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Emanuele Ranieri, Sara Ruschioni, Paola Riolo, Nunzio Isidoro, Roberto Romani
The meadow spittlebug, Philaenus spumarius (L.) (Hemiptera: Cercopoidea: Aphrophoridae), is a polyphagous species that transmits Xylella fastidiosa, a bacterium associated with "Olive Quick Decline Syndrome" in Southern Italy. In this study, the morphology and the ultrastructure of the antennal sensilla of P. spumarius were investigated. The antennae consist of three segments: a basal scape, a pedicel and a flagellum composed of a basal enlargement (ampulla) and a long segment (filament). The pedicel bears a single campaniform sensillum while the ampulla houses twelve coeloconic sensilla and three large basiconic sensilla...
October 3, 2016: Arthropod Structure & Development
Xu Wang, Yingping Xie, Yanfeng Zhang, Weimin Liu
Porphyrophora (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha: Margarodidae) is a genus of soil-inhabiting scale insects. The antennal sensilla and their innervation in the first-instar nymphs of Porphyrophora sophorae were studied using light microscopy and scanning and transmission electron microscopy to understand the function of these sensilla and determine the sensillar innervation feature on these small antennae. The results show that the six-segmented antennae of these nymphs have 20-23 sensilla which can be morphologically classified into seven types, for example, one Böhm's bristle (Bb), one campaniform sensillum (Ca), one Johnston's organ (Jo), 13-16 aporous sensilla trichodea (St), two coeloconic sensilla (Co), one straight multiporous peg (Mp1), and one curvy multiporous peg (Mp2)...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Morphology
B Frajo-Apor, G Kemmler, S Pardeller, T Plass, M Mühlbacher, A-S Welte, W W Fleischhacker, A Hofer
BACKGROUND: The different patterns of Emotional Intelligence (EI) deficits in schizophrenia and bipolar I disorder are are not yet well understood. This study compares EI levels among these groups and highlights the potential impact of non-social cognition on EI. METHOD: Fifty-eight schizophrenia and 60 bipolar outpatients were investigated using the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT) and the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS)...
September 19, 2016: Psychological Medicine
Astrid Apor, Anikó Ilona Nagy, Attila Kovács, Aristomenis Manouras, Péter Andrássy, Béla Merkely
BACKGROUND: Real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography has increased our understanding of the distinct pathomechanisms underlying functional, ischaemic or degenerative mitral regurgitation. However, potential differences in dynamic morphology between the subtypes of degenerative mitral prolapse have scarcely been investigated. METHODS: In order to compare the dynamic behavior of the different phenotypes of degenerative mitral valve prolapse, real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography recordings of 77 subjects, 27 with Barlow disease (BD), 32 with Fibroelastic deficiency (FED) and 18 normal controls (NC) were analysed...
2016: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
A M Corrêa, P E Teodoro, M C Gonçalves, A Santos, F E Torres
Recently, the genotype plus genotype x environment interaction (GGE) biplot methodology has been used to investigate genotype x environment interactions in several crop species, but has not been applied to the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) crop in Brazil. The aim of this study was to identify common bean genotypes that exhibit high grain yield and stability in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. We conducted 12 trials from 2000 to 2006 in the municipalities of Aquidauana and Dourados, and evaluated 13 genotypes in a randomized block design with three replications...
2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
F Wartelsteiner, Y Mizuno, B Frajo-Apor, G Kemmler, S Pardeller, C Sondermann, A Welte, W W Fleischhacker, H Uchida, A Hofer
OBJECTIVE: Improving quality of life (QoL) is an important objective in the treatment of schizophrenia. The aim of the current study was to examine to what extent resilience, self-esteem, hopelessness, and psychopathology are correlated with QoL. METHOD: We recruited 52 out-patients diagnosed with schizophrenia according to DSM-IV criteria and 77 healthy control subjects from the general community. In patients, psychopathology was quantified by the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale...
October 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Attila Kovács, Andrea Ágnes Molnár, Csilla Celeng, Attila Tóth, Hajnalka Vágó, Astrid Apor, Ádám Domonkos Tárnoki, Dávid László Tárnoki, János Kósa, Péter Lakatos, Szilard Voros, György Jermendy, Béla Merkely, Pál Maurovich-Horvat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
Alexander H Fischer, Timothy S Wang, Gayane Yenokyan, Sewon Kang, Anna L Chien
BACKGROUND: Individuals with previous nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) are at increased risk for subsequent skin cancer, and should therefore limit ultraviolet exposure. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine whether individuals with previous NMSC engage in better sun protection than those with no skin cancer history. METHODS: We pooled self-reported data (2005 and 2010 National Health Interview Surveys) from US non-Hispanic white adults (758 with and 34,161 without previous NMSC)...
August 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Yuya Mizuno, Alex Hofer, Takefumi Suzuki, Beatrice Frajo-Apor, Fabienne Wartelsteiner, Georg Kemmler, Juri Saruta, Keiichi Tsukinoki, Masaru Mimura, W Wolfgang Fleischhacker, Hiroyuki Uchida
OBJECTIVE: The concept of resilience is relevant in understanding the heterogeneous outcomes noted in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. However, clinical and biological correlates of resilience in these populations have rarely been investigated. We aimed to identify key correlates of subjective resilience in such patients using comprehensive assessments and to explore associations between resilience levels and peripheral biomarkers. METHOD: 180 subjects with DSM-IV schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and healthy controls (60 per group) were included...
August 2016: Schizophrenia Research
A M Corrêa, P E Teodoro, M C Gonçalves, L M A Barroso, M Nascimento, A Santos, F E Torres
Artificial neural networks have been used for various purposes in plant breeding, including use in the investigation of genotype x environment interactions. The aim of this study was to use artificial neural networks in the selection of common bean genotypes with high phenotypic adaptability and stability, and to verify their consistency with the Eberhart and Russell method. Six trials were conducted using 13 genotypes of common bean between 2002 and 2006 in the municipalities of Aquidauana and Dourados. The experimental design was a randomized block with three replicates...
2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Yuya Mizuno, Fabienne Wartelsteiner, Beatrice Frajo-Apor
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The concept of resilience is expected to be relevant in understanding the heterogeneous outcomes associated with schizophrenia. We reviewed recent developments in clinical studies focusing on the biological and psychological aspects of resilience in this population. We aimed to clarify current concepts of resilience in the field, elucidate gaps in the literature, and provide recommendations for future research. RECENT FINDINGS: A total of 20 articles published between 2014 and 2015 were included...
May 2016: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Beatrice Frajo-Apor, Silvia Pardeller, Georg Kemmler, Anna-Sophia Welte, Alex Hofer
BACKGROUND: Previous studies using the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT) revealed significant performance deficits across all areas of Emotional Intelligence (EI) in schizophrenia patients compared to healthy controls. However, none of these studies has investigated a potential influence of non-social cognition on these findings. METHODS: 56 schizophrenia outpatients and 84 control subjects were investigated using the MSCEIT and the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS)...
April 2016: Schizophrenia Research
Yihua Zheng, Lixia Zheng, Yonglin Liao, Weijian Wu
Tetrastichus howardi (Olliff) (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), a pupal parasitoid of a great number of Lepidoptera pests, has a great potential for biological control. To investigate the olfactory system of this parasitoid, we examined the morphology and ultrastructure of the antennal sensilla of both male and female T. howardi using scanning and transmission electron microscopic techniques. Antennae of male and female T. howardi were geniculate in shape, which consisted of scape, pedicel and flagellum with 5 and 4 flagellomeres, respectively...
May 2016: Microscopy Research and Technique
Lauren E DiMiceli, Susan G Sherman, Apinun Aramrattana, Bangorn Sirirojn, David D Celentano
BACKGROUND: High levels of depressive symptoms often occur among individuals that use or that are dependent on methamphetamine (MA). Thailand is currently experiencing an epidemic of MA use among youth. Understanding the nature of the relationship between depressive symptoms and MA use and identifying those most at risk can further understanding of prevention and treatment options for youth who use MA and present with depressive symptoms. METHODS: In 2011, we conducted a cross sectional epidemiologic study that examined associations between MA use and high levels of depressive symptoms among adolescents and young adults aged 14-29 living in Chiang Mai province, Thailand...
2016: BMC Public Health
Clayton C Petro, Ajita S Prabhu, Lijia Liu, Arnab Majumder, James M Anderson, Michael J Rosen
BACKGROUND: Bioprosthetics derived from human or porcine dermis and intestinal submucosa have dense, homogenous, aporous collagen structures that potentially limit cellular penetration, undermining the theoretical benefit of a "natural" collagen scaffold. We hypothesized that Miromesh-a novel prosthetic derived from porcine liver by perfusion decellularization-provides a more optimal matrix for tissue ingrowth. METHODS: Thirty rats underwent survival surgery that constituted the creation of a 4 × 1 cm abdominal defect and simultaneous bridged repair...
March 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
Xu Wang, Yingping Xie, Yanfeng Zhang, Weimin Liu, Jun Wu
To better understand the functioning and morphogenic changes of the antennae of Matsucoccus matsumurae (Kuwana) in different instars, the antennae are examined using light microscopy, scanning and transmission electron microscopy. The results show that the antennae of M. matsumurae display three different styles in morphology and sensillar distribution in different instars. The antennae of first instar nymphs are relatively simple, including one campaniform sensillum (Ca), four smooth aporous trichoid sensilla (SAt), two intersegmental sensilla (Ins), two coeloconic sensilla (Co), three multiporous pegs (Mp) and four uniporous pegs (Up)...
May 2016: Arthropod Structure & Development
Lilla Lenart, Judit Hodrea, Adam Hosszu, Sandor Koszegi, Dora Zelena, Dora Balogh, Edgar Szkibinszkij, Apor Veres-Szekely, Laszlo Wagner, Adam Vannay, Attila J Szabo, Andrea Fekete
RATIONALE: Depression is highly prevalent in diabetes (DM). Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) which is mainly regulated by the endoplasmic reticulum chaperon sigma-1 receptor (S1R) plays a relevant role in the development of depression. OBJECTIVES: We studied the dose-dependent efficacy of S1R agonist fluvoxamine (FLU) in the prevention of DM-induced depression and investigated the significance of the S1R-BDNF pathway. METHODS: We used streptozotocin to induce DM in adult male rats that were treated for 2 weeks p...
April 2016: Psychopharmacology
Alex Hofer, Yuya Mizuno, Beatrice Frajo-Apor, Georg Kemmler, Takefumi Suzuki, Silvia Pardeller, Anna-Sophia Welte, Catherine Sondermann, Masaru Mimura, Fabienne Wartelsteiner, W Wolfgang Fleischhacker, Hiroyuki Uchida
Resilience is becoming an important topic in people with schizophrenia since there is evidence that it increases the probability for long-term recovery. The current study investigated transcultural differences in resilience across schizophrenia patients from two different geographical regions, Austria and Japan. Another objective was to examine transcultural differences in internalized stigma, self-esteem, and hopelessness, which can be expected to be relevant in this context, as well as the interrelations between these subjective elements of recovery and symptom severity...
March 2016: Schizophrenia Research
Vivien Klaudia Nagy, Gábor Széplaki, Astrid Apor, Valentina Kutyifa, Attila Kovács, Annamária Kosztin, Dávid Becker, András Mihály Boros, László Gellér, Béla Merkely
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction has been associated with poor prognosis in chronic heart failure (HF). However, less data is available about the role of RV dysfunction in patients with cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). We aimed to investigate if RV dysfunction would predict outcome in CRT. DESIGN: We enrolled prospectively ninety-three consecutive HF patients in this single center observational study. All patients underwent clinical evaluation and echocardiography before CRT and 6 months after implantation...
2015: PloS One
Beatrice Frajo-Apor, Silvia Pardeller, Georg Kemmler, Alex Hofer
Emotional Intelligence (EI) and resilience may be considered as prerequisites for mental health professionals caring for patients with serious mental illness (SMI), since they are often exposed to severe emotional stress during daily work. Accordingly, this cross-sectional study assessed both EI and resilience and their interrelationship in 61 individuals belonging to an assertive outreach team for patients suffering from SMI compared 61 control subjects without healthcare-related working conditions. EI was assessed by means of the German version of the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso-Emotional-Intelligence Test (MSCEIT), resilience was assessed using the German version of the Resilience Scale...
September 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
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