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anxiety in medical student

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241417/neuropsychiatric-manifestations-are-not-uncommon-in-indian-lupus-patients-and-negatively-affect-quality-of-life
#1
H Muhammed, M Goyal, V Lal, S Singh, V Dhir
Objectives The objectives of this paper are to look at the prevalence of neuropsychiatric manifestations and assess their impact on quality of life in North Indian lupus patients. Methods The study included consecutive patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who were older than 18 years and met the SLICC 2012 criteria. A diagnosis of a neuropsychiatric syndrome was made as per ACR 1999 definitions. Manifestations occurring at any point in time after the diagnosis of SLE were considered if a reliable history and medical records were available...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240936/grit-illness-related-distress-and-psychosocial-outcomes-in-college-students-with-a-chronic-medical-condition-a-path-analysis
#2
Christina M Sharkey, Dana M Bakula, Amanda N Baraldi, Megan N Perez, Kristina I Suorsa, John M Chaney, Larry L Mullins
Objective: Adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with chronic medical conditions are at increased risk for a host of negative psychosocial outcomes, including depressive and anxious symptoms. Although studies have shown that illness appraisals (e.g., illness intrusiveness [II] and illness uncertainty [IU]) demonstrate consistent associations with such outcomes, few studies have examined positive factors that may relate to better psychosocial outcomes and appraisals. The present study evaluated grit (i...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229660/rationale-and-design-of-geneius-a-prospective-observational-study-on-the-genetic-and-environmental-determinants-of-body-mass-index-evolution-in-canadian-undergraduate-students
#3
Rita E Morassut, Christine Langlois, Akram Alyass, Adeola F Ishola, Fereshteh T Yazdi, Alexandra J Mayhew, Hudson Reddon, James MacKillop, Marie Pigeyre, David Meyre
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a global epidemic and is a risk factor for developing other comorbidities. Young adulthood is a critical period for body weight change and establishing healthy lifestyle behaviours. The 'Freshman 15' suggests that undergraduate students gain 15 lbs (6.8 kg) during their first year of university, although evidence estimates a more modest weight gain of approximately 3-5 lbs (1.4-2.3 kg). Previous studies have only investigated weight change in the first year and do not study potential risk factors...
December 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220608/factors-that-differentiate-prescription-stimulant-misusers-from-those-at-risk-for-misuse-expectancies-perceived-safety-and-diversion
#4
Laura J Holt, Alison Looby
BACKGROUND: The nonmedical use of prescription stimulants (NMUPS) is one of the most prevalent illicit behaviors on college campuses. While numerous risk factors for NMUPS have been identified, it is unknown how nonusing students who meet several risk factors for NMUPS differ from those who have used, which may inform intervention efforts. We expected that users would evidence greater cognitive enhancement and anxiety/arousal expectancies and intentions to use, and lower guilt/dependence expectancies, perceptions of NMUPS-related harm, and academic self-efficacy...
December 8, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184969/out-of-pocket-health-expenditures-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-anxiety-schizophrenia-and-other-psychotic-disorders-findings-from-a-study-in-a-psychiatry-outpatient-clinic-in-turkey
#5
Duygu Islek, Bulent Kilic, Berna Binnur Akdede
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to explore the amount of OOP health expenditures and their determinants in patients with bipolar disorder, anxiety, schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders in a psychiatry outpatient clinic of Turkey. METHODS: The study group was 191 patients who attended to the Psychiatry Outpatient Clinic in June 2014. All patients were previously diagnosed with either 'bipolar disorder', 'anxiety disorder' or 'schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders'...
November 28, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183315/prevalence-of-poor-mental-health-among-medical-students-in-nepal-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Arjab Adhikari, Aman Dutta, Supriya Sapkota, Abina Chapagain, Anurag Aryal, Amita Pradhan
BACKGROUND: Poor mental health among medical students is widely acknowledged. Studies on mental health among medical students of Nepal are lacking. Therefore, we conducted a study to determine the prevalence of mental disorders. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among medical students at KIST Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Nepal from December 2016 to February 2017. Our survey instrument consisted of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ) and questions about socio-demographic factors, smoking, marijuana use, suicidal ideation and thoughts of dropping out of medical school...
November 28, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176864/health-assessment-of-french-university-students-and-risk-factors-associated-with-mental-health-disorders
#7
Antoine Tran, Laurie Tran, Nicolas Geghre, David Darmon, Marion Rampal, Diane Brandone, Jean-Michel Gozzo, Hervé Haas, Karine Rebouillat-Savy, Hervé Caci, Paul Avillach
OBJECTIVE: The first year of university is a particularly stressful period and can impact academic performance and students' health. The aim of this study was to evaluate the health and lifestyle of undergraduates and assess risk factors associated with psychiatric symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between September 2012 and June 2013, we included all undergraduate students who underwent compulsory a medical visit at the university medical service in Nice (France) during which they were screened for potential diseases during a diagnostic interview...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174166/pre-simulation-orientation-for-medical-trainees-an-approach-to-decrease-anxiety-and-improve-confidence-and-performance
#8
Cassidy Bommer, Sarah Sullivan, Krystle Campbell, Zachary Ahola, Suresh Agarwal, Ann O'Rourke, Hee Soo Jung, Angela Gibson, Glen Leverson, Amy E Liepert
BACKGROUND: We assessed the effect of basic orientation to the simulation environment on anxiety, confidence, and clinical decision making. METHODS: Twenty-four graduating medical students participated in a two-week surgery preparatory curriculum, including three simulations. Baseline anxiety was assessed pre-course. Scenarios were completed on day 2 and day 9. Prior to the first simulation, participants were randomly divided into two groups. Only one group received a pre-simulation orientation...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170342/45%C3%A2-patient-evaluation-of-trauma-service
#9
Balraj Jagdev, Hannah Gardiner, Chris Turner
: Patient Experience of the Trauma System (PETS)Trauma care is highly organised, time critical medicine. Changes to patient management in trauma care are often the result of Random Control Trials, and expert opinion following rigorous evaluation of the evidence. Highly efficient, injury focused care is required to achieve the best outcomes for patients. One area that has not been researched so thoroughly however, is the patient experience of trauma care. As evidence already suggests that patients with high stress levels have poorer outcomes, we wanted to investigate the patient perception of the trauma system...
December 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159176/effect-of-alternate-nostril-breathing-exercise-on-experimentally-induced-anxiety-in-healthy-volunteers-using-the-simulated-public-speaking-model-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#10
Ashwin Kamath, Rathnakar P Urval, Ashok K Shenoy
A randomized controlled pilot study was carried out to determine the effect of a 15-minute practice of ANB exercise on experimentally induced anxiety using the simulated public speaking model in yoga-naïve healthy young adults. Thirty consenting medical students were equally divided into test and control groups. The test group performed alternate nostril breathing exercise for 15 minutes, while the control group sat in a quiet room before participating in the simulated public speaking test (SPST). Visual Analog Mood Scale and Self-Statements during Public Speaking scale were used to measure the mood state at different phases of the SPST...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149893/association-between-severity-of-illicit-drug-dependence-and-quality-of-life-in-a-psychosocial-care-center-in-brazil-cross-sectional-study
#11
Selva Rios Campêlo, Maria Alves Barbosa, Danilo Rocha Dias, Camila Cardoso Caixeta, Cláudio Rodrigues Leles, Celmo Celeno Porto
BACKGROUND: Quality of life must be one of the main purposes for the treatment of drug users, requiring a better understanding of the association between the quality of life and the severity of dependency. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between severity of substance use in various areas of human functioning and quality of life of illicit drug users in a psychosocial care center for alcohol and drugs. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 60 participants - illicit drug users - treated at a psychosocial care center for alcohol and drugs...
November 17, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135060/a-study-to-determine-the-prevalence-of-temporomandibular-disorders-in-a-young-adult-population-and-its-association-with-psychological-and-functional-occlusal-parameters
#12
Hemant Maheshkumar Jivnani, Shuchi Tripathi, Rama Shanker, Balendra Pratap Singh, Kaushal Kishor Agrawal, Rameshwari Singhal
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in medical university students and to analyze the relationship of TMD with psychological and functional occlusal parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 200 students (mean age 21.81 ± 1.99) were screened for TMD with the TMD Pain Screener. Clinical examinations identified the participants with TMD. Based on their diagnostic criteria for TMD (DC/TMD) axis I diagnosis, participants were divided into three groups: group 1- non-TMD, group 2- pain related TMD and headaches, and group 3- intra-articular joint disorders...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132334/is-perfect-good-dimensions-of-perfectionism-in-newly-admitted-medical-students
#13
Helen Seeliger, Sigrid Harendza
BACKGROUND: Society expects physicians to perform perfectly but high levels of perfectionism are associated with symptoms of distress in medical students. This study investigated whether medical students admitted to medical school by different selection criteria differ in the occurrence of perfectionism. METHODS: Newly enrolled undergraduate medical students (n = 358) filled out the following instruments: Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS-H), Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS-F), Big Five Inventory (BFI-10), General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE), Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9), and Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7 (GAD-7)...
November 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122226/-relationship-between-personality-organization-and-the-prevalence-of-symptoms-of-depression-anxiety-and-stress-among-university-students-in-health-careers-in-the-region-of-coquimbo-chile
#14
René Barraza López, Nadia Muñoz Navarro, Ana Contreras Astorga
OBJECTIVE: The literature reports a set of variables associated with depression, anxiety and stress in health career students. The only one of these that could have a constant input is the structure of personality organisation. The present study aims to determine the relationship between the dimensions of personality organization and depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms reported by first-year university health career students. METHODS: Under a non-experimental ex-post-facto design, the personality organisation was evaluated in 235 1st year university, medical, nursing, and kinesiology from three universities of La Serena and Coquimbo (Chile)...
October 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109664/a-cross-sectional-study-of-psychiatric-disorders-in-medical-sciences-students
#15
Farkhondeh Jamshidi, Sasan Mogehi, Maria Cheraghi, Seiedeh Farzaneh Jafari, Iman Kabi, Leila Rashidi
Introduction: Aim of article was to investigate the prevalence of psychiatric disorders (depression, social dysfunction, anxiety and somatic symptoms) and some of its influencing factors in freshmen at Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study which has conducted among 781 new students of all faculties of University in 2014. A study tool was the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ28). Results: Founding of this study has shown that from 781 students under study (33% male and 67% female)...
September 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093971/investigation-of-the-relationship-between-psychological-variables-and-sleep-quality-in-students-of-medical-sciences
#16
Majid Najafi Kalyani, Nahid Jamshidi, Javad Salami, Elahe Pourjam
Objectives: Students of medical sciences are exposed to many emotional and mental problems. In light of the importance of sleep quality in learning and liveliness, this study was conducted to examine the relationship between psychological variables (stress, anxiety, and depression) and sleep quality of students. Design: This research is a cross-sectional analytical study, where all students studying at Fasa University of Medical Sciences in 2012-2013 year were selected...
2017: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093376/-development-of-a-new-scholastic-program-for-medication-counseling-practice-in-preclinical-training-constructed-for-junior-students-by-senior-students-based-on-their-experiences-of-on-site-practice
#17
Sayo Suzuki, Izumi Aono, Natsumi Imai, Aki Kuwabara, Yuki Kenda, Minako Matsumoto, Aya Yoshida, Asuka Watanabe, Akinori Takagi, Noriko Kobayashi, Haruko Saeki, Hisakazu Ohtani, Tomonori Nakamura, Junko Kizu
 Long-term practical on-site training, based on the Model Core Curriculum for Pharmaceutical Education, is a core program of the 6-year course of pharmaceutical education, introduced in Japan in 2010. In particular, medication counseling in practical training in 5th-year provides valuable opportunities for communication with real patients rather than simulated patients (SPs). However, it can also cause anxiety in 4th-year students before practical training. To address such concerns, upperclassmen (5th- and 6th-year students), who have already completed practical training, constructed and conducted a new educational program for medication counseling practice in preclinical training based on their experiences...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083991/psychosocial-correlates-of-perceived-stress-among-undergraduate-medical-students-in-nigeria
#18
Bawo O James, Ibironke F Thomas, Joyce O Omoaregba, Esther O Okogbenin, Kingsley M Okonoda, Abdu W Ibrahim, Auwal S Salihu, Yewande O Oshodi, Andrew Orovwigho, Paul C Odinka, George O Eze, Godwin C Onyebueke, Benjamin E Aweh
Objectives: To assess the prevalence and factors associated with perceived stress among medical students. Methods: A cross-sectional study of students (n=623) selected across eight medical schools in Nigeria. A structured questionnaire obtained socio-demographic characteristics, alcohol use (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test), other psychoactive drug use (Drug Abuse Screening Test), anxiety/depression symptoms (Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale) and stress (Perceived Medical School Stress Scale)...
October 26, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076675/suicidal-ideation-depression-anxiety-stress-and-life-satisfaction-of-medical-engineering-and-social-sciences-students
#19
Sabahat Naseem, Seema Munaf
BACKGROUND: Pursuing higher education is not an easy task as it requires hard work, dedication, and motivation. Although there are many rewards involved in growing up academically, nevertheless, it contains a few hazards too. For instance, suicidal ideation is associated with presence of depression, anxiety, and stress with low level of satisfaction with life in students finding difficulty in handling educational demands of higher education. Therefore, the present study focused on the query that whether there is any difference or not among medical, engineering, and social sciences students of city of Karachi, Pakistan in the level of suicidal ideation, depression, anxiety, stress, and life satisfaction...
July 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033639/a-survey-focusing-on-lucid-dreaming-metacognition-and-dream-anxiety-in-medical-students
#20
Çağdaş Yokuşoğlu, Mücahit Atasoy, Nurgül Tekeli, Ahmet Ural, Çağla Ulus, Yunus Taylan, Gülser Aydin, Gözde Gültekin, Murat Emül
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to examine the level of lucidity and its relation with metacognitive beliefs and dream anxiety in medical students. METHODS: Nine hundred sixteen medical students were enrolled in the study. The participants were assessed with the Lucidity and Consciousness in Dreams Scale (LuCiD), the Metacognition Questionnaire-30 (MCQ-30), and the Van Dream Anxiety Scale (VDAS). RESULTS: There was no significant difference in mean total lucidity score between females and males, but there were some significant sex differences in subscales of lucidity, and control was significantly higher in male students, while realism, thought, and dissociation were significantly higher in female students...
September 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
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