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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456149/plasma-chemerin-in-young-untrained-men-association-with-cardio-metabolic-traits-and-physical-performance-and-response-to-intensive-interval-training
#1
Nejmeddine Ouerghi, Mohamed Kacem Ben Fradj, Marwa Khammassi, Moncef Feki, Naziha Kaabachi, Anissa Bouassida
OBJECTIVES: Chemerin is an adipose tissue-derived adipokine thought to decrease insulin sensitivity and increase cardiometabolic risk. This study aimed to assess the association of chemerin with cardiometabolic risk and physical performance and examine its response to high-intensity interval training (HIIT). METHODS: Eighteen young men have been applied a HIIT program during 8 weeks. Plasma chemerin together with several cardiometabolic factors and physical performance indices were determined before and after the training program...
February 15, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290875/-clinical-and-economic-aspects-of-meldonium-as-part-of-physical-rehabilitation-programs-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-after-percutaneous-coronary-interventions
#2
N P Lyamina, I B Razborov, E S Karpov
PURPOSE: to analyze clinical and economical effectiveness of meldonium as component of integrated program of cardio-rehabilitation in patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD) in the early period after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with incomplete revascularization. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A program of controlled physical training (CPT) was carried out in patients with stable IHD and positive post PCI exercise test (n=48, age less or equal 65 years) starting 8-10 days after PCI...
August 2016: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228110/a-nationwide-survey-of-first-aid-training-and-encounters-in-norway
#3
Håkon Kvåle Bakke, Tine Steinvik, Johan Angell, Torben Wisborg
BACKGROUND: Bystander first aid can improve survival following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest or trauma. Thus, providing first aid education to laypersons may lead to better outcomes. In this study, we aimed to establish the prevalence and distribution of first aid training in the populace, how often first aid skills are needed, and self-reported helping behaviour. METHODS: We conducted a telephone survey of 1000 respondents who were representative of the Norwegian population...
February 23, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174397/-international-communication-in-the-field-of-cardiovascular-surgery
#4
Shinichi Takamoto
In the recent decade medicine developed far beyond people's mind, as transcutaneous aortic valve replacement(TAVR), Mitraclip et al. As recent development of information technology has changed to real time information system in the world, international communication in the field of cardiovascular surgery has also changed to become large in volume, rapid in time and frequent and convenient in use. The Asian Society for Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery(ASCVTS) which has a major role of international communication in the field cardiovascular surgery in Japan, has developed to become one of the major international academic society...
January 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151941/does-training-and-support-of-general-practitioners-in-intensive-treatment-of-people-with-screen-detected-diabetes-improve-medication-morbidity-and-mortality-in-people-with-clinically-diagnosed-diabetes-investigation-of-a-spill-over-effect-in-a-cluster-rct
#5
Morten Charles, Mette V Skriver, Simon J Griffin, Rebecca K Simmons, Daniel R Witte, Else-Marie Dalsgaard, Torsten Lauritzen, Annelli Sandbæk
INTRODUCTION: Very few studies have examined the potential spill-over effect of a trial intervention in general practice. We investigated whether training and support of general practitioners in the intensive treatment of people with screen-detected diabetes improved rates of redeemed medication, morbidity and mortality in people with clinically-diagnosed diabetes. METHODS: This is a secondary, post-hoc, register-based analysis linked to a cluster randomised trial...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042009/so-you-want-to-conduct-a-randomised-trial-learnings-from-a-failed-feasibility-study-of-a-crisis-resource-management-prompt-during-simulated-paediatric-resuscitation
#6
Rachel Teis, Jyai Allen, Nigel Lee, Sue Kildea
BACKGROUND: No study has tested a Crisis Resource Management prompt on resuscitation performance. METHODS: We conducted a feasibility, unblinded, parallel-group, randomised controlled trial at one Australian paediatric hospital (June-September 2014). Eligible participants were any doctor, nurse, or nurse manager who would normally be involved in a Medical Emergency Team simulation. The unit of block randomisation was one of six scenarios (3 control:3 intervention) with or without a verbal prompt...
February 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024987/effects-of-high-intensity-training-on-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-premenopausal-and-postmenopausal-women
#7
Camilla M Mandrup, Jon Egelund, Michael Nyberg, Martina H Lundberg Slingsby, Caroline Andersen, Sofie Løgstrup, Jens Bangsbo, Charlotte Suetta, Bente Stallknecht, Ylva Hellsten
BACKGROUND: Menopause is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease and the causal factors have been proposed to be the loss of estrogen and the subsequent alterations of the hormonal milieu. However, which factors contribute to the deterioration of cardiometabolic health in postmenopausal women is debated as the menopausal transition is also associated with increased age and fat mass. Furthermore, indications of reduced cardiometabolic adaptations to exercise in postmenopausal women add to the adverse health profile...
December 23, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004433/effects-of-early-and-delayed-initiation-of-exercise-training-on-cardiac-and-haemodynamic-function-after-spinal-cord-injury
#8
David W Popok, Christopher R West, Laura McCracken, Andrei V Krassioukov
What is the central question of this study? How does early versus delayed initiation of passive hindlimb cycling, as well as detraining, affect cardiac function and blood pressure control in a rodent model of spinal cord injury? What is the main finding and its importance? Early or delayed initiation of hindlimb cycling improves cardiac and haemodynamic function in spinal cord injury, although the benefits of early administration are more pronounced. We also demonstrate the need for exercise to be maintained, because detraining rapidly reverses the cardiac and haemodynamic benefits...
February 1, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863978/predicting-the-physiological-response-of-tivela-stultorum-hearts-with-digoxin-from-cardiac-parameters-using-artificial-neural-networks
#9
Dora-Luz Flores, Claudia Gómez, David Cervantes, Alberto Abaroa, Carlos Castro, Rubén A Castañeda-Martínez
Multi-layer perceptron artificial neural networks (MLP-ANNs) were used to predict the concentration of digoxin needed to obtain a cardio-activity of specific biophysical parameters in Tivela stultorum hearts. The inputs of the neural networks were the minimum and maximum values of heart contraction force, the time of ventricular filling, the volume used for dilution, heart rate and weight, volume, length and width of the heart, while the output was the digoxin concentration in dilution necessary to obtain a desired physiological response...
January 2017: Bio Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808003/effects-of-a-fifty-six-month-electrical-stimulation-cycling-program-after-tetraplegia-case-report
#10
David R Dolbow, Ashraf S Gorgey, Refka K Khalil, David R Gater
BACKGROUND: Functional electrical stimulation cycling is a common clinical treatment for individuals with spinal cord injury and other paralytic conditions, however, the long term effects of home-based functional electrical stimulation cycling remains unreported. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of a long-term home-based functional electrical stimulation lower extremities cycling (FES-LEC) program on body composition. PARTICIPANT: An adult male 52...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729072/a-study-on-the-knowledge-and-attitudes-on-advanced-life-support-among-medical-students-and-medical-officers-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-sri-lanka
#11
Dissanayake Mudiyanselage Priyantha Udaya Kumara Ralapanawa, Kushalee Poornima Jayawickreme, Ekanayake Mudiyanselage Madhushanka Ekanayake, Pallegoda Vithanage Ranjith Kumarasiri
BACKGROUND: Advanced life support (ALS) and cardio pulmonary resuscitation, provided at the right time is essential for improving mortality in medical emergencies. Accurate knowledge and skills on this regard, in all medical personals is an essential part of medical education and it should be up to date with varying protocols. The aim of this study is to assess the knowledge and attitudes among the undergraduate medical students and medical officers in the Teaching Hospital Peradeniya and provide suggestions to improve the training programme on ALS...
October 12, 2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638878/resistance-based-interval-exercise-acutely-improves-endothelial-function-in-type-2-diabetes
#12
Monique E Francois, Cody Durrer, Kevin J Pistawka, Frank A Halperin, Jonathan P Little
Different modes of exercise, disease, and training status can modify endothelial shear stress and result in distinct effects on endothelial function. To date, no study has examined the influence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and training status on the acute endothelial response to different modes of interval exercise (INT). We examined the effect of a single session of resistance- and cardio-based INT compared with a time-matched control on endothelial function in 12 age-matched T2D participants, 12 untrained, and 11 trained adults (aged 56 ± 7 yr)...
November 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27465304/epidemiology-and-outcomes-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-in-a-developing-country-a-multicenter-cohort-study
#13
Minaz Mawani, Muhammad Masood Kadir, Iqbal Azam, Amber Mehmood, Bryan McNally, Kent Stevens, Rozina Nuruddin, Mohammad Ishaq, Junaid Abdul Razzak
BACKGROUND: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is one of the leading causes of death and disability worldwide. Overall survival after an OHCA has been reported to be poor and limited studies have been conducted in developing countries. We aimed to investigate the rates of survival from OHCA and explore components of the chain of survival in a developing country. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter prospective cohort study in the emergency departments (ED) of five major public and private sector hospitals of Karachi, Pakistan from January 2013 to April 2013...
July 28, 2016: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27430332/study-protocol-of-european-fans-in-training-eurofit-a-four-country-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-lifestyle-program-for-men-delivered-in-elite-football-clubs
#14
Femke van Nassau, Hidde P van der Ploeg, Frank Abrahamsen, Eivind Andersen, Annie S Anderson, Judith E Bosmans, Christopher Bunn, Matthew Chalmers, Ciaran Clissmann, Jason M R Gill, Cindy M Gray, Kate Hunt, Judith G M Jelsma, Jennifer G La Guardia, Pierre N Lemyre, David W Loudon, Lisa Macaulay, Douglas J Maxwell, Alex McConnachie, Anne Martin, Nikos Mourselas, Nanette Mutrie, Ria Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Kylie O'Brien, Hugo V Pereira, Matthew Philpott, Glyn C Roberts, John Rooksby, Mattias Rost, Øystein Røynesdal, Naveed Sattar, Marlene N Silva, Marit Sorensen, Pedro J Teixeira, Shaun Treweek, Theo van Achterberg, Irene van de Glind, Willem van Mechelen, Sally Wyke
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle interventions targeting physical activity, sedentary time and dietary behaviours have the potential to initiate and support behavioural change and result in public health gain. Although men have often been reluctant to engage in such lifestyle programs, many are at high risk of several chronic conditions. We have developed an evidence and theory-based, gender sensitised, health and lifestyle program (European Fans in Training (EuroFIT)), which is designed to attract men through the loyalty they feel to the football club they support...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27393077/cardiovascular-emergencies-and-cardiac-arrest-in-a-pregnant-woman
#15
REVIEW
Anne-Sophie Ducloy-Bouthors, Max Gonzalez-Estevez, Benjamin Constans, Alexandre Turbelin, Catherine Barre-Drouard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27343743/the-cardio-oncology-program-a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-the-care-of-cancer-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease
#16
Sarah Parent, Edith Pituskin, D Ian Paterson
Improved cancer survivorship has resulted in a growing number of Canadians affected by cancer and cardiovascular disease. As a consequence, cardio-oncology programs are rapidly emerging to treat cancer patients with de novo and preexisting cardiovascular disease. The primary goal of a cardio-oncology program is to preserve cardiovascular health to allow the timely delivery of cancer therapy and achieve disease-free remission. Multidisciplinary programs in oncology and cardiology have been associated with enhanced patient well-being and improved clinical outcomes...
July 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27295193/endurance-exercise-training-in-young-adults-with-barth-syndrome-a-pilot-study
#17
W Todd Cade, Dominic N Reeds, Linda R Peterson, Kathryn L Bohnert, Rachel A Tinius, Paul B Benni, Barry J Byrne, Carolyn L Taylor
BACKGROUND: Barth syndrome (BTHS) is a rare X-linked disorder that is characterized by mitochondrial abnormalities, cardio-skeletal myopathy, exercise intolerance, and premature mortality. The effect on endurance exercise training on exercise tolerance, cardio-skeletal function, and quality of life in BTHS is unknown. METHODS: Four young adults (23 ± 5 years, n = 4) with BTHS participated in a 12-week, supervised, individualized endurance exercise training program...
2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27260247/heart-rate-regulation-during-cycle-ergometer-exercise-via-event-driven-biofeedback
#18
Ahmadreza Argha, Steven W Su, Branko G Celler
This paper is devoted to the problem of regulating the heart rate response along a predetermined reference profile, for cycle-ergometer exercises designed for training or cardio-respiratory rehabilitation. The controller designed in this study is a non-conventional, non-model-based, proportional, integral and derivative (PID) controller. The PID controller commands can be transmitted as biofeedback auditory commands, which can be heard and interpreted by the exercising subject to increase or reduce exercise intensity...
March 2017: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27050247/performance-analysis-of-surfing-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Oliver R L Farley, Chris R Abbiss, Jeremy M Sheppard
Farley, ORL, Abbiss, CR, and Sheppard, JM. Performance Analysis of Surfing: A Review. J Strength Cond Res 31(1): 260-271, 2017-Despite the increased professionalism and substantial growth of surfing worldwide, there is limited information available to practitioners and coaches in terms of key performance analytics that are common in other field-based sports. Indeed, research analyzing surfing performance is limited to a few studies examining male surfers' heart rates, surfing activities through time-motion analysis (TMA) using video recordings and Global Positioning Satellite (GPS) data during competition and recreational surfing...
January 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26948135/is-high-intensity-interval-training-more-effective-on-improving-cardiometabolic-risk-and-aerobic-capacity-than-other-forms-of-exercise-in-overweight-and-obese-youth-a-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
A García-Hermoso, A J Cerrillo-Urbina, T Herrera-Valenzuela, C Cristi-Montero, J M Saavedra, V Martínez-Vizcaíno
BACKGROUND: The scientific interest in high-intensity interval training (HIIT) has greatly increased during recent years. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this meta-analysis was to determine the effectiveness of HIIT interventions on cardio-metabolic risk factors and aerobic capacity in overweight and obese youth, in comparison with other forms of exercise. DATA SOURCES: A computerized search was made using seven databases. STUDY ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: The analysis was restricted to studies that examined the effect of HIIT interventions on cardio-metabolic and/or aerobic capacity in pediatric obesity (6-17 years old)...
June 2016: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
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