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Treatment of acute sinusitis

Dat T Vo, George F Cravens, Robert E Germann
BACKGROUND: Intramedullary abscess is a rare neurosurgical condition that usually arises in the setting of penetrating trauma to the spinal cord, infected congenital dural sinuses, or tuberculosis. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a case of a 35-year-old African American male who presented with sepsis and a clinical picture of meningitis. The patient continued to have declining neurological status with decreasing sensation and worsening motor strength in all four extremities...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Patrizia Salice, Mario Giovanni Bianchetti, Alessandra Giavarini, Erica Gondoni, Riccardo Cavalli, Anna Maria Colli, Federico Lombardi
Propranolol is becoming the treatment of choice for complicated infantile hemangioma. We report here data on peripheral blood flow, O2-saturation, electrocardiographic PR-interval, left ventricular function, blood pressure and heart rate that were assessed before and during treatment for ≥4 weeks with propranolol 2 mg/kg of body weight daily in 67 infants <12 months of age in normal sinus rhythm and with structurally normal hearts. Management with propranolol was well tolerated in all and did not modify peripheral blood flow, O2-saturation, electrocardiographic PR-interval and left ventricular fractional shortening or ejection fraction...
October 19, 2016: Pharmacology
Maya Koren-Michowitz, Noa Lavi, Martin H Ellis, Alessandro M Vannucchi, Ruben Mesa, Claire N Harrison
Extreme thrombocytosis (ExT) has been associated with an increased bleeding risk in myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) patients and is included in the high risk category in treatment guidelines. Treatment of patients with ExT has not been studied in prospective trials. To study physicians' approaches to ExT, we distributed a web based questionnaire with clinical case scenarios to 202 members of MPN working groups. Cases included low thrombotic risk essential thrombocythemia (ET) with either JAK2V617F or CALR mutation, polycythemia vera with ExT either with or without leukocytosis, an ET patient needing urgent orthopedic surgery, and a poorly controlled ET patient with acute cerebral venous sinus thrombosis...
October 13, 2016: Annals of Hematology
Gustavo F Wandalsen, Carolina Miranda, Luis Felipe Ensina, Flavio Sano, Roberto Bleul Amazonas, Joyce Macedo da Silva, Dirceu Solé
INTRODUCTION: A combination of antihistamines and oral corticosteroids is often used to treat acute symptoms of allergic rhinitis. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate safety and efficacy of desloratadine plus prednisolone in the treatment of acute symptoms of children (2-12 years) with allergic rhinitis, and to compare it to dexchlorpheniramine plus betamethasone. METHODS: Children with moderate/severe persistent allergic rhinitis and symptomatic (nasal symptoms score [0-12]≥6) were allocated in a double-blind, randomized fashion to receive dexchlorpheniramine plus betamethasone (n=105; three daily doses) or desloratadine plus prednisolone (n=105; single dose followed by two of placebo) for 7 days...
September 13, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Hossein Rahmani, Iraj Javadi, Saeed Shirali
Sulfur mustard (SM) or bis (2-chloroethyl) sulfide is a vesicant and alkylating chemical weapon. SM was used in the 1980s against Iran by Iraqi forces. After exposure to SM in initial acute phase the greatest damage is incurred by the eyes, skin and lungs and the highest damage is caused to the lungs. This injury not only in the acute phase but also in the long-term has the highest prevalence among these patients. Clinical symptoms of people after exposure to SM start with irritation of the nose and sinuses in the mild doses to the runny nose and pain at higher doses and even irritation of the airways and bronchial engagement in very high doses...
June 2016: Int J Curr Res Acad Rev
Ahmet Yigit Goktay, Cagin Senturk
Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is a common disorder with a significant mortality rate. Successful endovascular treatment of acute DVT is most likely to be achieved in patients with recently formed thrombus, (<10-14 days) with acute iliofemoral DVT. Endovascular treatment options include: Catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT), pharmacomechanical catheter-directed thrombolysis (PCDT), percutaneous aspiration thrombectomy (PAT), vena cava filter protection, venous balloon dilatation and venous stent implantation...
September 24, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Hans-Joachim Trappe
Consciousness disorders may have many causes, mainly cardiac arrhythmias. The incidence of bradyarrhythmias (BA) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is 0.3-18 % and caused by sinus node dysfunction (SND), high degree atrioventricular (AV) block or bundle branch blocks. SND are sinus bradycardia or sinus arrest. 1st degree AV-block occurs in 4-13 % of patients with ACS caused by rhythm disturbances in atrium, AV node, bundle of His or the Tawara system. 1st or 2nd degree AV block is seen very frequently within 24 hours after beginning of ACS and these arrhythmias are frequently transient and no more present after 72 hours...
September 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
W Zhou, Q Liu, W D Zhao, H P Yu, X C Sun, J J Wang, Z F Liu, H Y Li, C Q Zheng, S Y Wang, D H Wang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the survival outcomes of invasive fungal rhinosinusitis by analyzing the clinical features. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for cases of invasive fungal sinusitis proved by histological analysis between March 2006 and November 2015. All relevant factors including interval from the onset of symptoms to initiation of diagnosis, clinical characteristics, features of CT and MRI, treatment and prognosis were collected. A total of 18 patients (10 males; 8 females) were identified...
August 7, 2016: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Michael R Preusch, Jonas Rusnak, Kathrin Staudacher, Carolin Mogler, Lorenz Uhlmann, Philipp Sievers, Florian Bea, Hugo A Katus, Erwin Blessing, Ingo Staudacher
OBJECTIVE: There is increasing evidence supporting the role of platelets in atherosclerotic vascular disease. The G-protein-coupled receptor P2Y12 is a central mediator of platelet activation and aggregation but has also been linked to platelet-independent vascular disease. Ticagrelor is an oral P2Y12 antagonist that is used as a standard treatment in patients after acute myocardial infarction. However, the effects of ticagrelor on advanced atherosclerosis have not been investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-week-old apolipoprotein-E-deficient mice received standard chow or standard chow supplemented with 0...
2016: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
Yuzhu Wan, Guanggang Shi, Haibo Wang
BACKGROUND: The orbital complications account for about 80% of all complications secondary to acute rhinosinusitis. If the treatment is not correct and in time, orbital complications could progress rapidly, leading to optic neuritis, cavernous sinus thrombophlebitis or life-threatening intracranial complications. AIMS: To evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of conservative therapy for the patients with orbital cellulitis and endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) performed on patients with subperiosteal abscess (SPA) secondary to acute rhinosinusitis in children...
July 2016: Balkan Medical Journal
Federico Sacchetti, Silvia Stagni, Luca Spinardi, Luigi Raumer, Nicola Dentale, Luigi Cirillo
We report the uncommon case of an acute cavernous sinus syndrome in a patient who was consequently discovered to have both a cavernous internal carotid artery aneurysm and bacterial meningitis. Which came first, the chicken or the egg? Which of the two, the aneurysm or the meningitis, gave rise to the patient's symptoms? We briefly reviewed the literature of similar cases and tried to analyze the possible pathophysiological relationship between these findings. Moreover, this case highlights the importance of a multidisciplinary management of these patients to better decide between a medical and a surgical and/or endovascular treatment...
September 2016: Radiology case reports
Asaf Honig, Ruth Eliahou, Roni Eichel, Ari Aharon Shemesh, Tamir Ben-Hur, Eitan Auriel
Bilateral thalamic infarction (BTI) typically presents as a sleep-like coma (SLC) without localizing signs, posing a diagnostic challenge that may lead the treating physician to search for toxic or metabolic causes and delay treatment. We review our experience with BTI of different etiologies, and emphasize the critical role of timely imaging, diagnosis, and management in a series of 12 patients with a presentation of SLC and acute BTI who were managed in our Medical Centers from 2006-2015. In 11/12, urgent head CT scans showed normal brain tissue, while diffusion-weighted (DWI) MRI revealed symmetric bilateral thalamic hyperintense lesions with variable degrees of brainstem involvement...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Rachel Zeig-Owens, Anna Nolan, Barbara Putman, Ankura Singh, David J Prezant, Michael D Weiden
BACKGROUND: High rates of upper and lower airways disease have occurred in Fire Department of the City of New York (FDNY) workers exposed to the World Trade Center (WTC) disaster site. Most experienced acute declines in pulmonary function, and some continued to experience decline over 14 years of follow-up. Similarly, some with rhinosinusitis had symptoms requiring sinus surgery. AIM: To increase generalizability of biomarker investigation, we describe biomarkers of risk for upper and lower airway injury that do not require stored serum...
September 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Pasquale Procacci, Daniele De Santis, Dario Bertossi, Massimo Albanese, Cristina Plotegher, Giovanni Zanette, Alessia Pardo, Pier Francesco Nocini
This case report describes an extraordinary case of the spontaneous transmaxillary-transnasal discharge of a dental implant, which occurred during a sneeze. The patient was complained of symptoms of acute sinusitis. She underwent a computed tomography scan that revealed a dental implant dislocated in the maxillary sinus. Medical treatment based on antibiotics and mucolytics was administered to the patient in order to prepare her for endoscopic endonasal surgery. The implant was spontaneously discharged two days after during a sneeze...
August 16, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Wilawan Thipmontree, Wiwit Tantibhedhyangkul, Saowaluk Silpasakorn, Ekkarat Wongsawat, Duangdao Waywa, Yupin Suputtamongkol
Scrub typhus is endemic in Thailand. Of the 495 patients with acute undifferentiated fever studied in Maharat Nakhon Ratchasima Hospital, Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand, from June 1, 2011, to December 31, 2012, 146 patients (29.5%) had confirmed scrub typhus. The majority of cases were male, farmers, with the mean (±standard deviation) age of 54.1 ± 15.2 years. A total of 59 patients (40.4%) had eschar lesion. The commonest sites for an eschar in male patients were the perineum, inguinal, and buttock area; whereas in females, it was the head and neck area...
October 5, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Andrea Ciofalo, Marco de Vincentiis, Giampietro Zambetti, Giancarlo Altissimi, Massimo Fusconi, Antonio Greco, Giancarlo Ottaviano, Giuseppe Magliulo
Acute rhinosinusitis (ARS) is defined as an inflammation of the mucosa of the nose and paranasal sinuses and affects 1-5 % of general population in Europe. Sinonasal diseases represent the main cause of smell alterations in adult patients and lead to mucosal congestion, increased quantity and density of secretions and altered mucociliary transport. For this reason the odorous molecules contained in the inspired air, cannot interact with the olfactory epithelium. Medical therapy of ARS has to reduce the severity and duration of symptoms and prevent complications...
August 27, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Satoshi Koyama, Kazunori Fujiwara, Tsuyoshi Morisaki, Takahiro Fukuhara, Katsuyuki Kawamoto, Hiroya Kitano, Hiromi Takeuchi
Piriform sinus fistula (PSF) is a rare branchial anomaly that causes repetitive acute suppurative thyroiditis or deep neck abscess. The definitive treatment of PSF is open neck surgery. However, such surgery has a cosmetic problem and a high risk of recurrence. Furthermore, identifying the fistula is difficult due to previous repetitive infections. We report a case of esophageal submucosal abscess caused by PSF treated with endoscopic mucosal incision. The patient underwent transoral video laryngoscopic surgery (TOVS), and endoscopy as well as fluoroscopy revealed complete closure of PSF without any complication...
August 25, 2016: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
Jiming Li, Weiliang Luo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a risk factor for acute ischemic stroke (AIS). In mainland China, little is known of the hospitalization expenses of AIS patients with AF compared to those with normal sinus rhythm (SR). This study compared the itemized expenses of AIS patients with or without AF in a hospital in Huizhou City. METHODS: Patients hospitalized for AIS from March 2014 to March 2015 were enrolled, including 73 with AF and 751 with normal SR...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Medical Economics
Julio Alcayaga, María P Oyarce, Rodrigo Del Rio
Ventilation is peripherally controlled by afferent activity arising from the peripheral chemoreceptors. In the rat, chemosensory activity is conveyed to the central nervous system through axons of neurons located in the nodose-petrosal-jugular-complex. These neurons have distinct electrophysiological properties, including a persistent Na(+) current. Acute blockade of this current with phenytoin and other anti-epileptic drugs reduces normoxic chemosensory activity and responses to acute hypoxia. However, because anti-epileptic therapy is prolonged and there is no information on the effects of chronic phenytoin treatment on peripheral chemosensory activity, we studied the effects of long-lasting phenytoin treatment (~25 days) on afferent chemosensory activity, on a wide range of oxygen inspiratory fractions...
August 20, 2016: Brain Research
Kenta Nakamura, Jonathan J Passeri, Ignacio Inglessis-Azuaje
We report a case of acute aorto-right ventricular fistula following transcatheter bicuspid aortic valve replacement and subsequent percutaneous closure. The diagnosis and treatment of this rare complication is illustrated through multi-modality imaging. We hypothesize that the patient's heavily calcified bicuspid aortic valve anatomy led to asymmetric deployment of the transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) prosthesis, traumatizing the right sinus of Valsalva at the distal edge of the TAVR stent and ultimately fistulized to the right ventricle...
August 22, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
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