keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Surgery in rural

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071628/an-audit-of-cytoreductive-surgeries-in-ovarian-cancer-from-a-rural-based-cancer-center
#1
S B Dessai, V M Patil, S Chakraborty, S Babu, A Bhattacharjee, S Nayanar, S Vikram, S Balasubramanian
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Ovarian cancers are frequently seen at an advanced stage in our center. This audit was planned to see the morbidity and efficacy of different types of cytoreductive surgeries (radical vs. ultra-radical) done in such patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of all ovarian cancer patients who underwent cytoreductive surgery at our center from January 2009 to August 2013. The case records of these patients were reviewed and the demographic, disease-related and treatment-related data were extracted...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061841/supervised-neuromuscular-exercise-prior-to-hip-and-knee-replacement-12-month-clinical-effect-and-cost-utility-analysis-alongside-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Linda Fernandes, Ewa M Roos, Søren Overgaard, Allan Villadsen, Rikke Søgaard
BACKGROUND: There are indications of beneficial short-term effect of pre-operative exercise in reducing pain and improving activity of daily living after total hip replacement (THR) and total knee replacement (TKR) surgery. Though, information from studies conducting longer follow-ups and economic evaluations of exercise prior to THR and TKR is needed. The aim of the study was to analyse 12-month clinical effect and cost-utility of supervised neuromuscular exercise prior to THR and TKR surgery...
January 6, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056383/socioeconomic-factors-related-to-surgical-treatment-for-localized-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#3
Xiaqing Jiang, Ge Lin, K M Monirul Islam
Various socioeconomic factors were reported to be associated with receiving surgical treatment in localized, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients in previous studies. We wanted to assess the impact of residential poverty on receiving surgical treatment in a state-wide population of localized NSCLC, adjusting for demographic, clinical, residence and tumor factors. Data on 970 patients with primary localized NSCLC were collected from the Nebraska Cancer Registry (NCR), and linked with the Nebraska Hospital Discharge Data (NHDD) between 2005 and 2009, as well as the 2010 Census data...
December 29, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050471/spectrum-of-mdct-findings-in-bowel-obstruction-in-a-tertiary-care-rural-hospital-in-northern-india
#4
Ranjana Gupta, Puneet Mittal, Amit Mittal, Sharad Gupta, Kapish Mittal, Arpit Taneja
INTRODUCTION: Multidetector Computed Tomography (MDCT) provides clinically and surgically important information in bowel obstruction. It can depict the severity, level and cause of obstruction. AIM: To depict the spectrum of MDCT findings in cases of small and large bowel obstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Contrast enhanced MDCT examination of 50 patients were retrospectively included in the study who had evidence of clinical as well as MDCT evidence of bowel obstruction and in whom surgical/clinical follow-up for final diagnosis was available...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043110/obesity-as-a-risk-factor-for-prostatic-enlargement-a-retrospective-cohort-study-in-korea
#5
Jae Hung Jung, Song Vogue Ahn, Jae Mann Song, Se-Jin Chang, Kwang Jin Kim, Sung Won Kwon, Sang-Yoo Park, Sang-Baek Koh
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate obesity, a risk factor of metabolic syndrome, and its association with prostatic enlargement in a retrospective cohort in Korea. METHODS: Baseline data were obtained from the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study on Atherosclerosis Risk of Rural Areas in the Korean General Population (KoGES-ARIRANG). Between March 2015 and November 2015, 2,127 male participants of KoGES-ARIRANG were invited to the Korean Prostate Health Council Screening Program, and 602 participants underwent urological examination, including serum prostate specific antigen measurement and transrectal ultrasonography, and completed the International Prostate Symptom Score questionnaire...
December 2016: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032596/prospective-study-on-factors-affecting-the-prognosis-of-oral-cancer-in-a-chinese-population
#6
Fengqiong Liu, Fa Chen, Jiangfeng Huang, Lingjun Yan, Fangping Liu, Junfeng Wu, Yu Qiu, Xiaoyan Zheng, Rongzhao Zhang, Lisong Lin, Baochang He
This study was performed to identify the factors affecting prognosis of oral cancer patients. 1240 pathologically confirmed oral cancer patients were included. The sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of all patients were collected. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards models were used to assess potential prognostic factors for survival. 1240 oral cancer patients were followed up for 49235.00 person months, and the 5-year overall survival rate was 64.38%. Both univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis indicated that Body Mass Index < 18...
December 9, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030934/the-physiotherapeutic-context-of-loss-of-dominant-arm-function-due-to-occupational-accidents
#7
Anna Kostiukow, Elżbieta Kaluga, Włodzimierz Samborski, Elżbieta Rostkowska
INTRODUCTION: The study examines the problem of dominant arm function loss in rural adult patients due to work-related accidents. The types of risks involved in farmyard work include falling from a height, manually moving loads, overturning/accident whilst driving an agricultural tractor, noise and vibration, use of pesticides, and the risk of being cut or injured. The study focuses on adaptation of the non-dominant arm. OBJECTIVE: The main aim of the study was evaluation of visual-motor coordination on the basis of performance of the non-dominant hand in patients after the loss of function of the dominant arm...
23, 2016: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968869/cataract-screening-in-a-rural-area-of-southern-china-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#8
Xuhua Tan, Haotian Lin, YuTing Li, Li Huang, Yi Zhu, Yao Ni, WenYong Huang, Yizhi Liu
BACKGROUND: Cataract is the leading cause of blindness and impaired vision worldwide; however, cataract surgery rate in China (1300 cases per million people per year) is lower than in Europe, America, and India (greater than 5000 cases per million people per year). In the past 10 years, a public health screening system has been established for early diagnosis and intervention of chronic diseases such as diabetes and hypertension by the Disease Control and Prevention Centers (CDC) of China...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966338/the-clinical-and-laboratory-characteristics-treatments-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-brucella-epididymo-orchitis-beo-compared-to-those-without-beo
#9
Hasan Naz, Pınar Korkmaz, Figen Çevik, Nevil Aykın
BACKGROUND/AIM: We aim to describe the clinical and laboratory characteristics, treatment, and outcomes of 21 patients with Brucella epididymo-orchitis (BEO) from Eskişehir Yunus Emre State Hospital, Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 21 patients with BEO who were diagnosed and followed in the Infectious Diseases Clinic between June 2001 and June 2013 were evaluated retrospectively. RESULTS: One hundred and twenty-eight of 192 patients evaluated throughout the study were male and BEO was determined in 21 (16...
November 17, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958207/cataract-surgery-in-mobile-eye-surgical-unit-safe-and-viable-alternative
#10
Rajesh Pioneer Sangameswaran, Gajendra Kumar Verma, Narayanan Raghavan, Jayaraj Joseph, Mohanasankar Sivaprakasam
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility and safety of a mobile eye surgical unit (MESU) in providing quality cataract surgery for the indigent rural population with poor access to quality eye care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two buses connected by a vestibule were built to meet the requirements for a self-sufficient operation theater (OT). In every camp, safe transportation of units, good alignment of buses, safe water, and maintenance of sterile environment were achieved with optimal utilization of OT...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938695/feasibility-assessment-for-using-telehealth-technology-to-improve-access-to-dental-care-for-rural-and-underserved-populations
#11
Amy B Martin, Joni D Nelson, Grishma P Bhavsar, James McElligott, David Garr, Renata S Leite
OBJECTIVE: South Carolina Dental Association members were surveyed on telehealth knowledge, need, and interest in using it for access to care improvements. METHODS: Dependent variables were Medicaid patient population size (less than or greater than 10%), career stage (early to middle and advanced), and National Health Service Corps participation (yes or no). Practice and provider characteristics were screener questions. Data were collected electronically and analyzed with SAS...
December 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935904/determinants-of-postgraduate-students-choices-of-speciality
#12
B Shrestha, Y R Pokhrel, K Butterworth
INTRODUCTION: Postgraduate specialization is perceived as essential for success with high competition for enrolment. The reasons how medical students choose their postgraduate specialty are complex. Understanding the factors that influence career choice helps in workforce planning. So, we tried to identify the specialty preferred by postgraduate students and the factors that influenced these choices in a post graduate institution. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted in National Academy of Medical Sciences...
January 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918589/outcomes-of-cataract-surgery-in-urban-and-rural-population-in-the-south-indian-state-of-andhra-pradesh-rapid-assessment-of-visual-impairment-ravi-project
#13
Srinivas Marmamula, Rohit C Khanna, Konegari Shekhar, Gullapalli N Rao
OBJECTIVE: To assess the visual outcomes after cataract surgery among urban and rural population aged ≥40 years in the South India state of Andhra Pradesh. METHODS: A population based cross-sectional study was conducted in which 7800 subjects were sampled from two rural and one urban location. Visual Acuity was assessed and eye examination were performed by trained personnel. A questionnaire was used to collect personal and demographic information, and history of cataract surgery...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918248/prevalence-of-trachoma-in-benishangul-gumuz-region-ethiopia-results-of-seven-population-based-surveys-from-the-global-trachoma-mapping-project
#14
Yilikal Adamu, Colin Macleod, Liknaw Adamu, Wirtu Fikru, Beyene Kidu, Aida Abashawl, Michael Dejene, Brian K Chu, Rebecca M Flueckiger, Rebecca Willis, Alexandre L Pavluck, Anthony W Solomon
PURPOSE: Trachoma is a major cause of blindness in Ethiopia, and targeted for elimination as a public health problem by the year 2020. Prevalence data are needed to plan interventions. We set out to estimate the prevalence of trachoma in each evaluation unit of grouped districts ("woredas") in Benishangul Gumuz region, Ethiopia. METHODS: We conducted seven cross-sectional community-based surveys, covering 20 woredas, between December 2013 and January 2014, as part of the Global Trachoma Mapping Project (GTMP)...
2016: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918232/the-prevalence-of-trachoma-in-tigray-region-northern-ethiopia-results-of-11-population-based-prevalence-surveys-completed-as-part-of-the-global-trachoma-mapping-project
#15
Sadik Taju Sherief, Colin Macleod, Goitum Gigar, Hagos Godefay, Atakelit Abraha, Michael Dejene, Amir B Kello, Aberash Belete, Yitbarek Assefa, Rebecca Willis, Brian K Chu, Anthony W Solomon
PURPOSE: We aimed to estimate the prevalence of trachoma in each district ("woreda") of Tigray Region, Ethiopia. METHODS: We conducted 11 cross-sectional community-based surveys in evaluation units covering 34 rural woredas from January to March 2013 using the standardized methodology developed for the Global Trachoma Mapping Project. RESULTS: Teams visited 8034 households in 275 villages. A total of 28,581 consenting individuals were examined, 16,163 (56...
2016: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918229/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-trachoma-in-southern-nations-nationalities-and-peoples-region-ethiopia-results-of-40-population-based-prevalence-surveys-carried-out-with-the-global-trachoma-mapping-project
#16
Tesfaye Haileselassie Adera, Colin Macleod, Misganu Endriyas, Michael Dejene, Rebecca Willis, Brian K Chu, Yohannes Letamo, Tebeje Misganaw, Tamiru Mesele, Emebet Mekonnen, Alemayehu Sisay, Yeneneh Mulugeta, Wondu Alemayehu, Khumbo Kalua, Tezera Kifle Destu, Yilikal Adamu, Jennifer L Smith, Abu Beyene, Addisu Tadesse, Anthony W Solomon
PURPOSE: We sought to estimate the prevalence of trachoma at sufficiently fine resolution to allow elimination interventions to begin, where required, in the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' Region (SNNPR) of Ethiopia. METHODS: We carried out cross-sectional population-based surveys in 14 rural zones. A 2-stage cluster randomized sampling technique was used. A total of 40 evaluation units (EUs) covering 110 districts ("woredas") were surveyed from February 2013 to May 2014 as part of the Global Trachoma Mapping Project (GTMP), using the standardized GTMP training package and methodology...
2016: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916358/transfer-of-acute-care-surgery-patients-in-a-rural-state-a-concerning-trend
#17
Brittany Misercola, Kristen Sihler, Molly Douglas, Stephen Ranney, Jonathan Dreifus
BACKGROUND: Regionalized care of complex patients to larger hospitals is an increasingly common practice as the population ages and the physician shortage evolves. The Acute Care Surgery model is new, and there are limited data on the patients being transferred through this system. We hypothesized transfer patients would be older, more complex, and require additional resources. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective chart review of Acute Care Surgery patients admitted to a single tertiary facility...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913615/urban-rural-differences-in-cancer-directed-surgery-and-survival-of-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#18
Audrey Alforque Thomas, Alison Pearce, Ciaran O'Neill, Michal Molcho, Linda Sharp
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Clinically appropriate cancer-directed surgery is an influential and significant prognostic factor. In a population-based study, we determined how urban/rural residence was related to surgery receipt for patients with non-small cell lung cancer. We assessed the relationship between relative survival and patients' area of residence, taking into account surgery receipt and area socioeconomic level. METHODS: We extracted data from the National Cancer Registry Ireland on patients with non-small cell lung cancer diagnosed during 1994-2011 and linked to area-level data on socioeconomic indicators and urban/rural categories...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905625/-epidemiological-description-of-human-and-animal-hydatidosis-in-los-r%C3%A3-os-region-1999-2009
#19
Gerardo Acosta-Jamett, Reinaldo Vargas, Santiago Ernst
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of hydatidosis in humans and livestock in the Los Ríos region during the years 1999-2009. METHODS: A retrospective survey of all discharge records of patients undergoing removal of cysts produced by Echinococcus granulosus during the period 1999-2009 in the Hospital Clinico Regional of Valdivia was conducted. With the information provided incidence rate, mortality rate and fatality rate were calculated. Additionally, with the aim of determining prevalence of hydatidosis in livestock (i...
August 2016: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903117/risk-factors-associated-with-the-surgical-management-of-craniopharyngiomas-in-pediatric-patients-analysis-of-1961-patients-from-a-national-registry-database
#20
Joshua Bakhsheshian, Diana L Jin, Ki-Eun Chang, Ben A Strickland, Dan A Donoho, Steven Cen, William J Mack, Frank Attenello, Eisha A Christian, Gabriel Zada
OBJECTIVE Patient demographic characteristics, hospital volume, and admission status have been shown to impact surgical outcomes of sellar region tumors in adults; however, the data available following the resection of craniopharyngiomas in the pediatric population remain limited. The authors sought to identify potential risk factors associated with outcomes following surgical management of pediatric craniopharyngiomas. METHODS The Nationwide Inpatient Sample database and Kids' Inpatient Database were analyzed to include admissions for pediatric patients (≤ 18 years) who underwent a transcranial or transsphenoidal craniotomy for resection of a craniopharyngioma...
December 2016: Neurosurgical Focus
keyword
keyword
92983
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"