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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895442/translation-of-the-medical-fear-survey-to-serbian-psychometric-properties
#1
J Djokovic, B Milovanovic, J R Milovanovic, O Milovanovic, I Stojic, S Mrvic, M Kostic, S Stefanovic, S M Jankovic
BACKGROUND: Medical Fear Survey (MFS) is an instrument designed for measuring fear of medical and related treatments. OBJECTIVE: Aim of the present study was MFS translation into Serbian, measurement of its psychometric properties and MFS validation using other Blood-injury-injections and related stimuli instruments that have been translated from English into Serbian. METHOD: After obtaining permission from the author of the original MFS, double forward translation from English to Serbian and backward translation to English were conducted in ten steps, according to International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR) guidelines...
January 2016: Hippokratia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892436/study-of-depression-anxiety-and-stress-among-the-medical-students-in-two-medical-colleges-of-nepal
#2
D Kunwar, A Risal, S Koirala
Background Medical education is intended to prepare graduates for a promoting health and caring for the sick. Medical students are confronted with significant academic, psychological and existential stressors. There is insufficient information regarding psychological morbidity among Nepalese medical students. Objective To determine the prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress, among the medical students in Nepal, and its association with sociodemographic characteristics. Method A cross-sectional questionnaire based study was conducted including all students from first to fifth year of student using convenience method of sampling from Kathmandu University Medical School (KUSMS), Dhulikhel and Manipal College of Medical Sciences (MCOMS), Pokhara, Nepal...
January 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889445/mindfulness-training-for-health-profession-students-the-effect-of-mindfulness-training-on-psychological-well-being-learning-and-clinical-performance-of-health-professional-students-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-and-non-randomized-controlled-trials
#3
REVIEW
Janet McConville, Rachael McAleer, Andrew Hahne
BACKGROUND: High levels of stress have been identified in medical students and increasingly in other health profession student population groups. As stress can affect psychological well-being and interfere with learning and clinical performance, there is a clear argument for universities to include health professional student well-being as an outcome in core curriculum. Mindfulness training is a potential construct to manage stress and enhance academic success. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this systematic review were to assess the effectiveness of mindfulness training in medical and other health professional student population groups and to compare the effectiveness of the different mindfulness-based programs...
October 24, 2016: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878052/missing-the-mark-current-practices-in-teaching-the-male-urogenital-examination-to-canadian-undergraduate-medical-students
#4
Kristen McAlpine, Stephen Steele
INTRODUCTION: The urogenital physical examination is an important aspect of patient encounters in various clinical settings. Introductory clinical skills sessions are intended to provide support and alleviate students' anxiety when learning this sensitive exam. The techniques each Canadian medical school uses to guide their students through the initial urogenital examination has not been previously reported. METHODS: This study surveyed pre-clerkship clinical skills program directors at the main campus of English-speaking Canadian medical schools regarding the curriculum they use to teach the urogenital examination...
August 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874837/effectiveness-of-spiritist-passe-spiritual-healing-on-the-psychophysiological-parameters-in-hospitalized-patients
#5
Élida Mara Carneiro, Giselle Vanessa Moraes, Guilherme Azevedo Terra
Context • The coexistence of affective disorders, especially anxiety and depression, with medical illness is a topic of considerable clinical and research interest. Complementary biofield modalities are therapies that involve touch or placement of the hands in or through biofields. Spiritual healing, or Spiritist passe (SP), is a kind of laying on of hands (LOH), and therefore is a biofield therapy. Objective • The current study intended to evaluate the effects of SP on psychological parameters such as anxiety and depression and on the perceptions of muscle tension and wellness as well as physiological parameters, such as pain intensity, heart rate (HR), and oxygen saturation (SpO2)...
July 2016: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822282/the-role-of-neuroticism-and-experiential-avoidance-in-predicting-anxiety-and-depression-symptoms-mediating-effect-of-emotion-regulation
#6
Parvaneh Mohammadkhani, Imaneh Abasi, Abbas Pourshahbaz, Abolfazl Mohammadi, Morteza Fatehi
BACKGROUND: Preliminary evidence supports the role of neuroticism, experiential avoidance and emotion regulation in anxiety and depression; however, the mechanism of these relationships is not known well. OBJECTIVES: The present study mainly aimed to assess the mediating role of emotion regulation in the relationship between neuroticism and experiential avoidance and anxiety and depression symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: By convenient sampling, 316 students from Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences and University of Tehran were selected and measures of experiential avoidance, neuroticism, emotion regulation, worry, anxiety and depression were administered among them, 2014-2015...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821143/prevalence-of-mental-distress-and-associated-factors-among-hawassa-university-medical-students-southern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Biniam Melese, Birhanu Bayu, Fikir Wondwossen, Kalkidan Tilahun, Seti Lema, Moges Ayehu, Eskindir Loha
BACKGROUND: Mental distress is a mental health problem expressed with variable levels of depressive, anxiety, panic or somatic symptoms. Owing to several factors tertiary level students are among the population with higher prevalence of mental distress and an even more higher prevalence has been reported in medical students. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of mental distress among medical students, and to evaluate contextually relevant associated factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among medical students attending Hawassa University College of Medicine and Health Sciences in 2013/2014 academic year...
November 8, 2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806192/medical-student-use-of-facebook-to-support-preparation-for-anatomy-assessments
#8
James D Pickering, Suzanne R Bickerdike
The use of Facebook to support students is an emerging area of educational research. This study explored how a Facebook Page could support Year 2 medical (MBChB) students in preparation for summative anatomy assessments and alleviate test anxiety. Overall, Facebook analytics revealed that in total 49 (19.8% of entire cohort) students posted a comment in preparation for either the first (33 students) or second (34) summative anatomy assessments. 18 students commented in preparation for both. In total, 155 comments were posted, with 83 for the first and 72 for the second...
November 2, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804284/learning-styles-academic-achievement-and-mental-health-problems-among-medical-students-in-thailand
#9
Salilthip Paiboonsithiwong, Natchaya Kunanitthaworn, Natchaphon Songtrijuck, Nahathai Wongpakaran, Tinakon Wongpakaran
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of various learning styles among medical students and their correlations with academic achievement and mental health problems in these students. METHODS: This study was conducted among 140 first-year medical students of Chiang Mai University, Thailand in 2014. The participants completed the visual-aural-read/write-kinesthetic (VARK) questionnaire, the results of which can be categorized into 4 modes, corresponding to how many of the 4 types are preferred by a respondent...
2016: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803720/prevalence-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder-and-its-association-with-body-features-in-female-medical-students
#10
Shaik Shaffi Ahamed, Jawaher Enani, Lama Alfaraidi, Lujain Sannari, Rihaf Algain, Zainah Alsawah, Ali Al Hazmi
BACKGROUND: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a distressing psychiatric disorder. So far there have not been any studies on BDD in Saudi Arabia. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder in female medical students and to investigate whether there is an association between BDD and body features of concern, social anxiety and symptoms of BDD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross sectional study was carried out on female medical students of the college of medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia during January to April, 2015...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803719/psychometric-properties-of-the-persian-version-of-the-social-anxiety-acceptance-and-action-questionnaire
#11
Esmail Soltani, Seyed Abdolmajid Bahrainian, Abbas Masjedi Arani, Ali Farhoudian, Latif Gachkar
BACKGROUND: Social anxiety disorder is often related to specific impairment or distress in different areas of life, including occupational, social and family settings. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to examine the psychometric properties of the persian version of the social anxiety-acceptance and action questionnaire (SA-AAQ) in university students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 324 students from Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences participated via the cluster sampling method during year 2015...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794561/assessment-of-depression-and-suicidal-behaviour-among-medical-students-in-portugal
#12
Ricardo Coentre, Carlo Faravelli, Maria Luísa Figueira
Objectives: To examine depression and suicidal behaviour and associated factors in a sample of medical students in Portugal. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study design of 456 native Portuguese medical students from the 4(th) and 5(th) year at the University of Lisbon. Participants answered a self-report survey including questions on demographic and clinical variables. Statistical analyses were conducted using the chi-square test, with a Monte Carlo simulation when appropriate...
October 29, 2016: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784316/factors-associated-to-depression-and-anxiety-in-medical-students-a-multicenter-study
#13
Fernanda Brenneisen Mayer, Itamar Souza Santos, Paulo S P Silveira, Maria Helena Itaqui Lopes, Alicia Regina Navarro Dias de Souza, Eugenio Paes Campos, Benedita Andrade Leal de Abreu, Itágores Hoffman Ii, Cleidilene Ramos Magalhães, Maria Cristina P Lima, Raitany Almeida, Mateus Spinardi, Patricia Tempski
BACKGROUND: To evaluate personal and institutional factors related to depression and anxiety prevalence of students from 22 Brazilian medical schools. METHODS: The authors performed a multicenter study (August 2011 to August 2012), examining personal factors (age, sex, housing, tuition scholarship) and institutional factors (year of the medical training, school legal status, location and support service) in association with scores of Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)...
October 26, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782771/beta-blockers-for-exams-identify-students-at-high-risk-of-psychiatric-morbidity
#14
Jawad H Butt, Søren Dalsgaard, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Lars Køber, Gunnar H Gislason, Christina Kruuse, Emil L Fosbøl
OBJECTIVES: Beta-blockers relieve the autonomic symptoms of exam-related anxiety and may be beneficial in exam-related and performance anxiety, but knowledge on related psychiatric outcomes is unknown. We hypothesized that beta-blocker therapy for exam-related anxiety identifies young students at risk of later psychiatric events. METHODS: Using Danish nationwide administrative registries, we studied healthy students aged 14-30 years (1996-2012) with a first-time claimed prescription for a beta-blocker during the exam period (May-June); students who were prescribed a beta-blocker for medical reasons were excluded...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745690/adolescent-injuries-in-argentina-bolivia-chile-and-uruguay-results-from-the-2012-2013-global-school-based-student-health-survey-gshs
#15
Naja I Beck, Issra Arif, Michelle F Paumier, Kathryn H Jacobsen
OBJECTIVES: The goals of this study were to identify the proportion of early adolescents in southern South America who were injured in the past year, to identify risk behaviours and other exposures associated with injuries, and to evaluate the most common types and causes of injury in this population. METHODS: We used complex samples analysis to examine cross-sectional data from more than 35,000 students from all four countries in South America that participated in the Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS) in 2012-2013...
December 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695366/primary-dysmenorrhea-magnitude-associated-risk-factors-and-its-effect-on-academic-performance-evidence-from-female-university-students-in-ethiopia
#16
Solomon Hailemeskel, Asrate Demissie, Nigussie Assefa
BACKGROUND: Primary dysmenorrhea (PD) is the most common gynecologic compliant among adolescent females. There is a wide variation in the estimate of PD, which ranges from 50% to 90%, and the disorder is the most common cause of work and school absenteeism in adolescent females. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and associated risk factors of PD among female university students and understand its effects on students' academic performance. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was employed in 440 research participants...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627974/risk-factors-in-the-pediatric-ward-recognized-by-students-before-pediatric-nursing-practice-%C3%AF-basic-data-for-medical-safety-education-based-on-student-s-learning-readiness%C3%AF
#17
Kanako Hirowatari, Emi Nakamura
The purpose of this study was to extract the risk factors recognized by students before pediatric nursing practice in order to conduct medical safety education based on student's learning readiness. Third-year nursing students of A nursing college used the P-mSHELL model to find the risk factors in a simulated pediatric hospital room, and the researchers analyzed the contents. The students recognized four categories of risk factors: "burden on the family", "characteristics of the infant", "characteristics of children with disease", and "the family's cognition and understanding"...
September 2016: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621913/the-effect-of-information-about-gynecological-examination-on-the-anxiety-level-of-women-applying-to-gynecology-clinics-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study
#18
Kahraman Ulker, Yuksel Kivrak
BACKGROUND: Crowded hospital outpatient clinics and endless waiting lines that make patients feel overlooked tend to exaggerate patients' anxiety levels. In addition, fear of pain, shyness, religious and traditional thoughts, women's sexual role in society, and previous information and experience also contribute to people's anxiety levels with regard to gynecologic examination. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to analyze the effect of specific information about gynecologic examination on anxiety levels of women applying to gynecology clinics...
June 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618306/internet-addiction-and-relationships-with-insomnia-anxiety-depression-stress-and-self-esteem-in-university-students-a-cross-sectional-designed-study
#19
Farah Younes, Ghinwa Halawi, Hicham Jabbour, Nada El Osta, Latife Karam, Aline Hajj, Lydia Rabbaa Khabbaz
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Internet addiction (IA) could be a major concern in university medical students aiming to develop into health professionals. The implications of this addiction as well as its association with sleep, mood disorders and self-esteem can hinder their studies, impact their long-term career goals and have wide and detrimental consequences for society as a whole. The objectives of this study were to: 1) Assess potential IA in university medical students, as well as factors associated with it; 2) Assess the relationships between potential IA, insomnia, depression, anxiety, stress and self-esteem...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601935/resource-oriented-coaching-for-reduction-of-examination-related-stress-in-medical-students-an-exploratory-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Thomas Kötter, Frank Niebuhr
INTRODUCTION: The years spent in acquiring medical education is considered a stressful period in the life of many students. Students whose mental health deteriorates during this long period of study are less likely to become empathic and productive physicians. In addition to other specific stressors, academic examinations seem to further induce medical school-related stress and anxiety. Combined group and individual resource-oriented coaching early in medical education might reduce examination-related stress and anxiety and, consequently, enhance academic performance...
2016: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
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