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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844636/factors-associated-with-routine-childhood-vaccine-uptake-and-reasons-for-non-vaccination-in-india-1998-2008
#1
Mark Rohit Francis, Hanna Nohynek, Heidi Larson, Vinohar Balraj, Venkata Raghava Mohan, Gagandeep Kang, J Pekka Nuorti
BACKGROUND: Despite almost three decades of the Universal Immunization Program in India, a little more than half the children aged 12-23months receive the full schedule of routine vaccinations. We examined socio-demographic factors associated with partial-vaccination and non-vaccination and the reasons for non-vaccination among Indian children during 1998 and 2008. METHODS: Data from three consecutive, nationally-representative, District Level Household and Facility Surveys (1998-99, 2002-04 and 2007-08) were pooled...
August 24, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833941/ultrastructure-and-distribution-of-antennal-sensilla-of-the-chilli-thrips-scirtothrips-dorsalis-hood-thysanoptera-thripidae
#2
Wenjing Zhu, Shihao Zhou, Shijie Wang, Dongyin Han, Junyu Chen, Yueguan Fu
The chilli thrips, Scirtothrips dorsalis Hood, is a serious pest of numerous important vegetable and ornamental crops. Various signals, especially phytochemical cues, determine the behavior of the phytophagous thrips at host selection. The sensory abilities of S. dorsalis are poorly understood although the antennae of adult are known to possess important sensory structures in orther insects. In this study, the morphology, distribution, and ultrastructure of the antennal sensilla of the S. dorsalis were examined by using scanning and transmission electron microscopy...
August 21, 2017: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606213/is-emotional-intelligence-impaired-in-unaffected-siblings-of-patients-with-schizophrenia
#3
Beatrice Frajo-Apor, Georg Kemmler, Silvia Pardeller, Markus Huber, Christian Macina, Anna-Sophia Welte, Alex Hofer
OBJECTIVES: Social cognitive deficits have been discussed to be endophenotypes for schizophrenia and other serious mental illnesses. The current study aimed to assess emotional intelligence (EI) in unaffected siblings of schizophrenia patients to investigate its potential role as endophenotype for schizophrenia. METHODS: EI was measured in 56 schizophrenia patients, 57 unaffected siblings, and 127 healthy control subjects by using the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT)...
June 13, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535807/identification-of-putative-olfactory-g-protein-coupled-receptors-in-crown-of-thorns-starfish-acanthaster-planci
#4
Rebecca E Roberts, Cherie A Motti, Kenneth W Baughman, Noriyuki Satoh, Michael R Hall, Scott F Cummins
BACKGROUND: In marine organisms, and in particular for benthic invertebrates including echinoderms, olfaction is a dominant sense with chemosensation being a critical signalling process. Until recently natural product chemistry was the primary investigative approach to elucidate the nature of chemical signals but advances in genomics and transcriptomics over the last decade have facilitated breakthroughs in understanding not only the chemistry but also the molecular mechanisms underpinning chemosensation in aquatic environments...
May 23, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489967/associations-of-the-polymorphisms-in-dhrs4-serping1-and-apor-genes-with-postmortem-ph-in-berkshire-pigs
#5
Jung Hye Hwang, Sang Mi An, Seul Gi Kwon, Da Hye Park, Tae Wan Kim, Deok Gyung Kang, Go Eun Yu, Il-Suk Kim, Hwa Chun Park, Jeongim Ha, Chul Wook Kim
Postmortem pH is a main factor influencing the meat quality in pigs. This study investigated the association of postmortem pH with single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the fourth member of the short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase family (DHRS4), the first member of serpin peptidase inhibitor, clade G (complement inhibitor) (SERPING1), and the apolipoprotein R precursor (APOR) genes in Berkshire pigs. The study included 437 pigs, and genotyping was conducted using the GoldenGate Assay (Illumina, San Diego, CA, USA)...
May 10, 2017: Animal Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449660/selective-measurement-of-%C3%AE-smooth-muscle-actin-why-%C3%AE-actin-can-not-be-used-as-a-housekeeping-gene-when-tissue-fibrosis-occurs
#6
Apor Veres-Székely, Domonkos Pap, Erna Sziksz, Eszter Jávorszky, Réka Rokonay, Rita Lippai, Kálmán Tory, Andrea Fekete, Tivadar Tulassay, Attila J Szabó, Ádám Vannay
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of fibroproliferative diseases, including chronic kidney disease is rapidly increasing and has become a major public health problem worldwide. Fibroproliferative diseases are characterized by increased expression of α smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) that belongs to the family of the six conserved actin isoforms showing high degree homology. The aim of the present study was to develop real-time PCRs that clearly discriminate α-SMA and ß-actin from other actin isoforms...
April 27, 2017: BMC Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290178/multiple-valvular-complications-of-hypereosinophilic-syndrome
#7
Zoltán Pozsonyi, Szabolcs Benedek, Pál Sármán, Lívia Jánoskuti, Tivadar Hüttl, Astrid Apor
Endomyocardial fibrosis (EMF) is the most common cardiac abnormality in hyeperosinophilic syndrome (HES), sometimes complicated with mitral valve disease. Mitral valve disease without ventricular manifestation is very rare, however. Case reports link HES to prosthetic valve thrombosis (PVT), but the optimal type of prosthetic valve in HES is not known. Herein is reported the case of a young female HES patient with secondary mitral valve degeneration and severe regurgitation. A mechanical prosthetic valve was implanted six months after she was diagnosed with HES, but despite anticoagulation and antiplatelet therapy she developed PVT three months later...
November 2016: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253513/microarray-analysis-reveals-increased-expression-of-matrix-metalloproteases-and-cytokines-of-interleukin-20-subfamily-in-the-kidneys-of-neonate-rats-underwent-unilateral-ureteral-obstruction-a-potential-role-of-il-24-in-the-regulation-of-inflammation-and-tissue
#8
Domonkos Pap, Erna Sziksz, Zoltán Kiss, Réka Rokonay, Apor Veres-Székely, Rita Lippai, István Márton Takács, Éva Kis, Andrea Fekete, György Reusz, Adam Vannay, Attila J Szabó
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Congenital obstructive nephropathy (CON) is the main cause of pediatric chronic kidney diseases leading to renal fibrosis. High morbidity and limited treatment opportunities of CON urge the better understanding of the underlying molecular mechanisms. METHODS: To identify the differentially expressed genes, microarray analysis was performed on the kidney samples of neonatal rats underwent unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO). Microarray results were then validated by real-time RT-PCR and bioinformatics analysis was carried out to identify the relevant genes, functional groups and pathways involved in the pathomechanism of CON...
2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243934/risky-sex-and-hiv-acquisition-among-hiv-serodiscordant-couples-in-zambia-2002-2012-what-does-alcohol-have-to-do-with-it
#9
Dvora Joseph Davey, William Kilembe, Kristin M Wall, Naw Htee Khu, Ilene Brill, Bellington Vwalika, Elwyn Chomba, Joseph Mulenga, Amanda Tichacek, Marjan Javanbakht, W Scott Comulada, Susan Allen, Pamina M Gorbach
In this paper we evaluate the effects of heavy alcohol consumption on sexual behavior, HIV acquisition, and antiretroviral treatment (ART) initiation in a longitudinal open cohort of 1929 serodiscordant couples in Lusaka, Zambia from 2002 to 2012. We evaluated factors associated with baseline heavy alcohol consumption and its association with condomless sex with the study partner, sex outside of the partnership, and ART initiation using multivariable logistic regression. We estimated the effect of alcohol consumption on HIV acquisition using multivariable Cox models...
July 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212171/ability-based-emotional-intelligence-in-schizophrenia
#10
REVIEW
Beatrice Frajo-Apor, Alex Hofer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: As one part of social cognition, emotional intelligence is a controversially discussed construct. Although well founded critique on the conceptualization of emotional intelligence has emerged over the last years, studies about emotional intelligence - especially the ability-based approach by Mayer and Salovey - can persistently be found in schizophrenia research. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies published between October 2015 and October 2016 were included in this review...
May 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129495/the-association-between-antenatal-exposure-to-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-and-autism-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Hilary K Brown, Neesha Hussain-Shamsy, Yona Lunsky, Cindy-Lee E Dennis, Simone N Vigod
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the relationship between antenatal selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) exposure and child autism, with specific attention to maternal mental illness (MMI) as a potential confounding factor. DATA SOURCES: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, and CINAHL from database inception to January 28, 2016. STUDY SELECTION: Keywords included terms for SSRIs, pregnancy, and autism...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095135/respirator-use-among-us-farm-operators-with-asthma-results-from-the-2011-farm-and-ranch-safety-survey
#12
Megan L Casey, Jacek M Mazurek
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to estimate the national prevalence of respirator use among farm operators with farm work-related asthma and factors associated with respirator use. METHODS: The authors examined the 2011 Farm and Ranch Safety Survey, a national survey collected from 11,210 actively farming farm operators in the United States. Adjusted prevalence ratios (aPORs) of respirator use were calculated by demographic characteristics, farm characteristics, asthma characteristics, and selected exposures and hazards...
2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988560/the-advertisement-call-and-geographic-distribution-of-i-proceratophrys-dibernardoi-i-brand%C3%A3-o-caramaschi-vaz-silva-amp-campos-2013-anura-odontophrynidae
#13
Cláudia Márcia Marily Ferreira, José Luiz Massao Moreira Sugai, Franco Leandro DE Souza, Sheila Pereira DE Andrade, Wilian Vaz-Silva, Rogério Pereira Bastos, Alessandro Ribeiro DE Morais
Proceratophrys dibernardoi Brandão, Caramaschi, Vaz-Silva & Campos 2013 has recently been described and allocated into the P. cristiceps species group, but no information about its advertisement calls has been provided (Brandão et al. 2013). Here, we describe for the first time the advertisement calls of P. dibernardoi based on specimens from Central Brazil. We also expand P. dibernardoi´s geographic distribution by reporting a new population in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, constituting the westernmost record for this species, and extending its known range approximately 330 km westward of the municipality of Aporé, State of Goiás (P...
December 9, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852112/emotional-intelligence-and-cognitive-abilities-associations-and-sex-differences
#14
Silvia Pardeller, Beatrice Frajo-Apor, Georg Kemmler, Alex Hofer
In order to expand on previous research, this cross-sectional study investigated the relationship between Emotional Intelligence (EI) and cognitive abilities in healthy adults with a special focus on potential sex differences. EI was assessed by means of the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso-Emotional-Intelligence Test (MSCEIT), whereas cognitive abilities were investigated using the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS), which measures key aspects of cognitive functioning, i.e. verbal memory, working memory, motor speed, verbal fluency, attention and processing speed, and reasoning and problem solving...
November 17, 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783364/scanning-electron-microscopy-study-of-the-antennal-sensilla-of-monema-flavescens-walker-lepidoptera-limacodidae
#15
S Yang, H Liu, J T Zhang, J Liu, H Zheng, Y Ren
Monema flavescens Walker (Lepidoptera: Limacodidae) is a serious polyphagous defoliator. Using scanning electron microscopy, the external morphology of the antennal sensilla of this pest was examined for a better understanding of the mechanisms of insect-insect and insect-plant chemical communications. The antennae of M. flavescens were filiform in shape, and 11 morphological types of sensilla were found in both sexes. Six types of likely chemosensory sensilla were identified: uniporous sensilla chaetica, multiporous sensilla trichodea, and four types of multiporous sensilla basiconica...
October 25, 2016: Neotropical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777802/tafro-syndrome-associated-with-ebv-and-successful-triple-therapy-treatment-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Malorie Simons, Emmanuel Apor, James N Butera, Diana O Treaba
TAFRO syndrome is a rare constellation of symptoms: thrombocytopenia, anasarca, reticulin fibrosis of the bone marrow, renal dysfunction, and organomegaly. Its pathogenesis involves an excessive and inappropriate cytokine storm, most notably from IL-6, causing multiorgan failure; however, its etiology is undetermined. Starting in 2012, TAFRO syndrome was first identified in Japan as an atypical variant of Castleman's disease. Previous reports include various different treatment protocols with inconsistent survival outcomes...
2016: Case Reports in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664780/fine-structure-of-antennal-sensilla-of-the-spittlebug-philaenus-spumarius-l-insecta-hemiptera-aphrophoridae-i-chemoreceptors-and-thermo-hygroreceptors
#17
Emanuele Ranieri, Sara Ruschioni, Paola Riolo, Nunzio Isidoro, Roberto Romani
The meadow spittlebug, Philaenus spumarius (L.) (Hemiptera: Cercopoidea: Aphrophoridae), is a polyphagous species that transmits Xylella fastidiosa, a bacterium associated with "Olive Quick Decline Syndrome" in Southern Italy. In this study, the morphology and the ultrastructure of the antennal sensilla of P. spumarius were investigated. The antennae consist of three segments: a basal scape, a pedicel and a flagellum composed of a basal enlargement (ampulla) and a long segment (filament). The pedicel bears a single campaniform sensillum while the ampulla houses twelve coeloconic sensilla and three large basiconic sensilla...
September 2016: Arthropod Structure & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27645294/antennal-sensilla-and-their-nerve-innervation-in-first-instar-nymphs-of-porphyrophora-sophorae-arch-hemiptera-coccomorpha-margarodidae
#18
Xu Wang, Yingping Xie, Yanfeng Zhang, Weimin Liu
Porphyrophora (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha: Margarodidae) is a genus of soil-inhabiting scale insects. The antennal sensilla and their innervation in the first-instar nymphs of Porphyrophora sophorae were studied using light microscopy and scanning and transmission electron microscopy to understand the function of these sensilla and determine the sensillar innervation feature on these small antennae. The results show that the six-segmented antennae of these nymphs have 20-23 sensilla which can be morphologically classified into seven types, for example, one Böhm's bristle (Bb), one campaniform sensillum (Ca), one Johnston's organ (Jo), 13-16 aporous sensilla trichodea (St), two coeloconic sensilla (Co), one straight multiporous peg (Mp1), and one curvy multiporous peg (Mp2)...
December 2016: Journal of Morphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640523/emotional-intelligence-and-non-social-cognition-in-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-i-disorder
#19
B Frajo-Apor, G Kemmler, S Pardeller, T Plass, M Mühlbacher, A-S Welte, W W Fleischhacker, A Hofer
BACKGROUND: The different patterns of Emotional Intelligence (EI) deficits in schizophrenia and bipolar I disorder are are not yet well understood. This study compares EI levels among these groups and highlights the potential impact of non-social cognition on EI. METHOD: Fifty-eight schizophrenia and 60 bipolar outpatients were investigated using the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT) and the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS)...
January 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528216/three-dimensional-dynamic-morphology-of-the-mitral-valve-in-different-forms-of-mitral-valve-prolapse-potential-implications-for-annuloplasty-ring-selection
#20
Astrid Apor, Anikó Ilona Nagy, Attila Kovács, Aristomenis Manouras, Péter Andrássy, Béla Merkely
BACKGROUND: Real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography has increased our understanding of the distinct pathomechanisms underlying functional, ischaemic or degenerative mitral regurgitation. However, potential differences in dynamic morphology between the subtypes of degenerative mitral prolapse have scarcely been investigated. METHODS: In order to compare the dynamic behavior of the different phenotypes of degenerative mitral valve prolapse, real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography recordings of 77 subjects, 27 with Barlow disease (BD), 32 with Fibroelastic deficiency (FED) and 18 normal controls (NC) were analysed...
August 15, 2016: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
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