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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330400/academic-responses-to-fukushima-disaster
#1
Kiyotaka Yasui, Yuko Kimura, Kenji Kamiya, Rie Miyatani, Naohiro Tsuyama, Akira Sakai, Koji Yoshida, Shunichi Yamashita, Rethy Chhem, May Abdel-Wahab, Akira Ohtsuru
Since radiation accidents, particularly nuclear disasters, are rarer than other types of disasters, a comprehensive radiation disaster medical curriculum for them is currently unavailable. The Fukushima compound disaster has urged the establishment of a new medical curriculum in preparation for any future complex disaster. The medical education will aim to aid decision making on various health risks for workers, vulnerable people, and residents addressing each phase in the disaster. Herein, we introduce 3 novel educational programs that have been initiated to provide students, professionals, and leaders with the knowledge of and skills to elude the social consequences of complex nuclear disasters...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320257/academic-stress-disrupts-cortical-plasticity-in-graduate-students
#2
Carmen Concerto, Dhaval Patel, Carmenrita Infortuna, Eileen Chusid, Maria R Muscatello, Antonio Bruno, Rocco Zoccali, Eugenio Aguglia, Fortunato Battaglia
Medical education is a time of high stress and anxiety for many graduate students in medical professions. In this study, we sought to investigate the effect of academic stress on cortical excitability and plasticity by using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). We tested two groups (n = 13 each) of healthy graduate medical students (mean age 33.7 ± 3.8 SE). One group was tested during a final exam week (High-stress group) while the other group was tested after a break, during a week without exams (Low-stress group)...
March 20, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318363/sexual-orientation-and-college-students-reasons-for-nonmedical-use-of-prescription-drugs
#3
Faedra R Dagirmanjian, Anne E McDaniel, Richard Shadick
BACKGROUND: Nonmedical use of prescription pain medications, sedatives, and stimulants is a well-documented problem among college students. Research has indicated that students who identify as lesbian, gay, or bisexual are at elevated risk. However, little is known about students' reasons for use. OBJECTIVES: (1) To replicate findings that sexual minority students report higher nonmedical use than heterosexual students, moving from a campus-specific to a multicampus sample and (2) to test for an association between sexual orientation and reasons for use...
March 20, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315109/mental-health-visits-examining-socio-demographic-and-diagnosis-trends-in-the-emergency-department-by-the-pediatric-population
#4
Sharon M Holder, Kenneth Rogers, Eunice Peterson, Christian Ochonma
The emergency department (ED) is increasingly being used for mental health visits by children and adolescents. It is estimated that 21-23% of youth have a diagnosable psychiatric or substance use disorder. Using data from the ED of a tertiary medical center, we examined trends in mental health diagnoses over a 5-year period. In school age children the most prevalent diagnoses were anxiety disorders (28.4%); disorders first usually diagnosed in infancy, childhood, or adolescence (26.5%), and mood disorders (18...
March 17, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285561/adverse-parenting-is-associated-with-blunted-salivary-cortisol-awakening-response-and-altered-expression-of-glucocorticoid-receptor-%C3%AE-and-%C3%AE-2-adrenergic-receptor-mrnas-in-leukocytes-in-japanese-medical-students
#5
Tomoko Kawai, Yuki Kuwano, Kiyoshi Masuda, Kinuyo Fujita, Hiroki Tanaka, Tatsuya Nishikawa, Kazuhito Rokutan, Kensei Nishida
Adverse parenting is associated with an increased risk for the development of mood and behavioral disorders. In this study, we assessed the perceived parental bonding of 232 medical students using the parental bonding instrument (PBI) and extracted 22 students who reported their parents' rearing attitudes as affectionless control (LOW; low care, high overprotection). Using the 28-item general health questionnaire, the Zung self-rating depression scale (Zung-SDS), the hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS), and the Spielberger state-trait-anxiety-inventory (STAI), physical and mental state of the LOW students were compared with those of 30 students who reported their parental bonding as optimal (OPT; high care and low overprotection)...
March 12, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247209/burnout-quality-of-life-motivation-and-academic-achievement-among-medical-students-a%C3%A2-person-oriented-approach
#6
Mataroria P Lyndon, Marcus A Henning, Hussain Alyami, Sanjeev Krishna, Irene Zeng, Tzu-Chieh Yu, Andrew G Hill
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify burnout and quality of life profiles of medical students and determine their associations with academic motivation and achievement on progress tests using a person-oriented approach. METHODS: Medical students (n = 670) in Year 3 to Year 5 at the University of Auckland were classified into three different profiles as derived from a two-step cluster analysis using World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF scores and Copenhagen Burnout Inventory scores...
February 28, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243424/relationship-between-time-management-skills-and-anxiety-and-academic-motivation-of-nursing-students-in-tehran
#7
Arezoo Mohamadkhani Ghiasvand, Manijeh Naderi, Mansoureh Zagheri Tafreshi, Farzane Ahmadi, Meimanat Hosseini
INTRODUCTION: Time management skills are essential for nursing students' success, and development of clinical competence. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between time management skills and anxiety and academic motivation of nursing students in Tehran medical sciences universities in 2015. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 441 nursing students in three medical universities in Tehran. Random stratified sampling was done to select the samples...
January 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225885/depression-stress-and-anxiety-in-medical-students-a-cross-sectional-comparison-between-students-from-different-semesters
#8
Ivana Lúcia Damásio Moutinho, Natalia de Castro Pecci Maddalena, Ronald Kleinsorge Roland, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Sandra Helena Cerrato Tibiriçá, Oscarina da Silva Ezequiel, Giancarlo Lucchetti
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of anxiety, depression, and stress in medical students from all semesters of a Brazilian medical school and assess their respective associated factors. METHOD: A cross-sectional study of students from the twelve semesters of a Brazilian medical school was carried out. Students filled out a questionnaire including sociodemographics, religiosity (DUREL - Duke Religion Index), and mental health (DASS-21 - Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale)...
January 1, 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217679/effect-of-calcium-on-premenstrual-syndrome-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Fatemeh Shobeiri, Fahimeh Ezzati Araste, Reihaneh Ebrahimi, Ensiyeh Jenabi, Mansour Nazari
OBJECTIVE: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) affects millions of women and is known as the most important disorder among them. The very aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of low dose calcium on severity of PMS. METHODS: This study can be considered as a double-blind randomized clinical trial. Female students of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences diagnosed with PMS in 2014 participated in the present study. Sixty-six female students diagnosed with PMS were involved in the experimental and control groups...
January 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206840/the-impact-of-a-brief-embedded-mindfulness-based-program-for-veterinary-students
#10
Helen M Correia, Anita D Smith, Susan Murray, Lynlea S Polak, Bronwyn Williams, Martin A Cake
Veterinary medical students, like other university students, are likely to experience elevated levels of stress, anxiety, and depression over the course of their studies. Mindfulness-based interventions have previously been effective for university students in reducing stress, depression, and anxiety. In this study, a mindfulness-based intervention was embedded in a core (compulsory) unit of a veterinary science course, in part with the aim of improving student well-being. Preliminary results suggest that, despite the mindfulness intervention, overall symptoms of stress, depression, and anxiety among participants (n=64) increased between the start and end of the semester...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206836/a-decade-of-counseling-services-in-one-college-of-veterinary-medicine-veterinary-medical-students-psychological-distress-and-help-seeking-trends
#11
Adryanna A S Drake, McArthur Hafen, Bonnie R Rush
Much has been discussed about the high prevalence of psychological distress among veterinary medical students. Studies investigating general samples of veterinary medical students indicate that, on average, depression and anxiety symptoms are present at higher rates than in comparison samples. However, little is known about veterinary medical students who seek counseling. This study intends to expand the literature on veterinary student well-being, as the first to examine a sample of veterinary medical students seeking counseling services...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199782/social-independence-among-adult-congenital-heart-disease-patients-in-japan
#12
Ryota Ochiai, Yukitaka Ikeda, Hitoshi Kato, Isao Shiraishi
BACKGROUND: As treatment outcomes for congenital heart disease have improved, the social independence of adult congenital heart disease patients has become a key goal. We aimed to (1) determine the relationship between social independence and psychological profiles in these patients, and (2) identify patient anxieties, difficulties, and demands related to life in society. METHODS: A total of 143 patients aged ≥15 years who had physical disability certificates were selected using a questionnaire distributed by a patients association...
February 15, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182781/test-anxiety-in-medical-school-is-unrelated-to-academic-performance-but-correlates-with-an-effort-reward-imbalance
#13
Henry Hahn, Peter Kropp, Timo Kirschstein, Gernot Rücker, Brigitte Müller-Hilke
PURPOSE: During their early years at medical school, students repeatedly criticize their workload, time constraints and test associated stress. At the same time, depressiveness and anxiety among first and second year medical students are on the rise. We therefore hypothesized that test anxiety may be related to depressiveness and considered cognitive and academic performances as confounders for the former and psychosocial distress for the latter. METHODS: A whole class of 200 second year students was invited to participate in the study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154839/role-of-alexithymia-anxiety-and-depression-in-predicting-self-efficacy-in-academic-students
#14
Mahbobeh Faramarzi, Soraya Khafri
Objective. Little research is available on the predictive factors of self-efficacy in college students. The aim of the present study is to examine the role of alexithymia, anxiety, and depression in predicting self-efficacy in academic students. Design. In a cross-sectional study, a total of 133 students at Babol University of Medical Sciences (Medicine, Dentistry, and Paramedicine) participated in the study between 2014 and 2015. All participants completed the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), College Academic Self-Efficacy Scale (CASES), and 14 items on anxiety and depression derived from the 28 items of the General Health Questionnaire (28-GHQ)...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144202/students-attitudes-towards-research-at-mazandaran-university-of-medical-sciences-in-2015
#15
Hasan Siamian, Roghayeh Mahmoudi, Fatemeh Habibi, Mahsoomeh Latifi, Vahideh Zare-Gavgani
BACKGROUND: In today's world, one of the criteria of progress in a country is research. In our country instead of paying to the research and study, attention is given to the training of human resources. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate Students' Attitudes towards Research at Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences in 2015. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study the data tool was questionnaire given to the study subjects. The study population were all the paramedical college students at Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences selected...
December 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141717/behavioral-changes-associated-with-a-disruptive-new-student-in-the-classroom
#16
Julie Stein OʼBrien, Howard Taras, Scott Barton, Pete Sellick, Martin T Stein
Marcus is a 10-year-old boy who was followed by his pediatrician for several years. She knows him as a socially engaged, active athlete, playing soccer and baseball, out-going, and a good student. He has been in good health without a significant medical history.At the beginning of this academic year, a new student was placed in Marcus's fourth grade class. This student is disruptive, impulsive, and abusive. He has frequent violent outbursts, yelling, kicking, and throwing objects, including recently throwing a desk across the room...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128809/-psychopathology-screening-in-medical-school-students
#17
Jesús Francisco Galván-Molina, María E Jiménez-Capdeville, José María Hernández-Mata, José Ramón Arellano-Cano
OBJECTIVE: Screening of psychopathology and associated factors in medical students employing an electronic self-report survey. METHOD: A transversal, observational, and comparative study that consisted of the following instruments: Sociodemographic survey; 2. Adult Self-Report Scale-V1 (ASRS); State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI); Zung and Conde Self-Rating Depression Scale, Almonte-Herskovic Sexual Orientation Self-Report; Plutchik Suicide Risk Scale; Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test Identification (AUDIT); Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence; 9...
January 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103727/exam-anxiety-in-the-undergraduate-medical-students-of-taibah-university
#18
Khalid I Khoshhal, Gamal A Khairy, Salman Y Guraya, Shaista S Guraya
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Assessment is perceived to create highly stressful environment among medical students. Several studies have reported exam-related anxiety symptoms but the contributing factors seem to differ across institutions. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of exam anxiety, gender differences and the variables that moderate exam anxiety among students of a Saudi medical school. METHODS: A cross-section study was done on 5th year medical students by administering a 12-statement self-administered questionnaire...
January 20, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099177/medical-students-perspectives-on-implementing-curriculum-change-at-one-institution
#19
Aaron M Yengo-Kahn, Courtney E Baker, Kimberly D Lomis
Training physicians to be effective practitioners throughout their careers begins in undergraduate medical education with particular focus on self-directed inquiry, professional and interprofessional development, and competency-based assessment. A select number of medical schools are restructuring their curricula by placing the student at the center of content delivery to enhance the learning experience. While this restructuring may benefit the adult learner, administrators often make assumptions about how students will perceive and respond to such innovative and unfamiliar educational concepts...
January 17, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061463/prevalence-of-psychological-symptoms-among-ebola-survivors-and-healthcare-workers-during-the-2014-2015-ebola-outbreak-in-sierra-leone-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Dong Ji, Ying-Jie Ji, Xue-Zhang Duan, Wen-Gang Li, Zhi-Qiang Sun, Xue-Ai Song, Yu-Hua Meng, Hong-Mei Tang, Fang Chu, Xiao-Xia Niu, Guo-Feng Chen, Jin Li, Hui-Juan Duan
The 2014-2015 Ebola epidemic was considered to be the largest and most complex outbreak, which caused 11,310 reported deaths. The epidemic disease can cause a mental health crisis, however, there is only a small amount of scientific literature available related to this health issue so far. We evaluated the psychological symptoms of 161 participants including Ebola survivors and healthcare workers in Sierra Leone, analyzed the impact of job classification, education level on psychological status. We found that the order of total general severity index (GSI) scores from high to low was EVD survivors, SL medical staff, SL logistic staff, SL medical students, and Chinese medical staff...
January 4, 2017: Oncotarget
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