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Biopsychosocial models

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689186/a-call-to-reexamine-quality-of-life-through-relationship-based-feeding
#1
Patricia A Henton
Feeding interventions that support family relationships enhance children's daily participation in meaningful occupations at home. A critical review of the literature yielded several premises that support the development of a relationship-based feeding framework. The proposed theoretical framework, based on the Biopsychosocial Model of Pediatric Feeding (Berlin, Davies, Lobato, & Silverman, 2009) and the Ecological Model of Occupation (Dunn, Brown, & Youngstrom, 2003), is presented to guide feeding interventions for children with significant feeding difficulties...
May 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686550/evidence-based-pain-medicine-for-primary-care-physicians
#2
REVIEW
Graves T Owen, Brian M Bruel, C M Schade, Maxim S Eckmann, Erik C Hustak, Mitchell P Engle
The last several decades have seen a marked increase in both the recognition and treatment of chronic pain. Unfortunately, patients frequently misunderstand both the nature of pain and the best practices for its treatment. Because primary care physicians treat the majority of chronic pain, they are ideally situated to provide evidence-based pain care. The majority of the medical evidence supports a biopsychosocial model of pain that integrates physical, emotional, social, and cultural variables. The goal of this primer is to assist primary care physicians in their understanding of pain, evaluation of the chronic pain patient, and ability to direct evidence-based care...
January 2018: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685808/in-defence-of-the-biopsychosocial-model
#3
Linda Gask
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683759/factor-structure-of-the-german-version-of-the-pain-attitudes-and-beliefs-scale-for-physiotherapists
#4
Brunner Emanuel, Meichtry André, Kieran O'Sullivan, Se-Sergio Baldew, Dankaerts Wim, Probst Michel
The Pain Attitudes and Beliefs Scale for Physiotherapists (PABS-PT) is a questionnaire that is frequently used to measure the treatment orientation of physiotherapists and other healthcare providers toward low back pain (LBP). Previous validation studies of the PABS-PT have reported consistently that exploratory factor analysis (EFA) yielded a two-factor model with the factors "biomedical" and "biopsychosocial." However, there remain concerns regarding the composition of these two factors and the internal consistency of the "biopsychosocial" factor...
April 23, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683691/veterans-with-recent-substance-use-and-aggression-ptsd-substance-use-and-social-network-behaviors
#5
Minden B Sexton, Alan K Davis, Katherine R Buchholz, Jamie J Winters, Sheila A M Rauch, Maegan Yzquibell, Erin E Bonar, Steven Friday, Stephen T Chermack
OBJECTIVE: Violence is a salient concern among veterans, yet relationships between psychiatric comorbidity, social networks, and aggression are poorly understood. We examined associations between biopsychosocial factors (substance use, posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD], and social network behaviors) with aggression. METHOD: We recruited veterans endorsing past-year aggression and substance use (N = 180) from Department of Veterans Affairs outpatient treatment clinics...
April 23, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680521/successful-performance-and-cardiovascular-markers-of-challenge-and-threat-a-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Maciej Behnke, Lukasz D Kaczmarek
Cardiovascular responses to challenge and threat have been used extensively in psychophysiological research. In this meta-analysis, we scrutinized the body of evidence for the role of challenge and threat hemodynamic responses in predicting positive behavioral outcomes, i.e., performance quality. We accounted for cardiac output (CO), total peripheral resistance (TPR), and Challenge-Threat Index (CTI). With 17 articles covering 19 studies (total N = 1045), we observed that the literature might have been biased towards positive results...
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676966/an-alternative-perspective-on-assistive-technology-the-person-environment-tool-pet-model
#7
Gustav Jarl, Lars-Olov Lundqvist
The medical and social models of disability are based on a dichotomy that categorizes people as able-bodied or disabled. In contrast, the biopsychosocial model, which forms the basis for the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), suggests a universalistic perspective on human functioning, encompassing all human beings. In this article we argue that the artificial separation of function-enhancing technology into assistive technology (AT) and mainstream technology might be one of the barriers to a universalistic view of human functioning...
April 20, 2018: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670003/stress-and-alterations-in-the-pain-matrix-a-biopsychosocial-perspective-on-back-pain-and-its-prevention-and-treatment
#8
Pia-Maria Wippert, Christine Wiebking
The genesis of chronic pain is explained by a biopsychosocial model. It hypothesizes an interdependency between environmental and genetic factors provoking aberrant long-term changes in biological and psychological regulatory systems. Physiological effects of psychological and physical stressors may play a crucial role in these maladaptive processes. Specifically, long-term demands on the stress response system may moderate central pain processing and influence descending serotonergic and noradrenergic signals from the brainstem, regulating nociceptive processing at the spinal level...
April 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669442/experiences-of-nursing-home-staff-using-the-targeted-interdisciplinary-model-for-evaluation-and-treatment-of-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-time-a-qualitative-study
#9
Bjørn Lichtwarck, Janne Myhre, Alka R Goyal, Anne Marie Mork Rokstad, Geir Selbaek, Øyvind Kirkevold, Sverre Bergh
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) in dementia pose great challenges for residents and staff in nursing homes. The Targeted Interdisciplinary Model for Evaluation and Treatment of Neuropsychiatric Symptoms (TIME) has recently in a randomized controlled trial demonstrated reductions in NPS. We explored the participating staff's experiences with the model and how it meets the challenges when dealing with the complexity of NPS. METHODS: Three to six months after the end of the intervention, we interviewed 32 of the caregivers, leaders, and physicians participating in the trial, in five focus groups...
April 19, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661136/effects-of-a-community-health-promotion-program-on-social-factors-in-a-vulnerable-older-adult-population-residing-in-social-housing
#10
Gina Agarwal, Madison Brydges
BACKGROUND: Supporting older adults' health and wellbeing in the community is an important policy goal that can be supported by health promotion. Despite widespread acceptance of the biopsychosocial model of health and its relation to health, many health promotion programs fail to realize this model in program design. Further, there is limited evidence to support program design targeting social determinants of health such as social isolation or connectedness. To fill this gap, we aimed to understand older adult's experiences participating in cardiovascular health promotion program in a subsidized residential building to capture unintended 'spin-off' psychosocial effects...
April 16, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660743/-rehabilitation-after-multiple-trauma
#11
Stefan Simmel
Many polytrauma patients report significant long-term impairments to their physical and mental health, resulting in a reduction of their quality of life. In addition to the obvious physical accident sequences, psychological influences and the individual context factors pose special challenges to the rehabilitation team and the infrastructure of the facility. Professional reintegration and chronic pain are particularly common problems in the trauma rehabilitation. The central task of rehabilitation after accidents is the restoration or substantial improvement of the functional health and thus the reintegration into the social and professional environment...
April 2018: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655971/predictive-validity-and-gender-differences-in-a-biopsychosocial-model-of-violence-risk-assessment-in-acute-psychiatry
#12
Bjørn Magne S Eriksen, Ann Færden, Øyvind Lockertsen, Stål Bjørkly, John Olav Roaldset
Current violence risk assessment methods seem to have reached an upper limit of accuracy. More comprehensive biopsychosocial models may improve on existing methods. Research on gender differences concerning risk factors of violence is scarce and inconclusive. In this prospective study from an acute psychiatric ward, all patients admitted from March 2012 to March 2013 were included. Predictive validity and potential gender differences in a biopsychosocial model of violence risk assessment consisting of a psychosocial checklist (Violence risk screening-10, V-RISK-10), a patient's self-report risk scale (SRS), total cholesterol (TC) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) were examined in an inpatient (N = 348) and a 3-months follow-up (N = 101) sample...
April 9, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649515/a-biopsychosocial-model-of-body-image-disordered-eating-and-breastfeeding-among-postpartum-women
#13
Rachel F Rodgers, Jennifer L O'Flynn, Althea Bourdeau, Emily Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: The aim of the current study was to test a biopsychosocial model of body image, eating, and feeding attitudes among postpartum women. Specifically, the model predicted that desired weight-loss, depressive symptoms, and body surveillance would predict body dissatisfaction and appearance-related barriers to breastfeeding, which in turn would predict maternal disordered eating and breastfeeding self-efficacy. METHODS: Data from 151 women, mean age = 32...
April 9, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628804/a-preliminary-study-of-chiropractors-beliefs-about-biomedical-and-biopsychosocial-pain-a-survey-of-university-of-western-states-alumni
#14
Suzanne D Lady, Mitchell Haas, Ryan Takagi, Leslie Takaki
Objective: The purpose of this preliminary study was to investigate differences between doctors of chiropractic with respect to their preference for the biomedical or biopsychosocial attitude and belief models. Methods: Alumni of the University of Western States doctor of chiropractic program were asked to complete an online survey that included the Pain Attitudes and Beliefs Scale for Physiotherapists. This scale yields a biomedical score (10-60 scale) and a biopsychosocial score (9-54 scale)...
March 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605984/connecting-our-gut-feeling-and-how-our-gut-feels-the-role-of-well-being-attributes-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#15
Ashkan Farhadi, Dwaine Banton, Laurie Keefer
Background/Aims: There is a close relationship between the mind and gut in the pathogenesis of functional bowel disorders. Common psychological disturbances such as depression and anxiety are not uncommon in those with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). There is little research investigating the role of positive psychology and gastrointestinal (GI) conditions. In this pilot study we investigated the well-being attributes in those with and without IBS. Methods: We used an anonymous online survey and recruited 416 study subjects using social media as the main method of recruitment...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588615/management-of-pain-in-patients-with-temporomandibular-disorder-tmd-challenges-and-solutions
#16
REVIEW
Alfonso Gil-Martínez, Alba Paris-Alemany, Ibai López-de-Uralde-Villanueva, Roy La Touche
Thanks to advances in neuroscience, biopsychosocial models for diagnostics and treatment (including physical, psychological, and pharmacological therapies) currently have more clinical support and scientific growth. At present, a conservative treatment approach prevails over surgery, given it is less aggressive and usually results in satisfactory clinical outcomes in mild-moderate temporomandibular disorder (TMD). The aim of this review is to evaluate the recent evidence, identify challenges, and propose solutions from a clinical point of view for patients with craniofacial pain and TMD...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29583070/a-developmental-cascade-perspective-of-pediatric-obesity-conceptual-model-and-scoping-review
#17
Justin D Smith, Kaitlyn N Egan, Zorash Montaño, Spring Dawson-McClure, Danielle E Jake-Schoffman, Madeline Larson, Sara M St George
Considering the vast ongoing challenge of preventing obesity, the time has come to reconceptualize and change the way we study the development of obesity in childhood. The developmental cascade model, which refers to the cumulative consequences and spreading downstream effects of risk and protective factors, offers a longitudinal framework for understanding obesity. This perspective elucidates the way an accumulation of risk factors, across and within biopsychosocial spheres and phases of development, can propel individuals toward obesity...
March 27, 2018: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580454/characterizing-mobility-limitations-among-older-african-american-men
#18
Jamie A Mitchell, Vicki Johnson-Lawrence, Ed-Dee G Williams, Roland Thorpe
This study represents an effort to contribute to the limited body of research on biopsychosocial contextual factors that influence or contribute to mobility limitations for older African American men. Specifically, we were interested in examining associations between socio-demographic, physical and emotional health experiences with mobility limitations. A secondary analysis of 1666 older African American men was performed to investigate socio-demographic, mental and physical health correlates to a specific measures of mobility limitation...
April 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579294/topical-review-perfectionism-and-pediatric-chronic-pain-theoretical-underpinnings-assessment-and-treatment
#19
Edin T Randall, Laura S Gray, Angela A Fletcher
Objective: To use the biopsychosocial model and current literature to clarify conceptual underpinnings between chronic pain and perfectionism in youth, provide recommendations for assessment and treatment of co-existing perfectionism and chronic pain conditions, and suggest a research agenda. Methods: Current literature is used to identify biopsychosocial factors common between pediatric chronic pain and perfectionism, preliminary research findings are presented, and suggestions are made for research that will help inform inclusion and adaptations of assessment tools and interventions to address perfectionism...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577529/quality-of-life-in-children-with-developmental-language-disorder
#20
Patricia Eadie, Laura Conway, Birgit Hallenstein, Fiona Mensah, Cristina McKean, Sheena Reilly
BACKGROUND: Developmental language disorder (DLD) is common in children, but little is known about its association with quality of life (QoL) in middle childhood. QoL is a complex construct, aligning with an individual's sense of well-being and is related to functional limitations associated with DLD. Biopsychosocial models of disability account for both the extent and functional limitations of the impairment; however, the DLD literature rarely reports on both aspects. Studies are required that detail QoL in children with and without DLD...
March 25, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
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