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Suicide seasonality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576974/searching-the-internet-for-psychiatric-disorders-among-arab-and-jewish-israelis-insights-from-a-comprehensive-infodemiological-survey
#1
Mohammad Adawi, Howard Amital, Mahmud Mahamid, Daniela Amital, Bishara Bisharat, Naim Mahroum, Kassem Sharif, Adi Guy, Amin Adawi, Hussein Mahagna, Arsalan Abu Much, Samaa Watad, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Abdulla Watad
Israel represents a complex and pluralistic society comprising two major ethno-national groups, Israeli Jews and Israeli Arabs, which differ in terms of religious and cultural values as well as social constructs. According to the so-called "diversification hypothesis", within the framework of e-health and in the era of new information and communication technologies, seeking online health information could be a channel to increase health literacy, especially among disadvantaged groups. However, little is known concerning digital seeking behavior and, in particular, digital mental health literacy...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535647/springtime-peaks-and-christmas-troughs-a-national-longitudinal-population-based-study-into-suicide-incidence-time-trends-in-the-netherlands
#2
Emma Hofstra, Iman Elfeddali, Marjan Bakker, Jacobus J de Jong, Chijs van Nieuwenhuizen, Christina M van der Feltz-Cornelis
Background: Time trends are one of the most studied phenomena in suicide research; however, evidence for time trends in the Dutch population remains understudied. Insight into time trends can contribute to the development of effective suicide prevention strategies. Methods: Time trends in national daily and monthly data of 33,224 suicide events that occurred in the Netherlands from 1995 to 2015 were examined, as well as the influence of age, gender, and province, in a longitudinal population-based design with Poisson regression analyses and Bayesian change point analyses...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531106/the-relationship-between-oseltamivir-and-suicide-in-pediatric-patients
#3
Rachel Harrington, Sruthi Adimadhyam, Todd A Lee, Glen T Schumock, James W Antoon
PURPOSE: Studies examining the association between use of oseltamivir and neuropsychiatric events (including suicide) among children have had mixed findings and have been limited by small sample size, reliance on older data, and potential confounding. We undertook an analysis that addresses these limitations. METHODS: Using a national administrative claims database and a case-crossover design that minimized confounding, we analyzed data from 5 contemporary influenza seasons (2009-2013) for individuals aged 1 to 18 years and ascertained oseltamivir exposure from pharmacy dispensing...
March 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529596/air-pollution-and-suicide-in-10-cities-in-northeast-asia-a-time-stratified-case-crossover-analysis
#4
Yoonhee Kim, Chris Fook Sheng Ng, Yeonseung Chung, Ho Kim, Yasushi Honda, Yue Leon Guo, Youn-Hee Lim, Bing-Yu Chen, Lisa A Page, Masahiro Hashizume
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence suggesting an association between air pollution and suicide. However, previous findings varied depending on the type of air pollutant and study location. OBJECTIVES: We examined the association between air pollutants and suicide in 10 large cities in South Korea, Japan, and Taiwan. METHODS: We used a two-stage meta-analysis. First, we conducted a time-stratified case-crossover analysis to estimate the short-term association between nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ), sulfur dioxide (SO 2 ), and particulate matter [aerodynamic diameter ≤10μm (PM10 ), aerodynamic diameter ≤2...
March 6, 2018: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525583/a-comparative-analysis-of-suicides-in-greece-s-main-port-city-area-of-piraeus-before-2006-2010-and-during-2011-2015-the-country-s-severe-economic-crisis
#5
Antonios Paraschakis, Ioannis Michopoulos, Vasiliki Efstathiou, Christos Christodoulou, Ilias Boyokas, Athanassios Douzenis
We investigated all cases of completed suicide in the city area of Piraeus -the largest port in Greece- for the years 2006 up to 2015. We searched, among others, parameters regarding the victims' psychiatric medication intake and drug and alcohol use that -to the best of our knowledge- had never been investigated before by a study on suicides in Greece within the crisis' years. We documented variations before (2006-2010) and during (2011-2015) crisis. Information was provided by the victims' forensic records at the Piraeus Department of Forensic Medicine...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516359/-time-related-aspects-of-suicides-suicide-frequency-related-to-birthday-major-holidays-day-of-the-week-season-month-of-birth-and-zodiac-signs
#6
Eberhard A Deisenhammer, Christoph Stiglbauer, Georg Kemmler
BACKGROUND: Suicides are generally the consequence of overchallenged coping strategies of individual for psychological, social or internal and external biological strain factors. Timing of the suicide, too, may be influenced by external factors. Studies so far have yielded in part inconsistent results concerning the association of suicides with particular days or periods of the year. Even less is known regarding a potential effect of the time of birth on suicide risk. METHODS: The Tyrol Suicide Register (TSR) provides data on suicides occurring in the Austrian State of Tyrol including birthday of the suicide victim and day of the suicide...
March 7, 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415016/increase-in-suicides-the-months-after-the-death-of-robin-williams-in-the-us
#7
David S Fink, Julian Santaella-Tenorio, Katherine M Keyes
Investigating suicides following the death of Robin Williams, a beloved actor and comedian, on August 11th, 2014, we used time-series analysis to estimate the expected number of suicides during the months following Williams' death. Monthly suicide count data in the US (1999-2015) were from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Wide-ranging ONline Data for Epidemiologic Research (CDC WONDER). Expected suicides were calculated using a seasonal autoregressive integrated moving averages model to account for both the seasonal patterns and autoregression...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321054/the-association-between-daily-concentrations-of-air-pollution-and-visits-to-a-psychiatric-emergency-unit-a-case-crossover-study
#8
Anna Oudin, Daniel Oudin Åström, Peter Asplund, Steinn Steingrimsson, Zoltan Szabo, Hanne Krage Carlsen
BACKGROUND: Air pollution is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Experimental studies, and a few epidemiological studies, suggest that air pollution may cause acute exacerbation of psychiatric disorders, and even increase the rate of suicide attempts, but epidemiological studies on air pollution in association with psychiatric disorders are still few. Our aim was to investigate associations between daily fluctuations in air pollution concentrations and the daily number of visits to a psychiatric emergency unit...
January 10, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247901/temporal-distribution-of-suicide-mortality-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Pauliana Valéria Machado Galvão, Hugo Rafael Souza E Silva, Cosme Marcelo Furtado Passos da Silva
BACKGROUND: suicide is a problem with world impact and the leading cause of premature deaths. The study of its distribution over time can bring a changed understanding of parameters attributed to, and the prevention of, suicide. AIM: to identify the temporal pattern of suicide by systematic review. METHODS: Pubmed (Medline), LILACS, Virtual Health Library (VHL), Science Direct and Scopus (Elsevier), Web of Science (Thomson Reuters) and PsyNET (APA) were searched, using suicide-related descriptors and terms, for observational epidemiological studies of the temporal distribution of suicide...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179142/the-relationship-of-person-specific-eveningness-chronotype-greater-seasonality-and-less-rhythmicity-to-suicidal-behavior-a-literature-review
#10
REVIEW
Meredith E Rumble, Daniel Dickson, W Vaughn McCall, Andrew D Krystal, Doug Case, Peter B Rosenquist, Ruth M Benca
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological data have demonstrated seasonal and circadian patterns of suicidal deaths. Several reviews and meta-analyses have confirmed the relationship between sleep disturbance and suicidality. However, these reviews/meta-analyses have not focused on seasonal and circadian dysfunction in relation to suicidality, despite the common presence of this dysfunction in patients with mood disorders. Thus, the current literature review analyzed studies investigating person-specific chronotype, seasonality, and rhythmicity in relation to suicidal thoughts and behaviors...
February 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145077/stability-of-the-diagnosis-of-seasonal-affective-disorder-in-a-long-term-prospective-study
#11
Marie-Laure Cléry-Melin, Philip Gorwood, Serge Friedman, Christian Even
BACKGROUND: Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is mainly characterized by a seasonal pattern of depressive recurrences over the years. However, few studies have been conducted on the long-term course of patients with SAD, whose findings raised questions about the diagnosis stability over time. This study aimed to better characterize the diagnosis evolution, and determine prognosis markers. METHODS: An initial cohort of 225 outpatients diagnosed as having a SAD, was assessed at baseline (T1) for clinical symptoms and response to bright light therapy...
February 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141599/the-effect-of-seasonal-changes-and-climatic-factors-on-suicide-attempts-of-young-people
#12
Türkan Akkaya-Kalayci, Benjamin Vyssoki, Dietmar Winkler, Matthaeus Willeit, Nestor D Kapusta, Georg Dorffner, Zeliha Özlü-Erkilic
BACKGROUND: Seasonal changes and climatic factors like ambient temperature, sunlight duration and rainfall can influence suicidal behavior. METHODS: This study analyses the relationship between seasonal changes and climatic variations and suicide attempts in 2131 young patients in Istanbul, Turkey. RESULTS: In our study sample, there was an association between suicide attempts in youths and seasonal changes, as suicide attempts occurred most frequently during summer in females as well as in males...
November 15, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096617/effect-of-prohibiting-the-use-of-paraquat-on-pesticide-associated-mortality
#13
Jinyong Kim, Sang Do Shin, Seungmin Jeong, Gil Joon Suh, Young Ho Kwak
BACKGROUND: Paraquat is associated with a high rate of fatalities in acute poisoning. This study aimed to examine the association between the national public health policy that banned the use of paraquat and the incidence of pesticide-associated mortality. METHODS: All external causes of death from 2009 to 2013 of Korea were analyzed. The intervention was a national public health policy that annulled the authorized use (2011) and banned the purchase of paraquat (2012)...
November 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091777/assessment-of-sleep-quality-in-bipolar-euthymic-patients
#14
Necla Keskin, Lut Tamam, Nurgul Ozpoyraz
OBJECTIVE: Sleep quality is affected in bipolar disorder even in euthymic episodes. The aim of this study was to assess sleep quality in bipolar euthymic patients, determine related clinical characteristics and evaluate its effects on functionality. METHODS: A total of 122 outpatients were included. Scales were used to confirm that patients were euthymic. Mini Mental Test was performed to exclude patients with a diagnosis of dementia. A data form for socio-demographic features and clinical characteristics of bipolar disorder have been completed...
January 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061417/bipolar-disorder-in-asia-illness-course-and-contributing-factors
#15
REVIEW
Karthick Subramanian, Siddharth Sarkar, Shivanand Kattimani
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies analysing the course of Bipolar Disorder (BD) are relatively rare in the Asian context, contributing to the uncertainty regarding the prevalent course patterns and factors influencing such patterns. The current review identifies the regional characteristics of BD course patterns and the associated factors. METHODS: A review of the existing literature was done using 'PubMed' and 'Cochrane' databases which yielded 145 studies including those from all 48 Asian countries...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034647/seasonality-in-violent-and-nonviolent-methods-of-suicide-attempts-a-cross-sectional-study-on-systematic-registry-data
#16
Yousef Veisani, Ali Delpisheh, Kourosh Sayehmiri, Ghobad Moradi, Jafar Hassanzadeh
Little attention has been paid to seasonality in suicide in Iran. Time pattern in suicide deaths and suicide attempts for some related factors such as gender, mental disorders has been found. In present study, we focus on suicide methods and the association with seasonality and other putative covariates such as gender. Through a cross-sectional study, overall identified suicide attempts and suicide deaths in the province of Ilam from 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2014 were enrolled. We used Edwards' test for test of seasonality in suicide methods...
August 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020264/examining-the-association-between-temperature-and-emergency-room-visits-from-mental-health-related-outcomes-in-california
#17
Rupa Basu, Lyndsay Gavin, Dharshani Pearson, Keita Ebisu, Brian Malig
Temperature and morbidity has been explored previously. However, the association between temperature and mental health-related outcomes, including violence and self-harm, remains relatively unexamined. We obtained daily counts of mental health-related emergency room visits involving injuries with external cause from the California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development from 16 California climate zones from 2005 to 2013, and combined them with data on mean apparent temperature, a combination of temperature and humidity...
August 11, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955661/seasonality-and-time-patterns-in-attempted-suicide-in-ilam-province-of-iran-an-appraisal-of-current-data-of-2010-2014
#18
Yousef Veisani, Ali Delpisheh, Kourosh Sayehmiri, Ghobad Moradi, Jafar Hassanzadeh
Background: Seasonality in suicide has been investigated from the early 19th century to explore the productive environmental variables. Seasonality studies can provide information on prevention and interventions in suicide. In this study, we examined seasonality in suicide and aimed to explore the differences in seasonality between rural and urban areas, mental disorders, and genders. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, overall identified suicide cases in Ilam province from 21 March 2010 and 11 December 2014 were identified, using systematic registration suicide data (SRSD)...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945454/review-of-integrated-behavioral-health-in-primary-care-step-by-step-guidance-for-assessment-and-intervention-second-edition
#19
Stacy A Ogbeide
Reviews the book, Integrated Behavioral Health in Primary Care: Step-By-Step Guidance for Assessment and Intervention (Second Edition) by Anne C. Dobmeyer, Mark S. Oordt, Jeffrey L. Goodie, and Christopher L. Hunter (see record 2016-59132-000). This comprehensive book is well organized and covers many of the complex issues faced within the Primary Care Behavioral Health (PCBH) model and primary care setting: from uncontrolled type II diabetes to posttraumatic stress disorder. Primary care has changed since the initial release of this book, and the second edition covers many of these changes with up-to-date literature such as population health and the patient-centered medical home...
September 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832253/suicides-by-drowning-in-greece-findings-from-a-10-year-sample-2006-2015
#20
Antonios Paraschakis, Ioannis Michopoulos, Vasiliki Efstathiou, Christos Christodoulou, Ilias Boyokas, Athanassios Douzenis
We studied a sample of suicide victims from Greece's main port of Piraeus area (population: approx. 700,000 individuals) and investigated all suicides for the 10-year period 2006-2015, collecting data from the victims' forensic records at the Piraeus Department of Forensic Medicine. Sixty-nine (15.9%) out of 435 suicides were due to drowning, 51 (73.9%) males and 18 (26.1%) females. Drowning was the third most common suicide method with most in the sea (92.8%), fewer in wells (7.2%). Median age: males 52.2 years (standard deviation (SD): 20...
January 1, 2017: Medico-legal Journal
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