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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035773/first-irish-and-tenth-case-of-small-bowel-obstruction-secondary-to-suprapubic-catheterisation-in-the-world-case-report-and-case-review-of-a-rare-complication-of-suprapubic-catheterisation
#1
Yasir Bashir, Quart Ul Ain, Muhammad Jouda, Osama Al Sahaf
INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous Suprapubic urinary bladder catheterisation (SPC) is a common procedure performed in cases of urinary retention where attempt to pass urethral catheter has failed. However, the procedure requires meticulous precision, vigilance and sound knowledge of anatomy, to avoid grave complications. We are reporting a very rare complication of Suprapubic catheterisation that is small bowel obstruction. Our case is first Irish and 10th global case of small bowel obstruction secondary to SPC...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034321/refractory-versus-resistant-hypertension-novel-distinctive-phenotypes
#2
Tanja Dudenbostel, Mohammed Siddiqui, Nitin Gharpure, David A Calhoun
Resistant hypertension (RHTN) is relatively common with an estimated prevalence of 10-20% of treated hypertensive patients. It is defined as blood pressure (BP) >140/90 mmHg treated with ≥3 antihypertensive medications, including a diuretic, if tolerated. Refractory hypertension is a novel phenotype of severe antihypertensive treatment failure. The proposed definition for refractory hypertension, i.e. BP >140/90 mmHg with use of ≥5 different antihypertensive medications, including a diuretic and a mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist (MRA) has been applied inconsistently...
September 2017: Journal of Nature and Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033675/considering-the-relationship-between-quantitative-parameters-and-prognostic-factors-in-breast-cancer-can-mean-standardized-uptake-value-be-an-alternative-to-maximum-standardized-uptake-value
#3
Reyhan Köroğlu, İsmail Köksal, Fikri Selçuk Şimşek, Fatma Gezer, Ersoy Kekilli, Bülent Ünal
It was aimed to investigate the correlation between maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), mean standardized uptake value (SUVmean), and retention index (RI), which represents the quantitative evaluation of the uptake of (18)F-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose ((18)F-FDG) used in positron emission tomography (PET) and clinicopathologic as well as biologic prognostic factors. Forty-one women with breast cancer who were histopathologically diagnosed were included in this study. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy was applied to all patients before PET/computed tomography (CT)...
October 2017: World Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027702/per1-gup1-and-cwh43-of-methylotrophic-yeast-ogataea-minuta-are-involved-in-cell-wall-integrity
#4
Xin-Xin Xu, Akiko Komatsuzaki, Yasunori Chiba, Xiao-Dong Gao, Takehiko Yoko-O
In eukaryotes, the glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) modification of many glycoproteins on the cell surface is highly conserved. The lipid moieties of GPI-anchored proteins undergo remodeling processes during their maturation. To date, the products of the PER1, GUP1, and CWH43 genes of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae have been shown to be involved in the lipid remodeling. Here, we focus on the putative GPI remodeling pathway in the methylotrophic yeast Ogataea minuta. We found that the O. minuta homologs of PER1, GUP1, and CWH43 are functionally compatible with those of S...
October 13, 2017: Yeast
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026976/reductive-evolution-of-chloroplasts-in-non-photosynthetic-plants-algae-and-protists
#5
REVIEW
Lucia Hadariová, Matej Vesteg, Vladimír Hampl, Juraj Krajčovič
Chloroplasts are generally known as eukaryotic organelles whose main function is photosynthesis. They perform other functions, however, such as synthesizing isoprenoids, fatty acids, heme, iron sulphur clusters and other essential compounds. In non-photosynthetic lineages that possess plastids, the chloroplast genomes have been reduced and most (or all) photosynthetic genes have been lost. Consequently, non-photosynthetic plastids have also been reduced structurally. Some of these non-photosynthetic or "cryptic" plastids were overlooked or unrecognized for decades...
October 12, 2017: Current Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024499/male-partner-involvement-on-initiation-and-sustainment-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-among-hiv-infected-post-partum-women-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Dorothy Ihekuna, Neal Rosenburg, William Nii Ayitey Menson, Semiu Olatunde Gbadamosi, John Olajide Olawepo, Adaeze Chike-Okoli, Chad Cross, Chima Onoka, Echezona E Ezeanolue
Exclusive Breastfeeding (EBF) among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected mothers is known to be associated with a sustained and significant reduction in HIV transmission and has the potential to reduce infant and under-five mortality. Research shows that EBF is not common in many HIV-endemic, resource-limited settings despite recommendations by the World Health Organization. Although evidence abounds that male partner involvement increases HIV testing and uptake and retention of prevention of mother-to-child transmission interventions, few studies have evaluated the impact of male partners' involvement and decision-making on initiation, maintenance, and sustainment of EBF...
October 10, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023223/point-prevalence-and-patterns-of-mental-health-co-morbidity-among-people-accessing-australia-s-first-older-adult-specific-alcohol-and-other-drug-treatment-service
#7
Stephen Bright, Katherine Walsh, Cylie Williams
OBJECTIVE: There is good data regarding the prevalence and patterns of dual diagnosis among the general population; however, data regarding the older adult cohort is limited. We aimed to extend the knowledge of the point prevalence and patterns of dual diagnosis among older adults, and the impact of dual diagnosis on the utilization of Alcohol and Other Drug (AOD) treatment services. METHOD: A 12 month medical chart audit of clients discharged from an Australian older adult-specific AOD treatment service...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994780/a-test-bed-to-examine-helmet-fit-and-retention-and-biomechanical-measures-of-head-and-neck-injury-in-simulated-impact
#8
Henry Y Yu, Brooklynn M Knowles, Christopher R Dennison
Conventional wisdom and the language in international helmet testing and certification standards suggest that appropriate helmet fit and retention during an impact are important factors in protecting the helmet wearer from impact-induced injury. This manuscript aims to investigate impact-induced injury mechanisms in different helmet fit scenarios through analysis of simulated helmeted impacts with an anthropometric test device (ATD), an array of headform acceleration transducers and neck force/moment transducers, a dual high speed camera system, and helmet-fit force sensors developed in our research group based on Bragg gratings in optical fiber...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993614/mammal-diversity-influences-the-carbon-cycle-through-trophic-interactions-in-the-amazon
#9
Mar Sobral, Kirsten M Silvius, Han Overman, Luiz F B Oliveira, Ted K Rabb, José M V Fragoso
Biodiversity affects many ecosystem functions and services, including carbon cycling and retention. While it is known that the efficiency of carbon capture and biomass production by ecological communities increases with species diversity, the role of vertebrate animals in the carbon cycle remains undocumented. Here, we use an extensive dataset collected in a high-diversity Amazonian system to parse out the relationship between animal and plant species richness, feeding interactions, tree biomass and carbon concentrations in soil...
October 9, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991980/biogas-digester-hydraulic-retention-time-affects-oxygen-consumption-patterns-and-greenhouse-gas-emissions-after-application-of-digestate-to-soil
#10
Quan Van Nguyen, Lars Stoumann Jensen, Roland Bol, Di Wu, Jin Mi Triolo, Ali Heidarzadeh Vazifehkhoran, Sander Bruun
Knowledge about environmental impacts associated with the application of anaerobic digestion residue to agricultural land is of interest owing to the rapid proliferation of biogas plants worldwide. However, virtually no information exists concerning how soil-emitted NO is affected by the feedstock hydraulic retention time (HRT) in the biogas digester. Here, the O planar optode technique was used to visualize soil O dynamics following the surface application of digestates of the codigestion of pig slurry and agro-industrial waste...
September 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987598/the-brazilian-market-of-herbal-medicinal-products-and-the-impacts-of-the-new-legislation-on-traditional-medicines
#11
Ana Cecília Bezerra Carvalho, Túlio Nader Lana, João Paulo Silvério Perfeito, Dâmaris Silveira
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: the herbal medicinal products (HMP) market is expanding in the world, an expansion that has not occurred in Brazil when considering the number of licensed products. Despite being a megadiverse country, the number of HMP licensed in Brazil is small, and the number of HMP obtained from native species is even smaller. A new legislation for herbal products licensing, which divides the products into two categories, Herbal Medicine (HM) and Traditional Herbal Product (THP) was launched in Brazil focusing on traditional use, as well as a law regulating the use of biodiversity and traditional knowledge...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986274/toward-a-model-of-human-information-processing-for-decision-making-and-skill-acquisition-in-laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery
#12
Eoin J White, Muireann McMahon, Michael T Walsh, J Calvin Coffey, Leonard O Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: To create a human information-processing model for laparoscopic surgery based on already established literature and primary research to enhance laparoscopic surgical education in this context. DESIGN: We reviewed the literature for information-processing models most relevant to laparoscopic surgery. Our review highlighted the necessity for a model that accounts for dynamic environments, perception, allocation of attention resources between the actions of both hands of an operator, and skill acquisition and retention...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985323/identification-of-mt-45-metabolites-in-silico-prediction-in-vitro-incubation-with-rat-hepatocytes-and-in-vivo-confirmation
#13
Camilla Montesano, Gabriele Vannutelli, Federico Fanti, Flaminia Vincenti, Adolfo Gregori, Anna Rita Togna, Isabella Canazza, Matteo Marti, Manuel Sergi
MT-45 is a synthetic opioid with a pharmacological activity comparable to morphine and it has been involved in intoxications and fatalities reported in Europe and in USA. It was recently subject to control measures, but to date the metabolic pathways of the substance are still unknown. Using rat hepatocytes and LC-HRMS, 14 novel Phase I and II MT-45 metabolites were identified, products of monohydroxylation, dihydroxylation and N-dealkylation; glucuronide conjugation of mono- and dihydroxylated metabolites also occurred...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981725/retention-of-7be-in-the-lungs-following-intake-by-inhalation
#14
O Aviv, H B Spitz, H Datz, S Halfon, Z Yungrais, J Koch
Several workers were internally exposed to 7Be particles following their dispersion in air from a damaged electrodeposited source. A series of in vivo measurements performed with one worker up to 108 days post exposure determined that retention of 7Be in the thoracic region of the respiratory tract was best described by a two-component exponential function with half-lives of ~0.4 and ~109 days. The initial deposition in the thoracic region was estimated to be 6.8 kBq. The concentration of 7Be in single void urine samples collected from this worker up to 3 days post intake ranged from 1 to 10 Bq/l...
July 28, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980410/the-pediatric-echocardiography-boot-camp-four-year-experience-and-impact-on-clinical-performance
#15
Shiraz A Maskatia, Antonio G Cabrera, Shaine A Morris, Carolyn A Altman
BACKGROUND: We previously reported on the short-term impact of an echocardiography "Boot Camp" on a single class of cardiology fellows (CF). The impact of the Boot Camp on performance throughout fellowship is unknown. METHODS: We enrolled four classes of CFs and two classes of cardiac ICU fellows (CVs) prospectively into the Boot Camp and compared CFs to a historical cohort. Experience with echocardiography was surveyed. Outcome measures included written pre- and post-Camp exams, a performance based test (PBT), self-efficacy assessments, numbers of echocardiograms performed, and echocardiogram quality during the last 3 months of fellowship...
October 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978342/ethnobotanical-study-of-medicinal-plants-used-against-human-ailments-in-gubalafto-district-northern-ethiopia
#16
Getnet Chekole
BACKGROUND: Traditional medicinal plant species documentation is very crucial in Ethiopia for biodiversity conservation, bioactive chemical extractions and indigenous knowledge retention. Having first observed the inhabitants of Gubalafto District (Northern Ethiopia), the author gathered, recorded, and documented the human traditional medicinal plant species and the associated indigenous knowledge. METHODS: The study was conducted from February 2013 to January 2015 and used descriptive field survey design...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970614/impact-of-standardized-simulated-patients-on-first-year-pharmacy-students-knowledge-retention-of-insulin-injection-technique-and-counseling-skills
#17
Riley Bowers, Robert Tunney, Kim Kelly, Beth Mills, Katie Trotta, C Neil Wheeless, Richard Drew
Objective. To compare pre- and post-intervention test scores assessing insulin injection technique and counseling skills among P1 students with (intervention) or without (control) simulated patients, and to compare counseling checklist and knowledge retention test scores between groups. Methods. This study utilized cluster randomization. In addition to traditional instruction, the intervention group counseled a simulated patient on the use of insulin using the teach-back method. Test score changes from baseline were analyzed via two-sample t-test...
August 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964538/the-role-of-the-ugly-duckling-sign-in-patient-education
#18
Muneeb Ilyas, Collin M Costello, Nan Zhang, Amit Sharma
BACKGROUND: The ABCDE (with A standing for asymmetry, B for border irregularity, C for color variegation, D for diameter larger than 6 mm, and E for evolution) rule for melanoma (MM) recognition is widely taught in the general population. The ugly duckling (UD) sign is an alternate MM recognition strategy that is not generally taught. OBJECTIVE: To compare the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of MM recognition with UD sign and the ABCD rule in a general population...
September 27, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964503/is-procedural-memory-enhanced-in-tourette-syndrome-evidence-from-a-sequence-learning-task
#19
Ádám Takács, Andrea Kóbor, Júlia Chezan, Noémi Éltető, Zsanett Tárnok, Dezso Nemeth, Michael T Ullman, Karolina Janacsek
Procedural memory, which is rooted in the basal ganglia, underlies the learning and processing of numerous automatized motor and cognitive skills, including in language. Not surprisingly, disorders with basal ganglia abnormalities have been found to show impairments of procedural memory. However, brain abnormalities could also lead to atypically enhanced function. Tourette syndrome (TS) is a candidate for enhanced procedural memory, given previous findings of enhanced TS processing of grammar, which likely depends on procedural memory...
September 9, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958916/how-can-the-depressed-mind-extract-and-remember-predictive-relationships-of-the-environment-evidence-from-implicit-probabilistic-sequence-learning
#20
Karolina Janacsek, Emőke Borbély-Ipkovich, Dezso Nemeth, Xénia Gonda
A growing body of evidence suggests that emotion and cognition are fundamentally intertwined; impairments in explicit, more effortful and attention-dependent cognitive functions have widely been observed in negative mood. Here we aimed to test how negative mood affects implicit cognition that is less susceptible to motivational and attentional factors associated with negative mood. Therefore, we examined implicit learning and retention of predictive relationships in patients with major depressive episode (MDE)...
September 25, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
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