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Atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907995/fifteen-years-of-life-losartan-intervention-for-endpoint-reduction-in-hypertension-lessons-learned-for-losartan-an-old-dog-playing-good-tricks
#1
REVIEW
Niki Katsiki, Konstantinos Tsioufis, Dilek Ural, Massimo Volpe
There is an unmet need to prevent cardiovascular disease and chronic kidney disease development and progression worldwide. Losartan, the first angiotensin receptor blocker, was shown to exert significant cardioprotective and renoprotective effects in the LIFE (Losartan Intervention for Endpoint Reduction in Hypertension) and RENAAL (Reduction of Endpoints in NIDDM With the Angiotensin II Antagonist Losartan) trials. Losartan significantly prevented stroke and decreased serum uric acid levels and the rates of new-onset diabetes mellitus and atrial fibrillation...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907655/causes-and-predictors-of-readmission-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-undergoing-catheter-ablation-a-national-population-based-cohort-study
#2
Shilpkumar Arora, Sopan Lahewala, Byomesh Tripathi, Varshil Mehta, Varun Kumar, Divya Chandramohan, Alejandro Lemor, Mihir Dave, Nileshkumar Patel, Nilay V Patel, Ghanshyam Palamaner Subash Shantha, Juan Viles-Gonzalez, Abhishek Deshmukh
BACKGROUND: Reducing readmission after catheter ablation (CA) in atrial fibrillation (AF) is important. METHODS AND RESULTS: We utilized National Readmission Data (NRD) 2010-2014. AF was identified by International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Edition, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) diagnostic code 427.31 in the primary field, while first CA of AF was identified via ICD-9 -procedure code 37.34. Any admission within 30 or 90 days of index admission was considered a readmission...
June 15, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866478/the-new-bedside-rocky-score-to-predict-the-complications-in-patients-with-intermediate-risk-pulmonary-embolism
#3
Elena A Kochmareva, Valentin A Kokorin, Ivan G Gordeev
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary embolism (PE) remains one of the leading causes of mortality among cardiovascular diseases. We aimed at investigating risk factors of PE complications in patients with intermediate risk and integrate them into a simple model for its' bedside prediction. METHODS: Among 173 patients with PE, 136 were classified as high or intermediate risk. Patients were retrospectively divided into groups of complicated (n = 44) or uncomplicated (n = 92) course...
June 1, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29857929/postapproval-community-hospital-experience-in-the-united-states-with-left-atrial-appendage-closure-device-watchman
#4
Koroush Khalighi, Munish Sharma, Rohit Masih, Vadim Levin
BACKGROUND: To review the procedural safety and postimplantation complications of Watchman device implanted at 2 community hospitals for primary prevention of systemic embolization in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) who were not candidates for long-term oral anticoagulation (OAC). METHODS: This was a retrospective case series of 48 patients carried out in 2 community hospitals in the United States. Patients with NVAF who had a CHADS2 higher than 2 or CHADS2VASc2 (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age ≥75 years, diabetes mellitus, prior stroke or transient ischemic attack [TIA] or thromboembolism, vascular disease, age 65-74 years, and female gender) score of 3 or higher and were not candidates for long-term OAC...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29805367/multidetector-row-computed-tomography-and-colonoscopy-for-detecting-a-rectal-dieulafoy-lesion-as-a-source-of-lower-gastrointestinal-hemorrhage
#5
Manabu Kaneko, Hiroaki Nozawa, Yosuke Tsuji, Shigenobu Emoto, Koji Murono, Takeshi Nishikawa, Kazuhito Sasaki, Kensuke Otani, Toshiaki Tanaka, Keisuke Hata, Kazushige Kawai, Kazuhiko Koike
A Dieulafoy lesion of the rectum is a very rare entity that can cause massive lower gastrointestinal (GI) hemorrhage. Identifying the bleeding point is sometimes difficult because these lesions are very small. We herein describe an 82-year-old man with active hemorrhage due to a rectal Dieulafoy lesion. He was referred to our hospital because of persistent hematochezia from the morning of that day. He had a history of atrial fibrillation, chronic heart failure, diabetes mellitus, and hyperuricemia. Prompt multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) enabled us to detect active bleeding from the lower rectum...
January 2018: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790596/rivaroxaban-for-stroke-prevention-in-people-with-atrial-fibrillation-and-diabetes-mellitus
#6
Y-G Li, Daniele Pastori, G Y H Lip
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with various cardiovascular comorbidities, such as hypertension, heart failure and diabetes mellitus, which increases not only the risk of ischaemic stroke but also of myocardial infarction and mortality. Oral anticoagulation for stroke prevention is the cornerstone of management for people with AF, both with vitamin K antagonists, or with non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs), which show efficacy, safety and convenience compared with vitamin K antagonists [1]...
May 23, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789335/prediction-of-thrombotic-and-bleeding-events-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-credo-kyoto-thrombotic-and-bleeding-risk-scores
#7
Masahiro Natsuaki, Takeshi Morimoto, Kyohei Yamaji, Hirotoshi Watanabe, Yusuke Yoshikawa, Hiroki Shiomi, Yoshihisa Nakagawa, Yutaka Furukawa, Kazushige Kadota, Kenji Ando, Takashi Akasaka, Keiichi Igarashi Hanaoka, Ken Kozuma, Kengo Tanabe, Yoshihiro Morino, Toshiya Muramatsu, Takeshi Kimura
BACKGROUND: Prediction of thrombotic and bleeding risk is important to optimize antithrombotic therapy after percutaneous coronary intervention. METHODS AND RESULTS: We developed the prediction rules for thrombotic and bleeding events separately in Japanese patients. Derivation and validation cohorts consisted of 4778 patients from CREDO-Kyoto (Coronary Revascularization Demonstrating Outcome Study in Kyoto) registry cohort 2 and 4669 patients from RESET (Randomized Evaluation of Sirolimus-Eluting Versus Everolimus-Eluting Stent Trial) and NEXT (Nobori Biolimus-Eluting Versus Xience/Promus Everolimus-Eluting Stent Trial)...
May 22, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782283/-heart-failure-with-preserved-left-ventricular-ejection-fraction-epidemiology-patient-%C3%A2-portrait%C3%A2-clinic-and-diagnostics
#8
S V Gavryushina, F T Ageev
The article focuses on current aspects of epidemiology, clinical picture, and diagnostics of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) associated with preserved left ventricular (LV) systolic function. Heart failure with preserved LV ejection fraction (HFpEF) is shown to be prevalent in a population that accounts for more than a half of all CHF cases. The group at risk for HFpEF consists primarily of older women with arterial hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, obesity, and atrial fibrillation. The article presents algorithms for diagnosis of HFpEF based on classic and tissue Doppler echocardiography and measurement of natriuretic peptides...
2018: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780228/risk-factors-of-acute-ischemic-stroke-in-patients-presented-to-beni-suef-university-hospital-prevalence-and-relation-to-stroke-severity-at-presentation
#9
Rasha H Soliman, Mohammed I Oraby, Mohammed Fathy, Alaa M Essam
Background: Acute ischemic stroke is one of the major causes of disability and death worldwide. Effective prevention remains the best approach for reducing the burden of stroke. The aim of this work was to study the prevalence of stroke risk factors and the possible relation between such risk factors and the disease severity at presentation in a sample of stroke patients presented to Beni-Suef University Hospital, north Upper Egypt. Methods: A sample of 167 patients of acute ischemic stroke recruited from Beni-Suef University Hospital was included in this cross-sectional descriptive study...
2018: The Egyptian journal of neurology, psychiatry and neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759838/detection-of-subclinical-atrial-fibrillation-in-high-risk-patients-using-an-insertable-cardiac-monitor
#10
Tine J Philippsen, Lene S Christensen, Michael G Hansen, Jordi S Dahl, Axel Brandes
OBJECTIVES: The study sought to determine the incidence of subclinical atrial fibrillation (AF) in high-risk patients and to compare the effect of continuous versus intermittent monitoring. BACKGROUND: AF often occurs in a subclinical form, which makes it difficult to detect. The authors do not know the incidence of subclinical AF among patients ≥65 years of age with hypertension and diabetes mellitus. This group of patients has increased risk of developing AF and in addition a high thromboembolic risk, if AF is present...
December 26, 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755033/impact-of-a-history-of-hypertension-in-pregnancy-on-later-diagnosis-of-atrial-fibrillation
#11
Dawn C Scantlebury, Andrea G Kattah, Tracey L Weissgerber, Sanket Agarwal, Michelle M Mielke, Amy L Weaver, Lisa E Vaughan, Stanislav Henkin, Katherine Zimmerman, Virginia M Miller, Wendy M White, Sharonne N Hayes, Vesna D Garovic
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation/flutter (AF) produces significant morbidity in women and is typically attributed to cardiac remodeling from multiple causes, particularly hypertension. Hypertensive pregnancy disorders (HPDs) are associated with future hypertension and adverse cardiac remodeling. We evaluated whether women with AF were more likely to have experienced a HPD compared with those without. METHODS AND RESULTS: A nested case-control study was conducted within a cohort of 7566 women who had a live or stillbirth delivery in Olmsted County, Minnesota between 1976 and 1982...
May 13, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748177/risk-factors-and-temporal-trends-of-complications-associated-with-transvenous-implantable-cardiac-defibrillator-leads
#12
Jayanthi N Koneru, Paul W Jones, Eric F Hammill, Nicholas Wold, Kenneth A Ellenbogen
BACKGROUND: The transvenous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) lead is the most common source of complications in a traditional ICD system. This investigation aims to determine the incidence, predictors, and costs associated with these complications using a large insurance database. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data from the OptumLabs™ Data Warehouse, which include diagnosis, physician and procedure codes, and claims from patient hospitalizations, were analyzed...
May 10, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732494/polymyalgia-rheumatica-and-diverticular-disease-just-two-distinct-age-related-disorders-or-more-results-from-a-case-control-study
#13
Rossana Scrivo, Maria Chiara Gerardi, Iolanda Rutigliano, Paola Sessa, Daniele Mipatrini, Gaetana Maria Grazia Stricchiola, Elena Pacella, Alessio Altobelli, Chiara Castellani, Cristiano Alessandri, Fulvia Ceccarelli, Manuela Di Franco, Roberta Priori, Valeria Riccieri, Antonio Sili Scavalli, Francesca Romana Spinelli, Giuseppe La Torre, Fabrizio Conti, Guido Valesini
In a previous report of two married cohabiting couples affected by polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR), we noticed that the wife of one couple and both members of the other couple suffered from symptomatic diverticular disease (DD), whose diagnosis was made before the onset of PMR. We investigated whether DD might be a risk factor for the development of PMR. We conducted a case-control study informed on a database containing the prospectively collected medical records of consecutive PMR patients. Among comorbidities, attention was focused on symptomatic DD, provided that the diagnosis had been made by colonoscopy and/or computed tomography scan...
May 7, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721613/identification-of-dizzy-patients-who-will-develop-an-acute-cerebrovascular-syndrome-a-descriptive-study-among-emergency-department-patients
#14
I Mármol-Szombathy, E Domínguez-Durán, L Calero-Ramos, S Sánchez-Gómez
PURPOSE: To calculate the incidence of subsequent acute cerebrovascular syndrome in emergency department patients with vertigo or dizziness symptoms and to determine predictors of subsequent acute cerebrovascular syndrome in these patients. METHODS: Descriptive and retrospective hospital based-population study among emergency department patients with vertigo or dizziness symptoms in 1 year. One year follow-up since the medical visit was performed. Chi-square and Fisher tests were used for qualitative variables; Mann-Whitney U test for quantitative variables...
May 2, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721508/risk-factors-for-failure-of-direct-current-cardioversion-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-atrial-fibrillation
#15
Handrean Soran, Moulinath Banerjee, Jamal B Mohamad, Safwaan Adam, Jan Hoong Ho, Shakawan M Ismaeel, Shaishav Dhage, Akheel A Syed, Ibrahem M A Abdulla, Naveed Younis, Rayaz A Malik
Introduction: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a well-recognised risk factor for cardiovascular disease and the prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) is higher among patients with T2DM. Direct current cardioversion (DCCV) is an important management option in persistent AF. We sought to determine independent risk factors for immediate and short-term outcomes of DCCV for treatment of AF in patients with T2DM. Methods: Retrospective outcome analysis of DCCV for persistent AF in 102 T2DM patients compared with 102 controls...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721002/should-atrial-fibrillation-patients-with-hypertension-as-an-additional-risk-factor-of-the-cha2ds2-vasc-score-receive-oral-anticoagulation
#16
REVIEW
Juan Wang, Da-Peng Zhang, Hong-Bin Liu, Jiu-Chang Zhong, Xin-Chun Yang
Hypertension has been found to be increased a risk of stroke in atrial fibrillation (AF). Both the European and U.S. guidelines advocate the use of the CHA2 DS2 -VASc (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age > 75 years, diabetes mellitus, stroke/transient ischemic attack, vascular disease, age 65-74 years, sex category) scheme for risk stratification. Although vitamin K antagonists is more effective than acetylsalicylic acid at preventing ischaemic stroke, its benefit is offs by an increased haemorrhage risk...
March 2018: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720500/xanthine-oxidase-inhibitor-allopurinol-prevents-oxidative-stress-mediated-atrial-remodeling-in-alloxan-induced-diabetes-mellitus-rabbits
#17
Yajuan Yang, Jianping Zhao, Jiuchun Qiu, Jian Li, Xue Liang, Zhiwei Zhang, Xiaowei Zhang, Huaying Fu, Panagiotis Korantzopoulos, Konstantinos P Letsas, Gary Tse, Guangping Li, Tong Liu
BACKGROUND: There are several mechanisms, including inflammation, oxidative stress and abnormal calcium homeostasis, involved in the pathogenesis of atrial fibrillation. In diabetes mellitus (DM), increased oxidative stress may be attributable to higher xanthine oxidase activity. In this study, we examined the relationship between oxidative stress and atrial electrical and structural remodeling, and calcium handling abnormalities, and the potential beneficial effects of the xanthine oxidase inhibitor allopurinol upon these pathological changes...
May 2, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706202/atrial-fibrillation-manifestations-risk-factors-and-sex-differences-in-a-population-based-cohort-from-the-gutenberg-health-study
#18
Christina Magnussen, Francisco M Ojeda, Philipp S Wild, Nils Sörensen, Thomas Rostock, Boris A Hoffmann, Jürgen Prochaska, Karl J Lackner, Manfred E Beutel, Maria Blettner, Norbert Pfeiffer, Nargiz Rzayeva, Christoph R Sinning, Stefan Blankenberg, Thomas Münzel, Tanja Zeller, Renate B Schnabel
Sex differences in cardiovascular risk factors, cardiac structure and function, and disease and symptom burden in the common arrhythmia atrial fibrillation (AF) have not been investigated systematically at the population level. Cross-sectional data of 14,796 subjects (age range 35 to 74 years, 50.5% men) from the population-based Gutenberg Health Study were examined to show the distribution of cardiovascular risk factors by AF status and sex, and to determine sex-specific predictors for AF. The prevalence of AF was higher in men (4...
July 1, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703872/prevalence-risk-factors-and-secondary-prevention-of-stroke-recurrence-in-eight-countries-from-south-east-and-southeast-asia-a-scoping-review
#19
Y Y Chin, H Sakinah, A Aryati, B M Hassan
INTRODUCTION: In most Asian countries, stroke is one of the major causes of mortality. A stroke event is life-changing for stroke survivors, which results in either mortality or disability. Therefore, this study comprehensively focuses on prevalence, risk factors, and secondary prevention for stroke recurrence identified in South, East, and Southeast Asian countries. METHODS: This scoping review uses the methodological framework of Arksey and O'Malley. A comprehensive search of academic journals (English) on this topic published from 2007 to 2017 was conducted...
April 2018: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682860/role-of-chronic-kidney-disease-and-atrial-fibrillation-in-outcomes-of-patients-with-ischemic-stroke
#20
EDITORIAL
A A Khan, G Y H Lip
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 23, 2018: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
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