individuals who actively participate in patient care, have undergone additional research training, and devote the majority of their time to research. Physician-scientists are traditionally the primary catalysts in bridging the translational gap-that is, the failure to link fundamental new knowledge in the pathobiology of disease with advances in health care and health policy in a timely manner. However, there has been a shift away from training physician-scientists, and financial support for the physician-scientist is diminishing globally, causing the translational gap to grow...
August 16, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816923/evaluation-of-concurrent-oral-and-long-acting-injectable-antipsychotic-prescribing-at-the-minneapolis-veterans-affairs-health-care-system
#13
Erica Dimitropoulos, Lisa Drogemuller, Kara Wong
BACKGROUND: Antipsychotic polypharmacy is defined as the concomitant prescribing of more than 1 antipsychotic medication for an individual patient. Despite clinical guideline recommendations, long-acting injectable antipsychotics (LAIAs) are often used together with oral antipsychotics (OAPs) to treat a variety of psychiatric illnesses. Little research exists to address this form of antipsychotic polypharmacy, and its role in therapy is poorly understood. The purpose of this evaluation was to determine the prevalence of this prescribing pattern at our facility, identify provider rationale for polypharmacy, and analyze trends...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816808/influences-on-infant-feeding-perceptions-of-mother-father-parent-dyads
#14
Wilson Majee, Matthew J Thullen, Alexandra N Davis, Tarunjot K Sethi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine interrelational-, organizational-, and community-level influences on how coparents collaborate about infant and toddler feeding. STUDY DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Using qualitative methods, we interviewed mother-father parent dyads to explore the potential influences on infant and toddler feeding. Participants were purposively recruited from two Midwest, rural, university-system pediatric clinics. Thematic analysis was used to code the data...
September 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816578/cost-analysis-of-telerehabilitation-after-arthroscopic-subacromial-decompression
#15
Jose Manuel Pastora-Bernal, Rocío Martín-Valero, Francisco Javier Barón-López
Background Subacromial impingement syndrome poses a substantial socioeconomic burden, leading to significant consumption of healthcare. Health systems are calling for greater evidence of economic impacts of particular healthcare services. Telerehabilitation programmes have the potential to reduce costs and improve patient access as an alternative to traditional care. Cost analysis has been traditionally included in study protocols and results, although the reliability and research methodology have frequently been under debate...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816548/dietary-supplementation-with-virgin-coconut-oil-improves-lipid-profile-and-hepatic-antioxidant-status-and-has-potential-benefits-on-cardiovascular-risk-indices-in-normal-rats
#16
Ademola C Famurewa, Chima A Ekeleme-Egedigwe, Sophia C Nwali, Ngozi N Agbo, Joy N Obi, Goodness C Ezechukwu
Research findings that suggest beneficial health effects of dietary supplementation with virgin coconut oil (VCO) are limited in the published literature. This study investigated the in vivo effects of a 5-week VCO-supplemented diet on lipid profile, hepatic antioxidant status, hepatorenal function, and cardiovascular risk indices in normal rats. Rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: 1 control and 2 treatment groups (10% and 15% VCO-supplemented diets) for 5 weeks. Serum and homogenate samples were used to analyze lipid profile, hepatorenal function markers, hepatic activities of antioxidant enzymes, and malondialdehyde level...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816524/from-the-abstract-to-the-concrete-implementation-of-an-innovative-tool-in-home-care
#17
Anu Kajamaa, Klaus-Peter Schulz
Background The implementation of innovations in practice is a critical factor for change and development processes in health and home care. We therefore analyze how an innovative tool - a mobility agreement to maintain physical mobility of home care clients - was implemented in Finnish home care. Methods Our study involves ethnographic research of 13 home care visits, two years after the mobility agreement was implemented. We analyze the emergence of contradictions, the motives of the actors and the use of artifacts supporting or inhibiting the implementation...
January 1, 2017: Health Services Management Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816143/radiation-therapy-versus-no-radiation-therapy-to-the-neo-breast-following-skin-sparing-mastectomy-and-immediate-autologous-free-flap-reconstruction-for-breast-cancer-patient-reported-and-surgical-outcomes-at-1-year-a-mastectomy-reconstruction-outcomes-consortium
#18
Andrew L Cooke, Julian Diaz-Abele, Tom Hayakawa, Ed Buchel, Kimberly Dalke, Pascal Lambert
PURPOSE: To determine whether adjuvant radiation therapy (RT) is associated with adverse patient-reported outcomes and surgical complications 1 year after skin-sparing mastectomy and immediate autologous free flap reconstruction for breast cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We compared 24 domains of patient-reported outcome measures 1 year after autologous reconstruction between patients who received adjuvant RT and those who did not. A total of 125 patients who underwent surgery between 2012 and 2015 at our institution were included from the Mastectomy Reconstruction Outcomes Consortium study database...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815460/developing-a-system-for-processing-health-data-of-children-using-digitalized-toys-ethical-and-privacy-concerns-for-the-internet-of-things-paradigm
#19
REVIEW
María Luisa Martín-Ruíz, Celia Fernández-Aller, Eloy Portillo, Javier Malagón, Cristina Del Barrio
EDUCERE (Ubiquitous Detection Ecosystem to Care and Early Stimulation for Children with Developmental Disorders) is a government funded research and development project. EDUCERE objectives are to investigate, develop, and evaluate innovative solutions for society to detect changes in psychomotor development through the natural interaction of children with toys and everyday objects, and perform stimulation and early attention activities in real environments such as home and school. In the EDUCERE project, an ethical impact assessment is carried out linked to a minors' data protection rights...
August 16, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815426/identification-and-red-blood-cell-automated-counting-from-blood-smear-images-using-computer-aided-system
#20
Vasundhara Acharya, Preetham Kumar
Red blood cell count plays a vital role in identifying the overall health of the patient. Hospitals use the hemocytometer to count the blood cells. Conventional method of placing the smear under microscope and counting the cells manually lead to erroneous results, and medical laboratory technicians are put under stress. A computer-aided system will help to attain precise results in less amount of time. This research work proposes an image-processing technique for counting the number of red blood cells. It aims to examine and process the blood smear image, in order to support the counting of red blood cells and identify the number of normal and abnormal cells in the image automatically...
August 17, 2017: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
keyword
keyword
93028
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"