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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149652/estimation-of-stature-from-hand-and-handprint-measurements-in-iban-population-in-sarawak-malaysia-and-its-applications-in-forensic-investigation
#1
Nuranis-Raihan Zulkifly, Roswanira Abd Wahab, Elizabeth Layang, Dzulkiflee Ismail, Wan Nur Syuhaila Mat Desa, Salina Hisham, Naji A Mahat
Handprints and dismembered hands are commonly found during crime scene investigations and disaster victim identifications, respectively. It has been indicated that the accuracy of handprint and hand measurements for estimating stature maybe population specific. Since Iban is the largest ethnic population in Sarawak, Malaysia and because the application of anthropometry of hand and handprint within this population as well as other populations within the Southeast Asian countries remain unreported, this present study that investigated the reliability and accuracy of these two anthropometric aspects acquires forensic significance...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116087/differential-expression-of-mir-93-and-mir-21-in-granulosa-cells-and-follicular-fluid-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-associating-with-different-phenotypes
#2
Mohammad Naji, Ashraf Aleyasin, Saeid Nekoonam, Ehsan Arefian, Reza Mahdian, Fardin Amidi
The heterogeneous and multifactorial essence of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) renders a remarkable significance to microRNAs (miRNAs). Normo-androgenic (NA) and hyperandrogenic (HA) PCOS patients were compared with matched healthy women. Expression of miRNAs and TGFβ signaling genes was studied by qRT-PCR and western blotting. Effect of androgen on expression of miR-93 and miR-21 and involvement of androgen receptor were appraised. In granulosa cells (GCs), miR-93 and miR-21 showed significantly increased levels in HA patients compared to NA patients...
November 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114352/bone-allograft-an-option-for-total-mandibular-reconstruction
#3
Masoud Fallahi Motlagh, Mohamad Bayat, Siamak Naji
Total mandibular reconstruction is one of the most challenging modalities in maxillofacial surgery. In this article, we try to introduce a method of total mandible reconstruction. We report a 25-year-old male patient with complete involvement of the mandible by Langerhans cell tumor. The patient underwent total mandibulectomy and reconstruction with bone allograft harvested from a donor who had died the day before. The patient has good functional and aesthetic results in a long time. It seems that bone allograft can be a good alternative to other methods in total mandibular reconstruction...
December 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108148/grief-bereavement-and-traumatic-stress-as-natural-results-of-reproductive-losses
#4
Naji Abi-Hashem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Issues in Law & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096883/influence-of-the-quantity-of-aortic-valve-calcium-on-the-agreement-between-automated-3-dimensional-transesophageal-echocardiography-and-multidetector-row-computed-tomography-for-aortic-annulus-sizing
#5
Tomaz Podlesnikar, Edgard A Prihadi, Philippe J van Rosendael, E Mara Vollema, Frank van der Kley, Arend de Weger, Nina Ajmone Marsan, Franjo Naji, Zlatko Fras, Jeroen J Bax, Victoria Delgado
Accurate aortic annulus sizing is key for selection of appropriate transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) prosthesis size. The present study compared novel automated 3-dimensional (3D) transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) software and multidetector row computed tomography (MDCT) for aortic annulus sizing and investigated the influence of the quantity of aortic valve calcium (AVC) on the selection of TAVI prosthesis size. A total of 83 patients with severe aortic stenosis undergoing TAVI were evaluated...
October 10, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071578/expression-of-mir-15a-mir-145-and-mir-182-in-granulosa-lutein-cells-follicular-fluid-and-serum-of-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-pcos
#6
Mohammad Naji, Saeid Nekoonam, Ashraf Aleyasin, Ehsan Arefian, Reza Mahdian, Elham Azizi, Maryam Shabani Nashtaei, Fardin Amidi
PURPOSE: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrinopathies that affects women in reproductive age. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play crucial roles in normal function of female reproductive system and folliculogenesis. Deregulated expression of miRNAs in PCOS condition may be significantly implicated in the pathogenesis of PCOS. We determined relative expression of miR-15a, miR-145, and miR-182 in granulosa-lutein cells (GLCs), follicular fluid (FF), and serum of PCOS patients...
October 25, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062807/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-the-hydroalcoholic-extract-of-terminalia-chebula-fruits-on-diazinon-induced-liver-toxicity-and-oxidative-stress-in-rats
#7
Raheleh Ahmadi-Naji, Esfandiar Heidarian, Keihan Ghatreh-Samani
OBJECTIVE: Diazinon causes oxidative stress and dysfunction of the liver. This study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of the hydroalcoholic extract of Terminalia chebula, on some biochemical and histopathological parameters of liver tissue in diazinon-administered rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Wistar rats were orally administered with 25 mg/kg body weight diazinon. Vehicle (distilled water) and silymarin (50 mg/kg body weight) were used as the negative and positive control groups, respectively...
September 2017: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054082/ecological-risk-assessment-of-coastal-ecosystems-the-case-of-mangrove-forests-in-hormozgan-province-iran
#8
Saber Ghasemi, Sina Siavash Moghaddam, Amir Rahimi, Christos A Damalas, Abolfazl Naji
Sediment quality of mangrove forests in Hormozgan Province of Iran with a focus on two distinct habitats - the Hara Protected Area and the area of the Azini Bay - was studied. The accumulation of heavy metals in the sediments of the Hara Protected Area in terms of concentration was in the order of Pb > Zn > Cu > Cd and in those of the Azini Bay in the order of Zn > Cu > Pb > Cd. Based on Pearson's correlation coefficient, no significant correlations were found between concentrations of heavy metals in the sediments of the Hara Protected Area, while Zn and Pb concentrations were positively correlated in the sediments of the Azini Bay, implying a common pollution source...
October 9, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043113/simultaneous-tracking-of-cardiorespiratory-signals-for-multiple-persons-using-a-machine-vision-system-with-noise-artifact-removal
#9
Ali Al-Naji, Javaan Chahl
Most existing non-contact monitoring systems are limited to detecting physiological signs from a single subject at a time. Still, another challenge facing these systems is that they are prone to noise artifacts resulting from motion of subjects, facial expressions, talking, skin tone, and illumination variations. This paper proposes an efficient non-contact system based on a digital camera to track the cardiorespiratory signal from a number of subjects (up to six persons) at the same time with a new method for noise artifact removal...
2017: IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031723/inhibition-of-cholinergic-potentiation-of-insulin-secretion-from-pancreatic-islets-by-chronic-elevation-of-glucose-and-fatty-acids-protection-by-casein-kinase-2-inhibitor
#10
Nicolai M Doliba, Qin Liu, Changhong Li, Pan Chen, Chengyang Liu, Ali Naji, Franz M Matschinsky
OBJECTIVES: Chronic hyperlipidemia and hyperglycemia are characteristic features of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) that are thought to cause or contribute to β-cell dysfunction by "glucolipotoxicity." Previously we have shown that acute treatment of pancreatic islets with fatty acids (FA) decreases acetylcholine-potentiated insulin secretion. This acetylcholine response is mediated by M3 muscarinic receptors, which play a key role in regulating β-cell function. Here we examine whether chronic FA exposure also inhibits acetylcholine-potentiated insulin secretion using mouse and human islets...
October 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024723/homocysteine-concentrations-in-the-cognitive-progression-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#11
Nicolas Farina, Fredrik Jernerén, Cheryl Turner, Kathryn Hart, Naji Tabet
OBJECTIVES: Hyperhomocysteinemia in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is widely reported and appears to worsen as the disease progresses. While active dietary intervention with vitamins B12 and folate decreases homocysteine blood levels, with promising clinical outcomes in Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI), this so far has not been replicated in established AD populations. The aim of the study is to explore the relationship between hyperhomocystenemia and relevant vitamins as the disease progresses...
December 1, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959710/bilateral-control-of-functional-electrical-stimulation-and-robotics-based-telerehabilitation
#12
Naji Alibeji, Brad E Dicianno, Nitin Sharma
Currently a telerehabilitation system includes a therapist and a patient where the therapist interacts with the patient, typically via a verbal and visual communication, for assessment and supervision of rehabilitation interventions. This mechanism often fails to provide physical assistance, which is a modus operandi during physical therapy or occupational therapy. Incorporating an actuation modality such as functional electrical stimulation (FES) or a robot at the patient's end that can be controlled by a therapist remotely, to provide therapy or to assess and measure rehabilitation outcomes can significantly transform current telerehabilitation technology...
February 2017: International journal of intelligent robotics and applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952946/model-based-dynamic-control-allocation-in-a-hybrid-neuroprosthesis
#13
Nicholas A Kirsch, Xuefeng Bao, Naji A Alibeji, Brad E Dicianno, Nitin Sharma
A hybrid neuroprosthesis that combines human muscle power, elicited through functional electrical stimulation (FES), with a powered orthosis may be advantageous over a sole FES or a powered exoskeleton-based rehabilitation system. The hybrid system can conceivably overcome torque reduction due to FESinduced muscle fatigue by complementarily using torque from the powered exoskeleton. The second advantage of the hybrid system is that the use of human muscle power can supplement the powered exoskeleton's power (motor torque) requirements; thus, potentially reducing the size and weight of a walking restoration system...
September 22, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951327/circulating-b-cells-in-type-1-diabetics-exhibit-fewer-maturation-associated-phenotypes
#14
Patrick Hanley, Jennifer A Sutter, Noah G Goodman, Yangzhu Du, Debora R Sekiguchi, Wenzhao Meng, Michael R Rickels, Ali Naji, Eline T Luning Prak
Although autoantibodies have been used for decades as diagnostic and prognostic markers in type 1 diabetes (T1D), further analysis of developmental abnormalities in B cells could reveal tolerance checkpoint defects that could improve individualized therapy. To evaluate B cell developmental progression in T1D, immunophenotyping was used to classify circulating B cells into transitional, mature naïve, mature activated, and resting memory subsets. Then each subset was analyzed for the expression of additional maturation-associated markers...
October 2017: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947745/fingerprint-of-local-disorder-in-long-range-ordered-isometric-pyrochlores
#15
Laura Martel, Mohamed Naji, Karin Popa, Jean-François Vigier, Joseph Somers
The detailed characterization of local order and disorder in isometric A2B2O7 crystalline pyrochlores is of significant importance in view of their wide range and sensitive technological applications. Nevertheless, much remains to be understood concerning their atomic scale structures. Here we specifically pinpoint local order and disorder in four stoichiometric Ln2Zr2O7 (Ln = La, Nd, Sm and Eu) pyrochlores using a combination of three standard easily available laboratory techniques: XRD, (17)O solid-state MAS NMR and Raman spectroscopy...
September 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944597/caloric-restriction-induced-decreases-in-dopamine-receptor-availability-are-associated-with-leptin-concentration
#16
Julia P Dunn, Naji N Abumrad, Robert M Kessler, Bruce W Patterson, Rui Li, Pamela Marks-Shulman, Robyn A Tamboli
OBJECTIVE: It has been previously reported that early after Roux-en-Y-gastric bypass, dopamine (DA) type 2 and 3 receptor (D2/3R) binding potential (BPND ) was decreased from preoperative levels. The current study aimed to determine whether calorie restriction without weight loss modifies D2/3R BPND and whether such changes are explained by neuroendocrine regulation. METHODS: Fifteen females with obesity (BMI = 39 ± 6 kg/m(2) ) were studied before and after ∼10 days of a very-low-calorie-diet (VLCD)...
November 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938687/mediastinal-lesions-across-the-age-spectrum-a-clinicopathological-comparison-between-pediatric-and-adult-patients
#17
Tingting Liu, Lika'a Fasih Y Al-Kzayer, Xiao Xie, Hua Fan, Shamil Naji Sarsam, Yozo Nakazawa, Lei Chen
The objective of this study was to identify the differences in histopathological distribution and clinical features of mediastinal lesions (MLs) across the age spectrum in Chinese series of patients and to compare with the available literature. A total of 409 cases of MLs, including 137 pediatric and 272 adult patients from a single institution, was reviewed and categorized into groups according to age. Among the 409 cases, the age showed a bimodal distribution with an increased incidence of MLs among (< 10 year) and (60-< 70 year) age groups...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927742/the-effect-of-sex-and-menstrual-phase-on-memory-formation-during-a-nap
#18
Negin Sattari, Elizabeth A McDevitt, Dagmara Panas, Mohammad Niknazar, Maryam Ahmadi, Mohsen Naji, Fiona C Baker, Sara C Mednick
Memory formation can be influenced by sleep and sex hormones in both men and women, and by the menstrual cycle in women. Though many studies have shown that sleep benefits the consolidation of memories, it is not clear whether this effect differs between men and women in general or according to menstrual phase in women. The present study investigated the effect of sex and menstrual cycle on memory consolidation of face-name associations (FNA) following a daytime nap. Recognition memory was tested using a face-name paired associates task with a polysomnographic nap between morning and evening testing...
September 18, 2017: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927609/structure-and-properties-of-oil-palm-based-nanocellulose-reinforced-chitosan-nanocomposite-for-efficient-synthesis-of-butyl-butyrate
#19
Nursyafiqah Elias, Sheela Chandren, Nursyafreena Attan, Naji Arafat Mahat, Fazira Ilyana Abdul Razak, Joazaizulfazli Jamalis, Roswanira Abdul Wahab
In this study, nanocellulose (NC) was successfully extracted from oil palm frond leaves (OPFL) using a combination of bleaching, alkaline treatment and acid hydrolysis. X-ray diffractogram revealed the extracted NC was crystalline with a crystallinity index of 70.2%. This indicates its suitability as nano-fillers for preparing the chitosan/nanocellulose (CS-NC) supports to immobilize Candida rugosa lipase (CRL) to produce the CRL/CS-NC biocatalysts. FTIR, FESEM and TGA characterizations of the CRL/CS-NC confirm the CRLs were successfully conjugated to the CS-NC supports...
November 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906406/parathyroid-hormone-in-relation-to-various-vitamin-d-metabolites-in-adult-females
#20
Nasser M Al-Daghri, Sobhy Yakout, Ihtisham Bukhari, Malak N K Khattak, Yousef Al-Saleh, Naji Aljohani, Omar S Al-Attas, Majed Alokail
Vitamin D binding protein (DBP) and albumin are the important determinants of circulatory 25(OH)D in adults. Physiological function of vitamin D is particularly regulated by DBPs. Serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) is considered as the biological activity reader of circulating 25(OH)D. We therefore examined the relationships between serum total, free, and bioavailable 25(OH)D versus PTH in apparently healthy Saudi female adults.A total of 350 apparently healthy Saudi female adults ([Mean ± standard deviation] age [years] 52...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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