keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Season

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228409/short-term-effects-of-combined-high-intensity-strength-and-sprint-interval-training-on-anthropometric-characteristics-and-physical-performance-of-elite-team-handball-players
#1
Souhail Hermassi, Mohamed Souhail Chelly, Georg Fieseler, Thomas Bartels, Stephan Schulze, Karl-Stefan Delank, Roy J Shepard, René Schwesig
Muscular strength and speed are critical physical factors in determining the technical and tactical skills of elite team handball players. This study thus investigated the effect of high-intensity muscular strength and sprint interval training (SIT) on lower limb explosive performance and anthropometric characteristics in 22 male handball athletes aged 20.2 ± 0.1 years. A training group (TG, n = 12) and a control group (CG, n = 10) were followed over 8 weeks parallel to regular handball training...
December 2017: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228329/reliance-on-deep-soil-water-in-the-tree-species-argania-spinosa
#2
M Zunzunegui, S Boutaleb, M C Díaz Barradas, M P Esquivias, J Valera, J Jáuregui, T Tagma, F Ain-Lhout
In South-western Morocco, water scarcity and high temperature are the main factors determining species survival. Argania spinosa (L.) Skeels is a tree species, endemic to Morocco, which is suffering from ongoing habitat shrinkage. Argan trees play essential local ecological and economic roles: protecting soils from erosion, shading different types of crops, helping maintain soil fertility and, even more importantly, its seeds are used by the local population for oil production, with valuable nutritional, medicinal and cosmetic purposes...
December 7, 2017: Tree Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228207/effectiveness-of-live-attenuated-influenza-vaccine-in-preventing-amoxicillin-prescribing-in-preschool-children-a-self-controlled-case-series-study
#3
Pia Hardelid, Yonas Ghebremichael-Weldeselassie, Heather Whitaker, Greta Rait, Ruth Gilbert, Irene Petersen
Objectives: To determine the effectiveness of live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) in reducing amoxicillin prescribing in preschool children in primary care. Patients and methods: We used The Health Improvement Network (THIN), a large primary care database from the United Kingdom. We included children aged 2 to 4 years old at the start of either the 2013/14 or the 2014/15 winter season, with at least one amoxicillin prescription between September and May, irrespective of LAIV vaccination status...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228134/genotype-specific-measles-transmissibility-a-branching-process-analysis
#4
S F Ackley, J K Hacker, W T A Enanoria, L Worden, S Blumberg, T C Porco, J Zipprich
Background: Substantial heterogeneity in measles outbreak sizes may be due to genotype- specific transmissibility. Using a branching process analysis, we characterize differences in measles transmission by estimating the association between genotype and the reproduction num- ber R among post-elimination California measles cases from 2000-2015 (400 cases, 165 outbreaks). Methods: Assuming a negative binomial secondary case distribution, we fit a branching process model to the distribution of outbreak sizes using maximum likelihood and estimated the effective reproduction number R for a multi-genotype model...
November 6, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228062/market-access-and-community-size-influence-pastoral-management-of-native-and-exotic-livestock-species-a-case-study-in-communities-of-the-cordillera-real-in-bolivia-s-high-andean-wetlands
#5
Quentin Struelens, Karina Gonzales Pomar, Susi Loza Herrera, Gaby Nina Huanca, Olivier Dangles, François Rebaudo
Grazing areas management is of utmost importance in the Andean region. In the valleys of the Bolivian Cordillera Real near La Paz, pastoralism constitutes the traditional way for people to insure food security and economical sustainability. In these harsh mountains, unique and productive wetlands sustained by glacial water streams are of utmost importance for feeding cattle herds during the dry season. After the colonization by the Spanish, a shift in livestock species has been observed, with the introduction of exotic species such as cows and sheep, resulting in a different impact on pastures compared to native camelid species-llamas and alpacas...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228017/two-decades-of-climate-driving-the-dynamics-of-functional-and-taxonomic-diversity-of-a-tropical-small-mammal-community-in-western-mexico
#6
Edgard David Mason-Romo, Ariel A Farías, Gerardo Ceballos
Understanding the effects of global climate disruption on biodiversity is important to future conservation efforts. While taxonomic diversity is widely studied, functional diversity of plants, and recently animals, is receiving increasing attention. Most studies of mammals are short-term, focus on temperate habitats, and rely on traits described in the literature rather than generating traits from observations. Unlike previous studies, this long-term field study assessed the factors driving the functional and taxonomic diversity of small-mammal assemblages in dry tropical forests using both traits recorded from literature and a demographic database...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227938/the-cumulative-effect-of-air-pollutants-on-the-acute-exacerbation-of-copd-in-shanghai-china
#7
Xian Wen Sun, Pei Li Chen, Lei Ren, Ying Ni Lin, Jian Ping Zhou, Lei Ni, Qing Yun Li
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies have shown the effect of air pollutants on acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD). However, little is known regarding the dose-response relationship. This study aimed to investigate the cumulative effect of air pollutants on AECOPD. METHODS: We collected 101 patients with AECOPD from November 2010 through August 2011 in Shanghai. Multiple logistic regression was used to estimate associations between air pollutants and AECOPD...
December 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227912/annual-variations-in-sexual-hormones-and-births-frequency-in-female-stump-tailed-macaques-macaca-arctoides
#8
R Mondragón-Ceballos, M D García-Granados, G Matamoros-Trejo, L E Hernández-López
Although the breeding seasonality in Macaca arctoides have been studied over a long period of time, it is still controversial whether reproduction in this primate tend to increase during certain months of the year as it happens in most of the macaque species. Many authors have classified Macaca arctoides as not being seasonal species. Nonetheless, there were no reports, about seasonal variations of female sexual hormones to demonstrate that asseveration. Therefore, in the present study we collect 1611 fecal samples from June 2009 to November 2010 from 10 female stump-tailed macaques to measure 17β-estradiol and progesterone concentrations...
November 20, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227900/exposures-to-fine-particulate-matter-pm2-5-and-birthweight-in-a-rural-urban-mother-child-cohort-in-tamil-nadu-india
#9
Kalpana Balakrishnan, Santu Ghosh, Gurusamy Thangavel, Sankar Sambandam, Krishnendu Mukhopadhyay, Naveen Puttaswamy, Arulselvan Sadasivam, Padmavathi Ramaswamy, Priscilla Johnson, Rajarajeswari Kuppuswamy, Durairaj Natesan, Uma Maheshwari, Amudha Natarajan, Gayathri Rajendran, Rengaraj Ramasami, Sathish Madhav, Saraswathy Manivannan, Srinivasan Nargunanadan, Srinivasan Natarajan, Sudhakar Saidam, Moumita Chakraborty, Lingeswari Balakrishnan, Vijayalakshmi Thanasekaraan
BACKGROUND: Exposure to PM2.5 (fine particulate matter <less than 2.5µm in aerodynamic diameter) related to ambient and household air pollution has been associated with low birthweight. Few of these studies, however, have been conducted in high exposure settings that are commonly encountered in low and middle income countries (LMICs). OBJECTIVES: We examined whether PM2.5 exposures during pregnancy were associated with birthweight in an integrated rural-urban, mother-child cohort in the state of Tamil Nadu, India...
December 8, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227860/respiratory-syncytial-virus-in-brazilian-infants-ten-years-two-cohorts
#10
Elinara Wollmeister, Alfonso Eduardo Alvarez, Juliana Cristina Santiago Bastos, Fernando Augusto Lima Marson, José Dirceu Ribeiro, Emílio Carlos Elias Baracat, Clarice Weis Arns, Adriana Gut Lopes Riccetto
BACKGROUND: Each year, a considerable amount of children will experience at least one episode of acute viral bronchiolitis (AVB) during their first year of life. About 10% of them will be hospitalized, with significant physical and economic burdens. OBJECTIVES: To compare two cohorts of infants with AVB, from same region, in a ten-year interval, regarding epidemiologic factors and viral etiology. STUDY DESIGN: Cohorts: 142 (2004) and 172 (2014) infants at ages zero to 12 months; clinical diagnosis of AVB; medical care in hospital and genetic screening of nasopharyngeal secretion for respiratory viruses...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227734/influenza-immunization-policies-which-could-be-the-main-reasons-for-differences-among-countries
#11
Nicola Principi, Barbara Camilloni, Susanna Esposito
Despite the availability of effective prophylactic and therapeutic measures, influenza remains one of the most important infectious disease threats to the human population. Every year, seasonal influenza epidemics infect up to 30% of the population; a relevant portion of the ill are hospitalized, and more than a marginal number die. In an attempt to reduce the medical, social and economic burden of influenza, vaccines are recommended by many health authorities worldwide. However, not all countries have a national program for influenza immunization...
December 11, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227731/injuries-in-japanese-junior-soccer-players-during-games-and-practices
#12
Kenji Kuzuhara, Masashi Shibata, Ryo Uchida
CONTEXT:   Soccer is the most popular junior sport in the world. In junior sports, injury analysis and injury-prevention measures for players, especially those under 12 years of age, are urgently needed. OBJECTIVE:   To prospectively study the incidence, sites, types, and mechanisms of injuries in elementary school-aged junior soccer players during games and practices. DESIGN:   Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING:   Elementary school-aged junior soccer teams in Nagoya, Japan...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227465/acute-pharyngitis-associated-with-streptococcus-dysgalactiae-subspecies-equisimilis-in-children
#13
Fujio Kakuya, Takahiro Kinebuchi, Hitoshi Okubo, Kumihiro Matsuo, Mami Kuroda, Hiroaki Fujiyasu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The importance of Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis (SDSE) in causing sporadic pharyngitis in children remains controversial. The aims of this study were; (1) to report the incidence and, (2) to compare the epidemiologic and clinical features of patients with SDSE to those with Streptococcus pyogenes (SP). METHODS: A prospective study was conducted on acute pharyngitis associated with SDSE in children over a 2-year period. SDSE was identified using a phenotypic method, M protein gene (emm) analysis, and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry...
December 8, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227131/a-serosurvey-of-bluetongue-and-epizootic-haemorrhagic-disease-in-a-convenience-sample-of-sheep-and-cattle-herds-in-zimbabwe
#14
Stuart J G Gordon, Charlotte Bolwell, Chris W Rogers, Godfrey Musuka, Patrick Kelly, Alan Guthrie, Philip S Mellor, Chris Hamblin
A convenience sample of sheep and cattle herds around the cities of Harare, Kwekwe and Bulawayo, located in the Highveld region of Zimbabwe, was used to estimate the seroprevalence and sero-incidence of bluetongue virus (BTV) and epizootic haemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV) antibodies. A competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to identify serum antibodies against BTV and EHDV across three rainy seasons. The median sero-prevalence of BTV and EHDV antibodies in cattle was 62% (interquartile range [IQR]: 30-89) and 56% (IQR: 5-77), respectively...
November 14, 2017: Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226974/acute-bronchiolitis-influence-of-viral-co-infection-in-infants-hospitalized-over-12-consecutive-epidemic-seasons
#15
Laura Petrarca, Raffaella Nenna, Antonella Frassanito, Alessandra Pierangeli, Salvatore Leonardi, Carolina Scagnolari, Guido Antonelli, Paola Papoff, Corrado Moretti, Fabio Midulla
Bronchiolitis is the first lower respiratory tract viral infection manifesting in infants younger than 12 months of age. Our aim was to evaluate clinical and serological differences in infants with bronchiolitis from a single or from multiple viruses. Our secondary aim was to investigate differences in recurrent wheezing episodes after 12-24-36 months of follow-up. We reviewed the clinical records for 486 full-term infants hospitalized for bronchiolitis with at least one virus detected in the nasopharyngeal aspirate...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226972/physiological-acclimation-dampens-initial-effects-of-elevated-temperature-and-atmospheric-co2-concentration-in-mature-boreal-norway-spruce
#16
Shubhangi Lamba, Marianne Hall, Mats Räntfors, Nitin Chaudhary, Sune Linder, Danielle Way, Johan Uddling, Göran Wallin
Physiological processes of terrestrial plants regulate the land-atmosphere exchange of carbon, water, and energy, yet few studies have explored the acclimation responses of mature boreal conifer trees to climate change. Here we explored the acclimation responses of photosynthesis, respiration, and stomatal conductance to elevated temperature and/or CO2 concentration ([CO2 ]) in a 3-year field experiment with mature boreal Norway spruce. We found that elevated [CO2 ] decreased photosynthetic carboxylation capacity (-23% at 25 °C) and increased shoot respiration (+64% at 15 °C), while warming had no significant effects...
December 11, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226382/substantial-injuries-influence-ranking-position-in-young-elite-athletes-of-athletics-cross-country-skiing-orienteering
#17
Philip von Rosen, Annette Heijne
The relationship between injury and performance in young athletes is scarcely studied. The aim of this study was therefore to explore the association between injury prevalence and ranking position among adolescent elite athletes. 162 male and female adolescent elite athletes (age range 15-19), competing in athletics (n=59), cross-country skiing (n=66) and orienteering (n=37), were monitored weekly over 22-47 weeks using a web-based injury questionnaire. Ranking lists were collected. A significant (p=.003) difference was found in the seasonal substantial injury prevalence across the ranked athletes over the season, where the top-ranked (median 3...
December 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226165/game-schedules-and-rate-of-concussions-in-the-national-football-league
#18
Masaru Teramoto, Daniel M Cushman, Chad L Cross, Heather M Curtiss, Stuart E Willick
Background: Concussion prevention in the National Football League (NFL) is an important priority for player safety. The NFL now has modified game schedules, and one concern is that unconventional game schedules, such as a shortened rest period due to playing on a Thursday rather than during the weekend, may lead to an increased risk of injuries. Hypothesis: Unconventional game schedules in the NFL are associated with an increased rate of concussion. Study Design: Descriptive epidemiological study...
November 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225921/geo-epidemiology-of-temporal-artery-biopsy-positive-giant-cell-arteritis-in-australia-and-new-zealand-is-there-a-seasonal-influence
#19
Elisabeth De Smit, Linda Clarke, Paul G Sanfilippo, Tony R Merriman, Matthew A Brown, Catherine L Hill, Alex W Hewitt
Objective: Previous studies, although inconclusive, have suggested possible associations of environmental risk factors with the development of giant cell arteritis (GCA). We aim to investigate seasonal influence on the incidence of GCA across Australia and New Zealand. Methods: In establishing an international study to investigate the molecular aetiology of GCA, archived temporal artery biopsy (TAB) specimens primarily from Australia and New Zealand were obtained...
2017: RMD Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225797/seasonal-clustering-of-sinopulmonary-mucormycosis-in-patients-with-hematologic-malignancies-at-a-large-comprehensive-cancer-center
#20
Shobini Sivagnanam, Dhruba J Sengupta, Daniel Hoogestraat, Rupali Jain, Zach Stednick, David N Fredricks, Paul Hendrie, Estella Whimbey, Sara T Podczervinski, Elizabeth M Krantz, Jeffrey S Duchin, Steven A Pergam
Background: Invasive Mucorales infections (IMI) lead to significant morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised hosts. The role of season and climatic conditions in case clustering of IMI remain poorly understood. Methods: Following detection of a cluster of sinopulmonary IMIs in patients with hematologic malignancies, we reviewed center-based medical records of all patients with IMIs and other invasive fungal infections (IFIs) between January of 2012 and August of 2015 to assess for case clustering in relation to seasonality...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
keyword
keyword
9290
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"