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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647809/left-ventricles-of-aging-athletes-better-untwisters-but-not-more-relaxed-during-exercise
#1
Claire Maufrais, G Doucende, T Rupp, M Dauzat, P Obert, S Nottin, I Schuster
OBJECTIVE: With an aging population and the increasing prevalence of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, developing strategies to prevent diastolic dysfunction is crucial. Regular endurance training has been suggested to be one such strategy. However, the underlying mechanisms of training, including the effect on left ventricular (LV) untwist, which promotes LV filling, are unclear and studies exploring the heart during exercise in the aging heart are lacking. METHODS: Cardiopulmonary exercise testing with speckle tracking echocardiography was realized in male subjects: 16 young athletes (YA), 19 young controls (YC), 22 middle-aged athletes (MA) with a lifelong history of endurance training, and 20 middle-aged controls (MC)...
June 24, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608176/late-bedtimes-short-sleeping-time-and-longtime-video-game-playing-are-associated-with-low-back-pain-in-school-aged-athletes
#2
Yutaka Yabe, Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Takuya Sekiguchi, Haruki Momma, Masahiro Tsuchiya, Kaoru Kuroki, Kenji Kanazawa, Masashi Koide, Nobuyuki Itaya, Eiji Itoi, Ryoichi Nagatomi
PURPOSE: Low back pain is a significant problem for school-aged athletes. Although some risk factors relating to sports activities have been reported, the effect of lifestyles on low back pain in school-aged athletes is not clear. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the association between lifestyles, such as wake-up time, bedtime, sleeping time, and TV-viewing or video-game-playing time per day and low back pain of school-aged athletes. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with school-aged athletes (aged 6-15 years, n = 6441) using a self-reported questionnaire and multivariate logistic regression models were used for analyses...
June 12, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593088/the-associations-between-hip-strength-and-hip-kinematics-during-a-single-leg-hop-in-recreational-athletes-post-acl-reconstruction-compared-to-healthy-controls
#3
Jeremiah Tate, Tell Suckut, Jensen Wages, Heather Lyles, Benjamin Perrin
BACKGROUND: Only a small amount of evidence exists linking hip abductor weakness to dynamic knee valgus during static and dynamic activities. The associations of hip extensor strength and hip kinematics during the landing of a single leg hop are not known. Purpose: To determine if relationships exist between hip extensor and abductor strength and hip kinematics in both involved and uninvolved limb during the landing phase of a single leg hop in recreational athletes post anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction...
June 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535099/do-sideline-concussion-assessments-predict-subsequent-neurocognitive-impairment-after-sport-related-concussion
#4
Alicia Sufrinko, Jamie McAllister-Deitrick, Melissa Womble, Anthony Kontos
CONTEXT:   Comprehensive, multidomain assessment is the standard of care after sport-related concussion. However, the relationship between performance on sideline concussion-assessment tools and in-office computerized neurocognitive testing has received little attention, and the prognostic utility of sideline measures is unknown. OBJECTIVE:   To evaluate concurrent impairment on commonly used concussion measures 24 to 48 hours postinjury while also determining the predictive utility of sideline measures on computerized neurocognitive testing in the acute to subacute recovery periods postinjury...
July 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496933/internet-survey-health-screening-in-sports
#5
Margaret Wang, Gloria Wu, Vidhya Gunasekaran, Victor Chen, Akash Vani, Don Kim
While cardiovascular screening protocols exist, they have been focused on teenaged and college aged athletes versus adult athletes. To assess community awareness of health screening as related to adult athletes, we have created an internet questionnaire (QN). The survey was posted through social media (e.g. Facebook, Reddit, Flotrack and Active), for 11 months, that queried sports history, medical history, and symptoms while playing sports. A total of 3,750 respondents (R) answered the questionnaire, 2,776 male and 974 female...
October 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257678/acute-achilles-rupture-percutaneous-repair-approach-materials-techniques
#6
REVIEW
Jason George DeVries, Brandon M Scharer, Benjamin J Summerhays
Closed traumatic Achilles tendon rupture is a common injury, especially in the aging athlete. Traditionally open repair has been recognized to offer a lower rerupture rate compared with nonoperative methods but with a higher complication rate. Percutaneous repair has been described to offer the benefits of open repair while avoiding the complications. The sural nerve is potentially susceptible to injury, and specialized instrumentation has been developed to avoid this event. This article discusses several techniques of minimally invasive Achilles tendon repair...
April 2017: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190825/excessive-game-playing-is-associated-with-poor-toothbrushing-behavior-among-athletic-children-a-cross-sectional-study-in-miyagi-japan
#7
Masahiro Tsuchiya, Haruki Momma, Takuya Sekiguchi, Kaoru Kuroki, Kenji Kanazawa, Makoto Watanabe, Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Ryoichi Nagatomi
Dental problems among athletes have been cautioned due to negative impacts not only on their oral health but also on athletic performance. Acquirement of appropriate oral health behavior mainly composed of toothbrushing in childhood can be one of the most important strategies for advancing children's athletic possibilities. Although habits of screen viewing, including game playing, and TV viewing have direct impacts on children's health and behavioral development, little is known about the association between these habits and toothbrushing frequency...
February 2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164109/exercising-recommendations-for-paroxysmal-af-in-young-and-middle-aged-athletes-pafiyama-syndrome
#8
Carme Perez-Quilis, Giuseppe Lippi, Gianfranco Cervellin, Herbert Löllgen, Fabian Sanchis-Gomar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117245/the-medical-value-and-cost-effectiveness-of-an-exercise-test-for-sport-preparticipation-evaluation-in-asymptomatic-middle-aged-white-male-and-female-athletes
#9
MULTICENTER STUDY
Laurent Chevalier, Gaelle Kervio, Stephane Doutreleau, Jean-Philippe Mathieu, Jean-Michel Guy, Aude Mignot, Luc Corneloup, François Passard, Thierry Laporte, Aude Girard-Girod, Olivier Hennebert, Philippe Bernadet, Marie-Pierre Vincent-Chevalier, Laurent Gencel, François Carré
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular events related to high-intensity sport practice are rare but dramatic. Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of these events after the age of 35 years. The value of a maximal exercise test (ET) for detection of athletes at risk remains a matter of debate. AIM: The aim of this prospective multicentre study was to clarify the medical value and cost-effectiveness of an ET in middle-aged white asymptomatic athletes who participate in high-intensity sport...
March 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099092/training-and-development-of-canadian-wheelchair-basketball-players
#10
N Dehghansai, S Lemez, N Wattie, J Baker
Considering the growth in research, examining the development of mainstream sport athletes over the past two decades, studies examining development of athletes with disabilities have been surprisingly limited. While similarities in developmental trajectories between the two cohorts may exist regarding factors such as the value of practice, which tend to be universal regardless of context, disability-related issues (e.g. whether the disability was congenital or acquired) may influence the course of development, affecting variables such as starting age, training and developmental milestones...
January 18, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065584/mechanical-dispersion-by-strain-echocardiography-a-novel-tool-to-diagnose-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-in-athletes
#11
Frédéric Schnell, David Matelot, Magalie Daudin, Gaelle Kervio, Philippe Mabo, François Carré, Erwan Donal
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated that global longitudinal strain (GLS) is altered in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) in comparison with athletes. Nevertheless, these results rely on studies comparing sedentary patients with HCM with healthy athletes. The aims of this study were to confirm these findings in an appropriate group of athletes with HCM and to study the additive value of novel parameters (i.e., mechanical dispersion and exercise GLS). METHODS: Thirty-six athletes with HCM were prospectively included and were compared with 36 sedentary patients with HCM, 36 healthy athletes, and 36 sedentary control subjects of similar age...
March 2017: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900188/single-leg-balance-and-core-motor-control-in-children-when-does-the-risk-for-acl-injury-occurs
#12
Allison B Hutchinson, Paul Yao, Mark R Hutchinson
INTRODUCTION: While numerous publications have demonstrated the correlation of poor single-leg balance and core motor control with an increased risk of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in skeletally mature female athletes, few have analysed the preadolescent population regarding when indeed comparative deficits in balance and core control actually occur. The purpose of this study was to assess whether the neuromotor factors that place mature females at increased risk of ACL injury actually are present in preadolescents and if so when...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776250/atrial-fibrillation-in-highly-trained-endurance-athletes-description-of-a-syndrome
#13
REVIEW
Fabian Sanchis-Gomar, Carme Perez-Quilis, Giuseppe Lippi, Gianfranco Cervellin, Roman Leischik, Herbert Löllgen, Enrique Serrano-Ostáriz, Alejandro Lucia
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common heart arrhythmia, the risk of which typically increases with age. This condition is commonly associated with major cardiovascular diseases and structural heart damage, while it is rarely observed in healthy young people. However, increasing evidence indicates that paroxysmal AF can also onset in young or middle-aged and otherwise healthy endurance athletes (e.g., cyclists, runners and cross-country skiers). Here we review the topic of AF associated with strenuous endurance exercise (SEE), for example cycling, running and cross-country skiing, especially at a competitive level, and we propose the definition of a new syndrome based on the accumulating data in the literature: SEE-related AF under the acronym of 'PAFIYAMA' ('paroxysmal AF in young and middle-aged athletes')...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610429/clinical-considerations-for-the-ageing-athlete
#14
Shane P Brun
BACKGROUND: Many older people are participating in high-intensity activities and sports. Clinicians need to be aware of the physiology of ageing relative to the demands of higher intensity sport. Patient expectations, comorbidities and medication use are important aspects to consider when advising the ageing athlete appropriately. OBJECTIVE: This article highlights the important aspects of maintaining a physically active lifestyle. For the ageing athlete, there are differing needs as well as risks associated with higher intensity physical activity...
July 2016: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27464573/king-devick-and-pre-season-visual-function-in-adolescent-athletes
#15
Katherine K Weise, Mark W Swanson, Kimberly Penix, Matthew Heath Hale, Drew Ferguson
PURPOSE: The King-Devick test (KD) has been studied as a remove-from-play sideline test in college-age athletes and older; however, studies in younger athletes are limited. A cross-sectional study of the KD and other vision correlates was completed on school-aged athletes during pre-season physicals for a variety of sports to determine the repeatability of the KD. The study also evaluated how convergence, alignment, or pupil function contributed to a slower King-Devick baseline reading...
January 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27362009/arterial-stiffness-and-cardiovascular-hemodynamics-after-life-long-endurance-and-resistance-training-in-aged-athletes-3643-board-82-june-4-9-30-am-11-00-am
#16
Dominique D Gagnon, Erja Metsämarttila, Marko Korhonen, Sirkka Keinnänen-Kiukaanniemi, Karl-Heinz Herzig
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27360029/effect-of-noni-fruit-pre-supplementation-on-fatigue-after-long-distance-running-in-male-middle-aged-athletes-886-board-202-june-1-2-00-pm-3-30-pm
#17
Szu-Hsien Yu, Yi-Jen Huang, Chieh-Wen Hou, Shih-Chang Cheng, Shueh-I Lin, Chia-Hua Kuo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27268239/does-age-influence-the-risk-of-incident-knee-osteoarthritis-after-a-traumatic-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury
#18
Victoria L Johnson, Justin P Roe, Lucy J Salmon, Leo A Pinczewski, David J Hunter
BACKGROUND: The development of radiographic knee osteoarthritis (OA) after an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture has long been studied and proven in the adolescent population. However, similar exhaustive investigations have not been conducted in mature-aged athletes or in older populations. PURPOSE: To identify whether an older adult population had an increased risk of incident radiographic knee OA after a traumatic knee injury compared with a young adult population...
September 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27243823/effect-of-chronic-athletic-activity-on-brown-fat-in-young-women
#19
Vibha Singhal, Giovana D Maffazioli, Kate E Ackerman, Hang Lee, Elisa F Elia, Ryan Woolley, Gerald Kolodny, Aaron M Cypess, Madhusmita Misra
BACKGROUND: The effect of chronic exercise activity on brown adipose tissue (BAT) is not clear, with some studies showing positive and others showing negative associations. Chronic exercise is associated with increased resting energy expenditure (REE) secondary to increased lean mass and a probable increase in BAT. Many athletes are in a state of relative energy deficit suggested by lower fat mass and hypothalamic amenorrhea. States of severe energy deficit such as anorexia nervosa are associated with reduced BAT...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27230721/initial-somatic-symptoms-are-associated-with-prolonged-symptom-duration-following-concussion-in-adolescents
#20
David R Howell, Michael J O'Brien, Michael A Beasley, Rebekah C Mannix, William P Meehan
AIM: To determine which initial postinjury symptom domains are independently associated with symptoms lasting >28 days in youth athletes who sustained sport-related concussions. METHODS: Patients who presented for care at a sport concussion clinic completed the postconcussion symptom scale. They were classified into two groups: those who reported symptom resolution within 28 days of injury and those who did not. Logistic regression models were constructed for children and adolescents to determine the independent association between symptom recovery and potential predictor variables: initial symptom scores in 5 postconcussion symptom scale domains (somatic, vestibular-ocular, cognitive, sleep and emotional), sex, loss of consciousness or amnesia at the time of injury, history of prior concussion, prior treatment for headaches or migraines, or family history of concussion...
September 2016: Acta Paediatrica
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