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Food instability

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903522/dietary-patterns-explaining-differences-in-bone-mineral-density-and-hip-structure-in-the-elderly-the-rotterdam-study
#1
Ester Al de Jonge, Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong, Albert Hofman, André G Uitterlinden, Brenda Ct Kieboom, Trudy Voortman, Oscar H Franco, Fernando Rivadeneira
BACKGROUND: Evidence on the association between dietary patterns, measures of hip bone geometry, and subsequent fracture risk are scarce. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate whether dietary patterns that explain most variation in bone mineral density (BMD) and hip bone geometry are associated with fracture risk. DESIGN: We included 4028 subjects aged ≥55 y from the Rotterdam study. Intake of 28 food groups was assessed with the use of food-frequency questionnaires...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891427/anaesthetic-management-of-a-case-of-down-s-syndrome-with-achalasia-cardia
#2
Neeta Santha, Madhusudan Upadya, Sravanthi Vishwanatham
Achalasia cardia is a disorder of the gastrointestinal tract characterized by dilatation of the oesophagus and collection of food and fluids in the oesophagus leading to massive regurgitation and aspiration of gastric contents. Down's syndrome has multisystem effects which can also present as difficult airway. Here, we present a case of a 14-year-old girl, a case of Down's syndrome with Achalasia cardia and mitral valve prolapse posted for Heller's cardiomyotomy. Anaesthetic concerns were difficult airway due to Downs's syndrome, massive aspiration risks of Achalasia cardia and haemodynamic instability due to mitral regurgitation...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859163/the-adaptation-of-generalist-predators-diet-in-a-multi-prey-context-insights-from-new-functional-responses
#3
Virgile Baudrot, Antoine Perasso, Clémentine Fritsch, Patrick Giraudoux, Francis Raoul
The ability for a generalist consumer to adapt its foraging strategy (the multi-species functional response, MSFR) is a milestone in ecology as it contributes to the structure of food webs. The trophic interaction between a generalist predator, as the red fox or the barn owl, and its prey community, mainly composed of small mammals, has been empirically and theoretically widely studied. However, the extent to which these predators adapt their diet according to both multi-annual changes in multiple prey species availability (frequency dependence) and the variation of the total prey density (density dependence) is unexplored...
July 2016: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846730/impact-of-food-housing-and-transportation-insecurity-on-art-adherence-a-hierarchical-resources-approach
#4
Talea Cornelius, Maranda Jones, Cynthia Merly, Brandi Welles, Moira O Kalichman, Seth C Kalichman
Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has transformed HIV into a manageable illness. However, high levels of adherence must be maintained. Lack of access to basic resources (food, transportation, and housing) has been consistently associated with suboptimal ART adherence. Moving beyond such direct effects, this study takes a hierarchical resources approach in which the effects of access to basic resources on ART adherence are mediated through interpersonal resources (social support and care services) and personal resources (self-efficacy)...
November 15, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824747/social-contributors-to-glycemic-control-in-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#5
Laura C Colicchia, Kristiina Parviainen, Judy C Chang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of social factors with glycemic control in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: A survey instrument assessing social support, access to healthy food, cooking and meal preparation, chaotic lifestyle, employer support, and physical and emotional responses to food was developed and administered to women with GDM at maternal-fetal medicine office visits. Validated scales were used to measure social support and life chaos (defined as organization, instability, and the ability to plan and prepare for the future)...
December 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714028/robust-scalable-high-throughput-production-of-monodisperse-drops
#6
E Amstad, M Chemama, M Eggersdorfer, L R Arriaga, M P Brenner, D A Weitz
Monodisperse drops with diameters between 20 μm and 200 μm can be used to produce particles or capsules for many applications such as for cosmetics, food, and biotechnology. Drops composed of low viscosity fluids can be conveniently made using microfluidic devices. However, the throughput of microfluidic devices is limited and scale-up, achieved by increasing the number of devices run in parallel, can compromise the narrow drop-size distribution. In this paper, we present a microfluidic device, the millipede device, which forms drops through a static instability such that the fluid volume that is pinched off is the same every time a drop forms...
October 18, 2016: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647503/fatty-acids-characterization-oxidative-perspectives-and-consumer-acceptability-of-oil-extracted-from-pre-treated-chia-salvia-hispanica-l-seeds
#7
Muhammad Imran, Muhammad Nadeem, Muhammad Faisal Manzoor, Amna Javed, Zafar Ali, Muhammad Nadeem Akhtar, Muhammad Ali, Yasir Hussain
BACKGROUND: Chia (Salvia hispanica L.) seeds have been described as a good source of lipids, protein, dietary fiber, polyphenolic compounds and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. The consumption of chia seed oil helps to improve biological markers related to metabolic syndrome diseases. The oil yield and fatty acids composition of chia oil is affected by several factors such as pre-treatment method and size reduction practices. Therefore, the main mandate of present investigate was to study the effect of different seed pre-treatments on yield, fatty acids composition and sensory acceptability of chia oil at different storage intervals and conditions...
2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634586/long-term-stability-of-dexamethasone-and-alizapride-or-ondansetron-in-sodium-chloride-0-9-polyolefin-bag-at-5%C3%A2-3%C3%A2-c
#8
J Simar, M Godet, J-D Hecq, M Closset, P Gillet, C Langhendries, B Bihin, J Jamart, L Galanti
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to investigate the long-term stability of dexamethasone 10mg associated with alizapride 100mg or ondansetron 8mg in 100mL of 0.9% sodium chloride solution stored at 5±3°C. METHOD: Solutions of 0.9% sodium chloride 100mL in polyolefin bags (n=5) containing approximately dexamethasone (DEX) 10mg associated with alizapride (ALI) 100mg or ondansetron (OND) 8mg were prepared under aseptic conditions and stored about 30 days at 5±3°C...
September 12, 2016: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598149/phyllanthus-emblica-fruit-extract-activates-spindle-assembly-checkpoint-prevents-mitotic-aberrations-and-genomic-instability-in-human-colon-epithelial-ncm460-cells
#9
Xihan Guo, Xu Wang
The fruit of Phyllanthus emblica Linn. (PE) has been widely consumed as a functional food and folk medicine in Southeast Asia due to its remarkable nutritional and pharmacological effects. Previous research showed PE delays mitotic progress and increases genomic instability (GIN) in human colorectal cancer cells. This study aimed to investigate the similar effects of PE by the biomarkers related to spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC), mitotic aberrations and GIN in human NCM460 normal colon epithelial cells. Cells were treated with PE and harvested differently according to the biomarkers observed...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592611/solid-phase-extraction-of-betanin-and-isobetanin-from-beetroot-extracts-using-a-dipicolinic-acid-molecularly-imprinted-polymer
#10
Sofia Nestora, Franck Merlier, Elise Prost, Karsten Haupt, Claire Rossi, Bernadette Tse Sum Bui
Betanin is a natural pigment with significant antioxidant and biological activities currently used as food colorant. The isolation of betanin is problematic due to its instability. In this work, we developed a fast and economic procedure based on molecularly imprinted solid-phase extraction (MISPE) for the selective clean-up of betanin and its stereoisomer isobetanin from beetroot extracts. Dipicolinic acid was used as template for the MIP preparation because of its structural similarity with the chromophore group of betanin...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27550019/do-marginalized-neighbourhoods-have-less-healthy-retail-food-environments-an-analysis-using-bayesian-spatial-latent-factor-and-hurdle-models
#11
Hui Luan, Leia M Minaker, Jane Law
BACKGROUND: Findings of whether marginalized neighbourhoods have less healthy retail food environments (RFE) are mixed across countries, in part because inconsistent approaches have been used to characterize RFE 'healthfulness' and marginalization, and researchers have used non-spatial statistical methods to respond to this ultimately spatial issue. METHODS: This study uses in-store features to categorize healthy and less healthy food outlets. Bayesian spatial hierarchical models are applied to explore the association between marginalization dimensions and RFE healthfulness (i...
2016: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27533260/influence-of-fluid-dynamics-on-anaerobic-digestion-of-food-waste-for-biogas-production
#12
Fengping Wang, Cunsheng Zhang, Shuhao Huo
To enhance the stability and efficiency of an anaerobic process, the influences of fluid dynamics on the performance of anaerobic digestion and sludge granulation were investigated using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). Four different propeller speeds (20, 60, 100, 140 r/min) were adopted for anaerobic digestion of food waste in a 30 L continuously stirred tank reactor (CSTR). Experimental results indicated that the methane yield increased with increasing the propeller speed within the experimental range...
August 17, 2016: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532509/control-of-particle-morphology-in-the-spray-drying-of-colloidal-suspensions
#13
E Lintingre, F Lequeux, L Talini, N Tsapis
Powders of nanoparticles are volatile, i.e. easily disperse in air, which makes their handling difficult. Granulation of nanoparticle powders provides a solution to that issue, and it is generally performed by spray drying the nanoparticles that have been suspended in a liquid. Spray drying of a colloidal suspension consists of atomising the suspension into droplets by a fast flowing and hot gas. Once the droplets dried, the resulting dry grains/microparticles can be used in a wide range of applications - food, pharmaceutics, fillers, ceramics, etc...
September 28, 2016: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27518454/improving-solubility-stability-and-cellular-uptake-of-resveratrol-by-nanoencapsulation-with-chitosan-and-%C3%AE-poly-glutamic-acid
#14
Young Ok Jeon, Ji-Soo Lee, Hyeon Gyu Lee
Resveratrol (RES), a polyphenolic compound found in grape skins, is a potent antioxidant with broad health benefits. However, its utilization in food has been limited by its poor water solubility, instability, and low bioavailability. The purpose of this study is to improve the solubility, stability, and cellular uptake of RES by nanoencapsulation using chitosan (CS) and γ-poly (glutamic acid) (γ-PGA). The size of nanoparticles significantly decreases with a decrease in the CS/γ-PGA ratio (p<0.05). The nanoparticle size with CS/γ-PGA ratio of 5 was 100-150nm...
November 1, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27503148/3d-printing-variable-stiffness-foams-using-viscous-thread-instability
#15
Jeffrey I Lipton, Hod Lipson
Additive manufacturing of cellular structures has numerous applications ranging from fabrication of biological scaffolds and medical implants, to mechanical weight reduction and control over mechanical properties. Various additive manufacturing processes have been used to produce open regular cellular structures limited only by the resolution of the printer. These efforts have focused on printing explicitly designed cells or explicitly planning offsets between strands. Here we describe a technique for producing cellular structures implicitly by inducing viscous thread instability when extruding material...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471732/use-of-moringa-oleifera-flower-pod-extract-as-natural-preservative-and-development-of-scar-marker-for-its-dna-based-identification
#16
Iram Gull, Attia Javed, Muhammad Shahbaz Aslam, Roohi Mushtaq, Muhammad Amin Athar
The use of Moringa oleifera as natural food preservative has been evaluated in the present study. In addition, for quality assurance, the study has also been focused on the shelf life of product to authenticate the identification of plant by development of DNA based marker. Among the different extracts prepared from flower pods of Moringa oleifera, methanol and aqueous extract exhibited high antibacterial and antioxidant activity, respectively. The high phenolic contents (53.5 ± 0.169 mg GAE/g) and flavonoid contents (10...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468817/enzymes-an-existing-and-promising-tool-of-food-processing-industry
#17
Lalitagauri Ray, Sunita Pramanik, Debabrata Bera
BACKGROUND: The enzyme catalyzed process technology has enormous potential in the food sectors as indicated by the recent studies. It is very well realized that the adaptation of the enzyme catalyzed process depends on the availability of enzyme in affordable prices. OBJECTIVE: Enzymes may be used in different food sectors like dairy, fruits & vegetable processing, meat tenderization, fish processing, brewery and wine making, starch processing and many other...
July 27, 2016: Recent Patents on Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27430236/neuroprotective-effects-of-germinated-brown-rice-in-rotenone-induced-parkinson-s-like-disease-rats
#18
Supin Chompoopong, Sunit Jarungjitaree, Tideeporn Punbanlaem, Thanaporn Rungruang, Sukumal Chongthammakun, Aikkarach Kettawan, Thongchai Taechowisan
The effects of germinated brown rice (GBR) on the motor deficits and the dopaminergic (DA) cell death were investigated in Parkinson's-like disease (PD) rats. Reactive oxidative species generated by chronic subcutaneous injection of rotenone (RT) lead to neuronal apoptosis particularly in the nigrostriatal DA system and produce many features of PD, bradykinesis, postural instability and rigidity. In this study, 4-phenylbutyric acid (4-PBA), previously reported to inhibit RT-induced DA cell death, was used as the positive control...
September 2016: Neuromolecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405690/disentangling-adaptive-evolutionary-radiations-and-the-role-of-diet-in-promoting-diversification-on-islands
#19
Daniel DeMiguel
Although the initial formulation of modern concepts of adaptive radiation arose from consideration of the fossil data, rigorous attempts to identify this phenomenon in the fossil record are largely uncommon. Here I focus on direct evidence of the diet (through tooth-wear patterns) and ecologically-relevant traits of one of the most renowned fossil vertebrates-the Miocene ruminant Hoplitomeryx from the island of Gargano-to deepen our understanding of the most likely causal forces under which adaptive radiations emerge on islands...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27389382/pathology-image-of-the-month-rapidly-progressive-hemorrhagic-cellulitis-of-bilateral-lower-extremities-with-subsequent-septic-shock-and-death
#20
Ellen E Connor, Nicole R Jackson, Robin R McGoey
A 51-year-old man presented to a community based emergency department with bilateral lower extremity swelling that began four days prior and that had evolved into recent blister formation on the left lower extremity. Medical history was significant only for hypertension and a recent self-described episode of "food poisoning" five days earlier characterized by diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting that quickly resolved. Physical exam revealed marked bilateral lower extremity edema and an ecchymotic rash below the knee...
May 2016: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
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