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framingham criteria

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882006/framingham-risk-score-in-impaired-glucose-tolerant-population-a-sub-analysis-of-diabetes-prevention-and-awareness-program-of-pakistan
#1
Asher Fawwad, Hassan Moin, Iftikhar Ahmed Siddiqui, Muhammad Zafar Iqbal Hydrie, Abdul Basit
OBJECTIVE: To assess the 10-year risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) in subjects with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) using Framingham risk score. METHODS: Data for this study was collected from Diabetes Prevention and Awareness Program. Primary prevention team visited different primary health care centers, factories, service organizations and offices within Karachi, Pakistan. IGT was diagnosed according to World Health Organization criteria after taking informed consent...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857821/carotid-artery-atherosclerosis-in-patients-with-active-rheumatoid-arthritis-predictors-of-plaque-occurrence-and-progression-over-24-weeks
#2
Janet E Pope, Tatiana Nevskaya, Lillian Barra, Grace Parraga
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated the prevalence and progression of subclinical carotid artery atherosclerosis in active rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Carotid arteries of RA patients were scanned using 3D ultrasound at baseline and 24 weeks for total plaque area, vessel wall volume, and intima-media thickness (IMT), as well as arterial stiffness measured using pulse wave velocity. Variables related to inflammation, lipids and cardiovascular (CV) risk were assessed for associations with plaque progression...
2016: Open Rheumatology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813300/echocardiographic-screening-for-non-ischaemic-stage-b-heart-failure-in-the-community
#3
Hong Yang, Kazuaki Negishi, Ying Wang, Mark Nolan, Makoto Saito, Thomas H Marwick
AIMS: Incident heart failure (HF) continues to pose a common and serious problem. We sought to examine the value of echocardiographic predictors of new HF in a community-based elderly population at risk for HF, independent of and incremental to clinical evaluation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Asymptomatic patients ≥65 years old, with ≥1 HF risk factor (hypertension, type 2 diabetes, or obesity) were recruited from the community; patients with valve disease, reduced ejection fraction (EF), and atrial fibrillation (AF) were excluded...
November 2016: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776389/arterial-stiffness-in-patients-taking-second-generation-antipsychotics
#4
Ebru Fındıklı, Mustafa Gökçe, Vedat Nacitarhan, Mehmet Akif Camkurt, Hüseyin Avni Fındıklı, Selçuk Kardaş, Merve Coşgun Şahin, Mehmet Fatih Karaaslan
Objective: That treatment with second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) causes metabolic side effects and atherosclerosis in patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder (BD) is well-known. Increased arterial stiffness is an important marker of arteriosclerosis and has been identified as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. We measured pulse wave velocity (PWV) as a marker of arteriosclerosis in patients with schizophrenia and BD who use SGAs. Methods: Patients and controls were collected from our psychiatry outpatient clinics or family medicine...
November 30, 2016: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757680/evaluation-of-a-new-approach-to-compute-intervertebral-disc-height-measurements-from-lateral-radiographic-views-of-the-spine
#5
Brett T Allaire, M Clara DePaolis Kaluza, Alexander G Bruno, Elizabeth J Samelson, Douglas P Kiel, Dennis E Anderson, Mary L Bouxsein
PURPOSE: Current standard methods to quantify disc height, namely distortion compensated Roentgen analysis (DCRA), have been mostly utilized in the lumbar and cervical spine and have strict exclusion criteria. Specifically, discs adjacent to a vertebral fracture are excluded from measurement, thus limiting the use of DCRA in studies that include older populations with a high prevalence of vertebral fractures. Thus, we developed and tested a modified DCRA algorithm that does not depend on vertebral shape...
October 18, 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754006/js-ish-esh-2-update-on-the-detection-and-follow-up-of-early-hypertensive-heart-disease
#6
Enrico Agabiti Rosei
Current Hypertension Guidelines emphasize the importance of assessing the presence of preclinical organ damage. In fact, an extensive evaluation of organ damage may increase the number of patients classified at high CV risk and therefore strongly influence the clinical management of patients. Hypertensive heart disease remains to date the form of organ damage for which there is the greatest amount of evidence of a strong independent prognostic significance. In the presence of a chronic pressure overload, a parallel addition of sarcomers takes place with an increase in myocyte width, which in turn increases left ventricular wall thickness; myocyte hypertrophy is also associated with apoptosis, collagen deposition and ventricular fibrosis with an impairment of coronary hemodynamics as well, thus profoundly influencing functional properties of the left (and right) ventricle...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703569/heart-failure-predictors-in-a-group-of-patients-with-myocardial-infarction
#7
Sokol Myftiu, Petrit Bara, Ilir Sharka, Artan Shkoza, Xhina Belshi, Edlira Rruci, Gentian Vyshka
AIM: The present study considers of the prevalence of heart failure (HF) in patients suffering from acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the University Hospital Centre of Tirana (UHCT) "Mother Theresa"; the demographic and clinical characteristics of the sample during hospitalization; and the main predictors of heart failure occurrence inside the group of patients suffering an AMI. MATERIAL AND METHODS: During a period of study from 2013-2015 we studied demographic and clinical data from 587 consecutive patients presenting with AMI; Framingham criteria were adopted for classifying patients with HF upon admission...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651191/-metabolic-syndrome-increases-framingham-risk-score-of-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#8
Yao Meifang, Sun Xue, Han Jue, T U Yina, H E Jie, Zhao Yiming, Lou Hanyu, Pang Xiaohong, Zeng Wenheng, Zhang Songzhao, Shan Pengfei
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of metabolic syndrome(MS) on Framingham risk score(FRS) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: The anthropometric and biochemical data of 1708 patients with T2DM admitted in hospital from May 2008 to April 2013 were retrospectively analyzed, including 902 males and 806 females with a mean age of 57.1±11.8 years (20-79 years). Diagnosis of MS was made according to the criteria of the Adult Treatment Panel Ⅲ Criteria modified for Asians...
May 25, 2016: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642917/js-ish-esh-2-update-on-the-detection-and-follow-up-of-early-hypertensive-heart-disease
#9
Enrico Agabiti Rosei
Current Hypertension Guidelines emphasize the importance of assessing the presence of preclinical organ damage. In fact, an extensive evaluation of organ damage may increase the number of patients classified at high CV risk and therefore strongly influence the clinical management of patients. Hypertensive heart disease remains to date the form of organ damage for which there is the greatest amount of evidence of a strong independent prognostic significance. In the presence of a chronic pressure overload, a parallel addition of sarcomers takes place with an increase in myocyte width, which in turn increases left ventricular wall thickness; myocyte hypertrophy is also associated with apoptosis, collagen deposition and ventricular fibrosis with an impairment of coronary hemodynamics as well, thus profoundly influencing functional properties of the left (and right) ventricle...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619938/compliance-with-uspstf-recommendations-on-aspirin-for-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-men
#10
Srikrishna Varun Malayala, Ambreen Raza
OBJECTIVE: In 2009, United States Preventive Services Taskforce (USPSTF) recommends aspirin (ASA) for men aged 45-79 years when the benefit of coronary artery disease (CAD) risk reduction outweighs the harm of gastrointestinal haemorrhage. Our objective is to evaluate compliance with this USPSTF recommendation. METHODS: This study is a cross-sectional study and 2011-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) dataset was used for this study. Out of the available sample, 1155 (11...
November 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612893/b-type-natriuretic-peptide-assay-in-differentiating-congestive-heart-failure-from-lung-disease-in-patients-presenting-with-dyspnea
#11
M A Islam, M S Bari, M N Islam, M A Bari, S R Siddique, M Z Islam, M S Begum, S U Ahammed, M A Rahman
This cross-sectional analytical study was conducted in Cardiology & Medicine Department of Mymensingh Medical College Hospital. After fulfilling the exclusion & inclusion criteria, B-type natriuretic peptide concentrations were measured in a convenience sample of 100 predominantly male (94%) dyspnic patients who got admitted in Cardiology & Medicine Department of Mymensingh Medical College & Hospital from November 2013 to October 2014. The diagnosis of Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) was based on generally accepted Framingham criteria with corroborative information including hospital course (response to diuretics, vasodilators, inotropes or hemodynamic monitoring) and results of further cardiac testing, including echocardiography...
July 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611626/cardiovascular-risk-in-hiv-infected-and-uninfected-postmenopausal-minority-women-use-of-the-framingham-risk-score
#12
Yamnia I Cortés, Nancy Reame, Cosmina Zeana, Haomiao Jia, David C Ferris, Elizabeth Shane, Michael T Yin
OBJECTIVE: To characterize and compare cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in HIV-infected and uninfected postmenopausal minority women using the Framingham Risk Score (FRS) as an assessment measure. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis was performed in 152 (109 HIV+, 43 HIV-) subjects from an existing study cohort of postmenopausal Hispanic and African American women. Data necessary to calculate FRS and menopause features were retrieved by retrospective chart review...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606716/carotid-ultrasound-in-the-cardiovascular-risk-stratification-of-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis-results-of-a-population-based-study
#13
Javier Rueda-Gotor, Javier Llorca, Alfonso Corrales, Ricardo Blanco, Patricia Fuentevilla, Virginia Portilla, Rosa Expósito, Cristina Mata, Trinitario Pina, Carlos González-Juanatey, Miguel A González-Gay
OBJECTIVES: To determine if the use of carotid ultrasonography (US) may improve the cardiovascular (CV) risk stratification in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). METHODS: A set of 127 consecutive patients without history of CV events, diabetes mellitus or chronic kidney disease that fulfilled definitions for AS according to the 1984 modified New York criteria were recruited to assess carotid intima-media thickness and presence of plaques. CV risk was calculated according to the systematic coronary risk evaluation (SCORE), the Framingham Risk Score (FRS) and the Reynolds Risk Score (RRS)...
September 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597641/non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-nafld-and-10-year-risk-of-cardiovascular-diseases
#14
Nima Motamed, Behnam Rabiee, Hossein Poustchi, Babak Dehestani, Gholam Reza Hemasi, Mahmood Reza Khonsari, Mansooreh Maadi, Fatemeh Sima Saeedian, Farhad Zamani
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The association between cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) was confirmed by a large body of evidence. This study was conducted to determine the association between NAFLD and 10-year CVD risk. METHODS: This study utilized the data of 2804 subjects aged 40-74 years from a cohort study of northern Iran. Two CVD risk assessment tools, American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association and Framingham general cardiovascular risk profile for use in primary care, were utilized to determine the 10-year CVD risk in patients with NAFLD and the individuals without this condition...
August 30, 2016: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27572249/comparison-of-coronary-heart-disease-risk-among-four-diagnostic-definitions-of-metabolic-syndrome
#15
T Suzuki, Z Zeng, B Zhao, Z Wei, M Tanabe, T Shimbo, H Kajio, N Kato, M Naruse
PURPOSE: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is now well known as one of the major risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD). Currently, there are several methods used to define MetS. The aim of this study was to determine to what extent current MetS definition reflects CHD risk using the probability of CHD in 10 years based on Framingham risk score algorithms. METHODS: A total of 7575 adults, aged 16-93 years (2532 men and 5043 women), were recruited. We conducted a cross-sectional health survey in China using MetS criteria from four different definitions: modified National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATP III), International Diabetes Federation (IDF), Chinese and Japanese...
August 29, 2016: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27470455/high-output-heart-failure-a-15-year-experience
#16
Yogesh N V Reddy, Vojtech Melenovsky, Margaret M Redfield, Rick A Nishimura, Barry A Borlaug
BACKGROUND: High-output heart failure (HF) is an unusual cause of cardiac failure that has not been well-characterized. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to characterize the etiologies, pathophysiology, clinical and hemodynamic characteristics, and outcomes of high-output HF in the modern era. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of all consecutive patients referred to the Mayo Clinic catheterization laboratory for hemodynamic assessment between 2000 and 2014...
August 2, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437886/atherosclerotic-burden-and-heart-failure-after-myocardial-infarction
#17
Yariv Gerber, Susan A Weston, Maurice Enriquez-Sarano, Sheila M Manemann, Alanna M Chamberlain, Ruoxiang Jiang, Véronique L Roger
IMPORTANCE: Whether the extent of coronary artery disease (CAD) is associated with the occurrence of heart failure (HF) after myocardial infarction (MI) is not known. Furthermore, whether this association might differ by HF type according to preserved or reduced ejection fraction (EF) has yet to be determined. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate in a community cohort of patients with incident (first-ever) MI the association of angiographic CAD with subsequent HF and to examine the prognostic role of CAD according to HF subtypes: HF with reduced EF and HF with preserved EF...
May 1, 2016: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27396536/amino-terminal-pro-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-inferior-vena-cava-ultrasound-and-biolectrical-impedance-analysis-for-the-diagnosis-of-acute-decompensated-chf
#18
Paloma Gil Martínez, Daniel Mesado Martínez, Jose Curbelo García, Julen Cadiñanos Loidi
BACKGROUND: Both Framingham criteria and natriuretic peptides (NPs) may worsen their diagnostic validity for acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) in elderly patients with comorbidities, mainly renal failure. Ultrasound of inferior vena cava (IVCu) and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) are useful tools for detecting ADHF, although their utility compared with NP is not fully established. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a prospective study with 96 patients who presented at the emergency department with dyspnea and were classified as ADHF and non-ADHF groups...
September 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27334061/an-exaggerated-blood-pressure-response-to-exercise-is-associated-with-nitric-oxide-bioavailability-and-inflammatory-markers-in-normotensive-females
#19
Ryoma Michishita, Masanori Ohta, Masaharu Ikeda, Ying Jiang, Hiroshi Yamato
This study was designed to examine the associations of an exaggerated systolic blood pressure (SBP) response to exercise with the indices of nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability, oxidative stress, inflammation and arterial stiffness in normotensive females. The subjects included 84 normotensive females without a history of cardiovascular disease or stroke who were not taking any medications. Each subject performed a multistage graded submaximal exercise stress test using an electric bicycle ergometer, and their blood pressure was measured at rest and during the last minute of each stage...
June 23, 2016: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27271475/age-and-gender-differences-in-framingham-risk-score-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-psoriasis-patients-a-cross-sectional-study-in-the-turkish-population
#20
Ayşe Esra Koku Aksu, Zeynep Nurhan Saraçoğlu, Selma Metintaş, İlham Sabuncu, Yıldız Çetin
OBJECTIVE: Psoriasis is associated with an increased frequency of cardiovascular risk factors. Metabolic syndrome (MS) and the Framingham risk score (FRS) are two different algorithms for evaluating cardiovascular risk. They include different features: waist circumference measurement is included in the MS criteria, whereas smoking, age, and gender are questioned in FRS. This study aimed to evaluate the frequency of MS and FRS in psoriasis patients compared with a control group and investigate the differences between MS and FRS...
April 25, 2016: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
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