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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227877/a-wearable-computing-platform-for-developing-cloud-based-machine-learning-models-for-health-monitoring-applications
#1
Shyamal Patel, Ryan S McGinnis, Ikaro Silva, Steve DiCristofaro, Nikhil Mahadevan, Elise Jortberg, Jaime Franco, Albert Martin, Joseph Lust, Milan Raj, Bryan McGrane, Paolo DePetrillo, A J Aranyosi, Melissa Ceruolo, Jesus Pindado, Roozbeh Ghaffari, Shyamal Patel, Ryan S McGinnis, Ikaro Silva, Steve DiCristofaro, Nikhil Mahadevan, Elise Jortberg, Jaime Franco, Albert Martin, Joseph Lust, Milan Raj, Bryan McGrane, Paolo DePetrillo, A J Aranyosi, Melissa Ceruolo, Jesus Pindado, Roozbeh Ghaffari
Wearable sensors have the potential to enable clinical-grade ambulatory health monitoring outside the clinic. Technological advances have enabled development of devices that can measure vital signs with great precision and significant progress has been made towards extracting clinically meaningful information from these devices in research studies. However, translating measurement accuracies achieved in the controlled settings such as the lab and clinic to unconstrained environments such as the home remains a challenge...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226360/-research-progress-of-peripheral-blood-count-test-in-the-evaluation-of-prognosis-of-gastric-cancer
#2
Zhengshui Xu, Hua Cheng
Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most common tumor in the world, and remains a major public health problem and one of the leading causes of death. Recently many researches have demonstrated that systemic inflammatory response is associated with prognosis and response to therapy in gastric cancer, and the peripheral blood count test can partly reflect the systemic inflammatory response. Based on the peripheral blood count test, there are a lot of research regarding the relation between the platelet count (PLT), neutrophil, lymphocyte, white blood cell (WBC), neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio(NLR), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) with their prognostic role in gastric cancer...
February 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226252/linkage-of-traffic-crash-and-hospitalization-records-with-limited-identifiers-for-enhanced-public-health-surveillance
#3
Sarah Conderino, Lawrence Fung, Slavenka Sedlar, Jennifer M Norton
BACKGROUND: Motor vehicle traffic (MVT) crashes kill or seriously injure approximately 4250 people in New York City (NYC) each year. Traditionally, NYC surveillance practices use hospitalization and crash data separately to monitor trends in MVT-related injuries, but key information linking crash circumstances to health outcomes is lost when analyzing these data sources in isolation. Our objective was to match crash reports to hospitalization records to create a traffic injury surveillance dataset that can be used to describe crash circumstances and related injury outcomes...
February 19, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226229/a-perspective-on-the-role-of-computational-models-in-immunology
#4
Arup K Chakraborty
This is an exciting time for immunology because the future promises to be replete with exciting new discoveries that can be translated to improve health and treat disease in novel ways. Immunologists are attempting to answer increasingly complex questions concerning phenomena that range from the genetic, molecular, and cellular scales to that of organs, whole animals or humans, and populations of humans and pathogens. An important goal is to understand how the many different components involved interact with each other within and across these scales for immune responses to emerge, and how aberrant regulation of these processes causes disease...
February 6, 2017: Annual Review of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225843/-poverty-and-mental-disability-in-the-criminal-law-the-invisibles
#5
Ezequiel N Mercurio
In recent decades neuroscience research show the negative consequences of poverty in cognitive development. Environmental factors, such as material deprivation, exposure to stressful situations, violence, nutritional deprivation, environmental toxins may shape the developing brain. The changes of the structure and function of the brain since prenatal stages and their consequences can remain stable throughout the life cycle except early interventions are made. Research investigating have found significant link between child poverty and function and structural brain focusing on prefrontal cortex (i...
May 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225742/review-of-military-and-civilian-trauma-registries-does-consensus-matter
#6
Thijs T C F van Dongen, Johan de Graaf, Eelco P Huizinga, Howard R Champion, Rigo Hoencamp, Luke P H Leenen
BACKGROUND: Structural collection of data from combat injuries is important to improve provided care and the outcome of (combat) casualties. Trauma registries are used in civilian and military health care systems for systematic administration of injury data. However, these registries often use different methods of data management, compromising international comparison of trauma systems. The aim of this review is to aid in reaching international (coalition-wide) consensus for compatible data collection methods with uniform definitions, which is needed for transnational research and subsequent improvement of medical support organizations...
March 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225695/how-should-therapeutic-decisions-about-expensive-drugs-be-made-in-imperfect-environments
#7
Leonard M Fleck, Marion Danis
Clinicians must inevitably make therapeutic decisions under nonideal conditions. They practice in circumstances that involve incomplete evidence. They deliver care in health care systems that are complex and poorly coordinated. Each of the patients that they take care of is unique while research offers evidence regarding relatively homogeneous populations of patients. Under these circumstances, many parties-medical scientists, reviewing agencies, insurers, and accountable care organizations-can and should contribute to optimizing the development, approval, funding, and prescription of therapies-particularly expensive and marginally beneficial therapies...
February 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225544/in-defense-of-clinical-autopsy-and-its-practice-in-cuba
#8
Alfredo D Espinosa-Brito, José Hurtado de Mendoza-Amat
There has been a notable decrease in the global practice of clinical autopsy; the rate has fallen to below 10%, even in high-income countries. This is attributed to several causes, including increased costs, overreliance on modern diagnostic techniques, cultural and religious factors, the emergence of new infectious diseases and negative attitudes on the part of doctors, even pathologists. Alternative methods to autopsy in postmortem studies have been developed based on imaging, endoscopy and biopsy (all quite expensive)...
January 2017: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225448/predicting-hcahps-scores-from-hospitals-social-media-pages-a-sentiment-analysis
#9
John W Huppertz, Peter Otto
BACKGROUND: Social media is an important communication channel that can help hospitals and consumers obtain feedback about quality of care. However, despite the potential value of insight from consumers who post comments about hospital care on social media, there has been little empirical research on the relationship between patients' anecdotal feedback and formal measures of patient experience. PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to test the association between informal feedback posted in the Reviews section of hospitals' Facebook pages and scores on two global items from the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) survey, Overall Hospital Rating and Willingness to Recommend the Hospital...
February 22, 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225375/impact-of-a-child-life-and-music-therapy-procedural-support-intervention-on-parental-perception-of-their-child-s-distress-during-intravenous-placement
#10
Gabriela S Ortiz, Todd OʼConnor, Jessa Carey, Adam Vella, Audrey Paul, Diane Rode, Alan Weinberg
OBJECTIVES: Child life specialists and music therapists have a unique and integral role in providing psychosocial care to pediatric patients and families. These professionals are trained to provide clinical interventions that support coping and adjustment and reduce the risk of psychological trauma related to hospital visits and health care encounters. The researchers devised a multimodal approach using a combined child life and music therapy intervention to address procedure-related distress in patients receiving intravenous (IV) placement in the pediatric emergency department...
February 21, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223133/bio-based-materials-with-novel-characteristics-for-tissue-engineering-applications-a-review
#11
REVIEW
Luis Bedian, Angel M Villalba Rodríguez, Gustavo Hernández Vargas, Roberto Parra-Saldivar, Hafiz M N Iqbal
Recently, a wider spectrum of bio-based materials and materials-based novel constructs and systems has been engineered with high interests. The key objective is to help for an enhanced/better quality of life in a secure way by avoiding/limiting various adverse effects of some in practice traditional therapies. In this context, different methodological approaches including in-vitro, in-vivo, and ex-vivo techniques have been exploited, so far. Among them, bio-based therapeutic constructs are of supreme interests for an enhanced and efficient delivery in the current biomedical sector of the modern world...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222842/antimicrobial-use-for-and-resistance-of-zoonotic-bacteria-recovered-from-nonhuman-primates
#12
Jeffrey Kim, Dondrae J Coble, Gregory W Salyards, Julie K Bower, William J Rinaldi, Gail B Plauche, Gregory G Habing
As a growing threat to human and animal health, antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has become a central public-health topic. Largescale surveillance systems, such as the National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS), are now established to monitor and provide guidance regarding AMR, but comprehensive literature on AMR among NHP is sparse. This study provides data regarding current antimicrobial use strategies and the prevalence of AMR in zoonotic bacteria recovered from NHP within biomedical research institutions...
February 1, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222835/clinical-assessment-of-urinary-tract-damage-during-sustained-release-estrogen-supplementation-in-mice
#13
Dalis E Collins, Kathleen R Mulka, Mark J Hoenerhoff, Russell S Taichman, Jason S Villano
Estrogen supplementation is a key component of numerous mouse research models but can adversely affect the urinary system. The goal of this study was to develop a clinical scoring system and identify biomarkers of occult urinary tract lesions prior to the development of systemic illness in mice. Ovariectomized or sham-surgery SCID mice were implanted subcutaneously with a placebo pellet or one containing sustained-release estradiol (0.18 mg 60-d release 17β-estradiol). Mice were assessed twice weekly for 4 to 6 wk by using a clinical scoring system that included body condition, general activity, posture, hair coat, hydration, abdominal distension, urine staining of coat and skin, and ability to urinate...
February 1, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222345/dc-eeg-recordings-of-mindfulness
#14
Ernst Rodin, Harald Bornfleth, Michael Johnson
OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency spectrum of the normal waking human eyes-closed EEG while concentrating on a mental task. METHODS: Ten adult normal volunteers listened to a CD encouraging mindfulness for one hour and five minutes while their EEG was recorded on a 128 channel DC based ANT system. The software package BESA Research version 6.1 was used for data analysis. The data were subjected to topographic display, frequency as well as independent component analysis...
January 26, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222271/pathways-to-lung-cancer-diagnosis-a-qualitative-study-of-patients-and-general-practitioners-about-diagnostic-and-pre-treatment-intervals
#15
Nicole M Rankin, Sarah York, Emily Stone, David Barnes, Deborah McGregor, Michelle Lai, Tim Shaw, Phyllis N Butow
RATIONALE: Pathways to lung cancer diagnosis and treatment are complex. International evidence shows significant variations in pathways. Qualitative research investigating pathways to lung cancer diagnosis rarely considers both patient and general practitioner views simultaneously. OBJECTIVES: To describe the lung cancer diagnostic pathway, focusing on the perspective of patients and general practitioners about diagnostic and pre-treatment intervals. METHODS: This qualitative study of lung cancer patients and general practitioners in Australia used qualitative interviews or a focus group in which participants responded to a semistructured questionnaire designed to explore experiences of the diagnostic pathway...
February 21, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221300/patient-experience-of-wearing-compression-garments-post-burn-injury-a-review-of-the-literature
#16
Nicole Coghlan, Jodie Copley, Tammy Aplin, Jenny Strong
This review was conducted to critically appraise the literature regarding the patient's lived experience of, and adherence to, wearing compression garments post burn injury. Scholarly articles were identified from searches of the following databases: Pubmed, Cochrane Central, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and OT Seeker. Combinations of key words including compression therapy/garment, pressure therapy/garment, burn(s), adherence, and patient experience were utilized. Retrieved studies were included in the review if they were written in English, reported on adult burn populations, and the patient's lived experience of wearing compression garments...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220912/shift-schedule-work-family-relationships-marital-communication-job-satisfaction-and-health-among-transport-service-shift-workers
#17
Irena Iskra-Golec, Lawrence Smith, Ewa Wilczek-Rużyczka, Patrycja Siemiginowska, Joanna Wątroba
OBJECTIVES: Existing research has documented that shiftwork consequences may depend on the shift system parameters. Fast rotating systems (1-3 shifts of the same kind in a row) and day work have been found to be less disruptive biologically and socially than slower rotating systems and afternoon and night work. The aim of this study was to compare day workers and shift workers of different systems in terms of rotation speed and shifts worked with regard to work-family and family-work positive and negative spillover, marital communication style, job satisfaction and health...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220910/chemical-incidents-resulted-in-hazardous-substances-releases-in-the-context-of-human-health-hazards
#18
Anna Pałaszewska-Tkacz, Sławomir Czerczak, Katarzyna Konieczko
OBJECTIVES: The research purpose was to analyze data concerning chemical incidents in Poland collected in 1999-2009 in terms of health hazards. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The data was obtained, using multimodal information technology (IT) system, from chemical incidents reports prepared by rescuers at the scene. The final analysis covered sudden events associated with uncontrolled release of hazardous chemical substances or mixtures, which may potentially lead to human exposure...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220340/preventing-youth-from-falling-through-the-cracks-between-child-adolescent-and-adult-mental-health-services-a-systematic-review-of-models-of-care
#19
Tram Nguyen, Mark G Embrett, Neil G Barr, Gillian M Mulvale, Diana K Vania, Glen E Randall, Briano DiRezze
Optimizing the transition between child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) and adult mental health services (AMHS) is a priority for healthcare systems. The purpose of this systematic review is to: (1) identify and compare models of care that may be used to facilitate the transition from CAMHS to AMHS; and (2) discuss trends and implications to inform future research and practice. Results identified three models of care which move beyond healthcare services and incorporate a broader range of services that better meet the dynamic needs of transition-aged youth...
February 20, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219992/a-new-handheld-device-for-the-detection-of-falsified-medicines-demonstration-on-falsified-artemisinin-based-therapies-from-the-field
#20
Benjamin K Wilson, Harparkash Kaur, Elizabeth Louise Allan, Anthony Lozama, David Bell
Poor-quality medicines are a major problem for health-care systems in resource-poor settings as identifying falsified medicines requires a complex laboratory infrastructure such as a Medicines Quality Control Laboratory. We report here an evaluation of a low-cost, handheld near-infrared spectrometer (NIRS) device by analyzing a library of artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) medicines to determine its usefulness as a drug-screening tool. The "SCiO" research prototype device was used to collect NIR spectra of a library of ACT and artesunate monotherapy medicine samples previously collected in Bioko Island and Equatorial Guinea and Kintampo, Ghana...
February 20, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
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