keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Knowledge Retention

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549316/method-for-assessment-of-stormwater-treatment-facilities-synthetic-road-runoff-addition-including-micro-pollutants-and-tracer
#1
Karin Cederkvist, Marina B Jensen, Peter E Holm
Stormwater treatment facilities (STFs) are becoming increasingly widespread but knowledge on their performance is limited. This is due to difficulties in obtaining representative samples during storm events and documenting removal of the broad range of contaminants found in stormwater runoff. This paper presents a method to evaluate STFs by addition of synthetic runoff with representative concentrations of contaminant species, including the use of tracer for correction of removal rates for losses not caused by the STF...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547923/pediatric-heart-disease-simulation-curriculum-educating-the-pediatrician
#2
Tyler H Harris, Mark Adler, Sharon M Unti, Mary E McBride
BACKGROUND: Training guidelines state that pediatricians should be able to diagnose, manage, and triage patients with heart disease. Acutely ill cardiac patients present infrequently and with high acuity, yet residents receive less exposure to acute cardiac conditions than previous generations. Trainees must learn to manage these situations despite this gap. Simulation has been used successfully to train learners to provide acute care. We hypothesized that a simulation-based cardiac curriculum would improve residents' ability to manage cardiac patients...
May 26, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542841/blood-donors-perceptions-motivators-and-deterrents-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-scoping-review-of-evidence
#3
REVIEW
Lucy Asamoah-Akuoko, Oliver W Hassall, Imelda Bates, Henrik Ullum
Achieving an adequate blood supply in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) through donor mobilization and retention is crucial. Factors that motivate or deter blood donors vary according to beliefs and social norms. Understanding the factors that influence blood donation behaviour in SSA is vital to developing effective strategies to address blood donor motivation and retention. This review of 35 studies from 16 SSA countries collates available evidence concerning the perceptions, motivators and deterrents that influence blood donors in SSA...
May 22, 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542179/teaching-genetics-prior-to-teaching-evolution-improves-evolution-understanding-but-not-acceptance
#4
Rebecca Mead, Momna Hejmadi, Laurence D Hurst
What is the best way to teach evolution? As microevolution may be configured as a branch of genetics, it being a short conceptual leap from understanding the concepts of mutation and alleles (i.e., genetics) to allele frequency change (i.e., evolution), we hypothesised that learning genetics prior to evolution might improve student understanding of evolution. In the UK, genetics and evolution are typically taught to 14- to 16-y-old secondary school students as separate topics with few links, in no particular order and sometimes with a large time span between...
May 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540142/rapid-cycle-deliberate-practice-in-medical-education-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Jillian Taras, Tobias Everett
Rapid Cycle Deliberate Practice (RCDP) is a novel simulation-based education model that is currently attracting interest, implementation, exploration and research in medical education. In RCDP, learners rapidly cycle between deliberate practice and directed feedback within the simulation scenario until mastery is achieved. The objective of this systematic review is to examine the literature and summarize the existing knowledge on RCDP in simulation-based medical education. Fifteen resources met inclusion criteria; they were diverse and heterogeneous, such that we did not perform a quantitative synthesis or meta-analysis but rather a narrative review on RCDP...
April 19, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532202/experiences-of-establishing-an-academic-early-phase-clinical-trials-unit
#6
Sarah R Brown, Debbie Sherratt, Gill Booth, Julia Brown, Fiona Collinson, Walter Gregory, Louise Flanagan
BACKGROUND: Early phase trials are essential in drug development, determining appropriate dose levels and assessing preliminary activity. These trials are undertaken by industry and academia, with increasing collaborations between the two. There is pressure to perform these trials quickly, safely, and robustly. However, there are inherent differences between developing and managing early phase, compared to late phase, drug trials. This article describes an approach to establishing an academically led early phase trial portfolio, highlighting lessons learned and sharing experiences...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530266/comparison-of-peptide-retention-prediction-algorithm-in-reversed-phase-chromatography-comment-on-predictive-chromatography-of-peptides-and-proteins-as-a-complementary-tool-for-proteomics-by-i-a-tarasova-c-d-masselon-a-v-gorshkov-and-m-v-gorshkov-analyst-2016
#7
Oleg V Krokhin
In a recent mini-review, Tarasova et al. (Analyst, 2016, 141, 4816) compared several peptide retention prediction models for reversed-phase HPLC developed for applied proteomics. The mechanism of peptide retention in RP-HPLC is very complex. Peptide separation selectivity is affected by multiple parameters of a separation system. Consequently, proper comparison of the models requires a detailed knowledge (to provide the best match) of separation conditions used to acquire both optimization and test datasets...
May 22, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520838/effect-of-the-prepare-website-vs-an-easy-to-read-advance-directive-on-advance-care-planning-documentation-and-engagement-among-veterans-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Rebecca L Sudore, John Boscardin, Mariko A Feuz, Ryan D McMahan, Mary T Katen, Deborah E Barnes
Importance: Documentation rates of patients' medical wishes are often low. It is unknown whether easy-to-use, patient-facing advance care planning (ACP) interventions can overcome barriers to planning in busy primary care settings. Objective: To compare the efficacy of an interactive, patient-centered ACP website (PREPARE) with an easy-to-read advance directive (AD) to increase planning documentation. Design, Setting, and Participants: This was a comparative effectiveness randomized clinical trial from April 2013 to July 2016 conducted at multiple primary care clinics at the San Francisco VA Medical Center...
May 18, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508283/young-adults-self-derive-and-retain-new-factual-knowledge-through-memory-integration
#9
Nicole L Varga, Patricia J Bauer
The present research investigated the retention of new factual knowledge derived through integration of information acquired across temporally distributed learning episodes. Young adults were exposed to novel facts as they read long lists of seemingly unrelated information, one sentence at a time. They then were presented open-ended questions, the answers to which could be self-derived through integration of pairs of facts from the list. Experiment 1 was the first test of self-derivation of new factual knowledge through integration in adults using open-ended testing (as opposed to forced-choice testing)...
May 15, 2017: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507320/the-microbiome-regulates-amygdala-dependent-fear-recall
#10
A E Hoban, R M Stilling, G Moloney, F Shanahan, T G Dinan, G Clarke, J F Cryan
The amygdala is a key brain region that is critically involved in the processing and expression of anxiety and fear-related signals. In parallel, a growing number of preclinical and human studies have implicated the microbiome-gut-brain in regulating anxiety and stress-related responses. However, the role of the microbiome in fear-related behaviours is unclear. To this end we investigated the importance of the host microbiome on amygdala-dependent behavioural readouts using the cued fear conditioning paradigm...
May 16, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504472/thoughtflow-standards-and-tools-for-provenance-capture-and-workflow-definition-to-support-model-informed-drug-discovery-and-development
#11
J J Wilkins, Pls Chan, J Chard, G Smith, M K Smith, M Beer, A Dunn, C Flandorfer, C Franklin, R Gomeni, L Harnisch, R Kaye, S Moodie, M L Sardu, E Wang, E Watson, K Wolstencroft, Sya Cheung
Pharmacometric analyses are complex and multifactorial. It is essential to check, track, and document the vast amounts of data and metadata that are generated during these analyses (and the relationships between them) in order to comply with regulations, support quality control, auditing, and reporting. It is, however, challenging, tedious, error-prone, and time-consuming, and diverts pharmacometricians from the more useful business of doing science. Automating this process would save time, reduce transcriptional errors, support the retention and transfer of knowledge, encourage good practice, and help ensure that pharmacometric analyses appropriately impact decisions...
May 15, 2017: CPT: Pharmacometrics & Systems Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501114/evaluation-of-palliative-care-training-and-skills-retention-by-medical-students
#12
Priti P Parikh, Mary T White, Lynne Buckingham, Kathryn M Tchorz
BACKGROUND: Training in palliative and end-of-life care has been introduced in medical education; however, the impact of such training and the retention of skills and knowledge have not been studied in detail. This survey study examines long-term follow-up on end-of-life communication skills training, evaluation, and skills retention in medical students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During the surgical clerkship, all third-year medical students received communication skills training in palliative care using simulated patients...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501075/gadolinium-retention-and-toxicity-an-update
#13
REVIEW
Miguel Ramalho, Joana Ramalho, Lauren M Burke, Richard C Semelka
Until 2006, the main considerations regarding safety for all gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs) were related to short-term adverse reactions. However, the administration of certain "high-risk" GBCAs to patients with renal failure resulted in multiple reported cases of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis. Findings have been reported regarding gadolinium deposition within the body and various reports of patients who report suffering from acute and chronic symptoms secondary to GBCA's exposure. At the present state of knowledge, it has been proved that gadolinium deposits also occur in the brain, irrespective of renal function and GBCAs stability class...
May 2017: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499432/development-and-evaluation-of-a-community-based-buprenorphine-treatment-intervention
#14
Aaron D Fox, Nancy L Sohler, Taeko Frost, Carolina Lopez, Chinazo O Cunningham
BACKGROUND: The majority of Americans with opioid use disorder remain out of treatment. Operating in 33 states, Washington DC, and Puerto Rico, harm reduction agencies, which provide sterile syringes and other health services to people who inject drugs, are a key venue to reach out-of-treatment opioid users. Aiming to link out-of-treatment individuals with opioid use disorder to buprenorphine treatment, we developed a community-based buprenorphine treatment (CBBT) intervention in collaboration with New York City harm reduction agencies...
May 12, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498179/improving-retention-in-care-among-pregnant-women-and-mothers-living-with-hiv-lessons-from-inspire-and-implications-for-future-who-guidance-and-monitoring
#15
Nigel C Rollins, Shaffiq M Essajee, Nita Bellare, Meg Doherty, Gottfried O Hirnschall
Identifying women living with HIV, initiating them on lifelong antiretroviral treatment (ART), and retaining them in care are among the important challenges facing this generation of health care managers and public health researchers. Implementation research attempts to solve a wide range of implementation problems by trying to understand and work within real-world conditions to find solutions that have a measureable impact on the outcomes of interest. Implementation research is distinct from clinical research in many ways yet demands similar standards of conceptual thinking and discipline to generate robust evidence that can be, to some extent, generalized to inform policy and service delivery...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498178/supporting-implementation-research-to-improve-coverage-and-uptake-of-hiv-related-interventions
#16
Pierre Blais, Sylvia Sirivar, Joyce Seto
In 2015, Global Affairs Canada joined other members of the United Nations to establish the Sustainable Development Goals, which include the elimination of AIDS by 2030. Innovation is an important part of accelerating the response against HIV and ensuring success in eliminating AIDS by 2030. This is the reason Global Affairs Canada decided to partner with the World Health Organization, to support the INtegration and Scaling Up PMTCT through Implementation REsearch (INSPIRE) initiative, to learn how HIV interventions can be successfully integrated with other essential health services for mothers and children, especially among the most vulnerable populations...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497206/-current-status-of-teaching-in-lung-ultrasound-query-of-knowledge-utilization-need-and-preferred-teaching-method
#17
R Tomasi, J Aichner, M Heim, T Edrich, D Hinzmann, E Kochs, B Zwißler, P Scheiermann
BACKGROUND: Lung ultrasound (LUS) is a point-of-care technique which can quickly identify or rule out pathological findings. To date, it is unclear if knowledge about the use of LUS is readily available. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to identify how much knowledge about the use of LUS is present, if there is a need for teaching in LUS, as well as the preferred teaching method in LUS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 54 participants from two university departments of anesthesiology were randomized into the groups Online, Classroom, and Control...
May 11, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495811/randomised-controlled-trial-of-online-continuing-education-for-health-professionals-to-improve-the-management-of-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-a-study-protocol
#18
Sophie H Li, Carolina X Sandler, Sally M Casson, Joanne Cassar, Tina Bogg, Andrew R Lloyd, Benjamin K Barry
INTRODUCTION: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a serious and debilitating illness that affects between 0.2%-2.6% of the world's population. Although there is level 1 evidence of the benefit of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) and graded exercise therapy (GET) for some people with CFS, uptake of these interventions is low or at best untimely. This can be partly attributed to poor clinician awareness and knowledge of CFS and related CBT and GET interventions. This trial aims to evaluate the effect of participation in an online education programme, compared with a wait-list control group, on allied health professionals' knowledge about evidence-based CFS interventions and their levels of confidence to engage in the dissemination of these interventions...
May 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494656/in-service-training-for-increasing-teachers-adhd-knowledge-and-self-efficacy
#19
Alexandre Pascal Latouche, Michael Gascoigne
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to evaluate the efficacy of a brief in-service training workshop at increasing primary school teachers' ADHD knowledge and sense of self-efficacy. METHOD: Teachers from 10 schools participated in the study ( n = 274) and were allocated into either an intervention or waitlist control group. Teachers' ADHD knowledge and self-efficacy were assessed following the provision of a brief training workshop on ADHD. Knowledge and self-efficacy retention were also assessed at a 1-month follow-up...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488303/a-systematic-review-of-the-effectiveness-of-flipped-classrooms-in-medical-education
#20
REVIEW
Fei Chen, Angela M Lui, Susan M Martinelli
CONTEXT: There are inconsistent claims made about the effectiveness of the flipped classroom (FC) in medical education; however, the quality of the empirical evidence used to back up these claims is not evident. The aims of this review are to examine the scope and quality of studies on the FC teaching approach in medical education and to assess the effects of FCs on medical learning. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using the major electronic databases in 2016...
June 2017: Medical Education
keyword
keyword
92976
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"