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lupus nutrition

Marina Aparicio-Soto, Marina Sánchez-Hidalgo, Ma Ángeles Rosillo, Ma Luisa Castejón, Catalina Alarcón-de-la-Lastra
Nowadays, it is clear that an unhealthy diet is one of the prime factors that contributes to the rise of inflammatory diseases and autoimmunity in the populations of both developed and developing countries. The Mediterranean diet has been associated with a reduced incidence of certain pathologies related to chronic inflammation and the immune system. Olive oil, the principal source of dietary lipids of the Mediterranean diet, possesses a high nutritional quality and a particular composition, which is especially relevant in the case of Extra Virgin Olive Oil (EVOO)...
October 26, 2016: Food & Function
Rossella Attini, Filomena Leone, Silvia Parisi, Federica Fassio, Irene Capizzi, Valentina Loi, Loredana Colla, Maura Rossetti, Martina Gerbino, Stefania Maxia, Maria Grazia Alemanno, Fosca Minelli, Ettore Piccoli, Elisabetta Versino, Marilisa Biolcati, Paolo Avagnina, Antonello Pani, Gianfranca Cabiddu, Tullia Todros, Giorgina B Piccoli
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy in women with advanced CKD becoming increasingly common. However, experience with low-protein diets in CKD patients in pregnancy is still limited. Aim of this study is to review the results obtained over the last 15 years with moderately restricted low-protein diets in pregnant CKD women (combining: CKD stages 3-5, proteinuria: nephrotic at any time, or > =1 g/24 at start or referral; nephrotic in previous pregnancy). CKD patients on unrestricted diets were employed for comparison...
2016: BMC Nephrology
Hai Long, Heng Yin, Ling Wang, M Eric Gershwin, Qianjin Lu
One of the major disappointments in human autoimmunity has been the relative failure on genome-wide association studies to provide "smoking genetic guns" that would explain the critical role of genetic susceptibility to loss of tolerance. It is well known that autoimmunity refers to the abnormal state that the dysregulated immune system attacks the healthy cells and tissues due to the loss of immunological tolerance to self-antigens. Its clinical outcomes are generally characterized by the presence of autoreactive immune cells and (or) the development of autoantibodies, leading to various types of autoimmune disorders...
July 5, 2016: Journal of Autoimmunity
Sergio Serrano-Villar, David Rojo, Mónica Martínez-Martínez, Simon Deusch, Jorge F Vázquez-Castellanos, Talía Sainz, Mar Vera, Santiago Moreno, Vicente Estrada, María José Gosalbes, Amparo Latorre, Abelardo Margolles, Jana Seifert, Coral Barbas, Andrés Moya, Manuel Ferrer
Imbalances in gut bacteria have been associated with multiple diseases. However, whether there are disease-specific changes in gut microbial metabolism remains unknown. Here, we demonstrate that human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection (n = 33) changes, at quantifiable levels, the metabolism of gut bacteria. These changes are different than those observed in patients with the auto-immune disease systemic lupus erythaematosus (n = 18), and Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea (n = 6). Using healthy controls as a baseline (n = 16), we demonstrate that a trend in the nature and directionality of the metabolic changes exists according to the type of the disease...
2016: Scientific Reports
Aline Lauria P Abrão, Denise Pinheiro Falcao, Rivadávio Fernandes Batista de Amorim, Ana Cristina B Bezerra, Gilson Augusto N M Pombeiro, Luciano Junqueira Guimarães, Felipe Fregni, Luciano Paulino Silva, Licia Maria Henrique da Mota
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic multisystemic disease characterized by autoimmune inflammatory disturbance. Pleomorphic manifestations are present and a potentially progressive and debilitating course can be detected. SLE rarely manifests before age 5, and its onset peaks is around puberty. Although clinical manifestations, immunological alterations and treatment do not differ between juvenile and adult SLE, children tend to present with a more aggressive disease course than adults. Hence, autoimmune rheumatic diseases are the most common cause of morbidity and mortality in pediatric populations...
April 2016: Medical Hypotheses
Guang-Ming Han, Xiao-Feng Han
INTRODUCTION: Persistent inflammation and oxidative stress are the main mechanisms that increase the risks of cardiovascular disease-related morbidity and mortality in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). As a natural antioxidant, lycopene can alleviate oxidative stress and suppress inflammation. We hypothesized that lycopene could have the potential to reduce mortality in SLE. METHOD: Thirty-seven participants with SLE from the NHANES III were divided into two groups (higher level group and lower level group) by rank method according to serum lycopene...
October 2016: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
Mahtab Samimi
The whole examination of oral cavity, other mucosae and skin is required when managing a cheilitis. Irritants (climatic, mechanical, caustic agents...) constitute the main aetiological factors of cheilitis. Allergic contact cheilitis should be investigated with a detailed anamnesis in order to search any causative agent in contact with the oral mucosae. Patch testing is required to confirm the diagnosis of delayed hypersensivity. Chronic actinic cheilitis occurs mostly in middle-aged, fair-skinned men. It is a potentially malignant condition that requires biopsies to exclude severe dysplasia or carcinoma...
February 2016: La Presse Médicale
Yan Zhou, Yusheng Yu, Zheng Tang, Shijun Li, Weixin Hu, Chunlei Luo, Zhihong Liu
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of peritoneal dialysis (PD) in patients with severe lupus nephritis (LN) complicated with organ dysfunction. In total, 13 severe LN patients complicated with multiple-organ dysfunction, who underwent PD treatment between November 2003 and September 2010, were enrolled in the study. Six patients received methylprednisolone pulse therapy due to lupus activity and progressive renal failure. These patients were complicated with severe edema, cardiac insufficiency and severe hypoalbuminemia...
December 2015: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Daniele Machado, Roseli O S Sarni, Thaís T O Abad, Simone G L Silva, Eugênia J B Khazaal, Sonia Hix, Milena S G Correia, Fabíola I Suano-Souza, Claudio A Len, Maria Teresa R A Terreri
The aim of the study was to describe biomarkers of lipid metabolism associated with increased cardiovascular risk and their correlation with disease variables and markers of inflammation in adolescent females with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). This cross-sectional controlled study evaluated 33 adolescent females with juvenile SLE and 33 healthy controls. Anthropometric data, SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI), medications, proteinuria, ultra-sensitive C-reactive protein (us-CRP), lipid profile (total cholesterol, LDL-c, HDL-c and triglycerides), apolipoproteins A and B (Apo A-I and B), paraoxonase, and myeloperoxidase were evaluated...
November 16, 2015: Rheumatology International
Jared F Duquette, Jerrold L Belant, Nathan J Svoboda, Dean E Beyer, Patrick E Lederle
Female ungulate reproductive success is dependent on the survival of their young, and affected by maternal resource selection, predator avoidance, and nutritional condition. However, potential hierarchical effects of these factors on reproductive success are largely unknown, especially in multi-predator landscapes. We expanded on previous research of neonatal white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) daily survival within home ranges to assess if resource use, integrated risk of 4 mammalian predators, maternal nutrition, winter severity, hiding cover, or interactions among these variables best explained landscape scale variation in daily or seasonal survival during the post-partum period...
2015: PloS One
Ashley K McGrew, Todd M O'Hara, Craig A Stricker, J Margaret Castellini, Kimberlee B Beckmen, Mo D Salman, Lora R Ballweber
Some gastrointestinal helminths acquire nutrients from the lumen contents in which they live; thus, they may be exposed to non-essential elements, such as mercury (Hg), during feeding. The objectives of this study were: 1) determine the total mercury concentrations ([THg]) in Gray wolves (Canis lupus) and their parasites, and 2) use stable isotopes to evaluate the trophic relationships within the host. [THg] and stable isotopes (C and N) were determined for helminths, host tissues, and lumen contents from 88 wolves...
December 1, 2015: Science of the Total Environment
M Caetano, M T Terreri, T Ortiz, M Pinheiro, F Souza, R Sarni
The aim of this study is to evaluate body composition and the bone mineral density in female adolescents with juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus. Body composition (BC) and bone mineral density (BMD) were evaluated in an observational cohort study with 35 postmenarcheal adolescent females. The variables studied were as follows: current and cumulative corticosteroid dose, intake of supplements containing calcium and vitamin D, 24-h proteinuria, body mass index (BMI), and height for age (Z-score). BC was assessed using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) at two time points (median interval of 1...
December 2015: Clinical Rheumatology
S T Everett, R Wolf, I Contento, V Haiduc, M Richey, D Erkan
BACKGROUND: Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are at a high risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) due to increased prevalence of traditional and nontraditional CVD risks factors. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of patient-centered nutrition counseling methods on changes in select nutrient, anthropometric, and clinical outcomes in SLE patients enrolled in a CVD prevention counseling program (CVD PCP). METHODS: From March 2009 to June 2011 a subgroup of SLE patients enrolled in our CVD PCP were referred to a registered dietitian for individualized nutrition counseling...
October 2015: Lupus
Vikas A Mishra, Rishit Harbada, Akhilesh Sharma
The array of diagnostic workup for pyrexia of unknown origin (PUO) generally revolves in searching for infections, inflammatory/autoimmune, and endocrine etiologies. A differential diagnosis of fever, hemolytic anemia, and thrombocytopenia can have etiologies varying from infections like malaria, dengue, cytomegalovirus, Ebstein barr virus, Parvovirus, infective endocarditis, to autoimmune disorder (systemic lupus erythromatosis), vasculitis, hemolytic uremic syndrome, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), autoimmune hemolytic anemia/Evan's syndrome, paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuri (PNH), or drugs...
January 2015: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Arancha Hevia, Christian Milani, Patricia López, Adriana Cuervo, Silvia Arboleya, Sabrina Duranti, Francesca Turroni, Sonia González, Ana Suárez, Miguel Gueimonde, Marco Ventura, Borja Sánchez, Abelardo Margolles
UNLABELLED: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is the prototypical systemic autoimmune disease in humans and is characterized by the presence of hyperactive immune cells and aberrant antibody responses to nuclear and cytoplasmic antigens, including characteristic anti-double-stranded DNA antibodies. We performed a cross-sectional study in order to determine if an SLE-associated gut dysbiosis exists in patients without active disease. A group of 20 SLE patients in remission, for which there was strict inclusion and exclusion criteria, was recruited, and we used an optimized Ion Torrent 16S rRNA gene-based analysis protocol to decipher the fecal microbial profiles of these patients and compare them with those of 20 age- and sex-matched healthy control subjects...
2014: MBio
Carlos Alberto García López, Fernando Laredo-Sánchez, José Malagón-Rangel, Miguel G Flores-Padilla, Haiko Nellen-Hummel
Intestinal pseudo-obstruction secondary to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a rare syndrome described in recent decades. There are slightly over 30 published cases in the English language literature, primarily associated with renal and hematological disease activity. Its presentation and evolution are a diagnostic challenge for the clinician. We present four cases of intestinal pseudo-obstruction due to lupus in young Mexican females. One patient had a previous diagnosis of SLE and all presented with a urinary tract infection of varying degrees of severity during their evolution...
August 28, 2014: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Aaron Lerner, Miri Blank
Celiac disease is a life-long autoimmune disease affecting multiple organs of genetically susceptible individuals. One of the extra intestinal manifestations of the disease is thromboembolic events like strokes, veins' thrombosis, and pregnancy losses. Hypercoagulable autoimmune diseases like lupus erythematosus and antiphospholipid syndrome, associated with celiac disease just add risk to the patients. Pathogenic predisposing avenues increasing the hypercoagulability in celiac disease are multiple: nutritional deficiencies (B12, folate, and vitamin K), genetic predisposition (MTHFR mutations), thrombophilic autoantibodies, hyperhomocysinemia, endothelial dysfunction and platelet abnormalities...
November 2014: Autoimmunity Reviews
Jared F Duquette, Jerrold L Belant, Nathan J Svoboda, Dean E Beyer, Patrick E Lederle
Growth of ungulate populations is typically most sensitive to survival of neonates, which in turn is influenced by maternal nutritional condition and trade-offs in resource selection and avoidance of predators. We assessed whether resource use, multi-predator risk, maternal nutritional effects, hiding cover, or interactions among these variables best explained variation in daily survival of free-ranging neonatal white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) during their post-partum period (14 May-31 Aug) in Michigan, USA...
2014: PloS One
James H Rimmer, Edward Wang, Christine A Pellegrini, Carolyn Lullo, Ben S Gerber
OBJECTIVE: Weight reduction programs are not generally designed or adapted for people with physical disabilities. This study examined the effect of a 9-months remote, telephone-based weight management program for people with physical disabilities using a Web-based system (Personalized Online Weight and Exercise Response System [POWERS]). DESIGN: A total of 102 participants (mean ± SD age, 46.5 ± 12.7 yrs; body mass index, 32.0 ± 5.8 kg/m) with a physical disability (spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, spina bifida, cerebral palsy, stroke, or lupus) were randomized to one of three conditions: physical activity only (POWERS), physical activity plus nutrition (POWERS), and control...
December 2013: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Giulio Fortuna, Michael T Brennan
Systemic lupus erythematosus is a chronic autoimmune disorder characterized by production of autoantibodies directed against nuclear and cytoplasmic antigens, affecting several organs. Although cause is largely unknown, pathophysiology is attributed to several factors. Clinically, this disorder is characterized by periods of remission and relapse and may present with various constitutional and organ-specific symptoms. Diagnosis is achieved via clinical findings and laboratory examinations. Therapies are based on disease activity and severity...
October 2013: Dental Clinics of North America
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