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Surgery in rural

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728285/-prevalence-and-surgery-status-of-cataract-among-adults-aged-60-years-or-above-in-two-villages-of-nantong
#1
J Zhou, Y Yuan, X Zhang, M Yang, H J Guan
Objective: To assess the prevalence, surgical coverage rate and social burden rate of cataract blindness among adults aged ≥60 years in the suburban population of Nantong, Jiangsu, China. Methods: It was a population-based cross-section study. A census with individuals aged ≥60 years was conducted in two villages of the suburb area in Nantong from June to August, 2008. A total of 1 305 individuals received visual acuity and eye examinations. Lens and cataract operative status were evaluated by slit-lamp biomicroscopy...
July 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719540/clinical-predictors-of-the-risk-of-early-colectomy-in-ulcerative-colitis-a-population-based-study
#2
Ahmed Al-Darmaki, James Hubbard, Cynthia H Seow, Yvette Leung, Kerri Novak, Abdel Aziz Shaheen, Remo Panaccione, Gilaad G Kaplan
BACKGROUND: A subset of patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) will require colectomy within a few years of diagnosis. Thus, our aim was to determine the clinical predictors of early colectomy among patients with UC who are hospitalized with an acute flare. METHODS: Using population-based surveillance (1996-2009), all adults (≥18 years) hospitalized for UC within 3 years of diagnosis (n = 489) were identified. The primary outcome was a colectomy within 3 years of diagnosis...
August 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717976/-trauma-surgery-in-pacific-small-island-developing-states-sids
#3
REVIEW
H Oberli, C Martin
BACKGROUND: The small developing countries in the Pacific are grouped together as Small Island Development States (SIDS) because they face similar problems which they cannot cope with nationally. They are developing countries, so-called low and lower middle income countries (LMIC), are economically weak and the islands of the different nations are widely scattered. Approximately 80% of the 10 million inhabitants live in rural regions. EPIDEMIOLOGY AND SURGICAL CAPACITY: Over 40% of patients in the surgical departments of hospitals are hospitalized for injuries, and this tendency is increasing...
July 17, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713630/primary-calvarial-tuberculosis
#4
Srihari Sridharan, D Balasubramanian
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis is a very common disease in India. Its prevalence, capacity to affect every other organ, and atypical presentations make it an important part of the differential diagnosis for cases presenting in the rural setup. Primary tuberculous caries of the calvarium is a rare manifestation of this common entity. CASE DESCRIPTION: A young lady presented with headache and discharging sinus of the scalp. Imaging revealed epidural abscess with midline shift...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701264/impact-of-rural-urban-status-on-survival-after-mastectomy-without-reconstruction-versus-mastectomy-with-reconstruction
#5
Elaine Jayne Buckley, Whitney E Zahnd, David J Rea, John D Mellinger, Sabha Ganai
BACKGROUND: Disparities in access to care exist for breast cancer patients, including access to surgeons performing reconstruction. We hypothesized rural patients have delayed time to surgery after mastectomy with reconstruction with implications on survival. METHODS: An observational study was conducted using the National Cancer Database on patients with breast cancer from 2003 to 2007 who underwent mastectomy, with or without reconstruction from 2003 to 2007 (n = 90,319)...
June 29, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694167/minimally-invasive-surgery-survey-miss-a-survey-of-surgical-team-members-perceptions-for-successful-minimally-invasive-surgery-mis
#6
Ladin A Yurteri-Kaplan, Leslie Andriani, Anagha Kumar, Pamela A Saunders, Mihriye M Mete, Andrew I Sokol
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To develop a valid and reliable survey to measure surgical team members' perceptions regarding their institution's requirements for successful minimally invasive surgery (MIS). DESIGN: Utilizing the Safety Attitudes questionnaire as a guide, we developed questions assessing study participants' attitudes regarding the requirements for successful MIS. The questions were closed-ended and responses based on a 5-point Likert scale. The large pool of questions was then given to four focus groups made up of 3-6 individuals...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691429/effectiveness-of-bariatric-procedures-based-on-selected-laboratory-parameters-of-patients-from-rural-areas-in-polish-population
#7
Regina Sierżantowicz, Jolanta Lewko, Lech Trochimowicz, Bożena Kirpsza, Jacek Dadan, Hady Razak Hady
BACKGROUND: The latter are inhabited by over 15 million people, i.e. 39.5% of Polish population, including about 5 million rural residents in the Podlaskie voivodeship. The incidence of obesity is associated with increased prevalence of obesity-related conditions. The conducted studies do not confirm the efficacy of conservative treatment obesity, but show that bariatric procedures produce the best long-term results. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to present the effects of bariatric obesity treatment (LAGB, SG, RYGB) on body mass index (BMI), selected diabetes control parameters, dyslipidemia, hepatic and renal enzymes, blood count, and hypertension control...
June 27, 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682220/paediatric-surgery-outreach-analysis-of-referrals-to-a-tertiary-paediatric-surgery-service-to-plan-an-outreach-programme-kwa-zulu-natal-south-africa
#8
Yashoda Manickchund, G P Hadley
Paediatric surgical disease is a neglected health problem. Patients travel great distances to tertiary level care for management. This study aimed at analysing referral patterns to design an outreach programme for paediatric surgery in KwaZulu Natal. Data forms of patients referred to the service between January and July 2016 were correlated with the clinical record. Delays in management were compared to morbidity and mortality. Out of 781, 158 referrals were accepted as emergencies. The majority (62%) were children aged < 1 year...
January 1, 2017: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677825/the-impact-after-50-years-of-a-new-medical-education-programme-with-a-regional-workforce-mission
#9
Richard Hays, Sarah Bowles, Terry Brown, Anthony Lawler, James Vickers
BACKGROUND: Tasmania established its medical programme in 1965 to produce graduates to address medical workforce recruitment challenges. Many Tasmanian graduates work in Tasmania, but workforce problems continue. This paper reports the workforce outcomes of the first 42 graduating cohorts. METHODS: A database for all University of Tasmania medical graduates from the years 1970 to 2011 was developed by combining information from university, registration and local workforce survey databases...
July 5, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676927/feasibility-and-limits-of-inguinal-hernia-repair-under-local-anaesthesia-in-a-limited-resource-environment-a-prospective-controlled-study
#10
S Bourgouin, Y Goudard, A Montcriol, J Bordes, A Nau, P Balandraud
PURPOSE: Local anaesthesia (LA) has proven effective for inguinal hernia repair in developed countries. Hernias in low to middle income countries represent a different issue. The aim of this study was to analyse the feasibility of LA for African hernia repairs in a limited resource environment. METHODS: Data from patients who underwent herniorrhaphy under LA or spinal anaesthesia (SA) by the 6th and 7th Forward Surgical Team were prospectively collected. All of the patients benefited from a transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block for postoperative analgesia...
July 4, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667216/the-epidemiological-profile-of-hysterectomy-in-rural-chinese-women-a-population-based-study
#11
Fangfang Liu, Yaqi Pan, Yongmei Liang, Chaoting Zhang, Qiuju Deng, Xiang Li, Mengfei Liu, Zhonghu He, Ying Liu, Jingjing Li, Tao Ning, Chuanhai Guo, Ruiping Xu, Lixin Zhang, Hong Cai, Yang Ke
OBJECTIVES: Hysterectomy is one of the most common surgical procedures performed on women in developed countries; however, little is known about the epidemiology of hysterectomy in low-income to middle-income regions. This study seeks to evaluate the prevalence of hysterectomy and its risk factors in rural China. METHODS: Questionnaires were collected from 3328 female adults aged 25â€"69 years in rural Anyang, China, in 2009â€"2011. Hysterectomy status was ascertained by the gynaecologist at the time of cytological test...
June 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667197/developing-patient-education-to-enhance-recovery-after-colorectal-surgery-through-action-research-a-qualitative-study
#12
Fiona Poland, Nicola Spalding, Sheila Gregory, Jane McCulloch, Kevin Sargen, Penny Vicary
OBJECTIVES: To understand the role of preoperative education for patients undergoing colorectal surgery by involving patients, carers and staff in: (1) identifying its perceived value and deficits for enhanced recovery; (2) modifying current education practices to address educational deficits; and (3) evaluating these changes for preparing patients to enhance their recovery. DESIGN: Qualitative study of three cycles of action research using mixed methods within a 24-month naturalistic enquiry to identify, implement and evaluate changes through observations, questionnaires, semistructured longitudinal interviews, focus groups and documentation review...
June 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663635/an-audit-of-comparison-of-perioperative-outcomes-with-the-introduction-of-standardized-preoperative-evaluation-form-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-rural-india
#13
Shraddha Vidyadhar Naik, Bilal Mohammad, Vitthal K Dhulkhed
INTRODUCTION: Preoperative evaluation of a patient is the fundamental component of anaesthetic practice. Inadequate documentation and record keeping on the preoperative evaluation form (PEF) can be a major obstacle to attaining good practice and improving patient outcomes following operative procedures. AIM: The aim of the study was to conduct an audit to assess the quality of the preoperative anaesthetic information gathered and to observe the quality profile after the introduction of a standardized pre-operative evaluation form...
April 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643710/postoperative-posterior-capsular-striae-and-the-posterior-capsular-opacification-in-patients-implanted-with-two-types-of-intraocular-lens-material
#14
Rajesh Subhash Joshi
AIM: To evaluate the incidence of postoperative posterior capsular striae (PCS) and its influence on posterior capsular opacification (PCO) in patients implanted with two types of lens material. SETTING: Tertiary eye care center in central rural India. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, observational, nonrandomized study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 1247 patients having age-related cataract scheduled for removal by phacoemulsification technique and implantation of hydrophilic or hydrophobic intraocular lens (IOL)...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639144/rural-versus-urban-compliance-in-the-management-of-cryptorchidism-is-there-a-difference
#15
Dana Point, Chad Morley, Ali Tourchi, Sunil Reddy, Pokket Sirisreetreerux, John Gearhart, Osama Al-Omar
The authors compared the age and referral patterns of pediatric patients undergoing surgical intervention for cryptorchidism at a rural, West Virginia University, versus urban, Johns Hopkins University, tertiary center. A retrospective review of patients undergoing surgical evaluation for cryptorchidism was performed. Patients treated for reasons unrelated to cryptorchidism or referred for multiple urologic diagnoses were excluded. The patients at each institution were then divided into four groups based on their corrected gestational age at time of surgery...
August 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639040/mobile-gastrointestinal-and-endoscopic-surgery-in-rural-ecuador-20%C3%A2-years-experience-of-cinterandes
#16
H T Shalabi, M D Price, S T Shalabi, E B Rodas, A L Vicuña, B Guzhñay, R R Price, E Rodas
INTRODUCTION: Five billion people worldwide do not have timely access to surgical care. Cinterandes is one of the only mobile surgical units in low- and middle-income countries. This paper examines the methodology that Cinterandes uses to deliver mobile surgery. METHODS: Founding and core staff were interviewed, four missions were participated in, and internal documents and records were analysed between 1 May and 1 July 2014. RESULTS: Cinterandes performed 7641 operations over the last 20 years (60% gastrointestinal/laparoscopic), travelling 300,000 km to remote areas of Ecuador...
June 21, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637558/travel-time-influences-readmission-risk-geospatial-mapping-of-surgical-readmissions
#17
Florence E Turrentine, Patrick J Buckley, Min-Woong Sohn, Michael D Williams
The University of Virginia (UVA) has recently become an Accountable Care Organization (ACO), intensifying efforts to provide better care for individuals. UVA's ACO population resides across the entire Commonwealth, with a large percentage of patients living in rural areas. To provide better health for this population, the central tenet of the ACO mission, we identified geographic risk factors influencing hospital readmission. We analyzed the relationship between the distance of patients' residence to the nearest hospital and 30-day readmission in general surgery patients...
June 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630690/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-surgical-site-infections-in-obstetric-and-gynecological-surgeries-from-a-teaching-hospital-in-rural-india
#18
Ashish Pathak, Kalpana Mahadik, Manmat B Swami, Pulak K Roy, Megha Sharma, Vijay K Mahadik, Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSI) are one of the most common healthcare associated infections in the low-middle income countries. Data on incidence and risk factors for SSI following surgeries in general and Obstetric and Gynecological surgeries in particular are scare. This study set out to identify risk factors for SSI in patients undergoing Obstetric and Gynecological surgeries in an Indian rural hospital. METHODS: Patients who underwent a surgical procedure between September 2010 to February 2013 in the 60-bedded ward of Obstetric and Gynecology department were included...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629455/an-investigation-of-the-relationship-between-autonomy-childbirth-practices-and-obstetric-fistula-among-women-in-rural-lilongwe-district-malawi
#19
Julika Ayla Kaplan, Jonathan Kandodo, Joseph Sclafani, Susan Raine, Jennifer Blumenthal-Barby, Alison Norris, Abigail Norris-Turner, Elly Chemey, John Michael Beckham, Zara Khan, Reginald Chunda
BACKGROUND: Obstetric fistula is a childbirth injury caused by prolonged obstructed labor that results in destruction of the tissue wall between the vagina and bladder. Although obstetric fistula is directly caused by prolonged obstructed labor, many other factors indirectly increase fistula risk. Some research suggests that many women in rural Malawi have limited autonomy and decision-making power in their households. We hypothesize that women's limited autonomy may play a role in reinforcing childbirth practices that increase the risk of obstetric fistula in this setting by hindering access to emergency care and further prolonging obstructed labor...
June 19, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619401/assessment-of-surgical-and-trauma-capacity-in-potos%C3%A3-bolivia
#20
Kevin J Blair, Marissa A Boeck, José Luis Gallardo Barrientos, José Luis Hidalgo López, Irene B Helenowski, Benedict C Nwomeh, Michael B Shapiro, Mamta Swaroop
BACKGROUND: Scaling up surgical and trauma care in low- and middle-income countries could prevent nearly 2 million annual deaths. Various survey instruments exist to measure surgical and trauma capacity, including Personnel, Infrastructure, Procedures, Equipment, and Supplies (PIPES) and International Assessment of Capacity for Trauma (INTACT). OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate surgical and trauma capacity in the Bolivian department of Potosí using a combined PIPES and INTACT tool, with additional questions to further inform intervention targets...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
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