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Biopsychosocial models

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226996/breast-and-gynecological-cancer-patients-risk-factors-associated-with-biopsychosocial-problem-related-distress
#1
Cristiane Decat Bergerot, Karen Lynn Clark, Richard Obenchain, Errol J Philip, Matthew Loscalzo
OBJECTIVES: Inequalities exist between breast and gynecological cancer patients' experiences, leading to high levels of distress throughout the cancer journey. The present study aims to identify differences in source of biopsychosocial problem-related distress between women diagnosed with breast or gynecological cancers. METHODS: From 2009 to 2016 women with breast (n=2,111) and gynecological (n=641) cancers were screened using the core items of the instrument You, Your Family, and City of Hope are a Team...
December 11, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211157/social-protection-and-public-policy-for-vulnerable-populations-an-assessment-of-the-continuous-cash-benefit-program-of-welfare-in-brazil
#2
Cristina Maria Rabelais Duarte, Miguel Abud Marcelino, Cristiano Siqueira Boccolini, Patrícia de Moraes Mello Boccolini
This paper describes the historical development and profile of Continuous Cash Benefit (BPC) applicants, intended for poor elderly and people with disabilities, which, since 2009, uses eligibility criteria based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) of the WHO and is aligned with the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The behavior of benefits was determined from the analysis the coefficients of the general and non-judicial grants between 1998 and 2014...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210455/examining-differentiation-of-self-as-a-mediator-in-the-biobehavioral-family-model
#3
Jacob B Priest
The Biobehavioral Family Model (BBFM) is a biopsychosocial model of health. This model proposes that biobehavioral reactivity mediates the association between the family emotional climate and disease activity. To improve the clinical relevance of the BBFM, variables that mediate the association between family emotional climate and biobehavioral reactivity need to be tested. This study examined differentiation of self as a mediator. Using data from the Midlife Development in the United States study (n = 854), results suggested that differentiation of self mediated the association between the family and intimate partner emotional climate and mental health symptoms...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198504/female-sexual-dysfunction-medical-and-psychological-treatments-committee-14
#4
Sheryl A Kingsberg, Stanley Althof, James A Simon, Andrea Bradford, Johannes Bitzer, Joana Carvalho, Kathryn E Flynn, Rossella E Nappi, Jennifer B Reese, Roya L Rezaee, Leslie Schover, Jan L Shifrin
INTRODUCTION: Since the millennium we have witnessed significant strides in the science and treatment of female sexual dysfunction (FSD). This forward progress has included (i) the development of new theoretical models to describe healthy and dysfunctional sexual responses in women; (ii) alternative classification strategies of female sexual disorders; (iii) major advances in brain, hormonal, psychological, and interpersonal research focusing on etiologic factors and treatment approaches; (iv) strong and effective public advocacy for FSD; and (v) greater educational awareness of the impact of FSD on the woman and her partner...
December 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191116/december-2017-letter-to-the-editor-in-chief
#5
(no author information available yet)
Letter to the Editor-in-Chief of JOSPT as follows: "The Wider View of Biopsychosocial Models" with Authors' Response J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2017;47(12):972-973. doi:10.2519/jospt.2017.0207.
December 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182603/a-psychosocial-approach-to-female-genital-pain
#6
REVIEW
Marieke Dewitte, Charmaine Borg, Lior Lowenstein
Genital pain is a prevalent, complex, and disabling health concern in women. Efforts to study this chronic pain condition have been complicated by the fact that genital pain is heterogeneous and exists at the intersection of different biopsychosocial disciplines. Thus, organization of theoretical ideas and empirical findings across research areas is required to improve our understanding of how biopsychosocial factors affect the development and maintenance of the pain, the reporting of symptoms, and the choice of treatment...
November 28, 2017: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160487/educational-practices-of-nursing-in-the-puerperium-social-representations-of-puerperal-mothers
#7
Hilana Dayana Dodou, Tamires Daianny Araújo de Oliveira, Mônica Oliveira Batista Oriá, Dafne Paiva Rodrigues, Patrícia Neyva da Costa Pinheiro, Izaildo Tavares Luna
OBJECTIVE: To understand the social representations of puerperal women regarding the contents of the educational practices carried out by nursing in the puerperium. METHOD: Descriptive and qualitative study, carried out from June to September 2014, in Fortaleza, Ceará State, Brazil. Nineteen puerperal women were administered a semi-structured interview. The Theory of Social Representations was used as a theoretical reference. Lexical analysis was performed with ALCESTE (version 2012) software...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156540/the-new-old-and-old-new-medical-model-four-decades-navigating-the-biomedical-and-psychosocial-understandings-of-health-and-illness
#8
REVIEW
Albert Farre, Tim Rapley
The importance of how disease and illness are conceptualised lies in the fact that such definition is paramount to understand the boundaries and scope of responsibility associated with medical work. In this paper, we aim to provide an overview of the interplay of these understandings in shaping the nature of medical work, philosophically, and in practice. We first discuss the emergence of the biopsychosocial model as an attempt to both challenge and broaden the traditional biomedical model. Then, we outline the main criticisms associated with the biopsychosocial model and note a range of contributions addressing the shortcomings of the model as initially formulated...
November 18, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153315/what-are-the-keys-to-a-longer-happier-life-answers-from-five-decades-of-health-psychology-research
#9
Blair T Johnson, Rebecca L Acabchuk
RATIONALE: It has long been known that factors of the mind and of interpersonal relationships influence health, but it is only in the last 50 years that an independent scientific field of health psychology appeared, dedicated to understanding psychological and behavioral processes in health, illness, and healthcare. OBJECTIVE AND METHOD: This article (a) reviews important research that answers the question of how human beings can have longer, happier lives; and (b) highlights trends in health psychology featuring articles in Social Science & Medicine as well as other related literature...
November 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136247/behavioral-mental-health-an-emerging-field-of-service-or-an-oxymoron
#10
Christopher G Hudson
Proliferation in the use of the terminology around behavioral mental health suggests, on one hand, an emerging field of service that integrates psychiatric, substance abuse, and related services. On the other hand, this development also raises questions about the coherence of this approach. This review explores the history, definitional issues, current trends, and available data on the impact of this field. It considers a variety of critiques of behavioral mental health, such as possibility that the field attempts to integrate fundamentally incompatible domains, that the term "behavioral mental health" is thus an oxymoron, and that it represents a co-optation by the insurance industry of traditional ideals of mental health and of behavioral medicine or as code for the implementation of a medical model that emphasizes short-term, behavioral, and psychopharmacological treatments at the expense of a truly biopsychosocial orientation...
November 9, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131737/the-use-of-yoga-by-physical-therapists-in-the-united-states
#11
Mary E Wims, Shayla M McIntyre, Ann York, Laura G Covill
How physical therapists (PTs) in the United States currently use yoga in their clinical practices is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine how PTs in the United States view yoga as a physical therapy (PT) tool and how PTs use yoga therapeutically. The authors conducted a 24-item survey via electronic communications of the Geriatric, Orthopedic, Pediatric, and Women's Health Sections of the American Physical Therapy Association. Participants (n = 333) from 47 states and the District of Columbia replied...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109914/revisiting-the-tryptophan-serotonin-deficiency-and-the-inflammatory-hypotheses-of-major-depression-in-a-biopsychosocial-approach
#12
Andreas Baranyi, Omid Amouzadeh-Ghadikolai, Dirk von Lewinski, Robert J Breitenecker, Hans-Bernd Rothenhäusler, Christoph Robier, Maria Baranyi, Simon Theokas, Andreas Meinitzer
Background: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to identify important biopsychosocial correlates of major depression. Biological mechanisms, including the inflammatory and the tryptophan-serotonin deficiency hypotheses of major depression, were investigated alongside health-related quality of life, life satisfaction, and social support. Methods: The concentrations of plasma tryptophan, plasma kynurenine, plasma kynurenic acid, serum quinolinic acid, and the tryptophan breakdown to kynurenine were determined alongside health-related quality of life (Medical Outcome Study Form, SF-36), life satisfaction (Life Satisfaction Questionnaire, FLZ), and social support (Social Support Survey, SSS) in 71 depressive patients at the time of their in-patient admittance and 48 healthy controls...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098670/similarities-and-differences-in-psychology
#13
Yu Chen, Yan Sun, Si-Zhi Ai, Jason J Li, Lin Lu, Jie Shi
Addiction is marked by repeating a certain behavior while ignoring the potential physical or mental consequences. Non-substance addiction provides an ideal model for researching the emergence and development of addiction's basic mechanism. Comparative studies of substance and non-substance addiction are helpful to reveal the common basis of addiction development. This article explores this topic from a psychological angle, touching upon sensation seeking, inhibitory control, attentional bias, intertemporal choice and environment...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083441/measuring-active-and-healthy-ageing-applying-a-generic-interdisciplinary-assessment-model-incorporating-icf
#14
P Stute, N Bitterlich, J Bousquet, F Meissner, M von Wolff, D Poethig
OBJECTIVES: In this study we compared the chronological and bio-functional age between two German speaking cohorts 30 years apart applying a comprehensive and generic Active and Healthy Aging (AHA) assessment model incorporating ICF. METHODS: Single-centre, cross-sectional, observational, non-interventional, non-randomized trial at an University based women's hospital, division of Gynecological Endocrinology and Reproductive Medicine. All participants followed a standardized, holistic battery of biopsychosocial assessments consisting of bio-functional status (BFS), bio-functional age (BFA) and additional validated psychometric questionnaires...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072182/social-challenges-of-contemporary-psychiatry
#15
N Bouras
Psychiatry and society are interrelated and the biopsychosocial model continues to dominate the clinical psychiatric practice. Some doubts have been expressed in recent years about the value and the wide acceptance of the biopsychosocial model. Ghaemi (2009)1 considers it to be anti-humanistic and advocates the use of less eclectic, less generic, and less vague alternatives. The fundamental changes that have been witnessed in our times across the spectrum of biology, psychology and sociology have made necessary that a conceptual clarity should prevail...
July 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059355/smokers-understandings-of-addiction-to-nicotine-and-tobacco-a-systematic-review-and-interpretive-synthesis-of-quantitative-and-qualitative-research
#16
Daniel Pfeffer, Britta Wigginton, Coral Gartner, Kylie Morphett
Background: Despite the centrality of addiction in academic accounts of smoking, there is little research on smokers' beliefs about addiction to smoking, and the role of nicotine in tobacco dependence. Smokers' perspectives on nicotine's role in addiction are important given the increasing prevalence of non-tobacco nicotine products such as e-cigarettes. We conducted a systematic review of studies investigating smokers' understandings and lay beliefs about addiction to smoking and nicotine...
August 29, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055379/biopsychosocial-risk-factors-associated-with-chronic-low-back-pain-after-lower-limb-amputation
#17
Shawn Farrokhi, Brittney Mazzone, Michael Schneider, Sara Gombatto, John Mayer, M Jason Highsmith, Brad D Hendershot
Low back pain is a common secondary health condition after lower limb amputation with important implications related to functional capabilities and overall quality of life. Despite the high prevalence of low back pain after lower limb amputation, the underlying etiologies of the disorder remain unknown. This hypothesis-driven communication provides evidence in support of using the multifactorial, biopsychosocial model of low back pain experience in the general population for identification of potential risk factors and rehabilitation targets for low back pain after lower limb amputation...
October 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053135/-nonspecific-low-back-pain-approaches-to-diagnosis-and-treatment
#18
M S Vygonskaya
This review considers the problem of pain chronification process based on the biopsychosocial model. Treatment of nonspecific low-back pain is specifically highlighted. Algorithms for the management of such patients are described. The efficacy and safety of nimesulide is discussed.
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048571/pain-in-survivors-of-pediatric-cancer-applying-a-prevention-framework
#19
Amanda L Stone, Cynthia W Karlson, Lauren C Heathcote, Abby R Rosenberg, Tonya M Palermo
To apply a biopsychosocial framework to understand factors influencing pain in survivors of pediatric cancer to inform pain prevention efforts and highlight the need for interdisciplinary care. This topical review draws from both pediatric cancer survivorship research and chronic noncancer pain research to illustrate how components of a preventative model can be applied to pain in survivorship. Pain is a common experience among long-term survivors of pediatric cancer. The pain experience in survivorship can be conceptualized in terms of biological disease and treatment factors, cognitive and affective factors, and social and contextual factors...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048194/applying-intersectionality-to-explore-the-relations-between-gendered-racism-and-health-among-black-women
#20
Jioni A Lewis, Marlene G Williams, Erica J Peppers, Cecile A Gadson
The purpose of this study was to apply an intersectionality framework to explore the influence of gendered racism (i.e., intersection of racism and sexism) on health outcomes. Specifically, we applied intersectionality to extend a biopsychosocial model of racism to highlight the psychosocial variables that mediate and moderate the influence of gendered racial microaggressions (i.e., subtle gendered racism) on health outcomes. In addition, we tested aspects of this conceptual model by exploring the influence of gendered racial microaggressions on the mental and physical health of Black women...
October 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
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