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Biopsychosocial models

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637605/-i-need-to-do-another-course-italian-physiotherapists-knowledge-and-beliefs-when-assessing-psychosocial-factors-in-patients-presenting-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#1
Giacomo Zangoni, Oliver P Thomson
OBJECTIVES: Psychosocial factors play an important role in the development and subsequent recovery of individuals suffering from chronic low back pain (CLBP). The study explored physiotherapists' personal beliefs and knowledge about the biopsychosocial model and the different ways they assess and manage psychosocial factors in patients presenting with CLBP. METHODS: Qualitative research design using semi-structured interviews and a constructivist grounded theory approach to data collection and analysis...
February 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637132/international-employee-perspectives-on-disability-management
#2
Shannon Wagner, Nicholas Buys, Ignatius Yu, Thomas Geisen, Henry Harder, Christine Randall, Alex Fraess-Phillips, Benedikt Hassler, Liz Scott, Karen Lo, Dan Tang, Caroline Howe
PURPOSE: To provide an international analysis of employees' views of the influence of disability management (DM) on the workplace. METHODOLOGY: An international research team with representation from Australia, Canada, China, and Switzerland collected survey data from employees in public and private companies in their respective regions. Due to lack of availability of current measures, a research team-created survey was used and a total of 1201 respondents were collected across the four countries...
February 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629291/chronic-pain-care
#3
Jessie Dezutter, Martin Offenbaecher, Miguel A Vallejo, Siebrecht Vanhooren, Evalyne Thauvoye, Loren Toussaint
Objective Experiencing pain not only affects patients' biopsychosocial functioning but also the existential domain. Attention to the existential, in addition to the biopsychosocial domains, might thus be important in chronic pain care. Therefore, we investigated: (a) how satisfied patients were with the attention of their practitioners to the impact of pain on biological, psychological, social, and existential life domains, and (b) how satisfaction with each domain was related to patient functioning. Method Pain patients ( N = 163) were questioned on their satisfaction with the attention of their practitioners to biological, psychological, social, and existential life domains, and on pain intensity, pain disability, life satisfaction, and depressive symptoms...
August 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619697/depression-and-pain-in-asian-americans-and-whites-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#4
Hyochol Ahn, Michael Weaver, Debra Lyon, Eunyoung Choi, Roger B Fillingim
Few studies have examined the underlying psychosocial mechanisms of pain in Asian Americans. Using the biopsychosocial model, we sought to determine whether variations in depression contribute to racial group differences in symptomatic knee osteoarthritis pain between Asian Americans and non-Hispanic whites. The sample consisted of 100 participants, including 50 Asian Americans (28 Korean Americans, 9 Chinese Americans, 7 Japanese Americans, 5 Filipino Americans, and 1 Indian American) and 50 age- and sex-matched non-Hispanic whites with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis pain...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617022/reducing-hospital-readmission-through-team-based-primary-care-a-7-week-pilot-study-integrating-behavioral-health-and-pharmacy
#5
Lauren N DeCaporale-Ryan, Nabila Ahmed-Sarwar, Robbyn Upham, Karen Mahler, Katie Lashway
INTRODUCTION: A team-based service delivery model was applied to provide patients with biopsychosocial care following hospital discharge to reduce hospital readmission. Most previous interventions focused on transitions of care occurred in the inpatient setting with attention to predischarge strategies. These interventions have not considered psychosocial stressors, and few have explored management in primary care settings. METHOD: A 7-week team-based service delivery model was implemented in a family medicine practice emphasizing a biopsychosocial approach...
June 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606909/-treated-as-a-number-not-treated-as-a-person-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-perceived-barriers-to-effective-pain-management-of-patients-with-chronic-pain
#6
Muhammad Abdul Hadi, David Phillip Alldred, Michelle Briggs, Kathryn Marczewski, S José Closs
OBJECTIVES: To identify barriers to effective pain management encountered by patients with chronic pain within the UK's National Health Service (NHS). DESIGN: Secondary analysis of face-to-face, semistructured qualitative interviews using thematic analysis. SETTING: A community-based chronic pain clinic jointly managed by a nurse and pharmacist located in the North of England. PARTICIPANTS: Nineteen adult (>18 years) patients with chronic pain discharged from a pain clinic, with the ability to understand and speak the English language...
June 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600377/serious-gaming-during-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-for-patients-with-complex-chronic-pain-or-fatigue-complaints-study-protocol-for-a-controlled-trial-and-process-evaluation
#7
Miel A P Vugts, Margot C W Joosen, Agali Mert, Aglaia Zedlitz, Hubertus J M Vrijhoef
INTRODUCTION: Many individuals suffer from chronic pain or functional somatic syndromes and face boundaries for diminishing functional limitations by means of biopsychosocial interventions. Serious gaming could complement multidisciplinary interventions through enjoyment and independent accessibility. A study protocol is presented for studying whether, how, for which patients and under what circumstances, serious gaming improves patient health outcomes during regular multidisciplinary rehabilitation...
June 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598710/the-use-of-yoga-by-physical-therapists-in-the-united-states
#8
Mary E Wims, Shayla M McIntyre, Ann York, Laura G Covill
How physical therapists (PTs) in the United States currently use yoga in their clinical practices is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine how PTs in the United States view yoga as a physical therapy (PT) tool and how PTs use yoga therapeutically. The authors conducted a 24-item survey via electronic communications of the Geriatric, Orthopedic, Pediatric, and Women's Health Sections of the American Physical Therapy Association. Participants (n = 333) from 47 states and the District of Columbia replied...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595897/system-influences-on-work-disability-due-to-low-back-pain-an-international-evidence-synthesis
#9
REVIEW
Serena Bartys, Pernille Frederiksen, Tom Bendix, Kim Burton
Work disability due to low back pain is a significant global health concern. Current policy and practice aimed at tackling this problem is largely informed by the biopsychosocial model. Resultant interventions have demonstrated some small-scale success, but they have not created a widespread decrease in work disability. This may be explained by the under-representation of the less measurable aspects in the biopsychosocial evidence base; namely the influence of relevant systems. Thus, a 'best-evidence' synthesis was conducted to collate the evidence on how compensatory (worker's compensation and disability benefits), healthcare and family systems (spouse/partner/close others) can act as obstacles to work participation for those with low back pain...
June 3, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594600/psychosocial-and-environmental-factors-in-the-prognosis-of-individuals-with-chronic-pain-and-comorbid-mental-health
#10
Valerie Hruschak, Gerald Cochran
Chronic pain has considerable medical, social, and economic implications as its high prevalence rate and negative societal burden provides justification that it is a major health issue. The value of understanding psychological, social, and environmental factors in chronic pain has become widely recognized and accepted as a biopsychosocial phenomenon in which the social work perspective offers a valuable lens. Through the critical application of systems theory and ecological perspective, accompanied with the diathesis stress model, this article examines psychosocial and environmental influences as being contributory factors in the prognosis of individuals with chronic pain and comorbid mental health disorders...
June 8, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593041/the-biopsychosocial-model-and-chiropractic-a-commentary-with-recommendations-for-the-chiropractic-profession
#11
Jordan A Gliedt, Michael J Schneider, Marion W Evans, Jeff King, James E Eubanks
There is an increasing awareness, interest and acceptance of the biopsychosocial (BPS) model by all health care professionals involved with patient care. The areas of spine care and pain medicine are no exception, and in fact, these areas of health care are a major centerpiece of the movement from the traditional biomedical model to a BPS model of patient assessment and delivery of care. The chiropractic approach to health care has a history that is grounded in key aspects of the BPS model. The profession has inherently implemented certain features of the BPS model throughout its history, perhaps without a full understanding or realization...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590144/pharmacological-treatment-of-depression-in-geriatric-chronic-pain-patients-a-biopsychosocial-approach-integrating-functional-restoration
#12
Peter Polatin, Kelley Bevers, Robert J Gatchel
A recent literature review concluded that the comorbidity of chronic pain and depression in adults is approximately 50%-65%. Physical and cognitive declines, concurrent multiple health conditions, and complex medication regimens add to the unique and complex challenges of effectively treating pain in particularly geriatric populations. Interdisciplinary medical intervention and monitoring for psychiatric sequelae, such as depression, cognitive change, and synergistic physical side effects are necessary. Areas covered: This review covers an extensive multi-database wide search of the pharmacotherapy of pain and depression in older adults, including biopsychosocial approaches...
June 14, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582941/fostering-functioning-of-workers-a-new-challenge-for-prevention-in-occupational-health
#13
Ludovic G P M van Amelsvoort, Carin P M de Brouwer, Yvonne F Heerkens, Guy A M Widdershoven, IJmert Kant
Given large changes in working conditions and society, occupational health care has to prioritize its efforts towards fostering health and functioning of workers and as such promote work participation. This requires that more emphasis is given on the application of biopsychological models in the care of workers. Although a biopsychological approach is often mentioned as essential part of occupational health care, it's application is often hampered in practice, by practical barriers and lack of practical knowledge...
June 1, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582940/experiences-of-occupational-physicians-with-the-implementation-of-indicated-prevention-for-long-term-sickness-absence
#14
C P M de Brouwer, P Verdonk, L G P M van Amelsvoort, N W H Jansen, I J Kant, G A M Widdershoven
BACKGROUND: Functioning including work participation, is an emerging challenge in occupational health. The prevention of long term sickness absence (LTSA) through a strategy involving screening and structured early consultation (preventive strategy) was proven effective and can address participation issues. Implementation of this strategy has proven difficult. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the experiences of occupational physicians (OPs) delivering a structured early consultation to office workers, in order to enhance implementation of the strategy...
June 1, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580031/the-meaning-of-voices-in-understanding-and-treating-psychosis-moving-towards-intervention-informed-by-collaborative-formulation
#15
REVIEW
Aoife Lonergan
From a medical perspective, hearing voices is perceived as a symptom of mental illness and their content as largely irrelevant. The effectiveness of antipsychotic medication has made it central to the treatment of psychosis. However pharmacological treatment alone is rarely sufficient for this disabling condition. This review examined the feasibility of formulating an understanding of the meaning of voices in psychosis to inform intervention. Examination of the literature demonstrated the need for a paradigm shift to a recovery model, drawing on biopsychosocial factors in formulating an understanding of the meaning of voices in the context of a person's life...
May 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572778/models-of-disability-in-children-s-pretend-play-measurement-of-cognitive-representations-and-affective-expression-using-the-affect-in-play-scale
#16
Stefano Federici, Fabio Meloni, Antonio Catarinella, Claudia Mazzeschi
Play is a natural mode of children's expression and constitutes a fundamental aspect of their life. Cognitive, affective, and social aspects can be assessed through play, considered as a "window" to observe a child's functioning. According to Russ's model, cognitive and affective components and their reciprocal connections can be assessed through the Affect in Play Scale (APS). The aim of the present study was to investigate children's representations of the three main models of disability (medical, social, and biopsychosocial) and how these models affected cognitive and affective components of children's play...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569533/evaluation-of-a-concentric-biopsychosocial-model-of-well-being-in-persons-with-spinal-cord-injuries
#17
Susan Miller Smedema
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate a concentric biopsychosocial model of well-being in individuals with spinal cord injuries (SCI). METHOD: Adults (N = 235) with SCI participated in this study. A cross-sectional design with hierarchical regression and Andrew Hayes' (2013) PROCESS mediation analysis procedure was used to evaluate the model. RESULTS: Each step of the hierarchical regression on life satisfaction, in which biological variables were entered first, social variables were entered second, and psychological variables were entered third, was significant...
May 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548307/developmental-cascade-and-transactional-associations-among-biological-and-behavioral-indicators-of-temperament-and-maternal-behavior
#18
Nicole B Perry, Jessica M Dollar, Susan D Calkins, Martha Ann Bell
An empirical model of temperament that assessed transactional and cascade associations between respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), negative affectivity, and the caregiving environment (i.e., maternal intrusiveness) across three time points during infancy (N = 388) was examined. Negative affectivity at 5 months was associated positively with maternal intrusiveness at 10 months, which in turn predicted increased negative affectivity at 24 months. RSA at 5 months was associated positively with negative affectivity at 10 months, which subsequently predicted greater RSA at 24 months...
May 26, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538538/the-biopsychosocial-model-of-low-back-pain-and-patient-centered-outcomes-following-lumbar-fusion
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538537/the-biopsychosocial-model-of-low-back-pain-and-patient-centered-outcomes-following-lumbar-fusion
#20
Maureen P Lall, Elizabeth Restrepo
Lumbar fusion is a surgical procedure performed to eliminate painful motion in a spinal segment by joining, or fusing, two or more vertebrae. Although the surgery has a high rate of producing radiographic fusion, many patients report pain, functional disability, an inability to return to work, and prolonged opioid pain reliever use following the procedure. Using the biopsychosocial model of low back pain as a framework, this review of the literature describes the biological, psychological, and social factors that have been associated with these negative outcomes...
May 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
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