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anxiety in medical student

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625572/standardized-patients-in-psychiatry-the-best-way-to-learn-clinical-skills
#1
Monika Himmelbauer, Tamara Seitz, Charles Seidman, Henriette Löffler-Stastka
BACKGROUND: Standardized patients (SP) have been successfully utilized in medical education to train students' communication skills. At the Medical University of Vienna communication training with SPs in psychiatry is a mandatory part of the curriculum. In the training, the SP plays the role of four different patients suffering from depression/suicidal tendencies, somatoform disorder, anxiety disorder, or borderline disorder while the student attempts to gather the patient's medical history...
April 6, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619005/presence-of-anxiety-and-depression-symptoms-affects-the-first-time-treatment-efficacy-and-recurrence-of-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#2
Wei Wei, Zahra N Sayyid, Xiulan Ma, Tian Wang, Yaodong Dong
Objectives: To investigate the possible effects of anxiety and/or depression symptoms on the treatment outcomes and recurrence of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Methods: This is a retrospective study conducted at a single institution. 142 consecutive patients diagnosed with idiopathic BPPV at the Department of Otology in Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University between October 2016 and July 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. 127 patients were finally included in this study...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600306/epidemiology-treatment-efficacy-and-anxiety-aspects-of-music-students-affected-by-playing-related-pain-a-retrospective-evaluation-with-follow-up
#3
Christos I Ioannou, Julia Hafer, André Lee, Eckart Altenmüller
OBJECTIVES: Playing-related pain (PRP) is a common problem among music students. We retrospectively assessed epidemiological factors that contributed to the manifestation of PRP and evaluated the efficacy of treatment methods used by affected music students. The long-term course of PRP symptoms was also examined, along with current (today) levels of trait anxieties. METHODS: Demographic and epidemiological data of 186 music students who visited the musicians' outpatient clinic over a 5-year period were retrieved...
March 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573434/the-mediating-role-of-anxiety-sensitivity-in-uncontrolled-drinking-a-look-at-gender-specific-parental-influences
#4
Ashley M Ebbert, Julie A Patock-Peckham, Jeremy W Luk, Kirsten Voorhies, Olivia Warner, Robert F Leeman
BACKGROUND: Anxiety sensitivity (AS) reflects an individual's belief that experiencing anxiety will cause illness or embarrassment (Reiss & McNally, 1985), and may be a reason individuals self-medicate with alcohol (Hersh & Hussong, 2009). Harsh or indulgent parenting could contribute to the development of AS. We examined the direct and indirect associations between parenting styles and alcohol-related variables through AS and impaired control over drinking (IC; i.e., perceived failure to adhere to limits on alcohol consumption in the future; Heather et al...
March 24, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564967/prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-dental-anxiety-among-medical-and-dental-students-of-the-northern-state-medical-university-arkhangelsk-north-west-russia
#5
Sergei N Drachev, Tormod Brenn, Tordis A Trovik
The objective was to assess the prevalence of and factors associated with dental anxiety (DA) in medical and dental students in North-West Russia. This cross-sectional study included 422 medical and 285 dental undergraduate Russian students aged 18-25 years from the Northern State Medical University in Arkhangelsk. Corah's Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS) was applied to measure DA. Information on socio-demographic and socioeconomic factors, oral health behaviour and general and oral health was obtained from a structured, self-administered questionnaire...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555131/sleep-in-a-large-multi-university-sample-of-college-students-sleep-problem-prevalence-sex-differences-and-mental-health-correlates
#6
Stephen P Becker, Matthew A Jarrett, Aaron M Luebbe, Annie A Garner, G Leonard Burns, Michael J Kofler
OBJECTIVES: To (1) describe sleep problems in a large, multi-university sample of college students; (2) evaluate sex differences; and (3) examine the unique associations of mental health symptoms (i.e., anxiety, depression, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder inattention [ADHD-IN], ADHD hyperactivity-impulsivity [ADHD-HI]) in relation to sleep problems. METHODS: 7,626 students (70% female; 81% White) ages 18-29 years (M=19.14, SD=1.42) from six universities completed measures assessing mental health symptoms and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)...
April 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549071/exploring-digital-health-use-and-opinions-of-university-students-field-survey-study
#7
Ilaria Montagni, Tanguy Cariou, Tiphaine Feuillet, Emmanuel Langlois, Christophe Tzourio
BACKGROUND: During university, students face some potentially serious health risks, and their lifestyle can have a direct effect on health and health behaviors later in life. Concurrently, university students are digital natives having easy access to the internet and new technologies. Digital health interventions offer promising new opportunities for health promotion, disease prevention, and care in this specific population. The description of the current use of and opinions on digital health among university students can inform future digital health strategies and interventions within university settings...
March 15, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528593/-suffering-at-work-among-medical-students-qualitative-study-using-semi-structured-interviews
#8
A-S Le Provost, B Loddé, J Pietri, L De Parscau, L Pougnet, J-D Dewitte, R Pougnet
INTRODUCTION: Suffering at work among health professionals is a hot topic. Medical students, doctors of tomorrow, are far from being spared. Prevalence of anxiety and mood disorders range from 20.3 to 69 % for the former and from 12 to 30 % for the latter. The purpose of this article is to determine these factors by qualitative research, according to medical students' points of view. METHODS: It is a qualitative study using semistructured interviews. The analysis is done according to the Grounded Theory...
2018: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514774/self-reflected-well-being-via-a-smartphone-app-in-clinical-medical-students-feasibility-study
#9
Elizabeth K Berryman, Daniel J Leonard, Andrew R Gray, Ralph Pinnock, Barry Taylor
BACKGROUND: Well-being in medical students has become an area of concern, with a number of studies reporting high rates of clinical depression, anxiety, burnout, and suicidal ideation in this population. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to increase awareness of well-being in medical students by using a smartphone app. The primary objective of this study was to determine the validity and feasibility of the Particip8 app for student self-reflected well-being data collection...
March 7, 2018: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503607/effect-of-somatic-experiencing-resiliency-based-trauma-treatment-training-on-quality-of-life-and-psychological-health-as-potential-markers-of-resilience-in-treating-professionals
#10
Neal E Winblad, Michael Changaris, Phyllis K Stein
Background: Individuals who treat trauma are at significant risk of vicarious traumatization and burnout. Somatic Experiencing® (SE®) is a resiliency-focused trauma treatment modality designed to address autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysregulation and its impacted physical health and mental health symptoms e.g., anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, migraines, fibromyalgia, and chronic fatigue, etc. The SE® training supports the development of clinical skills to reduce physical health/mental health symptoms as well as increase clinician resilience...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441737/cesium-137-contaminated-roads-and-health-problems-in-residents-an-epidemiological-investigation-in-seoul-2011
#11
Mina Ha, Young Su Ju, Won Jin Lee, Seung Sik Hwang, Sang Chul Yoo, Kyung Hwa Choi, Eunae Burm, Jieon Lee, Yun Keun Lee, Sanghyuk Im
BACKGROUND: In 2011, two roads in a residential area in Seoul were found to be contaminated with the radionuclide cesium-137 (137Cs). In response to public concerns, an epidemiological study was conducted. METHODS: The standardized cancer incidence ratios in the affected and neighboring regions were calculated based on the central cancer registry. Households in the region were sampled using the random stratified sampling technique, and questionnaires were administered to family members, via home visit and via students in elementary to high schools...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426740/-evaluation-of-the-feasibility-of-a-program-of-adapted-physical-activity-in-day-hospital-of-digestive-oncology-from-the-point-of-view-of-patients
#12
Céline Crespel, Cloé Brami, Paul de Boissieu, Camille Mazza, Kevin Chauvet, Amélie Lemoine, Benoit Gavlak, Chloé Léandri, Mathilde Brasseur, Eric Bertin, Olivier Bouché
INTRODUCTION: Adapted physical activity (APA) is recognized as an effective supportive care for asthenia and quality of life in oncology. Before an APA program was organized, the feasibility of such a program was evaluated among the patients. METHODS: Descriptive, prospective, semi-qualitative, single-center study over a 3-month period in patients treated with ambulatory chemotherapy for digestive cancer. A self-questionnaire was offered to all patients to evaluate their practice and knowledge about APA...
February 6, 2018: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426260/gambling-and-its-clinical-correlates-in-university-students
#13
Jon E Grant, Katherine Lust, Gary A Christenson, Sarah A Redden, Samuel R Chamberlain
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to examine the prevalence of gambling disorder (GD) in a university sample and its associated physical and mental health correlates. METHODS: A 156-item anonymous online survey was distributed via random email generation to a sample of 9449 university students. Current use of alcohol and drugs, psychological and physical status and academic performance were assessed, along with questionnaire-based measures of impulsivity and compulsivity...
February 9, 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420050/happier-healers-randomized-controlled-trial-of-mobile-mindfulness-for-stress-management
#14
Elaine Yang, Elizabeth Schamber, Rika M L Meyer, Jeffrey I Gold
PURPOSE: Medical students have higher rates of depression and psychologic distress than the general population, which may negatively impact academic performance and professional conduct. This study assessed whether 10-20 min of daily mindfulness meditation for 30 days, using a mobile phone application, could decrease perceived stress and improve well-being for medical students. METHODS: Eighty-eight medical students were stratified by class year and randomized to either intervention or control groups to use the mobile application Headspace, an audio-guided mindfulness meditation program, for 30 days...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415649/gender-differences-in-the-prevalence-and-impact-factors-of-hysterical-tendencies-in-adolescents-from-three-eastern-chinese-provinces
#15
Qinglin Cheng, Li Xie, Yunkai Hu, Jinfeng Hu, Wei Gao, Yongxiang Lv, Yong Xu
BACKGROUND: Few studies have attempted to compare the differences in the prevalence and impact factors of hysterical tendencies (HTs) in adolescents. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine gender differences in the prevalence and impact factors of adolescents' HTs across three eastern Chinese provinces (Anhui, Jiangsu, and Zhejiang). METHODS: A multicenter, school-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in three provinces (Anhui, Jiangsu, and Zhejiang) in China in 2014...
February 7, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396837/examining-burnout-depression-and-attitudes-regarding-drug-use-among-lebanese-medical-students-during-the-4%C3%A2-years-of-medical-school
#16
Farid Talih, Michel Daher, Dayane Daou, Jean Ajaltouni
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to evaluate the prevalence of burnout, depressive symptoms, and anxiety symptoms and attitudes toward substance use in medical students as well as their evolution during the 4 years of medical school. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out at the American University of Beirut Medical Center (AUBMC) between September and December 2016. In total, 176 out of 412 eligible medical students responded. The survey was anonymous and administered via e-mail link to an electronic form...
February 2, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389482/the-influence-of-ball-juggling-on-emotional-states-blood-pressure-and-sleep-quality-among-medical-students-during-end-of-year-exam-preparation
#17
Manal Hasan Zainaldeen, Nebras Ebrahim Hasan, Fatema Ahmed Hamza Ahmed Ali, Hasan Saeed Altahoo, Fiza Rashid-Doubell, Salim Fredericks
Juggling-exposure therapy has been employed in the management of anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder. However, there is little evidence of the effectiveness of juggling-exposure in improving emotional states in subclinical conditions. This study aimed at evaluating the effect of a course of juggling on emotional states, sleep quality and blood pressure among medical students at a critical stage of their academic training. Blood pressure, psychometric and quality of sleep assessments were performed pre- and post-examination period for two groups of students: juggling-exposed (n = 9) and non-juggling-exposed (n = 11)...
February 2018: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346701/identifying-prevalence-and-characteristics-of-behavioral-health-education-in-family-medicine-clerkships-a-cera-study
#18
Mario P DeMarco, Renée M Betancourt, Kelly M Everard, Kent D W Bream
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Many patients with behavioral health disorders do not seek or receive adequate care for their conditions. Among those that do, most will receive care in a primary care setting. To best meet this need, clinicians will need to demonstrate proficiency of behavioral health skills and evidence-based practices. We sought to explore the degree to which these skills are being taught in family medicine clerkships. METHODS: The Council of Academic Family Medicine's (CAFM) Educational Research Alliance (CERA) 2016 survey of clerkship directors (CDs) was sent to 141 CDs at US and Canadian medical schools with a required family medicine run course...
January 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345805/is-the-widely-used-two-factor-structure-of-the-ruminative-responses-scale-invariant-across-different-samples-of-women
#19
Paola Lucena-Santos, José Pinto-Gouveia, Sérgio A Carvalho, Margareth da Silva Oliveira
OBJECTIVES: Although the Ruminative Responses Scale is one of the most widely used measures of rumination, its two-factor structure remains controversial. Taking this into account, we aimed to test the RRS-10 two-factor invariance (Brazilian version) between different samples of women and to study its internal consistency and convergent validity. METHODS: A sample of 321 women (general population, n = 106; college students, n = 115; and medical population of patients with overweight and obesity, n = 100) participated in the study...
January 18, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319145/medical-students-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviours-related-to-substance-use-in-lebanon-a-cross-sectional-survey
#20
Georges Assaf, Samar Noureddine, Silva P Kouyoumdjian, Jamil El Khoury
The study aims were to explore the knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of Lebanese medical students related to substance use and to determine prevalence and psychosocial predictors. A cross-sectional survey of 231 medical students (48.6% male; 53.1% preclinical, 46.9% clinical) was conducted during June 2012-July 2013. The questionnaire addressed knowledge and attitudes about substance use, religiosity, depression, anxiety and demographic characteristics. The knowledge score was 52.7% (standard deviation 14...
January 2, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
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