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Transitional bladder cancer

Min Hyun Cho, Sung Han Kim, Weon Seo Park, Jae Young Joung, Ho Kyung Seo, Jinsoo Chung, Kang Hyun Lee
BACKGROUND: Sarcomatoid urothelial carcinoma (SUC) is a rare malignant neoplasm of the urinary bladder comprising 0.2-0.6 % of all histological bladder tumor subtypes. It presents as a high-stage malignancy and exhibits aggressive biological behavior, regardless of the treatment employed. It is defined as histologically indistinguishable from sarcoma and as a high-grade biphasic neoplasm with malignant epithelial and mesenchymal components. The mean age of patients presenting with SUC is 66 years, and the male-to-female ratio is 3:1...
October 20, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Petar Duvnjak, Mario Laguna
The use of live attenuated intravesicular Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) therapy is a generally accepted safe and effective method for the treatment of superficial transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the bladder. Although rare, < 5% of patient's treated with intravesicular BCG therapy may develop potentially serious complications, including localized infections to the genitourinary tract, mycotic aneurysms and osteomyelitis. We present here a case of a 63-year-old male who developed left coronary and multiple peripheral M...
August 2016: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
Tuba Avcilar, Deniz Kirac, Deniz Ergec, Gulsah Koc, Korkut Ulucan, Zehra Kaya, Elif Cigdem Kaspar, Levent Turkeri, Ahmet Ilter Guney
Bladder carcinoma is the most common malignancy of the urinary tract. The major aim of the present study is to investigate the association between mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and p53 gene mutations in bladder carcinoma. A total of 30 patients with transitional cell carcinoma and 27 controls were recruited for the study. Bladder cancer tissues were obtained by radical cystectomy or transurethral resection. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood. mtDNA and p53 genes were amplified by polymerase chain reaction and sequenced directly...
October 2016: Oncology Letters
Dorota Gil, Dorota Ciołczyk-Wierzbicka, Joanna Dulińska-Litewka, Piotr Laidler
Cadherin switch is specific of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and is closely related to tumor cell invasion. However, the molecular mechanism that promotes the phenotypic changes remains unclear and elusive. We found that integrin-linked kinase (ILK) is a key factor involved in cadherin switch. The expression and activity of ILK are elevated in a variety of cancers but its mechanisms are not exactly understood. In this report, we studied the role and mechanism of ILK in EMT of human bladder cancer...
September 28, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Rui Cao, Zhe Meng, Tongzu Liu, Gang Wang, Guofeng Qian, Tingting Cao, Xinyuan Guan, Hancai Dan, Yu Xiao, Xinghuan Wang
Transient receptor potential melastatin 7 (TRPM7) functions as a Mg2+/Ca2+-permeable channel fused with a kinase domain and regulates various physical processes and diseases. However, its effects on pathogenesis of human bladder cancer (BCa) has not been clarified yet. Our microarray analysis has suggested that calcium signaling pathway is connected with bladder cancer via MAPK pathway. Therefore, we aim to investigate the mechanism of TRPM7 in BCa tumorigenesis by using BCa tissues compared with normal bladder epithelium tissues, as well as using distinct BCa cell lines (EJ, 5637 and T24)...
September 20, 2016: Oncotarget
Da-Jin Chen, Wei Chen, Hong Jiang, Hao Yang, Yu-Cheng Wang, Jiang-Hua Chen
During the past several decades, resistance to single or multiple anticancer agents has posed a great challenge in cancer therapy. Dedicator of cytokinesis 1 (DOCK1), the first identified member in DOCK family, plays diverse roles in cellular processes, including tumorigenesis. In this study, we explored the biological role of DOCK1 in the chemotherapeutic resistance in bladder cancer and its underlying mechanism. Our results showed that the bladder cancer cell lines UM-UC-3 and J82 with higher DOCK1 are more resistant to cisplatin, whereas B87 cells with the lowest expression of DOCK1 exhibited the highest sensitivity to cisplatin...
2016: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
Xing Hua, Yu Xiao, Wenhai Pan, Meiyun Li, Xiaoxiao Huang, Zexiao Liao, Qi Xian, Lina Yu
Prostate cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer deaths among men, many miRNAs have been demonstrated to play critical role in the progression of prostate cancer, miR-186 suppresses the progression of many tumors, such as bladder cancer and glioma. Previous study shows miR-186 is downregulated in prostate cancer tissues, and is a good prognosis for prostate cancer patients. In this study, we found miR-186 was downregulated in prostate cancer cells and tissues, overexpression of miR-186 inhibited cell proliferation and tumorigenesis in vitro determined by MTT assay, colony formation assay and soft agar growth assay, whereas knockdown of miR-186 reduced these effects...
2016: American Journal of Cancer Research
Bin B Dong, Jia S Yan, Yang Y Yan, Tian C Xie, Liang Xu, Guang H Hu, Yun F Xu, Min Liu
BACKGROUND: Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) has been reported to inhibit angiogenesis in bladder cancer, but whether it modulates epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) remains unknown. METHODS: We have included 68 samples of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer in this study. Immunohistochemistry was performed in all sample sections for expressions of PEDF, SNAI2, Vimentin and E-cadherin, which were quantified and The EMT index (EMTi) was calculated by Vimentin/E-cadherin...
September 20, 2016: Panminerva Medica
Minal Garg
Urothelial carcinoma (UC) of the bladder is characterized by high recurrence rate where a subset of these cells undergoes transition to deadly muscle invasive disease and later metastasizes. Urothelial cancer stem cells (UroCSCs), a tumor subpopulation derived from transformation of urothelial stem cells, are responsible for heterogeneous tumor formation and resistance to systemic treatment in UC of the bladder. Although the precise reason for pathophysiologic spread of tumor is not clear, transcriptome analysis of microdissected cancer cells expressing multiple progenitor/stem cell markers validates the upregulation of genes that derive epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition...
August 26, 2016: World Journal of Stem Cells
Fuqiang Shao, Yuting Zou, Liang Cai, Xiaolong Wang, Yue Chen
A 72-year-old man underwent F-NaF PET/CT to evaluate causes of lower back pain. The PET images revealed multiple foci of increased activity in several vertebral bodies, which might account for the patient's symptoms. In addition, the CT image revealed partially calcified soft tissue mass in the posterior wall of the urinary bladder, which was photopenic relative to the radioactive urine on early PET images but became intense on delayed PET images. The diagnosis of transitional cell carcinoma was made pathologically after a transurethral resection of the mass...
November 2016: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Luca Falzone, Saverio Candido, Rossella Salemi, Maria S Basile, Aurora Scalisi, James A McCubrey, Francesco Torino, Salvatore S Signorelli, Maurizio Montella, Massimo Libra
Bladder cancer is one of the leading cancer of the urinary tract. It is often diagnosed at advanced stage of the disease. To date, no specific and effective early detection biomarkers are available. Cancer development and progression are associated with the involvement of both epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and tumor microenvironment of which NGAL/MMP-9 complex represents the main player in bladder cancer. It is known that change in microRNAs (miRNAs) expression may result in gene modulation. Therefore, the identification of specific miRNAs associated with EMT pathway and NGAL/MMP-9 complex may be useful to detect the development of bladder cancer at early stages...
September 1, 2016: Oncotarget
Fouad Aoun, Hampig Raphael Kourie, Elie El Rassy, Roland van Velthoven
The involvement of the female genital tract in transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) has not been fully elucidated in women, although involvement is usually associated with a poor prognosis. The vagina, in particular, is considered to be the most commonly affected gynecological organ, with an incidence of 4% of total TCC cases. The pathogenesis of vaginal TCC is challenging to determine, although it is essential for the adequate management of the tumor and to determine the appropriate treatment. The present study reports a case of bladder TCC and metachronous vaginal TCC...
September 2016: Oncology Letters
Rinni Singh, Jamal A Ansari, Niharika Maurya, Anil Mandhani, Vinita Agrawal, Minal Garg
INTRODUCTION: Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a dynamic process in the pathogenesis of urinary bladder cancer. Despite significant advancements in its diagnosis and treatment, the outcomes have more or less remained the same. In the present study, the expression of EMT markers was investigated to evaluate its prognostic significance in patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) and muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was undertaken to examine the expression of EMT markers, including E-cadherin, N-cadherin, vimentin, Snail, Twist, Zeb, and Slug, on 28 bladder tumor tissues (15 cases of NMIBC and 13 of MIBC) using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction...
August 9, 2016: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
Keita Kobayashi, Hiroaki Matsumoto, Hideyasu Matsuyama, Nakanori Fujii, Ryo Inoue, Yoshiaki Yamamoto, Kazuhiro Nagao
CD44, a major surface receptor for hyaluronic acid, has multiple isoforms and represents a major cancer stem cell marker for various epithelial tumors. CD44 variant 9 (CD44v9) was correlated with recurrence and metastasis in gastric and colon cancer. We examined its role in invasion and as a biomarker for the basal muscle invasive molecular subtype showing worse prognosis, and for tumor progression in high risk (pT1/high grade) non‑muscle invasive bladder cancers (NMIBCs). CD44v9, cytokeratin 5/6 (CK5/6), and cytokeratin 20 (CK20) expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in 98 pathologically confirmed specimens (36 muscle and 62 high‑risk non‑muscle) and correlated to clinical outcome...
September 1, 2016: Oncology Reports
Z Y Wang, W Zhang, J J Yang, D K Song, J X Wei, S Gao
The clinical significance of thymosin β4 (Tβ4) expression in bladder transitional cell carcinoma (BTCC) remains unclear. The present study assessed the relationship between the expression of Tβ4 protein and the clinicopathological features, as well as the prognosis of bladder cancer patients. Tβ4 protein expression in 24 normal bladder and 138 primary BTCC tissue specimens was detected by immunohistochemistry, and the association of this expression with BTCC clinicopathological features and recurrence as well as patient survival was analyzed...
September 6, 2016: Neoplasma
Wen-Bo Wu, Wei Wang, Yi-Heng Du, Hao Li, Shu-Jie Xia, Hai-Tao Liu
Transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) is the most common type of bladder cancer but its carcinogenesis remains not completely elucidated. Dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) is well known to be involved in the development of various cancers, including TCC, whereas a role of miR-3713 in the pathogenesis of TCC has not been appreciated. Here, we reported that significantly higher levels of matrix metallopeptidase 9 (MMP9), and significantly lower levels of miR-3713 were detected in TCC tissue, compared to the adjacent non-tumor tissue, and were inversely correlated...
2016: Scientific Reports
Xiang Zhuang, Mengxin Lv, Zhenyu Zhong, Luyu Zhang, Rong Jiang, Junxia Chen
BACKGROUND: Integrin-linked kinase (ILK) is a multifunctional adaptor protein which is involved with protein signalling within cells to modulate malignant (cancer) cell movement, cell cycle, metastasis and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Our previous experiment demonstrated that ILK siRNA inhibited the growth and induced apoptosis of bladder cancer cells as well as increased the expression of Ribonuclease inhibitor (RI), an important cytoplasmic protein with many functions. We also reported that RI overexpression inhibited ILK and phosphorylation of AKT and GSK3β...
2016: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
Marianna A Gerardi, Barbara A Jereczek-Fossa, Dario Zerini, Alessia Surgo, Samantha Dicuonzo, Ruggero Spoto, Cristiana Fodor, Elena Verri, Maria Cossu Rocca, Franco Nolè, Matteo Muto, Matteo Ferro, Gennaro Musi, Danilo Bottero, Deliu V Matei, Ottavio De Cobelli, Roberto Orecchia
The aim of this study is to access the feasibility, toxicity profile, and tumour outcome of an organ preservation curative approach in non-metastatic muscle-invasive bladder cancer. A retrospective analysis was conducted on patients affected by M0 bladder cancer, who refused cystectomy and were treated with a curative approach. The standard bladder preservation scheme included maximal transurethral resection of bladder tumour (TURBT) and combination of radiotherapy and platin-based chemotherapy, followed by endoscopic evaluation, urine cytology, and instrumental evaluation...
2016: Ecancermedicalscience
Ignacio Esteban León, Juan Fernando Cadavid-Vargas, Ana Laura Di Virgilio, Susana Etcheverry
Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth. The cells grow uncontrollably with the potential to invade and spread to other parts of the body. This disease is one of the principal death causes in the world, thus becoming a significant topic of scientific research. On the other hand, transition metals play a fundamental role in different living systems. In particular, Metallodrugs represent constitute new and powerful tools for diverse therapeutic applications. To date, various metallodrugs display interesting biological activities for chemotherapy...
August 24, 2016: Current Medicinal Chemistry
H M Tang, K T Kuay, P F Koh, M Asad, T Z Tan, V Y Chung, S C Lee, J P Thiery, Ry-J Huang
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), a crucial mechanism in development, mediates aggressiveness during carcinoma progression and therapeutic refractoriness. The reversibility of EMT makes it an attractive strategy in designing novel therapeutic approaches. Therefore, drug discovery pipelines for EMT reversal are in need to discover emerging classes of compounds. Here, we outline a pre-clinical drug screening platform for EMT reversal that consists of three phases of drug discovery and validation. From the Phase 1 epithelial marker promoter induction (EpI) screen on a library consisting of compounds being approved by Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Vorinostat (SAHA), a histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi), is identified to exert EMT reversal effects by restoring the expression of an epithelial marker, E-cadherin...
2016: Cell Death Discovery
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