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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218260/a-case-of-streptococcus-anginosus-brain-abscess-caused-by-contiguous-spread-from-sinusitis-in-an-immunocompetent-patient
#1
Nathan Esplin, John W Stelzer, Sean All, Sundeep Kumar, Ejaz Ghaffar, Sayed Ali
Brain abscesses are infections of the brain parenchyma that can arise from either contiguous spread from local infection or by hematogenous spread from a distant site. Streptococcus anginosus of the Streptococcus anginosus group (SAG) is a commensal microbe of the mucosae of the oral cavity, gastrointestinal tract, and urogenital tract. We present a case of mono-microbial brain abscess caused by contiguous spread from relatively asymptomatic sinusitis that initially presented as a subdural hemorrhage on computed tomography...
October 4, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105326/make-pci-great-again-come-on-usa-catch-up-with-the-rest-of-the-world
#2
EDITORIAL
Richard Heuser
Same day discharge after PCI lags in the USA The radial approach to PCI reduces complications compared to the femoral approach USA physicians need to seize the opportunity to not only perform PCI safely, but with economic responsibility.
November 1, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050186/-influent-factors-for-treating-procedure-of-cytomegalovirus-retinitis-after-allogeneic-bone-marrow-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#3
H Miao, J Hou
Objective: To explore clinical and laboratory factors that influencing treating procedure of cytomegalovirus retinitis (CMVR) after allogeneic bone marrow hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Methods: This is a retrospective case series study. A total of 9 CMVR patients (15 eyes) between January 2016 and March 2017 were included in this study. All patients received intravenous or oral ganciclovir, together with intravitreous injection of ganciclovir alone or combined with foscanet sodium. One day before the first injection, aqueous humor samples from the affected eyes were collected, and CMV-DNA and interleukin-8 (IL-8) level were examined...
October 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808801/post-operative-seizures-after-burr-hole-evacuation-of-chronic-subdural-hematomas-is-prophylactic-anti-epileptic-medication-needed
#4
Gabriel Flores, Juan C Vicenty, Emil A Pastrana
INTRODUCTION: There are limited data with regards to the associated risk of post-operative seizures in patients with surgically treated chronic subdural hematomas (CSDHs). The use of anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) is associated with significant side effects. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on patients operated via burr hole for CSDH in our institution from 2004 to 2013. Post-operative seizures at 1-year follow-up were identified. Demographic data, medical history, and imaging characteristics were recorded...
November 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412574/work-place-drug-testing-of-police-officers-after-thc-exposure-during-large-volume-cannabis-seizures
#5
Gregory S Doran, Ralph Deans, Carlo De Filippis, Chris Kostakis, Julia A Howitt
Police officers responsible for the seizure and removal of illegally grown cannabis plants from indoor and outdoor growing operations face the prospect of THC exposure while performing their work duties. As a result, a study investigating the amount of THC on hands and uniforms of officers during raids on cannabis growing houses (CGHs) and forest cannabis plantations (FCPs) and in the air at these sites was conducted. Swabs of gloves/hands, chests, and heads/necks were collected and analysed for THC. Results of hand swabs indicated that officers removing plants from FCPs were exposed to THC concentrations up to 20 times those involved in raids at CGHs, which was mainly associated with the number and size of plants seized...
April 2, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281418/carpe-diem-seize-the-day-building-on-the-findings-of-the-2015-world-health-organization-evaluation-of-the-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-mdr-tb-programme-to-make-the-most-of-shortened-mdr-tb-treatment-in-south-africa
#6
EDITORIAL
M Loveday, H Cox
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767938/the-prepared-mind
#7
Susan L Garber
Every day, in clinics and hospitals around the world, occupational therapists care for patients with serious problems requiring viable solutions. Each patient is unique, and his or her problem does not necessarily correspond to existing practice models. Practitioners must adapt standard approaches to provide effective outcomes, yet problems exist for which few or no beneficial approaches have been identified. Such clinical issues require solutions to be generated de novo from the practitioner's body of knowledge and past experience...
November 2016: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27560279/time-to-get-happy-associations-of-time-perspective-with-indicators-of-well-being
#8
Sofia-Ioanna Tseferidi, Fay Griva, Fotios Anagnostopoulos
The present study examined associations of time perspective (TP) with indicators of well-being including satisfaction with life, anxiety and depression, after controlling for sociodemographic factors. Adult participants (N = 413) completed a web-based questionnaire that included a short version of the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale. Life satisfaction was more strongly associated with the present hedonistic dimension, suggesting that the tendency to take risks and to fulfil one's desires may lead to experiencing pleasure in a 'seize the day' approach to life...
August 25, 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405875/solid-phase-microextraction-and-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-methods-for-residual-solvent-assessment-in-seized-cocaine-and-heroin
#9
Pamela Cabarcos, Paloma Herbello-Hermelo, Iván Álvarez-Freire, Antonio Moreda-Piñeiro, María Jesús Tabernero, Ana María Bermejo, Pilar Bermejo-Barrera
A simple sample pre-treatment method based on solid phase microextraction (SPME) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) has been optimized and validated for the assessment of 15 residual solvents (2-propanol, 2-methylpentane, 3-methylpentane, acetone, ethyl acetate, benzene, hexane, methylcyclohexane, methylcyclopentane, m-xylene, propyl acetate, toluene, 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene, dichloromethane, and ethylbenzene) in seized illicit cocaine and heroin. DMSO and DMF as sample diluents were found to offer the best residual solvent transference to the head space for further adsorption onto the SPME fiber, and the developed method therefore showed high sensitivity and analytical recovery...
September 2016: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27388619/retinal-vessel-analysis-rva-in-the-context-of-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-a-proof-of-concept-study
#10
Walid Albanna, Catharina Conzen, Miriam Weiss, Hans Clusmann, Matthias Fuest, Marguerite Mueller, Marc Alexander Brockmann, Walthard Vilser, Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss, Anke Hoellig, Marcel Seiz, Claudius Thomé, Konstantin Kotliar, Gerrit Alexander Schubert
BACKGROUND: Timely detection of impending delayed cerebral ischemia after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is essential to improve outcome, but poses a diagnostic challenge. Retinal vessels as an embryological part of the intracranial vasculature are easily accessible for analysis and may hold the key to a new and non-invasive monitoring technique. This investigation aims to determine the feasibility of standardized retinal vessel analysis (RVA) in the context of SAH. METHODS: In a prospective pilot study, we performed RVA in six patients awake and cooperative with SAH in the acute phase (day 2-14) and eight patients at the time of follow-up (mean 4...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27166415/achieving-clinical-competencies-through-community-based-clinical-experiences
#11
Suzanne Martin Stricklin
BACKGROUND: Twenty-five percent of American adults experience a diagnosable psychiatric mental health (PMH) problem each year, and acute care medical-surgical nurses carry on average a five- to six-patient load per shift. Traditionally, U.S. PMH clinical experiences have occurred on inpatient units located within acute care hospitals or psychiatric hospital settings. However, many nursing programs are moving much of the PMH clinical experience to community-based settings. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate how prelicensure undergraduate baccalaureate (BSN) student nurses and their faculty perceive students' ability to achieve learning outcomes in community-based PMH clinical settings...
July 2016: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27153812/genetic-variation-in-neuronal-glutamate-transport-genes-and-associations-with-posttraumatic-seizure
#12
Anne C Ritter, Candace M Kammerer, Maria M Brooks, Yvette P Conley, Amy K Wagner
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic seizures (PTS) commonly occur following severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI). Risk factors for PTS have been identified, but variability in who develops PTS remains. Excitotoxicity may influence epileptogenesis following sTBI. Glutamate transporters manage glutamate levels and excitatory neurotransmission, and they have been associated with both epilepsy and TBI. Therefore, we aimed to determine if genetic variation in neuronal glutamate transporter genes is associated with accelerated epileptogenesis and increased PTS risk after sTBI...
June 2016: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27021629/dna-based-taxonomic-identification-of-basidiospores-in-hallucinogenic-mushrooms-cultivated-in-grow-kits-seized-by-the-police-lc-uv-quali-quantitative-determination-of-psilocybin-and-psilocin
#13
Veniero Gambaro, Gabriella Roda, Giacomo Luca Visconti, Sebastiano Arnoldi, Eleonora Casagni, Lucia Dell'Acqua, Fiorenza Farè, Eleonora Paladino, Chiara Rusconi, Stefania Arioli, Diego Mora
The taxonomic identification of the biological material contained in the hallucinogenic mushrooms culture media, was carried out using a DNA-based approach, thus highlighting the usefulness of this approach in the forensic identification of illegal samples also when they are present as basidiospores mixed in culture media and spore-bearing fruiting body are not present. This approach is very useful as it allows the unequivocal identification of potentially illicit material before the cultivation and it enables to stop the material to the Customs and to destroy it due to its dangerousness without cultivating the "grow-kits" and without instructing a criminal case...
June 5, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26858180/seize-the-day-to-implement-depression-guidelines
#14
EDITORIAL
John W Williams, Gary Maslow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26858178/combined-effects-of-simultaneous-exposure-to-caffeine-and-cocaine-in-the-mouse-striatum
#15
Javier A Muñiz, Gimena Gomez, Betina González, María Celeste Rivero-Echeto, Jean Lud Cadet, Edgar García-Rill, Francisco J Urbano, Veronica Bisagno
Caffeine is the world's most popular psychoactive drug and is also an active adulterant found in many drugs of abuse, including seized cocaine samples. Despite several studies which examine the effects of caffeine or cocaine administered as single agents, little data are available for these agents when given in combination. The purpose of the present study was to determine if combined intake of both psychostimulants can lead to maladaptive changes in striatal function. Mice were injected with a binge regimen (intermittent treatment for 13 days) of caffeine (3 × 5 mg/kg), cocaine (3 × 10 mg/kg), or combined administration...
May 2016: Neurotoxicity Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26826045/hpv-vaccine-introduction-in-rwanda-impacts-on-the-broader-health-system
#16
Sergio Torres-Rueda, Stephen Rulisa, Helen E D Burchett, N Victor Mivumbi, Sandra Mounier-Jack
OBJECTIVES: Rwanda was the first country in Africa to introduce the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine. This was achieved through multi-year school-based campaigns. Our study evaluated the impact of the HPV vaccine introduction on the country's immunisation programme and health system. METHODS: Thirty key informants were interviewed at national and district levels, and in participating schools. Twenty-seven health facilities completed a questionnaire exploring the effects of the new vaccine introduction on six health system building blocks, as defined by the World Health Organization...
March 2016: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26759675/a-massive-overdose-of-dalfampridine
#17
Laura J Fil, Payal Sud, Steven Sattler
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an immune mediated inflammatory disease that attacks myelinated axons in the central nervous system. Dalfampridine (4-aminopyridine) was approved by the Food and Drug Administration in January 2010 for treatment of MS. Our patient was a 34-year-old male with a history of MS, who was brought to the emergency department after being found unresponsive. His current medications were valacyclovir, temazepam, dalfampridine (4-AP) and a tysabri intravenous (IV) infusion. Fifteen minutes after arrival the patient seized...
December 2015: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26714652/continuity-means-preserving-a-consistent-whole-a-grounded-theory-study
#18
Malin Östman, Eva Jakobsson Ung, Kristin Falk
Living with a chronic disease like chronic heart failure (CHF) results in disruptions, losses, and setbacks in the participants' daily lives that affect health and well-being. By using grounded theory method, we illuminate whether persons with CHF experience discontinuity in life and, if so, what helps them to preserve and strengthen continuity in their daily lives. Thirteen individual interviews and one group interview with five participants, aged 62 to 88 years, were carried out. Through data collection and data analysis, we constructed three concepts that make up a model illustrating the participants' experiences in daily life in relation to corporeality, temporality, and identity: experiences of discontinuity, recapturing approaches, and reconciliation...
2015: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26661982/characterization-of-the-designer-drug-deschloroketamine-2-methylamino-2-phenylcyclohexanone-by-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-liquid-chromatography-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry-multistage-mass-spectrometry-and-nuclear-magnetic-resonance
#19
Giampietro Frison, Luca Zamengo, Flavio Zancanaro, Francesco Tisato, Pietro Traldi
RATIONALE: Clinical and forensic toxicology laboratories are challenged every day by the analytical aspects of the new psychoactive substances phenomenon. In this study we describe the analytical characterization of a new ketamine derivative, deschloroketamine (2-methylamino-2-phenylcyclohexanone), contained in seized powders. METHODS: The analytical techniques employed include gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS), liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization coupled with Orbitrap high-resolution/MS (LC/ESI-HRMS), multistage MS (ESI-MS(n)), and NMR...
January 15, 2016: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26654079/on-site-semi-quantitative-analysis-for-ammonium-nitrate-detection-using-digital-image-colourimetry
#20
Aree Choodum, Pichapat Boonsamran, Niamh NicDaeid, Worawit Wongniramaikul
Digital image colourimetry was successfully applied in the semi-quantitative analysis of ammonium nitrate using Griess's test with zinc reduction. A custom-built detection box was developed to enable reproducible lighting of samples, and was used with the built-in webcams of a netbook and an ultrabook for on-site detection. The webcams were used for colour imaging of chemical reaction products in the samples, while the netbook was used for on-site colour analysis. The analytical performance was compared to a commercial external webcam and a digital single-lens reflex (DSLR) camera...
December 2015: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
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