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"Aged athlete"

N Dehghansai, S Lemez, N Wattie, J Baker
Considering the growth in research, examining the development of mainstream sport athletes over the past two decades, studies examining development of athletes with disabilities have been surprisingly limited. While similarities in developmental trajectories between the two cohorts may exist regarding factors such as the value of practice, which tend to be universal regardless of context, disability-related issues (e.g. whether the disability was congenital or acquired) may influence the course of development, affecting variables such as starting age, training and developmental milestones...
January 18, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
Frédéric Schnell, David Matelot, Magalie Daudin, Gaelle Kervio, Philippe Mabo, François Carré, Erwan Donal
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated that global longitudinal strain (GLS) is altered in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) in comparison with athletes. Nevertheless, these results rely on studies comparing sedentary patients with HCM with healthy athletes. The aims of this study were to confirm these findings in an appropriate group of athletes with HCM and to study the additive value of novel parameters (i.e., mechanical dispersion and exercise GLS). METHODS: Thirty-six athletes with HCM were prospectively included and were compared with 36 sedentary patients with HCM, 36 healthy athletes, and 36 sedentary control subjects of similar age...
January 5, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Allison B Hutchinson, Paul Yao, Mark R Hutchinson
INTRODUCTION: While numerous publications have demonstrated the correlation of poor single-leg balance and core motor control with an increased risk of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in skeletally mature female athletes, few have analysed the preadolescent population regarding when indeed comparative deficits in balance and core control actually occur. The purpose of this study was to assess whether the neuromotor factors that place mature females at increased risk of ACL injury actually are present in preadolescents and if so when...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
Fabian Sanchis-Gomar, Carme Perez-Quilis, Giuseppe Lippi, Gianfranco Cervellin, Roman Leischik, Herbert Löllgen, Enrique Serrano-Ostáriz, Alejandro Lucia
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common heart arrhythmia, the risk of which typically increases with age. This condition is commonly associated with major cardiovascular diseases and structural heart damage, while it is rarely observed in healthy young people. However, increasing evidence indicates that paroxysmal AF can also onset in young or middle-aged and otherwise healthy endurance athletes (e.g., cyclists, runners and cross-country skiers). Here we review the topic of AF associated with strenuous endurance exercise (SEE), for example cycling, running and cross-country skiing, especially at a competitive level, and we propose the definition of a new syndrome based on the accumulating data in the literature: SEE-related AF under the acronym of 'PAFIYAMA' ('paroxysmal AF in young and middle-aged athletes')...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
Shane P Brun
BACKGROUND: Many older people are participating in high-intensity activities and sports. Clinicians need to be aware of the physiology of ageing relative to the demands of higher intensity sport. Patient expectations, comorbidities and medication use are important aspects to consider when advising the ageing athlete appropriately. OBJECTIVE: This article highlights the important aspects of maintaining a physically active lifestyle. For the ageing athlete, there are differing needs as well as risks associated with higher intensity physical activity...
July 2016: Australian Family Physician
Katherine K Weise, Mark W Swanson, Kimberly Penix, Matthew Heath Hale, Drew Ferguson
PURPOSE: The King-Devick test (KD) has been studied as a remove-from-play sideline test in college-age athletes and older; however, studies in younger athletes are limited. A cross-sectional study of the KD and other vision correlates was completed on school-aged athletes during pre-season physicals for a variety of sports to determine the repeatability of the KD. The study also evaluated how convergence, alignment, or pupil function contributed to a slower King-Devick baseline reading...
January 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Dominique D Gagnon, Erja Metsämarttila, Marko Korhonen, Sirkka Keinnänen-Kiukaanniemi, Karl-Heinz Herzig
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Szu-Hsien Yu, Yi-Jen Huang, Chieh-Wen Hou, Shih-Chang Cheng, Shueh-I Lin, Chia-Hua Kuo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Victoria L Johnson, Justin P Roe, Lucy J Salmon, Leo A Pinczewski, David J Hunter
BACKGROUND: The development of radiographic knee osteoarthritis (OA) after an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture has long been studied and proven in the adolescent population. However, similar exhaustive investigations have not been conducted in mature-aged athletes or in older populations. PURPOSE: To identify whether an older adult population had an increased risk of incident radiographic knee OA after a traumatic knee injury compared with a young adult population...
September 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Vibha Singhal, Giovana D Maffazioli, Kate E Ackerman, Hang Lee, Elisa F Elia, Ryan Woolley, Gerald Kolodny, Aaron M Cypess, Madhusmita Misra
BACKGROUND: The effect of chronic exercise activity on brown adipose tissue (BAT) is not clear, with some studies showing positive and others showing negative associations. Chronic exercise is associated with increased resting energy expenditure (REE) secondary to increased lean mass and a probable increase in BAT. Many athletes are in a state of relative energy deficit suggested by lower fat mass and hypothalamic amenorrhea. States of severe energy deficit such as anorexia nervosa are associated with reduced BAT...
2016: PloS One
David R Howell, Michael J O'Brien, Michael A Beasley, Rebekah C Mannix, William P Meehan
AIM: To determine which initial postinjury symptom domains are independently associated with symptoms lasting >28 days in youth athletes who sustained sport-related concussions. METHODS: Patients who presented for care at a sport concussion clinic completed the postconcussion symptom scale. They were classified into two groups: those who reported symptom resolution within 28 days of injury and those who did not. Logistic regression models were constructed for children and adolescents to determine the independent association between symptom recovery and potential predictor variables: initial symptom scores in 5 postconcussion symptom scale domains (somatic, vestibular-ocular, cognitive, sleep and emotional), sex, loss of consciousness or amnesia at the time of injury, history of prior concussion, prior treatment for headaches or migraines, or family history of concussion...
September 2016: Acta Paediatrica
Erek Majka, Travis Graves, Vanessa A Diaz, Marty S Player, Lori M Dickerson, Jennifer K Gavin, Andrea Wessell
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening adults for alcohol misuse, a challenge among young adults who may not have regular primary care. The pre-participation evaluation (PPE) provides an opportunity for screening, but traditional screening tools require extra time in an already busy visit. The objective of this study was to compare the 10-item Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) with a single-question alcohol misuse screen in a population of college-aged athletes...
2016: Family Medicine
Craig A Bauman, James D Milligan, Tammy Labreche, John J Riva
BACKGROUND: Nonfunctioning pituitary macroadenoma (NFPA) is a tumour of the endocrine system that is virtually always benign and can be difficult to detect. This case report is presented from the patient's perspective to highlight experiences that led to the eventual diagnosis of this condition. CASE PRESENTATION: A 48 year-old male experienced prolonged and unexplained reduced athletic performance worsening over five years. The patient reported decreased libido, which initiated a testosterone blood test...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Elizabeth Teel, Michael Gay, Brian Johnson, Semyon Slobounov
OBJECTIVE: Computer-based neuropsychological (NP) evaluation is an effective clinical tool used to assess cognitive function which complements the clinical diagnosis of a concussion. However, some researchers and clinicians argue its lack of ecological validity places limitations on externalizing results to a sensory rich athletic environment. Virtual reality-based NP assessment offers clinical advantages using an immersive environment and evaluating domains not typically assessed by traditional NP assessments...
May 2016: Neuropsychology
M Gouvea, E S Cyrino, A S Ribeiro, D R P da Silva, D Ohara, J Valente-Dos-Santos, M J Coelho-E-Silva, E Ronque
This study compared variation in size, function and sport-specific technical skills of youth soccer players associated with differences in biological maturity status. 60 male soccer players of under-14 (U14) and under-17 (U17) categories were submitted to anthropometric and body composition measurements as well as motor and soccer-specific technical skill tests. Skeletal maturity was determined by skeletal age. Athletes of both categories were classified as early, on-time or late-maturing, according to the difference between chronological age and skeletal age...
June 2016: International Journal of Sports Medicine
James A Onate, Joshua S Everhart, Daniel R Clifton, Thomas M Best, James R Borchers, Ajit M W Chaudhari
OBJECTIVE: A stated goal of the preparticipation physical evaluation (PPE) is to reduce musculoskeletal injury, yet the musculoskeletal portion of the PPE is reportedly of questionable use in assessing lower extremity injury risk in high school-aged athletes. The objectives of this study are: (1) identify clinical assessment tools demonstrated to effectively determine lower extremity injury risk in a prospective setting, and (2) critically assess the methodological quality of prospective lower extremity risk assessment studies that use these tools...
November 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Mark E Halstead
CONTEXT: Pediatric concussions are common, and emphasis on correct diagnosis and management is stressed in consensus guidelines. Medications may have a role in management of concussion, but no consensus exists regarding appropriate pharmacologic therapy. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Nonsystematic review. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical review. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 4. RESULTS: There is limited evidence for hypertonic saline to improve posttraumatic headache in the emergency department setting...
January 2016: Sports Health
Thijs M H Eijsvogels, Antonio B Fernandez, Paul D Thompson
Multiple epidemiological studies document that habitual physical activity reduces the risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), and most demonstrate progressively lower rates of ASCVD with progressively more physical activity. Few studies have included individuals performing high-intensity, lifelong endurance exercise, however, and recent reports suggest that prodigious amounts of exercise may increase markers for, and even the incidence of, cardiovascular disease. This review examines the evidence that extremes of endurance exercise may increase cardiovascular disease risk by reviewing the causes and incidence of exercise-related cardiac events, and the acute effects of exercise on cardiovascular function, the effect of exercise on cardiac biomarkers, including "myocardial" creatine kinase, cardiac troponins, and cardiac natriuretic peptides...
January 2016: Physiological Reviews
Sebastian N Kunz, Thomas Keller, Christina Grove, Stefanie Lochner, Fabio Monticelli
The rising popularity of Alpine skiing in recent years has led to an increase of skiing accidents, some with fatal outcome. In this paper, all fatal skiing accidents from the autopsy material of the Institute of Forensic Medicine of the Paris Lodron University Salzburg were evaluated and compared with statistical data of the Alpine Police. In the wintertime of 2005/2006 until 2013/2014, 22 deadly skiing accidents were autopsied. The age of the male and female victims ranged between 12 and 71 years. The main cause of death was craniocerebral and chest trauma...
January 2015: Archiv Für Kriminologie
Thomas M Doering, Peter R Reaburn, Stuart M Phillips, David G Jenkins
Participation rates of masters athletes in endurance events such as long-distance triathlon and running continue to increase. Given the physical and metabolic demands of endurance training, recovery practices influence the quality of successive training sessions and, consequently, adaptations to training. Research has suggested that, after muscle-damaging endurance exercise, masters athletes experience slower recovery rates in comparison with younger, similarly trained athletes. Given that these discrepancies in recovery rates are not observed after non-muscle-damaging exercise, it is suggested that masters athletes have impairments of the protein remodeling mechanisms within skeletal muscle...
April 2016: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
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