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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131307/breastfeeding-weaning-and-dietary-practices-during-the-western-zhou-dynasty-1122-771-bc-at-boyangcheng-anhui-province-china
#1
Yang Xia, Jinglei Zhang, Fei Yu, Hui Zhang, Tingting Wang, Yaowu Hu, Benjamin T Fuller
OBJECTIVES: Here we investigate breastfeeding and weaning practices and adult dietary habits at the Western Zhou Dynasty (1122-771 BC) site of Boyangcheng () located in Anhui Province, China. In addition, we utilize the differences in bone collagen turnover rates between rib and long bones from the same individual to examine past life histories, such as changes in diet or residence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bone collagen from both the rib and long bones (either femora or humeri) of 42 individuals was measured for stable isotope ratios of carbon (δ(13) C) and nitrogen (δ(15) N)...
November 13, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129611/effect-of-sleep-curtailment-on-dietary-behavior-and-physical-activity-a-randomized-crossover-trial
#2
Eri Tajiri, Eiichi Yoshimura, Yoichi Hatamoto, Hiroaki Tanaka, Seiya Shimoda
Our objective was to clarify the effect of sleep curtailment on energy intake (EI) and physical activity under free-living conditions. Participants were 16 healthy women aged 21-22years. A randomized crossover trial design was used to compare a short sleep condition (SS): 4h/night (2:00-6:00) and a control sleep condition (CS): 7h/night (23:00-6:00). Each condition comprised 3 consecutive nights. Sleep duration was assessed using a wristwatch-type accelerometer at home. All living activities except sleeping were free-living...
November 9, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097639/anopheline-mosquitoes-behaviour-and-entomological-monitoring-in-southwestern-ethiopia
#3
Kidane Lelisa, Abebe Asale, Behailu Taye, Daniel Emana, Delenasaw Yewhalaw
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Despite a tremendous expansion in the financing and coverage of malaria control programmes, the disease continues to be a global health threat. This study was conducted to assess the entomological parameters of anopheline mosquitoes, viz. species composition, abundance, longevity, behaviour and infectivity rates in Kersa district, Jimma zone, southwestern Ethiopia. METHODS: Mosquito collection was carried out from each selected household in each of the nine selected study villages of Kersa district, using CDC light-traps and pyrethrum spray catches (PSCs) for seven months (June to December 2014)...
July 2017: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969175/pattern-of-allergen-sensitivity-among-patients-with-bronchial-asthma-and-or-allergic-rhinosinusitis-in-a-tertiary-care-centre-of-southern-india
#4
Bharti Chogtu, Neha Magaji, Rahul Magazine, Preetam R Acharya
INTRODUCTION: The distribution of aeroallergens varies among various geographical areas of India and the knowledge of allergen sensitivity pattern in this part of Southern Indian (Karnataka) is limited. This data can provide clinically useful information and better understanding of common allergies prevalent in this area. AIM: To study the pattern of allergen sensitivity among patients with bronchial asthma and/or allergic rhinosinusitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, patients diagnosed with bronchial asthma and/or allergic rhinitis who underwent skin prick testing, were included in the study...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965725/a-prospective-randomized-trial-of-the-cut-and-sew-maze-procedure-in-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-rheumatic-mitral-valve-disease
#5
Huishan Wang, Jinsong Han, Zengwei Wang, Zongtao Yin, Zhigang Liu, Yan Jin, Hongguang Han
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of the addition of the cut-and-sew Maze III procedure (CSM) for mitral valve replacement (MVR) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) associated with rheumatic mitral valve disease (RMVD). METHODS: A total of 130 patients with persistent or long-standing persistent AF associated with RMVD were assigned at random to either the CSM plus MVR (Maze III) group or MVR alone (non-Maze) group. The primary endpoint was a composite of freedom from stroke and death at 1 year...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961604/indirect-costs-and-family-burden-of-pediatric-crohn-s-disease-in-the-united-states
#6
Stacy A Kahn, Chia-Wei Lin, Burak Ozbay, Anthony Wang, Jingdong Chao, Martha Skup
BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease (CD) negatively impacts patient quality of life and results in greater healthcare utilization. For pediatric CD patients, the burden also extends to their caregivers. We aimed to estimate work loss and productivity costs among caregivers of pediatric CD patients. METHODS: Data were from Truven MarketScan databases (2000-2012). Patients were <18 years old with ≥2 ICD-9 CD diagnostic codes. Controls were those without CD or ulcerative colitis and were matched to patients by age, Charlson Comorbidity Index, index year, and insurance plan category...
December 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947897/corrigendum-microbiome-of-trichodesmium-colonies-from-the-north-pacific-subtropical-gyre
#7
Mary R Gradoville, Byron C Crump, Ricardo M Letelier, Matthew J Church, Angelicque E White
[This corrects the article on p. 1122 in vol. 8, PMID: 28729854.].
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942567/diagnostic-accuracy-of-mr-imaging-for-direct-visualization-of-lumbar-pars-defect-in-children-and-young-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Amira Dhouib, Anne Tabard-Fougere, Sylviane Hanquinet, Romain Dayer
PURPOSE: The accurate diagnosis of spondylolysis is widely made with CT scan considered as the gold standard. However, CT represents significant radiation exposure particularly substantial in a young and sometimes still growing population. Although the role of MRI in identifying edema/inflammation within the pars as an active lesion is proved, its ability to demonstrate and classify pars fracture line as same as CT is still controversial. This meta-analysis aimed to determine sensitivity and specificity of MRI in the direct visualisation of the pars defect...
September 23, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934962/age-and-sex-corrected-normal-reference-values-of-t1-t2%C3%A2-t2-and-ecv-in-healthy-subjects-at-3t-cmr
#9
Clotilde Roy, Alisson Slimani, Christophe de Meester, Mihaela Amzulescu, Agnès Pasquet, David Vancraeynest, Jean-Louis Vanoverschelde, Anne-Catherine Pouleur, Bernhard L Gerber
BACKGROUND: Myocardial T1, T2 and T2* imaging techniques become increasingly used in clinical practice. While normal values for T1, T2 and T2* times are well established for 1.5 Tesla (T) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR), data for 3T remain scarce. Therefore we sought to determine normal reference values relative to gender and age and day to day reproducibility for native T1, T2, T2* mapping and extracellular volume (ECV) at 3T in healthy subjects. METHODS: After careful exclusion of cardiovascular abnormality, 75 healthy subjects aged 20 to 90 years old (mean 56 ± 19 years, 47% women) underwent left-ventricular T1 (3-(3)-3-(3)-5 MOLLI)), T2 (8 echo- spin echo-imaging) and T2 * (8 echo gradient echo imaging) mapping at 3T CMR (Philips Ingenia 3T and computation of extracellular volume after administration of 0...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906425/impact-of-changeover-to-newer-endoscopic-systems-on-quality-and-efficiency-of-screening-and-surveillance-colonoscopy-equipment-or-endoscopist
#10
Manpreet Singh, Melody Sacatos, Loren Laine
GOALS: The goal of this study is to assess whether changeover to newer endoscopic systems impacts quality or efficiency, and quantify the relation between increased withdrawal time and detection rates of sessile serrated polyps (SSPDR) and adenomas (ADR) in real-world practice. STUDY: Beginning 2 months after new endoscopic systems were implemented at 2 endoscopy units, we included all outpatients undergoing screening/surveillance colonoscopy for 4 months. Outpatients during the same 4-month period 1 year earlier comprised the control group...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885493/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-posttransplant-hepatic-artery-and-biliary-complications-in-patients-treated-with-transarterial-chemoembolization-before-liver-transplantation
#11
Dimitri Sneiders, Thymen Houwen, Liset H M Pengel, Wojciech G Polak, Frank J M F Dor, Hermien Hartog
BACKGROUND: Hepatic artery complications are feared complications after liver transplantation and may compromise the biliary tract, graft and patient survival. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to compare risk of hepatic artery and biliary complications after liver transplantation in patients who underwent neoadjuvant transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) vs. no TACE. METHODS: Comprehensive searches were performed in Embase, MEDLINE OvidSP, Web of Science, Google Scholar and Cochrane databases to identify studies concerning hepatocellular cancer patients undergoing preliver transplantation TACE...
September 6, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843882/influence-of-various-bonding-techniques-on-the-fracture-strength-of-thin-cad-cam-fabricated-occlusal-glass-ceramic-veneers
#12
Christine Yazigi, Matthias Kern, Mohamed Sad Chaar
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficiency of immediate dentin sealing and the effects of different bonding protocols on the fracture strength of CAD/CAM occlusal veneers bonded to exposed dentin. METHODS: Ninety-six extracted maxillary premolars were initially divided into three main groups with 32 specimens each: without immediate dentin sealing, immediate dentin sealing/total etching and immediate dentin sealing/selective etching. Teeth were identically prepared in the dentin to receive occlusal veneers of 0...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756694/factors-influencing-medical-staff-s-intentions-to-implement-family-witnessed-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-a-cross-sectional-multihospital-survey
#13
Chien-Liang Chen, Jing-Shia Tang, Meng-Kuan Lai, Chiu-Hsia Hung, Hsiu-Mei Hsieh, Hui-Lin Yang, Chia-Chang Chuang
BACKGROUND: In Taiwan, the current status of family-witnessed resuscitation (FWR) and the factors associated with behavioural intentions to implement FWR have not been systematically examined using representative medical staff. AIM: We explored predictive factors for behavioural intentions to implement FWR among medical staff using constructs from the theory of planned behaviour. METHODS: A survey of 1605 medical staff from five hospitals in southern Taiwan was conducted...
August 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717044/congenital-myotonic-dystrophy-an-rna-mediated-disease-across-a-developmental-continuum
#14
Sujatha Jagannathan, Robert K Bradley
Thomas and colleagues (pp. 1122-1133) demonstrate severe dysregulation of developmentally regulated alternative splicing and polyadenylation in congenital myotonic dystrophy (CDM). In doing so, they also highlight the importance of these post-transcriptional processes during normal fetal muscle development. Finally, they generate and characterize a mouse model of CDM that lacks all three Muscleblind-like proteins.
June 1, 2017: Genes & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712585/conduction-disturbance-after-isolated-surgical-aortic-valve-replacement-in-degenerative-aortic-stenosis
#15
You Mi Hwang, Jun Kim, Ji Hyun Lee, Minsu Kim, Jongmin Hwang, Joon Bum Kim, Sung-Ho Jung, Suk Jung Choo, Gi Byoung Nam, Kee Joon Choi, Cheol Hyun Chung, Jae Won Lee, You Ho Kim
OBJECTIVE: Conduction disturbances are common in patients with aortic stenosis. We investigated the incidence, reversibility, and prognosis of conduction disorders requiring permanent pacemaker implantation in patients with degenerative aortic stenosis after isolated aortic valve replacement. METHODS: This was a retrospective study conducted at a tertiary care center. We evaluated the incidence of conduction disturbances in patients who underwent isolated surgical aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis between January 2005 and May 2015...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703911/low-incidence-of-metastasis-and-recurrence-from-cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma-found-in-a-uk-population-do-we-need-to-adjust-our-thinking-on-this-rare-but-potentially-fatal-event
#16
Toby G Nelson, Richard E Ashton
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) is the commonest skin cancer with metastatic potential, however, reported rates of metastasis varies greatly. All cases of primary cSCC on the Isle of Wight between 2005 and 2014 were identified and retrospectively followed for recurrence and/or metastasis. Primary outcome was to identify the rate of metastasis/recurrence from cSCC. Secondary outcomes included associated risk factors for metastasis/recurrence, death from cSCC, and time from diagnosis of primary cSCC to event...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696026/a-genome-wide-association-study-for-a-proxy-of-intermuscular-fat-level-in-the-italian-large-white-breed-identifies-genomic-regions-affecting-an-important-quality-parameter-for-dry-cured-hams
#17
L Fontanesi, G Schiavo, G Galimberti, S Bovo, V Russo, M Gallo, L Buttazzoni
Intermuscular fat content in protected designations of origin dry-cured hams is a very important meat quality trait that affects the acceptability of the product by the consumers. An excess in intermuscular fat (defined as the level of fat deposition between leg muscles) is a defect that depreciates the final product. In this study we carried out a genome-wide association study for visible intermuscular fat (VIF) of hams in the Italian Large White pig breed. This trait was evaluated on the exposed muscles of green legs in 1122 performance-tested gilts by trained personnel, according to a classification scale useful for routine and cheap evaluation...
August 2017: Animal Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691880/-five-year-experience-with-the-multidisciplinary-evaluation-of-breast-lesions-according-to-the-decker-radio-pathologic-correlation-system
#18
Gábor Cserni, Éva Ambrózay, Orsolya Serfőző
INTRODUCTION: Lesions identified during breast imaging often require microscopic verification. Current recommendations imply the classification of radiological, clinical, cytology and core biopsy findings into one of five predefined categories. The Decker system also includes a classification of both the correlation between radiology and pathology and the actions required on this basis. AIM: To report on the five-year results of the implementation of the Decker system in our pretreatment multidisciplinary breast team...
July 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670532/are-predictive-equations-for-estimating-resting-energy-expenditure-accurate-in-asian-indian-male-weightlifters
#19
Mini Joseph, Riddhi Das Gupta, L Prema, Mercy Inbakumari, Nihal Thomas
BACKGROUND: The accuracy of existing predictive equations to determine the resting energy expenditure (REE) of professional weightlifters remains scarcely studied. Our study aimed at assessing the REE of male Asian Indian weightlifters with indirect calorimetry and to compare the measured REE (mREE) with published equations. A new equation using potential anthropometric variables to predict REE was also evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: REE was measured on 30 male professional weightlifters aged between 17 and 28 years using indirect calorimetry and compared with the eight formulas predicted by Harris-Benedicts, Mifflin-St...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633287/genetic-diseases-and-aneuploidies-can-be-detected-with-a-single-blastocyst-biopsy-a-successful-clinical-approach
#20
Maria Giulia Minasi, Francesco Fiorentino, Alessandra Ruberti, Anil Biricik, Elisabetta Cursio, Ettore Cotroneo, Maria Teresa Varricchio, Matteo Surdo, Francesca Spinella, Ermanno Greco
STUDY QUESTION: Can simultaneous detection of aneuploidies and genetic diseases or chromosomal aberrations in blastocysts reduce the chance of transferring embryos with low implantation potential, guaranteeing good clinical outcomes? SUMMARY ANSWER: The screening for chromosomal aneuploidies revealed that 50.6% of blastocysts diagnosed free of genetic disease or balanced, were aneuploid, therefore avoiding the transfer of blastocysts potentially resulting in implantation failures, miscarriages, or in some cases, in health affected live births...
August 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
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