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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923185/profiling-perpetrators-of-interpersonal-violence-against-children-in-sport-based-on-a-victim-survey
#1
Tine Vertommen, Jarl Kampen, Nicolette Schipper-van Veldhoven, Kristien Wouters, Kasia Uzieblo, Filip Van Den Eede
The current article reports on perpetrator characteristics gathered in the first large-scale prevalence study on interpersonal violence against children in sport in the Netherlands and Belgium. Using retrospective web survey design, 4043 adults answered questions on their experiences in youth sport. The study looks at the number of perpetrators as well as individual descriptive characteristics (sex, age, and role in the sport organization) of perpetrators of psychological, physical and sexual violence as reported retrospectively by victim-respondents...
December 3, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922288/medial-gastrocnemius-myotendinous-junction-displacement-and-plantar-flexion-strength-in-patients-treated-with-immediate-rehabilitation-after-achilles-tendon-repair
#2
Carlos I De la Fuente, Roberto Peña Y Lillo, Rodrigo Ramirez Campillo, Pablo Ortega-Auriol, Mauricio Delgado, Joel Alvarez-Ruf, Gabriel Carreño
CONTEXT:  Pathologic plantar flexion frequently occurs after operative repair of the Achilles tendon (AT) because of immobilization and non-weight bearing in the first weeks of traditional rehabilitation. Novel rehabilitation strategies that apply mobilization and weight bearing have been proposed, but their effects on medial gastrocnemius myotendinous junction displacement (MJD) and isometric plantar-flexion strength (PFS) are unknown. OBJECTIVE:  To compare the effects of 12 weeks of immediate versus traditional rehabilitation on MJD and PFS in patients with percutaneous AT repair and to compare AT rupture scores (ATRSs) during follow-up...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922287/injuries-in-japanese-mini-basketball-players-during-practices-and-games
#3
Kenji Kuzuhara, Masashi Shibata, Ryo Uchida
CONTEXT:  Mini-basketball is one of the most popular junior sports in Japan. Mini- basketball-related injuries may increase because of early specialization. However, no reports have been published to date concerning basketball injuries in children younger than 12 years of age. OBJECTIVE:  To prospectively study the incidence, sites, types, and mechanisms of injuries in mini-basketball teams. DESIGN:  Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING:  Mini-basketball teams in Kobe, Japan...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922240/associations-of-lean-and-fat-mass-measures-with-whole-body-bone-mineral-content-and-bone-mineral-density-in-female-adolescent-weightlifters-and-swimmers
#4
Şükran Nazan Koşar
Body composition and sport participation have been associated with bone mass. The purpose of this study was to determine the associations of lean and fat mass measures with whole body bone mineral content (BMC) and bone mineral density (BMD) in female adolescent weightlifters, swimmers and non-athletic counterparts. This study included a total of 25 female adolescents (mean age: 15.3±1.1 years). Body composition and bone mass were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. In most of the studied variables weight lifters had higher values compared to swimmers and non-athletes (p < 0...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918856/preliminary-investigation-into-sport-and-exercise-psychology-consultants-views-and-experiences-of-an-interprofessional-care-team-approach-to-sport-injury-rehabilitation
#5
Monna Arvinen-Barrow, Damien Clement
Sport injury rehabilitation has moved from predominately physical treatment to a more holistic care. However, limited research has explored the views and experiences of those involved in such an approach. The purpose of this study was to preliminarily investigate sport psychology consultants' (SPCs') views and experiences of an interprofessional team approach to sport injury rehabilitation. A cross-sectional online survey previously used with athletic trainers was distributed via a US-based sport/exercise psychology list-serve (N = 1245)...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918746/use-of-the-universal-pain-assessment-tool-for-evaluating-pain-associated-with-tmd-in-youngsters-with-an-intellectual-disability
#6
G Dugashvili, L Van den Berghe, G Menabde, M Janelidze, L Marks
BACKGROUND: The Universal Pain Assessment Tool (UPAT) was used to assess the level of pain in people with limited communication skills. The UPAT enables clinicians to consult a specialized pain management team more often and lead to earlier interventions. The purpose of this study was to determine, whether the UPAT could be used as an extra tool to collect data on functional TMJ pain and to assess orofacial pain levels related to temporomandibular disorder(s) (TMD) in people with intellectual disabilities (ID)...
December 6, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918677/a-comparison-of-isometric-mid-thigh-pull-strength-vertical-jump-sprint-speed-and-change-of-direction-speed-in-academy-netball-players
#7
Christopher Thomas, Paul Comfort, Paul A Jones, Thomas Dos'Santos
PURPOSE: To investigate (a) the relationships between maximal isometric strength, vertical jump (VJ), sprint speed, and change of direction speed (CODS) in academy netball players, and (b) determine whether players who have high performance in isometric strength testing would demonstrate superior performance in VJ, sprint speed, and CODS measures. METHODS: Twenty-six young female netball players (age = 16.1 ± 1.2 years; height = 173.9 ± 5.7 cm; body mass = 66...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918657/telomere-length-in-elite-athletes
#8
Carlos A Muniesa, Zoraida Verde, Germán Diaz-Ureña, Catalina Santiago, Fernando Gutiérrez, Enrique Díaz, Félix Gómez-Gallego, Helios Pareja-Galeano, Luisa Soares-Miranda, Alejandro Lucia
PURPOSE: Growing evidence suggests that regular, moderate-intensity physical activity is associated with an attenuation of leucocyte telomere length (LTL) shortening. However, more controversy exists regarding higher exercise loads, such as those imposed by elite sports participation. METHODS: We have investigated LTL differences between young elite athletes (n=61, 54% men, aged [mean±SD] 27.2±4.9 years) and their healthy non-smoker, physically inactive controls (n=64, 52% men, 28...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918654/cold-water-immersion-and-contrast-water-therapy-do-not-improve-short-term-recovery-following-resistance-training
#9
Christos K Argus, James R Broatch, Aaron C Petersen, Remco Polman, David J Bishop, Shona Halson
PURPOSE: An athlete's ability to recover quickly is important when there is limited time between training and competition. As such, recovery strategies are commonly used to expedite the recovery process. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of both cold water immersion (CWI) and contrast water therapy (CWT) compared to control on short-term recovery (<4h) following a single full-body resistance training session. METHODS: Thirteen males (age, 26 ± 5 years; weight, 79 ± 7 kg; height, 177 ± 5 cm) were assessed for perceptual (fatigue and soreness) and performance measures (maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVC) of the knee extensors, weighted and unweighted countermovement jumps) prior to and immediately following the training session...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916362/effectiveness-of-a-mental-skills-curriculum-to-reduce-novices-stress
#10
Nicholas E Anton, Lisa D Howley, Manuel Pimentel, Cameron K Davis, Charles Brown, Dimitrios Stefanidis
BACKGROUND: Stress has been shown to negatively impact surgical performance, and surgical novices are particularly susceptible to its effects. Mental skills are psychological strategies designed to enhance performance and reduce the impact of stress to consistently facilitate the ideal mental conditions that enable performers to perform their best. Mental skills have been used routinely in other high-stress domains (e.g., with Navy SEALs, military pilots, elite athletes, and so forth) to facilitate optimal performance in challenging situations...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916190/editorial-commentary-natural-history-of-shoulder-dislocation-is-recurrence-our-only-metric
#11
EDITORIAL
Brett D Owens
The natural history of a traumatic anterior glenohumeral dislocation has been the subject of significant study, often with differing results depending on the population studied. Most studies have focused on recurrent dislocation as the primary outcome of interest, whereas metrics such as subluxation, return to athletics, and patient-reported outcome scores are also available in limited studies. The known risk factors for recurrence include young age and male gender. Surgical stabilization should be considered in populations at higher risk of recurrence and has been shown in Level I studies to result in reduction of recurrence and improvement in patient-reported outcomes...
December 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915067/the-feasibility-and-effects-of-acupuncture-in-an-adolescent-nordic-ski-population
#12
Kristin L Garlanger, William H Fredericks, Alexander Do, Brent A Bauer, Edward R Laskowski
BACKGROUND: Studies investigating the use and effectiveness of acupuncture in adults post exercise have been well documented. Fewer studies involving acupuncture have been completed in the adolescent athlete population. To our knowledge there are no published studies that investigate the use of acupuncture in adolescent athletes within their field of play. OBJECTIVE: To primarily assess the feasibility of performing acupuncture in adolescent Nordic skiers within their athletic environment, and secondarily to measure the effect of acupuncture on muscle soreness and sense of well-being...
November 30, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912040/patient-reported-outcomes-measurement-information-system-physical-function-item-bank-version-1-0-physical-function-assessment-for-athletic-patient-populations
#13
Leif P Madsen, Todd A Evans, Kelli R Snyder, Carrie L Docherty
CONTEXT: The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) item banks have been validated for general populations, but their application to high-functioning patient populations remains speculative. OBJECTIVE: To examine the measurement properties of the PROMIS physical function item bank, version 1.0, when applied to individuals representing high levels of physical ability. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I and III collegiate athletic training rooms and intramural events...
September 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910804/sudden-cardiac-death-a-nationwide-cohort-study-among-the-young
#14
Bjarke Risgaard
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a tragic event affecting millions of individuals worldwide. Although several studies have investigated the epidemiology of SCD, these studies may have been affected by reporting and referral biases, which are reflected in the very different incidence rates and causes of deaths that have previously been reported. Among SCD victims aged < 36 years, inherited cardiac diseases are well known to play an important role. However, the extent to which inherited cardiac diseases also play a role in SCD victims aged < 50 years has not been completely described...
December 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906965/do-elite-and-amateur-soccer-players-outperform-non-athletes-on-neurocognitive-functioning-a-study-among-8-12-year-old-children
#15
Lot Verburgh, Erik J A Scherder, Paul A M Van Lange, Jaap Oosterlaan
AIM: Research suggested a positive association between physical fitness and neurocognitive functioning in children. Aim of the present study is to investigate possible dose-response relationships between diverse daily physical activities and a broad range of neurocognitive functions in preadolescent children. Furthermore, the relationship between several sedentary behaviours, including TV-watching, gaming and computer time, and neurocognitive functioning will be investigated in this group of children...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905858/seasonal-effects-on-body-composition-muscle-characteristics-and-performance-of-collegiate-swimmers-and-divers
#16
Erica J Roelofs, Abbie E Smith-Ryan, Eric T Trexler, Katie R Hirsch
CONTEXT:  Previous researchers have indicated the importance of body composition and muscle quality in athletic performance. However, body composition and muscle-quality measures in swimmers and divers over a training season have yet to be evaluated. OBJECTIVE:  To identify changes in body composition and muscle characteristics over a competitive season and identify relationships between these variables and performance in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I swimmers and divers...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904799/a-clinical-guide-to-the-assessment-and-treatment-of-breathing-pattern-disorders-in-the-physically-active-part-2-a-case-series
#17
Jena Hansen-Honeycutt, Erin B Chapman, Alan Nasypany, Russell T Baker, Jim May
INTRODUCTION: Breathing pattern disorders (BPDs) are characterized by persistent, suboptimal breathing strategies that may result in additional musculoskeletal pain and/or dysfunction. The purpose of this case series was to examine the effects of Primal Reflex Release Technique (PRRT) and breathing exercise interventions in physically active individuals that presented with a primary complaint of musculoskeletal pain, a BPD, and startle reflexes. SUBJECTS: The assessment techniques described in Part 1 of this series were used to identify three student athletes (aged 16-22) who presented with musculoskeletal pain of the low back, mid back, and knee, BPDs, and startle reflexes...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904795/the-nine-test-screening-battery-normative-values-on-a-group-of-recreational-athletes
#18
Frida Flodström, Annette Heijne, Mark E Batt, Anna Frohm
BACKGROUND: A variety of risk factors predispose athletes to injury, such as impaired neuromuscular control, insufficient core stability, and muscular imbalances. The goal of assessing functional movement patterns is to detect imbalances and correct them with prevention strategies and thereby decrease injuries, and improve performance and quality of life. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to generate normative values for the 'Nine Test Screening Battery' (9TSB) in a group of recreational athletes...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904787/biomechanics-and-pathomechanics-of-the-patellofemoral-joint
#19
Janice K Loudon
The patellofemoral joint is a joint that can be an area of concern for athletes of various sports and ages. The joint is somewhat complex with multiple contact points and numerous tissues that attach to the patella. Joint forces are variable and depend on the degree of knee flexion and whether the foot is in contact with the ground. The sports medicine specialist must have a good working knowledge of the anatomy and biomechanics of the patellofemoral joint in order to treat it effectively.
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904541/effect-of-eight-week-aerobic-resistive-and-interval-exercise-routines-on-respiratory-parameters-in-non-athlete-women
#20
Vahan Moradians, Alireza Rahimi, Seyed Ali Javad Moosavi, Fateme Sadat Sahebkar Khorasani, Ali Mazaherinejad, Masoud Mortezazade, Hanieh Raji
BACKGROUND: There are not many studies about the effects of physical activity on pulmonary function in normal population. However, it seems that strengthening and persevering respiratory muscles is an effective technique for improving pulmonary function. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the effects of eight-week aerobic, resistance, and interval exercise routines on respiratory parameters in non-athlete women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-six non-athlete women between 18-25 years old participated in this prospective quasi-experimental trial...
2016: Tanaffos
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