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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458196/within-subject-associations-between-inflammation-and-features-of-depression-using-the-flu-vaccine-as-a-mild-inflammatory-stimulus
#1
Kate R Kuhlman, Theodore F Robles, Larissa N Dooley, Chloe C Boyle, Marcie D Haydon, Julienne E Bower
BACKGROUND: Inflammation plays a role in mood and behavior that may be relevant to identifying risk factors and treatment for depression and other stress-related illnesses. The purpose of this study was to examine whether fluctuations in inflammation following a mild immune stimulus were associated with changes in daily reported features of depression for up to a week in a healthy sample of young adults. METHODS: Forty one undergraduate students completed daily diaries of mood, feelings of social disconnection, sleep, and physical symptoms for one week before and after receiving the seasonal influenza vaccine...
February 16, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457298/forest-structure-provides-the-income-for-reproductive-success-in-a-southern-population-of-canada-lynx
#2
Megan K Kosterman, John R Squires, Joseph D Holbrook, Daniel H Pletscher, Mark Hebblewhite
Understanding intrinsic and extrinsic drivers of reproductive success is central to advancing animal ecology and characterizing critical habitat. Unfortunately, much of the work examining drivers of reproductive success is biased toward particular groups of organisms (e.g., colonial birds, large herbivores, capital breeders). Long-lived mammalian carnivores that are of conservation concern, solitary, and territorial present an excellent situation to examine intrinsic and extrinsic drivers of reproductive success, yet they have received little attention...
February 19, 2018: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456992/national-immunization-campaigns-with-oral-polio-vaccine-reduce-all-cause-mortality-a-natural-experiment-within-seven-randomized-trials
#3
Andreas Andersen, Ane Baerent Fisker, Amabelia Rodrigues, Cesario Martins, Henrik Ravn, Najaaraq Lund, Sofie Biering-Sørensen, Christine Stabell Benn, Peter Aaby
Background: A recent WHO review concluded that live BCG and measles vaccine (MV) may have beneficial non-specific effects (NSEs) reducing mortality from non-targeted diseases. NSEs of oral polio vaccine (OPV) were not examined. If OPV vaccination campaigns reduce the mortality rate, it would suggest beneficial NSEs. Setting: Between 2002 and 2014, Guinea-Bissau had 15 general OPV campaigns and other campaigns with OPV plus vitamin A supplementation (VAS), VAS-only, MV, and H1N1 vaccine...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456977/epidemiologic-and-demographic-features-therapeutic-intervention-and-prognosis-of-the-patients-with-cerebral-aneurysm
#4
Masih Sabouri, Amir Mahabadi, Homayoun Tabesh, Majeed Rezvani, Masih Kouchekzadeh, Ali Namazi
Background: Cerebral aneurysms are a kind of cardiovascular diseases which are accompanied with high morbidity and mortality due to rupturing and causing subarachnoid hemorrhages. The current study aimed to determine epidemiologic and demographic features and prognosis of patients with cerebral aneurysms. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 465 patients with cerebral aneurysms hospitalized in Al-Zahra Hospital were studied. The required information including demographic, epidemiologic, and clinical features of the disease were extracted from their records...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456615/how-has-the-presidential-election-affected-young-americans
#5
EDITORIAL
Melissa DeJonckheere, Andre Fisher, Tammy Chang
The 2016 presidential election season and subsequent political events have had physical and emotional impacts on youth. We collected qualitative insights from 14 to 24 year olds across the US related to these events over time. Open-ended probes were sent via text message at three time points before and after the 2016 presidential election. The majority of youth reported emotional stress during all three time points, and female participants were significantly more likely to experience emotional responses. White participants were more likely to report negative symptoms than their peers both pre-election and at 4-months post-election...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456587/dietary-diversity-and-associated-factors-among-children-of-orthodox-christian-mothers-caregivers-during-the-fasting-season-in-dejen-district-north-west-ethiopia
#6
Gemechu Kumera, Endalkachew Tsedal, Mulatu Ayana
Background: Proper feeding practices during early childhood is fundamental for optimal child growth and development. However, scientific evidences on the determinants of dietary diversity are scanty. Particularly, the impact of fasting on children`s dietary diversity is not explored in Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to assess dietary diversity and associated factors among children aged 6-23 months, whose mothers/care-givers were Orthodox Christians during the fasting season (Lent), in Dejen District, North West Ethiopia, 2016...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456526/ammonia-oxidizing-archaea-and-bacteria-differentially-contribute-to-ammonia-oxidation-in-sediments-from-adjacent-waters-of-rushan-bay-china
#7
Hui He, Yu Zhen, Tiezhu Mi, Lulu Fu, Zhigang Yu
Ammonia oxidation plays a significant role in the nitrogen cycle in marine sediments. Ammonia-oxidizing archaea (AOA) and bacteria (AOB) are the key contributors to ammonia oxidation, and their relative contribution to this process is one of the most important issues related to the nitrogen cycle in the ocean. In this study, the differential contributions of AOA and AOB to ammonia oxidation in surface sediments from adjacent waters of Rushan Bay were studied based on the ammonia monooxygenase ( amoA ) gene...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456290/a-new-precipitation-and-drought-climatology-based-on-weather-patterns
#8
Douglas Richardson, Hayley J Fowler, Christopher G Kilsby, Robert Neal
Weather-pattern, or weather-type, classifications are a valuable tool in many applications as they characterize the broad-scale atmospheric circulation over a given region. This study analyses the aspects of regional UK precipitation and meteorological drought climatology with respect to a new set of objectively defined weather patterns. These new patterns are currently being used by the Met Office in several probabilistic forecasting applications driven by ensemble forecasting systems. Weather pattern definitions and daily occurrences are mapped to Lamb weather types (LWTs), and parallels between the two classifications are drawn...
February 2018: International Journal of Climatology: a Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456267/inorganic-carbon-and-oxygen-dynamics-in-a-marsh-dominated-estuary
#9
Shiyu Rachel Wang, Daniela Di Iorio, Wei-Jun Cai, Charles S Hopkinson
We conducted a free-water mass balance-based study to address the rate of metabolism and net carbon exchange for the tidal wetland and estuarine portion of the coastal ocean and the uncertainties associated with this approach were assessed. We measured open water diurnal O2 and dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) dynamics seasonally in a salt marsh-estuary in Georgia, U.S.A. with a focus on the marsh-estuary linkage associated with tidal flooding. We observed that the overall estuarine system was a net source of CO2 to the atmosphere and coastal ocean and a net sink for oceanic and atmospheric O2 ...
January 2018: Limnology and Oceanography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456117/extraordinary-daytime-only-urinary-frequency-in-childhood-prevalence-diagnosis-and-management
#10
Pierluigi Marzuillo, Mario Diplomatico, Rosaria Marotta, Laura Perrone, Emanuele Miraglia Del Giudice, Cesare Polito, Angela La Manna, Stefano Guarino
INTRODUCTION: Since standardization of the ICCS terminology, only two small case series of children with extraordinary daytime only urinary frequency (EDOUF) have been published. The aims of the present study were i) to describe a large cohort of children affected by EDOUF, to evaluate its rate among the main micturition pediatric disturbances, and to determine if there is different EDOUF onset among seasons; ii) to investigate possible associations with urodynamic abnormalities by non-invasive techniques; iii) to evaluate whether postponing micturition exercise (PME) can objectively verify the anamnestic data hinting at the EDOUF diagnosis; and iv) to determine the effect of postponing micturition at home...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455919/satellite-based-high-resolution-pm-2-5-estimation-over-the-beijing-tianjin-hebei-region-of-china-using-an-improved-geographically-and-temporally-weighted-regression-model
#11
Qingqing He, Bo Huang
Ground fine particulate matter (PM2.5) concentrations at high spatial resolution are substantially required for determining the population exposure to PM2.5 over densely populated urban areas. However, most studies for China have generated PM2.5 estimations at a coarse resolution (≥10 km) due to the limitation of satellite aerosol optical depth (AOD) product in spatial resolution. In this study, the 3 km AOD data fused using the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Collection 6 AOD products were employed to estimate the ground PM2...
February 15, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455910/a-public-health-needs-assessment-for-domestic-indoor-overheating
#12
N Bundle, E O'Connell, N O'Connor, A Bone
OBJECTIVES: Indoor overheating is a potentially fatal health hazard that was identified as an issue requiring urgent action in the 2017 UK Climate Change Risk Assessment. We aimed to make research on this issue more accessible to local public health teams to encourage its inclusion in local strategic needs assessments. STUDY DESIGN: Epidemiological health needs assessment. METHODS: We adapted established health needs assessment methods, focussing on the epidemiological component, drawing evidence from a non-systematic literature review that was complemented by discussion with experts...
February 15, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455757/federal-nutrition-program-revisions-impact-low-income-households-food-purchases
#13
Shu Wen Ng, Bridget A Hollingsworth, Emily A Busey, Julie L Wandell, Donna R Miles, Jennifer M Poti
INTRODUCTION: The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) required major revisions to food packages in 2009; effects on nationwide low-income household purchases remain unexamined. METHODS: This study examines associations between WIC revisions and nutritional profiles of packaged food purchases from 2008 to 2014 among 4,537 low-income households with preschoolers in the U.S. (WIC participating versus nonparticipating) utilizing Nielsen Homescan Consumer Panel data...
March 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455456/seasonal-acclimatization-of-thallus-proline-contents-of-mastocarpus-stellatus-and-chondrus-crispus-intertidal-rhodophytes-that-differ-in-freezing-tolerance
#14
Jonathan P Harris, Barry A Logan
Mastocarpus stellatus and Chondrus crispus often co-occur in the lower intertidal of Northern Atlantic rocky shorelines. At our field site along the Maine coast (USA), Mastocarpus stellatus thalli possessed greater contents of proline when compared with thalli of Chondrus crispus. In addition, M. stellatus thalli acclimated to colder growth conditions in winter/early spring by increasing proline content several fold; no seasonal acclimation in proline content was observed in C. crispus. Proline accumulates in the tissues of a broad diversity of freezing-tolerant organisms and is among the most common cryoprotectant molecules...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Phycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455403/aseptic-central-nervous-system-infections-in-adults-what-predictor-for-unknown-etiological-diagnosis
#15
Jacopo Monticelli, Nicholas Geremia, Pierlanfranco D'Agaro, Vincenzo Petix, Roberto Luzzati
Despite the availability of nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs), most of aseptic acute meningitides, encephalitides, and meningoencephalitides (AAMEMs) in adults remain of unknown etiology so far. To shed light on such topic, we aimed to evaluate potential predictors for AAMEMs of unknown origin. We collected retrospectively data from all consecutive cases of AAMEMs in adults discharged from an Italian referral hospital, from January 2004 to December 2016. Laboratory analysis included common immunometric methods and NAATs...
February 17, 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455393/mangiferin-inhibits-cell-migration-and-invasion-through-rac1-wave2-signalling-in-breast-cancer
#16
Qing Deng, Yan-Xiao Tian, JianJun Liang
Breast tumour progression results from the advancement of the disease to a metastatic phenotype. Rac1 and Cdc42 belong to the Rho family of genes that, together with their downstream effectors, Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome protein-family verprolin-homologous protein 2 (WAVE2) and Arp2/3, assume a vital part in cytoskeletal rearrangement and the arrangement of film projections that advance malignant cell relocation and invasion. Mangiferin is a characteristic polyphenolic compound from Mangifera indica L. (Anacardiaceae), ordinarily referred to as mango, that is consumed worldwide as a natural product, including culinary and seasoning applications...
February 17, 2018: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455262/spatio-temporal-variability-of-physico-chemical-variables-chlorophyll-a-and-primary-productivity-in-the-northern-arabian-sea-along-india-coast
#17
Vinaya Kumar Vase, Gyanaranjan Dash, K R Sreenath, Ganesh Temkar, R Shailendra, K Mohammed Koya, D Divu, Swatipriyankasen Dash, Rajesh K Pradhan, Kapil S Sukhdhane, J Jayasankar
The present study attempts to understand the seasonal and spatial variations in the physico-chemical (temperature, pH, salinity, dissolved oxygen, and nutrients) and productivity characteristics of the northern Arabian Sea off the Indian coast. Samples were collected from four different sites off the Veraval coast. The values of the physical and chemical variables were higher during the summer season, whereas nutrient concentrations were high during the winter season due to the maturity of intake nutrients during post-monsoon and winter convective mixing during the northeast monsoon...
February 17, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455256/terrestrial-aquatic-trophic-linkages-support-fish-production-in-a-tropical-oligotrophic-river
#18
Sandra Bibiana Correa, Kirk Winemiller
Despite low in situ primary productivity, tropical oligotrophic rivers support highly diverse fish assemblages and productive fisheries. This raises the question, what energy sources support fish production in these ecosystems? We sampled fish and food resources in the floodplain of a nearly pristine, large, oligotrophic river in western Amazonia. We combined data from stomach contents and stable isotopes to test the hypothesis that floodplain forests sustain fisheries in tropical oligotrophic rivers. Analysis of stomach contents from > 800 specimens of 12 omnivorous fish species demonstrated that during the annual flood, forest plant matter dominated diets...
February 17, 2018: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454989/one-year-study-of-pm-2-5-in-xinxiang-city-north-china-seasonal-characteristics-climate-impact-and-source
#19
Jinglan Feng, Hao Yu, Kai Mi, Xianfa Su, Yi Li, Qilu Li, Jianhui Sun
This study was conducted in order to explore the seasonal characteristics, climate impact and source of PM2.5 in Xinxiang, China. Daily PM2.5 samples were collected at urban site from January to December in 2015. Average PM2.5 concentration was 100.6 ± 65.8 μg m-3 in Xinxiang, which was several times higher than China Ambient Air Quality Standards (GB3095-2012). Secondary inorganic aerosols (SIA) constituted 70% of the total ionic concentrations. The average concentration of SO4 2- was 6.4 ± 12.0 μg m-3 , which ranked the highest among the water-soluble ions analyzed...
February 15, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454923/seasonal-differences-in-the-content-of-phenols-and-pigments-in-thalli-of-freshwater-cladophora-glomerata-and-its-habitat
#20
Joanna Fabrowska, Beata Messyasz, Radosław Pankiewicz, Patrycja Wilińska, Bogusława Łęska
Polyphenols are chemicals that primarily inhibit the growth of various autotrophic organisms. The presence of these metabolites greatly boosts the ecological dominance of eg. Cladophora, which creates large surface mats. The main goal of our work was to quantify the phenol and polyphenols (allelopathic substances) secreted by the macroalgae as a result of exposure to biotic stress caused by competition. The research was carried out on the Cladophora glomerata biomass collected from two freshwater ecosystems located in Wielkopolska Region (Poland, Fig...
February 10, 2018: Water Research
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