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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079824/inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumors-of-the-pancreas-in-children-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Hsien-Kuan Liu, Yung-Cheng Lin, Ming-Lun Yeh, Yaw-Sen Chen, Yu-Tsun Su, Ching-Chung Tsai
INTRODUCTION: Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors are an uncommon neoplasm, which are very rarely located in the pancreas. Clinically and radiologically, this rare pancreatic tumor presents as an abdominal mass lesion that mimics other pancreatic tumors, and should therefore be considered in the differential diagnosis of pancreatic tumors. CLINICAL FINDINGS AND DIAGNOSIS: The 15-year-old boy complained of abdominal pain over the left upper quadrant with intermittent fever for 7 days...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078482/irreversible-electroporation-as-treatment-of-locally-advanced-and-as-margin-accentuation-in-borderline-resectable-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma
#2
P Marsanic, A Mellano, A Sottile, M De Simone
In recent years, many local ablation technologies based on thermal damage have been used in the treatment of locally advanced pancreatic carcinoma (LAPC) and borderline resectable pancreatic carcinoma (BLRPC). However, they are associated with major complications because of possible vascular and ductal damage. Irreversible electroporation (IRE) is a nonthermal ablation technology that seems safe near vital vascular and ductal structures. IRE could be used as exclusive treatment of LAPC (en situ to IRE) after induction chemotherapy In BLRPC, surgery is not really radical in 6% of patients (microscopic residual) and local recurrences occur in 11-42% of apparent radical resections...
January 11, 2017: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072460/psychosocial-interventions-for-recurrent-abdominal-pain-in-childhood
#3
REVIEW
Rebecca A Abbott, Alice E Martin, Tamsin V Newlove-Delgado, Alison Bethel, Joanna Thompson-Coon, Rebecca Whear, Stuart Logan
BACKGROUND: This review supersedes the original Cochrane review first published in 2008 (Huertas-Ceballos 2008).Between 4% and 25% of school-aged children complain of recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) severe enough to interfere with their daily activities. No organic cause for this pain can be found on physical examination or investigation for the majority of such children. Although many children are managed by reassurance and simple measures, a large range of psychosocial interventions involving cognitive and behavioural components have been recommended...
January 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071630/ovarian-tumors-in-children-10-year-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-center-in-south-india
#4
B Rajeswari, M Nair, A Ninan, K Parukuttyamma
BACKGROUND: Ovarian tumors are uncommon in childhood and constitute around 1% of childhood malignancies. Two thirds of pediatric ovarian tumors are germ cell tumors. Epithelial ovarian tumors and stromal tumors are less frequent. We share our experience in childhood ovarian cancers, analyzing a series of cases with respect to the clinical profile, treatment and survival. METHODS: All newly diagnosed ovarian tumors in children up to 14 years of age, registered in our Pediatric Oncology Division between January 2000 and December 2009 were retrospectively reviewed...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070050/-clinical-comparative-analysis-for-pulmonary-histoplasmosis-and-progressive-disseminated-histoplasmosis
#5
Yan Zhang, Xiaoli Su, Yuanyuan Li, Ruoxi He, Chengping Hu, Pinhua Pan
To compare clinical features, diagnosis and therapeutic effect between pulmonary histoplasmosis and progressive disseminated histoplasmosis.
 Methods: A retrospective analysis for 12 cases of hospitalized patients with histoplasmosis, who was admitted in Xiangya Hospital, Central South University during the time from February 2009 to October 2015, was carried out. Four cases of pulmonary histoplasmosis and 8 cases of progressive disseminated histoplasmosis were included. The differences of clinical features, imaging tests, means for diagnosis and prognosis were analyzed between the two types of histoplasmosis...
December 28, 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070047/-clinical-analysis-for-patients-with-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-associated-peritonitis
#6
Jian Liu, Xun Huang, Yao Liu, Hui Xu, Rui'e Gong, Chunhui Li
To analyze the clinical characteristics of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) associated peritonitis in the tertiary hospitals and to discuss the preventive and therapeutic strategy.
 Methods: The clinical characteristics, pathogens, resistance and outcomes of 126 CAPD associated peritonitis in 104 patients from Jan, 2013 to June, 2016, were retrospectively analyzed.
 Results: Among the patients, the incidence rates of abdominal pain, fever, diarrhea and emesis were 104 (82.54%), 56 (44.44%), 49 (38...
December 28, 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070012/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-intestinal-parasitic-infection-in-schoolchildren-in-battambang-cambodia
#7
Chien-Wei Liao, Kuan-Chih Chiu, I-Chen Chiang, Po-Ching Cheng, Ting-Wu Chuang, Juo-Han Kuo, Yun-Hung Tu, Chia-Kwung Fan
Most intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs), commonly endemic in tropical resource-poor developing countries, are neglected tropical diseases. Parasitic infections and malnutrition are most commonly found in children. We determined the prevalence of IPIs and the risk factors in Battambang Province, northwestern Cambodia, from August to September 2015. This study collected 308 valid questionnaires and specimens from Dontri (173, 56.2%) and Kon Kaêk (135, 43.8%) primary schools. All stool samples were examined using Chang's Feces Examination Apparatus through the merthiolate-iodine-formaldehyde technique...
January 9, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064440/dietary-fibre-for-the-prevention-of-recurrent-colorectal-adenomas-and-carcinomas
#8
REVIEW
Yibo Yao, Tao Suo, Roland Andersson, Yongqing Cao, Chen Wang, Jingen Lu, Evelyne Chui
BACKGROUND: This is an update of the Cochrane review published in 2002.Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in industrialised countries. Experimental evidence has supported the hypothesis that dietary fibre may protect against the development of CRC, although epidemiologic data have been inconclusive. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of dietary fibre on the recurrence of colorectal adenomatous polyps in people with a known history of adenomatous polyps and on the incidence of CRC compared to placebo...
January 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062049/efficacy-and-safety-of-chinese-patent-medicines-in-the-treatment-of%C3%A2-recurrent-aphthous-stomatitis-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Peiru Zhou, Qinghua Mao, Hong Hua, Xiaosong Liu, Zhimin Yan
BACKGROUND: Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is the most common chronic oral mucosal condition of the oral cavity. Investigators in clinical trials have evaluated the effectiveness of Chinese patent medicines in the treatment of RAS. However, the results are conflicting rather than conclusive. To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Chinese patent medicines for the treatment of RAS, the authors conducted a systematic review. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: The authors searched 9 electronic databases to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or potential clinical controlled trials (CCTs), published in any language, in which the investigators compared Chinese patent medicines with vitamin tablets or placebos for the treatment of RAS...
January 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061975/the-place-of-stress-and-emotions-in-the-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#10
S Pellissier, B Bonaz
Our emotional state can have many consequences on our somatic health and well-being. Negative emotions such as anxiety play a major role in gut functioning due to the bidirectional communications between gut and brain, namely, the brain-gut axis. The irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), characterized by an unusual visceral hypersensitivity, is the most common disorder encountered by gastroenterologists. Among the main symptoms, the presence of current or recurrent abdominal pain or discomfort associated with bloating and altered bowel habits characterizes this syndrome that could strongly alter the quality of life...
2017: Vitamins and Hormones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058221/quality-of-life-10-years-after-liver-transplantation-the-impact-of-graft-histology
#11
Vincent Karam, Mylène Sebagh, Kinan Rifai, Funda Yilmaz, Prashant Bhangui, Colette Danet, Faouzi Saliba, Didier Samuel, Denis Castaing, René Adam, Cyrille Feray
AIM: To evaluate the relationship between the state of transplanted liver graft and the recipient quality of life (QOL) of histologically proven lesions in a 10-year post liver transplantation (LT) cohort of patients. METHODS: Seventy-two recipients with a functional first graft at 10 years post-LT underwent liver biopsy and completed a QOL questionnaire. Logistic regression analysis was used to explore associations between histological, clinical and QOL criteria...
December 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050964/risks-of-myrrh-usage-in-pregnancy
#12
Dania Al-Jaroudi, Ouhoud Kaddour, Nahla Al-Amin
Recurrent miscarriage places a huge psychological burden on a woman who is trying to conceive. Meanwhile, the use of traditional medicine still plays an important role within the Saudi Arabian culture, where many patients still seek alternative forms of therapy. However, this traditional way of treatment might expose patients to many hazards. We present a case of a 32-year-old pregnant woman with a history of infertility and recurrent miscarriages. She used large amounts of myrrh herbs for 2 months, since a traditional healer told her that her current pregnancy would progress safely by its use...
December 1, 2016: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043933/clinical-biochemical-and-histopathology-features-of-patients-with-glycogenic-hepatopathy
#13
Saurabh Mukewar, Ayush Sharma, Kandace Lackore, Felicity Enders, Michael Torbenson, Patrick S Kamath, Lewis R Roberts, Yogish C Kudva
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Glycogenic hepatopathy, a syndrome characterized by hepatomegaly and increased liver transaminases in patients with type-1 diabetes, has not been well characterized in adults. We describe the clinical, biochemical, and histo-pathology profile of a cohort of patients with glycogenic hepatopathy. We also examined differences between patients with type-1 diabetes with vs without glycogenic hepatopathy. METHODS: We performed a case-control study of patients with type-1 diabetes diagnosed with glycogenic hepatopathy and patients with type-1 diabetes without glycogenic hepatopathy (controls)...
December 30, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028357/can-probiotics-benefit-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#14
REVIEW
Fernando Navarro, Yuying Liu, Jon Marc Rhoads
Children with autism are commonly affected by gastrointestinal problems such as abdominal pain, constipation and diarrhea. In recent years, there has been a growing interest in the use of probiotics in this population, as it hypothetically may help to improve bowel habits and the behavioral and social functioning of these individuals. The gut microbiome plays an important role in the pathophysiology of organic as well as functional gastrointestinal disorders. Microbial modification with the use of antibiotics, probiotics, and fecal transplantation have been effective in the treatment of conditions such as recurrent Clostridium difficile infection, pouchitis, and irritable bowel syndrome...
December 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027792/-clinical-practice-guidelines-irritable-bowel-syndrome-with-constipation-and-functional-constipation-in-adults-concept-diagnosis-and-healthcare-continuity-part-1-of-2
#15
F Mearin, C Ciriza, M Mínguez, E Rey, J J Mascort, E Peña, P Cañones, J Júdez
In this Clinical practice guide, an analysis is made of the diagnosis and treatment of adult patients with constipation and abdominal discomfort, under the spectrum of irritable bowel syndrome and functional constipation. These have an important personal, health and social impact, affecting the quality of life of these patients. In irritable bowel syndrome with a predominance of constipation, this is the predominant change in bowel movements, with recurrent abdominal pain, bloating and frequent abdominal distension...
December 24, 2016: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025477/duodenal-loop-obstruction-as-an-unusual-cause-of-acute-pancreatitis-a-case-series
#16
Hyeonmin Lee, Yonghyeok Choi, Hyewon Jeong, Jae Kyu Lim, Taeyoung Jung, Joung Ho Han, Seon Mee Park
Duodenal loop obstruction is an unusual cause of acute pancreatitis. Increased intraluminal pressure hinders pancreatic flow, causing dilatation of the pancreatic duct and inducing acute pancreatitis. We experienced three cases of acute pancreatitis that resulted from duodenal loop obstruction after (1) an esophagectomy with gastric pull-up procedure for esophageal cancer, (2) a gastrectomy with Billroth I reconstruction for gastric cancer, and (3) a gastrojejunostomy for abdominal trauma. An abdominal CT scan revealed a distended duodenal loop, dilated pancreatic duct, and inflamed pancreas with fluid collection...
December 25, 2016: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018098/therapeutic-approaches-for-portal-biliopathy-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Irene Franceschet, Alberto Zanetto, Alberto Ferrarese, Patrizia Burra, Marco Senzolo
Portal biliopathy (PB) is defined as the presence of biliary abnormalities in patients with non-cirrhotic/non-neoplastic extrahepatic portal vein obstruction (EHPVO) and portal cavernoma (PC). The pathogenesis of PB is due to ab extrinseco compression of bile ducts by PC and/or to ischemic damage secondary to an altered biliary vascularization in EHPVO and PC. Although asymptomatic biliary abnormalities can be frequently seen by magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography in patients with PC (77%-100%), only a part of these (5%-38%) are symptomatic...
December 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018063/endoprosthetic-reconstruction-for-metastatic-phaeochromocytoma-in-the-distal-femur-a-case-report
#18
Kanchana Pala Srikanth, Chirukuri Srinivas, Lakshmipura Gangadharaiah Gowrishankarswamy, Chikkamuniyappa Chandrasekar
Metastatic spread of malignant phaeochromocytoma is known to involve multiple organs including the axial skeleton. Its presentation as a solitary lesion in the long bones of the extremities is extremely rare. We report a unique case of solitary metastatic phaeochromocytoma presenting in the distal femur, 16 years after excision of primary abdominal tumor. A 60 year old female, operated for adrenal phaeochromocytoma 16 years back was detected to have a bone tumor in her left distal femur. Chest and abdominal CT evaluation including bone scintigraphy confirmed the lesion to be solitary...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012909/outcomes-and-radiographic-findings-of-isolated-spontaneous-superior-mesenteric-artery-dissection
#19
Y Kimura, T Kato, K Nagao, T Izumi, T Haruna, K Ueyama, T Inada, M Inoko
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the features, treatments, and prognosis of patients with symptomatic and asymptomatic isolated SMA dissection. METHODS: Data from 35 consecutive patients in whom isolated SMA dissection was diagnosed on computed tomography angiography (CTA) between 2004 and 2015 at two general hospitals in Japan, were collected retrospectively. Nineteen symptomatic patients were compared, and 16 asymptomatic patients with incidentally revealed SMA dissection were also compared...
December 21, 2016: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012321/recurrent-spontaneous-pneumoperitoneum-a-surgical-dilemma
#20
Polly Estridge, Jacob A Akoh
INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous pneumoperitoneum describes free air within the peritoneal cavity in the absence of iatrogenic causes or a perforated viscus. This report describes a rare case in which despite raised inflammatory markers, a trial of conservative management proved adequate. CASE REPORT: AM is a 36-year old woman who presented multiple times with abdominal pain and radiologically proven pneumoperitoneum. Her medical history included self catheterisation and cerebrovascular stenosis (Moyamoya disease), asymptomatic gallstones, livedo reticularis and peptic ulceration...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
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