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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903953/sociocultural-characteristic-lifestyle-and-metabolic-risk-factors-among-a-sample-of-kuwaiti-male-university-students
#1
Maha Al-Sejari
In the past six decades, the Kuwaiti population has been exposed to rapid transformation in the quality of diet intake, daily activities, and career types. This major socioeconomic shift was accompanied by the introduction of both communicable and noncommunicable chronic diseases afflicting people of all ages. This article aims to detect a relationship between sociocultural characteristics-such as physical activity, dietary habits, and smoking-and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS). A descriptive, cross-sectional survey was conducted among 262 male university students in Kuwait; participants were selected by using a convenient nonrandom opportunistic sample...
November 29, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903250/effectiveness-of-bovine-derived-xenograft-versus-bioactive-glass-with-periodontally-accelerated-osteogenic-orthodontics-in-adults-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#2
Maha A Bahammam
BACKGROUND: Periodontally accelerated osteogenic orthodontics (PAOO) combines periodontal therapy with orthodontic therapy, which minimises treatment time. This study compared the effectiveness of a bovine-derived xenograft with that of bioactive glass when combined with PAOO for the treatment of adult patients with moderate crowding of the teeth. METHODS: In this prospective, single-masked clinical trial, 33 orthodontic patients (20 women, 13 men; mean age 21.2 ± 1...
November 30, 2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898432/the-impact-of-paliperidone-palmitate-long-acting-injection-on-hospital-admissions-in-a-mental-health-setting
#3
Nikola Nikolić, Natalie Page, Adil Akram, Maha Khan
We screened 216 patients in a retrospective observational investigator-initiated study, of whom 45.37% patients (n=98) were retained after the inclusion criteria were applied. These patients had been prescribed paliperidone palmitate long-acting injection (PPLAI) with diagnoses of schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder and bipolar affective disorder. We investigated whether PPLAI has an effect on the frequency and length of admissions to mental health inpatient units, the number of contacts with Crisis Resolution Home Treatment Teams (CRHTT) and frequency of home visits by the CRHTT per patient, over 6 years, split using a 'mirror image' method...
November 24, 2016: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896699/cationized-carbohydrate-gas-phase-fragmentation-chemistry
#4
Benjamin J Bythell, Maha T Abutokaikah, Ashley R Wagoner, Shanshan Guan, Jordan M Rabus
We investigate the fragmentation chemistry of cationized carbohydrates using a combination of tandem mass spectrometry, regioselective labeling, and computational methods. Our model system is D-lactose. Barriers to the fundamental glyosidic bond cleavage reactions, neutral loss pathways, and structurally informative cross-ring cleavages are investigated. The most energetically favorable conformations of cationized D-lactose were found to be similar. In agreement with the literature, larger group I cations result in structures with increased cation coordination number which require greater collision energy to dissociate...
November 28, 2016: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894351/characterizing-the-morbid-genome-of-ciliopathies
#5
Ranad Shaheen, Katarzyna Szymanska, Basudha Basu, Nisha Patel, Nour Ewida, Eissa Faqeih, Amal Al Hashem, Nada Derar, Hadeel Alsharif, Mohammed A Aldahmesh, Anas M Alazami, Mais Hashem, Niema Ibrahim, Firdous M Abdulwahab, Rawda Sonbul, Hisham Alkuraya, Maha Alnemer, Saeed Al Tala, Muneera Al-Husain, Heba Morsy, Mohammed Zain Seidahmed, Neama Meriki, Mohammed Al-Owain, Saad AlShahwan, Brahim Tabarki, Mustafa A Salih, Tariq Faquih, Mohamed El-Kalioby, Marius Ueffing, Karsten Boldt, Clare V Logan, David A Parry, Nada Al Tassan, Dorota Monies, Andre Megarbane, Mohamed Abouelhoda, Anason Halees, Colin A Johnson, Fowzan S Alkuraya
BACKGROUND: Ciliopathies are clinically diverse disorders of the primary cilium. Remarkable progress has been made in understanding the molecular basis of these genetically heterogeneous conditions; however, our knowledge of their morbid genome, pleiotropy, and variable expressivity remains incomplete. RESULTS: We applied genomic approaches on a large patient cohort of 371 affected individuals from 265 families, with phenotypes that span the entire ciliopathy spectrum...
November 28, 2016: Genome Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891168/erratum-to-assessment-of-vitamin-d-status-in-a-group-of-egyptian-children-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-multicenter-study
#6
Amal Ahmed Mohamed, Maha Abdel Ghany, Gehan Lotfy Abdel Hakeem, Aya Mostafa, Rania Abdelmonem Khattab, Asmaa Mahmoud Abdalla, Laila El Morsi Abou El Fotoh, Abdel Azeem El Mazary, Madiha Abdalla Sayed, Ashraf Mohamed Abdel Fadil
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s12986-016-0112-z.].
2016: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885157/arab-american-adolescents-perceived-stress-and-bullying-experiences-a-qualitative-study
#7
Maha Albdour, Linda Lewin, Karen Kavanaugh, Jun Sung Hong, Feleta Wilson
In 2012, 20% of high school students were bullied in the United States. Bullying is more prevalent among minority populations. Arab American adolescents receive little research attention and are described as the invisible population. This descriptive qualitative study was conducted with 10 Arab American adolescent bullying victims to describe their bullying experiences and related stress. In addition to being bullied because of health problems or social disadvantages, Arab American adolescents reported that they were bullied because of their ethnic/racial background and religious affiliation...
November 24, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879463/a-tale-of-two-flaviviruses-a-seroepidemiological-study-of-dengue-virus-and-west-nile-virus-transmission-in-the-ouest-and-sud-est-departments-of-haiti
#8
Thomas A Weppelmann, Alexandra Burne, Michael E von Fricken, Maha A Elbadry, Madsen Beau De Rochars, Jacques Boncy, Bernard A Okech
Though plans to eliminate malaria from the island of Hispaniola have recently received much attention, arbovirus surveillance continues to be largely neglected in Haiti. To support surveillance efforts and encourage vector-control strategies, a cross-sectional study of dengue virus (DENV) and West Nile virus (WNV) transmission was conducted using standard seroepidemiological methods. Blood samples (N = 673) were collected from 278 males and 395 females from three locations in the Ouest and Sud-Est Departments of Haiti...
November 22, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876901/nematodes-ultrastructure-complex-systems-and-processes
#9
REVIEW
Maha M A Basyoni, Enas M A Rizk
Nematode worms are among the most ubiquitous organisms on earth. They include free-living forms as well as parasites of plants, insects, humans and other animals. Recently, there has been an explosion of interest in nematode biology, including the area of nematode ultrastructure. Nematodes are round with a body cavity. They have one way guts with a mouth at one end and an anus at the other. They have a pseudocoelom that is lined on one side with mesoderm and on the other side with endoderm. It appears that the cuticle is a very complex and evolutionarily plastic feature with important functions involving protection, body movement and maintaining shape...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874163/family-profile-of-victims-of-child-abuse-and-neglect-in-the-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#10
Ghulam Nabi, Maha A Almuneef
[No Abstract Available].
December 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874157/excision-of-oral-pyogenic-granuloma-in-a-diabetic-patient-with-940nm-diode-laser
#11
Maha A Al-Mohaya, Abdulaziz M Al-Malik
Pyogenic granuloma (PG) is a common, acquired, benign vascular reactive proliferation that typically develops as a small erythematous papule on the skin or oral mucosal surface. Oral PG is often caused by constant low-grade infection, minor trauma, poor oral hygiene, and due to hormonal disturbances. It shows a striking predilection for the gingiva. Lesions can be excised surgically with removal of the underlying causes. However, this modality may be associated with unnecessary complications. Recently, different laser wavelengths have been used for removal of oral PG...
December 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874151/a-stepwise-introduction-of-a-successful-antimicrobial-stewardship-program-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-university-hospital-in-western-saudi-arabia
#12
Maha M Alawi, Bayan M Darwesh
OBJECTIVES: To analyze and evaluate the safety and cost-effectiveness of a gradually-implemented antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASP) in a tertiary care center. METHODS: Prospective data were collected from an ASP that was gradually introduced between April 2012 and December 2013 in 6 hospital departments, over successive periods of 3 months each. A multidisciplinary team supervised antibiotic use and regulated pharmacy dispensations of a list of restricted antimicrobials (RAs)...
December 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874145/personalized-medicine-is-it-time-for-infectious-diseases
#13
Maha A Al-Mozaini, Michael K Mansour
[No Abstract Available].
December 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867394/association-of-tissue-transglutaminase-antibody-titer-with-duodenal-histological-changes-in-children-with-celiac-disease
#14
Hasan Hawamdeh, Basim Al-Zoubi, Yasameen Al Sharqi, Ayman Qasrawi, Yousef Abdelaziz, Maha Barbar
Celiac disease is usually diagnosed by demonstrating gluten enteropathy in small bowel biopsy. Celiac specific antibodies are used as an initial screening test. The goal of this study is to test the relationship of the anti-tTG titer and severity of histological changes in Jordanian children with celiac disease. Method. The medical records of 81 children who had elevated anti-tTG titer and had duodenal biopsies available were retrospectively reviewed. Result. Assessing the association of anti-tTG titer with duodenal histopathological changes, 94% of those with high anti-tTG titer (≥180 U/mL) had histological evidence of celiac disease...
2016: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866986/modelling-of-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-performance-of-aerosol-emitted-from-different-vibrating-mesh-nebulisers-in-non-invasive-ventilation-circuit
#15
Hoda Rabea, Ahmed M A Ali, Randa Salah Eldin, Maha M Abdelrahman, Amira S A Said, Mohamed E Abdelrahim
Substituting nebulisers by another in non-invasive ventilation circuit (NIV) involves many process variables which must be adjusted to ensure patient optimum therapy. However, there is a doubt when nebulisers use the same technology. Data mining technology based on artificial neural networks and genetic algorithms were used here to model in-vitro inhalation process and predict bioavailability from inhaled doses delivered by three different vibrating mesh nebulisers (VMNs) in NIV. Modelling of data indicated that in-vitro performance of VMNs was dependent mainly on fine particle fraction, mass median aerodynamic diameter (MMAD), total emitted dose (TED) and to lesser extent on nebuliser type...
November 17, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863587/corrigendum-to-maintaining-canine-sperm-function-and-osmolyte-content-with-multistep-freezing-protocol-and-different-cryoprotective-agents-cryobiol-71-2015-344-349
#16
Erif Maha Nugraha Setyawan, Min Jung Kim, Hyun Ju Oh, Geon A Kim, Young Kwang Jo, Seok Hee Lee, Yoo Bin Choi, Byeong Chun Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862262/different-effects-of-selective-%C3%AE-1-adrenoceptor-antagonists-nebivolol-or-atenolol-in-acetaminophen-induced-heptatotoxicity-of-rats
#17
Remon R Rofaeil, Maha Yehia Kamel, Walaa Yehia Abdelzaher
Acetaminophen (APAP) overdose is a common cause of acute liver failure and beta blockers are commonly used drugs in clinical practice. This study aims to evaluate the effect of two different beta blockers agents as nebivolol and atenolol against APAP-induced hepatotoxicity. Male wistar rats were treated with APAP (2 g/kg/day, p.o.) to induce hepatotoxicity. Our results showed that nebivolol and atenolol reduced heart rate and blood pressure. Nebivolol (5 mg/kg /day, p.o.) for 14 days has a hepatoprotective effect shown by significant decrease in hepatic injury parameters (serum AST and ALT) with significant suppression of hepatic malondialdehyde (MDA) and nitric oxide (NO) which were elevated with APAP administration...
November 14, 2016: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861345/vitamin-d-receptor-gene-bsmi-polymorphisms-in-egyptian-children-and-adolescents-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-case-control-study
#18
Seham F Azab, Yasser F Ali, Mohsen A A Farghaly, Mohammed E Hamed, Mayy A N Allah, Ahmed A Emam, Nasser I Abdelsalam, Mustafa I A Hashem, Heba H Gawish, Rehab M Nabil, Lamiaa M Kamel, Dalia S Fahmy, Salah F Alsayed, Nashwa M Al Azizi, Ghada M Al-Akad, Maha A Noah, Hind M Abdelrahman, Ahmed R Ahmed, Eman A Bendary
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multisystemic autoimmune disease. The vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene is a candidate gene for susceptibility to autoimmune disorders. To date, only a few studies concerned the association of the VDR gene polymorphisms with childhood-onset SLE.In this study, we aimed to investigate the BsmI polymorphisms in the VDR gene, for the first time in Egyptian children and adolescents with SLE, to determine whether this polymorphism could be a marker of susceptibility to or severity of SLE and we also measured the serum level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH] D) to assess its relation to such polymorphism...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855278/cadherin-11-is-a-cell-surface-marker-up-regulated-in-activated-pancreatic-stellate-cells-and-is-involved-in-pancreatic-cancer-cell-migration
#19
Chiara Birtolo, Hung Pham, Susan Morvaridi, Chintan Chheda, Vay Liang W Go, Andrzej Ptasznik, Mouad Edderkaoui, Michael Weisman, Erika Noss, Michael Brenner, Brent Larson, Maha Guindi, Qiang Wang, Stephen J Pandol
Chronic pancreatitis is a prominent risk factor for the development of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. In both conditions, the activation of myofibroblast-like pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) plays a predominant role in the formation of desmoplastic reaction through the synthesis of connective tissue and extracellular matrix, inducing local pancreatic fibrosis and an inflammatory response. Yet the signaling events involved in chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer progression and metastasis remain poorly defined...
November 14, 2016: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850801/1164-abcde-version-2-0-analysis-of-effectiveness-of-the-abcde-bundle-through-a-protocol-based-emr-tool
#20
Majdi Hamarshi, Madhuri Ramakrishnan, Maha Abu Kishk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
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