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anxiety in medical student

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033639/a-survey-focusing-on-lucid-dreaming-metacognition-and-dream-anxiety-in-medical-students
#1
Çağdaş Yokuşoğlu, Mücahit Atasoy, Nurgül Tekeli, Ahmet Ural, Çağla Ulus, Yunus Taylan, Gülser Aydin, Gözde Gültekin, Murat Emül
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to examine the level of lucidity and its relation with metacognitive beliefs and dream anxiety in medical students. METHODS: Nine hundred sixteen medical students were enrolled in the study. The participants were assessed with the Lucidity and Consciousness in Dreams Scale (LuCiD), the Metacognition Questionnaire-30 (MCQ-30), and the Van Dream Anxiety Scale (VDAS). RESULTS: There was no significant difference in mean total lucidity score between females and males, but there were some significant sex differences in subscales of lucidity, and control was significantly higher in male students, while realism, thought, and dissociation were significantly higher in female students...
September 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017594/depression-in-medical-students-insights-from-a-longitudinal-study
#2
Vanessa Silva, Patrício Costa, Inês Pereira, Ricardo Faria, Ana P Salgueira, Manuel J Costa, Nuno Sousa, João J Cerqueira, Pedro Morgado
BACKGROUND: Factors associated with depression of medical students are poorly understood. The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence of depression in medical students, its change during the course, if depression persists for affected students, what are the factors associated with depression and how these factors change over time. METHODS: A prospective, longitudinal observational study was conducted at the Medical School of the University of Minho, Portugal, between academic years 2009-2010 to 2012-2013...
October 10, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017482/gender-differences-in-factors-associated-with-smartphone-addiction-a-cross-sectional-study-among-medical-college-students
#3
Baifeng Chen, Fei Liu, Shushu Ding, Xia Ying, Lele Wang, Yufeng Wen
BACKGROUND: Smartphones are becoming increasingly indispensable in everyday life for most undergraduates in China, and this has been associated with problematic use or addiction. The aim of the current study was to investigate the prevalence of smartphone addiction and the associated factors in male and female undergraduates. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2016 and included 1441 undergraduate students at Wannan Medical College, China. The Smartphone Addiction Scale short version (SAS-SV) was used to assess smartphone addiction among the students, using accepted cut-offs...
October 10, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966289/effects-of-an-interactive-simulation-material-for-clinical-dentistry-on-knowledge-acquisition
#4
Tomoe Miyoshi, Koki Hobo, Masayo Sunaga, Atsuhiro Kinoshita
The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of interactive simulation materials with decision making in knowledge acquisition and anxiety reduction. Dental students in their fourth year at Tokyo Medical and Dental University were randomly divided into Groups I and D. Participants read a scenario, learned with interactive-type (Group I) or display-type (Group D) learning materials about pulpectomy, and took the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-JYZ, a quiz for measuring learning effects, and a questionnaire for evaluation of the material...
2017: Journal of Medical and Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960370/novel-use-of-ultrasound-to-teach-reproductive-system-physical-examination-skills-and-pelvic-anatomy
#5
Tejal Parikh, Maria Czuzak, Naomi Bui, Corinna Wildner, Bryna Koch, Elizabeth Leko, William Rappaport, Srikar Adhikari, Paul Gordon, Mike Gura, Susan Ellis
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether integration of ultrasound (US) into a reproductive system examination clinical skills lab can increase confidence in palpating key reproductive structures during testicular and bimanual pelvic examinations, reduce anxiety about conducting testicular and bimanual pelvic examinations, and improve performance on multiple-choice questions based on structure identification using US images. METHODS: Second-year medical students enrolled in the Life Cycle preclinical course participated in this cross-sectional study...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953819/supporting-students-of-diverse-cultures-and-faiths-experiences-from-a-university-perspective
#6
Jill Gale, Madhusudan Deepak Thalitaya
BACKGROUND: University of Bedfordshire is a large University with over 24000 students from over 100 countries. The main religions recorded are Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jewish and Sikhism amongst others. Around 45% of them do not have any recorded religion. The Mental Health Advisor will come across a wide range of students from different backgrounds each with their own unique presentation of mental health distress. It is well known that people of different communities and cultures experience signs and symptoms of mental distress in different ways...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948647/emotional-response-of-undergraduates-to-cadaver-dissection
#7
Patricia A Wisenden, Katherine J Budke, Chelsea J Klemetson, Tana R Kurtti, Chandi M Patel, Trenda L Schwantz, Brian D Wisenden
Introduction The most effective way to learn human anatomy is through cadaver dissection. Historically, cadaver dissection has been the provenance of professional schools. Increasingly, cadaver-based courses in human anatomy are shifting to the undergraduate level, which creates both problems and opportunities because of differences between undergraduate and graduate student populations. Anxiety associated with dissecting cadavers can create a barrier to learning, and ultimately, entry into the health and medical sciences for some demographic subpopulations of undergraduates...
September 25, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940743/learning-and-study-strategies-correlate-with-medical-students-performance-in-anatomical-sciences
#8
Mohammed K Khalil, Shanna E Williams, H Gregory Hawkins
Much of the content delivered during medical students' preclinical years is assessed nationally by such testing as the United States Medical Licensing Examination(®) (USMLE(®) ) Step 1 and Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination(®) (COMPLEX-USA(®) ) Step 1. Improvement of student study/learning strategies skills is associated with academic success in internal and external (USMLE Step 1) examinations. This research explores the strength of association between the Learning and Study Strategies Inventory (LASSI) scores and student performance in the anatomical sciences and USMLE Step 1 examinations...
September 22, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931387/psychological-distress-among-medical-students-in-conflicts-a-cross-sectional-study-from-syria
#9
Tareq Al Saadi, Sarah Zaher Addeen, Tarek Turk, Fatima Abbas, Mahmoud Alkhatib
BACKGROUND: Medical education can be a time of great psychological distress for students. The ongoing Syrian conflict represents an additional factor potentially contributing to poor mental health among medical students. Studies revealed high levels of psychological distress among Syrians. We aimed to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of depression, anxiety and stress among medical students at Damascus University during this period of war. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) in addition to questions about demographic and financial characteristics, and questions about the effects of the ongoing war on the participants' lives...
September 20, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928304/nomophobic-behaviors-among-smartphone-using-medical-and-engineering-students-in-two-colleges-of-west-bengal
#10
Pallabi Dasgupta, Sharmistha Bhattacherjee, Samir Dasgupta, Jayanta Kumar Roy, Abhijit Mukherjee, Romy Biswas
BACKGROUND: Growing smartphone usage among global and Indian college students has resulted in considerable issues of "nomophobia" (NMP) or feelings of discomfort or anxiety experienced by individuals whenever unable to use their smartphones. This significantly impacts their health, work, and study. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to find out the prevalence of NMP among smartphone using medical and engineering undergraduates of West Bengal and to compare the nomophobic behaviors, its predictors, and smartphone usage among them...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900316/benson-s-relaxation-effect-in-comparing-to-systematic-desensitization-on-anxiety-of-female-nurses-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Mahbobeh Sajadi, Khatereh Goudarzi, Sharareh Khosravi, Molod Farmahini-Farahani, Abolfazl Mohammadbeig
INTRODUCTION: Nursing staffs expose to a high level of anxiety. This study aimed to compare the effect of Benson's relaxation and systematic desensitization methods for decreasing the anxiety score of nurses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a randomized clinical trial, 72 female nurses were assigned randomly to three different groups. Benson's relaxation and systematic desensitization were used as intervention beside control group. After intervention, the Spielberger state-trait anxiety inventory was used for measuring the anxiety score...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876408/mental-health-problems-among-medical-students-in-brazil-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
João P Pacheco, Henrique T Giacomin, Wilson W Tam, Tássia B Ribeiro, Claudia Arab, Italla M Bezerra, Gustavo C Pinasco
Objective: To provide a comprehensive picture of mental health problems (MHPs) in Brazilian medical students by documenting their prevalence and association with co-factors. Methods: We systematically searched the MEDLINE/PubMed, SciELO, LILACS, and PsycINFO databases for cross-sectional studies on the prevalence of MHPs among medical students in Brazil published before September 29, 2016. We pooled prevalences using a random-effects meta-analysis, and summarized factors associated with MHP...
August 31, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861884/cross-cultural-differences-in-mental-health-quality-of-life-empathy-and-burnout-between-us-and-brazilian-medical-students
#13
Giancarlo Lucchetti, Rodolfo Furlan Damiano, Lisabeth F DiLalla, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Ivana Lúcia Damásio Moutinho, Oscarina da Silva Ezequiel, J Kevin Dorsey
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare mental health, quality of life, empathy, and burnout in medical students from a medical institution in the USA and another one in Brazil. METHODS: This cross-cultural study included students enrolled in the first and second years of their undergraduate medical training. We evaluated depression, anxiety, and stress (DASS 21), empathy, openness to spirituality, and wellness (ESWIM), burnout (Oldenburg), and quality of life (WHOQOL-Bref) and compared them between schools...
August 31, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859004/effects-of-the-nurse-athlete-program-on-the-healthy-lifestyle-behaviors-physical-health-and-mental-well-being-of-new-graduate-nurses
#14
David P Hrabe, Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk, Jacalyn Buck, Loraine T Sinnott
Recognizing that transition from nursing student to point-of-care nurse can be a stressful time period in one's career. A pilot study at a large Midwestern medical center tested the preliminary effects of a health-oriented workshop, the Nurse Athlete, on new graduate nurses' healthy lifestyle beliefs, healthy lifestyle behaviors, depressive and anxiety symptoms, as well as health outcomes. The Nurse Athlete workshop, provided in partnership with Johnson & Johnson's Human Performance Institute (HPI), used materials from HPI's Corporate Athlete program...
October 2017: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853327/medical-students-perception-of-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-lgbt-discrimination-in-their-learning-environment-and-their-self-reported-comfort-level-for-caring-for-lgbt-patients-a-survey-study
#15
Nassr Nama, Paul MacPherson, Margaret Sampson, Hugh J McMillan
BACKGROUND: Historically, medical students who are lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgendered (LGBT) report higher rates of social stress, depression, and anxiety, while LGBT patients have reported discrimination and poorer access to healthcare. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were: (1) to assess if medical students have perceived discrimination in their learning environment and; (2) to determine self-reported comfort level for caring for LGBT patients. DESIGN: Medical students at the University of Ottawa (N = 671) were contacted via email and invited to complete a confidential web-based survey...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851341/a-qualitative-exploration-of-student-perceptions-of-the-impact-of-progress-tests-on-learning-and-emotional-wellbeing
#16
Jill Yielder, Andy Wearn, Yan Chen, Marcus A Henning, Jennifer Weller, Steven Lillis, Vernon Mogol, Warwick Bagg
BACKGROUND: Progress testing was introduced to the MBChB programme at the University of Auckland in 2013. As there has been a focus in published literature on aspects relating to the format or function of progress tests, the purpose of this study was to explore a qualitative student perspective on the introduction of progress testing and its impact on approaches to learning and perceived stress. METHODS: This article presents the qualitative aspects of a longitudinal evaluation study...
August 29, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845407/the-prevalence-of-psychiatric-distress-and-associated-risk-factors-among-college-students-using-ghq-28-questionnaire
#17
Jalal Poorolajal, Ali Ghaleiha, Nahid Darvishi, Shahla Daryaei, Soheila Panahi
BACKGROUND: Adolescent and young adults are at increased risk of psychiatric distress and serious disability. We estimated the prevalence and associated risk factors of psychiatric distress among the college students of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Iran. METHODS: We performed this cross-sectional study, from Jan to May 2016 at Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran. Students filled out voluntarily an anonymous self-administered questionnaire, including demographic characteristics, personal information, behavioral risk factors, and a validated Persian version of the GHQ-28 questionnaire, including somatic symptoms (items 1-7), anxiety/insomnia (items 8-14), social dysfunctions (items 15-21), and severe depression (items 22-28)...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801826/brain-activity-changes-in-somatosensory-and-emotion-related-areas-with-medial-patellofemoral-ligament-deficiency
#18
Masaru Kadowaki, Taku Tadenuma, Nobuyuki Kumahashi, Yuji Uchio
BACKGROUND: Patellar instability with medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) deficiency is a common sports injury among young people. Although nonoperative and surgical treatment can provide stability of the patella, patients often have anxiety related to the knee. We speculate that neural dysfunction may be related to anxiety in these patients; however, the mechanism in the brain that generates this anxiety remains unknown. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) How does brain activity in patients with MPFL deficiency change in the areas related to somatic sensation against lateral shift of the patella? (2) How does patella instability, which can lead to continuous fear or apprehension for dislocation, influence brain activity in the areas related to emotion? METHODS: Nineteen patients with MPFL deficiency underwent surgical reconstruction in our hospital from April 2012 to March 2014...
August 11, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780134/initial-validation-of-a-virtual-blood-draw-exposure-paradigm-for-fear-of-blood-and-needles
#19
Z Trost, A Jones, A Guck, T Vervoort, J M Kowalsky, C R France
Fear of blood, injections, and needles commonly prevents or delays individuals' receipt of health care, such as vaccines or blood draws. Innovative methods are needed to overcome these fears and reduce anxiety related to activities of this nature. The present study describes initial testing of an arm illusion paradigm that may prove useful during early phases of graded exposure for people with blood and needle fear. Seventy-four undergraduate students aged 18-29 years were tested. In line with study aims, results indicated that the virtual blood draw paradigm promoted strong perceptions of arm ownership and elicited significant changes in physiological indices (blood pressure, heart rate, electrodermal activity, respiratory rate) in response to key procedure elements (e...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768947/present-activities-and-problems-of-home-medical-care-by-pharmacists
#20
Satomi Koga, Tetsunari Nishimura
The rapidly aging population in Japan led to the revision of the dispensing fees, with reviews of the system for added fees on prescriptions for home-bound patients by one-pharmacist pharmacies. However, given the current situation, it is difficult for pharmacies to be engaged in home care, so there are few small pharmacies that are willing to do so. This situation led to a decrease in the number of pharmacists who are experienced in home care. Pharmacists are requesting that practical training in home care be included in the Model Core Curriculum...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
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