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Zoltán Pozsonyi, Szabolcs Benedek, Pál Sármán, Lívia Jánoskuti, Tivadar Hüttl, Astrid Apor
Endomyocardial fibrosis (EMF) is the most common cardiac abnormality in hyeperosinophilic syndrome (HES), sometimes complicated with mitral valve disease. Mitral valve disease without ventricular manifestation is very rare, however. Case reports link HES to prosthetic valve thrombosis (PVT), but the optimal type of prosthetic valve in HES is not known. Herein is reported the case of a young female HES patient with secondary mitral valve degeneration and severe regurgitation. A mechanical prosthetic valve was implanted six months after she was diagnosed with HES, but despite anticoagulation and antiplatelet therapy she developed PVT three months later...
November 2016: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
Domonkos Pap, Erna Sziksz, Zoltán Kiss, Réka Rokonay, Apor Veres-Székely, Rita Lippai, István Márton Takács, Éva Kis, Andrea Fekete, György Reusz, Adam Vannay, Attila J Szabó
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Congenital obstructive nephropathy (CON) is the main cause of pediatric chronic kidney diseases leading to renal fibrosis. High morbidity and limited treatment opportunities of CON urge the better understanding of the underlying molecular mechanisms. METHODS: To identify the differentially expressed genes, microarray analysis was performed on the kidney samples of neonatal rats underwent unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO). Microarray results were then validated by real-time RT-PCR and bioinformatics analysis was carried out to identify the relevant genes, functional groups and pathways involved in the pathomechanism of CON...
February 28, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
Dvora Joseph Davey, William Kilembe, Kristin M Wall, Naw Htee Khu, Ilene Brill, Bellington Vwalika, Elwyn Chomba, Joseph Mulenga, Amanda Tichacek, Marjan Javanbakht, W Scott Comulada, Susan Allen, Pamina M Gorbach
In this paper we evaluate the effects of heavy alcohol consumption on sexual behavior, HIV acquisition, and antiretroviral treatment (ART) initiation in a longitudinal open cohort of 1929 serodiscordant couples in Lusaka, Zambia from 2002 to 2012. We evaluated factors associated with baseline heavy alcohol consumption and its association with condomless sex with the study partner, sex outside of the partnership, and ART initiation using multivariable logistic regression. We estimated the effect of alcohol consumption on HIV acquisition using multivariable Cox models...
February 27, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
Beatrice Frajo-Apor, Alex Hofer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: As one part of social cognition, emotional intelligence is a controversially discussed construct. Although well founded critique on the conceptualization of emotional intelligence has emerged over the last years, studies about emotional intelligence - especially the ability-based approach by Mayer and Salovey - can persistently be found in schizophrenia research. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies published between October 2015 and October 2016 were included in this review...
February 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Hilary K Brown, Neesha Hussain-Shamsy, Yona Lunsky, Cindy-Lee E Dennis, Simone N Vigod
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the relationship between antenatal selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) exposure and child autism, with specific attention to maternal mental illness (MMI) as a potential confounding factor. DATA SOURCES: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, and CINAHL from database inception to January 28, 2016. STUDY SELECTION: Keywords included terms for SSRIs, pregnancy, and autism...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Megan L Casey, Jacek M Mazurek
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to estimate the national prevalence of respirator use among farm operators with farm work-related asthma and factors associated with respirator use. METHODS: The authors examined the 2011 Farm and Ranch Safety Survey, a national survey collected from 11,210 actively farming farm operators in the United States. Adjusted prevalence ratios (aPORs) of respirator use were calculated by demographic characteristics, farm characteristics, asthma characteristics and selected exposures and hazards...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
Cláudia Márcia Marily Ferreira, José Luiz Massao Moreira Sugai, Franco Leandro DE Souza, Sheila Pereira DE Andrade, Wilian Vaz-Silva, Rogério Pereira Bastos, Alessandro Ribeiro DE Morais
Proceratophrys dibernardoi Brandão, Caramaschi, Vaz-Silva & Campos 2013 has recently been described and allocated into the P. cristiceps species group, but no information about its advertisement calls has been provided (Brandão et al. 2013). Here, we describe for the first time the advertisement calls of P. dibernardoi based on specimens from Central Brazil. We also expand P. dibernardoi´s geographic distribution by reporting a new population in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, constituting the westernmost record for this species, and extending its known range approximately 330 km westward of the municipality of Aporé, State of Goiás (P...
December 9, 2016: Zootaxa
Silvia Pardeller, Beatrice Frajo-Apor, Georg Kemmler, Alex Hofer
In order to expand on previous research, this cross-sectional study investigated the relationship between Emotional Intelligence (EI) and cognitive abilities in healthy adults with a special focus on potential sex differences. EI was assessed by means of the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso-Emotional-Intelligence Test (MSCEIT), whereas cognitive abilities were investigated using the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS), which measures key aspects of cognitive functioning, i.e. verbal memory, working memory, motor speed, verbal fluency, attention and processing speed, and reasoning and problem solving...
November 17, 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
S Yang, H Liu, J T Zhang, J Liu, H Zheng, Y Ren
Monema flavescens Walker (Lepidoptera: Limacodidae) is a serious polyphagous defoliator. Using scanning electron microscopy, the external morphology of the antennal sensilla of this pest was examined for a better understanding of the mechanisms of insect-insect and insect-plant chemical communications. The antennae of M. flavescens were filiform in shape, and 11 morphological types of sensilla were found in both sexes. Six types of likely chemosensory sensilla were identified: uniporous sensilla chaetica, multiporous sensilla trichodea, and four types of multiporous sensilla basiconica...
October 25, 2016: Neotropical Entomology
Malorie Simons, Emmanuel Apor, James N Butera, Diana O Treaba
TAFRO syndrome is a rare constellation of symptoms: thrombocytopenia, anasarca, reticulin fibrosis of the bone marrow, renal dysfunction, and organomegaly. Its pathogenesis involves an excessive and inappropriate cytokine storm, most notably from IL-6, causing multiorgan failure; however, its etiology is undetermined. Starting in 2012, TAFRO syndrome was first identified in Japan as an atypical variant of Castleman's disease. Previous reports include various different treatment protocols with inconsistent survival outcomes...
2016: Case Reports in Hematology
Emanuele Ranieri, Sara Ruschioni, Paola Riolo, Nunzio Isidoro, Roberto Romani
The meadow spittlebug, Philaenus spumarius (L.) (Hemiptera: Cercopoidea: Aphrophoridae), is a polyphagous species that transmits Xylella fastidiosa, a bacterium associated with "Olive Quick Decline Syndrome" in Southern Italy. In this study, the morphology and the ultrastructure of the antennal sensilla of P. spumarius were investigated. The antennae consist of three segments: a basal scape, a pedicel and a flagellum composed of a basal enlargement (ampulla) and a long segment (filament). The pedicel bears a single campaniform sensillum while the ampulla houses twelve coeloconic sensilla and three large basiconic sensilla...
September 2016: Arthropod Structure & Development
Xu Wang, Yingping Xie, Yanfeng Zhang, Weimin Liu
Porphyrophora (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha: Margarodidae) is a genus of soil-inhabiting scale insects. The antennal sensilla and their innervation in the first-instar nymphs of Porphyrophora sophorae were studied using light microscopy and scanning and transmission electron microscopy to understand the function of these sensilla and determine the sensillar innervation feature on these small antennae. The results show that the six-segmented antennae of these nymphs have 20-23 sensilla which can be morphologically classified into seven types, for example, one Böhm's bristle (Bb), one campaniform sensillum (Ca), one Johnston's organ (Jo), 13-16 aporous sensilla trichodea (St), two coeloconic sensilla (Co), one straight multiporous peg (Mp1), and one curvy multiporous peg (Mp2)...
December 2016: Journal of Morphology
B Frajo-Apor, G Kemmler, S Pardeller, T Plass, M Mühlbacher, A-S Welte, W W Fleischhacker, A Hofer
BACKGROUND: The different patterns of Emotional Intelligence (EI) deficits in schizophrenia and bipolar I disorder are are not yet well understood. This study compares EI levels among these groups and highlights the potential impact of non-social cognition on EI. METHOD: Fifty-eight schizophrenia and 60 bipolar outpatients were investigated using the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT) and the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS)...
January 2017: Psychological Medicine
Astrid Apor, Anikó Ilona Nagy, Attila Kovács, Aristomenis Manouras, Péter Andrássy, Béla Merkely
BACKGROUND: Real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography has increased our understanding of the distinct pathomechanisms underlying functional, ischaemic or degenerative mitral regurgitation. However, potential differences in dynamic morphology between the subtypes of degenerative mitral prolapse have scarcely been investigated. METHODS: In order to compare the dynamic behavior of the different phenotypes of degenerative mitral valve prolapse, real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography recordings of 77 subjects, 27 with Barlow disease (BD), 32 with Fibroelastic deficiency (FED) and 18 normal controls (NC) were analysed...
August 15, 2016: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
A M Corrêa, P E Teodoro, M C Gonçalves, A Santos, F E Torres
Recently, the genotype plus genotype x environment interaction (GGE) biplot methodology has been used to investigate genotype x environment interactions in several crop species, but has not been applied to the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) crop in Brazil. The aim of this study was to identify common bean genotypes that exhibit high grain yield and stability in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. We conducted 12 trials from 2000 to 2006 in the municipalities of Aquidauana and Dourados, and evaluated 13 genotypes in a randomized block design with three replications...
August 5, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
F Wartelsteiner, Y Mizuno, B Frajo-Apor, G Kemmler, S Pardeller, C Sondermann, A Welte, W W Fleischhacker, H Uchida, A Hofer
OBJECTIVE: Improving quality of life (QoL) is an important objective in the treatment of schizophrenia. The aim of the current study was to examine to what extent resilience, self-esteem, hopelessness, and psychopathology are correlated with QoL. METHOD: We recruited 52 out-patients diagnosed with schizophrenia according to DSM-IV criteria and 77 healthy control subjects from the general community. In patients, psychopathology was quantified by the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale...
October 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Attila Kovács, Andrea Ágnes Molnár, Csilla Celeng, Attila Tóth, Hajnalka Vágó, Astrid Apor, Ádám Domonkos Tárnoki, Dávid László Tárnoki, János Kósa, Péter Lakatos, Szilard Voros, György Jermendy, Béla Merkely, Pál Maurovich-Horvat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
Alexander H Fischer, Timothy S Wang, Gayane Yenokyan, Sewon Kang, Anna L Chien
BACKGROUND: Individuals with previous nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) are at increased risk for subsequent skin cancer, and should therefore limit ultraviolet exposure. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine whether individuals with previous NMSC engage in better sun protection than those with no skin cancer history. METHODS: We pooled self-reported data (2005 and 2010 National Health Interview Surveys) from US non-Hispanic white adults (758 with and 34,161 without previous NMSC)...
August 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Yuya Mizuno, Alex Hofer, Takefumi Suzuki, Beatrice Frajo-Apor, Fabienne Wartelsteiner, Georg Kemmler, Juri Saruta, Keiichi Tsukinoki, Masaru Mimura, W Wolfgang Fleischhacker, Hiroyuki Uchida
OBJECTIVE: The concept of resilience is relevant in understanding the heterogeneous outcomes noted in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. However, clinical and biological correlates of resilience in these populations have rarely been investigated. We aimed to identify key correlates of subjective resilience in such patients using comprehensive assessments and to explore associations between resilience levels and peripheral biomarkers. METHOD: 180 subjects with DSM-IV schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and healthy controls (60 per group) were included...
August 2016: Schizophrenia Research
A M Corrêa, P E Teodoro, M C Gonçalves, L M A Barroso, M Nascimento, A Santos, F E Torres
Artificial neural networks have been used for various purposes in plant breeding, including use in the investigation of genotype x environment interactions. The aim of this study was to use artificial neural networks in the selection of common bean genotypes with high phenotypic adaptability and stability, and to verify their consistency with the Eberhart and Russell method. Six trials were conducted using 13 genotypes of common bean between 2002 and 2006 in the municipalities of Aquidauana and Dourados. The experimental design was a randomized block with three replicates...
April 28, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
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