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anxiety in medical student

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103727/exam-anxiety-in-the-undergraduate-medical-students-of-taibah-university
#1
Khalid I Khoshhal, Gamal A Khairy, Salman Y Guraya, Shaista S Guraya
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Assessment is perceived to create highly stressful environment among medical students. Several studies have reported exam-related anxiety symptoms but the contributing factors seem to differ across institutions. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of exam anxiety, gender differences and the variables that moderate exam anxiety among students of a Saudi medical school. METHODS: A cross-section study was done on 5th year medical students by administering a 12-statement self-administered questionnaire...
January 20, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099177/medical-students-perspectives-on-implementing-curriculum-change-at-one-institution
#2
Aaron M Yengo-Kahn, Courtney E Baker, Kimberly D Lomis
Training physicians to be effective practitioners throughout their careers begins in undergraduate medical education with particular focus on self-directed inquiry, professional and interprofessional development, and competency-based assessment. A select number of medical schools are restructuring their curricula by placing the student at the center of content delivery to enhance the learning experience. While this restructuring may benefit the adult learner, administrators often make assumptions about how students will perceive and respond to such innovative and unfamiliar educational concepts...
January 17, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061463/prevalence-of-psychological-symptoms-among-ebola-survivors-and-healthcare-workers-during-the-2014-2015-ebola-outbreak-in-sierra-leone-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Dong Ji, Ying-Jie Ji, Xue-Zhang Duan, Wen-Gang Li, Zhi-Qiang Sun, Xue-Ai Song, Yu-Hua Meng, Hong-Mei Tang, Fang Chu, Xiao-Xia Niu, Guo-Feng Chen, Jin Li, Hui-Juan Duan
The 2014-2015 Ebola epidemic was considered to be the largest and most complex outbreak, which caused 11,310 reported deaths. The epidemic disease can cause a mental health crisis, however, there is only a small amount of scientific literature available related to this health issue so far. We evaluated the psychological symptoms of 161 participants including Ebola survivors and healthcare workers in Sierra Leone, analyzed the impact of job classification, education level on psychological status. We found that the order of total general severity index (GSI) scores from high to low was EVD survivors, SL medical staff, SL logistic staff, SL medical students, and Chinese medical staff...
January 4, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056972/perceived-stress-in-first-year-medical-students-associations-with-personal-resources-and-emotional-distress
#4
Ines Heinen, Monika Bullinger, Rüya-Daniela Kocalevent
BACKGROUND: Medical students have been found to report high levels of perceived stress, yet there is a lack of theoretical frameworks examining possible reasons. This cross-sectional study examines correlates of perceived stress in medical students on the basis of a conceptual stress model originally developed for and applied to the general population. The aim was to identify via structural equation modeling the associations between perceived stress and emotional distress (anxiety and depression), taking into account the activation of personal resources (optimism, self-efficacy and resilient coping)...
January 6, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035056/factors-associated-with-medical-student-test-anxiety-in-objective-structured-clinical-examinations-a-preliminary-study
#5
Kyong-Jee Kim
Objectives: To investigate attributes of medical students associated with their test anxiety on Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCEs). Methods: A cross-sectional study using a self-administered questionnaire was conducted of all Year 3 and 4 students at a private medical school in South Korea in 2014. This 53-item questionnaire consisted of factors pertaining to test anxiety on the OSCE identified from a review of relevant literature, which included students' motivational beliefs and achievement emotions, perceived values of the OSCE, and attitude and orientation towards patients...
December 29, 2016: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013572/prescription-stimulant-misuse-and-adhd-symptomatology-among-college-students-in-iceland
#6
Bergljot Gyda Gudmundsdottir, Lisa Weyandt, Gabriela Bryndis Ernudottir
OBJECTIVE: Misuse of prescription stimulant medication is a prevalent problem on American college campuses; however, few studies have been conducted beyond the United States. Although Iceland has the highest methylphenidate prescription rates in the world, prevalence of stimulant misuse within the Icelandic college student population remains to be investigated. METHOD: We examined the prevalence of prescription stimulant misuse among N = 521 college students in Iceland, using an online survey...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997222/empathy-in-medical-students-is-moderated-by-openness-to-spirituality
#7
Rodolfo F Damiano, Lisabeth F DiLalla, Giancarlo Lucchetti, J Kevin Dorsey
THEORY: Empathy is one component of medical student education that may be important to nurture, but there are many potential psychological barriers to empathy, such as student depression, burnout, and low quality of life or wellness behaviors. However, few studies have addressed how positive behaviors such as wellness and spirituality, in combination with these barriers, might affect empathy. HYPOTHESES: We hypothesized a negative relationship between psychological distress and empathy, and a positive relationship between empathy and wellness behaviors...
December 20, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986086/pelvic-and-breast-examination-skills-curricula-in-united-states-medical-schools-a-survey-of-obstetrics-and-gynecology-clerkship-directors
#8
Lorraine Dugoff, Archana Pradhan, Petra Casey, John L Dalrymple, Jodi F Abbott, Samantha D Buery-Joyner, Alice Chuang, Amie J Cullimore, David A Forstein, Brittany S Hampton, Joseph M Kaczmarczyk, Nadine T Katz, Francis S Nuthalapaty, Sarah M Page-Ramsey, Abigail Wolf, Nancy A Hueppchen
BACKGROUND: Learning to perform pelvic and breast examinations produces anxiety for many medical students. Clerkship directors have long sought strategies to help students become comfortable with the sensitive nature of these examinations. Incorporating standardized patients, simulation and gynecologic teaching associates (GTAs) are approaches gaining widespread use. However, there is a paucity of literature guiding optimal approach and timing. Our primary objective was to survey obstetrics and gynecology (Ob/Gyn) clerkship directors regarding timing and methods for teaching and assessment of pelvic and breast examination skills in United States medical school curricula, and to assess clerkship director satisfaction with current educational strategies at their institutions...
December 16, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955653/-how-do-medical-students-regulate-their-emotions
#9
Karolina Doulougeri, Efharis Panagopoulou, Anthony Montgomery
BACKGROUND: Medical training can be a challenging and emotionally intense period for medical students. However the emotions experienced by medical students in the face of challenging situations and the emotion regulation strategies they use remains relatively unexplored. The aim of the present study was to explore the emotions elicited by memorable incidents reported by medical students and the associated emotion regulation strategies. METHODS: Peer interviewing was used to collect medical students' memorable incidents...
December 12, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942029/predictors-of-participation-of-sophomore-medical-students-in-a-health-promoting-intervention-an-observational-study
#10
Thomas Kötter, Johanna Ritter, Alexander Katalinic, Edgar Voltmer
Medical students and doctors have to be particularly stress-resilient, as both medical education and practice are considered very stressful. Specific stressors can lead to increased risks of developing, for example, depression, anxiety and burnout. Relaxation techniques have proven to be effective for the prevention of these outcomes in student populations. However, only a very few medical students practice relaxation techniques regularly early on in their studies. Furthermore, it is unclear which students make use of stress-management offers and hence whether vulnerable students are generally reachable...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940771/the-aap-resilience-in-the-face-of-grief-and-loss-curriculum
#11
Janet R Serwint, Susan Bostwick, Ann E Burke, Annamaria Church, Albina Gogo, Dena Hofkosh, Marta King, Jennifer Linebarger, Megan E McCabe, Margaret Moon, Amanda Osta, Deborah T Rana, O J Sahler, Keely Smith, Florence Rivera, Constance Baldwin
A career in pediatrics can bring great joy and satisfaction. It can also be challenging and lead some providers to manifest burnout and depression. A curriculum designed to help pediatric health providers acquire resilience and adaptive skills may be a key element in transforming times of anxiety and grief into rewarding professional experiences. The need for this curriculum was identified by the American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Medical Students, Residents and Fellowship Trainees. A working group of educators developed this curriculum to address the professional attitudes, knowledge, and skills essential to thrive despite the many stressors inevitable in clinical care...
November 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919020/psychosocial-factors-associated-with-migraine-and-tension-type-headache-in-medical-students
#12
Elena R Lebedeva, Natalia R Kobzeva, Denis V Gilev, Nadezhda V Kislyak, Jes Olesen
BACKGROUND: In our previous study of workers, blood donors and medical students, students stood out with a higher 1-year prevalence of migraine (28%) and tension-type headache (TTH) (74%). General factors associated with headache were common for all groups except low physical activity. The hypothesis of this study was therefore that a number of psychosocial factors relating to the personal sphere would better explain the high prevalence of migraine and TTH in students. METHODS: The study population consisted of 1042 students (719 females, 323 males, mean age 20...
November 8, 2016: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895442/translation-of-the-medical-fear-survey-to-serbian-psychometric-properties
#13
J Djokovic, B Milovanovic, J R Milovanovic, O Milovanovic, I Stojic, S Mrvic, M Kostic, S Stefanovic, S M Jankovic
BACKGROUND: Medical Fear Survey (MFS) is an instrument designed for measuring fear of medical and related treatments. OBJECTIVE: Aim of the present study was MFS translation into Serbian, measurement of its psychometric properties and MFS validation using other Blood-injury-injections and related stimuli instruments that have been translated from English into Serbian. METHOD: After obtaining permission from the author of the original MFS, double forward translation from English to Serbian and backward translation to English were conducted in ten steps, according to International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR) guidelines...
January 2016: Hippokratia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892436/study-of-depression-anxiety-and-stress-among-the-medical-students-in-two-medical-colleges-of-nepal
#14
D Kunwar, A Risal, S Koirala
Background Medical education is intended to prepare graduates for a promoting health and caring for the sick. Medical students are confronted with significant academic, psychological and existential stressors. There is insufficient information regarding psychological morbidity among Nepalese medical students. Objective To determine the prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress, among the medical students in Nepal, and its association with sociodemographic characteristics. Method A cross-sectional questionnaire based study was conducted including all students from first to fifth year of student using convenience method of sampling from Kathmandu University Medical School (KUSMS), Dhulikhel and Manipal College of Medical Sciences (MCOMS), Pokhara, Nepal...
January 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889445/mindfulness-training-for-health-profession-students-the-effect-of-mindfulness-training-on-psychological-well-being-learning-and-clinical-performance-of-health-professional-students-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-and-non-randomized-controlled-trials
#15
REVIEW
Janet McConville, Rachael McAleer, Andrew Hahne
BACKGROUND: High levels of stress have been identified in medical students and increasingly in other health profession student population groups. As stress can affect psychological well-being and interfere with learning and clinical performance, there is a clear argument for universities to include health professional student well-being as an outcome in core curriculum. Mindfulness training is a potential construct to manage stress and enhance academic success. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this systematic review were to assess the effectiveness of mindfulness training in medical and other health professional student population groups and to compare the effectiveness of the different mindfulness-based programs...
October 24, 2016: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878052/missing-the-mark-current-practices-in-teaching-the-male-urogenital-examination-to-canadian-undergraduate-medical-students
#16
Kristen McAlpine, Stephen Steele
INTRODUCTION: The urogenital physical examination is an important aspect of patient encounters in various clinical settings. Introductory clinical skills sessions are intended to provide support and alleviate students' anxiety when learning this sensitive exam. The techniques each Canadian medical school uses to guide their students through the initial urogenital examination has not been previously reported. METHODS: This study surveyed pre-clerkship clinical skills program directors at the main campus of English-speaking Canadian medical schools regarding the curriculum they use to teach the urogenital examination...
August 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874837/effectiveness-of-spiritist-passe-spiritual-healing-on-the-psychophysiological-parameters-in-hospitalized-patients
#17
Élida Mara Carneiro, Giselle Vanessa Moraes, Guilherme Azevedo Terra
Context • The coexistence of affective disorders, especially anxiety and depression, with medical illness is a topic of considerable clinical and research interest. Complementary biofield modalities are therapies that involve touch or placement of the hands in or through biofields. Spiritual healing, or Spiritist passe (SP), is a kind of laying on of hands (LOH), and therefore is a biofield therapy. Objective • The current study intended to evaluate the effects of SP on psychological parameters such as anxiety and depression and on the perceptions of muscle tension and wellness as well as physiological parameters, such as pain intensity, heart rate (HR), and oxygen saturation (SpO2)...
July 2016: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822282/the-role-of-neuroticism-and-experiential-avoidance-in-predicting-anxiety-and-depression-symptoms-mediating-effect-of-emotion-regulation
#18
Parvaneh Mohammadkhani, Imaneh Abasi, Abbas Pourshahbaz, Abolfazl Mohammadi, Morteza Fatehi
BACKGROUND: Preliminary evidence supports the role of neuroticism, experiential avoidance and emotion regulation in anxiety and depression; however, the mechanism of these relationships is not known well. OBJECTIVES: The present study mainly aimed to assess the mediating role of emotion regulation in the relationship between neuroticism and experiential avoidance and anxiety and depression symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: By convenient sampling, 316 students from Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences and University of Tehran were selected and measures of experiential avoidance, neuroticism, emotion regulation, worry, anxiety and depression were administered among them, 2014-2015...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821143/prevalence-of-mental-distress-and-associated-factors-among-hawassa-university-medical-students-southern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Biniam Melese, Birhanu Bayu, Fikir Wondwossen, Kalkidan Tilahun, Seti Lema, Moges Ayehu, Eskindir Loha
BACKGROUND: Mental distress is a mental health problem expressed with variable levels of depressive, anxiety, panic or somatic symptoms. Owing to several factors tertiary level students are among the population with higher prevalence of mental distress and an even more higher prevalence has been reported in medical students. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of mental distress among medical students, and to evaluate contextually relevant associated factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among medical students attending Hawassa University College of Medicine and Health Sciences in 2013/2014 academic year...
November 8, 2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806192/medical-student-use-of-facebook-to-support-preparation-for-anatomy-assessments
#20
James D Pickering, Suzanne R Bickerdike
The use of Facebook to support students is an emerging area of educational research. This study explored how a Facebook Page could support Year 2 medical (MBChB) students in preparation for summative anatomy assessments and alleviate test anxiety. Overall, Facebook analytics revealed that in total 49 (19.8% of entire cohort) students posted a comment in preparation for either the first (33 students) or second (34) summative anatomy assessments. 18 students commented in preparation for both. In total, 155 comments were posted, with 83 for the first and 72 for the second...
November 2, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
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