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pediatric recurrent abdominal pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396659/disease-phenotype-and-outcome-depending-on-the-age-at-disease-onset-in-patients-carrying-the-r92q-low-penetrance-variant-in-tnfrsf1a-gene
#1
Estíbaliz Ruiz-Ortiz, Estíbaliz Iglesias, Alessandra Soriano, Segundo Buján-Rivas, Marta Español-Rego, Raul Castellanos-Moreira, Adrià Tomé, Jordi Yagüe, Jordi Antón, José Hernández-Rodríguez
BACKGROUND: Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS) is an autosomal-dominant autoinflammatory disease caused by mutations in the TNFRSF1A gene. R92Q, a low-penetrance variant, is usually associated with a milder TRAPS phenotype than structural or pathogenic mutations. No studies differentiating R92Q-related disease in patients with pediatric and adult onset have been performed to date. OBJECTIVE: To analyze clinical features and disease outcomes in patients diagnosed with TRAPS associated with R92Q variant and to investigate differences between patients with pediatric and adult disease onset...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363472/surgical-management-and-surveillance-of-pediatric-appendiceal-carcinoid-tumor
#2
Inna N Lobeck, Neelum Jeste, James Geller, Joseph Pressey, Daniel von Allmen
PURPOSE: Appendiceal carcinoid tumors are rare neuroendocrine neoplasms. The aim of this study was to determine if postoperative oncologic follow-up was necessary for this tumor. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of patients with appendiceal carcinoid 2000-2015. RESULTS: 8382 patients underwent appendectomy 2000-2015. 30 (0.3%) had appendiceal carcinoid. 70% were female (n=21) with an average age of 13.5±2.8 years (range 8-18)...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348582/genetic-background-and-clinical-characters-of-pediatric-chronic-pancreatitis-data-and-implications-from-the-east
#3
Muyun Liu, Tian Xia, Di Zhang, Lianghao Hu, Zhuan Liao, Chang Sun, Zhaoshen Li
Background. The clinical pattern and genetic background of juvenile idiopathic chronic pancreatitis (ICP) are yet unclear. Methods. A retrospective study of 73 Chinese juvenile ICP patients was performed, and genetic tests were carried out to detect relevant mutations using direct sequencing technique and high-resolution melting technique. Subjects without pancreatitis served as controls. Results. The SPINK1 c.194+2T>C variant was present in 56.16% and 42.00% of juvenile and adult ICP patients, respectively (p = 0...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272118/common-pediatric-pain-disorders-and-their-clinical-associations
#4
Theresa Donnelly, Aneeka Bott, Minh Bui, Shuxiang Goh, Tiina Jaaniste, Cindy Chapman, Matthew Crawford, John L Hopper, David Champion
BACKGROUND: Common childhood pain conditions (non-migraine headache, migraine, recurrent abdominal pain, growing pains, low back pain) and persistent pains are often associated with each other and have significant implications in later life. Emerging evidence suggests additional associations between these pain conditions and restless legs syndrome, iron deficiency, anxiety and depression. The aim of this cross-sectional study in pediatric twin individuals and their siblings was to investigate these associations...
March 7, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267665/laparoscopic-partial-splenectomy-for-congenital-splenic-cyst-in-a-pediatric-patient-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#5
Ulises Garza-Serna, Christian Ovalle-Chao, David Martinez, Eduardo Flores-Villalba, Jose A Diaz-Elizondo, Ulises de Jesus Garza-Luna
Non-parasitic splenic cysts (NPSC) are a rare condition that makes difficult to know their true incidence and represent 10% of all benign splenic cysts, they can be either congenital with the presence of epithelial lining that originate from invagination of the capsular mesothelial lining or post-traumatic with absence of epithelial lining. We present our management of a splenic congenital cyst in a pediatric patient. A 10-year-old female patient presented to the clinic complaining with a 3-week abdominal pain at the left upper quadrant...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111419/chemical-colitis-caused-by-hydrogen-peroxide-enema-in-a-child-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
Joon Sang Lee, Jung Kyung Yoo
A 2-year-old girl, previously healthy, was brought to the emergency department because of significant cramping abdominal pain with recurrent hematochezia after an accidental hydrogen peroxide enema (35%, 5 mL) by her caregiver. She was hospitalized to the pediatric department and treated with nothing per mouth, intravenous fluid and parenteral antibiotic therapy. Laboratory, radiologic and endoscopic evaluation was performed during the admission period. She was discharged in a fully recovered state on the tenth hospital day, and this is the first case report of acute chemical colitis by accidental hydrogen peroxide enema in children...
2016: Environmental Health and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071630/ovarian-tumors-in-children-10-year-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-center-in-south-india
#7
B Rajeswari, M Nair, A Ninan, K Parukuttyamma
BACKGROUND: Ovarian tumors are uncommon in childhood and constitute around 1% of childhood malignancies. Two thirds of pediatric ovarian tumors are germ cell tumors. Epithelial ovarian tumors and stromal tumors are less frequent. We share our experience in childhood ovarian cancers, analyzing a series of cases with respect to the clinical profile, treatment and survival. METHODS: All newly diagnosed ovarian tumors in children up to 14 years of age, registered in our Pediatric Oncology Division between January 2000 and December 2009 were retrospectively reviewed...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043933/clinical-biochemical-and-histopathology-features-of-patients-with-glycogenic-hepatopathy
#8
Saurabh Mukewar, Ayush Sharma, Kandace A Lackore, Felicity T Enders, Michael S Torbenson, Patrick S Kamath, Lewis R Roberts, Yogish C Kudva
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Glycogenic hepatopathy, a syndrome characterized by hepatomegaly and increased liver transaminases in patients with type 1 diabetes, has not been well characterized in adults. We describe the clinical, biochemical, and histopathology profile of a cohort of patients with glycogenic hepatopathy. We also examined differences between patients with type 1 diabetes with versus without glycogenic hepatopathy. METHODS: We performed a case-control study of patients with type 1 diabetes diagnosed with glycogenic hepatopathy and patients with type 1 diabetes without glycogenic hepatopathy (control subjects)...
December 30, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973405/chronic-pain-in-children-and-adolescents-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-primary-pain-disorders-in-head-abdomen-muscles-and-joints
#9
REVIEW
Stefan J Friedrichsdorf, James Giordano, Kavita Desai Dakoji, Andrew Warmuth, Cyndee Daughtry, Craig A Schulz
Primary pain disorders (formerly "functional pain syndromes") are common, under-diagnosed and under-treated in children and teenagers. This manuscript reviews key aspects which support understanding the development of pediatric chronic pain, points to the current pediatric chronic pain terminology, addresses effective treatment strategies, and discusses the evidence-based use of pharmacology. Common symptoms of an underlying pain vulnerability present in the three most common chronic pain disorders in pediatrics: primary headaches, centrally mediated abdominal pain syndromes, and/or chronic/recurrent musculoskeletal and joint pain...
December 10, 2016: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924390/technical-standardization-of-laparoscopic-repair-of-morgagni-diaphragmatic-hernia-in-children-results-of-a-multicentric-survey-on-43-patients
#10
Ciro Esposito, Maria Escolino, Francois Varlet, Amulya Saxena, Sabine Irtan, Paul Philippe, Alessandro Settimi, Mariapina Cerulo, Holger Till, Francois Becmeur, George W Holcomb
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to standardize the surgical correction technique of congenital Morgagni diaphragmatic hernia (CMDH), analyzing the results of an international multicentric survey. METHODS: The medical records of 43 patients (29 boys, 14 girls) who underwent laparoscopic repair of CMDH in 8 pediatric surgery units in a 5-year period were retrospectively reviewed. Their average age was 3.3 years. Ten patients (23.2%) presented associated malformations: 9 Down syndrome (20...
December 6, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920643/elevated-lipase-during-initial-presentation-of-ulcerative-colitis-in-a-pediatric-patient-do-we-check-for-it
#11
Piyali Ray, Melissa R Van Arsdall
There are very few reports of elevated lipase in pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Symptoms of pancreatitis may be masked by abdominal pain in pediatric IBD. During the initial presentation of IBD in our patient, lipase was elevated to more than 3 times the upper limit of normal. Normalization of values coincided with remission of IBD. This may be due to extraintestinal involvement of the pancreas as part of the inflammatory process or due to leakage of pancreatic enzymes from an inflamed gut or mediated by inflammatory cytokines...
September 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908963/anomalous-mesenteric-vessel-a-rare-etiology-of-intermittent-partial-small-bowel-obstruction
#12
Natasha Hansraj, Shannon M Larabee, Kimberly M Lumpkins
We report a case of an 11-year with recurrent episodes of abdominal pain and vomiting. Diagnostic laparoscopy during a severe episode demonstrated an anomalous blood vessel incompletely encircling the bowel, leading to transient partial small bowel obstruction. This likely represents a remnant vessel from the omphalomesenteric duct. Recurrent abdominal pain and vomiting in the pediatric population requires careful history and physical exam, and a willingness to entertain unusual diagnoses.
December 1, 2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870784/intussusception-with-cecal-cyst-as-lead-point-in-a-child
#13
Michelle Lai, Brian A Coakley, Eric M Webber, Ran D Goldman
Intussusception is a pediatric abdominal emergency in early childhood involving telescoping of 1 part of the bowel into another part. In most children, the condition is idiopathic with no identifiable lead point. Meckel diverticulum is the most common lead point, followed by polyps and duplication cysts. We describe a case of a boy with intussusception caused by a duplication cyst that was drawn retrograde through the ileocecal valve. The patient presented after a 3-month period of symptomatology and had been considered to have constipation before signs of intestinal obstruction developed...
November 19, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769855/acute-intermittent-porphyria-in-children-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
Manisha Balwani, Preeti Singh, Anju Seth, Ekta Malik Debnath, Hetanshi Naik, Dana Doheny, Brenden Chen, Makiko Yasuda, Robert J Desnick
Acute Intermittent Porphyria (AIP), an autosomal dominant inborn error of heme metabolism, typically presents in adulthood, most often in women in the reproductive age group. There are limited reports on the clinical presentation in children, and in contrast to the adults, most of the reported pediatric cases are male. While acute abdominal pain is the most common presenting symptom in children, seizures are commonly seen and may precede the diagnosis of AIP. As an example, we report a 9year old developmentally normal pre-pubertal boy who presented with acute abdominal pain, vomiting and constipation followed by hyponatremia, seizures, weakness and neuropathy...
December 2016: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621160/diagnostic-accuracy-of-fecal-calprotectin-for-pediatric-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-primary-care-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Gea A Holtman, Yvonne Lisman-van Leeuwen, Boudewijn J Kollen, Obbe F Norbruis, Johanna C Escher, Angelika Kindermann, Yolanda B de Rijke, Patrick F van Rheenen, Marjolein Y Berger
PURPOSE: In specialist care, fecal calprotectin (FCal) is a commonly used noninvasive diagnostic test for ruling out inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in children with chronic gastrointestinal symptoms. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of FCal for IBD in symptomatic children in primary care. METHODS: We studied 2 prospective cohorts of children with chronic diarrhea, recurrent abdominal pain, or both: children initially seen in primary care (primary care cohort) and children referred to specialist care (referred cohort)...
September 2016: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460403/prevalence-of-abdominal-migraine-and-recurrent-abdominal-pain-in-a-japanese-clinic
#16
Toshiyuki Hikita
Prevalence of abdominal migraine (AM) and recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) was evaluated in patients who visited Hikita Pediatric Clinic between May 2010 and April 2015. Patient data were collected prospectively using a questionnaire. Out of a total of 3611 cases, observed prevalence was 2.44% for repeated abdominal pain over a period of ≥3 months, 1.47% for RAP, and 0.19% for AM. Duration of abdominal pain was longer for AM than for non-AM RAP. Certain clinical features were significantly different between AM and non-AM RAP...
July 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437927/functional-dyspepsia-an-enigma-in-a-conundrum
#17
Claudio Romano, Simona Valenti, Sabrina Cardile, Marc A Benninga
As defined by Rome III, there are 4 abdominal pain-related functional gastrointestinal disorders in children: irritable bowel syndrome, functional dyspepsia (FD), abdominal migraine, and functional abdominal pain. Dyspepsia is a constellation of symptoms referable to the gastroduodenal region of the upper gastrointestinal tract. FD refers to dyspeptic symptoms that cannot currently be explained by an organic cause, and affects 25% to 40% of the adult population over a lifetime. In children, this condition results in increased specialist consultations, with reported prevalence between 3% and 27%...
December 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27409067/genetic-analysis-of-japanese-children-with-acute-recurrent-and-chronic-pancreatitis
#18
Nobutomo Saito, Mitsuyoshi Suzuki, Yumiko Sakurai, Satoshi Nakano, Nakayuki Naritaka, Kei Minowa, Jin K Sai, Toshiaki Shimizu
OBJECTIVES: Causes of acute recurrent pancreatitis (ARP) or chronic pancreatitis (CP) are sometimes difficult to determine in children. In such patients, genetic analysis may prove helpful. The present study analyzed mutations of cationic trypsinogen (PRSS1), serine protease inhibitor Kazal type 1 (SPINK1), chymotrypsin C (CTRC), and carboxypeptidase A1 (CPA1) and investigated the clinical features of children with these mutations. METHODS: Genetic analyses of mutations in these 4 genes were conducted in 128 patients with ARP or CP...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27303020/chronic-appendicitis-in-children
#19
David Kim, Sonia A Butterworth, Ran D Goldman
QUESTION: While the diagnosis of acute appendicitis is relatively straightforward, chronic appendicitis is an entity that can be controversial and is often misdiagnosed. How and when should clinicians be investigating chronic appendicitis as a cause of chronic and recurrent abdominal pain in the pediatric population? ANSWER: Chronic appendicitis is a long-standing inflammation or fibrosis of the appendix that presents clinically as prolonged or intermittent abdominal pain...
June 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27251653/congenital-retrosternal-hernias-of-morgagni-manifestation-and-treatment-in-children
#20
Oleksii Slepov, Sergii Kurinnyi, Oleksii Ponomarenko, Mikhailo Migur
BACKGROUND: Due to scarcity of congenital diaphragmatic hearnias of Morgagni (CDHM), non-specific clinical presentation in the pediatric age group, we aimed to investigate the incidence, clinical manifestations, anatomical characteristics, and develop diagnostic algorithm and treatment of CDHM in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The patients' records of children with CDHM treated in our hospital during past 20 years were retrospectively reviewed for the age at diagnosis, gender, clinical findings, anatomical features, operative details and outcome...
April 2016: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
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