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Ankle stability

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434457/role-and-significance-of-trunk-and-upper-extremity-muscles-in-walker-assisted-paraplegic-gait-a-case-study
#1
Mina Baniasad, Farzam Farahmand, Mokhtar Arazpour, Hassan Zohoor
Background and Purpose: Understanding the role and significance of trunk and upper extremity muscles in paraplegic gait can help in designing more effective assistive devices for these patients and also provides valuable information for improving muscle strengthening programs. Methods: In a patient with a spinal cord injury (SCI) who could walk independently (rating scale of ambulatory capacity, 9) with the aid of bilateral ankle-foot orthosis and a walker, the kinematics, kinetics and electromyographic (EMG) activities of 16 muscles from the trunk and upper and lower extremities were recorded during gait...
2018: Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425307/concerns-about-ankle-injury-prophylaxis-and-acceptance-of-the-parachute-ankle-brace-among-jumpmaster-students
#2
Jeffrey D Fogle, Aaron C Jannings, Michael T Gross, Richard A Scheuring, Joshua Crist
Introduction: Several studies have shown that the parachute ankle brace (PAB) is safe, cost-effective, and reduces the rates of ankle injuries during military parachuting. However, the acceptability and usability of the PAB has not been well established in units that regularly do airborne exercises. Many anecdotal concerns in the past may be limiting common use. The purpose of the study is to ascertain the attitudes toward the PAB among experienced paratroopers. Methods: One hundred experienced paratroopers training to be jumpmasters at the Advanced Airborne School (Fort Bragg, NC) voluntarily responded to a 13-item, paper questionnaire to assess attitudes toward the PAB, its use, and concerns about future ankle injuries...
February 6, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421837/all-inside-single-bundle-reconstruction-of-the-anterior-cruciate-ligament-with-the-anterior-half-of-the-peroneus-longus-tendon-compared-to-the-semitendinosus-tendon-a-two-year-follow-up-study
#3
Mingguang Bi, Chen Zhao, Shuijun Zhang, Bin Yao, Zheping Hong, Qing Bi
The anterior half of the peroneus longus tendon (AHPLT) has been reported to be acceptable for ligament reconstruction with respect to strength and safety. However, there is little information regarding the clinical outcomes after using the AHPLT compared with other autograft tendons. A prospective randomized controlled study was performed to compare the results of 62 cases of all-inside anatomical single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using the AHPLT and 62 cases using semitendinosus graft with an average of 30...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420055/functional-results-of-open-brostr%C3%A3-m-ankle-ligament-repair-augmented-with-a-suture-tape
#4
J Chris Coetzee, J Kent Ellington, James A Ronan, Rebecca M Stone
BACKGROUND: The Broström procedure is the most commonly used lateral ligament repair for chronic instability, but there is concern about the strength of the repair and the risk of reinjury. Currently, the InternalBraceTM ligament augmentation repair is an accepted augmentation method for management of a Broström procedure. Our hypothesis was that augmentation of the Broström repair with an InternalBraceTM would allow accelerated rehabilitation and return to activity and would aid in stability of the repair without a tendency to stretch...
February 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416163/fibulectomy-for-primary-proximal-fibular-bone-tumors-a-functional-and-clinical-outcome-in-46-patients
#5
Zile Singh Kundu, Milind Tanwar, Parveen Rana, Rajeev Sen
Background: Primary benign and malignant tumors of the proximal fibula are not very common. Upper fibula being an expendable bone; the majority of the primary bone tumors at this site are usually treated with en bloc proximal fibulectomy. There is scarce literature on functional results, difficulties faced during dissection when to preserve or sacrifice common peroneal nerve and importance of lateral collateral ligament repair after proximal fibulectomy. The present study attempts at assessing these variables...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413794/gait-adaptations-of-older-adults-on-an-uneven-brick-surface-can-be-predicted-by-age-related-physiological-changes-in-strength
#6
P C Dixon, K H Schütte, B Vanwanseele, J V Jacobs, J T Dennerlein, J M Schiffman
BACKGROUND: Outdoor falls in community-dwelling older adults are often triggered by uneven pedestrian walkways. It remains unclear how older adults adapt to uneven surfaces typically encountered in the outdoor built-environment and whether these adaptations are associated to age-related physiological changes. RESEARCH QUESTION: The aims of this study were to (1) compare gait parameters over uneven and flat brick walkways, (2) evaluate the differences between older and young adults for these two surfaces, and (3) assess if physiological characteristics could predict adaptations in older adults...
January 29, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413789/differences-in-neuromuscular-activity-of-ankle-stabilizing-muscles-during-postural-disturbances-a-gender-specific-analysis
#7
Juliane Mueller, Eduardo Martinez-Valdes, Josefine Stoll, Steffen Mueller, Tilman Engel, Frank Mayer
The purpose was to examine gender differences in ankle stabilizing muscle activation during postural disturbances. Seventeen participants (9 females: 27 ± 2yrs., 1.69 ± 0.1 m, 63 ± 7 kg; 8 males: 29 ± 2yrs., 1.81 ± 0.1 m; 83 ± 7 kg) were included in the study. After familiarization on a split-belt-treadmill, participants walked (1 m/s) while 15 right-sided perturbations were randomly applied 200 ms after initial heel contact. Muscle activity of M. tibialis anterior (TA), peroneus longus (PL) and gastrocnemius medialis (GM) was recorded during unperturbed and perturbed walking...
January 26, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413777/advanced-conservative-treatment-of-complete-acute-rupture-of-the-lateral-ankle-ligaments-verifying-by-stabilometry
#8
Jana Řezaninová, Luboš Hrazdira, Dagmar Moc Králová, Zdeněk Svoboda, Azriel Benaroya
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the result of the specific conservative treatment of acute lateral ankle ligaments rupture and verify the effect of this therapy by stabilometry. METHODS: 17 young athletes were examined after acute lateral ankle sprain (grade III). Diagnosis was based on musculoskeletal ultrasound examinations. Pressure plate evaluated postural stability after conservative treatment at regular intervals during 1year. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in postural stability in double-leg stance between limbs...
February 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413768/open-and-arthroscopic-lateral-ligament-repair-for-treatment-of-chronic-ankle-instability-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Matteo Guelfi, Marco Zamperetti, Andrea Pantalone, Federico G Usuelli, Vincenzo Salini, Xavier Martin Oliva
BACKGROUND: Chronic ankle instability is defined by an instability lasting more than 6 months, in those cases where a comprehensive conservative treatment fails a surgical stabilization is required. Several surgical techniques have been proposed for the management of the chronic lateral instability of the ankle and even after 50 years, the Broström-Gould technique is still considered the gold standard for the treatment of this pathology. Recently, many authors have developed completely arthroscopic lateral ligament repair and the use of these procedures is rapidly increasing...
February 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410578/effects-of-visual-feedback-balance-training-on-the-balance-and-ankle-instability-in-adult-men-with-functional-ankle-instability
#10
Seung-Min Nam, Kyoung Kim, Do Youn Lee
[Purpose] This study examined the effects of visual feedback balance training on the balance and ankle instability in adult men with functional ankle instability. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty eight adults with functional ankle instability, divided randomly into an experimental group, which performed visual feedback balance training for 20 minutes and ankle joint exercises for 10 minutes, and a control group, which performed ankle joint exercise for 30 minutes. Exercises were completed three times a week for 8 weeks...
January 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409282/stair-shaped-achilles-tendon-lengthening-in-continuity-a-new-method-to-treat-equinus-deformity-in-patients-with-spastic-cerebral-palsy
#11
Zhengxun Li, Ning Zhang, Yang Wang, Songhua Cao, Zheng Huang, Yong Hu
BACKGROUND: Equinus of the ankle is a common deformity in spastic cerebral palsy. Achilles tendon lengthening is one of the effective options for the treatment of equinus deformity. METHODS: In the study, a new stair-shaped Achilles tendon lengthening (ATL) procedure that preserves of the tendon continuity was performed in 28 tendons with equinus deformity (20 patients, mean age=10.5±2.6 years). The results were compared with a group of patients treated with the Z-lengthening procedure...
October 27, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409264/a-comparison-of-the-all-inside-arthroscopic-brostr%C3%A3-m-procedure-with-the-traditional-open-modified-brostr%C3%A3-m-gould-technique-a-review-of-62-patients
#12
Ryan B Rigby, James M Cottom
BACKGROUND: The open Broström-Gould lateral ankle stabilization procedure has been the gold standard for primary lateral ankle stabilization. A new minimally invasive all-inside arthroscopic technique has been described for the correction of lateral ankle instability. METHODS: We performed a review of patients who underwent lateral ankle stabilization by either the traditional open Broström-Gould (BG) or the All-Inside Bröstrom (AIB) technique to compare and identify any discrepancies between functional and/or patient satisfaction outcomes...
February 5, 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409218/use-of-masquelet-s-technique-for-treating-the-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint-in-cases-of-gout-combined-with-a-massive-bone-defect
#13
Feng Liu, Ruo-Kun Huang, Ming Xie, Hao Pan, Jing-Jing Zhao, Bo Lei
BACKGROUND: To examine the safety and efficacy of Masquelet's technique as a surgical method for treating the first metatarsophalangeal joint in cases of gout accompanied by a massive bone defect. METHODS: From January 2010 to January 2016, eleven patients (7 males and 4 females; mean age 33.1 years; range, 23-43 years) received surgical treatment for a first metatarsophalangeal joint tophus which caused a serious bone defect. The first metatarsophalangeal bone defects ranged from 3-6cm, or nearly 50% of the length of normal bone...
February 17, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409215/syndesmotic-stability-is-there-a-radiological-normal-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Dr Akilesh Anand Prakash
BACKGROUND: Syndesmotic injury and instability poses a diagnostic challenge with unreliable clinical tests and inconsistent radiologic measures. Thus, used widely in clinical practice, there is huge debate pertaining to the reliability and validity of the radiologic parameters used for syndesmotic instability. OBJECTIVE: Hence the purpose of the review was to explore the normal radiologic measures and morphometrics of distal tibiofibular syndesmosis and its relationships, which can aid in diagnosing syndesmotic instability...
February 16, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409212/american-orthopaedic-foot-and-ankle-society-ankle-hindfoot-scale-a-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-study-from-iran
#15
Amir Reza Vosoughi, Narges Roustaei, Hamideh Mahdaviazad
BACKGROUND: The use of valid and reliable outcome rating scales is essential for evaluating the result of different treatments and interventions. The purposes of this study were to translate and culturally adapt the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society ankle-hindfoot scale (AOFAS-AHFS) into Persian languages and evaluate its psychometric properties. METHODS: Forward-backward translation and cultural adaptation method were used to develop Persian version of AOFAS-AHFS...
February 17, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409205/clinical-characteristics-and-surgical-experience-of-type-iii-wagstaffe-fractures-pay-attention-to-concomitant-chondral-injury-of-the-talus
#16
Ming Zhang, Yun-Feng Chen, Lei Wang, Fan Li, Hai-Feng Wei, Zhong-Min Shi
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate clinical characteristics and surgical management of Type III Wagstaffe fracture. METHODS: From August 2012 to July 2015, 13 patients with Type III Wagstaffe fractures were surgically treated. During operation, the cartilage of joint surface was explored. Wagstaffe fragment was fixed with cannulated screw or suture, Chaput fragment was fixed with cannulated screw or plate, and Cotton test was performed to evaluate the stability of syndesmosis during the operation...
April 27, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409203/intramedullary-fixation-of-lateral-malleolus-using-fibula-rod-system-in-ankle-fractures-in-the-elderly
#17
Sudhakar Rao Challagundla, Sandeep Shewale, Calum Cree, Amanda Hawkins
BACKGROUND: Operative management of ever increasing ankle fractures in the elderly need a reliable system of internal fixation. We present results of one such fixation, Fibula Rod System. METHODS: Patients who underwent Fibula Rod System were included. Fracture union rate, complications, time to weight bearing and patient satisfaction using FAAM score were studied. RESULTS: The mean age of the fifteen patients included was 74 years. Satisfactory reduction was achieved and maintained in all...
April 27, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409185/reconstruction-of-the-lateral-ankle-ligaments-using-the-anterior-half-of-peroneus-longus-tendon-graft
#18
Yaning Sun, Huijuan Wang, Yuchao Tang, Haitao Zhao, Shiji Qin, Fengqi Zhang
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to report our institution's experience in the treatment of chronic lateral ankle instability using the anterior half of the peroneus longus tendon (AHPLT) to reconstruct the lateral ligament. METHODS: This retrospective study included 32 consecutive patients with chronic lateral ankle instability who underwent surgery from January 2013 to December 2014. All patients had failed to resolve with conservative treatment. A total of 32 ankles underwent AHPLT transfer...
November 23, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409073/pediatric-osteochondral-lesions
#19
Selwan B Abdullah, Ramesh S Iyer, Narendra S Shet
Osteochondral lesions are common in children and may arise from a variety of etiologies. Although they most frequently occur in the knee, other joints may be involved including the ankle and elbow. We describe the typical imaging appearance of osteochondral lesions with a focus on radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging. Assessment of the stability of these lesions is of paramount importance in directing management. As such, we describe staging schemes as well as imaging features differentiating stable from unstable lesions...
February 2018: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407072/poor-outcomes-of-fusion-with-trabecular-metal-implants-after-failed-total-ankle-replacement-early-results-in-11-patients
#20
S Aubret, L Merlini, M Fessy, J L Besse
INTRODUCTION: One of the reasons for revision of total ankle replacement (TAR) implants is loosening due to subchondral cysts. Reconstruction and fusion of the ankle is often the first choice for revision procedures due to the large bone defects, which are typically filled with autograft and/or allograft. Filling the defect with a trabecular metal tantalum implant is a potential alternative given the biomechanical properties of this component. HYPOTHESIS: Using tantalum as a spacer provides primary stability and contributes to fusion of the ankle joint after removal of failed TAR implants...
January 30, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
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