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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904615/acute-pericarditis-as-a-presentation-of-adrenal-insufficiency
#1
Sukesh Manthri, Sindhura Bandaru, Abdisamad Ibrahim, Chaitanya K Mamillapalli
Acute pericarditis as a presenting sign of adrenal insufficiency is rarely reported. We present a rare case that highlights pericarditis as a clinical presentation of secondary adrenal insufficiency later complicated by cardiac tamponade. A 44-year-old lady who presented to the hospital with a one-day history of pleuritic chest pain and shortness of breath. In the emergency room, she had a blood pressure of 70/35 mmHg. Laboratory evaluation revealed white blood cell count of 16.08 k/cumm with neutrophilia, normal renal function and elevated troponin (0...
April 13, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898490/-temporary-pacemakers-step-by-step
#2
Matthias Graf, Patrick Stiller, Martin Karch
Symptomatic bradycardia is usually caused by abnormalities of atrioventricular conduction or sinus node dysfunction. Reversible and irreversible causes must be considered.Temporary pacemakers are used in the emergency treatment in case of severe bradyarrhythmia.They help to bridge the acute phase until spontaneous restoration of atrioventricular or sinus node function or -if spontaneous restoration fails- until a permanent pacemaker system was implanted.In the following article we discuss the commonly used temporary pacemaker systems...
June 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896565/malignant-subdural-hematoma-associated-with-high-grade-meningioma
#3
Shinichiro Teramoto, Akira Tsunoda, Kaito Kawamura, Natsuki Sugiyama, Rikizo Saito, Chikashi Maruki
A 70-year-old man, who had previously undergone surgical resection of left parasagittal meningioma involving the middle third of the superior sagittal sinus (SSS) two times, presented with recurrence of the tumor. We performed removal of the tumor combined with SSS resection as Simpson grade II. After tumor removal, since a left dominant bilateral chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) appeared, it was treated by burr hole surgery. However, because the CSDH rapidly and repeatedly recurred and eventually changed to acute subdural hematoma, elimination of the hematoma with craniotomy was accomplished...
April 2018: Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895627/sub-acute-leaflet-thrombosis-a-reversible-cause-of-aortic-stenosis
#4
Athina Chasapi, Adam Hobbs, Theodore Velissaris, Benoy N Shah
A 77 year old male underwent elective bioprosthetic aortic valve replacement (23mm Carpentier-Edwards Perimount MagnaEase) for severe aortic stenosis. His pre-discharge transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) was normal. He presented 9 days after surgery with dyspnoea and fever. He was in sinus rhythm. Blood cultures were taken and he was commenced on empirical antibiotics for possible infective endocarditis (subsequently all negative). Repeat TTE showed a well-seated prosthesis without regurgitation but elevated gradients (peak / mean gradients 49 / 22 mmHg respectively)...
June 12, 2018: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29885664/zumba-induced-takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-a-case-report
#5
Sana Chams, Skye El Sayegh, Mulham Hamdon, Sarwan Kumar, Zain Kulairi
BACKGROUND: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy or stress cardiomyopathy is characterized by transient left ventricular apical ballooning in the absence of coronary occlusion. The underlying pathophysiological mechanism is still unclear but possible causes have been proposed mainly catecholamine cardiotoxicity, followed by metabolic disturbance, coronary microvascular impairment, and multivessel epicardial coronary artery vasospasm. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy accounts for 1-2% of patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome with the majority of patients diagnosed with Takotsubo cardiomyopathy being women > 55 years of age...
June 10, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869525/organized-hematoma-of-the-sphenoid-sinus-causing-acute-visual-loss
#6
Young Hoon Yoon, Sung Ha Kim, Yong Min Kim, Ki-Sang Rha
Sinonasal organized hematoma, which has locally aggressive characteristics, is a non-neoplastic disease. We report a rare case of sphenoid sinus organized hematoma causing acute visual loss. A 35-year-old male presented with progressive headaches, retro-orbital pain, and frequent epistaxis. He had a medical history of aplastic anemia and of taking warfarin for a valvular heart disease. On image studies, an expansive soft tissue density lesion with bony destruction was found in his left sphenoid sinus. While waiting for elective surgery, acute visual loss occurred...
June 1, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29852139/the-utility-of-polyether-ether-ketone-implants-adjacent-to-sinus-cavities-after-craniofacial-trauma
#7
Visakha Suresh, Rachel Anolik, David Powers
PURPOSE: Polyether-ether-ketone (PEEK) implants have become increasingly popular for use in reconstructive procedures. It is imperative to understand the consequences of using this biomaterial in anatomic sites that can pose a risk of infection. Specifically, the use of PEEK in paranasal sinus cavity reconstruction is not well documented. This study examined postoperative complications, namely surgical site infection and implant loss, in patients who underwent paranasal sinus cavity reconstruction using PEEK implants...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850267/should-de-winter-t-wave-electrocardiography-pattern-be-treated-as-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-equivalent-with-consequent-reperfusion-a-dilemmatic-experience-in-rural-area-of-indonesia
#8
Raymond Pranata, Ian Huang, Vito Damay
Background: Although de Winter T-wave electrocardiography pattern is rare, it signifies proximal left anterior descending artery occlusion and is often unrecognized by physicians. The aim of this case report was to highlight the dilemma in the management of a patient with de Winter T-wave pattern in the hospital without interventional cardiology facility. Case Presentation: A 65-year-old male presented with typical chest pain since 2 hours before admission, and ECG showed sinus rhythm of 57 bpm and >1 mm upsloping ST depression with symmetric tall T in lead V2-3 characteristic of de Winter T-wave ECG pattern...
2018: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845000/pituitary-abscess-a-rare-clinical-entity-in-the-presence-of-acute-rhinosinusitis-a-case-report
#9
Vincent John Anagnos, Ricardo A Hanel, Iman Naseri
A pituitary abscess is an often-overlooked diagnosis in the clinical presentation of a sellar mass. Due to its rare incidence and nonspecific presentation, diagnosis and treatment is often delayed. The authors describe a 56-year-old male patient presenting with acute onset of severe headache, visual field deficit, and radiologic findings of an expansile sellar lesion. The presenting symptoms were unremarkable for the diagnosis of meningitis, cavernous sinus thrombosis, and septicemia. Recent medical history included symptoms of rhinosinusitis on the days preceding his acute presentation...
April 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29798258/-transcatheter-arterial-embolization-in-the-treatment-of-maxillary-artery-pseudoaneurysm-hemorrhage-a-case-report
#10
J P Shan, X J Xu, J Wu, W B Ji
Internal maxillary arterial pseudoaneurysm is a potential complication of maxillofacial surgery. A 34-year old woman with maxillary sinus cancer undergoing multiple endoscopic sinus surgery,and subsequently developed acute massive nasal hemorrhage. She was eventually successfully treated with intravascular embolization. The recurrence of nasal hemorrhage was not observed during a seven-month follow up.
July 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29798169/-study-of-minimally-invasive-treatment-of-low-temperative-plasma-for-the-congenital-pyriform-sinus-fistula-during-acute-infection-phase
#11
Y M Zhang, H Cao, J Z Sang, Y Z Dai, L Z Wang, R Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792403/index-of-microcirculatory-resistance-guided-therapy-with-pressure-controlled-intermittent-coronary-sinus-occlusion-improves-coronary-microvascular-function-and-reduces-infarct-size-in-patients-with-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-the-oxford-acute-myocardial
#12
Giovanni Luigi De Maria, Mohammad Alkhalil, Alessandra Borlotti, Mathias Wolfrum, Lisa Gaughran, Erica Dall'Armellina, Jeremy P Langrish, Andrew J Lucking, Robin P Choudhury, Rajesh K Kharbanda, Keith M Channon, Adrian P Banning
AIMS: The Oxford Acute Myocardial Infarction PICSO (OxAMI-PICSO) study aimed to assess the efficacy of index of microcirculatory resistance (IMR)-guided therapy with pressure-controlled intermittent coronary sinus occlusion (PICSO) in anterior ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with anterior STEMI treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) were enrolled. Pre-stenting IMR was measured and PICSO treatment delivered if pre-stenting IMR was >40...
May 24, 2018: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782068/comparison-of-outcomes-following-culture-directed-vs-non-culture-directed-antibiotics-in-treatment-of-acute-exacerbations-of-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#13
Carol H Yan, Navarat Tangbumrungtham, Ximena A Maul, Yifei Ma, Jayakar V Nayak, Peter H Hwang, Zara M Patel
BACKGROUND: Acute exacerbations in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) are often treated with courses of systemic antibiotics. Poor correlation between microbiologic culture results and the sinus microbiome in CRS has caused increased debate as to the relevance of culture-directed antibiotics. There is currently sparse data comparing outcomes of culture-directed antibiotics vs non-culture-directed antibiotics for treatment of CRS. METHODS: This work reports a retrospective review...
May 21, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775170/rationale-design-and-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-dabigatran-etexilate-versus-dose-adjusted-warfarin-in-patients-with-cerebral-venous-thrombosis
#14
José M Ferro, Francesco Dentali, Jonathan M Coutinho, Adam Kobayashi, Jorge Caria, Marc Desch, Mandy Fraessdorf, Holger Huisman, Hans-Christoph Diener
Rationale To prevent recurrent venous thrombotic events after acute cerebral venous or dural sinus thrombosis, guidelines recommend long-term oral anticoagulation with vitamin K antagonists. Non-vitamin K oral anticoagulant experience in cerebral venous or dural sinus thrombosis is limited to case reports and series. Aim To compare dabigatran with dose-adjusted warfarin in patients with cerebral venous or dural sinus thrombosis for the prevention of recurrent venous thrombotic event. Sample size One hundred and twenty patients...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775027/-clinical-research-of-different-characteristics-of-fungal-ball-sinusitis
#15
M J Wang, B Zhou, Y C Li, S J Cui, Q Huang
Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the clinical features of different subtypes of fungal ball sinusitis. Method: Four hundred and forty-nine cases with fungal ball rhinosinusitis (FBS) were involved in this retrospective analysis. The clinical features including symptoms, signs, and imaging scans, pathological results were all collected for each patient and the patients were classified into different subtypes according to these clinical features and the follow-up treatment. Result: In this retrospective study, 449 patients who diagnosed with fungal ball sinusitis were involved...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768279/congenital-pyriform-sinus-fistula-management-of-an-extra-delayed-and-atypical-case
#16
Filippo Montevecchi, Alberto Caranti, Giovanni Cammaroto, Lisa Buci, Bruno Brevi, Claudio Vicini
Clinical presentations of pyriform sinus fistulas vary, and this sometimes leads to a delay in diagnosis and treatment. Recently, we experienced a case of recurrent cervical abscesses occurring after thyroidectomy in an adult affected by a bifidus pyriform sinus fistula. The diagnostic dilemma was related to the timing of events, with a single episode of acute suppurative thyroiditis having occurred 16 years before the onset of the more recent clinical scenario. An endoscopic approach allowed effective management of this clinical case...
May 16, 2018: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767829/homeopathy-in-the-age-of-antimicrobial-resistance-is-it-a-viable-treatment-for-upper-respiratory-tract-infections
#17
Alison Fixsen
BACKGROUND:  Acute upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) and their complications are the most frequent cause of antibiotic prescribing in primary care. With multi-resistant organisms proliferating, appropriate alternative treatments to these conditions are urgently required. Homeopathy presents one solution; however, there are many methods of homeopathic prescribing. This review of the literature considers firstly whether homeopathy offers a viable alternative therapeutic solution for acute URTIs and their complications, and secondly how such homeopathic intervention might take place...
May 2018: Homeopathy: the Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755803/acute-mastoiditis-complicated-with-concomitant-bezold-s-abscess-and-lateral-sinus-thrombosis
#18
Aziz Mustafa, Burhan Toçi, Hajdin Thaçi, Bujar Gjikolli, Nehat Baftiu
Bezold's abscess is a very rare extracranial complication of acute mastoiditis. Lateral sinus thrombosis is another intracranial complication of acute mastoiditis that can occur, but there are only few reports of concomitant ispilateral Bezold's abscess and lateral sinus thrombosis with favorable outcome. We diagnosed and treated successfully a 14-year-old girl suffering from Streptococcus pneumoniae acute mastoiditis complicated with Bezold's abscess and lateral sinus thrombosis. Surgical treatment included myringotomy, cortical mastoidectomy, and Bezold's abscess incision and drainage...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752489/cerebral-venous-thrombosis-state-of-the-art-diagnosis-and-management
#19
REVIEW
Adam A Dmytriw, Jin Soo A Song, Eugene Yu, Colin S Poon
PURPOSE: This review article aims to discuss the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and neuroimaging of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT). Different approaches for diagnosis of CVT, including CT/CTV, MRI/MRV, and US will be discussed and the reader will become acquainted with imaging findings as well as limitations of each modality. Lastly, this exhibit will review the standard of care for CVT treatment and emerging endovascular options. METHODS: A literature search using PubMed and the MEDLINE subengine was completed using the terms "cerebral venous thrombosis," "stroke," and "imaging...
May 11, 2018: Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750825/cyclamen-europaeum-extract-for-acute-sinusitis
#20
REVIEW
Anca Zalmanovici Trestioreanu, Ankur Barua, Barak Pertzov
BACKGROUND: Acute sinusitis is a common reason for primary care encounters. It causes significant symptoms including facial pain, congested nose, headache, thick nasal mucus, fever, and cough and often results in time off work or school. Sinusitis treatment focuses on eliminating causative factors and controlling the inflammatory and infectious components. The frozen, dried, natural fluid extract of the Cyclamen europaeum plant delivered intranasally is thought to have beneficial effects in relieving congestion by facilitating nasal drainage, and has an anti-inflammatory effect...
May 11, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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