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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26630291/dynamics-of-fat-mass-in-duhtp-mice-selected-for-running-performance-fat-mobilization-in-a-walk
#1
Julia Brenmoehl, Daniela Ohde, Christina Walz, Julia Schultz, Armin Tuchscherer, Florian Rieder, Ulla Renne, Andreas Hoeflich
OBJECTIVE: Reduction of body fat can be achieved by dietary programs and/or aerobic exercise training. More convenient methods to rid the body of excess fat are needed. However, it is unclear whether it is possible to more easily lose body weight at all. METHODS: DUhTP mice bred through phenotype selection for high treadmill performance and unselected controls were voluntarily physically active in a running wheel over a period of 3 weeks. Phenotypical data were collected, and subcutaneous fat was analyzed for expression of mitochondria-relevant proteins...
2015: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25650733/discriminant-models-to-estimate-the-body-weight-loss-after-a-six-month-long-diet-and-exercise-based-intervention
#2
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Miguel A Rojo-Tirado, Pedro J Benito, Ana B Peinado, Augusto G Zapico, Franciso J Calderón
BACKGROUND: The main concern of the people who follow a weight loss program is the body weight loss, independently of the body composition. The aim of this study was to create a mathematical model able to discriminate the body weight change based on initial body composition variables. METHODS: The study included 239 overweight and obese participants (18-50 years; Body Mass Index (BMI)>25 and <34.9 kg/m2). Participants performed an endrance, strength or a combined endurance and strength training three times per week, or followed the American College of Sports Medicine physical activity guidelines for body weight loss, during twenty-four weeks while having 25-30% caloric restriction...
January 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25566468/combined-influence-of-dietary-restriction-and-treadmill-running-on-mcp-1-and-the-expression-of-oxidative-stress-related-mrna-in-the-adipose-tissue-in-obese-mice
#3
Nayoung Ahn, Kijin Kim
PURPOSE: This study suggests that the negative effects of inflammation caused by obesity could be prevented through diet restriction and exercise. METHODS: In this study, 44 C57/BL6 male mice at about 4 weeks old (Orient bio, South Korea) were given a high fat diet for 5 weeks to make them obese. To help the mice lose weight, their dietary intake was limited and they were exercised on the treadmill for 8 weeks, and during that period, we analyzed the changes of MCP-1, ERK, Mn-SOD, HIF-1, and NOX in epididymal adipose tissue...
September 2014: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22375209/the-effects-of-exercise-in-obese-women-with-bulimia-nervosa
#4
Nasim Habibzadeh, Hassn Daneshmandi
PURPOSE: Obesity has been identified as a risk factor for the development of bulimia nervosa (BN) in those who try to lose weight. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of walking exercise in order to provide a method for overcoming bulimia nervosa in obese young women suffering from bulimia nervosa. METHODS: Twenty obese women with bulimia nervosa (body mass index [BMI]>30) and a mean age of 22.00±1.50 years volunteered to participate in this study...
December 2010: Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21846473/effects-of-exercise-training-and-a-hypocaloric-diet-on-female-monozygotic-twins-in-free-living-conditions
#5
Joerg Koenigstorfer, Walter F J Schmidt
This paper aims to examine the similarities in effects of exercise training and a hypocaloric diet within overweight female monozygotic twin pairs and to assess differences in twin partners' responses depending on the timing of exercise bouts and main meals. Six previously untrained twin pairs (aged 20-37 years, body fat 35.8±6.3%) performed an identical exercise program (12 bouts endurance and 8 bouts resistance training) and took part in a nutrition counseling program for a period of 28 days. They pursued one identical goal: to lose body weight and fat...
October 24, 2011: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21411835/exercising-fasting-or-fed-to-enhance-fat-loss-influence-of-food-intake-on-respiratory-ratio-and-excess-postexercise-oxygen-consumption-after-a-bout-of-endurance-training
#6
Antonio Paoli, Giuseppe Marcolin, Fabio Zonin, Marco Neri, Andrea Sivieri, Quirico F Pacelli
Exercise and nutrition are often used in combination to lose body fat and reduce weight. In this respect, exercise programs are as important as correct nutrition. Several issues are still controversial in this field, and among them there are contrasting reports on whether training in a fasting condition can enhance weight loss by stimulating lipolytic activity. The authors' purpose was to verify differences in fat metabolism during training in fasting or feeding conditions. They compared the effect on oxygen consumption (VO2) and substrate utilization, estimated by the respiratory-exchange ratio (RER), in 8 healthy young men who performed the same moderate-intensity training session (36 min of cardiovascular training on treadmill at 65% maximum heart rate) in the morning in 2 tests in random sequence: FST test (fasting condition) without any food intake or FED test (feeding condition) after breakfast...
February 2011: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21083936/factors-influencing-overweight-children-s-commencement-of-and-continuation-in-a-resistance-training-program
#7
Melanie Pescud, Simone Pettigrew, Michael R McGuigan, Robert U Newton
BACKGROUND: In light of the child overweight and obesity problem in Australia, resistance training programs have been trialled as an innovative way of assisting children increase lean body mass and reduce body fat. The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors influencing overweight children's participation in a resistance training trial program. METHOD: Parent-child pairs who participated in the trial program were invited to take part in a follow-up individual interview to discuss their program experiences...
2010: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20617289/improved-nutrient-intake-in-older-obese-adults-undergoing-a-structured-diet-and-exercise-intentional-weight-loss-program
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
G D Miller
OBJECTIVES: Physicians are often reluctant to advise older obese patients to lose weight for fear of compromised nutrition and excessive loss of muscle mass and strength, all of which may lead to a loss of independence and accelerate disability. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine nutrient intake in older obese adults undergoing a weight loss intervention. SETTING: The study setting was at a university research facility. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 71 participants (age, 69...
June 2010: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20048509/prescribing-physical-activity-applying-the-acsm-protocols-for-exercise-type-intensity-and-duration-across-3-training-frequencies
#9
Wayne L Westcott, Richard A Winett, James J Annesi, Janet R Wojcik, Eileen S Anderson, Patrick J Madden
When physicians advise patients to attain more physical activity, they usually recommend a walking program. However, in a similar way to no exercise, those embarking on a walking program will typically lose 4 to 6 lb of lean weight and reduce their resting metabolic rate 2% to 3% every decade. These effects may be mitigated by the inclusion of resistance exercise. The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) minimum exercise guidelines recommend 20 minutes of aerobic activity 3 days per week, and 1 set (8-12 repetitions) of 8 to 10 resistance exercises to train the major muscle groups 2 days per week...
June 2009: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19723783/improved-insulin-sensitivity-after-weight-loss-and-exercise-training-is-mediated-by-a-reduction-in-plasma-fatty-acid-mobilization-not-enhanced-oxidative-capacity
#10
Simon Schenk, Matthew P Harber, Cara R Shrivastava, Charles F Burant, Jeffrey F Horowitz
Obesity is characterized by excessive rates of plasma fatty acid mobilization and uptake, which play a key role in mediating insulin resistance. While weight loss via diet-only or a diet + exercise program clearly improves insulin sensitivity, the precise mechanisms modulating this improvement are not completely understood. The purpose of the present study was to determine the role of the reduced fatty acid mobilization and uptake after weight loss in obese women who were randomly assigned to lifestyle interventions of either weight loss without exercise (WL) (n = 7) or a weight loss + exercise program (WL + EX) (n = 10)...
October 15, 2009: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19188900/supervised-exercise-versus-non-supervised-exercise-for-reducing-weight-in-obese-adults
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
S P A Nicolaï, L M Kruidenier, P Leffers, R Hardeman, A Hidding, J A W Teijink
AIM: The prevalence of obesity is rising. Because obesity is positively associated with many health related risks and negatively associated with life expectancy this is a threat to public health. Physical exercise is a well known method to lose fat mass. Due to shame of their appearance, bad general condition and social isolation, starting and continuing physical exercise tends to be problematic for obese adults. A supervised training program could be useful to overcome such negative factors...
March 2009: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16946801/preventing-sarcopenic-obesity-among-breast-cancer-patients-who-receive-adjuvant-chemotherapy-results-of-a-feasibility-study
#12
Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Anne Jacobs Kenyon, Pamela Eberle, Ann Skye, William E Kraus
PURPOSE: Weight gain is a common side effect of adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer - a side effect that decreases quality of life and also may decrease both disease-free and overall survival. This weight gain also is unique, since patients lose lean body mass while they gain weight. These body composition changes become apparent within six months of diagnosis. METHODS: We explored whether a clinic-based exercise program, which promoted a specialized program of strength training, aerobic activity and a healthful (</=20% fat; fruit, vegetable and calcium-rich) diet could prevent body composition change among Stage I/II premenopausal breast cancer patients who would receive adjuvant chemotherapy...
February 2002: Clinical Exercise Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16046715/dietary-protein-and-exercise-have-additive-effects-on-body-composition-during-weight-loss-in-adult-women
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Donald K Layman, Ellen Evans, Jamie I Baum, Jennifer Seyler, Donna J Erickson, Richard A Boileau
This study examined the interaction of 2 diets (high protein, reduced carbohydrates vs. low protein, high carbohydrates) with exercise on body composition and blood lipids in women (n = 48, approximately 46 y old, BMI = 33 kg/m(2)) during weight loss. The study was a 4-mo weight loss trial using a 2 x 2 block design (Diet x Exercise). Diets were equal in total energy (7.1 MJ/d) and lipids ( approximately 30% energy intake) but differed in protein content and the ratio of carbohydrate:protein at 1.6 g/(kg . d) and <1...
August 2005: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15797672/effects-of-calcium-pyruvate-supplementation-during-training-on-body-composition-exercise-capacity-and-metabolic-responses-to-exercise
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Pauline K Koh-Banerjee, Maria P Ferreira, Mike Greenwood, Rodney G Bowden, Patty N Cowan, A L Almada, Richard B Kreider
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the effects of calcium pyruvate supplementation during training on body composition and metabolic responses to exercise. METHODS: Twenty-three untrained females were matched and assigned to ingest in a double blind and randomized manner either 5 g of calcium pyruvate (PYR) or a placebo (PL) twice daily for 30 d while participating in a supervised exercise program. Prior to and following supplementation, subjects had body composition determined via hydrodensiometry; performed a maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test; and performed a 45-min walk test at 70% of pre-training VO2 max in which fasting pre- and post exercise blood samples determined...
March 2005: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12792294/postmenopausal-women-lose-less-visceral-adipose-tissue-during-a-weight-reduction-program
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Hye S Park, Ki-Up Lee
OBJECTIVE: Visceral adipose tissue (VAT) is increased in the postmenopausal state, which may contribute to an increase in cardiovascular diseases. This study was undertaken to investigate whether there is a difference in the change of VAT during a weight reduction program between premenopausal and postmenopausal obese women. DESIGN: This study was a longitudinal clinical intervention of a weight reduction program, including lifestyle modification and adjuvant pharmacotherapy, for 12 weeks in 21 premenopausal and 19 postmenopausal obese women...
May 2003: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11570117/exercise-in-weight-management-of-obesity
#16
REVIEW
P Poirier, J P Després
Obesity is a chronic metabolic disorder associated with CVD and increased morbidity and mortality. When the BMI is > or = 30 kg/m2, mortality rates from all causes, and especially CVD, are increased by 50% to 100%. There is strong evidence that weight loss in overweight and obese individuals improves risk factors for diabetes and CVD. Additional evidence indicates that weight loss and the associated diuresis reduce blood pressure in both overweight hypertensive and nonhypertensive individuals, reduce serum TG levels, increase high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, and may produce some reduction in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations...
August 2001: Cardiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11157323/evaluation-of-anthropometric-equations-to-assess-body-composition-changes-in-young-women
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
K E Friedl, K A Westphal, L J Marchitelli, J F Patton, W C Chumlea, S S Guo
BACKGROUND: Healthy young women who engage in an exercise program may lose fat that is not reflected in body weight changes because of concurrent gains in fat-free mass (FFM). OBJECTIVE: This study addressed the question of how well anthropometry-based predictive equations can resolve these changes. DESIGN: Several widely used skinfold-thickness- or circumference-based equations were compared by using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry to study 150 healthy young women before and after 8 wk of Army basic combat training (average energy expenditure: 11...
February 2001: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9170982/-clinical-study-of-severe-anorexia-nervosa-the-role-of-intravenous-hyperalimentation-therapy
#18
K Denda, N Kitagawa, S Shimanaka
In order to understand the psychopathology of severe anorexia nervosa (AN), and determine appropriate therapeutic approaches, a clinical study was conducted on 13 patients with severe AN who were hospitalized and were treated with intravenous hyperalimentation (IVH). The patients were divided into three types based on their clinical symptoms and initiating factors: Type I (Restricting Type; "Non-dieters"), Type II (Restricting Type: "Dieters"). Type III (Binge-eating/Purging Type). The clinical features of each type were evaluated...
1997: Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi, Psychiatria et Neurologia Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9052338/effects-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-exercise-training-and-weight-reduction-on-exercise-capacity-coronary-risk-factors-behavioral-characteristics-and-quality-of-life-in-obese-coronary-patients
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
C J Lavie, R V Milani
Obesity is strongly associated with coronary artery disease (CAD) and may be an independent risk factor; however, limited data are available on obesity intervention in patients with CAD. We studied 588 consecutive patients, including 235 (40%) who were obese by body mass index criteria (body mass index > or = 27.3 kg/m2 in women and > or = 27.8 kg/m2 in men) before and after out-patient phase II cardiac rehabilitation to determine the effects of this therapy and weight reduction on exercise capacity, CAD risk factors, behavioral characteristics, and quality of life in obese patients with CAD...
February 15, 1997: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/1833705/-adopt-a-healthy-lifestyle-a-motivation-program-to-control-risk-factors-of-arteriosclerosis-in-students
#20
M Klett, A Bauer, G Moch
To reduce coronary heart disease risk factors in children an intervention study among 9-year old students and their 40-year old parents was implemented. 348 subjects were in grade 3 at six elementary schools. All students and some 50% of their parents participated in a comprehensive health instruction and nutrition education program. In addition, an integrated school-based clinic offered facilities to take part in a cholesterol screening activity attracting 89% of students and 50% of parents. As a result, 19% of the students and 51% of the parents whose cholesterol levels exceeded the WHO recommendation of 200 mg/dl were counselled for that reason...
July 1991: Das Offentliche Gesundheitswesen
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