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Bilingual children and language development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447820/how-does-a-bilingual-environment-affect-the-results-in-children-with-cochlear-implants-compared-to-monolingual-matched-children-an-italian-follow-up-study
#1
Francesca Forli, Giada Giuntini, Annalisa Ciabotti, Luca Bruschini, Ulrika Löfkvist, Stefano Berrettini
OBJECTIVES: To compare the results after cochlear implantation achieved by monolingual and bilingual deaf children implanted at our Institution, with the aim of understanding if there are any differences between the two groups and if there is a correlation between the outcomes and some patients' variables. METHODS: The study group was composed by 14 bilingual deaf children and the control group by the same number of monolingual children implanted at our Institution...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426787/direct-object-pronoun-sentence-processing-in-spanish-english-children-with-without-specific-language-impairment-and-adults-a-cross-modal-priming-study
#2
Dolors Girbau
PURPOSE: This paper examines whether bilingual children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) showed limited comprehension of Direct Object (DO) pronoun sentences and/or morphosyntactic priming compared to children with Typical Language Development (TLD) and adults. We analyzed the relation of these morphosyntactic processes to other psycholinguistic abilities, according to the MUC (Memory-Unification-Control) model. METHOD: Ten bilingual native Spanish-speaking children with SLI (8;3-10;6) and 10 age-matched children with TLD (7;6-10;10) received a psycholinguistic evaluation in Spanish-English...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415675/teaching-children-road-safety-through-storybooks-an-approach-to-child-health-literacy-in-pakistan
#3
Haris Ahmad, Rubaba Naeem, Asher Feroze, Nukhba Zia, Amarah Shakoor, Uzma Rahim Khan, Asad Iqbal Mian
BACKGROUND: Road traffic injuries (RTIs) commonly affect the younger population in low- and-middle-income countries. School children may be educated about road safety using storybooks with colorful pictures, which tends to increase the child's interest in the text. Therefore, this study assessed the use of bilingual pictorial storybooks to improve RTI prevention knowledge among school children. METHODS: This pretest-posttest study was conducted in eight public and nine private schools of Karachi, Pakistan, between February to May 2015...
February 7, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398881/the-complexity-of-the-spanish-subjunctive-in-bilingual-children-with-sli
#4
Anny P Castilla-Earls, Ana Teresa Perez-Leroux, María Adelaida Restrepo, Daniel Gaile, Ziqiang Chen
This study investigated the use of the Spanish subjunctive in bilingual children with and without specific language impairments (SLI). Using an elicited production task, we examined: (1) the potential of the subjunctive as a grammatical marker of SLI in Spanish-English bilingual children, (2) the extent to which degree of bilingualism affects performance, and (3) the specific patterns of errors across groups. The participants in this study were 16 children with SLI and 16 typically developing children (TD) matched on age, English language proficiency, and mother's education level...
2018: Language Acquisition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351038/early-reading-abilities-of-bilingual-children-with-nonsyndromic-orofacial-clefts
#5
Michelle Heng Yue Cheong, Selena Ee-Li Young, Dawn Patricia Chuan Yu Young, Mary Lay Choo Lee, Susan Jane Rickard Liow
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the early reading abilities, and related cognitive-linguistic processes, in bilingual children with nonsyndromic cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P), and to identify deficits that might be amenable to intervention. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: Bilingual participants with CL/P aged 5 to 6 years who were English-dominant ( n=17) or Mandarin-dominant ( n=18) were recruited using consecutive sampling from a national cleft treatment center and matched pairwise to a sample of typically developing (TD) children on language dominance, age, and socioeconomic status...
February 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327801/tense-and-plural-formation-in-welsh-english-bilingual-children-with-and-without-language-impairment
#6
Vasiliki Chondrogianni, Nerys John
BACKGROUND: Grammatical morphology has been shown to be problematic for children with specific language impairment (SLI) or developmental language disorder (DLD). Most research on this topic comes from widely spoken languages, such as English. Despite Welsh being the most extensively spoken indigenous in the UK after English, and Wales being the only official bilingual country in the UK, our knowledge about the morphosyntactic areas of Welsh that may pose problems for Welsh-speaking children with SLI is limited...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283595/language-specificity-in-the-relation-of-maternal-education-to-bilingual-children-s-vocabulary-growth
#7
Erika Hoff, Andrea Burridge, Krystal M Ribot, David Giguere
The robust relation between maternal education and child language that is observed in monolingual populations has not been reliably replicated among bilingual children from immigrant families in the United States. We hypothesized that a variable that operates in immigrant populations-the language in which mothers achieved their highest level of education, is relevant to the benefits of maternal education to children's language growth. The participants were 92 U.S.-born bilingually developing children (47 boys, 45 girls) with native Spanish-speaking immigrant mothers...
December 28, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280503/once-a-french-speaker-always-a-french-speaker-bilingual-children-s-thinking-about-the-stability-of-language
#8
Jocelyn B Dautel, Katherine D Kinzler
Despite early emerging and impressive linguistic abilities, young children demonstrate ostensibly puzzling beliefs about the nature of language. In some circumstances monolingual children even express the belief that an individual's language is more stable than her race. The present research investigated bilingual children's thinking about the relative stability of language and race (Kinzler & Dautel, 2012). Five-to six-year-old bilingual children were asked to judge whether a target child who varied in race (White or Black) and language (English or French) would grow up to be an adult who maintained the target child's race or her language...
December 27, 2017: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248615/exploring-the-neural-correlates-of-lexical-stress-perception-in-english-among-chinese-english-bilingual-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-an-erp-study
#9
Juan Zhang, Yaxuan Meng, Xiuhong Tong, Zhen Yuan, Chenggang Wu
Previous studies found that individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) were less sensitive to the variations of lexical stress in their native language. However, no study has been conducted to explore the perception of lexical stress in the second language among individuals with ASD. Using ERP (event-related potential) measurement with an oddball paradigm, the current study examined and compared the neural responses by Chinese-English bilingual children with ASD and typically developing controls in the processing of English lexical stress...
December 14, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237275/an-exploratory-longitudinal-study-of-social-and-language-outcomes-in-children-with-autism-in-bilingual-home-environments
#10
Vanessa Zhou, Jeffrey A Munson, Jessica Greenson, Yan Hou, Sally Rogers, Annette M Estes
Little is known about outcomes of early intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder reared in bilingual homes. There are concerns that social communication deficits among children with autism spectrum disorder may reduce the developmental benefits of early intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder raised in bilingual environments. We conducted an exploratory analysis of cross-sectional and longitudinal data from a larger study to explore associations between home language environment and language ability and social skills in response to early autism spectrum disorder intervention...
December 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170647/writing-system-modulates-the-association-between-sensitivity-to-acoustic-cues-in-music-and-reading-ability-evidence-from-chinese-english-bilingual-children
#11
Juan Zhang, Yaxuan Meng, Chenggang Wu, Danny Q Zhou
Music and language share many attributes and a large body of evidence shows that sensitivity to acoustic cues in music is positively related to language development and even subsequent reading acquisition. However, such association was mainly found in alphabetic languages. What remains unclear is whether sensitivity to acoustic cues in music is associated with reading in Chinese, a morphosyllabic language. The present study aimed to answer this question by measuring music (i.e., musical metric perception and pitch discrimination), language (i...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151803/cognitive-consequences-of-trilingualism
#12
Scott R Schroeder, Viorica Marian
Aims and Objectives: The objectives of the present research were to examine the cognitive consequences of trilingualism and explain them relative to the cognitive consequences of bilingualism. Approach: A comparison of cognitive abilities in trilinguals and bilinguals was conducted. In addition, we proposed a cognitive plasticity framework to account for cognitive differences and similarities between trilinguals and bilinguals. Data and Analysis: Three aspects of cognition were analyzed: (1) cognitive reserve in older adults, as measured by age of onset of Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment; (2) inhibitory control in children and younger adults, as measured by response times on behavioral Simon and flanker tasks; and (3) memory generalization in infants and toddlers, as measured by accuracy on behavioral deferred imitation tasks...
2017: International Journal of Bilingualism: Cross-disciplinary, Cross-linguistic Studies of Language Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125950/the-influence-of-language-behavior-in-social-preferences-and-selective-trust-of-monolingual-and-bilingual-children
#13
W Quin Yow, Xiaoqian Li
Experiences living in a community where people share more than one language may affect children's strategies to selective learning. Language mixing may be one type of speakers' characteristics that bilingual children, but not monolingual children, use to evaluate speakers. A total of 120 English-speaking monolingual (n = 40) and English-Mandarin bilingual (n = 80) 4- and 5-year-olds heard a pair of speakers each tell a story either with or without language mixing and indicated their preferences for either speaker in friendship, explicit judgment, and novel label endorsement...
February 2018: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125089/the-development-of-determiners-in-the-context-of-french-english-bilingualism-a-study-of-cross-linguistic-influence
#14
Coralie Hervé, Ludovica Serratrice
This paper reports the preliminary results of a study examining the role of structural overlap, language exposure, and language use on cross-linguistic influence (CLI) in bilingual first language acquisition. We focus on the longitudinal development of determiners in a corpus of two French-English children between the ages of 2;4 and 3;7. The results display bi-directional CLI in the rate of development, i.e., accelerated development in English and a minor delay in French. Unidirectional CLI from English to French was instead observed in the significantly higher rate of ungrammatical determiner omissions in plural and generic contexts than in singular specific contexts in French...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121152/diagnostic-accuracy-of-traditional-measures-of-phonological-ability-for-bilingual-preschoolers-and-kindergarteners
#15
Leah Fabiano-Smith, Katherine Hoffman
Purpose: Bilingual children whose phonological skills are evaluated using measures designed for monolingual English speakers are at risk for misdiagnosis of speech sound disorders (De Lamo White & Jin, 2011). Method: Forty-four children participated in this study: 15 typically developing monolingual English speakers, 7 monolingual English speakers with phonological disorders, 14 typically developing bilingual Spanish-English speakers, and 8 bilingual children with phonological disorders...
November 9, 2017: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040624/altering-practices-to-include-bimodal-bilingual-asl-spoken-english-programming-at-a-small-school-for-the-deaf-in-canada
#16
Karen Priestley, Charlotte Enns, Shauna Arbuckle
Bimodal-bilingual programs are emerging as one way to meet broader needs and provide expanded language, educational and social-emotional opportunities for students who are deaf and hard of hearing (Marschark, M., Tang, G. & Knoors, H. (Eds). (2014). Bilingualism and bilingual Deaf education. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; Paludneviciene & Harris, R. (2011). Impact of cochlear implants on the deaf community. In Paludneviciene, R. & Leigh, I. (Eds.), Cochlear implants evolving perspectives (pp. 3-19)...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985888/speech-sound-disorders-or-differences-insights-from-bilingual-children-speaking-two-chinese-languages
#17
Kitty K Y Lam, Carol K S To
The study investigated how Putonghua-Cantonese bilingual children differ from monolinguals in their acquisition of speech sound and phonological patterns. Fifty-four typically developing Putonghua-Cantonese bilingual children aged 3;6-6;0 were recruited from nurseries in the North District of Hong Kong. The Hong Kong Cantonese Articulation Test (Cheung et al., 2006) and a Putonghua picture-naming task (Zhu & Dodd, 2000) were used to elicit single-word samples of both languages. Acquisition of speech sound and phonological patterns exhibited by ≥20% of the children in an age group were compared to the normative data on children who were Cantonese native or Putonghua monolingual speakers...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937305/core-vocabulary-in-the-narratives-of-bilingual-children-with-and-without-language-impairment
#18
Prarthana Shivabasappa, Elizabeth D Peña, Lisa M Bedore
PURPOSE: Children with primary language impairment (PLI) demonstrate deficits in morphosyntax and vocabulary. We studied how these deficits may manifest in the core vocabulary use of bilingual children with PLI. METHOD: Thirty bilingual children with and without PLI who were matched pairwise (experimental group) narrated two Spanish and two English stories in kindergarten and first grade. Core vocabulary was derived from the 30 most frequently used words in the stories of 65 and 37 typically developing (TD) first graders (normative group) for Spanish and English, respectively...
September 22, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928681/how-does-l1-and-l2-exposure-impact-l1-performance-in-bilingual-children-evidence-from-polish-english-migrants-to-the-united-kingdom
#19
Ewa Haman, Zofia Wodniecka, Marta Marecka, Jakub Szewczyk, Marta Białecka-Pikul, Agnieszka Otwinowska, Karolina Mieszkowska, Magdalena Łuniewska, Joanna Kołak, Aneta Miękisz, Agnieszka Kacprzak, Natalia Banasik, Małgorzata Foryś-Nogala
Most studies on bilingual language development focus on children's second language (L2). Here, we investigated first language (L1) development of Polish-English early migrant bilinguals in four domains: vocabulary, grammar, phonological processing, and discourse. We first compared Polish language skills between bilinguals and their Polish non-migrant monolingual peers, and then investigated the influence of the cumulative exposure to L1 and L2 on bilinguals' performance. We then examined whether high exposure to L1 could possibly minimize the gap between monolinguals and bilinguals...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915297/language-sample-analysis-and-elicitation-technique-effects-in-bilingual-children-with-and-without-language-impairment
#20
Maria Kapantzoglou, Gerasimos Fergadiotis, M Adelaida Restrepo
Purpose: This study examined whether the language sample elicitation technique (i.e., storytelling and story-retelling tasks with pictorial support) affects lexical diversity (D), grammaticality (grammatical errors per communication unit [GE/CU]), sentence length (mean length of utterance in words [MLUw]), and sentence complexity (subordination index [SI]), which are commonly used indices for diagnosing primary language impairment in Spanish-English-speaking children in the United States...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
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