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Biopsychosocial models

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548307/developmental-cascade-and-transactional-associations-among-biological-and-behavioral-indicators-of-temperament-and-maternal-behavior
#1
Nicole B Perry, Jessica M Dollar, Susan D Calkins, Martha Ann Bell
An empirical model of temperament that assessed transactional and cascade associations between respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), negative affectivity, and the caregiving environment (i.e., maternal intrusiveness) across three time points during infancy (N = 388) was examined. Negative affectivity at 5 months was associated positively with maternal intrusiveness at 10 months, which in turn predicted increased negative affectivity at 24 months. RSA at 5 months was associated positively with negative affectivity at 10 months, which subsequently predicted greater RSA at 24 months...
May 26, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538538/the-biopsychosocial-model-of-low-back-pain-and-patient-centered-outcomes-following-lumbar-fusion
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538537/the-biopsychosocial-model-of-low-back-pain-and-patient-centered-outcomes-following-lumbar-fusion
#3
Maureen P Lall, Elizabeth Restrepo
Lumbar fusion is a surgical procedure performed to eliminate painful motion in a spinal segment by joining, or fusing, two or more vertebrae. Although the surgery has a high rate of producing radiographic fusion, many patients report pain, functional disability, an inability to return to work, and prolonged opioid pain reliever use following the procedure. Using the biopsychosocial model of low back pain as a framework, this review of the literature describes the biological, psychological, and social factors that have been associated with these negative outcomes...
May 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510288/the-relationship-of-physiopsychosocial-factors-and-spiritual-well-being-in-elderly-residents-implications-for-evidence-based-practice
#4
Yi-Heng Chen, Li-Chan Lin, Li-Lan Chuang, Mei-Li Chen
BACKGROUND: Older adults in residential settings frequently suffer from functional decline, mental illness, and social isolation, which make them more vulnerable to spiritual distress. However, empirical evidence of the interrelationships between physiopsychosocial variables and spiritual well-being are still lacking, limiting the application of the biopsychosocial-spiritual model in institutional healthcare practice. AIMS: To explain the mechanisms by which these variables are linked, this cross-sectional study tested a causal model of predictors of spiritual well-being among 377 institutionalized older adults with disability using a structural equation modeling approach...
May 16, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508767/biopsychosocial-rehabilitation-programme-for-patients-with-chronic-back-pain-pilot-study
#5
Anna Cabak, Agnieszka Rudnicka, Leszek Kulej, Wiesław Tomaszewski
BACKGROUND: In the search for effective and comprehensive therapies of back pain, an increasing emphasis in being placed on the biopsychosocial model and multidimensional support programmes for patients as well the use of modern technologies in this area of medicine. This study aimed to assess a programme of customised ad hoc physiotherapeutic consultations for patients with back pain who had been on the waiting list for rehabilitation treatment for a long time. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The study group comprised 68 patients of the Rehabilitation Centre Non-Public Health Care Institution who had been waiting for rehabilitation treatment for at least three months...
April 12, 2017: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506867/towards-personalized-treatment-of-pain-using-a-quantitative-systems-pharmacology-approach
#6
REVIEW
Sebastiaan C Goulooze, Elke H J Krekels, Monique van Dijk, Dick Tibboel, Piet H van der Graaf, Thomas Hankemeier, Catherijne A J Knibbe, J G Coen van Hasselt
Pain is a complex biopsychosocial phenomenon of which the intensity, location and duration depends on various underlying components. Treatment of pain is associated with considerable inter-individual variability, and as such, requires a personalized approach. However, a priori prediction of optimal analgesic treatment for individual patients is still challenging. Another challenge is the assessment and treatment of pain in patients unable to self-report pain. In this mini-review, we first provide a brief overview of the various components underlying pain, and their associated biomarkers...
May 12, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496528/long-term-study-of-children-with-rome-iii-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-managed-symptomatically-in-a-biopsychosocial-model
#7
Shailender Madani, Suchi Parikh, Rohit S Madani, Amornluck Krasaelap
BACKGROUND: Our study evaluated progression of and identified potential factors contributing to outcomes of ROME III defined-functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in children treated symptomatically in a biopsychosocial model of care with a long-term follow-up. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of pediatric patients who were diagnosed with ROME III defined-FGIDs including functional abdominal pain, functional dyspepsia, irritable bowel syndrome and abdominal migraine...
April 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496375/revisiting-the-etiological-aspects-of-dissociative-identity-disorder-a-biopsychosocial-perspective
#8
REVIEW
Vedat Şar, Martin J Dorahy, Christa Krüger
Dissociative identity disorder (DID) is a chronic post-traumatic disorder where developmentally stressful events in childhood, including abuse, emotional neglect, disturbed attachment, and boundary violations are central and typical etiological factors. Familial, societal, and cultural factors may give rise to the trauma and/or they may influence the expression of DID. Memory and the construction of self-identity are cognitive processes that appear markedly and centrally disrupted in DID and are related to its etiology...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492213/psychiatry-outside-the-framework-of-empiricism
#9
Celestine Okorome Mume
Science is interested in whatever that is empirical and objective. Any claim that cannot be objectively demonstrated has no place in science, because the subject does not deviate from the role, which it has set out to play in the life of mankind. Psychiatry, as a scientific discipline, plays along these basic principles. In the etiology, symptomatology, and management of psychiatric disorders, the biopsychosocial model recognizes the role of biological, psychological, and social factors. This essay views psychiatry from the biopsychosocial perspective and asserts that certain elements, which may not be readily and empirically verifiable, are important in the practice of psychiatry...
January 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490567/validity-and-reliability-of-the-patient-centred-assessment-method-for-patient-complexity-and-relationship-with-hospital-length-of-stay-a-prospective-cohort-study
#10
Shuhei Yoshida, Masato Matsushima, Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Rieko Mutai, Shinichi Murayama, Tetsuro Hayashi, Hiroko Ichikawa, Yuko Nakano, Takamasa Watanabe, Yasuki Fujinuma
OBJECTIVES: Several instruments for evaluating patient complexity have been developed from a biopsychosocial perspective. Although relationships between the results obtained by these instruments and the length of stay in hospital have been examined, many instruments are complicated and not easy to use. The Patient Centred Assessment Method (PCAM) is a candidate for practical use. This study aimed to test the validity and reliability of the PCAM and examine the correlations between length of hospital stay and PCAM scores in a regional secondary care hospital in Japan...
May 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488985/an-alternative-paradigm-for-evidence-based-medicine-revisiting-lawrence-weed-md-s-systems-approach
#11
Ali Rafik Shukor
Lawrence Weed, MD, is renowned for being the father of the Problem-Oriented Medical Record (POMR), the medical care standard for collecting, managing, and contextualizing patient data in medical records. What have been consistently overlooked are his teachings on knowledge coupling, which refers to matching patient data with associated medical knowledge. Together, the POMR standard and knowledge coupling are meant to form the basis of a systems approach that enables individualized evidence-based decision making within the context of multimorbidity and patient complexity...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486814/psychodynamic-formulation-in-the-era-of-the-brain-towards-integration
#12
Louise K Newman
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to describe advances in neurosciences and their relationship to psychodynamic models of psychopathology and to present an integrative approach to psychodynamic formulation which incorporates the neurobiological underpinnings of self-functioning and a model of relational trauma. CONCLUSION: Developmental psychopathology is now better able to describe the significance of early developmental periods and the interpersonal context of self-development...
June 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483085/biopsychosocial-predictors-of-interferon-related-depression-in-patients-with-hepatitis-c
#13
Martino Belvederi Murri, Angela Chiara Cecere, Mattia Masotti, Giorgio Sammito, Alessandra la Marca, Giuseppe Valerio Torres, Iris Bonfitto, Edwige Cuozzo, Luca Rossi, Gaetano Serviddio, Rosanna Villani, Antonino Picciotto, Antonello Bellomo, Mario Amore
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to examine the role of different bio-psycho-social risk factors for the onset of depression among patients with Hepatitis C (HCV) treated with Interferon alpha (IFN). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with HCV were recruited and assessed prospectively at baseline and after 4, 8, and 24 weeks since the start of IFN treatment. Assessments included the Hamilton Depression and Anxiety Rating Scales (HAM-D and HAM-A), Toronto Alexithymia Scale, Temperament Evaluation of the Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego, 110 item version (TEMPS-A), Young Mania Rating Scale and other assessment tools...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470162/-a-structural-model-for-premenstrual-coping-in-university-students-based-on-biopsychosocial-model
#14
Myung Ock Chae, Hae Ok Jeon, Ahrin Kim
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to construct a hypothetical structural model which explains premenstrual coping in university students and to test the fitness with collected data. METHODS: Participants were 206 unmarried women university students from 3 universities in A and B cities. Data were collected from March 29 until April 30, 2016 using self-report structured questionnaires and were analyzed using IBM SPSS 23.0 and AMOS 18.0. RESULTS: Physiological factor was identified as a significant predictor of premenstrual syndrome (t=6...
April 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458723/controversies-and-challenges-in-fibromyalgia-a-review-and-a-proposal
#15
REVIEW
Helen Cohen
Fibromyalgia (FM) is the most commonly encountered chronic widespread pain (CWP) condition in rheumatology. In comparison to inflammatory arthritis (IA), it can seem ill defined with no clear understanding of the pathology and therefore no specific targeted treatment. This inevitably raises controversies and challenges. However, this is an outdated view perpetuated by poor teaching of pain at undergraduate and postgraduate levels, and the perennial problem of advances in relevant cross-speciality knowledge penetrating speciality silos...
May 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457991/which-biopsychosocial-variables-contribute-to-more-weight-gain-in-depressed-persons
#16
Nadine P G Paans, Mariska Bot, Deborah Gibson-Smith, Philip Spinhoven, Ingeborg A Brouwer, Marjolein Visser, Brenda W J H Penninx
Depression appears to be associated with weight gain. Little is known about whether this association is independent of, or partly due to, several biopsychosocial variables. This study aims to investigate which biopsychosocial variables contribute to weight gain over a 4-year period in persons with major depressive disorder (MDD) or high depressive symptoms. Data from 1658 adults who participated in the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety were used. Baseline depression was measured with a DSM-IV based psychiatric interview and with a depressive symptom measure...
April 25, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446961/a-biopsychosocial-model-of-violence-when-sleepwalking-review-and-reconceptualisation
#17
REVIEW
Helen M Stallman, Andrea Bari
SUMMARY: Violence towards others during sleepwalking is relatively uncommon, but can result in serious injury or even death. Much of the research in this field has focused on the forensic consequences of violence during sleepwalking without sufficient attention to an understanding of the risk factors for violence during sleepwalking and the development of prevention and interventions based on these risk factors. This paper reviews the characteristics of impulsive violence in general and reconceptualises violence during sleepwalking as an extension of this prior vulnerability...
March 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443789/teaching-physiotherapy-students-to-be-content-with-a-body-that-refuses-to-hold-still
#18
Helen Macdonald, David A Nicholls
In recent decades, physiotherapists have become concerned with cultural, economic, philosophical, political, and social questions and have been exploring more flexible ways of speaking about and practicing physiotherapy. While recognizing the need to embrace a broader range of perspectives, physiotherapy educators and other medical educators have been at a loss as to how to best achieve this. Drawing on two examples from South Africa and New Zealand, we seek to illustrate possibilities and barriers to teaching social sciences to physiotherapy students, specifically theories of embodiment as an alternative to the biopsychosocial model...
April 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413219/contemporary-biopsychosocial-exercise-prescription-for-chronic-low-back-pain-questioning-core-stability-programs-and-considering-context
#19
Peter Stilwell, Katherine Harman
This commentary explores the importance of considering the biopsychosocial model and contextual factors when prescribing exercise. Diverse exercise programs for patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) produce similar outcomes, without one specific exercise protocol demonstrating clear superiority. One clear barrier to positive outcomes is poor exercise adherence. We suggest that there are certain common contextual factors present in all exercise prescription scenarios that may impact adherence and health-related outcomes...
March 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394166/ethnic-racial-discrimination-moderates-the-effect-of-sleep-quality-on-school-engagement-across-high-school
#20
Margaret Dunbar, Sheena Mirpuri, Tiffany Yip
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has indicated that school engagement tends to decline across high school. At the same time, sleep problems and exposure to social stressors such as ethnic/racial discrimination increase. The current study uses a biopsychosocial perspective to examine the interactive and prospective effects of sleep and discrimination on trajectories of academic performance. METHOD: Growth curve models were used to explore changes in 6 waves of academic outcomes in a sample of 310 ethnically and racially diverse adolescents (mean age = 14...
April 10, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
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