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Suicide seasonality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415016/increase-in-suicides-the-months-after-the-death-of-robin-williams-in-the-us
#1
David S Fink, Julian Santaella-Tenorio, Katherine M Keyes
Investigating suicides following the death of Robin Williams, a beloved actor and comedian, on August 11th, 2014, we used time-series analysis to estimate the expected number of suicides during the months following Williams' death. Monthly suicide count data in the US (1999-2015) were from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Wide-ranging ONline Data for Epidemiologic Research (CDC WONDER). Expected suicides were calculated using a seasonal autoregressive integrated moving averages model to account for both the seasonal patterns and autoregression...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321054/the-association-between-daily-concentrations-of-air-pollution-and-visits-to-a-psychiatric-emergency-unit-a-case-crossover-study
#2
Anna Oudin, Daniel Oudin Åström, Peter Asplund, Steinn Steingrimsson, Zoltan Szabo, Hanne Krage Carlsen
BACKGROUND: Air pollution is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Experimental studies, and a few epidemiological studies, suggest that air pollution may cause acute exacerbation of psychiatric disorders, and even increase the rate of suicide attempts, but epidemiological studies on air pollution in association with psychiatric disorders are still few. Our aim was to investigate associations between daily fluctuations in air pollution concentrations and the daily number of visits to a psychiatric emergency unit...
January 10, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247901/temporal-distribution-of-suicide-mortality-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Pauliana Valéria Machado Galvão, Hugo Rafael Souza E Silva, Cosme Marcelo Furtado Passos da Silva
BACKGROUND: suicide is a problem with world impact and the leading cause of premature deaths. The study of its distribution over time can bring a changed understanding of parameters attributed to, and the prevention of, suicide. AIM: to identify the temporal pattern of suicide by systematic review. METHODS: Pubmed (Medline), LILACS, Virtual Health Library (VHL), Science Direct and Scopus (Elsevier), Web of Science (Thomson Reuters) and PsyNET (APA) were searched, using suicide-related descriptors and terms, for observational epidemiological studies of the temporal distribution of suicide...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179142/the-relationship-of-person-specific-eveningness-chronotype-greater-seasonality-and-less-rhythmicity-to-suicidal-behavior-a-literature-review
#4
REVIEW
Meredith E Rumble, Daniel Dickson, W Vaughn McCall, Andrew D Krystal, Doug Case, Peter B Rosenquist, Ruth M Benca
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological data have demonstrated seasonal and circadian patterns of suicidal deaths. Several reviews and meta-analyses have confirmed the relationship between sleep disturbance and suicidality. However, these reviews/meta-analyses have not focused on seasonal and circadian dysfunction in relation to suicidality, despite the common presence of this dysfunction in patients with mood disorders. Thus, the current literature review analyzed studies investigating person-specific chronotype, seasonality, and rhythmicity in relation to suicidal thoughts and behaviors...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145077/stability-of-the-diagnosis-of-seasonal-affective-disorder-in-a-long-term-prospective-study
#5
Marie-Laure Cléry-Melin, Philip Gorwood, Serge Friedman, Christian Even
BACKGROUND: Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is mainly characterized by a seasonal pattern of depressive recurrences over the years. However, few studies have been conducted on the long-term course of patients with SAD, whose findings raised questions about the diagnosis stability over time. This study aimed to better characterize the diagnosis evolution, and determine prognosis markers. METHODS: An initial cohort of 225 outpatients diagnosed as having a SAD, was assessed at baseline (T1) for clinical symptoms and response to bright light therapy...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141599/the-effect-of-seasonal-changes-and-climatic-factors-on-suicide-attempts-of-young-people
#6
Türkan Akkaya-Kalayci, Benjamin Vyssoki, Dietmar Winkler, Matthaeus Willeit, Nestor D Kapusta, Georg Dorffner, Zeliha Özlü-Erkilic
BACKGROUND: Seasonal changes and climatic factors like ambient temperature, sunlight duration and rainfall can influence suicidal behavior. METHODS: This study analyses the relationship between seasonal changes and climatic variations and suicide attempts in 2131 young patients in Istanbul, Turkey. RESULTS: In our study sample, there was an association between suicide attempts in youths and seasonal changes, as suicide attempts occurred most frequently during summer in females as well as in males...
November 15, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096617/effect-of-prohibiting-the-use-of-paraquat-on-pesticide-associated-mortality
#7
Jinyong Kim, Sang Do Shin, Seungmin Jeong, Gil Joon Suh, Young Ho Kwak
BACKGROUND: Paraquat is associated with a high rate of fatalities in acute poisoning. This study aimed to examine the association between the national public health policy that banned the use of paraquat and the incidence of pesticide-associated mortality. METHODS: All external causes of death from 2009 to 2013 of Korea were analyzed. The intervention was a national public health policy that annulled the authorized use (2011) and banned the purchase of paraquat (2012)...
November 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091777/assessment-of-sleep-quality-in-bipolar-euthymic-patients
#8
Necla Keskin, Lut Tamam, Nurgul Ozpoyraz
OBJECTIVE: Sleep quality is affected in bipolar disorder even in euthymic episodes. The aim of this study was to assess sleep quality in bipolar euthymic patients, determine related clinical characteristics and evaluate its effects on functionality. METHODS: A total of 122 outpatients were included. Scales were used to confirm that patients were euthymic. Mini Mental Test was performed to exclude patients with a diagnosis of dementia. A data form for socio-demographic features and clinical characteristics of bipolar disorder have been completed...
September 30, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061417/bipolar-disorder-in-asia-illness-course-and-contributing-factors
#9
REVIEW
Karthick Subramanian, Siddharth Sarkar, Shivanand Kattimani
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies analysing the course of Bipolar Disorder (BD) are relatively rare in the Asian context, contributing to the uncertainty regarding the prevalent course patterns and factors influencing such patterns. The current review identifies the regional characteristics of BD course patterns and the associated factors. METHODS: A review of the existing literature was done using 'PubMed' and 'Cochrane' databases which yielded 145 studies including those from all 48 Asian countries...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034647/seasonality-in-violent-and-nonviolent-methods-of-suicide-attempts-a-cross-sectional-study-on-systematic-registry-data
#10
Yousef Veisani, Ali Delpisheh, Kourosh Sayehmiri, Ghobad Moradi, Jafar Hassanzadeh
Little attention has been paid to seasonality in suicide in Iran. Time pattern in suicide deaths and suicide attempts for some related factors such as gender, mental disorders has been found. In present study, we focus on suicide methods and the association with seasonality and other putative covariates such as gender. Through a cross-sectional study, overall identified suicide attempts and suicide deaths in the province of Ilam from 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2014 were enrolled. We used Edwards' test for test of seasonality in suicide methods...
August 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020264/examining-the-association-between-temperature-and-emergency-room-visits-from-mental-health-related-outcomes-in-california
#11
Rupa Basu, Lyndsay Gavin, Dharshani Pearson, Keita Ebisu, Brian Malig
Temperature and morbidity has been explored previously. However, the association between temperature and mental health-related outcomes, including violence and self-harm, remains relatively unexamined. We obtained daily counts of mental health-related emergency room visits involving injuries with external cause from the California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development from 16 California climate zones from 2005 to 2013, and combined them with data on mean apparent temperature, a combination of temperature and humidity...
August 11, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955661/seasonality-and-time-patterns-in-attempted-suicide-in-ilam-province-of-iran-an-appraisal-of-current-data-of-2010-2014
#12
Yousef Veisani, Ali Delpisheh, Kourosh Sayehmiri, Ghobad Moradi, Jafar Hassanzadeh
Background: Seasonality in suicide has been investigated from the early 19th century to explore the productive environmental variables. Seasonality studies can provide information on prevention and interventions in suicide. In this study, we examined seasonality in suicide and aimed to explore the differences in seasonality between rural and urban areas, mental disorders, and genders. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, overall identified suicide cases in Ilam province from 21 March 2010 and 11 December 2014 were identified, using systematic registration suicide data (SRSD)...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945454/review-of-integrated-behavioral-health-in-primary-care-step-by-step-guidance-for-assessment-and-intervention-second-edition
#13
Stacy A Ogbeide
Reviews the book, Integrated Behavioral Health in Primary Care: Step-By-Step Guidance for Assessment and Intervention (Second Edition) by Anne C. Dobmeyer, Mark S. Oordt, Jeffrey L. Goodie, and Christopher L. Hunter (see record 2016-59132-000). This comprehensive book is well organized and covers many of the complex issues faced within the Primary Care Behavioral Health (PCBH) model and primary care setting: from uncontrolled type II diabetes to posttraumatic stress disorder. Primary care has changed since the initial release of this book, and the second edition covers many of these changes with up-to-date literature such as population health and the patient-centered medical home...
September 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832253/suicides-by-drowning-in-greece-findings-from-a-10-year-sample-2006-2015
#14
Antonios Paraschakis, Ioannis Michopoulos, Vasiliki Efstathiou, Christos Christodoulou, Ilias Boyokas, Athanassios Douzenis
We studied a sample of suicide victims from Greece's main port of Piraeus area (population: approx. 700,000 individuals) and investigated all suicides for the 10-year period 2006-2015, collecting data from the victims' forensic records at the Piraeus Department of Forensic Medicine. Sixty-nine (15.9%) out of 435 suicides were due to drowning, 51 (73.9%) males and 18 (26.1%) females. Drowning was the third most common suicide method with most in the sea (92.8%), fewer in wells (7.2%). Median age: males 52.2 years (standard deviation (SD): 20...
January 1, 2017: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807536/effectiveness-of-household-lockable-pesticide-storage-to-reduce-pesticide-self-poisoning-in-rural-asia-a-community-based-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Melissa Pearson, Chris Metcalfe, Shaluka Jayamanne, David Gunnell, Manjula Weerasinghe, Ravi Pieris, Chamil Priyadarshana, Duleeka W Knipe, Keith Hawton, Andrew H Dawson, Palitha Bandara, Dhammika deSilva, Indika Gawarammana, Michael Eddleston, Flemming Konradsen
BACKGROUND: Agricultural pesticide self-poisoning is a major public health problem in rural Asia. The use of safer household pesticide storage has been promoted to prevent deaths, but there is no evidence of effectiveness. We aimed to test the effectiveness of lockable household containers for prevention of pesticide self-poisoning. METHODS: We did a community-based, cluster-randomised controlled trial in a rural area of North Central Province, Sri Lanka. Clusters of households were randomly assigned (1:1), with a sequence computer-generated by a minimisation process, to intervention or usual practice (control) groups...
October 21, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760983/crop-damaging-temperatures-increase-suicide-rates-in-india
#16
Tamma A Carleton
More than three quarters of the world's suicides occur in developing countries, yet little is known about the drivers of suicidal behavior in poor populations. I study India, where one fifth of global suicides occur and suicide rates have doubled since 1980. Using nationally comprehensive panel data over 47 y, I demonstrate that fluctuations in climate, particularly temperature, significantly influence suicide rates. For temperatures above 20 °C, a 1 °C increase in a single day's temperature causes ∼70 suicides, on average...
August 15, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705214/demographic-and-clinical-characteristics-of-carbon-monoxide-poisoning-nationwide-data-between-1999-and-2012-in-taiwan
#17
Chien-Cheng Huang, Chung-Han Ho, Yi-Chen Chen, Hung-Jung Lin, Chien-Chin Hsu, Jhi-Joung Wang, Shih-Bin Su, How-Ran Guo
BACKGROUND: Carbon monoxide poisoning (COP) is not uncommon, but nationwide epidemiological data are limited. We conducted a study in Taiwan to fill the data gaps. METHODS: We used a nationwide poisoning database to study all COP patients in Taiwan diagnosed between 1999 and 2012. We conducted descriptive analyses and compared the differences between the two sexes. In addition, we assessed the trends in suicide and mortality rates from 1999 to 2012. RESULTS: We identified 25,912 COP patients with an almost equal female and male distribution (50...
July 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692905/prediction-of-outcome-of-bright-light-treatment-in-patients-with-seasonal-affective-disorder-discarding-the-early-response-confirming-a-higher-atypical-balance-and-uncovering-a-higher-body-mass-index-at-baseline-as-predictors-of-endpoint-outcome
#18
Tzvetelina D Dimitrova, Gloria M Reeves, Soren Snitker, Manana Lapidus, Aamar R Sleemi, Theodora G Balis, Partam Manalai, Muhammad M Tariq, Johanna A Cabassa, Naila N Karim, Mary A Johnson, Patricia Langenberg, Kelly J Rohan, Michael Miller, John W Stiller, Teodor T Postolache
BACKGROUND: We tested the hypothesis that the early improvement in mood after the first hour of bright light treatment compared to control dim-red light would predict the outcome at six weeks of bright light treatment for depressed mood in patients with Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD). We also analyzed the value of Body Mass Index (BMI) and atypical symptoms of depression at baseline in predicting treatment outcome. METHODS: Seventy-eight adult participants were enrolled...
November 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684714/spatio-temporal-analysis-of-suicide-related-emergency-calls
#19
Miriam Marco, Antonio López-Quílez, David Conesa, Enrique Gracia, Marisol Lila
Considerable effort has been devoted to incorporate temporal trends in disease mapping. In this line, this work describes the importance of including the effect of the seasonality in a particular setting related with suicides. In particular, the number of suicide-related emergency calls is modeled by means of an autoregressive approach to spatio-temporal disease mapping that allows for incorporating the possible interaction between both temporal and spatial effects. Results show the importance of including seasonality effect, as there are differences between the number of suicide-related emergency calls between the four seasons of each year...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676594/suicide-mortality-trends-in-four-provinces-of-iran-with-the-highest-mortality-from-2006-2016
#20
Hajar Nazari Kangavari, Ahmad Shojaei, Seyed Saeed Hashemi Nazari
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major cause of unnatural deaths in the world. Its incidence is higher in western provinces of Iran. So far, there has not been any time series analysis of suicide in western provinces. The purpose of this study was to analyze suicide mortality data from 2006 to 2016 as well as to forecast the number of suicides for 2017 in four provinces of Iran (Ilam, Kermanshah and Lorestan and Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad). STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive-analytic study...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
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